CN113084540A - Machining milling machine with rotating mechanism and machining method thereof - Google Patents

Machining milling machine with rotating mechanism and machining method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113084540A
CN113084540A CN202110424314.4A CN202110424314A CN113084540A CN 113084540 A CN113084540 A CN 113084540A CN 202110424314 A CN202110424314 A CN 202110424314A CN 113084540 A CN113084540 A CN 113084540A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sliding
rod
longitudinal
cylinder
lifting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202110424314.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭鑫
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chongqing Yichenxing Industrial Design Co ltd
Original Assignee
Chongqing Yichenxing Industrial Design Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing Yichenxing Industrial Design Co ltd filed Critical Chongqing Yichenxing Industrial Design Co ltd
Priority to CN202110424314.4A priority Critical patent/CN113084540A/en
Publication of CN113084540A publication Critical patent/CN113084540A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/26Movable or adjustable work or tool supports characterised by constructional features relating to the co-operation of relatively movable members; Means for preventing relative movement of such members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • B23Q11/0046Devices for removing chips by sucking
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/02Driving main working members
    • B23Q5/027Driving main working members reciprocating members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/02Driving main working members
    • B23Q5/04Driving main working members rotary shafts, e.g. working-spindles
    • B23Q5/10Driving main working members rotary shafts, e.g. working-spindles driven essentially by electrical means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of milling machines, in particular to a processing milling machine with a rotating mechanism, which comprises a support frame, a processing mechanism, a rotating mechanism, a chip removal mechanism, a placing table, a longitudinal moving mechanism, a lifting mechanism and a transverse moving mechanism, wherein the transverse moving mechanism is arranged in the middle of the front side of the lower end of the support frame, the rotating mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the transverse moving mechanism, the placing table is arranged at the upper end of the rotating mechanism, the longitudinal moving mechanism is arranged at the front side of the upper end of the support frame, the lifting mechanism is arranged at the front end of the longitudinal moving mechanism, the processing mechanism is arranged at the front end of the lifting mechanism, and the chip removal mechanism. The milling machine is changed into a plurality of machining operations by arranging the machining mechanism, a plurality of different types of milling can be simultaneously carried out on the machined part, and the machined part can be driven to rotate by arranging the rotating mechanism to carry out machining at a plurality of positions.

Description

Machining milling machine with rotating mechanism and machining method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of milling machines, in particular to a machining milling machine with a rotating mechanism and a machining method thereof.
Background
In China, with the continuous acceleration of economic development, various advanced high-precision equipment is continuously introduced into the industrial field, great help is brought to industrial production in China, and in the existing industrial production occasions, a milling machine is common machining equipment and is often required to be used for milling workpieces.
The invention with the publication number of CN109079207A discloses a milling machine, which comprises a machine body, a cross beam arranged above the machine body, a base arranged below the machine body, a processing mechanism, a measuring mechanism and a direction control mechanism, wherein a driving wheel is driven to rotate by a first driving shaft, then a transmission rod pulls a transmission slide block to move in a guide rail, so that a connecting rod can pull a fixed block, a cutter bar penetrates into the main shaft, and the inner diameter of an installation groove in the main shaft is gradually reduced along the installation direction of the cutter bar, so that the automatic fixation of the cutter bar is realized, and the practicability and the reliability of the milling machine are improved.
The invention with publication number CN108247418B discloses a milling machine, which comprises a workbench arranged on a milling machine main body, a collecting tray fixedly connected below the workbench, a washing nozzle slidably arranged on the collecting tray, and a cutting fluid purifying device connected with the washing nozzle through a pipeline; the cutting fluid purifying device comprises a box body made of plastic, wherein a first groove body is arranged on one side of the box body, a second groove body and a third groove body are arranged on one side of the first groove body on the box body, and the third groove body is positioned below the second groove body; a magnetic roller is rotatably arranged in the second groove body and comprises two symmetrically-arranged circular groove-shaped magnetic roller shells, a plurality of magnetic rod accommodating cavities are formed in the circumferential wall surfaces of the magnetic roller shells, and cylindrical magnetic rods are arranged in the magnetic rod accommodating cavities; a rotating shaft is arranged between two opposite side walls of the second groove body, and the middle of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with an inner magnet used for attracting the magnetic rod to the middle direction of the magnetic roller through a connecting plate. The cutting fluid can be purified efficiently and energy-saving, so that the cutting fluid can be recycled for multiple times.
However, the above patents still have the following problems:
(1) the machining head in the prior art is only one, only can carry out milling process once to the processing part at the same time, machining efficiency is low, one machining head can only carry out one type milling process to the processing part at the same time, when the processing part needs to carry out multiple type milling process, the cutter needs to be manually changed, and the cutter calibration is carried out again, thereby wasting time and energy, causing long machining time, low machining efficiency and low machining quality.
(2) The milling machine of prior art can only carry out biaxial processing to the processing part when milling process part, when the processing part wants to process some arcs or dysmorphism grooves, current milling machine removes biax mechanism and adds man-hour, and the processing head can consequently be the diagonal motion to processing can not go out arcs or dysmorphism groove.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims at the problems in the prior art, provides a processing milling machine with a rotating mechanism, and aims to solve the problems that only one processing head in the prior art can be used for milling a processed part once at the same time, the processing efficiency is low, only one type of milling can be carried out on the processed part at the same time by one processing head, when the processed part needs to be subjected to various types of milling, a cutter needs to be manually replaced, and the cutter calibration is carried out again, so that the processing time is long, the labor is wasted, the processing efficiency is low, the processing quality is low and the like, the invention further provides the processing milling machine with the rotating mechanism and a processing method thereof, and the problems that an operator does not check the rotating mechanism, the lifting mechanism, the longitudinal moving mechanism and the transverse moving mechanism, the cutter shakes when milling a processed part, and the processing precision is low are solved, the processing yield is low.
The basic scheme of the invention is as follows: a processing milling machine with a rotating mechanism comprises a support frame, a processing mechanism, a rotating mechanism, a chip removal mechanism, a placing table, a longitudinal moving mechanism, a lifting mechanism and a transverse moving mechanism;
the transverse moving mechanism is arranged in the middle of the front side of the lower end of the support frame, the rotating mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the transverse moving mechanism, the placing table is arranged at the upper end of the rotating mechanism, the longitudinal moving mechanism is arranged at the front side of the upper end of the support frame, the lifting mechanism is arranged at the front end of the longitudinal moving mechanism, a plurality of machining mechanisms are arranged, the plurality of machining mechanisms are annularly distributed at the front end of the lifting mechanism at intervals, and the chip removal mechanism is arranged at the rear side of the lower end of the support frame;
the chip removal mechanism comprises a chip removal assembly and a moving assembly, the lower end of the moving assembly is connected with the supporting frame, and the chip removal assembly is arranged at the upper end of the moving assembly.
Preferably, each processing mechanism comprises a processing cylinder, a supporting rod, a processing telescopic rod, a connecting supporting rod, a power box, a damping cylinder, a tool seat and a sliding rod;
the utility model discloses a damping cylinder, including power box, bracing piece, processing cylinder, connecting rod, shock attenuation section of thick bamboo, cutter holder, shock attenuation section of thick bamboo inside is equipped with damping spring, the bracing piece sets up in the power box upper end outside, processing cylinder lower extreme is connected with bracing piece upper end inboard, processing telescopic link upper end set up in processing cylinder inside and with processing cylinder sliding connection, connecting rod upper end passes through the articulated elements with processing telescopic link lower extreme and rotates to be connected, the slide bar upper end passes through the articulated elements with the connecting rod lower extreme and rotates to be connected, the slide bar lower extreme passes power box inboard and power box sliding connection, just the slide bar middle-end is connected with the power transmission, the slide bar lower extreme still passes inside and is connected with the shock attenuation section of thick bamboo rotation of shock attenuation section of thick bamboo, cutter holder.
Preferably, the rotating mechanism comprises a mounting frame, a mounting side plate, a mounting bottom plate, a secondary belt wheel, a connecting rotating shaft, a primary belt wheel, a belt and a rotating motor;
the mounting bracket side all is equipped with the installation curb plate, mounting plate sets up at the mounting bracket lower extreme, rotating electrical machines one side is connected with the installation curb plate, the main band pulley sets up and is connected with the rotating electrical machines transmission at the rotating electrical machines lower extreme, from the band pulley setting to be connected the pivot lower extreme and be connected the pivot transmission, the main band pulley passes through belt transmission with the slave band pulley and is connected, connect the pivot upper end and pass the mounting bracket upper end and be connected with the mounting bracket rotation, place in the middle of the platform lower extreme and be connected the pivot upper end.
Preferably, the rotating mechanism is further provided with a brake assembly, and the brake assembly comprises a mounting column, a mounting plate, a brake telescopic rod, a brake air cylinder, a first clamping plate, a connecting fulcrum shaft, a brake disc, a fixed seat, a fixed side plate and a second clamping plate;
the erection column is equipped with a plurality of, a plurality of the annular evenly distributed of erection column is in connecting the pivot side, and a plurality of both ends all correspond with the mounting bracket and are connected about the erection column, mounting panel inner both sides all correspond with two of them erection column outsides and are connected, the fixing base outside is connected with the inboard middle part of mounting panel, the inboard both ends of fixing base all are connected with the fixed curb plate, first splint and second splint symmetric distribution are inside the fixing base, just first splint and second splint middle-end are connected through connecting the fulcrum rotation, connecting the fulcrum both ends pass the fixed curb plate and correspond with the fixed curb plate and be connected, brake inflator and brake telescopic link all set up between the first splint and the second splint outside, brake inflator lower extreme and first splint outside upper end are connected, brake telescopic link lower extreme sets up inside the brake inflator and with brake sliding connection, the brake disc passes in the middle of the brake disc and is connected with the connecting rotating shaft, the outer side of the brake disc is arranged between the inner sides of the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate, the upper end of the inner side of the first clamping plate and the lower end of the inner side of the second clamping plate are both provided with brake supporting blocks, a reset spring is further arranged between the middle ends of the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate, the upper end of the reset spring is connected with the second clamping plate, and the lower end of the reset spring is connected with the first clamping plate.
Preferably, the moving assembly comprises a track, a moving motor, a driving gear, a transmission gear, a guide wheel, a transmission shaft and a moving frame;
the track is equipped with two, two track interval distribution is in support frame lower extreme rear side, and every the track lower extreme is connected with the support frame, remove the frame and set up between two track upper ends, just remove a four corners and all be equipped with the guide pulley, every the guide pulley is connected through the rotation of movable connecting rod with removing the frame, every the guide pulley corresponds sliding connection with the track upper end, the removal motor sets up in removing a corner, the transmission shaft front end passes and removes the frame and be connected with removing the unit transmission, just the transmission shaft with remove the frame and rotate and be connected, the driving gear sets up in the transmission shaft rear end, a guide pulley front end is equipped with drive gear, drive gear and driving gear meshing are connected, every the track both sides all are equipped with the baffle.
Preferably, the scrap removing assembly comprises a supporting seat, an air duct, a supporting frame, a connecting main shaft, a scrap removing main belt wheel, a scrap removing auxiliary belt wheel, a scrap removing belt, a scrap removing motor and an air outlet sleeve;
the utility model discloses a fan blade, including support frame, supporting seat, connecting main shaft, supporting seat, fan blade, air-out sleeve, supporting seat, fixed bearing, supporting seat, connecting main shaft middle end, fan blade, air-out sleeve, air-out.
Preferentially, place bench end both sides and all be equipped with fixed subassembly, every fixed subassembly includes fixed cylinder, mount pad, fixed slide bar, supports board and fixed telescopic link, the mount pad lower extreme with place the board upper end and be connected, fixed cylinder one end is connected with mount pad one end, fixed telescopic link one end is passed the mount pad and is set up inside fixed cylinder, just fixed telescopic link and mount pad and fixed cylinder sliding connection, it is connected with the fixed telescopic link other end to support board one end middle part, it all is connected with fixed slide bar to support board one end both sides, every the fixed slide bar other end passes mount pad and mount pad sliding connection.
Preferentially, elevating system includes lifting frame, lift cylinder, lift telescopic link and lift slide, lift cylinder lower extreme is connected with lifting frame upper end middle part, lift telescopic link and lift slide set up inside lifting frame, lift telescopic link upper end set up inside lift cylinder and with lift cylinder sliding connection, the lift telescopic link lower extreme passes through the connecting cylinder with lift slide upper end rear side middle part and is connected, lift slide rear end both sides all are equipped with the slider, the inside rear end both sides of lifting frame all are equipped with the slide rail, every the slider corresponds sliding connection with the slide rail, and is a plurality of power box annular distribution is at lifting slide front end middle part.
Preferentially, the transverse moving mechanism comprises a transverse motor, a transverse threaded rod, a main sliding barrel, transverse sliding rods and auxiliary sliding barrels, the lower side of the front end of the transverse motor is connected with the middle part of the rear side of the lower end of the support frame, the rear end of the transverse threaded rod is in transmission connection with the front end of the transverse motor, the front end of the transverse threaded rod is in rotary connection with the middle part of the front side of the lower end of the support frame through a main bearing seat, the middle of the lower end of the main sliding barrel penetrates through the transverse threaded rod and is in rotary connection with the transverse threaded rod, the upper end of the main sliding barrel is connected with the middle part of the lower end of the mounting plate, the two sides of the transverse threaded rod are respectively provided with the transverse sliding rods, the front end and the rear end of each transverse sliding rod are respectively in corresponding connection with the front side and the rear side of the lower end of, the upper end of each auxiliary sliding cylinder is connected with the lower end of the mounting bottom plate;
longitudinal movement mechanism includes longitudinal slide, longitudinal motor, longitudinal fixed plate, longitudinal slide bar and longitudinal threaded rod, longitudinal motor one end rear side is connected with support frame upper end one side, longitudinal threaded rod one end is passed through the shaft coupling transmission with longitudinal motor one end and is connected, the longitudinal threaded rod other end passes longitudinal slide rear end middle part and rotates with longitudinal slide and be connected, the longitudinal threaded rod other end rotates through longitudinal fixed plate with support frame upper end opposite side and is connected, both sides all are equipped with longitudinal slide bar, every about the longitudinal threaded rod longitudinal slide bar one end pass the longitudinal slide rear end and with longitudinal slide sliding connection, every the longitudinal slide bar both ends correspond with support frame upper end both sides respectively and are connected through vertical mount pad, the longitudinal slide front end is connected with the elevator frame rear end.
The invention also discloses a processing method of the processing milling machine with the rotating mechanism, which comprises the following steps:
s1, debugging equipment, starting a transverse motor to drive a transverse threaded rod to rotate, driving a main sliding barrel to move by the transverse threaded rod, checking whether a placing table shakes in the moving process, starting a rotating motor to drive a connecting rotating shaft to rotate, checking whether the placing table shakes in the rotating process, starting a longitudinal motor to drive a longitudinal threaded rod to rotate, checking whether a longitudinal sliding plate shakes in the moving process, starting a lifting cylinder to drive a lifting telescopic rod to extend out, checking whether the lifting sliding plate shakes in the lifting process, simultaneously starting a multi-working cylinder, driving a working telescopic rod to extend out by the working cylinder, driving a sliding rod to slide by the working telescopic rod, checking whether a cutter seat shakes, starting a power device, driving the sliding rod to rotate by the power device, and checking whether the cutter seat;
s2, placing the machined parts on a placing table through transportation equipment, simultaneously starting two fixing assemblies, driving a fixing telescopic rod to slide by a fixing cylinder, and driving a butting plate to butt against the side faces of the machined parts by the fixing telescopic rod;
s3, rotating and milling the part, wherein when the arc-shaped groove is milled, starting a rotating motor to drive a main belt wheel to rotate, the main belt wheel drives a secondary belt wheel to rotate through a belt, the secondary belt wheel drives a placing table to rotate at a certain angular speed through a connecting rotating shaft, and when the special-shaped groove is milled, simultaneously starting a transverse motor to drive a transverse threaded rod to rotate, and the transverse threaded rod drives a rotating mechanism to move at a certain speed and is matched with the rotating mechanism to mill the special-shaped groove;
s4, removing scraps in the machining process, starting a scrap removing motor to drive a connecting main shaft to rotate, connecting the main shaft to drive fan blades to rotate to generate strong wind in cooperation with an air duct, blowing the machining parts on the placing table through an air outlet sleeve by the strong wind, simultaneously starting a moving motor to drive a driving gear to rotate in meshing with a transmission gear, driving a guide wheel to move by the transmission gear, driving a moving frame to move repeatedly by the guide wheel, blowing the machining surface comprehensively, and blowing off residual scraps on the machining parts.
The working principle and the advantages of the invention are as follows:
(1) the invention provides a processing conversion mechanism, wherein only one processing head of the traditional milling machine is used, only one milling processing can be carried out on a processed part at the same time, one processing head can only carry out one type of milling processing on the processed part at the same time, when the processed part needs to carry out various types of milling processing, a cutter needs to be manually replaced, the cutter is calibrated again, a plurality of processing mechanisms are added, the processing mechanisms are connected and driven by a driver and a driving shaft, the driving shaft is in meshing transmission with a transmission bevel gear through a driving bevel gear to drive a transmission shaft to rotate, the transmission shaft is in meshing transmission with a transmission inner gear through a main planetary gear, the transmission inner gear is in meshing transmission with a secondary planetary gear to drive a driven shaft to rotate, the driven shaft drives a cutter seat to rotate, thereby changing the original, the processing space of the milling machine is enlarged, a plurality of surfaces of a processed part can be milled, transmission shafts with different lengths can be selected according to requirements, the processing time can be shortened, the processing efficiency is improved, and the processing quality is improved;
(2) when the traditional milling machine mills a part, the part can only be subjected to biaxial processing, when the part to be processed wants to process a certain arc-shaped or special-shaped groove, the processing head can make oblique line motion when the traditional milling machine moves a double-shaft mechanism to process, so that the arc-shaped or special-shaped groove can not be processed, a rotating mechanism is arranged, a main belt wheel is driven to rotate by a rotating motor, the main belt wheel drives a secondary belt wheel to rotate by a belt, the secondary belt wheel drives a turnover table to rotate by a connecting rotating shaft, and therefore when the processing table of the milling machine mills the part, the part to be processed on the rotary placing table is matched with a transverse moving mechanism to mill the arc-shaped or special-shaped;
(3) set up and remove bits mechanism, after the processing is accomplished to the processing part, some sweeps can be remained on the surface, if not clear up, add man-hour on next step in the processing part, the remaining sweeps of its position that needs the processing and the contact of processing head, let the processing head take place slightly to skid, thereby influence the processing head processing, reduce machining precision and product quality, and it drives through removing bits motor and connects the main shaft rotation to remove bits mechanism, it drives flabellum and dryer cooperation and produces strong wind to connect the main shaft, strong wind blows to processing part surface through the air-out sleeve, the while removes the motor and drives the guide pulley and removes repeatedly, the guide pulley drives and removes the frame and removes repeatedly, it removes the bits to carry out preceding to the processing part to remove the frame, can effectually detach most sweeps, reduce the influence of sweeps to the processing head, improve machining precision and product quality.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view (view I) of a milling machine with a rotating mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view (view II) of a milling machine with a rotating mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a machining mechanism in a machining milling machine with a rotating mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a lifting mechanism in a milling machine with a rotating mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a rotating mechanism in a milling machine with a rotating mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a brake assembly in a milling machine with a rotating mechanism according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a chip removal mechanism in a milling machine provided with a rotating mechanism according to the invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a fixing component in a milling machine with a rotating mechanism according to the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a transverse moving mechanism in a milling machine with a rotating mechanism according to the present invention.
Reference numerals referred to in the drawings are:
a lifting mechanism 1; a lifting cylinder 101; a lifting telescopic rod 102; a lifting frame 103; a connecting cylinder 104; a lifting slider 105;
a slide rail 106;
a processing mechanism 2; a processing cylinder 201; a support bar 202; processing the telescopic rod 203; a hinge 204; a connecting strut 205; a power cartridge 206; a damper cylinder 207; a tool holder 208; a damper spring 209; a slide lever 210;
a moving assembly 3; a moving motor 301; a drive gear 302; a track 303; the moving connecting rod 304; a guide wheel 305; a drive gear 306; a drive shaft 307; a movable frame 308; a baffle 309;
a chip removing component 4; an air outlet sleeve 401; an air duct 402; the scrap removing secondary pulley 403; a connecting main shaft 404; a stationary bearing block 405; a support base 406; a scrap removal belt 407; a scrap removal primary pulley 408; a scrap removing motor 409; a support frame 410;
a support frame 5;
a lateral movement mechanism 6; a main spool 601; a main bearing housing 602; a sub mount 603; a secondary spool 604; a transverse slide bar 605; a transverse threaded rod 606; a transverse motor 607;
a rotating mechanism 7; mounting the side plate 701; a mounting frame 702; a secondary pulley 703; a connecting rotating shaft 704; a primary pulley 705; a belt 706; a mounting base 707; a rotating electric machine 708;
a placing table 8;
a fixing assembly 9; a stationary cylinder 901; a mount 902; a fixed slide bar 903; a butt plate 904; fixing the telescopic bar 905;
a longitudinal moving mechanism 10; a longitudinal mount 1001; a longitudinal fixation plate 1002; a longitudinal sliding plate 1003; a longitudinal slide bar 1004; a longitudinal threaded rod 1005; a coupling 1006; a longitudinal motor 1007;
a brake assembly 11; mounting posts 1101; a brake extension rod 1102; a mounting plate 1103; a brake cylinder 1104; a first clamping plate 1105; a connecting fulcrum 1106; a brake shoe 1107; a brake disc 1108; a fixed side plate 1109; a return spring 1110; a fixed seat 1111; a second clamping plate 1112.
Detailed Description
The following is further detailed by the specific embodiments:
the first embodiment is as follows:
as shown in fig. 1-9, a milling machine with a rotating mechanism comprises a support frame 5, a processing mechanism 2, a rotating mechanism 7, a chip removal mechanism, a placing table 8, a longitudinal moving mechanism 10, a lifting mechanism 1 and a transverse moving mechanism 6;
the horizontal moving mechanism 6 is arranged in the middle of the front side of the lower end of the support frame 5, the rotating mechanism 7 is arranged at the upper end of the horizontal moving mechanism 6, the placing table 8 is arranged at the upper end of the rotating mechanism 7, the vertical moving mechanism 10 is arranged at the front side of the upper end of the support frame 5, the lifting mechanism 1 is arranged at the front end of the vertical moving mechanism 10, a plurality of processing mechanisms 2 are arranged, the plurality of processing mechanisms 2 are annularly distributed at the front end of the lifting mechanism 1 at intervals, and the chip removal mechanism is arranged at the rear side of the lower end;
chip removal mechanism is connected with support frame 5 including removing bits subassembly 4 and removal subassembly 3, the 3 lower extremes of removal subassembly, removes bits subassembly 4 and sets up in removal subassembly 3 upper end.
Each processing mechanism 2 comprises a processing cylinder 201, a supporting rod 202, a processing telescopic rod 203, a connecting supporting rod 205, a power box 206, a shock absorption cylinder 207, a cutter seat 208 and a sliding rod 210;
the power device is arranged inside the power box 206, the support rod 202 is arranged on the outer side of the upper end of the power box 206, the lower end of the processing cylinder 201 is connected with the inner side of the upper end of the support rod 202, the upper end of the processing telescopic rod 203 is arranged inside the processing cylinder 201 and is in sliding connection with the processing cylinder 201, the upper end of the connecting support rod 205 is in rotating connection with the lower end of the processing telescopic rod 203 through a hinge 204, the upper end of the sliding rod 210 is in rotating connection with the lower end of the connecting support rod 205 through the hinge 204, the lower end of the sliding rod 210 penetrates through the inner side of the power box 206 and is in sliding connection with the power box 206, the middle end of the sliding rod 210 is in transmission connection with the power device, the lower end of the sliding rod 210 further penetrates through the inside of the damping cylinder 207 and is in rotating connection with the damping cylinder 207, the. Processing agency 2 sets up processing cylinder 201 and processing telescopic link 203, adopt the atmospheric pressure transmission mode, overall structure is stable, it is high to remove the precision, it is with low costs, set up bracing piece 202, the fixed processing cylinder 201 of easy to assemble, set up connecting rod 205, make things convenient for slide bar 210 to be connected the transmission with processing telescopic link 203, set up power box 206, easy to assemble protection power device, set up the power device, conveniently drive slide bar 210 and rotate, thereby it rotates to drive tool holder 208, set up tool holder 208, the cutter of easy to assemble, set up slide bar 210, the cylinder 201 of easy to process is through processing telescopic link 203, connecting rod 205 drives slide bar 210 and goes up and down, thereby further adjust the height of tool holder 208, set up damper 207 and damping spring 209, when the cutter is milling process part, reduce the shake that the tool bit produced when contacting with the machined surface.
The rotating mechanism 7 comprises a mounting frame 702, a mounting side plate 701, a mounting bottom plate 707, a secondary belt pulley 703, a connecting rotating shaft 704, a primary belt pulley 705, a belt 706 and a rotating motor 708;
the side of the mounting frame 702 is provided with a mounting side plate 701, a mounting bottom plate 707 is arranged at the lower end of the mounting frame 702, one side of the rotating motor 708 is connected with the mounting side plate 701, a main belt wheel 705 is arranged at the lower end of the rotating motor 708 and is in transmission connection with the rotating motor 708, a secondary belt wheel 703 is arranged at the lower end of the connecting rotating shaft 704 and is in transmission connection with the connecting rotating shaft 704, the main belt wheel 705 is in transmission connection with the secondary belt wheel 703 through a belt 706, the upper end of the connecting rotating shaft 704 penetrates through the upper end of the mounting frame 702 and is in rotation connection with. The rotating mechanism 7 is provided with a mounting frame 702, a side plate 701, a mounting bottom plate 707, a secondary belt wheel 703, a connecting rotating shaft 704, a primary belt wheel 705, a belt 706 and a rotating motor 708 are conveniently and fixedly mounted, the mounting side plate 701 and the mounting bottom plate 707 are arranged, the secondary belt wheel 703, the connecting rotating shaft 704, the primary belt wheel 705, the belt 706 and the rotating motor 708 are conveniently protected from being damaged due to the influence of external factors, the secondary belt wheel 703, the connecting rotating shaft 704, the primary belt wheel 705, the belt 706 and the rotating motor 708 are arranged, the whole structure is stable through a belt transmission mode, noise is generated, when overload occurs, belt transmission can slip on wheels, and other parts can be prevented from being damaged.
The rotating mechanism 7 is further provided with a brake assembly 11, wherein the brake assembly comprises an installation column 1101, an installation plate 1103, a brake telescopic rod 1102, a brake air cylinder 1104, a first clamping plate 1105, a connecting fulcrum 1106, a brake disc 1108, a fixed seat 1111, a fixed side plate 1109 and a second clamping plate 1112;
the mounting posts 1101 are uniformly distributed on the side surface of the connecting rotating shaft 704 in an annular shape, the upper ends and the lower ends of the mounting posts 1101 are correspondingly connected with the mounting frame 702, the two sides of the inner end of the mounting plate 1103 are correspondingly connected with the outer sides of two of the mounting posts 1101, the outer side of the fixed seat 1111 is connected with the middle part of the inner side of the mounting plate 1103, the two ends of the inner side of the fixed seat 1111 are respectively connected with a fixed side plate 1109, a first clamping plate 1105 and a second clamping plate 1112 are symmetrically distributed in the fixed seat 1111, the middle ends of the first clamping plate 1105 and the second clamping plate 1112 are rotatably connected through a connecting fulcrum 1106, the two ends of the connecting fulcrum 1106 penetrate through the fixed side plate 1109 and are correspondingly connected with the fixed side plate 1109, the brake air cylinder 1104 and the brake telescopic rod 1102 are both arranged between the outer sides of the first clamping plate 1105 and the second clamping plate 1112, the lower end of the brake air cylinder 1104 is connected with, the middle of the brake disc 1108 passes through the connecting rotating shaft 704 and is connected with the connecting rotating shaft 704, the outer side of the brake disc 1108 is arranged between the inner sides of the first clamping plate 1105 and the second clamping plate 1112, the upper end of the inner side of the first clamping plate 1105 and the lower end of the inner side of the second clamping plate 1112 are both provided with a brake abutting block 1107, a return spring 1110 is further arranged between the middle ends of the first clamping plate 1105 and the second clamping plate 1112, the upper end of the return spring 1110 is connected with the second clamping plate 1112, and the lower end of the return spring 1110 is connected with the first clamping plate. The brake component 11 is provided with a mounting post 1101 and a mounting plate 1103, a fixing seat 1111 is convenient to connect and fix with the mounting frame 702, a first clamping plate 1105 and a second clamping plate 1112 are convenient to install and fix, the first clamping plate 1105 and the second clamping plate 1112 are provided, a brake disc 1108 is convenient to match and instantly clamped, a connecting fulcrum 1106 is provided, the first clamping plate 1105 and the second clamping plate 1112 are convenient to rotate and connect, a side plate 1109 is fixed, the fixed connecting fulcrum 1106 is convenient to install and fix, a brake telescopic rod 1102 and a brake air cylinder 1104 are provided, an air pressure telescopic mode is adopted, the whole structure is stable, the moving precision is high, the cost is low, the brake air cylinder 1104 drives the brake telescopic rod 1102 to extend out, thereby controlling the second clamping plate 1112 to match with the first clamping plate 1105 and instantly clamp the brake disc 1108, setting the brake disc 1108, the brake disc 1105 is convenient to match with the first clamping plate 1105 and the, reduce the processing loss, set up reset spring 1110, conveniently drive second splint 1112 and reset.
Example two:
as shown in fig. 1-9, a milling machine with a rotating mechanism comprises a support frame 5, a processing mechanism 2, a rotating mechanism 7, a chip removal mechanism, a placing table 8, a longitudinal moving mechanism 10, a lifting mechanism 1 and a transverse moving mechanism 6;
the horizontal moving mechanism 6 is arranged in the middle of the front side of the lower end of the support frame 5, the rotating mechanism 7 is arranged at the upper end of the horizontal moving mechanism 6, the placing table 8 is arranged at the upper end of the rotating mechanism 7, the vertical moving mechanism 10 is arranged at the front side of the upper end of the support frame 5, the lifting mechanism 1 is arranged at the front end of the vertical moving mechanism 10, a plurality of processing mechanisms 2 are arranged, the plurality of processing mechanisms 2 are annularly distributed at the front end of the lifting mechanism 1 at intervals, and the chip removal mechanism is arranged at the rear side of the lower end;
chip removal mechanism is connected with support frame 5 including removing bits subassembly 4 and removal subassembly 3, the 3 lower extremes of removal subassembly, removes bits subassembly 4 and sets up in removal subassembly 3 upper end.
Each processing mechanism 2 comprises a processing cylinder 201, a supporting rod 202, a processing telescopic rod 203, a connecting supporting rod 205, a power box 206, a shock absorption cylinder 207, a cutter seat 208 and a sliding rod 210;
the power device is arranged inside the power box 206, the support rod 202 is arranged on the outer side of the upper end of the power box 206, the lower end of the processing cylinder 201 is connected with the inner side of the upper end of the support rod 202, the upper end of the processing telescopic rod 203 is arranged inside the processing cylinder 201 and is in sliding connection with the processing cylinder 201, the upper end of the connecting support rod 205 is in rotating connection with the lower end of the processing telescopic rod 203 through a hinge 204, the upper end of the sliding rod 210 is in rotating connection with the lower end of the connecting support rod 205 through the hinge 204, the lower end of the sliding rod 210 penetrates through the inner side of the power box 206 and is in sliding connection with the power box 206, the middle end of the sliding rod 210 is in transmission connection with the power device, the lower end of the sliding rod 210 further penetrates through the inside of the damping cylinder 207 and is in rotating connection with the damping cylinder 207, the. Processing agency 2 sets up processing cylinder 201 and processing telescopic link 203, adopt the atmospheric pressure transmission mode, overall structure is stable, it is high to remove the precision, it is with low costs, set up bracing piece 202, the fixed processing cylinder 201 of easy to assemble, set up connecting rod 205, make things convenient for slide bar 210 to be connected the transmission with processing telescopic link 203, set up power box 206, easy to assemble protection power device, set up the power device, conveniently drive slide bar 210 and rotate, thereby it rotates to drive tool holder 208, set up tool holder 208, the cutter of easy to assemble, set up slide bar 210, the cylinder 201 of easy to process is through processing telescopic link 203, connecting rod 205 drives slide bar 210 and goes up and down, thereby further adjust the height of tool holder 208, set up damper 207 and damping spring 209, when the cutter is milling process part, reduce the shake that the tool bit produced when contacting with the machined surface.
The rotating mechanism 7 comprises a mounting frame 702, a mounting side plate 701, a mounting bottom plate 707, a secondary belt pulley 703, a connecting rotating shaft 704, a primary belt pulley 705, a belt 706 and a rotating motor 708;
the side of the mounting frame 702 is provided with a mounting side plate 701, a mounting bottom plate 707 is arranged at the lower end of the mounting frame 702, one side of the rotating motor 708 is connected with the mounting side plate 701, a main belt wheel 705 is arranged at the lower end of the rotating motor 708 and is in transmission connection with the rotating motor 708, a secondary belt wheel 703 is arranged at the lower end of the connecting rotating shaft 704 and is in transmission connection with the connecting rotating shaft 704, the main belt wheel 705 is in transmission connection with the secondary belt wheel 703 through a belt 706, the upper end of the connecting rotating shaft 704 penetrates through the upper end of the mounting frame 702 and is in rotation connection with. The rotating mechanism 7 is provided with a mounting frame 702, a side plate 701, a mounting bottom plate 707, a secondary belt wheel 703, a connecting rotating shaft 704, a primary belt wheel 705, a belt 706 and a rotating motor 708 are conveniently and fixedly mounted, the mounting side plate 701 and the mounting bottom plate 707 are arranged, the secondary belt wheel 703, the connecting rotating shaft 704, the primary belt wheel 705, the belt 706 and the rotating motor 708 are conveniently protected from being damaged due to the influence of external factors, the secondary belt wheel 703, the connecting rotating shaft 704, the primary belt wheel 705, the belt 706 and the rotating motor 708 are arranged, the whole structure is stable through a belt transmission mode, noise is generated, when overload occurs, belt transmission can slip on wheels, and other parts can be prevented from being damaged.
The rotating mechanism 7 is further provided with a brake assembly 11, wherein the brake assembly comprises an installation column 1101, an installation plate 1103, a brake telescopic rod 1102, a brake air cylinder 1104, a first clamping plate 1105, a connecting fulcrum 1106, a brake disc 1108, a fixed seat 1111, a fixed side plate 1109 and a second clamping plate 1112;
the mounting posts 1101 are uniformly distributed on the side surface of the connecting rotating shaft 704 in an annular shape, the upper ends and the lower ends of the mounting posts 1101 are correspondingly connected with the mounting frame 702, the two sides of the inner end of the mounting plate 1103 are correspondingly connected with the outer sides of two of the mounting posts 1101, the outer side of the fixed seat 1111 is connected with the middle part of the inner side of the mounting plate 1103, the two ends of the inner side of the fixed seat 1111 are respectively connected with a fixed side plate 1109, a first clamping plate 1105 and a second clamping plate 1112 are symmetrically distributed in the fixed seat 1111, the middle ends of the first clamping plate 1105 and the second clamping plate 1112 are rotatably connected through a connecting fulcrum 1106, the two ends of the connecting fulcrum 1106 penetrate through the fixed side plate 1109 and are correspondingly connected with the fixed side plate 1109, the brake air cylinder 1104 and the brake telescopic rod 1102 are both arranged between the outer sides of the first clamping plate 1105 and the second clamping plate 1112, the lower end of the brake air cylinder 1104 is connected with, the middle of the brake disc 1108 passes through the connecting rotating shaft 704 and is connected with the connecting rotating shaft 704, the outer side of the brake disc 1108 is arranged between the inner sides of the first clamping plate 1105 and the second clamping plate 1112, the upper end of the inner side of the first clamping plate 1105 and the lower end of the inner side of the second clamping plate 1112 are both provided with a brake abutting block 1107, a return spring 1110 is further arranged between the middle ends of the first clamping plate 1105 and the second clamping plate 1112, the upper end of the return spring 1110 is connected with the second clamping plate 1112, and the lower end of the return spring 1110 is connected with the first clamping plate. The brake component 11 is provided with a mounting post 1101 and a mounting plate 1103, a fixing seat 1111 is convenient to connect and fix with the mounting frame 702, a first clamping plate 1105 and a second clamping plate 1112 are convenient to install and fix, the first clamping plate 1105 and the second clamping plate 1112 are provided, a brake disc 1108 is convenient to match and instantly clamped, a connecting fulcrum 1106 is provided, the first clamping plate 1105 and the second clamping plate 1112 are convenient to rotate and connect, a side plate 1109 is fixed, the fixed connecting fulcrum 1106 is convenient to install and fix, a brake telescopic rod 1102 and a brake air cylinder 1104 are provided, an air pressure telescopic mode is adopted, the whole structure is stable, the moving precision is high, the cost is low, the brake air cylinder 1104 drives the brake telescopic rod 1102 to extend out, thereby controlling the second clamping plate 1112 to match with the first clamping plate 1105 and instantly clamp the brake disc 1108, setting the brake disc 1108, the brake disc 1105 is convenient to match with the first clamping plate 1105 and the, reduce the processing loss, set up reset spring 1110, conveniently drive second splint 1112 and reset.
The moving assembly 3 comprises a track 303, a moving motor 301, a driving gear 302, a transmission gear 306, a guide wheel 305, a transmission shaft 307 and a moving frame 308;
the tracks 303 are two, the two tracks 303 are distributed on the rear side of the lower end of the support frame 5 at intervals, the lower end of each track 303 is connected with the support frame 5, the moving frame 308 is arranged between the upper ends of the two tracks 303, guide wheels 305 are arranged at four corners of the moving frame 308, each guide wheel 305 is rotatably connected with the moving frame 308 through a moving connecting rod 304, each guide wheel 305 corresponds to the upper end of each track 303 in a sliding connection mode, the moving motor 301 is arranged at one corner of the moving frame 308, the front end of the transmission shaft 307 penetrates through the moving frame 308 and is in transmission connection with the moving single machine 301, the transmission shaft 307 is rotatably connected with the moving frame 308, the driving gear 302 is arranged at the rear end of the transmission shaft 307, a transmission gear 306 is arranged at the front end of one guide wheel 305. Remove subassembly 3 and set up and remove frame 308, fixed moving motor 301 of easy to assemble, guide pulley 305 and remove bits subassembly 4, set up moving motor 301, driving gear 302, drive gear 306 and transmission shaft 307, adopt the gear drive mode, stable in structure, transmission precision is high, and the drive ratio is big, sets up track 303 and guide pulley 305, conveniently drives and removes frame 308 and remove to the drive removes bits subassembly 4 and removes, and the team processing part removes the bits repeatedly.
The scrap removing component 4 comprises a supporting seat 406, an air duct 402, a supporting frame 410, a connecting main shaft 404, a scrap removing main belt wheel 408, a scrap removing auxiliary belt wheel 403, a scrap removing belt 407, a scrap removing motor 409 and an air outlet sleeve 401;
the lower end of the support frame 410 is connected with one side of the upper end of the movable frame 308, the scrap removing motor 409 is arranged on one side of the upper end of the rear end of the support frame 410, the support base 406 is arranged on one side of the upper end of the front end of the support frame 410, the connecting main shaft 404 is arranged on the upper end of the support base 406, the middle end of the connecting main shaft 404 is rotatably connected with the upper end of the support base 406 through the fixed bearing base 405, the scrap removing main belt wheel 408 is in transmission connection with one side of the scrap removing motor 409, the scrap removing auxiliary belt wheel 403 is arranged on one side of the connecting main shaft 404, the scrap removing main belt wheel 408 is in transmission connection with the scrap removing auxiliary belt wheel 403 through a scrap removing belt 407, the air duct 402 is arranged on the other side of the upper end of the front end of the support frame 410, the other side of the connecting main. Remove bits subassembly 4 and set up supporting seat 406, main shaft 404 is connected in the support of easy to assemble support, set up support frame 410, easy to assemble fixed support seat 406, dryer 402 and remove bits motor 409, set up dryer 402 and flabellum, the convenient cooperation produces strong wind, main shaft 404 is connected in the setting and remove bits motor 409, it rotates to drive main shaft 404 to connect through removing bits motor 409 drive, thereby it is rotatory to drive the flabellum, set up air-out sleeve 401, the convenient strong wind that will produce is carried the assigned position from dryer 402, it sets up and removes bits main belt wheel 408, remove bits from band pulley 403 and remove bits belt 407, adopt belt drive mode, overall structure is stable, the noise, when overloading, belt drive can skid on the wheel, can prevent to damage other parts.
Place 8 upper end both sides of platform and all be equipped with fixed subassembly 9, every fixed subassembly 9 includes fixed cylinder 901, mount pad 902, fixed slide bar 903, support board 904 and fixed telescopic link 905, mount pad 902 lower extreme with place board 801 upper end and be connected, fixed cylinder 901 one end is connected with mount pad 902 one end, fixed telescopic link 905 one end is passed mount pad 902 and is set up inside fixed cylinder 901, and fixed telescopic link 905 and mount pad 902 and fixed cylinder 901 sliding connection, support board 904 one end middle part and fixed telescopic link 905 other end and be connected, support board 904 one end both sides all are connected with fixed slide bar 903, every fixed slide bar 903 other end passes mount pad 902 and mount pad 902 sliding connection. Fixed subassembly 9 sets up fixed cylinder 901 and fixed telescopic link 905, adopts the flexible mode of atmospheric pressure, and whole overall structure is stable, and it is high to remove the precision, and is with low costs, sets up to board 904, conveniently drives through fixed telescopic link 905 and supports board 904 and support tight processing part, sets up fixed slide bar 903, and convenient supplementary fixed telescopic link 905 slides, further improves sliding stability, sets up mount pad 902, and convenient and place platform 8 and be connected fixedly.
Elevating system 1 includes lifting frame 103, lift cylinder 101, lift telescopic link 102 and lifting slide 105, lift cylinder 101 lower extreme is connected with lifting frame 103 upper end middle part, lift telescopic link 102 and lifting slide 105 set up inside lifting frame 103, lift telescopic link 102 upper end set up inside lift cylinder 101 and with lift cylinder 101 sliding connection, lift telescopic link 102 lower extreme is connected through connecting cylinder 104 with lifting slide 105 upper end rear side middle part, lifting slide 105 rear end both sides all are equipped with the slider, the inside rear end both sides of lifting frame 103 all are equipped with slide rail 106, every slider corresponds sliding connection with slide rail 106, a plurality of power box 206 annular distribution is at lifting slide 105 front end middle part. Elevating system 1 sets up lift cylinder 101 and lifting telescopic link 102, adopt the flexible mode of atmospheric pressure, whole overall structure is stable, it is high to remove the precision, and is with low costs, lift cylinder 101 drives lifting telescopic link 102 flexible, thereby drive the lift of a plurality of processing agency 2, set up lifting sliding plate 105, a plurality of processing agency 2 of easy to assemble fixed, thereby remove through a plurality of processing agency 2 of lifting sliding plate 105 control, set up lifting frame 103, the fixed lift cylinder 101 of easy to assemble, lifting telescopic link 102 and lifting sliding plate 105, set up slider and slide rail 106, conveniently assist lifting sliding plate 105 to go up and down, further improve the lift stability.
The transverse moving mechanism 6 comprises a transverse motor 607, a transverse threaded rod 606, a main sliding cylinder 601, transverse sliding rods 605 and auxiliary sliding cylinders 604, the lower side of the front end of the transverse motor 607 is connected with the middle part of the rear side of the lower end of the support frame 5, the rear end of the transverse threaded rod 606 is in transmission connection with the front end of the transverse motor 607, the front end of the transverse threaded rod 606 is in rotary connection with the middle part of the front side of the lower end of the support frame 5 through a main bearing seat 602, the middle part of the lower end of the main sliding cylinder 601 passes through the transverse threaded rod 606 and is in rotary connection with the transverse threaded rod 606, the upper end of the main sliding cylinder 601 is connected with the middle part of the lower end of the mounting bottom plate 707, the two sides of the transverse threaded rod 606 are respectively provided with the transverse sliding rods 605, the front end and the rear end of each transverse sliding rod 605 are respectively correspondingly connected with the front side and the, the upper end of each auxiliary sliding cylinder 604 is connected with the lower end of the mounting bottom plate 707, the transverse moving mechanism 6 is provided with a transverse motor 607 and a transverse threaded rod 606, a threaded rod rotation matching mode is adopted, the stability is high, the moving precision is accurate, the main sliding cylinder 601 is arranged, the rotating mechanism 7 is convenient to be connected with the transverse threaded rod 606 for transmission, so that the transverse threaded rod 606 drives the overturning platform 8 to transversely move through the rotating mechanism 7, the transverse sliding rod 605 and the auxiliary sliding cylinders 604 are arranged, the rotating mechanism 7 can be assisted to move, the moving stability is further improved, the phenomenon that the rotating mechanism 7 shakes in the moving process is prevented, and the processing failure of a machined part.
The longitudinal moving mechanism 10 comprises a longitudinal sliding plate 1003, a longitudinal motor 1007, a longitudinal fixing plate 1002, longitudinal sliding rods 1004 and a longitudinal threaded rod 1005, wherein the rear side of one end of the longitudinal motor 1007 is connected with one side of the upper end of the support frame 5, one end of the longitudinal threaded rod 1005 is in transmission connection with one end of the longitudinal motor 1007 through a coupler 1006, the other end of the longitudinal threaded rod 1005 penetrates through the middle of the rear end of the longitudinal sliding plate 1003 and is in rotary connection with the longitudinal sliding plate 1003, the other end of the longitudinal threaded rod 1005 is in rotary connection with the other side of the upper end of the support frame 5 through the longitudinal fixing plate 1002, the longitudinal sliding rods 1004 are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the longitudinal threaded rod 1005, one end of each longitudinal sliding rod 1004 penetrates through the rear end of the longitudinal sliding plate 1003 and is in sliding connection with the longitudinal sliding plate. Longitudinal movement mechanism 10 sets up longitudinal sliding plate 1003, fixed elevating system 1 of easy to assemble sets up longitudinal motor 1007 and longitudinal threaded rod 1005, adopts the threaded rod normal running fit mode, and stability is high, and the removal precision is accurate, drives longitudinal threaded rod 1005 through longitudinal motor 1007 and rotates to drive longitudinal sliding plate 1003 and slide, set up longitudinal fixed plate 1002, make things convenient for longitudinal threaded rod 1005 to be connected fixedly with support frame 5, set up longitudinal slide bar 1004, make things convenient for supplementary longitudinal sliding plate 1003 to slide, further improve sliding stability.
The machining method of the machining milling machine with the rotating mechanism comprises the following steps:
s1, debugging equipment, starting a transverse motor 607 to drive a transverse threaded rod 606 to rotate, driving a main sliding barrel 601 to move by the transverse threaded rod 606, checking whether a placing table 8 shakes in the moving process, starting a rotating motor 708 to drive a connecting rotating shaft 704 to rotate, checking whether the placing table 8 shakes in the rotating process, starting a longitudinal motor 1007 to drive a longitudinal threaded rod 1005 to rotate, checking whether a longitudinal sliding plate 1003 shakes in the moving process, starting a lifting cylinder 101 to drive a lifting telescopic rod 102 to extend, checking whether the lifting sliding plate 105 shakes in the lifting process, simultaneously starting a multiplex processing cylinder 201, driving a processing telescopic rod 203 to extend by the processing cylinder 201, driving a sliding rod 210 to slide by the processing telescopic rod 203, checking whether a cutter seat 208 shakes, starting a power device, driving the sliding rod 210 to rotate by the power device, and checking whether the cutter seat 208 rotates;
s2, placing the machined parts on a placing table 8 through transportation equipment, simultaneously starting two fixing assemblies 9, driving a fixing telescopic rod 905 to slide by a fixing cylinder 901, and driving a butting plate 904 to butt against the side faces of the machined parts by the fixing telescopic rod 905;
s3, rotating and milling the part, when milling an arc-shaped groove, starting the rotating motor 708 to drive the main belt wheel 705 to rotate, driving the auxiliary belt wheel 703 to rotate through the belt 706, driving the placing table 8 to rotate at a certain angular speed through the auxiliary belt wheel 703 and the connecting rotating shaft 704, when milling a special-shaped groove, simultaneously starting the transverse motor 607 to drive the transverse threaded rod 606 to rotate, and driving the rotating mechanism 7 to move at a certain speed through the transverse threaded rod 606 to be matched with the rotating mechanism 7 to mill the special-shaped groove;
s4, removing chips by machining, starting a chip removing motor 409 to drive a connecting main shaft 404 to rotate, driving fan blades to rotate by the connecting main shaft 404 to be matched with an air duct 402 to generate strong wind, blowing the machining parts on the placing table 8 through an air outlet sleeve 401 by the strong wind, simultaneously starting a moving motor 301 to drive a driving gear 302 to be meshed with a transmission gear 306 to rotate, driving the transmission gear 306 to drive a guide wheel 305 to move, driving a moving frame 308 to move repeatedly by the guide wheel 305, blowing the machining face comprehensively, and blowing off residual scraps on the machining parts.
The foregoing is merely an example of the present invention, and common general knowledge in the field of known specific structures and characteristics is not described herein in any greater extent than that known in the art at the filing date or prior to the priority date of the application, so that those skilled in the art can now appreciate that all of the above-described techniques in this field and have the ability to apply routine experimentation before this date can be combined with one or more of the present teachings to complete and implement the present invention, and that certain typical known structures or known methods do not pose any impediments to the implementation of the present invention by those skilled in the art. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the structure of the present invention, several changes and modifications can be made, which should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention, and these will not affect the effect of the implementation of the present invention and the practicability of the patent.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a processing milling machine with rotary mechanism which characterized in that: comprises a support frame (5), a processing mechanism (2), a rotating mechanism (7), a chip removal mechanism, a placing table (8), a longitudinal moving mechanism (10), a lifting mechanism (1) and a transverse moving mechanism (6);
the horizontal moving mechanism (6) is arranged in the middle of the front side of the lower end of the support frame (5), the rotating mechanism (7) is arranged at the upper end of the horizontal moving mechanism (6), the placing table (8) is arranged at the upper end of the rotating mechanism (7), the longitudinal moving mechanism (10) is arranged at the front side of the upper end of the support frame (5), the lifting mechanism (1) is arranged at the front end of the longitudinal moving mechanism (10), the processing mechanisms (2) are arranged in a plurality, the processing mechanisms (2) are annularly distributed at the front end of the lifting mechanism (1) at intervals, and the chip removal mechanism is arranged at the rear side of the lower end of the support frame (5);
the chip removal mechanism comprises a chip removal assembly (4) and a moving assembly (3), the lower end of the moving assembly (3) is connected with a support frame (5), and the chip removal assembly (4) is arranged at the upper end of the moving assembly (3).
2. A machining milling machine provided with a rotating mechanism according to claim 1, characterized in that: each machining mechanism (2) comprises a machining cylinder (201), a supporting rod (202), a machining telescopic rod (203), a connecting supporting rod (205), a power box (206), a damping cylinder (207), a cutter seat (208) and a sliding rod (210);
the utility model discloses a cutter seat, including power box (206), bracing piece (202), processing cylinder (201), connecting rod (210), power box (206), bracing piece (202), processing cylinder (201), connecting rod (203), connecting rod (210), connecting rod (207), power box (207), damping cylinder (207), cutting tool seat (208), power box (210), power device, bracing piece (202), processing cylinder (201), connecting rod (203), connecting rod (205), connecting rod (204), connecting rod (210), connecting rod (207), cutting tool seat (208), power device, damping cylinder (207), cutting tool seat (210), the damping cylinder (207) is internally provided with a damping spring (209), and the middle end of the damping spring (209) penetrates through the sliding rod (210) and is connected with the sliding rod (210).
3. A machining milling machine provided with a rotating mechanism according to claim 2, characterized in that: the rotating mechanism (7) comprises a mounting frame (702), a mounting side plate (701), a mounting bottom plate (707), a driven belt wheel (703), a connecting rotating shaft (704), a main belt wheel (705), a belt (706) and a rotating motor (708);
the side of the mounting rack (702) is provided with a mounting side plate (701), a mounting bottom plate (707) is arranged at the lower end of the mounting rack (702), one side of a rotating motor (708) is connected with the mounting side plate (701), a main belt wheel (705) is arranged at the lower end of the rotating motor (708) and is in transmission connection with the rotating motor (708), a secondary belt wheel (703) is arranged at the lower end of a connecting rotating shaft (704) and is in transmission connection with the connecting rotating shaft (704), the main belt wheel (705) is in transmission connection with the secondary belt wheel (703) through a belt (706), the upper end of the connecting rotating shaft (704) penetrates through the upper end of the mounting rack (702) and is in rotation connection with the mounting rack (702), and the middle of the lower end of the placing table (8.
4. A machining milling machine provided with a rotating mechanism according to claim 3, characterized in that: the rotating mechanism (7) is further provided with a brake assembly (11), and the brake assembly comprises a mounting column (1101), a mounting plate (1103), a brake telescopic rod (1102), a brake air cylinder (1104), a first clamping plate (1105), a connecting fulcrum (1106), a brake disc (1108), a fixed seat (1111), a fixed side plate (1109) and a second clamping plate (1112);
the erection column (1101) is equipped with a plurality of, a plurality of erection column (1101) annular evenly distributed is in connecting pivot (704) side, and is a plurality of both ends all correspond with mounting bracket (702) about erection column (1101), mounting panel (1103) inner both sides all correspond with two of them erection column (1101) outside and are connected, fixing base (1111) outside is connected with mounting panel (1103) inboard middle part, fixing base (1111) inboard both ends all are connected with fixed curb plate (1109), first splint (1105) and second splint (1112) symmetric distribution are inside fixing base (1111), just first splint (1105) and second splint (1112) middle-end are rotated through connecting fulcrum (1106) and are connected, connecting fulcrum (1106) both ends pass fixed curb plate (1109) and correspond with fixed curb plate (1109) and be connected, brake cylinder (1104) and brake telescopic link (1102) all set up between first splint (1105) and second splint (1112) outside, brake inflator (1104) lower extreme is connected with first splint (1105) outside upper end, brake telescopic link (1102) lower extreme sets up in brake inflator (1104) inside and with brake inflator (1104) sliding connection, pass in the middle of brake disc (1108) and connect pivot (704) and be connected with connecting pivot (704), the brake disc (1108) outside sets up between first splint (1105) and second splint (1112) are inboard, first splint (1105) inboard upper end and second splint (1112) inboard lower extreme all are equipped with the brake and support piece (1107), still be equipped with reset spring (1110) between first splint (1105) and second splint (1112) middle-end, reset spring (1110) upper end is connected with second splint (1112), reset spring (1110) lower extreme is connected with first splint (1105).
5. A machining milling machine provided with a rotating mechanism according to claim 4, characterized in that: the moving assembly (3) comprises a track (303), a moving motor (301), a driving gear (302), a transmission gear (306), a guide wheel (305), a transmission shaft (307) and a moving frame (308);
the two tracks (303) are arranged, the two tracks (303) are distributed on the rear side of the lower end of the support frame (5) at intervals, the lower end of each track (303) is connected with the support frame (5), the moving frame (308) is arranged between the upper ends of the two tracks (303), four corners of the moving frame (308) are respectively provided with a guide wheel (305), each guide wheel (305) is rotatably connected with the moving frame (308) through a moving connecting rod (304), each guide wheel (305) is correspondingly and slidably connected with the upper end of the track (303), the moving motor (301) is arranged at one corner of the moving frame (308), the front end of the transmission shaft (307) penetrates through the moving frame (308) and is in transmission connection with the moving single machine (301), the transmission shaft (307) is rotatably connected with the moving frame (308), the driving gear (302) is arranged at the rear end of the transmission shaft (307), the front end of one guide wheel (305) is provided with a transmission gear (306), the transmission gear (306) is meshed with the driving gear (302), and baffles (309) are arranged on two sides of each track (303).
6. A machining milling machine provided with a rotating mechanism according to claim 5, characterized in that: the scrap removing component (4) comprises a supporting seat (406), an air duct (402), a supporting frame (410), a connecting main shaft (404), a scrap removing main belt wheel (408), a scrap removing auxiliary belt wheel (403), a scrap removing belt (407), a scrap removing motor (409) and an air outlet sleeve (401);
the lower end of the support frame (410) is connected with one side of the upper end of the movable frame (308), the scrap removing motor (409) is arranged on one side of the upper portion of the rear end of the support frame (410), the support seat (406) is arranged on one side of the upper portion of the front end of the support frame (410), the connecting main shaft (404) is arranged on the upper end of the support seat (406), the middle end of the connecting main shaft (404) is rotatably connected with the upper end of the support seat (406) through a fixed bearing seat (405), the scrap removing main belt wheel (408) is in transmission connection with one side of the scrap removing motor (409), the scrap removing auxiliary belt wheel (403) is arranged on one side of the connecting main shaft (404), the scrap removing main belt wheel (408) is in transmission connection with the scrap removing auxiliary belt wheel (403) through a scrap removing belt (407), the air duct (402) is arranged on the other side of the upper portion of the front end of the support frame (410), and the other, and the other side of the connecting main shaft (404) is provided with a plurality of annular fan blades which are uniformly distributed, and the rear end of the air outlet sleeve (401) is connected and communicated with the upper end of the air duct (402).
7. A machining milling machine provided with a rotating mechanism according to claim 6, characterized in that: both sides of the upper end of the placing table (8) are provided with fixed components (9), each fixed component (9) comprises a fixed cylinder (901), a mounting seat (902), a fixed sliding rod (903), a resisting plate (904) and a fixed telescopic rod (905), the lower end of the mounting seat (902) is connected with the upper end of the placing plate (801), one end of the fixed cylinder (901) is connected with one end of the mounting seat (902), one end of the fixed telescopic rod (905) passes through the mounting seat (902) and is arranged in the fixed cylinder (901), and the fixed telescopic rod (905) is connected with the mounting seat (902) and the fixed cylinder (901) in a sliding way, the middle part of one end of the abutting plate (904) is connected with the other end of the fixed telescopic rod (905), two sides of one end of the abutting plate (904) are connected with fixed sliding rods (903), and the other end of each fixed sliding rod (903) penetrates through the mounting seat (902) to be connected with the mounting seat (902) in a sliding mode.
8. A machining milling machine provided with a rotating mechanism according to claim 7, characterized in that: the lifting mechanism (1) comprises a lifting frame (103), a lifting cylinder (101), a lifting telescopic rod (102) and a lifting sliding plate (105), the lower end of the lifting cylinder (101) is connected with the middle part of the upper end of the lifting frame (103), the lifting telescopic rod (102) and the lifting sliding plate (105) are arranged inside the lifting frame (103), the upper end of the lifting telescopic rod (102) is arranged in the lifting cylinder (101) and is connected with the lifting cylinder (101) in a sliding way, the lower end of the lifting telescopic rod (102) is connected with the middle part of the rear side of the upper end of the lifting sliding plate (105) through a connecting cylinder (104), the power box is characterized in that sliding blocks are arranged on two sides of the rear end of the lifting sliding plate (105), sliding rails (106) are arranged on two sides of the inner rear end of the lifting frame (103), each sliding block corresponds to the corresponding sliding rail (106) and is connected with the corresponding sliding rail (106), and the power boxes (206) are annularly distributed in the middle of the front end of the lifting sliding plate (105).
9. A machining milling machine provided with a rotating mechanism according to claim 8, characterized in that: the transverse moving mechanism (6) comprises a transverse motor (607), a transverse threaded rod (606), a main sliding barrel (601), transverse sliding rods (605) and an auxiliary sliding barrel (604), the lower side of the front end of the transverse motor (607) is connected with the middle part of the rear side of the lower end of the support frame (5), the rear end of the transverse threaded rod (606) is in transmission connection with the front end of the transverse motor (607), the front end of the transverse threaded rod (606) is rotatably connected with the middle part of the front side of the lower end of the support frame (5) through a main bearing seat (602), the middle part of the lower end of the main sliding barrel (601) penetrates through the transverse threaded rod (606) and is rotatably connected with the transverse threaded rod (606), the upper end of the main sliding barrel (601) is connected with the middle part of the lower end of a mounting bottom plate (707), the transverse sliding rods (605) are arranged on two sides of the transverse threaded rod (606), the front end and the rear end of, the front end and the middle end of each transverse sliding rod (605) are respectively provided with an auxiliary sliding cylinder (604), the middle of the lower end of each auxiliary sliding cylinder (604) penetrates through the transverse sliding rod (605) and is in sliding connection with the transverse sliding rod (605), and the upper end of each auxiliary sliding cylinder (604) is connected with the lower end of the mounting bottom plate (707);
the longitudinal moving mechanism (10) comprises a longitudinal sliding plate (1003), a longitudinal motor (1007), a longitudinal fixing plate (1002), longitudinal sliding rods (1004) and a longitudinal threaded rod (1005), the rear side of one end of the longitudinal motor (1007) is connected with one side of the upper end of the support frame (5), one end of the longitudinal threaded rod (1005) is in transmission connection with one end of the longitudinal motor (1007) through a coupler (1006), the other end of the longitudinal threaded rod (1005) penetrates through the middle of the rear end of the longitudinal sliding plate (1003) and is in rotary connection with the longitudinal sliding plate (1003), the other end of the longitudinal threaded rod (1005) is in rotary connection with the other side of the upper end of the support frame (5) through the longitudinal fixing plate (1002), the longitudinal sliding rods (1004) are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the longitudinal threaded rod (1005), one end of each longitudinal sliding rod (1004) penetrates, two ends of each longitudinal sliding rod (1004) are respectively and correspondingly connected with two sides of the upper end of the supporting frame (5) through a longitudinal mounting seat (1001), and the front end of the longitudinal sliding plate (1003) is connected with the rear end of the lifting frame (103).
10. A machining method of a machining milling machine provided with a rotation mechanism according to claim 9, characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
s1, debugging equipment, starting a transverse motor (607) to drive a transverse threaded rod (606) to rotate, driving a main sliding barrel (601) to move by the transverse threaded rod (606), checking whether a placing table (8) shakes in the moving process, starting a rotating motor (708) to drive a connecting rotating shaft (704) to rotate, checking whether the placing table (8) shakes in the rotating process, starting a longitudinal motor (1007) to drive a longitudinal threaded rod (1005) to rotate, checking whether a longitudinal sliding plate (1003) shakes in the moving process, starting a lifting cylinder (101) to drive a lifting telescopic rod (102) to extend, checking whether a lifting sliding plate (105) shakes in the lifting process, simultaneously starting a multiplex processing cylinder (201), driving a processing telescopic rod (203) to extend, driving a sliding rod (210) to slide by the processing telescopic rod (203), checking whether a cutter seat (208) shakes, starting a power device, driving a sliding rod (210) to rotate by the power device, and checking whether a cutter seat (208) rotates or not;
s2, placing the machined parts on a placing table (8) through transportation equipment, simultaneously starting two fixing assemblies (9), driving a fixing telescopic rod (905) to slide by a fixing cylinder (901), and driving a butting plate (904) to butt against the side faces of the machined parts by the fixing telescopic rod (905);
s3, the part is milled in a rotating mode, when an arc-shaped groove is milled, a rotating motor (708) is started to drive a main belt wheel (705) to rotate, the main belt wheel (705) drives a secondary belt wheel (703) to rotate through a belt (706), the secondary belt wheel (703) drives a placing table (8) to rotate at a certain angular speed through a connecting rotating shaft (704), when the special-shaped groove is milled, a transverse motor (607) needs to be started simultaneously to drive a transverse threaded rod (606) to rotate, the transverse threaded rod (606) drives a rotating mechanism (7) to move at a certain speed, and the special-shaped groove is milled through matching with the rotating mechanism (7);
s4, the processing removes the bits, start to remove bits motor (409) and drive and connect main shaft (404) and rotate, it rotates with dryer (402) cooperation to connect main shaft (404) to drive the flabellum and produce the strong wind, the strong wind blows the processing part on placing platform (8) through air-out sleeve (401), start moving motor (301) simultaneously and drive driving gear (302) and drive gear (306) meshing rotation, drive gear (306) drive guide pulley (305) and remove, guide pulley (305) drive removes and puts up (308) and remove repeatedly, blow the face of working comprehensively, blow off remaining sweeps on the processing part.
CN202110424314.4A 2021-04-20 2021-04-20 Machining milling machine with rotating mechanism and machining method thereof Pending CN113084540A (en)

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