CN113044533A - Unstacking device and unstacking method - Google Patents

Unstacking device and unstacking method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113044533A
CN113044533A CN202110266925.0A CN202110266925A CN113044533A CN 113044533 A CN113044533 A CN 113044533A CN 202110266925 A CN202110266925 A CN 202110266925A CN 113044533 A CN113044533 A CN 113044533A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveying
station
disassembling
unstacking
driving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202110266925.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李政德
刘霞
武杰
戴冬冬
霍英杰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Austong Intelligent Robot Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Austong Intelligent Robot Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Austong Intelligent Robot Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Austong Intelligent Robot Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN202110266925.0A priority Critical patent/CN113044533A/en
Publication of CN113044533A publication Critical patent/CN113044533A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/52Devices for transferring articles or materials between conveyors i.e. discharging or feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G23/00Driving gear for endless conveyors; Belt- or chain-tensioning arrangements
    • B65G23/02Belt- or chain-engaging elements
    • B65G23/04Drums, rollers, or wheels

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • De-Stacking Of Articles (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a unstacking device, which is characterized in that two adjacent stations are arranged on an execution unit, one station is used for receiving a load tray, the other station is used for receiving disassembled articles and transporting the disassembled articles to the next station, and the disassembly station and the conveying station are close to each other, so that the movement distance of a disassembly mechanism is reduced; secondly still be provided with the second conveying mechanism who is used for removing empty tray on disassembling the station, disassemble finishing when the article, can remove empty tray fast, improved the efficiency of breaking a jam greatly.

Description

Unstacking device and unstacking method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of disassembly and assembly in the logistics industry, in particular to a destacking device and a destacking method.
Background
Along with the mass sales of fast-consumed products such as milk, beverages, wines and the like, pressure is brought to the loading and transportation industry. The produced fast-food products such as milk and the like are all stored in a stacking mode, usually carried by using a tray, disassembled into individuals, coded into a specific arrangement mode according to the compartment space and the commodity shape, reloaded according to a certain rule, and transported after being loaded.
In the prior art, after the tray is disassembled from the tray, the empty tray can not be quickly moved out, so that the tray disassembling efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an unstacking device and an unstacking method aiming at the problems in the prior art.
The utility model provides a device breaks a jam, includes pan feeding unit, execution unit, ejection of compact unit and empty tray receiving arrangement, pan feeding unit, execution unit, ejection of compact unit arrange in proper order, execution unit includes the frame, frame upper portion is provided with disassembles the mechanism, the frame lower part has set gradually along the pan feeding direction and has disassembled station and article and carry the station, disassemble and be provided with the first conveying mechanism along the setting of pan feeding direction on the station, still be provided with the second conveying mechanism of perpendicular to pan feeding direction, article are carried the station and are included the third conveying mechanism along the setting of pan feeding direction, empty tray receiving arrangement is along first conveying mechanism direction of delivery and the adjacent setting of station of disassembling.
Preferably, the first conveying mechanism comprises tray positioning chains on two sides and a plurality of conveying rollers positioned in the middle of the tray positioning chains.
Preferably, a plurality of the conveying rollers form a conveying roller group, and the second conveying mechanism is a conveying chain which is perpendicular to the feeding direction and arranged between the conveying roller groups.
Preferably, the device further comprises a detection device and a control unit, the detection device and the disassembling mechanism are connected with the control unit, the execution unit further comprises a first driving mechanism for driving the first conveying mechanism, a second driving mechanism for driving the second conveying mechanism, and a third driving mechanism for driving the third conveying mechanism, and the first driving mechanism, the second driving mechanism and the third driving mechanism are all connected with the control unit.
Preferably, the third conveying mechanism is a conveyor belt.
Preferably, the disassembly station further comprises a positioning device.
The unstacking method adopting the unstacking device comprises the following steps: when the detection device detects that the materials are fed on the disassembling station, the control unit controls the positioning device to position the tray, controls the disassembling mechanism to disassemble the stack, places the disassembled articles on the article conveying station by the disassembling mechanism, and controls the second driving mechanism to drive the second conveying mechanism to act; when the detection unit detects that the unstacking is finished, the control unit controls the positioning device to unlock the tray and controls the first driving mechanism to drive the first conveying mechanism to act.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
firstly, two adjacent stations are arranged on an execution unit, one station is used for receiving a load tray, and the other station is used for receiving disassembled articles and transporting the disassembled articles to the next station; secondly, still be provided with the second conveying mechanism who is used for moving out empty tray on disassembling the station, when article are disassembled and are accomplished, can shift out empty tray fast, improved tear a set efficiency greatly.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic overall view of the unstacking apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a disassembling station of the invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1, a unstacking device comprises a feeding unit (not shown), an executing unit 1, a discharging unit 2 and an empty tray receiving device 3, wherein the feeding unit, the executing unit 1 and the discharging unit 2 are sequentially arranged, a tray carries an article to be disassembled, the article to be disassembled enters the executing unit 1 through the feeding unit to be disassembled, the disassembled article is conveyed to the discharging unit 2, and the empty tray is received by the empty tray receiving device 3. The execution unit 1 comprises a frame 13, a disassembling mechanism 14 is arranged on the upper portion of the frame 13, a disassembling station 11 and an article conveying station 12 are sequentially arranged on the lower portion of the frame 13 along a feeding direction, and the disassembling station 11 can further comprise a positioning device for positioning a tray. The article transport station 12 includes a third transport mechanism 121 disposed along the feeding direction, and the third transport mechanism 121 may be a conveyor belt. The empty tray receiving means 3 are arranged adjacent to the dismantling station 11 in the feeding direction.
Referring to fig. 2, a first conveying mechanism arranged along the feeding direction is arranged on the disassembling station 11, the first conveying mechanism includes tray positioning chains 111 on two sides and a plurality of conveying rollers 112 located in the middle of the tray positioning chains 111, and the plurality of conveying rollers 112 form a conveying roller group. The disassembling station 11 is further provided with a second conveying mechanism 113 perpendicular to the feeding direction, and the second conveying mechanism 113 is a conveying chain arranged between the conveying roller sets perpendicular to the feeding direction.
The unstacking device further comprises a detection device and a control unit, wherein the detection device and the disassembling mechanism 14 are connected with the control unit, the execution unit 1 further comprises a first driving mechanism for driving the first conveying mechanism, a second driving mechanism for driving the second conveying mechanism and a third driving mechanism for driving the third conveying mechanism, and the first driving mechanism, the second driving mechanism and the third driving mechanism are all connected with the control unit.
The unstacking method adopting the unstacking device comprises the following steps:
when the detection device detects that the materials are fed on the disassembling station, the control unit controls the positioning device to position the tray, controls the disassembling mechanism to disassemble the tray, places the disassembled articles into the article conveying station by the disassembling mechanism, and controls the second driving mechanism to drive the second conveying mechanism to act; when the detection unit detects that the tray detaching is finished, the control unit controls the positioning device to unlock the tray and controls the first driving mechanism to drive the first conveying mechanism to act.
The above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical idea of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention cannot be limited thereby, and any modification made on the basis of the technical scheme according to the technical idea proposed by the present invention falls within the protection scope of the present invention; the technology not related to the invention can be realized by the prior art.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a device breaks a jam, includes pan feeding unit, execution unit, ejection of compact unit and empty tray receiving arrangement, pan feeding unit, execution unit, ejection of compact unit arrange its characterized in that in proper order:
the execution unit comprises a frame, the upper portion of the frame is provided with a disassembling mechanism, the lower portion of the frame is sequentially provided with a disassembling station and an article conveying station along the feeding direction, the disassembling station is provided with a first conveying mechanism arranged along the feeding direction, the second conveying mechanism perpendicular to the feeding direction is further arranged, the article conveying station comprises a third conveying mechanism arranged along the feeding direction, and the empty tray receiving device is arranged adjacent to the disassembling station along the first conveying mechanism conveying direction.
2. An unstacking apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein: the first conveying mechanism comprises tray positioning chains on two sides and a plurality of conveying rollers positioned in the middle of the tray positioning chains.
3. An unstacking apparatus as claimed in claim 2 wherein: the conveying rollers form conveying roller groups, and the second conveying mechanism is a conveying chain which is perpendicular to the feeding direction and arranged between the conveying roller groups.
4. An unstacking apparatus as claimed in claim 3 wherein: the device comprises a detection device and a control unit, wherein the detection device and the disassembling mechanism are connected with the control unit, the execution unit further comprises a first driving mechanism for driving the first conveying mechanism, a second driving mechanism for driving the second conveying mechanism and a third driving mechanism for driving the third conveying mechanism, and the first driving mechanism, the second driving mechanism and the third driving mechanism are all connected with the control unit.
5. An unstacking apparatus as claimed in claim 4 wherein: the third conveying mechanism is a conveying belt.
6. An unstacking apparatus as claimed in claim 5 wherein: the disassembly station further comprises a positioning device.
7. A method of unstacking using the unstacking apparatus of claim 6:
when the detection device detects that the materials are fed on the disassembling station, the control unit controls the positioning device to position the tray, controls the disassembling mechanism to disassemble the stack, places the disassembled articles on the article conveying station by the disassembling mechanism, and controls the second driving mechanism to drive the second conveying mechanism to act; when the detection unit detects that the unstacking is finished, the control unit controls the positioning device to unlock the tray and controls the first driving mechanism to drive the first conveying mechanism to act.
CN202110266925.0A 2021-03-11 2021-03-11 Unstacking device and unstacking method Pending CN113044533A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110266925.0A CN113044533A (en) 2021-03-11 2021-03-11 Unstacking device and unstacking method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110266925.0A CN113044533A (en) 2021-03-11 2021-03-11 Unstacking device and unstacking method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN113044533A true CN113044533A (en) 2021-06-29

Family

ID=76511591

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202110266925.0A Pending CN113044533A (en) 2021-03-11 2021-03-11 Unstacking device and unstacking method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113044533A (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1541919A (en) * 2003-11-09 2004-11-03 昆明昆船物流信息产业有限公司 Disk-dispersing provisional storage type robot pile breaking system
CN108750692A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-11-06 合肥泰禾光电科技股份有限公司 Cargo conveys loading system and cargo conveys loading method
CN108750725A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-11-06 合肥泰禾光电科技股份有限公司 loading system and method
CN210709675U (en) * 2019-07-15 2020-06-09 镇江铭威机械有限公司 Bagged material unstacking and loading equipment

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1541919A (en) * 2003-11-09 2004-11-03 昆明昆船物流信息产业有限公司 Disk-dispersing provisional storage type robot pile breaking system
CN108750692A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-11-06 合肥泰禾光电科技股份有限公司 Cargo conveys loading system and cargo conveys loading method
CN108750725A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-11-06 合肥泰禾光电科技股份有限公司 loading system and method
CN210709675U (en) * 2019-07-15 2020-06-09 镇江铭威机械有限公司 Bagged material unstacking and loading equipment

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Application publication date: 20210629