CN112944430B - Energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on air energy heat pump - Google Patents

Energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on air energy heat pump Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN112944430B
CN112944430B CN202110266837.0A CN202110266837A CN112944430B CN 112944430 B CN112944430 B CN 112944430B CN 202110266837 A CN202110266837 A CN 202110266837A CN 112944430 B CN112944430 B CN 112944430B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
air outlet
air
hot water
channel
energy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202110266837.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN112944430A (en
Inventor
陈金芳
胡雪明
王振阳
朱金生
毛兆众
俞甘宁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hangzhou Chengtou Construction Co ltd
Original Assignee
Hangzhou Chengtou Construction Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hangzhou Chengtou Construction Co ltd filed Critical Hangzhou Chengtou Construction Co ltd
Priority to CN202110266837.0A priority Critical patent/CN112944430B/en
Publication of CN112944430A publication Critical patent/CN112944430A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN112944430B publication Critical patent/CN112944430B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D3/00Hot-water central heating systems
    • F24D3/18Hot-water central heating systems using heat pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D19/00Details
    • F24D19/10Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F24D19/1006Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices for water heating systems
    • F24D19/1009Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices for water heating systems for central heating
    • F24D19/1039Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices for water heating systems for central heating the system uses a heat pump
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/0008Control or safety arrangements for air-humidification
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • F24F11/63Electronic processing
    • F24F11/64Electronic processing using pre-stored data
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/89Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F6/00Air-humidification, e.g. cooling by humidification
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • F24F2110/20Humidity
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/12Hot water central heating systems using heat pumps

Abstract

The invention provides an energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on an air energy heat pump, which comprises: the system comprises a house main body, an air energy heat pump unit, a heating unit and a hot water supply unit; through the setting of reposition of redundant personnel pipeline in the wind channel control list and the effect of control ring, realize dividing the gas branch of same air inlet pipe way to different exports, utilize the different devices that set up in each export to reach different functions and use, function such as indoor heating, hot water, stoving, electricity generation, cooperation temperature humidity transducer realizes the purpose of automatic regulation and control indoor temperature humidity.

Description

Energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on air energy heat pump
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of air energy applied to constructional engineering, in particular to an energy-saving building site heating system based on an air energy heat pump.
Background
The traditional hot water system for the construction site mostly adopts a solar energy or electric water heater to be installed indoors for taking hot water, however, the traditional water heater (a solar water heater, an electric water heater and a fuel/gas water heater) has the defects of large energy consumption, high cost, serious pollution, potential safety hazard and the like;
at present, solar energy and energy sources such as a heat pump, gas, electricity, biomass energy and the like are increasingly commonly used in a complementary mode, but the technical requirements for matching and energy consumption control among different energy source technologies are high, and the effect of low power consumption cannot be achieved due to the fact that the combined technology is immature at present; the air-source heat pump generates heat energy by utilizing low-grade heat energy contained in air, consumes less electric energy to generate more heat energy, and is increasingly used in the technical fields of heating, heating and the like.
Chinese patent CN 111076420A discloses an energy-saving and water-saving building site hot water system based on an air energy heat pump and a construction method thereof, and the system comprises an air energy heat pump unit, a heat preservation water tank, a circulating water pump, a booster water supply pump, a circulating pipeline, a cold water pipeline, a hot water pipeline, a water supply pipeline, an IC card water taking device and an electric cabinet, and is efficient and energy-saving, the air energy heat pump can fully absorb heat in the air only by needing a small amount of electric energy, the heat preservation water tank with good function is arranged in the air energy heat pump hot water system, the heat loss is reduced, and the consumption of the electric energy is further reduced; the environment is protected, no harmful substance is generated, and the environment is not polluted; the air energy heat pump equipment is safe, and is clearly divided from water and electricity in the construction process, so that the phenomenon of electric leakage or electric shock cannot occur; the IC card water taking device intelligently meters water, greatly enhances the water saving consciousness of water consumers, ensures the utilization rate of water sources and saves water resources.
The technical scheme solves the technical problem of quantitative water taking and saving on the construction site only through a corresponding water taking scheme, and the combination of the heat of air energy and a hot water system is not deeply researched to be fully utilized; because the energy consumption of indoor heating and hot water consumption is great in winter in the building site, how to intelligently adjust the heating according to the use demand and the somatosensory comfort level and reasonably convert the energy change generated in the adjusting process in the intelligent adjusting process to be applied to a hot water system so as to achieve the effects of avoiding heat loss and optimizing the heat utilization to the greatest extent, and the heat-energy conversion and heat-energy conversion system is one of measures for reducing the production cost and realizing green construction of the current building construction unit.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provides an energy-saving and water-saving hot water system based on an air energy heat pump for a construction site.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
energy-conserving water conservation building site hot water system based on air energy heat pump, its characterized in that includes: the system comprises a house main body, an air energy heat pump unit, a heating unit and a hot water supply unit;
the heating unit is arranged between two adjacent rooms in the house main body and is communicated with the air energy heat pump unit through an air inlet pipeline; the heating unit comprises two groups of heating panels respectively arranged in the two rooms and an air channel control unit arranged above the corresponding heating panels;
the air channel control unit comprises a shunt pipeline arranged at the top end of the corresponding heating panel, a control ring arranged at the top end of the shunt pipeline and a driving motor arranged at the top end of the heating panel and used for controlling the control ring to rotate; the top end of the control ring is connected with one end of the air inlet pipeline; an upper air outlet channel, a lower air outlet channel, a hot water air supply channel and a sealing position are sequentially arranged in the flow dividing pipeline along the clockwise direction;
the heating panel is provided with an upper air outlet, a lower air outlet and a containing cavity positioned between the upper air outlet and the lower air outlet; the upper air outlet is communicated with the upper air outlet channel; the lower air outlet is communicated with the lower air outlet channel;
the accommodating cavities on the two groups of heating panels form a closed heat preservation cavity for installing the hot water supply unit; the hot water supply unit comprises a heat exchange pipe arranged in the heat insulation cavity, and the heat insulation cavity is communicated with a hot water supply channel; one end of the heat exchange pipe is communicated with a tap water pipe, and the other end of the heat exchange pipe is respectively connected with a water outlet pipeline and arranged in the two rooms;
the upper air outlet channel, the lower air outlet channel, the hot water air supply channel, the closing position and the on-off of the air inlet pipeline are switched by the rotation of the control ring, so that the work of the upper air outlet, the lower air outlet and the hot water supply unit on the heating panel is controlled.
As an improvement, a pipeline installation channel is vertically arranged in the heating panel at a position below the air channel control unit; the upper air outlet is communicated with the upper air outlet channel through a pipeline a; the lower air outlet is communicated with the lower air outlet channel through a pipeline b; the heat preservation cavity is communicated with a hot water air supply channel through a pipeline c.
As an improvement, when the driving motor drives the control ring to rotate so that the air inlet pipeline is communicated with the lower air outlet channel, hot air moves upwards to quickly heat the indoor space;
when the air inlet pipeline is communicated with the hot water air supply channel and the upper air outlet channel at the same time, the lower air outlet is closed at the same time, the air quantity of the upper air outlet is reduced, the indoor set temperature is maintained, and the excess heat air is introduced into the heat preservation cavity to heat the heat exchanger in the heat preservation cavity;
the driving motor drives the control ring to rotate, the closed position breaks off the communication state of the air inlet pipeline and the shunt pipeline, and the corresponding room stops supplying heat.
As an improvement, the air conditioner also comprises a temperature sensor and a humidity sensor which are arranged on the heating panel, wherein the temperature sensor and the humidity sensor are arranged between the lower air outlet and the upper air outlet; and the temperature sensor and the humidity sensor are electrically connected with a driving motor of the air channel control unit to control the indoor temperature, humidity and wind outlet direction in real time.
As an improvement, the control ring is rotatably sleeved outside the air outlet ends of the diversion pipeline and the air inlet pipeline, and sealing strips are arranged at two ends of the inner diameter of the control ring.
As an improvement, the control ring is a hollow cylinder, the middle part of the cylinder is provided with a control plate, the control plate is provided with an air outlet b, the middle part of the outer diameter surface of the control ring is provided with a driven gear in transmission connection with a driving motor, and when the control ring rotates, the air outlet b can be communicated with any one channel or two adjacent channels of the upper air outlet channel, the lower air outlet channel and the hot water air supply channel.
As a further improvement, the shape of the air outlet b is a sector, and the sector area of the air outlet b is equal to the cross-sectional area of any one of the upper air outlet channel, the lower air outlet channel and the hot water air supply channel.
As an improvement, an air outlet hole c is formed in one end, far away from the end communicated with the hot water air supply channel, of the heating panel; the peripheral wall of the house main body is provided with a hollow annular channel, and the annular channel is provided with an air inlet hole and an air outlet hole a; and the air outlet hole c is communicated with an air inlet hole of the annular channel.
As an improvement, the heating device also comprises a humidifier, wherein the humidifier is arranged at the top end of one side of the heating panel, and an air outlet of the humidifier extends into the upper air outlet; the top end of the humidifier is provided with a switch for controlling the humidifier to work; the switch is in contact with a shifting plate arranged below the driven gear;
when the driven gear drives the control ring to rotate so that the air outlet b is communicated with the upper air outlet channel, the shifting plate is contacted with the switch at the moment, and the humidifier starts to work synchronously.
As an improvement, the humidifier is communicated with the water outlet end of the heat exchange tube in the heat insulation cavity through a pipeline, and the on-off of the pipeline is controlled through an electromagnetic valve; and a liquid level sensor is arranged in the humidifier.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the air source heat pump is used for providing heat, the energy in the air is converted into heat energy, hot air and hot water are provided for a house in a building site in winter, the inner wall of the building house is designed into the heating panels which are arranged side by side, and the air channel control unit arranged on each heating panel, the functional structure design on the panel and the automatic detection functions of the temperature sensor and the humidity sensor are combined, so that the heat transmission can be intelligently adjusted according to the use requirements of each room, the heat utilization is optimized to the maximum degree while the somatosensory comfort degree of people is improved, the overall structure of the house is not changed greatly, the structure is simple, the building construction cost is saved, and the energy consumption is reduced;
(2) according to the invention, the heating panel of each room realizes that the gas in the same air inlet pipeline is divided into different outlets through the arrangement of the shunt pipeline in the air channel control unit and the action of the control ring, different devices arranged in the outlets are utilized to achieve different functions, and the purpose of automatically regulating and controlling the indoor temperature and humidity is realized;
(3) the heating panel is automatically switched under different temperature and humidity states by utilizing the arrangement of the upper air outlet and the lower air outlet and matching with the detection of the temperature sensor and the humidity sensor and the air channel control unit; hot air is introduced along the lower air outlet preferentially to carry out centralized heating indoors, so that the heating efficiency is improved; when the room temperature reaches a certain set value, the temperature sensor sends a signal to the driving motor to drive the control ring to rotate, so that the air inlet pipeline is simultaneously communicated with the hot water air supply channel and the upper air outlet channel, the air quantity of the upper air outlet is reduced, and meanwhile, the residual heat air is introduced into the heat preservation cavity to supply heat to a hot water system in the heat preservation cavity, so that the indoor body feeling comfort level is improved and the hot water use is provided; the problem that the service life of the air energy heat pump is shortened due to frequent power switching or closing of the air energy heat pump is solved;
(4) the heating panel is additionally provided with the function of the humidifier, when the lower air outlet performs centralized heating to the indoor to set temperature, the automatic work of the humidifier is controlled by utilizing the switching process of the air outlet due to low indoor humidity, and the closing of the humidifier is intelligently controlled by combining the real-time monitoring of the humidity sensor;
(5) according to the invention, the annular channel of the house main body is arranged, so that the exchange between the external temperature and the indoor temperature is reduced, and meanwhile, the waste heat air in the heat insulation cavity is introduced into the annular channel to perform annular heat insulation on the house, so that the heat insulation performance of the house main body is improved; residual temperature gas in the annular channel is introduced into the power generation tower, and the power fan is driven to rotate rapidly through venturi acceleration, and the power fan drives the generator to rotate to generate power, so that the circulating efficient utilization of energy is realized;
(6) in the invention, the generated waste heat gas enters the air energy heat pump unit through the pipeline, so that the heating efficiency of the air energy heat pump unit is improved;
in conclusion, the invention has the advantages of energy saving, high heating efficiency, integrated house and the like, so that the low-energy-consumption clean building is realized.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a rear side schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an internal view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the main structure of the house of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a heating panel according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the back structure of the heating panel of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the thermal insulation chamber of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the heating unit of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic top view of the shunt tubes of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic axial view of the shunt tubes of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the hot water supply unit according to the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the heat exchange tube of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of an air duct control unit according to the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic diagram of a control loop configuration of the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the duct control unit linking the duct status according to the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a partial cross-sectional view of a duct control unit according to the present invention;
FIG. 17 is a schematic view of the humidifier of the present invention;
FIG. 18 is a schematic structural view of a power generation unit according to the present invention;
FIG. 19 is a schematic view of a communication structure between a lower outlet channel and an inlet pipeline according to the present invention;
FIG. 20 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention in which the upper air outlet channel and the hot water supply channel are simultaneously communicated with the air inlet pipeline;
FIG. 21 is a schematic view of a humidifier in a closed state according to the present invention;
FIG. 22 is a schematic view of the communication structure between the closed position and the air inlet pipeline of the present invention;
FIG. 23 is a schematic view of the two sets of closed positions and corresponding intake pipes communicating with each other according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", and the like, indicate orientations and positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the equipment or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be considered as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
Example one
As shown in 1-7, the invention provides an energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on an air energy heat pump, which comprises a house main body 1, an air energy heat pump unit 2, a heating unit 3 and a hot water supply unit 4;
the heating unit 3 is arranged between two adjacent rooms in the house main body 1 and is communicated with the air energy heat pump unit 2 through an air inlet pipeline 21; the heating unit 3 comprises two groups of heating panels 31 respectively arranged in two rooms and an air channel control unit 32 arranged above the corresponding heating panels 31;
as shown in fig. 8-10, the air duct control unit 32 includes a branch duct 321 disposed at a top end of the corresponding heating panel 31, a control ring 322 disposed at a top end of the branch duct 321, and a driving motor 323 disposed at a top end of the heating panel 31 and used for controlling rotation of the control ring 322; the top end of the control ring 322 is connected with one end of the air inlet pipeline 21; an upper air outlet channel 3211, a lower air outlet channel 3212, a hot water air supply channel 3213 and a sealing position 3214 are sequentially arranged in the flow dividing pipeline 321 along the clockwise direction;
the heating panel 31 is provided with an upper air outlet 311, a lower air outlet 312 and a cavity 332 located therebetween; the upper air outlet 311 is communicated with an upper air outlet channel 3211; the lower air outlet 312 is communicated with a lower air outlet channel 3212;
as shown in fig. 7 and 11-12, the cavities 332 on the two groups of heating panels 31 form a closed heat preservation cavity 33 for installing the hot water supply unit 4, and heat preservation cotton is arranged around the heat preservation cavity 33; the hot water supply unit 4 comprises a heat exchange pipe 41 arranged in the heat preservation cavity 33, and the heat preservation cavity 33 is communicated with a hot water supply channel 3213; one end of the heat exchange pipe 41 is communicated with a tap water pipe, and the other end of the heat exchange pipe is respectively connected with a water outlet pipeline and arranged in the two rooms;
by the rotation of the control ring 322, the on-off of the upper air outlet channel 3211, the lower air outlet channel 3212, the hot water air supply channel 3213, the closing position 3214 and the air inlet pipeline 21 are switched, so as to control the operation of the upper air outlet 311, the lower air outlet 312 and the hot water supply unit 4 on the heating panel 31;
the air energy heat pump unit 2 is arranged outside the house main body 1; the air energy heat pump unit 2 absorbs and compresses air, the temperature of the compressed air is raised, heat is dissipated by the heat exchanger, and hot air is driven by the fan to be introduced into the air inlet pipeline 21 and is transmitted to a room for heating or collecting hot water;
preferably, as shown in fig. 11 and 15, a duct installation channel 317 is vertically opened in the heating panel 31 at a position below the air duct control unit 32; the upper air outlet 311 is communicated with an upper air outlet channel 3211 through a pipeline a 3171; the lower air outlet 312 is communicated with a lower air outlet channel 3212 through a pipeline b 3172; the heat preservation chamber 33 is communicated with a hot water supply channel 3213 through a pipeline c 3173.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 8, the air conditioner further includes a temperature sensor 314 and a humidity sensor 315 provided on the heating panel 31, wherein the temperature sensor 314 and the humidity sensor 315 are provided between the lower outlet 312 and the upper outlet 311; the height of the sensor is preferably 1.2-1.5 meters away from the ground; the temperature sensor 314 and the humidity sensor 315 are connected to a driving motor 323 of the air duct control unit 32, and control the indoor temperature, humidity and air outlet direction in real time.
It should be noted that, the invention performs rapid centralized heating on the room through the lower air outlet 312 on the heating panel 31, and combines the height setting of the lower air outlet 312 on the inner wall body, so that people can achieve preferential heating in the height area of the room, and the time for people to reach comfortable temperature in the room is greatly shortened; however, when the temperature in the room reaches the set temperature, if the lower air outlet 312 continues to blow hot air directly, the indoor air will be very dry, the comfort level will be greatly reduced, and at this time, the upper air outlet 311 only needs to be opened to maintain the indoor temperature; because the house main body adopts the annular heat insulation structure, the indoor heat loss is small, the heat insulation effect is good, the indoor temperature can be kept constant by only outputting small air quantity from the upper air outlet 311, and redundant heat can be directly conveyed to a hot water system for use in the function switching process, so that the use requirements of heating and hot water can be met simultaneously.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 9 to 10, the control ring 322 is a hollow cylinder, a control plate 3224 is disposed in the middle of the cylinder, an air outlet b3223 is disposed on the control plate 3224, a driven gear 3221 in transmission connection with the driving motor 323 is disposed in the middle of an outer diameter surface of the control ring 322, and when the control ring 322 rotates, the air outlet b3223 may be communicated with any one of the upper air outlet channel 3211, the lower air outlet channel 3212, and the hot water air supply channel 3213 or two adjacent channels.
As an improvement, as shown in fig. 14 and 16, the control ring 322 is rotatably sleeved outside the air outlet ends of the branch pipe 321 and the air inlet pipe 21, and two ends of the inner diameter of the control ring 322 are provided with sealing strips 3225, so that a sealing state of a connection between the air inlet pipe 21 and the branch pipe 321 and the control ring 322 is always maintained in a rotating process of the control ring 322.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 14, the air outlet holes b3223 are fan-shaped, and the area of the fan shape is equal to the cross-sectional areas of the upper air outlet channel 3211, the lower air outlet channel 3212 and the hot water air supply channel 3213, so that when the air outlet holes b3223 are communicated with one air outlet channel, the air outlet holes b3223 are not communicated with the adjacent air outlet channels, thereby improving the conveying efficiency.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 4 and 6, an air outlet hole c331 is formed at one end of the heating panel 31, which is far away from the end communicating with the hot water supply passage 3213; the peripheral wall of the house main body 1 is provided with a hollow annular channel 11, and the annular channel 11 is provided with an air inlet hole 12 and an air outlet hole a 13; the air outlet hole c331 is communicated with the air inlet hole 12 of the annular channel 11;
preferably, as shown in fig. 8, a one-way valve 14 is arranged outside the air outlet hole c 331; the one-way valve only allows gas to pass through the one-way valve 14 along the outlet hole c331 into the annular channel 11 in the wall.
In addition, as shown in fig. 8, the outlets of the upper air outlet 311 and the lower air outlet 312 are both provided with a reversing adjusting component 313; a switch panel 316 is arranged on one side of the heating panel 31;
wherein, switching-over adjusting part 313 includes left and right regulating plate 3131 and upper and lower regulating plate 3132, left and right regulating plate 3131 and upper and lower regulating plate 3132 all drive the automatically regulated through adjusting motor, change the regulation mode and adopt air conditioner air outlet department regulation mode, and concrete principle this embodiment is not being repeated.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 11, 13 and 17, the air conditioner further includes a humidifier 5, the humidifier 5 is disposed at a top end of one side of the heating panel 31, and an air outlet 51 of the humidifier 5 extends into the upper air outlet 311; the top end of the humidifier 5 is provided with a switch 52 for controlling the humidifier to work; the switch 52 is arranged in contact with a dial plate 3222 arranged below the driven gear 3221; the internal structure and the working principle of the humidifier 5 are known technologies, and the details of the principle are omitted;
one end of the dial plate 3222 is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the control ring 322, the bottom end of the dial plate 3222 is arranged in a V shape, and the switch 52 is moved up and down by matching with a contact end arranged in a spherical shape at the top end of the switch 52 and a spring arranged at the bottom of the switch 52, so as to control the humidifier 5 to be turned on and off;
when the driven gear 3221 drives the control ring 322 to rotate so as to communicate the air outlet b3223 with the upper air outlet channel 3211, the dial plate 3222 contacts the switch 52 at this time, and the humidifier starts to work.
Preferably, the water storage tank of the humidifier 5 is communicated with the water outlet end of the heat exchange tube 41 in the heat preservation chamber 33 through a pipeline, and the on-off of the pipeline is controlled through an electromagnetic valve 54; a liquid level sensor 53 is arranged in the humidifier 5.
It should be noted that when the liquid level in the water storage tank of the humidifier 5 is lower than the set value, the liquid level sensor 53 sends a signal, at this time, the electromagnetic valve 54 is opened, the hot water in the heat exchange pipe 41 flows into the humidifier 5, and the effect of the hot water humidification solves the problem of reducing the temperature in the room when the cold water humidification is performed.
In addition, as shown in fig. 19, when the system is opened for the first time, the driving motor 323 drives the control ring 322 to rotate, so that the air inlet pipeline 21 is communicated with the lower air outlet channel 3212, and other channels are blocked, so that heat is intensively blown out from the lower air outlet, and the hot air moves upwards to rapidly heat the indoor space;
as shown in fig. 20, when the indoor temperature exceeds the set comfortable temperature, in order to improve the comfort of human body, the temperature sensor 314 sends a signal to the driving motor 323 to drive the control ring 322 to rotate, so that the air inlet pipeline 21 is communicated with the hot water air supply channel 3213 and the upper air outlet channel 3211 at the same time, so that the lower air outlet is closed, people do not directly blow hot air any more, and only the upper air outlet 311 needs to be opened to keep a small amount of air to maintain the indoor temperature, in this adjusting process, the amount of air at the upper air outlet 311 is reduced while hot air can be introduced into the heat preservation cavity 33 to heat the heat exchanger, thereby supplying heat to the hot water system.
Meanwhile, the humidity sensor 315 detects indoor humidity in real time, when the humidifier needs to be turned on, the humidity sensor 315 sends a signal to the driving motor 323, the driving motor drives the control ring 322 to rotate synchronously with the dial plate 3222, the dial plate 3222 is in contact with the switch 52 of the humidifier, and the humidifier starts to work to humidify the room reaching the temperature;
the air quantity flowing into the room is reduced through two-way shunting, so that the heat preservation effect is achieved; the environment with certain humidity and temperature is provided, and the body feeling comfort level of people is improved; and when hot water is needed, the water taps in two adjacent rooms can directly discharge the hot water for use.
As shown in fig. 21, when the humidity exceeds the comfort range, the humidity sensor 315 sends a signal to the driving motor 323 to drive the control ring 322 to rotate by a certain angle, so that the dial plate 3222 is disconnected from the switch 52 of the humidifier, and the humidifier stops working;
as shown in fig. 22, when heating is not needed indoors, the driving motor 323 drives the control ring 322 to rotate, and the closing position 3214 disconnects the communication state between the air inlet pipeline 21 and the diversion pipeline 321, and stops heating in the room; as shown in fig. 22, when the two rooms do not need to be heated, the top ends of the two shifting plates 3222 are simultaneously and respectively contacted with the proximity switch 3231 disposed below the driving motor 323, and the proximity switch 3231 sends a signal to intelligently control the air-source heat pump unit 2 to stop working.
Example two
As shown in fig. 3 and 8, wherein the same or corresponding components as in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals as in the first embodiment, only the differences from the first embodiment will be described below for the sake of convenience. The second embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that:
in this embodiment, the drying device further comprises a drying unit 6; the drying unit 6 is arranged on one side of the heating panel 31 and is communicated with the lower end of the heat preservation cavity 33 through a drying pipeline 61; a drying switch is arranged on the drying pipeline 61; the air outlet end of the drying pipeline 61 is arranged in a wide-mouth manner;
when clothes need to be dried, the drying switch is turned on, and hot air in the heat preservation cavity 33 enters the drying wardrobe along the drying pipeline 61 to dry the clothes in the wardrobe.
EXAMPLE III
As shown in fig. 2 and 18, wherein the same or corresponding components as in the first embodiment are designated by the same reference numerals as in the first embodiment, only the differences from the first embodiment will be described below for the sake of convenience. The second embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that:
the power generation unit 7 further comprises a power generation tower 71 arranged behind the house main body 1, a power fan 72 arranged inside the power generation tower 71 and a power generator 73 connected with the power fan 72; the bottom of the power generation tower 71 is of a Venturi structure, and the power fan 72 is arranged at the tail end of the Venturi; the bottom end of the power generation tower 71 is communicated with an air outlet a13 through a pipeline; the top end of the power generation tower 71 is communicated with the air inlet of the air energy heat pump unit 2 through a pipeline.
It should be noted that, after the heat exchange pipe 41 is heated by the hot air passing through the heat preservation cavity 33, the hot air enters the annular channel 11 on the wall through the air outlet c331, circulates along the annular channel 11, enters the power generation tower 71 through the air outlet a13, and is accelerated by the venturi to drive the power fan 72 to rotate rapidly, the power fan 72 drives the generator 73 to rotate to generate power, and the generated power of the generator 73 is stored in the storage battery to provide power input for the air energy heat pump unit 2 or is merged into the power grid; the hot air of waste heat gets into air can heat pump set 2 through the pipeline, improves air can heat pump set 2's heating efficiency.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. Energy-conserving water conservation building site hot water system based on air energy heat pump, its characterized in that includes: the air energy heat pump house comprises a house main body (1), an air energy heat pump unit (2), a heating unit (3) and a hot water supply unit (4);
the heating unit (3) is arranged between two adjacent rooms in the house main body (1) and is communicated with the air energy heat pump unit (2) through an air inlet pipeline (21); the heating unit (3) comprises two groups of heating panels (31) which are respectively arranged in two rooms and an air channel control unit (32) which is arranged above the corresponding heating panels (31);
the air channel control unit (32) comprises a shunt pipeline (321) arranged at the top end of the corresponding heating panel (31), a control ring (322) arranged at the top end of the shunt pipeline (321), and a driving motor (323) arranged at the top end of the heating panel (31) and used for controlling the control ring (322) to rotate; the top end of the control ring (322) is connected with one end of the air inlet pipeline (21); an upper air outlet channel (3211), a lower air outlet channel (3212), a hot water air supply channel (3213) and a closing position (3214) are sequentially arranged in the flow dividing pipeline (321) along the clockwise direction;
the heating panel (31) is provided with an upper air outlet (311), a lower air outlet (312) and a cavity (332) positioned between the upper air outlet and the lower air outlet; the upper air outlet (311) is communicated with the upper air outlet channel (3211); the lower air outlet (312) is communicated with a lower air outlet channel (3212);
the accommodating cavities (332) on the two groups of heating panels (31) form a closed heat preservation cavity (33) for installing the hot water supply unit (4); the hot water supply unit (4) comprises a heat exchange pipe (41) arranged in the heat preservation cavity (33), and the heat preservation cavity (33) is communicated with a hot water supply channel (3213); one end of the heat exchange pipe (41) is communicated with a tap water pipe, and the other end of the heat exchange pipe is respectively connected with a water outlet pipeline and arranged in the two rooms;
the control ring (322) is rotated to switch the connection and disconnection of the upper air outlet channel (3211), the lower air outlet channel (3212), the hot water air supply channel (3213), the closing position (3214) and the air inlet pipeline (21), so as to control the operation of the upper air outlet (311), the lower air outlet (312) and the hot water supply unit (4) on the heating panel (31).
2. The energy-saving and water-saving building site hot water system based on the air-source heat pump as claimed in claim 1, wherein a pipeline installation channel (317) is vertically opened in the heating panel (31) at a position below the air channel control unit (32); the upper air outlet (311) is communicated with the upper air outlet channel (3211) through a pipeline a (3171); the lower air outlet (312) is communicated with a lower air outlet channel (3212) through a pipeline b (3172); the heat preservation cavity (33) is communicated with a hot water air supply channel (3213) through a pipeline c (3173).
3. The energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on the air-source heat pump as claimed in claim 2, wherein the driving motor (323) drives the control ring (322) to rotate, so that when the air inlet pipeline (21) is communicated with the lower air outlet channel (3212), indoor heating is performed;
when the air inlet pipeline (21) is communicated with the hot water air supply channel (3213) and the upper air outlet channel (3211) at the same time, the lower air outlet (312) is closed at the same time, the air volume of the upper air outlet (311) is reduced, the indoor set temperature is maintained, and the excess heat air is introduced into the heat preservation cavity (33) to synchronously heat the heat exchanger in the heat preservation cavity (33);
the driving motor (323) drives the control ring (322) to rotate, the closing position (3214) cuts off the communication state of the air inlet pipeline (21) and the shunt pipeline (321), and the corresponding room stops heat supply.
4. The energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on the air-source heat pump is characterized by further comprising a temperature sensor (314) and a humidity sensor (315) which are arranged on the heating panel (31), wherein the temperature sensor (314) and the humidity sensor (315) are arranged between the lower air outlet (312) and the upper air outlet (311); the temperature sensor (314) and the humidity sensor (315) are electrically connected with a driving motor (323) of the air duct control unit (32) to control the indoor temperature, humidity and wind outlet direction in real time.
5. The energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on the air-source heat pump as claimed in claim 1, wherein the control ring (322) is rotatably sleeved outside the air outlet ends of the diversion pipeline (321) and the air inlet pipeline (21), and sealing strips (3225) are arranged at two ends of the inner diameter of the control ring (322).
6. The energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on the air-source heat pump as claimed in claim 1, wherein the control ring (322) is a hollow cylinder, the middle of the cylinder is provided with a control board (3224), the control board (3224) is provided with an air outlet hole b (3223), the middle of the outer diameter surface of the control ring (322) is provided with a driven gear (3221) in transmission connection with the driving motor (323), and when the control ring (322) rotates, the air outlet hole b (3223) can be communicated with any one or two adjacent channels of the upper air outlet channel (3211), the lower air outlet channel (3212) and the hot water air supply channel (3213).
7. The energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on the air-source heat pump as claimed in claim 6, wherein the air outlet b (3223) is shaped as a sector, and the sector area is equal to the cross-sectional area of the upper air outlet channel (3211), the lower air outlet channel (3212) and the hot water supply channel (3213).
8. The energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on the air-source heat pump as claimed in claim 1, wherein an air outlet hole c (331) is formed at one end of the heating panel (31) far away from the end communicated with the hot water supply channel (3213); the wall bodies around the house main body (1) are provided with hollow annular channels (11), and the annular channels (11) are provided with air inlet holes (12) and air outlet holes a (13); the air outlet hole c (331) is communicated with an air inlet hole (12) of the annular channel (11).
9. The energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on the air-source heat pump is characterized by further comprising a humidifier (5), wherein the humidifier (5) is arranged at the top end of one side of the heating panel (31), and an air outlet (51) of the humidifier (5) extends into the upper air outlet (311); the top end of the humidifier (5) is provided with a switch (52) for controlling the humidifier to work; the switch (52) is arranged in contact with a shifting plate (3222) arranged below the driven gear (3221);
when the driven gear (3221) drives the control ring (322) to rotate so that the air outlet b (3223) is communicated with the upper air outlet channel (3211), the poking plate (3222) is in contact with the switch (52), and the humidifier starts to work.
10. The energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on the air energy heat pump is characterized in that the humidifier (5) is communicated with the water outlet end of the heat exchange pipe (41) in the heat preservation cavity (33) through a pipeline, and the on-off of the pipeline is controlled through an electromagnetic valve (54); and a liquid level sensor (53) is arranged in the humidifier (5).
CN202110266837.0A 2021-03-11 2021-03-11 Energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on air energy heat pump Active CN112944430B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110266837.0A CN112944430B (en) 2021-03-11 2021-03-11 Energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on air energy heat pump

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110266837.0A CN112944430B (en) 2021-03-11 2021-03-11 Energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on air energy heat pump

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112944430A CN112944430A (en) 2021-06-11
CN112944430B true CN112944430B (en) 2022-03-22

Family

ID=76230398

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202110266837.0A Active CN112944430B (en) 2021-03-11 2021-03-11 Energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on air energy heat pump

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112944430B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113932367B (en) * 2021-11-12 2023-03-28 宁波奥克斯电气股份有限公司 Air conditioner heating control method and device, air conditioner and computer storage medium

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1054576A (en) * 1996-08-09 1998-02-24 Toshiba Corp Floor radiation system
CN106594844A (en) * 2015-10-19 2017-04-26 何齐汉 Wall embedded type floor heating air conditioner
CN109751684A (en) * 2017-11-06 2019-05-14 山东建筑大学 A kind of Household electric energy and the compound heat-supply metering charge of solar energy and method
CN210219964U (en) * 2019-05-21 2020-03-31 天津市崇然科技发展有限公司 Wind energy heating system's amount of wind reposition of redundant personnel control mechanism
CN111076420A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-28 广东省第一建筑工程有限公司 Energy-saving and water-saving building site hot water system based on air energy heat pump and construction method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1054576A (en) * 1996-08-09 1998-02-24 Toshiba Corp Floor radiation system
CN106594844A (en) * 2015-10-19 2017-04-26 何齐汉 Wall embedded type floor heating air conditioner
CN109751684A (en) * 2017-11-06 2019-05-14 山东建筑大学 A kind of Household electric energy and the compound heat-supply metering charge of solar energy and method
CN210219964U (en) * 2019-05-21 2020-03-31 天津市崇然科技发展有限公司 Wind energy heating system's amount of wind reposition of redundant personnel control mechanism
CN111076420A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-28 广东省第一建筑工程有限公司 Energy-saving and water-saving building site hot water system based on air energy heat pump and construction method thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN112944430A (en) 2021-06-11

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202757347U (en) Solar-assisted heat pump system
CN109373610B (en) Heat supply and cold supply system with solar energy and underground water combined energy supply
CN201837020U (en) Energy-saving fresh air and air conditioning control system
CN102954546B (en) Air source phase-change energy-storing floor air supply air-conditioning system and energy-storing and energy-releasing method thereof
CN112944430B (en) Energy-saving and water-saving construction site hot water system based on air energy heat pump
CN103267329A (en) Refrigeration, supply heat and hot water system capable of performing solar evaporative cooling and capillary radiation
CN100513933C (en) Dual-purpose machine for hot water and air conditioning
CN204962981U (en) Energy -saving humidification evaporation cooling type fan -coil unit
CN112539564A (en) Novel passive combined cooling heating and power system
CN204678566U (en) The energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of anti-freeze formula
CN105135568A (en) Humidification and evaporation cooling type fan-coil unit based on photovoltaic driving
CN203190625U (en) Multi-purpose air energy water heater
CN205156207U (en) Novel energy -conserving air conditioner of low ebb electricity
CN212378169U (en) Novel building energy-saving system capable of comprehensively utilizing solar energy and air energy
CN103939977B (en) A kind of heating installation of twin-roll phase transformation radiator and drying room
CN103556442A (en) Solar central clothes drying device
CN203569348U (en) Solar center clothes drying device
CN203628892U (en) Automatic-control solar power generation evaporative cooling air conditioner used for bus station
CN203550277U (en) Indirect evaporation coupling solar cold and hot combined supplying system for rural family
CN106594889A (en) Window type evaporative cooling air-conditioning system combined with photovoltaic solar power generation for dormitory
WO2021238494A1 (en) Smart solar water heater system
CN111678193A (en) Comprehensive energy-saving temperature-control water supply system for living buildings
CN203949270U (en) A kind of heating installation of twin-roll phase transformation radiator and drying room
CN203550085U (en) Ground cold and ice storage combined refrigeration system
CN213119349U (en) Solar-driven oversized ceiling fan combined evaporative cooling air-conditioning system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant