CN112841421A - Preparation method of farm culture granulated feed - Google Patents

Preparation method of farm culture granulated feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112841421A
CN112841421A CN202011538385.9A CN202011538385A CN112841421A CN 112841421 A CN112841421 A CN 112841421A CN 202011538385 A CN202011538385 A CN 202011538385A CN 112841421 A CN112841421 A CN 112841421A
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China
Prior art keywords
gear
wall
sieve
reprocessing
feed
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CN202011538385.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐卫玲
马明
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202011538385.9A priority Critical patent/CN112841421A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K40/00Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K40/10Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs by agglomeration; by granulation, e.g. making powders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/12Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged below container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material

Abstract

The invention relates to a preparation method of farm culture granulated feed, which uses a screening device, wherein the screening device comprises a shell, a collecting frame, a screening device and a reprocessing device, and the specific method flow when the screening device is adopted to prepare the granulated feed is as follows: batching, smashing, pelletizing, screening, reprocessing and packing are put in storage, and the screening device includes a working barrel, a first sieve plate, a stirring frame, a driving rod, a driving motor, a split plate, a connecting ring and a lifting cylinder. According to the invention, after the feed particles are screened by the screening device, the feed particles with unqualified sizes can be directly reprocessed by the reprocessing device without taking out the feed particles, so that the complexity of the whole processing process is reduced, and the reprocessing device can firstly shunt the feed particles when reprocessing the feed particles, so that the situation of poor reprocessing effect caused by overlarge one-time processing amount is prevented.

Description

Preparation method of farm culture granulated feed
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular to a preparation method of farm culture granulated feed.
Background
The granulated feed is one of the production products of compound feed, and is a granulated feed made up by using complete mixture or single feed through the process of extrusion. Generally cylindrical in shape and of various sizes depending on the species of animal to be fed. Compared with powdery feed, the pellet feed has the advantages of comprehensive nutrition, difficult dampness, convenient feeding and the like.
The preparation process of the pellet feed comprises the steps of proportioning, crushing, granulating, screening and the like, wherein problems also commonly exist in the screening process of the pellet feed:
(1) after the screening is accomplished, the unqualified feed pellet of size will pile up on the sieve, need shut down the back with equipment, and unqualified feed pellet is taken out to the rethread manual mode to carry out regrinding or cutting to this part feed pellet and handle, work step is comparatively loaded down with trivial details, has influenced whole screening efficiency.
(2) When the unqualified feed particles are reprocessed, the feed particles are often put into reprocessing equipment at one time, so that the equipment workload is large, treatment dead corners are easy to occur, the feed particles are difficult to cut and crush fully, and a small amount of feed particles are still unqualified after reprocessing.
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a preparation method of farm culture granulated feed.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme to realize the purpose:
a preparation method of farm culture granulated feed uses a screening device, the screening device comprises a shell, a collecting frame, a screening device and a reprocessing device, and the specific method flow when the screening device is adopted to prepare the granulated feed is as follows:
s1, material preparation: weighing the raw materials according to a designed proportion, and uniformly mixing the weighed raw materials;
s2, crushing: crushing the uniformly mixed raw materials to crush the raw materials into fragments with required sizes;
s3, granulating: preparing the crushed materials into granulated feed by using the existing granulator, and cooling the granulated feed by adopting an air cooling mode;
s4, screening, namely screening the granulated feeds through a screening device, wherein the granulated feeds with qualified sizes fall into a collecting frame, and the granulated feeds with unqualified sizes fall into a reprocessing device;
s5, reprocessing: cutting the granulated feed with unqualified size by a reprocessing device, and enabling the reprocessed granulated feed with qualified size to fall into a collection frame;
s6, packaging and warehousing: taking out the granulated feed in the collection frame, and packaging according to a specified specification so as to facilitate warehousing unified management;
the device comprises a shell, a screening device and a reprocessing device, wherein a feeding hole is formed in the top end of the shell, discharge holes are symmetrically formed in the left and right of the bottom end of the shell, a collecting frame is arranged on the inner side of each discharge hole and is placed in the shell, and the screening device and the reprocessing device are sequentially installed in the shell from top to bottom;
the screening device comprises a working barrel, a first sieve plate, a stirring frame, a driving rod, a driving motor, a split plate, a connecting ring, a lifting cylinder and a gear ring, the working barrel is installed at the lower end of a feeding hole, the first sieve plate is installed on the inner wall of the lower end of the working barrel, the stirring frame is installed on the first sieve plate in a rotating mode, the side wall of the stirring frame is in contact with the side wall of the gear ring installed on the inner wall of the working barrel, the lower end of the stirring frame is connected with the upper end of the driving rod through a coupler, the lower end of the driving rod is connected with an output shaft of the driving motor through a coupler, the bottom end of a shell is installed at the driving motor, a material conveying hole is uniformly formed in the side wall of the bottom end of the working barrel along the circumferential direction; drive the actuating lever through driving motor and rotate, make the stirring frame constantly stir the feed pellet between working barrel and the first sieve, in order to accelerate screening speed, prevent that the feed pellet from piling up on first sieve, stirring frame live time reaches certain back, drive the lifting ring rebound through the lift cylinder, make the open-close plate no longer lead to the fact to sheltering from to the material mouth, the feed pellet that size is unqualified after the screening just can fall into reprocessing apparatus through passing the material mouth, in order to reprocess it.
The reprocessing device comprises material guide frames, a material guide cylinder, a partition plate, a second sieve plate, a slitting cutter and a transmission mechanism, wherein the plurality of material guide frames are uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the lower end of the working cylinder along the circumferential direction of the working cylinder, a material guide opening is formed in the lower end of the material guide frame, the material guide cylinder is arranged at the lower end of the material guide opening, the partition plate is symmetrically arranged in the front and at the back of the upper end of the material guide frame, the inner side of the partition plate is connected with the outer wall of the working cylinder, the outer side of the partition plate is connected with the inner wall of the working cylinder, the second sieve plate is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of the lower end of the material guide cylinder, the slitting cutter is; under the guide effect of guide frame, the unqualified fodder granule of size falls into the guide cylinder to finally fall on the second sieve, under drive mechanism's drive, all second sieves can rotate simultaneously, carry out the secondary treatment to the unqualified fodder granule of size with the drive cutter of cutting, throw away the fodder granule that size is up to standard after the secondary treatment simultaneously from the second sieve and fall, prevent that the fodder granule from piling up on the second sieve.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the transmission mechanism comprises a driving toothed ring, a transmission gear, a driven toothed ring and a mounting rod, the driving toothed ring is sleeved on the driving rod, the transmission gear is uniformly arranged on the outer side of the driving toothed ring along the circumferential direction of the driving toothed ring, the inner side of the transmission gear is meshed with the driving toothed ring, the outer side of the transmission gear is meshed with the inner side of the driven toothed ring, the transmission gear is connected with the material guide cylinder through the mounting rod, the transmission gear is rotationally connected with the mounting rod, and the driven toothed ring is rotationally mounted in the material guide cylinder; under the transmission effect between initiative ring gear, drive gear and the driven ring gear, can drive the cutter of cutting of installing on a plurality of second sieve boards and the second sieve and rotate simultaneously to carry out secondary operation to the unqualified fodder granule of size.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the stirring frame comprises a main rod, fixed stirring rods, rotating gears and a driving gear, wherein the main rod is rotatably installed on a first sieve plate, the left side wall and the right side wall of the main rod are respectively and uniformly provided with the fixed stirring rods from top to bottom, the rotating stirring rods are rotatably installed between two vertically adjacent fixed stirring rods, the upper ends of the rotating stirring rods are provided with the rotating gears, the outer sides of the rotating gears are meshed with the inner sides of the driving gears rotatably installed on the fixed stirring plates, and the outer sides of the driving gears are meshed with the inner sides of gear rings; at the mobile jib along with the actuating lever rotation in-process, drive gear ring relatively rotates, and then drives rotatory gear revolve for rotatory puddler can be when carrying out the pivoted around the mobile jib, can also use self to rotate as the center pin, under the cooperation of fixed puddler and rotatory puddler, the range of stirring of agitator is improved, is favorable to improving pellet feed's distribution homogeneity, and then accelerates the screening speed.
According to a preferred technical scheme, the slitting cutter comprises a supporting rod, a mounting sleeve, a connecting spring, slitting blades, a lifting plate and an extrusion rod, the supporting rod is mounted on the second sieve plate, the mounting sleeve is slidably sleeved on the outer side of the supporting rod, the connecting spring is mounted between the inner wall of the mounting sleeve and the outer wall of the supporting rod, the slitting blades are uniformly mounted on the left outer wall and the right outer wall of the mounting sleeve from top to bottom, the lifting plate is mounted at the top end of the mounting sleeve, and the extrusion rod is mounted on the inner side of the lifting plate.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, a plurality of matching plates are uniformly arranged on the inner wall of the shell along the circumferential direction of the inner wall, the lower ends of the matching plates are provided with extrusion plates, the bottom ends of the extrusion plates are clung to the top ends of the extrusion rods, and the bottom ends of the extrusion plates are of rugged cambered surface structures; in the rotation process of the slitting cutter, the relative position between the extrusion rod and the extrusion plate is changed, so that the extrusion force applied to the extrusion rod is changed, the extrusion force is different in size under the matching action of the connecting springs, the heights of the mounting sleeves are different, the operation range of the slitting cutter is changed, the comprehensiveness of slitting operation is improved, and slitting dead angles are prevented.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the driving toothed ring and the transmission gear are respectively provided with a material leaking hole to prevent granulated feed from being accumulated on the driving toothed ring and the transmission toothed ring, and the side walls of the upper ends of the driving toothed ring, the transmission gear and the driven toothed ring are respectively provided with an annular skirt edge to prevent the granulated feed from being clamped in the convex teeth arranged on the transmission gear, the driving toothed ring and the driven toothed ring to cause the condition that the transmission mechanism cannot normally work.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the upper end surface of the first sieve plate is of an upward convex arc surface structure, so that feed particles with unqualified sizes can be effectively prevented from being accumulated on the first sieve plate.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, after the feed particles are screened by the screening device, the feed particles with unqualified sizes can be directly reprocessed by the reprocessing device without taking out the feed particles, so that the complexity of the whole processing process is reduced, and the reprocessing device can firstly shunt the feed particles when reprocessing the feed particles, so that the situation of poor reprocessing effect caused by overlarge one-time processing amount is prevented.
2. According to the screening device provided by the invention, the driving rod is driven to rotate by the driving motor, so that the stirring frame can continuously stir the feed particles between the working cylinder and the first sieve plate, the screening speed is increased, the feed particles are prevented from being accumulated on the first sieve plate, after the rotation time of the stirring frame reaches a certain time, the lifting ring is driven by the lifting cylinder to move upwards, the opening-closing plate does not shield the material conveying opening, and the feed particles with unqualified sizes after being screened can directly fall into the reprocessing device through the material conveying opening to be reprocessed.
3. The reprocessing device provided by the invention has the advantages that under the guiding action of the material guiding frame, feed particles with unqualified sizes fall into different material guiding cylinders and finally fall onto the corresponding second sieve plates, all the second sieve plates can rotate simultaneously under the driving of the transmission mechanism so as to drive the cutting tools to carry out secondary treatment on the feed particles with unqualified sizes, and meanwhile, the feed particles with qualified sizes after the secondary treatment are thrown off from the second sieve plates, so that the feed particles are prevented from being accumulated on the second sieve plates.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a flow chart of a method of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the screening apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an internal structural view of the screening apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a front view of the mixing stand of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a front cross-sectional view of the slitting tool of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a top cross-sectional view of the drive rod and transmission of the present invention;
fig. 7 is an enlarged view of the portion of the invention in fig. 3 from the direction a.
Detailed Description
The embodiments of the invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings, but the invention can be implemented in many different ways as defined and covered by the claims.
As shown in fig. 1 to 7, a method for preparing farm culture granulated feed uses a screening device, the screening device comprises a housing 1, a collecting frame 2, a screening device 3 and a reprocessing device 4, and the specific method flow when the screening device is used for preparing the granulated feed is as follows:
s1, material preparation: weighing the raw materials according to a designed proportion, and uniformly mixing the weighed raw materials;
s2, crushing: crushing the uniformly mixed raw materials to crush the raw materials into fragments with required sizes;
s3, granulating: preparing the crushed materials into granulated feed by using the existing granulator, and cooling the granulated feed by adopting an air cooling mode;
s4, screening, namely screening the granulated feeds through a screening device 3, wherein the granulated feeds with qualified sizes fall into a collecting frame 2, and the granulated feeds with unqualified sizes fall into a reprocessing device 4;
s5, reprocessing: cutting the granulated feed with unqualified size through a reprocessing device 4, and dropping the reprocessed granulated feed with qualified size into a collection frame 2;
s6, packaging and warehousing: taking out the granulated feed in the collection frame 2, and packaging according to specified specifications so as to facilitate warehousing unified management;
a feed inlet is formed in the top end of the shell 1, discharge outlets are symmetrically formed in the left and right sides of the bottom end of the shell 1, a collecting frame 2 is arranged on the inner side of the discharge outlets, the collecting frame 2 is placed inside the shell 1, and a screening device 3 and a reprocessing device 4 are sequentially installed inside the shell 1 from top to bottom;
the screening device 3 comprises a working barrel 31, a first sieve plate 32, a stirring frame 33, a driving rod 34, a driving motor 35, a split plate 36, a connecting ring 37, a lifting cylinder 38 and a gear ring 39, the working barrel 31 is installed at the lower end of a feeding hole, a first sieve plate 32 is installed on the inner wall of the lower end of the working barrel 31, the stirring frame 33 is installed on the first sieve plate 32 in a rotating mode, the side wall of the stirring frame 33 is contacted with the side wall of the gear ring 39 installed on the inner wall of the working barrel 31, the lower end of the stirring frame 33 is connected with the upper end of the driving rod 34 through a coupler, the lower end of the driving rod 34 is connected with an output shaft of the driving motor 35 through a coupler, the bottom end of a shell 1 is installed on the driving motor 35, a conveying port is uniformly formed on the side wall of the bottom end of the working barrel, a lifting cylinder 38 is arranged between the connecting ring 37 and the outer wall of the working barrel 31, the upper end surface of the first sieve plate 32 is of an upward convex arc surface structure, and feed particles with unqualified sizes can be effectively prevented from being accumulated on the first sieve plate 32; drive actuating lever 34 through driving motor 35 and rotate, make stirring frame 33 constantly stir the fodder granule between working barrel 31 and the first sieve 32, in order to accelerate the screening speed, prevent that the fodder granule from piling up on first sieve 32, stirring frame 33 live time reaches certain back, drive the lifting ring rebound through lift cylinder 38, make open-close plate 36 no longer cause the material to shelter from to the material mouth, the unqualified fodder granule of size just can fall into reprocessing apparatus 4 through passing the material mouth after the screening, in order to carry out the reprocessing to it.
The stirring frame 33 comprises a main rod 331, fixed stirring rods 332, rotary stirring rods 333, rotary gears 334 and a driving gear 335, wherein the main rod 331 is rotatably installed on the first sieve plate 32, the left and right side walls of the main rod 331 are respectively and uniformly provided with the fixed stirring rods 332 from top to bottom, the rotary stirring rods 333 are rotatably installed between the two vertically adjacent fixed stirring rods 332, the upper ends of the rotary stirring rods 333 are provided with the rotary gears 334, the outer sides of the rotary gears 334 are meshed with the inner sides of the driving gears 335 rotatably installed on the fixed stirring, and the outer sides of the driving gears 335 are meshed with the inner sides of the gear rings 39; at mobile jib 331 along with actuating lever 34 rotates the in-process, drive gear 335 can rotate ring gear 39 relatively, and then drive rotating gear 334 and rotate, make rotatory puddler 333 can be when rotating around mobile jib 331, can also use self to rotate as the center pin, under the cooperation of fixed puddler 332 and rotatory puddler 333, the range of stirring of agitator 33 obtains improving, be favorable to improving pellet feed's uniformity of distribution, and then accelerate the screening speed.
The reprocessing device 4 comprises material guide frames 41, material guide cylinders 42, partition plates 43, second sieve plates 44, slitting cutters 45 and a transmission mechanism 46, wherein the outer wall of the lower end of the working cylinder 31 is uniformly provided with the material guide frames 41 along the circumferential direction, the lower ends of the material guide frames 41 are provided with material guide ports, the lower ends of the material guide ports are provided with the material guide cylinders 42, the upper ends of the material guide frames 41 are symmetrically provided with the partition plates 43 in the front-back direction, the inner sides of the partition plates 43 are connected with the outer wall of the working cylinder 31, the outer sides of the partition plates 43 are connected with the inner wall of the working cylinder 31, the inner wall of the lower end of the material guide cylinder 42 is rotatably provided with the second sieve plates 44, the upper ends of the second sieve plates 44 are provided with the slitting cutters 45, the lower ends of the second; under the guide effect of guide frame 41, the unqualified fodder granule of size falls into guide cylinder 42 to finally fall on second sieve 44, under drive mechanism 46's drive, all second sieves 44 can rotate simultaneously, carry out secondary treatment to the unqualified fodder granule of size with drive cutter 45, throw away the fodder granule that size is up to standard after the secondary treatment simultaneously from second sieve 44 and fall, prevent that the fodder granule from piling up on second sieve 44.
The transmission mechanism 46 comprises a driving toothed ring 461, a transmission gear 462, a driven toothed ring 463 and a mounting rod 464, wherein the driving toothed ring 461 is sleeved on the driving rod 34, the transmission gear 462 is uniformly arranged on the outer side of the driving toothed ring 461 along the circumferential direction thereof, the inner side of the transmission gear 462 is meshed with the driving toothed ring 461, the outer side of the transmission gear 462 is meshed with the inner side of the driven toothed ring 463, the transmission gear 462 is connected with the material guide cylinder 42 through the mounting rod 464, the transmission gear 462 and the mounting rod 464 are in a rotary connection mode, and the driven toothed ring 463 is rotatably mounted in the material guide cylinder 42; under the transmission effect between initiative ring gear 461, drive gear 462 and driven ring gear 463, can drive the cutter 45 of cutting of installing on a plurality of second sieves 44 and the second sieve 44 and rotate simultaneously to carry out secondary operation to the unqualified fodder granule of size.
The slitting cutter 45 comprises a supporting rod 451, an installation sleeve 452, a connecting spring 453, a slitting blade 454, a lifting plate 455 and an extrusion rod 456, the supporting rod 451 is installed on the second sieve plate 44, the installation sleeve 452 is slidably sleeved outside the supporting rod 451, the connecting spring 453 is installed between the inner wall of the installation sleeve 452 and the outer wall of the supporting rod 451, the slitting blade 454 is evenly installed on the left outer wall and the right outer wall of the installation sleeve 452 from top to bottom, the lifting plate 455 is installed at the top end of the installation sleeve 452, and the extrusion rod 456 is installed on the inner side of the lifting plate 455.
A plurality of matching plates 1a are uniformly arranged on the inner wall of the shell 1 along the circumferential direction of the shell, extrusion plates 1b are arranged at the lower ends of the matching plates 1a, the bottom ends of the extrusion plates 1b are closely attached to the top ends of the extrusion rods 456, and the bottom ends of the extrusion plates 1b are of uneven cambered surface structures; in the rotating process of the slitting cutter 45, the relative position between the extrusion rod 456 and the extrusion plate 1b is changed, so that the extrusion force applied to the extrusion rod 456 is changed, the extrusion force under the matching action of the connecting spring 453 is different in size, the height of the mounting sleeve 452 is different, the operation range of the slitting blade 454 is changed, the improvement of the comprehensiveness of slitting operation is facilitated, and slitting dead angles are prevented.
The driving gear ring 461 and the driving gear 462 are both provided with material leaking holes to prevent granulated feed from being accumulated on the driving gear ring 461 and the driving gear ring, and the side walls of the upper ends of the driving gear ring 461, the driving gear 462 and the driven gear ring 463 are all provided with annular skirt edges 46a to prevent the granulated feed from being clamped in convex teeth arranged on the driving gear 462, the driving gear ring 461 and the driven gear ring 463 to cause the condition that the driving mechanism 46 cannot work normally, the annular skirt edges 46a arranged on the side wall of the driving gear 462 are highest in position, and the upper end surfaces of the annular skirt edges 46a arranged on the side wall of the driving gear 462 are of a slope structure with gradually reduced height from outside to inside, so that the granulated feed is prevented from being accumulated on the annular skirt edges 46 a.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are given by way of illustration of the principles of the present invention, and that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (7)

1. A farm culture pellet feed preparation method uses a screening device which comprises a shell (1), a collecting frame (2), a screening device (3) and a reprocessing device (4), and is characterized in that: the specific method flow for preparing the granulated feed by adopting the screening equipment is as follows:
s1, material preparation: weighing the raw materials according to a designed proportion, and uniformly mixing the weighed raw materials;
s2, crushing: crushing the uniformly mixed raw materials to crush the raw materials into fragments with required sizes;
s3, granulating: preparing the crushed materials into granulated feed by using the existing granulator, and cooling the granulated feed by adopting an air cooling mode;
s4, screening, namely screening the granulated feeds through a screening device (3), wherein the granulated feeds with qualified sizes fall into a collecting frame (2), and the granulated feeds with unqualified sizes fall into a reprocessing device (4);
s5, reprocessing: cutting the granulated feed with unqualified size through a reprocessing device (4), and dropping the reprocessed granulated feed with qualified size into a collection frame (2);
s6, packaging and warehousing: taking out the granulated feed in the collection frame (2), and packaging according to specified specifications so as to facilitate warehousing unified management;
a feed inlet is formed in the top end of the shell (1), discharge outlets are symmetrically formed in the left and right sides of the bottom end of the shell (1), a collecting frame (2) is arranged on the inner side of each discharge outlet, the collecting frame (2) is placed inside the shell (1), and a screening device (3) and a reprocessing device (4) are sequentially installed inside the shell (1) from top to bottom;
the screening device (3) comprises a working barrel (31), a first sieve plate (32), a stirring frame (33), a driving rod (34), a driving motor (35), a split plate (36), a connecting ring (37), a lifting cylinder (38) and a gear ring (39), wherein the working barrel (31) is installed at the lower end of a feeding hole, the first sieve plate (32) is installed on the inner wall of the lower end of the working barrel (31), the stirring frame (33) is installed on the first sieve plate (32) in a rotating mode, the side wall of the stirring frame (33) is in contact with the side wall of the gear ring (39) installed on the inner wall of the working barrel (31), the lower end of the stirring frame (33) is connected with the upper end of the driving rod (34) through a coupler, the lower end of the driving rod (34) is connected with an output shaft of the driving motor (35) through a coupler, the bottom end of the driving motor, an opening and closing groove communicated with the material penetrating port is formed in the upper end of the material penetrating port, an opening and closing plate (36) is arranged in the opening and closing groove in a sliding mode, the opening and closing plates (36) are connected through a connecting ring (37), and a lifting air cylinder (38) is arranged between the connecting ring (37) and the outer wall of the working barrel (31);
the reprocessing device (4) comprises a material guide frame (41), a material guide cylinder (42), a partition plate (43), a second sieve plate (44), a slitting cutter (45) and a transmission mechanism (46), evenly install a plurality of guide frame (41) along its circumferential direction on working barrel (31) lower extreme outer wall, the guide mouth has been seted up to guide frame (41) lower extreme, guide tube (42) are installed to guide mouth lower extreme, baffle (43) are installed to guide frame (41) upper end front and back symmetry, baffle (43) inboard is connected with working barrel (31) outer wall, baffle (43) outside is connected with working barrel (31) inner wall, rotate on guide tube (42) lower extreme inner wall and install second sieve (44), cut cutter (45) are installed to second sieve (44) upper end, second sieve (44) lower extreme is connected with drive mechanism (46), the sieve mesh size of seting up on second sieve (44) is the same with the sieve mesh size of seting up on first sieve (32).
2. The method for preparing farm-farming granulated feed according to claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: drive mechanism (46) are including initiative ring gear (461), drive gear (462), driven ring gear (463) and installation pole (464), initiative ring gear (461) cover is established and is installed on actuating lever (34), drive gear (462) have evenly been arranged along its circumferential direction in the initiative ring gear (461) outside, drive gear (462) inboard meshes with initiative ring gear (461), drive gear (462) outside meshes with driven ring gear (463) inboard mutually, drive gear (462) are connected with guide cylinder (42) through installation pole (464), be the rotation connected mode between drive gear (462) and the installation pole (464), driven ring gear (463) rotate and install in guide cylinder (42).
3. The method for preparing farm-farming granulated feed according to claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: stirring frame (33) are including mobile jib (331), fixed puddler (332), rotatory puddler (333), rotary gear (334) and drive gear (335), mobile jib (331) rotate and install on first sieve (32), all from last down evenly installed fixed puddler (332) on the lateral wall about mobile jib (331), rotate between two adjacent fixed puddlers (332) from top to bottom and install rotary puddler (333), rotary gear (334) are installed to rotary puddler (333) upper end, the drive gear (335) inboard mesh on fixed stirring is installed with rotating in the rotary gear (334) outside, drive gear (335) outside meshes with ring gear (39) inboard mutually.
4. The method for preparing farm-farming granulated feed according to claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: slitting cutter (45) include bracing piece (451), installation sleeve (452), coupling spring (453), slitting blade (454), lifter plate (455) and stripper bar (456), bracing piece (451) is installed on second sieve (44), the slip cover in bracing piece (451) outside is equipped with installation sleeve (452), coupling spring (453) are installed between installation sleeve (452) inner wall and bracing piece (451) outer wall, all from last down evenly install slitting blade (454) on the outer wall about installation sleeve (452), lifter plate (455) are installed on installation sleeve (452) top, stripper bar (456) are installed to lifter plate (455) inboard.
5. The method for preparing farm-farming granulated feed according to claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: a plurality of matching plates (1a) are evenly arranged on the inner wall of the shell (1) along the circumferential direction of the inner wall, an extrusion plate (1b) is arranged at the lower end of each matching plate (1a), the bottom end of each extrusion plate (1b) is tightly attached to the top end of each extrusion rod (456), and the bottom end of each extrusion plate (1b) is of an uneven cambered surface structure.
6. The method for preparing farm-farming granulated feed according to claim 2, wherein the method comprises the following steps: the material leakage holes are formed in the driving gear ring (461) and the transmission gear (462), annular skirt edges (46a) are arranged on the side walls of the upper ends of the driving gear ring (461), the transmission gear (462) and the driven gear ring (463), the annular skirt edges (46a) arranged on the side wall of the transmission gear (462) are highest in position, and the upper end face of the annular skirt edges (46a) arranged on the side wall of the transmission gear (462) is of a slope structure with the height gradually reduced from outside to inside.
7. The method for preparing farm-farming granulated feed according to claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: the upper end surface of the first sieve plate (32) is of an upward convex arc surface structure.
CN202011538385.9A 2020-12-23 2020-12-23 Preparation method of farm culture granulated feed Withdrawn CN112841421A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114308231A (en) * 2021-12-03 2022-04-12 湖南先导电子陶瓷科技产业园发展有限公司 A high-efficient filtration drying equipment for titanate electronic ceramics production

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114308231A (en) * 2021-12-03 2022-04-12 湖南先导电子陶瓷科技产业园发展有限公司 A high-efficient filtration drying equipment for titanate electronic ceramics production
CN114308231B (en) * 2021-12-03 2023-02-24 湖南先导电子陶瓷科技产业园发展有限公司 A high-efficient filtration drying equipment for titanate electronic ceramics production

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