CN112779897A - Hydraulic engineering is with miscellaneous device of closed waters vortex formula collection - Google Patents

Hydraulic engineering is with miscellaneous device of closed waters vortex formula collection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112779897A
CN112779897A CN202011532591.9A CN202011532591A CN112779897A CN 112779897 A CN112779897 A CN 112779897A CN 202011532591 A CN202011532591 A CN 202011532591A CN 112779897 A CN112779897 A CN 112779897A
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water
impurity collecting
main body
water pumping
split
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CN202011532591.9A
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CN112779897B (en
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宋仔鹏
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China Construction Third Bureau Green Industry Investment Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of hydraulic engineering, in particular to a closed water area vortex type impurity collecting device for hydraulic engineering, which comprises: a connecting body; six split water pumping and impurity collecting components are arranged; an expansion and contraction component; the main body water pumping and impurity collecting component is arranged right below the connecting main body; a float assembly; the main body water pumping and impurity collecting component comprises: the hexagonal box body is vertically arranged right below the connecting main body and is positioned in the middle of the water body, and a water inlet is formed in the top end of the hexagonal box body; the outer side edges of the main sewage collecting net are detachably connected with the side walls of the six split water pumping and impurity collecting components respectively; a first drainage device; the vortex type impurity collecting device for the closed water area for the hydraulic engineering can automatically and efficiently collect garbage on the water surface, reduces the labor intensity of workers, quickly cleans the garbage through vortex impurity collection, split impurity collection and the like, improves the working efficiency, can change the collection range and improves the adaptability of equipment.

Description

Hydraulic engineering is with miscellaneous device of closed waters vortex formula collection
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of hydraulic engineering, in particular to a closed water area vortex type impurity collecting device for hydraulic engineering.
Background
Hydraulic engineering is an engineering built for controlling and allocating surface water and underground water in nature to achieve the purposes of removing harmful substances and benefiting. Also known as water engineering. Water is a valuable resource essential for human production and life, but its naturally occurring state does not completely meet the needs of human beings. Only when hydraulic engineering is built, water flow can be controlled, flood disasters are prevented, and water quantity is adjusted and distributed to meet the requirements of people on water resources in life and production. Hydraulic engineering needs to build various types of hydraulic buildings such as dams, dikes, spillways, water gates, water inlets, channels, transition troughs, rafts, fishways and the like so as to achieve the aims.
White garbage usually floats on the water surface of a river channel constructed in water conservancy projects, and the problem of river channel floating objects is more serious along with the development of urban industry and the improvement of human living standard. This waste needs to be efficiently collected and disposed of or otherwise affects the use of water.
The traditional garbage cleaning method has two modes, one mode is to salvage garbage floating on the water surface manually, the mode has high labor intensity and low working efficiency, and the garbage on the water surface is not easy to salvage and affects the cleaning effect; the other mode is salvage by a salvage ship, but the mode works by means of the mode that the ship chases garbage to salvage, huge expenses and manpower are needed, the labor cost is high, the salvage operation cannot be carried out at any time, the economy and the practicability are not high, the salvage efficiency is low due to the traditional salvage mode, and the working time is long.
Therefore, there is a need for a vortex type impurity collecting device for closed water area in hydraulic engineering to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme provides the closed water area vortex type impurity collecting device for the hydraulic engineering, and solves the problem that the garbage floating on the water surface is salvaged manually, so that the manual labor intensity is high, the working efficiency is low, and the garbage on the water surface is not easy to salvage completely, so that the cleaning effect is influenced; the other mode is salvage by a salvage ship, but the mode works by means of the mode that the ship chases garbage to salvage, huge expenses and manpower are needed, the labor cost is high, the salvage operation cannot be carried out at any time, the economy and the practicability are not high, the salvage efficiency is low due to the traditional salvage mode, and the working time is long.
In order to achieve the above purposes, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
the utility model provides a hydraulic engineering is with miscellaneous device of closed waters vortex formula collection includes:
a connecting body;
the six split water pumping impurity collecting components are annularly distributed on the outer side of the connecting main body along the axis direction of the hexagonal box body, and are used for sucking water on the water surface, collecting floating objects on the water surface and discharging the sucked water outwards from the water;
the expansion and contraction assembly is arranged in the connecting main body, six output ends of the expansion and contraction assembly are in transmission connection with the side walls of the six split water pumping and impurity collecting assemblies respectively, and the expansion and contraction assembly is used for driving the split water pumping and impurity collecting assemblies to be close to or far away from the connecting main body, so that the collection range of water surface garbage is controlled;
the water pumping and impurity collecting main body component is arranged right below the connecting main body, the six split water pumping and impurity collecting components are arranged around the center of the connecting main body in the water surface water absorbing direction, and the water pumping and impurity collecting main body component is used for discharging water flowing downwards from the water surface from the lower part of the water pumping and impurity collecting main body component, so that the water pumping and impurity collecting main body component and the six split water pumping and impurity collecting components are matched on the water surface to form a vortex, the speed of water flow on the water surface is accelerated, and the collecting efficiency is improved;
the floating assembly is arranged on the connecting main body, the split water pumping impurity collecting assembly, the expansion and contraction assembly and the main body water pumping impurity collecting assembly and is used for overcoming the gravity to enable the equipment to float in water;
the main body water pumping and impurity collecting component comprises:
the hexagonal box body is vertically arranged right below the connecting main body and is positioned in the middle of the water body, and a water inlet is formed in the top end of the hexagonal box body and is used for sucking water body vortex formed in the split water pumping and impurity collecting assembly into the hexagonal box body;
the center of the main sewage collecting net is detachably arranged at the top end of the hexagonal box body, the outer side edges of the main sewage collecting net are detachably connected with the side walls of the six split water pumping and impurity collecting components respectively, and the main sewage collecting net is used for collecting floating garbage collected in a vortex in a centralized manner;
first drainage device, vertical setting is in hexagon box bottom for with inspiratory rivers discharge downwards in the hexagon box, collect rubbish through the dirty net of main collection at the drainage in-process.
As a preferable scheme of the closed water area vortex type impurity collecting device for the hydraulic engineering, the first water discharging device comprises:
first row of water room, vertical fixed mounting are in the below of hexagon box, and the inside of first row of water room is equipped with dive formula suction pump, and the bottom of first row of water room is the vertical first drain pipe that extends downwards, and the output and the first drain pipe intercommunication of dive formula suction pump.
As a preferred scheme of the closed water area vortex type impurity collecting device for the hydraulic engineering, the split water pumping impurity collecting component comprises:
the rectangular box body is vertically arranged on the outer side of the connecting main body, one side of the rectangular box body in the anticlockwise direction and one side of the rectangular box body far away from the connecting main body are provided with water inlet gaps, the height of each water inlet gap is lower than that of the water surface, the rectangular box body is used for enabling water on the water surface to continuously flow into the rectangular box body through the water inlet gaps, and the multiple groups of rectangular box bodies are arranged around the connecting main body, so that vortexes are formed on the water surface within a certain;
the sewage collecting and distributing net is arranged in the rectangular box body, the net inlet at the top end of the sewage collecting and distributing net is connected with the top end of the rectangular box body through a bolt, the bottom end of the sewage collecting and distributing net is arranged in the rectangular box body, and the sewage collecting and distributing net is used for collecting garbage impurities carried in the water surface in a centralized manner when the rectangular box body sucks water on the water surface into the rectangular box body, so that a certain water surface cleaning effect is realized;
and the second drainage device is vertically and fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the rectangular box body and is used for discharging the water sucked in the rectangular box body to the outside.
As a preferable mode of the closed water area vortex type impurity collecting device for hydraulic engineering, the second drainage device comprises:
the second drainage chamber is vertically and fixedly installed at the bottom end of the rectangular box body, a submersible water pump is arranged inside the second drainage chamber, a second drainage pipe is vertically extended outwards from the side wall, far away from one side of the connecting body, of the second drainage chamber, and the output end of the submersible water pump is communicated with the second drainage pipe.
As a preferable scheme of the closed water area vortex type impurity collecting device for hydraulic engineering, the expansion and contraction assembly comprises:
the expansion and contraction driving mechanism is arranged in the connecting main body, six output ends of the expansion and contraction driving mechanism are respectively fixedly connected with the side walls of the six split pumping impurity collecting components, the split pumping impurity collecting components are arranged on the connecting main body, and the expansion and contraction driving mechanism can output and drive the six split pumping impurity collecting components to be synchronously far away from or close to the connecting main body so as to realize the functions of expansion and contraction;
the auxiliary connecting mechanisms are provided with six groups, each group of auxiliary connecting mechanisms is respectively positioned between every two adjacent split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies, two ends of each group of auxiliary connecting mechanisms are respectively fixedly connected with one side of each of the two split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies, and each auxiliary connecting mechanism is used for connecting each split water pumping impurity collecting assembly, so that the split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies keep balance on the horizontal position, and the length of each auxiliary connecting mechanism can be changed according to the expansion and contraction size of each split water pumping impurity collecting assembly.
As a preferable scheme of the eddy current type impurity collecting device for the closed water area for the hydraulic engineering, the expansion and contraction driving mechanism comprises:
the servo motor is vertically arranged at the top end of the connecting body, and the output end of the servo motor is vertically arranged downwards;
the driving disc is horizontally and rotatably arranged in the middle of the connecting main body, and the output end of the servo motor is fixedly connected with the center of the top end of the driving disc;
the six driven gears are annularly distributed along the axial direction of the driving disc, the bottom end of the driving disc is provided with an annular rack meshed with the driven gears, and each driven gear is in transmission connection with the driving disc through the annular rack;
the six threaded telescopic rods are distributed annularly along the axis direction of the driving disc, correspond to the driven gears one by one, one end of each threaded telescopic rod is fixedly connected with the center of the driven gear, the threaded telescopic rods are connected with the side wall of the connecting main body in a shaft connection mode, and one end, away from the driven gear, of each threaded telescopic rod is fixedly connected with the side wall of the split water pumping and impurity collecting component;
the installation guide frame is horizontally installed on the connecting main body, six supporting plates are arranged on the installation guide frame, and the six supporting plates are fixedly connected with the middle parts of the six threaded telescopic rods respectively.
As a preferable scheme of the closed water area vortex type impurity collecting device for the hydraulic engineering, the auxiliary connecting mechanism comprises:
two connecting columns are arranged and are respectively and fixedly arranged on the side wall of one side, close to each other, of the two split water pumping impurity collecting components;
the length direction of the limiting telescopic rod is consistent with the length direction of the connecting columns;
spacing post is equipped with two, and two spacing posts are located respectively between two spliced poles and the spacing telescopic link, the one end of spacing post and the lateral wall fixed connection of spliced pole, the other end of spacing post extend to spacing telescopic link inside and with the inboard sliding connection of spacing telescopic link, the both ends of spacing telescopic link all are equipped with the spacing ring.
As a preferred scheme of the closed water area vortex type impurity collecting device for the hydraulic engineering, a waterproof cover is further arranged at the top end of the connecting main body and sleeved on the servo motor.
As a preferable scheme of the closed water area vortex type impurity collecting device for hydraulic engineering, the floating assembly comprises:
the first buoy is fixedly arranged on the connecting main body and is used for driving the connecting main body to float on the water surface;
the second buoy is fixedly arranged on the split water pumping and impurity collecting component and is used for driving the split water pumping and impurity collecting component to float on the water surface, and enabling upper-layer water and floating garbage on the water surface to enter the split water pumping and impurity collecting component for impurity collecting treatment;
the third floats, and fixed mounting is on the miscellaneous subassembly of main part water pumping collection for drive the main part water pumping collection miscellaneous subassembly and float in the specific water depths at water middle part, so that the miscellaneous subassembly of main part water pumping collection realizes the vortex edulcoration effect in aqueous.
As a preferred scheme of the closed water area vortex type impurity collecting device for the hydraulic engineering, the first buoy, the second buoy and the third buoy are inflatable buoyancy adjustable buoys.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the closed water area vortex type impurity collecting device for the hydraulic engineering can automatically and efficiently collect garbage on the water surface, reduces the labor intensity of workers, quickly cleans the garbage in various modes such as vortex impurity collection, split impurity collection and the like, improves the working efficiency, can change the relative position between the connecting main body and the split water pumping impurity collecting component according to the size of the collecting net, further changes the collecting range, improves the adaptability of equipment, can float on the water surface for operation, and avoids manual fishing operation.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the expansion and contraction assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of the expanding and contracting driving mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of the auxiliary connecting mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective view of the split water pumping and impurity collecting assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic perspective view of the main body water pumping and impurity collecting assembly of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a partial perspective view of the present invention.
The reference numbers in the figures are:
1-a connecting body; 2-a split water pumping and impurity collecting component; 3-expanding and contracting components; 4-a main body water pumping and impurity collecting component; 5-a floating assembly; 6-hexagonal box body; 7-a main sewage collecting net; 8-a first water draining chamber; 9-a first drain pipe; 10-a rectangular box body; 11-water inlet gap; 12-diversity dirt network; 13-a second drain chamber; 14-a second drain pipe; 15-a servo motor; 16-a drive disc; 17-a driven gear; 18-a ring-shaped rack; 19-a threaded telescopic rod; 20-installing a guide frame; 21-connecting column; 22-a limit telescopic rod; 23-a limiting column; 24-a waterproof cover; 25-a first buoy; 26-a second buoy; 27-third float.
Detailed Description
The following description is presented to disclose the invention so as to enable any person skilled in the art to practice the invention. The preferred embodiments in the following description are given by way of example only, and other obvious variations will occur to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1-4, a closed water eddy type impurity collecting device for hydraulic engineering comprises:
a connecting body 1;
the six split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies 2 are annularly distributed on the outer side of the connecting main body 1 along the axis direction of the hexagonal box body 6, and the split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies 2 are used for sucking water on the water surface, collecting floating objects on the water surface and discharging the sucked water outwards from the water;
the expansion and contraction component 3 is arranged in the connecting main body 1, six output ends of the expansion and contraction component 3 are in transmission connection with the side walls of the six split water pumping impurity collecting components 2 respectively, and the expansion and contraction component 3 is used for driving the split water pumping impurity collecting components 2 to be close to or far away from the connecting main body 1, so that the water surface garbage collection range is controlled;
the main body water pumping impurity collecting component 4 is arranged right below the connecting main body 1, the six split water pumping impurity collecting components 2 are arranged around the center of the connecting main body 1 in the water surface water absorbing direction, and the main body water pumping impurity collecting component 4 is used for discharging water flowing downwards from the water surface from the lower part of the main body water pumping impurity collecting component 4, so that the six split water pumping impurity collecting components 2 are matched with each other to form a vortex on the water surface, the speed of water flow on the water surface is accelerated, and the collecting efficiency is improved;
the floating assembly 5 is arranged on the connecting main body 1, the split water pumping impurity collecting assembly 2, the expansion and contraction assembly 3 and the main body water pumping impurity collecting assembly 4 and is used for overcoming the gravity to enable the equipment to float in water;
the main body water pumping and impurity collecting component 4 comprises:
the hexagonal box body 6 is vertically arranged right below the connecting main body 1 and is positioned in the middle of the water body, and a water inlet is formed in the top end of the hexagonal box body 6 and is used for sucking water body vortex formed in the split water pumping and impurity collecting component 2 into the hexagonal box body 6;
the center of the main sewage collecting net 7 is detachably arranged at the top end of the hexagonal box body 6, the outer side edges of the main sewage collecting net 7 are detachably connected with the side walls of the six split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies 2 respectively, and the main sewage collecting net 7 is used for collecting floating garbage collected in a vortex in a centralized manner;
first drainage device, vertical setting is in 6 bottoms of hexagon box for with the inspiratory rivers downward discharge in the hexagon box 6, collect rubbish through main dirty net 7 of collection at the drainage in-process.
The first drain device shown with reference to fig. 1 to 4 includes:
first water drainage room 8, vertical fixed mounting is in the below of hexagon box 6, and the inside of first water drainage room 8 is equipped with dive formula suction pump, and the bottom of first water drainage room 8 is vertical downwards to extend first drain pipe 9, and the output and the first drain pipe 9 intercommunication of dive formula suction pump. When the first drainage device works, the water inside the hexagonal box body 6 is pumped out downwards through the submersible water pump installed inside the first drainage chamber 8, and the water is discharged out of the device downwards through the first drainage pipe 9, so that the balance between the whole water outlet and the water inlet of the main body water pumping and impurity collecting component 4 is kept, the collection effect of garbage can be gathered by vortex formation, and the whole main body water pumping and impurity collecting component 4 is located at the fixed height of a water body.
The split water pumping and impurity collecting assembly 2 shown in fig. 8 comprises:
the water surface connecting device comprises a rectangular box body 10, a connecting main body 1 and a plurality of groups of rectangular box bodies 10, wherein the rectangular box body 10 is vertically arranged on the outer side of the connecting main body 1, one side of the rectangular box body 10 in the anticlockwise direction and one side far away from the connecting main body 1 are provided with water inlet gaps 11, the height of each water inlet gap 11 is lower than the height of a water surface, the rectangular box body 10 is used for enabling water on the water surface to continuously flow into the rectangular box body 10 through the water inlet gaps 11, and the plurality of groups of;
the sewage collecting and distributing net 12 is arranged in the rectangular box body 10, a net inlet at the top end of the sewage collecting and distributing net 12 is connected with the top end of the rectangular box body 10 through a bolt, the bottom end of the sewage collecting and distributing net 12 is arranged in the rectangular box body 10, and the sewage collecting and distributing net 12 is used for collecting garbage impurities carried in the water surface in a centralized manner when the rectangular box body 10 sucks water on the water surface into the rectangular box body 10, so that a certain water surface cleaning effect is realized;
and the second drainage device is vertically and fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the rectangular box body 10 and is used for discharging water sucked in the rectangular box body 10 to the outside. When the split water pumping and dirt collecting component 2 works, water on the water surface flows into the rectangular box body 10 through the dirt collecting and collecting net 12, the water flowing into the rectangular box body 10 is discharged outwards through the output of the second water discharging device, and floating garbage in the water is collected in a centralized mode through the dirt collecting and collecting net 12 in the water discharging process.
The second drain device shown with reference to fig. 8 includes:
the second drainage chamber 13 is vertically and fixedly installed at the bottom end of the rectangular box body 10, a submersible water pump is arranged inside the second drainage chamber 13, a second drainage pipe 14 vertically extends outwards from the side wall, far away from one side of the connecting body 1, of the second drainage chamber 13, and the output end of the submersible water pump is communicated with the second drainage pipe 14. When the second drainage device works, water in the rectangular box body 10 is pumped out through the submersible water pump arranged in the second drainage chamber 13 and is discharged in the direction far away from one side of the connecting main body 1 through the second drainage pipe 14, so that the balance of the whole water outlet and water inlet of the split water pumping and impurity collecting component 2 is kept, and the garbage gathering and collecting effect can be realized through the sewage gathering net 12 in the rectangular box body 10.
The expansion and contraction assembly 3 shown with reference to fig. 5 to 7 includes:
the expansion and contraction driving mechanism is arranged in the connecting main body 1, six output ends of the expansion and contraction driving mechanism are respectively fixedly connected with the side walls of the six split water pumping impurity collecting components 2, the expansion and contraction driving mechanism is used for arranging the split water pumping impurity collecting components 2 on the connecting main body 1, and the expansion and contraction driving mechanism can output and drive the six split water pumping impurity collecting components 2 to synchronously move away from or close to the connecting main body 1 so as to realize the functions of expansion and contraction;
the auxiliary connecting mechanisms are provided with six groups, each group of auxiliary connecting mechanisms is respectively positioned between every two adjacent split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies 2, two ends of each group of auxiliary connecting mechanisms are respectively fixedly connected with one side of each of the two split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies 2, and each auxiliary connecting mechanism is used for connecting each split water pumping impurity collecting assembly 2, so that the split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies 2 keep balance on the horizontal position, and the length of each auxiliary connecting mechanism can be changed according to the expansion and contraction size of the split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies 2. When the expansion and contraction assembly 3 works, the distance between the split water pumping and impurity collecting assembly 2 and the connecting main body 1 is changed through the output of the expansion and contraction driving mechanism, so that the range of water surface garbage collection is changed, the garbage collection effect can be changed according to the requirement, and the auxiliary connecting mechanism is used for connecting the two adjacent split water pumping and impurity collecting assemblies 2 to keep balance in the horizontal direction.
The expansion and contraction driving mechanism shown with reference to fig. 5 to 7 includes:
the servo motor 15 is vertically arranged at the top end of the connecting body 1, and the output end of the servo motor 15 is vertically arranged downwards;
the driving disc 16 is horizontally and rotatably arranged in the middle of the connecting main body 1, and the output end of the servo motor 15 is fixedly connected with the center of the top end of the driving disc 16;
six driven gears 17 are arranged, the six driven gears 17 are annularly distributed along the axial direction of the driving disc 16, an annular rack 18 meshed with the driven gears 17 is arranged at the bottom end of the driving disc 16, and each driven gear 17 is in transmission connection with the driving disc 16 through the annular rack 18;
the six threaded telescopic rods 19 are annularly distributed along the axial direction of the driving disc 16, the threaded telescopic rods 19 correspond to the driven gears 17 one by one, one end of each threaded telescopic rod 19 is fixedly connected with the center of the driven gear 17, the threaded telescopic rods 19 are in shaft connection with the side wall of the connecting main body 1, and one end, away from the driven gear 17, of each threaded telescopic rod 19 is fixedly connected with the side wall of the split water pumping and impurity collecting component 2;
and the installation guide frame 20 is horizontally installed on the connecting main body 1, and the installation guide frame 20 is provided with six support plates which are respectively and fixedly connected with the middle parts of the six threaded telescopic rods 19. When the expansion and contraction driving mechanism works, the driving disc 16 is driven to rotate through the output of the servo motor 15, the driving disc 16 drives the driven gear 17 meshed with the driving disc to rotate, the driven gear 17 drives the threaded telescopic rod 19 fixedly connected with the driven gear to achieve the telescopic function, and further drives the split water pumping impurity collecting component 2 fixedly connected with the driven gear to be close to or far away from the connecting main body 1, the expansion and contraction functions of the split water pumping impurity collecting component 2 are achieved, the main sewage collecting nets 7 with different sizes are installed between the split water pumping impurity collecting component 2 and the main water pumping impurity collecting component 4, the water surface garbage collection range is changed, and the installation guide frame 20 is used for installing the threaded telescopic rod 19.
The auxiliary connection mechanism shown with reference to fig. 5 to 7 includes:
two connecting columns 21 are arranged, and the two connecting columns 21 are respectively and fixedly arranged on the side wall of one side, close to each other, of the two split water pumping impurity collecting components 2;
the limiting telescopic rod 22 is arranged between the two connecting columns 21, and the length direction of the limiting telescopic rod 22 is consistent with that of the connecting columns 21;
spacing post 23 is equipped with two, and two spacing posts 23 are located respectively between two spliced poles 21 and the spacing telescopic link 22, the one end of spacing post 23 and spliced pole 21's lateral wall fixed connection, the other end of spacing post 23 extend to spacing telescopic link 22 inside and with the inboard sliding connection of spacing telescopic link 22, the both ends of spacing telescopic link 22 all are equipped with the spacing ring. When the auxiliary connecting mechanism works, the limiting column 23 is fixedly connected to the split water pumping and impurity collecting components 2 through the connecting column 21, when the expansion and contraction driving mechanism works, the end part of the limiting column 23 slides in the limiting telescopic rod 22, and then the connecting length between the two split water pumping and impurity collecting components 2 is increased or reduced, so that a dynamic connecting relation is realized, and the connecting relation between the auxiliary connecting mechanism and each split water pumping and impurity collecting component 2 is realized.
Referring to fig. 5, the top end of the connecting body 1 is further provided with a waterproof cover 24, and the waterproof cover 24 is sleeved on the servo motor 15. When the expansion and contraction assembly 3 works, the servo motor 15 is covered inside the connecting body 1 through the waterproof cover 24, so that the servo motor 15 is prevented from water entering during working, and a waterproof function is achieved.
The floatation assembly 5 shown with reference to fig. 5-10 includes:
the first buoy 25 is fixedly arranged on the connecting main body 1 and is used for driving the connecting main body 1 to float on the water surface;
the second buoy 26 is fixedly arranged on the split water pumping impurity collecting component 2 and is used for driving the split water pumping impurity collecting component 2 to float on the water surface, and enabling upper water and floating garbage on the water surface to enter the split water pumping impurity collecting component 2 for impurity collecting treatment;
the third floats 27, fixed mounting is on the miscellaneous subassembly 4 of main part pumping water collection for drive the main part pumping water collection miscellaneous subassembly 4 and float in the specific water depths at water middle part, so that the miscellaneous subassembly 4 of main part pumping water collection realizes the vortex edulcoration effect in aqueous. When the floating assembly 5 works, the floating function of the whole equipment is realized through the first buoy 25, the second buoy 26 and the third buoy 27, so that the equipment can carry out impurity removal work at a specific height in a closed water area.
The first buoy 25, the second buoy 26 and the third buoy 27 shown in the figures 5-10 are all inflatable buoyancy-adjustable buoys. When the floating assembly 5 works, an operator can adjust the inflation amount in the first buoy 25, the second buoy 26 and the third buoy 27 according to different requirements, and further control the floating height of the buoy carrying equipment.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
when the device works, the expansion and contraction component 3 drives the split pumping impurity collecting component 2 to change relative to the position of the connecting main body 1, the servo motor 15 outputs to drive the driving disc 16 to rotate, the driving disc 16 drives the driven gear 17 engaged with the driving disc to rotate, the driven gear 17 drives the threaded telescopic rod 19 fixedly connected with the driven gear to realize the telescopic function, further the split pumping impurity collecting component 2 fixedly connected with the driven gear is driven to be close to or far away from the connecting main body 1, the expansion and contraction functions of the split pumping impurity collecting component 2 are realized, the main sewage collecting nets 7 with different sizes are arranged between the split pumping impurity collecting component 2 and the main pumping impurity collecting component 4, the water surface garbage collection range is changed, the garbage collection effect can be changed according to requirements, the auxiliary connecting mechanism is used for connecting the two adjacent split pumping impurity collecting components 2 to keep balance in the horizontal direction, the limit column 23 is fixedly connected to the split water pumping impurity collecting component 2 through the connecting column 21, the end part of the limit column 23 slides in the limit telescopic rod 22 while the expansion and contraction driving mechanism works, so that the connection length between the two split water pumping impurity collecting components 2 is increased or reduced, a dynamic connection relation is realized, the connection relation between each split water pumping impurity collecting component 2 by the auxiliary connecting mechanism is realized, when the first drainage device works, water in the hexagonal box body 6 is pumped downwards through the submersible water pump arranged in the first drainage chamber 8 and is drained downwards through the first drainage pipe 9, so that the balance of the whole water outlet and water inlet of the main body water pumping impurity collecting component 4 is kept, the garbage gathering and collecting effect can be formed by utilizing vortex, when the second drainage device works, the water in the rectangular box body 10 is pumped out through the submersible water pump arranged in the second drainage chamber 13, the water is discharged to the direction far away from one side of the connecting main body 1 through the second water discharge pipe 14, so that the balance of the whole water outlet and water inlet of the split water pumping impurity collecting component 2 is kept, the garbage gathering and collecting effect can be realized in the rectangular box body 10 through the sewage collecting net 12, the split garbage collecting effect of each split water pumping impurity collecting component 2 and the whole eddy current impurity collecting effect of the main body water pumping impurity collecting component 4 are further realized, and the garbage collecting efficiency is improved. And then change the collection scope, improved the adaptability of equipment, can float the operation on the surface of water, avoid artifical fishing operation.
The device/apparatus/method realizes the functions of the invention by the following steps, thereby solving the technical problems proposed by the invention:
step one, when the expansion and contraction assembly 3 works, the distance between the split water pumping and impurity collecting assembly 2 and the connecting main body 1 is changed through the output of the expansion and contraction driving mechanism, so that the range of water surface garbage collection is changed, the garbage collection effect can be changed according to requirements, and the auxiliary connecting mechanism is used for connecting two adjacent split water pumping and impurity collecting assemblies 2 to keep balance in the horizontal direction.
Step two, when the expansion and contraction driving mechanism works, the servo motor 15 outputs and drives the driving disc 16 to rotate, the driving disc 16 drives the driven gear 17 meshed with the driving disc to rotate, the driven gear 17 drives the threaded telescopic rod 19 fixedly connected with the driven gear to achieve the telescopic function, and further drives the split pumping impurity collecting component 2 fixedly connected with the driven gear to be close to or far away from the connecting main body 1, the expansion and contraction functions of the split pumping impurity collecting component 2 are achieved, the main sewage collecting nets 7 with different sizes are installed between the split pumping impurity collecting component 2 and the main pumping impurity collecting component 4, the water surface garbage collection range is changed, and the installation guide frame 20 is used for installing the threaded telescopic rod 19.
Step three, when the expansion and contraction assembly 3 works, the servo motor 15 is covered inside the connecting main body 1 through the waterproof cover 24, so that the servo motor 15 is prevented from water entering during working, and a waterproof function is achieved.
And step four, when the auxiliary connecting mechanism works, the limiting column 23 is fixedly connected to the split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies 2 through the connecting column 21, and when the expansion and contraction driving mechanism works, the end part of the limiting column 23 slides in the limiting telescopic rod 22, so that the connecting length between the two split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies 2 is increased or reduced, the dynamic connecting relation is realized, and the connecting relation between each two split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies 2 by the auxiliary connecting mechanism is realized.
And step five, when the first drainage device works, pumping out water inside the hexagonal box body 6 downwards through a submersible water pump installed inside the first drainage chamber 8, and discharging the water outside the device downwards through the first drainage pipe 9, so that the balance of the whole water outlet and water inlet of the main body water pumping and impurity collecting component 4 is kept, the gathering and collecting effect on garbage can be formed by utilizing vortex, and the whole main body water pumping and impurity collecting component 4 is located at the fixed height of the water body.
Step six, when the split water pumping and impurity collecting component 2 works, water on the water surface flows into the rectangular box body 10 through the sewage collecting and collecting net 12, the water flowing into the rectangular box body 10 is discharged outwards through the output of the second water discharging device, and floating garbage in the water is collected in a centralized manner through the sewage collecting and collecting net 12 in the water discharging process.
And seventhly, when the second drainage device works, pumping out water in the rectangular box body 10 through a submersible water pump arranged in the second drainage chamber 13, and discharging the water in the direction far away from one side of the connecting main body 1 through the second drainage pipe 14, so that the balance of the whole water outlet and water inlet of the split water pumping and impurity collecting component 2 is kept, and the garbage gathering and collecting effect can be realized through the sewage collecting net 12 in the rectangular box body 10.
And step eight, when the floating assembly 5 works, the floating function of the whole equipment is realized through the first buoy 25, the second buoy 26 and the third buoy 27, so that the equipment can carry out impurity removal work at a specific height in a closed water area.
Step nine, when the floating assembly 5 works, an operator can adjust the inflation amount in the first float 25, the second float 26 and the third float 27 according to different requirements, and further control the floating height of the float carrying equipment.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are merely illustrative of the principles of the invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a hydraulic engineering is with miscellaneous device of closed waters vortex formula collection which characterized in that includes:
a connecting body (1);
the six split water pumping impurity collecting components (2) are annularly distributed on the outer side of the connecting main body (1) along the axis direction of the hexagonal box body (6), and the split water pumping impurity collecting components (2) are used for sucking water on the water surface, collecting floaters on the water surface and discharging the sucked water outwards from the water;
the expansion and contraction assembly (3) is arranged in the connecting main body (1), six output ends of the expansion and contraction assembly (3) are in transmission connection with the side walls of the six split water pumping and impurity collecting assemblies (2) respectively, and the expansion and contraction assembly (3) is used for driving the split water pumping and impurity collecting assemblies (2) to be close to or far away from the connecting main body (1), so that the collection range of water surface garbage is controlled;
the water pumping and impurity collecting main body assembly (4) is arranged right below the connecting main body (1), the six split water pumping and impurity collecting assemblies (2) are arranged around the center of the connecting main body (1) in the water absorbing direction, and the water pumping and impurity collecting main body assembly (4) is used for discharging water flowing downwards from the lower part of the water pumping and impurity collecting main body assembly (4), so that the water pumping and impurity collecting main body assembly (2) is matched with the water pumping and impurity collecting main body assembly to form a vortex on the water surface, the speed of water flow on the water surface is accelerated, and the collecting efficiency is improved;
the floating assembly (5) is arranged on the connecting main body (1), the split water pumping and impurity collecting assembly (2), the expansion and contraction assembly (3) and the main body water pumping and impurity collecting assembly (4) and is used for overcoming the gravity to enable the equipment to float in water;
the main body water pumping impurity collecting assembly (4) comprises:
the hexagonal box body (6) is vertically arranged right below the connecting main body (1) and is positioned in the middle of the water body, and a water inlet is formed in the top end of the hexagonal box body (6) and is used for sucking the water body vortex formed in the split water pumping and impurity collecting component (2) into the hexagonal box body (6);
the center of the main sewage collecting net (7) is detachably arranged at the top end of the hexagonal box body (6), the outer side edges of the main sewage collecting net (7) are detachably connected with the side walls of the six split water pumping and impurity collecting assemblies (2) respectively, and the main sewage collecting net (7) is used for collecting floating garbage collected in a vortex in a centralized manner;
first drainage device, vertical setting is in hexagon box (6) bottom for with inspiratory rivers discharge downwards in hexagon box (6), collect rubbish through main dirty net (7) of collection at the drainage in-process.
2. The vortex type impurity collector for closed water areas for hydraulic engineering according to claim 1, wherein the first drainage device comprises:
first row of water room (8), vertical fixed mounting is in the below of hexagon box (6), and the inside of first row of water room (8) is equipped with dive suction pump, and the bottom of first row of water room (8) is vertical downwards to extend first drain pipe (9), and the output and first drain pipe (9) the intercommunication of dive suction pump.
3. The closed water body vortex type impurity collecting device for the hydraulic engineering as claimed in claim 1, wherein the split water pumping impurity collecting assembly (2) comprises:
the water-saving water tank comprises a rectangular tank body (10) which is vertically arranged on the outer side of a connecting main body (1), wherein a water inlet notch (11) is formed in one side of the rectangular tank body (10) in the anticlockwise direction and one side of the rectangular tank body (10) far away from the connecting main body (1), the height of the water inlet notch (11) is lower than that of the water surface, the rectangular tank body (10) is used for enabling water on the water surface to continuously flow into the rectangular tank body (10) through the water inlet notch (11), and a plurality of groups of rectangular tank bodies (10) are arranged around the connecting main body (1) so;
the water surface cleaning device comprises a water surface cleaning device, a water surface cleaning device and a water surface cleaning system, wherein a separating and collecting net (12) is arranged in a rectangular box body (10), the net inlet at the top end of the separating and collecting net (12) is connected with the top end of the rectangular box body (10) through a bolt, the bottom end of the separating and collecting net (12) is arranged in the rectangular box body (10), and the separating and collecting net (12) is used for collecting garbage impurities carried in the water surface in a centralized manner when the rectangular box body (10) sucks water on the water surface into the rectangular box body (10), so that a certain water surface cleaning effect;
and the second drainage device is vertically and fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the rectangular box body (10) and is used for discharging water sucked in the rectangular box body (10) to the outside.
4. A closed water body vortex type impurity collecting device for hydraulic engineering according to claim 3, wherein the second drainage device comprises:
the second drainage chamber (13) is vertically and fixedly installed at the bottom end of the rectangular box body (10), a submersible water pump is arranged inside the second drainage chamber (13), a second drainage pipe (14) is vertically extended outwards from the side wall, far away from one side of the connecting body (1), of the second drainage chamber (13), and the output end of the submersible water pump is communicated with the second drainage pipe (14).
5. The vortex type impurity collector for closed water body of hydraulic engineering according to claim 1, wherein the expansion and contraction assembly (3) comprises:
the expansion and contraction driving mechanism is arranged in the connecting main body (1), six output ends of the expansion and contraction driving mechanism are respectively fixedly connected with the side walls of the six split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies (2) and used for arranging the split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies (2) on the connecting main body (1), and the expansion and contraction driving mechanism can output and drive the six split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies (2) to be synchronously far away from or close to the connecting main body (1) so as to realize the functions of expansion and contraction;
the auxiliary connecting mechanisms are provided with six groups, each group of auxiliary connecting mechanisms is respectively positioned between every two adjacent split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies (2), two ends of each group of auxiliary connecting mechanisms are respectively fixedly connected with one side of each two split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies (2), and each auxiliary connecting mechanism is used for connecting each split water pumping impurity collecting assembly (2), so that the split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies (2) keep balance on the horizontal position, and the length of each auxiliary connecting mechanism can be changed according to the expansion and contraction size of the split water pumping impurity collecting assemblies (2).
6. The vortex type impurity collecting device for closed water body for hydraulic engineering as claimed in claim 5, wherein the expansion and contraction driving mechanism comprises:
the servo motor (15) is vertically arranged at the top end of the connecting body (1), and the output end of the servo motor (15) is vertically arranged downwards;
the driving disc (16) is horizontally and rotatably arranged in the middle of the connecting main body (1), and the output end of the servo motor (15) is fixedly connected with the center of the top end of the driving disc (16);
the six driven gears (17) are annularly distributed along the axial direction of the driving disc (16), the bottom end of the driving disc (16) is provided with an annular rack (18) meshed with the driven gears (17), and each driven gear (17) is in transmission connection with the driving disc (16) through the annular rack (18);
the six threaded telescopic rods (19) are distributed annularly along the axis direction of the driving disc (16), the threaded telescopic rods (19) correspond to the driven gears (17) one to one, one ends of the threaded telescopic rods (19) are fixedly connected with the center of the driven gears (17), the threaded telescopic rods (19) are in shaft connection with the side wall of the connecting main body (1), and one ends of the threaded telescopic rods (19) far away from the driven gears (17) are fixedly connected with the side wall of the split water pumping and impurity collecting component (2);
the installation guide frame (20) is horizontally installed on the connecting main body (1), six supporting plates are arranged on the installation guide frame (20), and the six supporting plates are fixedly connected with the middle parts of the six threaded telescopic rods (19) respectively.
7. The vortex type impurity collecting device for closed water areas for hydraulic engineering as claimed in claim 5, wherein the auxiliary connecting mechanism comprises:
two connecting columns (21) are arranged, and the two connecting columns (21) are respectively and fixedly arranged on the side wall of one side, close to each other, of the two split water pumping and impurity collecting components (2);
the limiting telescopic rod (22) is arranged between the two connecting columns (21), and the length direction of the limiting telescopic rod (22) is consistent with that of the connecting columns (21);
spacing post (23), be equipped with two, two spacing posts (23) are located respectively between two spliced poles (21) and spacing telescopic link (22), the one end of spacing post (23) and the lateral wall fixed connection of spliced pole (21), the other end of spacing post (23) extend to inside and with the inboard sliding connection of spacing telescopic link (22), the both ends of spacing telescopic link (22) all are equipped with the spacing ring.
8. The vortex type impurity collecting device for the closed water area of the water conservancy project according to claim 6, wherein a waterproof cover (24) is further arranged at the top end of the connecting main body (1), and the waterproof cover (24) is sleeved on the servo motor (15).
9. A closed water body vortex type impurity collecting device for hydraulic engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that the floating assembly (5) comprises:
the first buoy (25) is fixedly arranged on the connecting main body (1) and is used for driving the connecting main body (1) to float on the water surface;
the second buoy (26) is fixedly arranged on the split water pumping and impurity collecting component (2) and is used for driving the split water pumping and impurity collecting component (2) to float on the water surface, and enabling upper-layer water and floating garbage on the water surface to enter the split water pumping and impurity collecting component (2) for impurity collecting treatment;
the third floats (27), fixed mounting is on the miscellaneous subassembly of main part water pumping collection (4) for it floats at the specific water depths at water middle part to drive the miscellaneous subassembly of main part water pumping collection (4), so that the miscellaneous subassembly of main part water pumping collection (4) realize the vortex edulcoration effect in aqueous.
10. The closed water area vortex type impurity collecting device for the hydraulic engineering according to claim 9, wherein the first buoy (25), the second buoy (26) and the third buoy (27) are inflatable buoyancy adjustable buoys.
CN202011532591.9A 2020-12-22 2020-12-22 Hydraulic engineering is with miscellaneous device of closed waters vortex formula collection Active CN112779897B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115288104A (en) * 2022-10-10 2022-11-04 日照市海洋与渔业研究院(日照市海域使用动态监视监测中心、日照市水生野生动物救护站) Floating type water cleaning device

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GB1026248A (en) * 1963-11-14 1966-04-14 Shell Int Research Vessel for collecting matter floating on water
JP2000303438A (en) * 1999-04-21 2000-10-31 Shinko Electric Co Ltd Water purifying device and water purifying method
WO2004111347A1 (en) * 2003-06-18 2004-12-23 Olafur Ogmundsson Method and apparatus for recovery of oil spills
US9644335B1 (en) * 2015-03-12 2017-05-09 Daniel J. Lum Method and apparatus for mechanical recovery of hydrocarbons in broken ocean ice conditions
CN110130290A (en) * 2019-05-23 2019-08-16 张玉杰 A kind of marine float refuse collector
CN111058433A (en) * 2020-01-03 2020-04-24 天津科技大学 Marine micro-plastic recycling device with telescopic interceptor, method and application
CN112012180A (en) * 2020-09-08 2020-12-01 王陈银 Water surface floating garbage collecting device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1026248A (en) * 1963-11-14 1966-04-14 Shell Int Research Vessel for collecting matter floating on water
JP2000303438A (en) * 1999-04-21 2000-10-31 Shinko Electric Co Ltd Water purifying device and water purifying method
WO2004111347A1 (en) * 2003-06-18 2004-12-23 Olafur Ogmundsson Method and apparatus for recovery of oil spills
US9644335B1 (en) * 2015-03-12 2017-05-09 Daniel J. Lum Method and apparatus for mechanical recovery of hydrocarbons in broken ocean ice conditions
CN110130290A (en) * 2019-05-23 2019-08-16 张玉杰 A kind of marine float refuse collector
CN111058433A (en) * 2020-01-03 2020-04-24 天津科技大学 Marine micro-plastic recycling device with telescopic interceptor, method and application
CN112012180A (en) * 2020-09-08 2020-12-01 王陈银 Water surface floating garbage collecting device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115288104A (en) * 2022-10-10 2022-11-04 日照市海洋与渔业研究院(日照市海域使用动态监视监测中心、日照市水生野生动物救护站) Floating type water cleaning device

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