CN112676959B - Special-shaped workpiece side edge polishing equipment and polishing method thereof - Google Patents

Special-shaped workpiece side edge polishing equipment and polishing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112676959B
CN112676959B CN202011550874.6A CN202011550874A CN112676959B CN 112676959 B CN112676959 B CN 112676959B CN 202011550874 A CN202011550874 A CN 202011550874A CN 112676959 B CN112676959 B CN 112676959B
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grinding
workpiece
polishing
disc
driving
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CN112676959A (en
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张俊
王克见
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Nanjing Tianze Auto Subassembly Co ltd
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Nanjing Tianze Auto Subassembly Co ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a grinding device and a grinding method for the side edge of a special-shaped workpiece, wherein the grinding device for the side edge of the special-shaped workpiece comprises: the polishing device comprises a supporting seat, a rotating device fixedly arranged on the supporting seat and a polishing device fixedly arranged on the supporting seat and positioned on one side of the rotating device; the top of the polishing workbench is provided with an angle adjusting mechanism, and one side of the polishing device is provided with a dust removal device and a debris cleaning mechanism; and a correcting mechanism is arranged between the grinding device and the rotating device. The workpiece is rotated clockwise by adopting a double-shaft rotating mode, the grinding wheel is anticlockwise, effective grinding is greatly increased, different grinding speeds can be realized for workpieces with different precision requirements, the grinding precision is controllable, and the angle adjusting device and the correcting mechanism are additionally arranged, so that the grinding device can adjust the position of the workpiece with different shapes and sizes in the grinding process, and can grind special-shaped surfaces and curved surfaces of multiple workpieces.

Description

Special-shaped workpiece side edge polishing equipment and polishing method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of part processing equipment, and particularly relates to special-shaped workpiece side edge polishing equipment and a polishing method thereof.
Background
The conventional workpiece edge polishing device can only perform automatic machining on workpieces in conventional shapes, a manual or special numerical control polishing machine is usually adopted when polishing special-shaped pieces, the numerical control polishing machine needs to accurately calculate the size of the special-shaped pieces and can only be applied to continuous use of single special-shaped pieces, the numerical control equipment is high in cost, large-scale purchase is difficult for small and medium enterprises, and further the yield and the efficiency are low; and then adopt the polisher that uses triangle dull and stereotyped wire drawing machine as the main, adopt manual regulation to compress tightly the abrasive band and make it laminate with the work piece polished surface in the process of polishing, triangle dull and stereotyped wire drawing machine can only polish the plane, can't polish to the dysmorphism face or the curved surface on the edge of work piece, consequently need assist the mode of artifical polishing to polish the edge, consequently can't realize efficient batch production.
Disclosure of Invention
The purpose of the invention is as follows: the utility model provides a polishing device and a polishing method for the side edge of a special-shaped workpiece, which are used for solving the problems in the prior art.
The technical scheme is as follows: a dysmorphism work piece side equipment of polishing includes:
the grinding device comprises a supporting seat, a rotating device fixedly installed on the supporting seat and a grinding device fixedly installed on the supporting seat and located on one side of the rotating device.
In a further embodiment, the support base is L-shaped, the support base comprising: the polishing device comprises a rotary workbench and a polishing workbench which is abutted against one side of the rotary workbench and is perpendicular to the rotary workbench; the top of the rotary workbench is provided with a support for mounting a rotary device; and an angle adjusting mechanism is arranged at the top of the polishing workbench.
In a further embodiment, the rotating device comprises: the rotary table comprises a first driving motor fixedly arranged on the rotary table, a driving gear arranged at the power output end of the first driving motor, a driven gear screwed on one side of the driving gear, a first transmission shaft sleeved on the driven gear, a first bearing seat sleeved on the first transmission shaft and a rotary seat sleeved on the other side of the first bearing seat; the swivel base includes: the rotary table penetrates through the other end of the first transmission shaft, the customized workpiece disc fixedly clamped on the rotary table, and the fixing device arranged on the customized workpiece disc.
In a further embodiment, the angle adjustment mechanism comprises: the polishing device comprises a driving air cylinder fixedly arranged on a polishing workbench, a piston rod inserted in the driving air cylinder, a transmission connecting rod fixedly arranged at the other end of the piston rod, and a rotating arm fixedly connected to the other end of the transmission connecting rod; the rotating arm includes: the polishing device comprises a second transmission shaft rotatably inserted on the polishing workbench, a second bearing seat inserted on the second transmission shaft in a penetrating manner, and a triangular mounting rack fixedly mounted on the second bearing seat; the triangular mounting frame is a right-angled triangle, and the polishing device is fixedly mounted at one end of the top of the triangular mounting frame.
In a further embodiment, a dust removing device is provided at one side of the grinding device, and the dust removing device includes: the conical cover is fixedly arranged on the triangular mounting frame and is communicated with a dust collector arranged on one side of the conical cover through a suction pipe.
In a further embodiment, the grinding device comprises: the polishing machine comprises a triangular mounting frame, a first driving motor, a transmission assembly and a polishing disc assembly, wherein the triangular mounting frame is fixedly arranged on the base; the sanding disc assembly comprising: the third bearing seat is fixedly arranged on the grinding disc component, the third transmission shaft penetrates through the third bearing seat, and the grinding disc is fixedly arranged on the third transmission shaft; the transmission assembly includes: the first driving wheel is sleeved at the output end of the second driving motor, the second driving wheel is sleeved at one end of the third driving shaft, and the driving belt is sleeved on the first driving wheel and the second driving wheel, so that the power of the second driving motor drives the second driving wheel to rotate through the first driving wheel and the driving belt, and further drives the grinding disc on the third driving shaft to rotate.
In a further embodiment, a debris removal mechanism is provided above the sanding disc assembly, the debris removal mechanism comprising: the polishing device comprises a mounting seat arranged above a polishing disc assembly, a rotary cylinder fixedly arranged on the mounting seat, a connecting plate arranged at the output end of the rotary cylinder in a transmission manner, and a cleaning head fixedly arranged at the other end of the connecting plate; the length of the connecting plate is greater than the length of the radius of the polishing disc, and the cross section of the cleaning head is a U-shaped groove surface; the bottom of the cleaning head is provided with a dust collection port, and the other end of the dust collection port is communicated with a dust collector through a pipeline.
In a further embodiment, the other end of the rotating arm is provided with a correction mechanism, and the correction mechanism comprises: the fixer of fixed mounting on the triangle-shaped mounting bracket, the multiunit pulley of fixed mounting in the support alternates in fixer and support and sets up the steel wire on multiunit pulley simultaneously to and the burden pouring weight of fixed connection at the steel wire other end.
In a further embodiment, the other end of the wire is connected to a tensioning device, the tensioning device comprising: the stress detector is fixedly arranged on the steel wire, the tensioning bracket is arranged on one side of the supporting seat, the sliding rail is arranged on the tensioning bracket, the lead screw component is fixedly arranged on the tensioning bracket, and the second fixer is clamped on the sliding rail and is in transmission connection with the lead screw; one end of the lead screw component is in transmission connection with a third driving motor, the second fixer is arranged at the other end of the steel wire, and then the power of the third driving motor drives the second fixer to move on the sliding rail, so that the steel wire is tensioned.
In a further embodiment, the following working steps are included:
s1, placing the workpiece on the customized workpiece tray and fixing the workpiece on the customized workpiece tray by using a fixing device;
s2, adjusting the angle adjusting mechanism according to the distance between the edge of the workpiece and the grinding device, so that a grinding disc in the grinding device is attached to the edge of the workpiece;
s3, a first driving motor of the rotating device is started, power of the first driving motor drives a first transmission shaft to rotate through a gear assembly, and further a customized workpiece disc clamped on a rotary disc and a workpiece are driven to rotate together, and the grinding part is shifted;
s4, arranging steel wires in the correcting mechanism between the grinding device and the rotating device, and adjusting the tension force between the steel wires through the negative weight block or the tensioning device, so that a grinding disc in the grinding device is always attached to the edge of a workpiece, and the distance between the grinding device and the rotating device can be adjusted along with the rotation of the workpiece;
s5, in the grinding process, the dust removal device is started to suck grinding particles and debris on the grinding disc and the grinding station through the conical cover; the connecting plate in the chip cleaning mechanism after polishing is pushed out to one side of the workpiece through the rotary cylinder to be attached to the polished surface of the workpiece, and the chip cleaning is carried out on the polished surface of the workpiece through the cleaning head.
Has the advantages that: compared with the prior polishing device, the invention has the following advantages:
1. adopt biax rotation mode work piece clockwise, the emery wheel is anticlockwise, and greatly increased effectively polishes, and can realize different speeds of polishing to the work piece of different required precision, and it is controllable to realize the precision of polishing, increases angle adjusting device and can let grinding device carry out the position adjustment at the in-process of polishing to the work piece of different shape sizes, can polish for multiplex work piece dysmorphism face and curved surface.
2. Adopt counter weight device or automatic straining device, realize customization and polish round and work piece and compress tightly the effect, and any angle in the work piece rotation process all has the same pressure of polishing, can polish evenly to the side at work piece edge.
3. The structure is simplified, and the customized workpiece disc can be disassembled and recombined according to the shape of the special-shaped piece, so that the adaptability of the customized workpiece disc in the production process is high.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the side edge grinding equipment for the special-shaped workpiece.
Fig. 2 is a rear view of the side edge grinding device for the special-shaped workpiece.
Fig. 3 is a front view of the side edge grinding device for the special-shaped workpiece.
Fig. 4 is a right side view of the side edge grinding device for the special-shaped workpiece.
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the installation of the debris removal mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a drawing of an embodiment of the tensioning device of the invention.
Fig. 7 is a view of an embodiment of the fixing device of the present invention.
Reference numerals: the device comprises a supporting seat 1, a rotary workbench 10, a support 101, a polishing workbench 11, an angle adjusting mechanism 12, a driving air cylinder 120, a piston rod 121, a transmission connecting rod 122, a rotating arm 123, a second transmission shaft 1230, a second bearing seat 1231, a triangular mounting frame 1232, a rotating device 2, a first driving motor 20, a driving gear 21, a driven gear 22, a first transmission shaft 23, a first bearing seat 24, a rotating seat 25, a rotating disk 250, a customized workpiece disk 251, a polishing device 3, a second driving motor 30, a polishing disk assembly 31, a third bearing seat 310, a third transmission shaft 311, a polishing disk 312, a transmission assembly 32, a first transmission wheel 320, a second transmission wheel 321, a transmission belt 322, a dust removing device 4, a conical cover 40, a suction pipe 41, a debris cleaning mechanism 5, a mounting seat 50, a rotary air cylinder 51, a connecting plate 52, a cleaning head 53, a dust suction through hole 530, a correcting mechanism 6, a fixer 60, a rotary rod 32, a rotary rod 123, a rotary rod 3, a rotary device, the tension device comprises a plurality of groups of pulleys 61, steel wires 62, a negative weight 63, a tensioning device 7, a stress detector 70, a tensioning bracket 71, a slide rail 72, a lead screw assembly 73, a second fixer 74, a third driving motor 75, a fixing device 8, a pressing disc 80 and an elastic abutting piece 81.
Detailed Description
In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a more thorough understanding of the present invention. It will be apparent, however, to one skilled in the art, that the present invention may be practiced without one or more of these specific details. In other instances, well-known features have not been described in order to avoid obscuring the invention.
The applicant finds that the existing workpiece edge polishing device can only perform automatic machining on workpieces with conventional shapes, a manual or special numerical control polishing machine is usually adopted when polishing special-shaped pieces, the numerical control polishing machine needs to accurately calculate the size of the special-shaped pieces and can only be applied to continuous use of single special-shaped pieces, the numerical control equipment is high in cost, large-scale purchase is difficult for small and medium enterprises, and further the yield and the efficiency are low; and then adopt the polisher that uses triangle dull and stereotyped wire drawing machine as the main, adopt manual regulation to compress tightly the abrasive band and make it laminate with the work piece polished surface in the process of polishing, triangle dull and stereotyped wire drawing machine can only polish the plane, can't polish to the dysmorphism face or the curved surface on the edge of work piece, consequently need assist the mode of artifical polishing to polish the edge, consequently can't realize efficient batch production.
A profiled workpiece side grinding apparatus as shown in figures 1 to 7 comprises: the device comprises a supporting seat 1, a rotary workbench 10, a support 101, a polishing workbench 11, an angle adjusting mechanism 12, a driving air cylinder 120, a piston rod 121, a transmission connecting rod 122, a rotating arm 123, a second transmission shaft 1230, a second bearing seat 1231, a triangular mounting frame 1232, a rotating device 2, a first driving motor 20, a driving gear 21, a driven gear 22, a first transmission shaft 23, a first bearing seat 24, a rotating seat 25, a rotating disk 250, a customized workpiece disk 251, a polishing device 3, a second driving motor 30, a polishing disk assembly 31, a third bearing seat 310, a third transmission shaft 311, a polishing disk 312, a transmission assembly 32, a first transmission wheel 320, a second transmission wheel 321, a transmission belt 322, a dust removing device 4, a conical cover 40, a suction pipe 41, a debris cleaning mechanism 5, a mounting seat 50, a rotary air cylinder 51, a connecting plate 52, a cleaning head 53, a dust suction through hole 530, a correcting mechanism 6, a fixer 60, a rotary rod 32, a rotary rod 123, a rotary rod 3, a rotary device, the tension device comprises a plurality of groups of pulleys 61, steel wires 62, a negative weight 63, a tensioning device 7, a stress detector 70, a tensioning bracket 71, a slide rail 72, a lead screw assembly 73, a second fixer 74, a third driving motor 75, a fixing device 8, a pressing disc 80 and an elastic abutting piece 81.
Wherein, supporting seat 1 can be according to the use scene installs the removal subassembly additional, and then makes things convenient for the position change of device when in-service use, and rotary device 2 fixed mounting is on supporting seat 1, and grinding device 3 is same fixed mounting just is located one side of rotary device 2 on supporting seat 1.
The supporting seat 1 is arranged in an L shape, so that the polishing device 3 and the rotating device 2 can be correspondingly arranged; the supporting seat 1 includes: the polishing device comprises a rotary worktable 10 and a polishing worktable 11 which is abutted against one side of the rotary worktable 10 and is arranged perpendicular to the rotary worktable 10; the top of the rotary workbench 10 is provided with a support 101 for mounting the rotary device 2; an angle adjusting mechanism 12 is arranged at the top of the grinding workbench 11.
The rotating device 2 includes: the device comprises a first driving motor 20 fixedly installed on a rotary worktable 10, a driving gear 21 arranged at the power output end of the first driving motor 20, a driven gear 22 screwed on one side of the driving gear 21, a first transmission shaft 23 sleeved on the driven gear 22, a first bearing seat 24 sleeved on the first transmission shaft 23, and a rotating seat 25 sleeved on the other side of the first bearing seat 24; the rotary base 25 includes: a turntable 250 inserted through the other end of the first transmission shaft 23, a customized workpiece tray 251 fixedly clamped on the turntable 250, and a fixing device 8 arranged on the customized workpiece tray 251; in the use process, the workpiece tray matched with the workpiece tray is customized according to the shape of the workpiece, the customized workpiece tray 251 and the workpiece are fixed and then the customized workpiece tray 251 and the turntable 250 are clamped, and then the power of the first driving motor 20 drives the driven gear 22 to rotate through the driving gear 21, and further drives the first transmission shaft 23 and the driven turntable 250 fixedly installed at one end of the first transmission shaft 23 to rotate, wherein the fixing device 8 comprises: the pressing device is arranged on one side of the rotating device 2, the pressing disc 80 is arranged at the output end of the pressing device and above the customized workpiece disc 251, the customized workpiece disc 251 is internally provided with an elastic abutting part 81 which can buffer the customized workpiece disc 251 in the pressing and fixing process, and a bearing seat is arranged at the connecting end of the pressing disc 80 and the output end of the pressing device, so that synchronous rotation can be carried out along with the customized workpiece disc 251 in the pressing process, and the workpiece is prevented from shifting in the polishing process.
Since it is considered that the present invention polishes the profile of the edge of the workpiece, the polishing apparatus 3 needs to be displaced as the polishing curve changes during polishing. The angle adjusting device is adopted to accurately regulate and control the polishing device 3 in real time along with the change of the shape of a polished workpiece; the angle adjusting mechanism 12 includes: a driving cylinder 120 fixedly installed on the grinding worktable 11, a piston rod 121 inserted in the driving cylinder 120, a transmission link 122 fixedly installed at the other end of the piston rod, and a rotating arm 123 fixedly connected at the other end of the transmission link 122; the rotating arm 123 includes: a second transmission shaft 1230 rotatably inserted into the polishing table 11, a second bearing pedestal 1231 inserted into the second transmission shaft 1230, and a triangular mounting frame 1232 fixedly mounted on the second bearing pedestal 1231; triangle-shaped mounting frame 1232 is right triangle, triangle-shaped mounting frame 1232's top one end fixed mounting grinding device 3, the power of driving actuating cylinder 120 output is that piston rod 121 is driving actuating cylinder 120 internal motion, and then the drive connecting rod 122 of the pulling piston rod other end drives swinging boom 123 and rotates, makes second bearing frame 1231 drive triangle-shaped mounting frame 1232 and uses the axial lead of second transmission shaft 1230 as the baseline and rotate in the rotatory in-process of swinging boom 123, and then realizes that triangle-shaped mounting frame 1232 installs and realizes angular adjustment at grinding device 3.
The polishing device 3 of the present invention comprises: the polishing device comprises a second driving motor 30 fixedly installed on the triangular mounting frame, a transmission assembly 32 fixedly installed on the triangular mounting frame and in transmission connection with the output end of the second driving motor 30, and a polishing disc 312 assembly 31 in transmission connection with the transmission assembly 32; the abrasive disc 312 assembly 31 includes: a third bearing housing 310 fixedly mounted on the grinding disc 312 assembly 31, a third drive shaft 311 inserted through the third bearing housing 310, and a grinding disc 312 fixedly mounted on the third drive shaft 311; the transmission assembly 32 includes: the grinding device comprises a first driving wheel 320 sleeved at the output end of a second driving motor 30, a second driving wheel 321 sleeved at one end of a third driving shaft 311, and a driving belt 322 sleeved on the first driving wheel 320 and the second driving wheel 321, so that the second driving motor 30 drives the second driving wheel 321 to rotate through the first driving wheel 320 and the driving belt 322, and further drives a grinding disc 312 on the third driving shaft 311 to rotate, wherein the grinding assembly can be disassembled, assembled and replaced according to the size of a workpiece and the thickness required to be ground.
In the polishing process, a large amount of dust is generated, the dust removing device 4 is used for dust collection, the dust removing device 4 is arranged on one side of the polishing device 3, and the dust removing device 4 comprises: the conical cover 40 is fixedly mounted on the triangular mounting frame and is communicated with a dust collector arranged on one side of the conical cover through a suction pipe 41, the opening of the conical cover 40 is arranged on the grinding disc 312 correspondingly, and then negative pressure is formed on one side, facing the grinding disc 312, of the conical cover 40 by opening the dust collector, so that particles and dust which are ground down are sucked.
Although the dust removing device 4 can absorb floating dust of the polishing device 3, the dust removing device 4 is arranged on one side of the polishing device 3, and dust and debris generated by polishing still remain on the workpiece, if the metal workpiece is a metal workpiece, if the polishing debris on the surface is not cleaned in time, the workpiece and the workpiece are mutually collided in the carrying and stacking process, so that the metal debris on the surface of the workpiece moves, and scratches are generated on the surface of the workpiece; therefore, the scrap cleaning mechanism 5 is arranged above the grinding disc 312 component 31, so that scraps on the grinding surface of the workpiece can be cleaned and sucked; the debris cleaning mechanism 5 includes: the polishing device comprises a mounting seat 50 arranged above a polishing disc 312 assembly 31, a rotary cylinder 51 fixedly arranged on the mounting seat 50, a connecting plate 52 arranged at the output end of the rotary cylinder 51 in a transmission way, and a cleaning head 53 fixedly arranged at the other end of the connecting plate 52; the length of the connecting plate 52 is greater than the length of the radius of the grinding disc 312, so that the cleaning wiping head 53 can rotate outside the grinding disc 312 under the driving of the rotating cylinder 51; the cross section of the cleaning wiping head 53 is a U-shaped groove surface; the bottom of the cleaning head 53 is provided with a dust absorption through hole 530, and the other end of the dust absorption through hole 530 is communicated with a dust collector through a pipeline. The width of cleaning head 53 is greater than the thickness of work piece edge and mill 312, and then makes cleaning head 53 fluted surface can with work piece edge and mill 312 butt, and then realizes the remaining piece degree of depth clearance to work piece and mill 312, clears up dust or the piece that dust collector 4 can't absorb and remain on work piece and mill 312.
In the invention, the rotation directions of the first driving motor 20 and the second driving motor 30 are opposite in the grinding process, so that the clockwise rotation of the workpiece and the anticlockwise rotation of the grinding disc 312 are realized, the effective grinding is increased, different grinding speeds can be realized for workpieces with different precision requirements, the dynamic real-time adjustment of the position can be carried out along with the change of the profile of the workpiece while the grinding precision is controllable, the other end of the rotating arm 123 is provided with the correcting mechanism 6, and the grinding device 3 can be ensured to be adjusted along with the change of the profile of the workpiece through the correcting mechanism 6; the correcting mechanism 6 includes: the fixing device comprises a fixing device 60 fixedly installed on the triangular mounting frame, a plurality of groups of pulleys 61 fixedly installed in the support 101, a steel wire 62 which is inserted into the fixing device 60 and the support 101 and is simultaneously arranged on the plurality of groups of pulleys 61, and a load bearing block 63 fixedly connected to the other end of the steel wire 62. In the use process, the steel wire 62 is kept in a tensioning state, and after the distance between the workpiece and the grinding disc 312 is changed, the steel wire 62 is dragged to move on the plurality of groups of pulleys 61 through the lifting of the negative weight 63, so that the steel wire 62 between the grinding device 3 and the rotating device 2 is kept in the tensioning state, and the grinding surface of the workpiece, which is tightly attached to the grinding device 3 all the time, is realized.
The weight block 63 is always in a passive state in the actual use process, and because a plurality of pulleys are arranged between the weight block 63 and the steel wire 62, the tension of the steel wire 62 on each section of pulley is different; therefore, the transmission of the tension force is delayed, and the reaction speed of the negative weight 63 is insensitive in the using process; the other end of the steel wire 62 is connected with the tensioning device 7, so that the tensioning method adopting the negative weight 63 is improved; the tensioning device 7 comprises: the stress detector 70 is fixedly arranged on the steel wire 62, the tensioning bracket 71 is arranged on one side of the supporting seat 1, the sliding rail 72 is arranged on the tensioning bracket 71, the screw rod assembly 73 is fixedly arranged on the tensioning bracket 71, and the second fixer 74 is clamped on the sliding rail 72 and is in transmission connection with the screw rod; the stress detectors 70 are multiple in number, so that multiple sections of the steel wires 62 are detected, and the time and the speed of starting the third driving motor 75 are controlled; one end of the screw assembly 73 is connected with a third driving motor 75 in a transmission manner, the second fixer 74 is arranged at the other end of the steel wire 62, and then the power of the third driving motor 75 drives the second fixer 74 to move on the slide rail 72, so that the steel wire 62 is tensioned.
The working principle is as follows:
customizing a workpiece disc matched with the workpiece disc according to the shape of the workpiece, fixing the customized workpiece disc 251 and the workpiece, and then clamping the customized workpiece disc 251 and the turntable 250, so that the power of the first driving motor 20 drives the driven gear 22 to rotate through the driving gear 21, and further drives the first transmission shaft 23 and the auxiliary turntable 250 fixedly arranged at one end of the first transmission shaft 23 to rotate; after the workpiece is placed on the customized workpiece tray 251, the workpiece is fixed on the customized workpiece tray 251 by using a fixing device 8; thereby avoiding the displacement of the workpiece in the polishing process; the angle adjusting mechanism 12 is adjusted according to the distance from the edge of the workpiece to the polishing device 3, the piston rod 121 moves in the driving cylinder 120 to pull the transmission connecting rod 122 at the other end of the piston rod to drive the rotating arm 123 to rotate, the second bearing base 1231 drives the triangular mounting frame 1232 to rotate by taking the axial lead of the second transmission shaft 1230 as a base line in the rotating process of the rotating arm 123, so that the triangular mounting frame 1232 is installed on the polishing device 3 to realize angle adjustment, and the grinding disc 312 in the polishing device 3 is attached to the edge of the workpiece; in the grinding process, the rotation directions of the first driving motor 20 and the second driving motor 30 are opposite, so that the clockwise rotation of the workpiece and the anticlockwise rotation of the grinding disc 312 are realized, the effective grinding is increased, different grinding speeds can be realized for workpieces with different precision requirements, the grinding precision is controllable, and the dynamic real-time adjustment of the position can be carried out along with the change of the profile of the workpiece; the steel wire 62 in the correcting mechanism 6 is arranged between the grinding device 3 and the rotating device 2, the tension force between the steel wires 62 is adjusted through the negative weight 63 or the tensioning device 7, so that the grinding disc 312 in the grinding device 3 is always attached to the edge of the workpiece, and the distance between the grinding device 3 and the rotating device 2 can be adjusted along with the rotation of the workpiece; during the grinding process, the dust removal device 4 is started to suck grinding particles and debris on the grinding disc 312 and the grinding station through the conical cover 40; the connecting plate 52 in the chip cleaning mechanism 5 after polishing is pushed out to one side of the workpiece through the rotary cylinder 51 to be attached to the polished surface of the workpiece, and the chip cleaning is carried out on the polished surface of the workpiece through the cleaning head 53.
The workpiece is rotated clockwise by adopting a double-shaft rotating mode, the grinding wheel is anticlockwise, effective grinding is greatly increased, different grinding speeds can be realized for workpieces with different precision requirements, the grinding precision is controllable, the angle adjusting device is added, the grinding device 3 can adjust the position of the workpiece with different shapes and sizes in the grinding process, and the grinding device can grind special-shaped surfaces and curved surfaces of multiple workpieces. Adopt counter weight device or automatic straining device 7, realize that the customization is polished round and work piece and are compressed tightly the effect, and any angle in the work piece rotation process all has the same pressure of polishing, can polish the side at work piece edge evenly. The structure is simple, and the customized workpiece disc 251 can be disassembled and recombined according to the shape of the special-shaped piece, so that the adaptability of the customized workpiece disc 251 in the production process is high.
It should be noted that, in the above embodiments, the parameters can be freely selected according to different situations without contradiction. The present invention is not further described with respect to various possible parameter schemes in order to avoid unnecessary repetition.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a dysmorphism work piece side equipment of polishing which characterized in that includes:
the polishing device comprises a supporting seat, a rotating device fixedly arranged on the supporting seat and a polishing device fixedly arranged on the supporting seat and positioned on one side of the rotating device;
the supporting seat is the L type, the supporting seat includes: the polishing device comprises a rotary workbench and a polishing workbench which is abutted against one side of the rotary workbench and is perpendicular to the rotary workbench; the top of the rotary workbench is provided with a support for mounting a rotary device; an angle adjusting mechanism is arranged at the top of the polishing workbench;
the angle adjustment mechanism includes: the polishing device comprises a driving air cylinder fixedly arranged on a polishing workbench, a piston rod inserted in the driving air cylinder, a transmission connecting rod fixedly arranged at the other end of the piston rod, and a rotating arm fixedly connected to the other end of the transmission connecting rod; the rotating arm includes: the polishing device comprises a second transmission shaft rotatably inserted on the polishing workbench, a second bearing seat inserted on the second transmission shaft in a penetrating manner, and a triangular mounting rack fixedly mounted on the second bearing seat; the triangular mounting rack is a right-angled triangle, and one end of the top of the triangular mounting rack is fixedly provided with the polishing device;
one side of grinding device is equipped with dust collector, dust collector includes: the opening of the conical cover is arranged corresponding to the grinding disc, and the conical cover surface forms negative pressure towards one side of the grinding disc by opening the dust collector, so that the ground particles and dust are sucked;
the grinding device includes: the polishing machine comprises a triangular mounting frame, a first driving motor, a transmission assembly and a polishing disc assembly, wherein the triangular mounting frame is fixedly arranged on the base; the sanding disc assembly comprising: the third bearing seat is fixedly arranged on the grinding disc component, the third transmission shaft penetrates through the third bearing seat, and the grinding disc is fixedly arranged on the third transmission shaft; the transmission assembly includes: the first driving wheel is sleeved at the output end of the second driving motor, the second driving wheel is sleeved at one end of the third driving shaft, and the driving belt is sleeved on the first driving wheel and the second driving wheel, so that the power of the second driving motor drives the second driving wheel to rotate through the first driving wheel and the driving belt, and further drives the grinding disc on the third driving shaft to rotate;
the top of polishing dish subassembly is equipped with piece clearance mechanism, piece clearance mechanism includes: the polishing device comprises a mounting seat arranged above a polishing disc assembly, a rotary cylinder fixedly arranged on the mounting seat, a connecting plate arranged at the output end of the rotary cylinder in a transmission manner, and a cleaning head fixedly arranged at the other end of the connecting plate; the length of the connecting plate is greater than the length of the radius of the polishing disc, and the cross section of the cleaning head is a U-shaped groove surface; the bottom of the cleaning head is provided with a dust collection port, and the other end of the dust collection port is communicated with a dust collector through a pipeline; the width of the cleaning wiping head is larger than the thickness of the edge of the workpiece and the thickness of the grinding disc, so that the groove surface of the cleaning wiping head can be abutted against the edge of the workpiece and the grinding disc, the deep cleaning of the residual scraps of the workpiece and the grinding disc is realized, and the dust or the scraps which cannot be sucked by a dust removal device and remain on the workpiece and the grinding disc are cleaned;
the other end of swinging boom is equipped with corrects the mechanism, correct the mechanism and include: the device comprises a triangular mounting frame, a fixer fixedly mounted on the triangular mounting frame, a plurality of groups of pulleys fixedly mounted in a support, a steel wire which is inserted in the fixer and the support and is simultaneously arranged on the plurality of groups of pulleys, and a load bearing block fixedly connected to the other end of the steel wire;
the other end of steel wire connects straining device, straining device includes: the stress detector is fixedly arranged on the steel wire, the tensioning bracket is arranged on one side of the supporting seat, the sliding rail is arranged on the tensioning bracket, the lead screw component is fixedly arranged on the tensioning bracket, and the second fixer is clamped on the sliding rail and is in transmission connection with the lead screw; the stress detectors are multiple, so that the steel wires are detected in multiple sections, and the starting time and speed of the third driving motor are controlled; one end of the lead screw component is in transmission connection with a third driving motor, the second fixer is arranged at the other end of the steel wire, and then the power of the third driving motor drives the second fixer to move on the sliding rail, so that the steel wire is tensioned.
2. The special-shaped workpiece side grinding device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the rotating device comprises: the rotary table comprises a first driving motor fixedly arranged on the rotary table, a driving gear arranged at the power output end of the first driving motor, a driven gear screwed on one side of the driving gear, a first transmission shaft sleeved on the driven gear, a first bearing seat sleeved on the first transmission shaft and a rotary seat sleeved on the other side of the first bearing seat; the swivel base includes: the rotary table penetrates through the other end of the first transmission shaft, the customized workpiece disc fixedly clamped on the rotary table, and the fixing device arranged on the customized workpiece disc.
3. The grinding method of the special-shaped workpiece side grinding equipment based on the claim 2 is characterized by comprising the following working steps:
s1, placing the workpiece on the customized workpiece tray and fixing the workpiece on the customized workpiece tray by using a fixing device;
s2, adjusting the angle adjusting mechanism according to the distance between the edge of the workpiece and the grinding device, so that a grinding disc in the grinding device is attached to the edge of the workpiece;
s3, a first driving motor of the rotating device is started, power of the first driving motor drives a first transmission shaft to rotate through a gear assembly, and further a customized workpiece disc clamped on a rotary disc and a workpiece are driven to rotate together, and the grinding part is shifted;
s4, arranging steel wires in the correcting mechanism between the grinding device and the rotating device, and adjusting the tension force between the steel wires through the negative weight block or the tensioning device, so that a grinding disc in the grinding device is always attached to the edge of a workpiece, and the distance between the grinding device and the rotating device can be adjusted along with the rotation of the workpiece;
s5, in the grinding process, the dust removal device is started to suck grinding particles and debris on the grinding disc and the grinding station through the conical cover; the connecting plate in the chip cleaning mechanism after polishing is pushed out to one side of the workpiece through the rotary cylinder to be attached to the polished surface of the workpiece, and the chip cleaning is carried out on the polished surface of the workpiece through the cleaning head.
CN202011550874.6A 2020-12-24 2020-12-24 Special-shaped workpiece side edge polishing equipment and polishing method thereof Active CN112676959B (en)

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CN202011550874.6A CN112676959B (en) 2020-12-24 2020-12-24 Special-shaped workpiece side edge polishing equipment and polishing method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN112676959B true CN112676959B (en) 2022-03-22

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Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE20216396U1 (en) * 2002-10-24 2003-01-02 Rohmer & Stimpfig Maschinen Un Edge machining device for e.g. flat glass products, has ring with nozzle holes for coolant extending around tool
CN204321792U (en) * 2014-11-11 2015-05-13 合肥亚星玻璃有限公司 A kind of profile glass edge grinding machine
CN105965341A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-09-28 宿州市天艺钢化玻璃有限公司 Irregular glass edge grinding machine
CN205765381U (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-12-07 浙江华创融盛商业展示有限公司 A kind of irregular glass edging machine
CN111098200B (en) * 2020-02-23 2021-01-12 丹阳市金星光学仪器有限公司 Special-shaped glass edge grinding device

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