CN112588707A - Chemistry is test tube cleaning device for chemical laboratory - Google Patents

Chemistry is test tube cleaning device for chemical laboratory Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112588707A
CN112588707A CN202011284408.8A CN202011284408A CN112588707A CN 112588707 A CN112588707 A CN 112588707A CN 202011284408 A CN202011284408 A CN 202011284408A CN 112588707 A CN112588707 A CN 112588707A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
test tube
plate
turnover
rod
box body
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011284408.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张海玲
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Dezhou Vocational and Technical College
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Dezhou Vocational and Technical College
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Publication date
Application filed by Dezhou Vocational and Technical College filed Critical Dezhou Vocational and Technical College
Priority to CN202011284408.8A priority Critical patent/CN112588707A/en
Publication of CN112588707A publication Critical patent/CN112588707A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity or by vibration
    • B08B3/12Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity or by vibration by sonic or ultrasonic vibrations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto 
    • B08B9/08Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks
    • B08B9/20Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by using apparatus into or on to which containers, e.g. bottles, jars, cans are brought
    • B08B9/28Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by using apparatus into or on to which containers, e.g. bottles, jars, cans are brought the apparatus cleaning by splash, spray, or jet application, with or without soaking
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto 
    • B08B9/08Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks
    • B08B9/20Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by using apparatus into or on to which containers, e.g. bottles, jars, cans are brought
    • B08B9/36Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by using apparatus into or on to which containers, e.g. bottles, jars, cans are brought the apparatus cleaning by using brushes

Abstract

The invention provides test tube cleaning equipment for a laboratory for chemical engineering, belongs to the technical field of laboratory equipment, and effectively solves the problems that the test tube for chemical engineering is time-consuming and labor-consuming in cleaning and is not easy to clean. The technical scheme includes that the test tube cleaning box comprises a box body, a cleaning box is arranged at the bottom in the box body, an ultrasonic generator is arranged in the cleaning box, a lifting turnover plate is horizontally arranged above the cleaning box, a turnover mechanism is movably connected with the turnover plate, a plurality of test tube fixing clamp supports are arranged on the horizontal plane on one side of the turnover plate, each fixing clamp support corresponds to one test tube, a test tube brush is arranged above the turnover plate corresponding to each test tube, and each test tube brush is connected to an elevating mechanism, and the test tube cleaning box has the beneficial effects that: the test tube for chemistry and chemical engineering can be cleaned in a time-saving and labor-saving manner.

Description

Chemistry is test tube cleaning device for chemical laboratory
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of laboratory equipment, in particular to test tube cleaning equipment for a laboratory for chemistry and chemical engineering.
Background
The test tube is the equipment of using often in the laboratory, and the washing of test tube under the normal conditions is through artifical use test tube brush reciprocal scrubbing, uses under more circumstances at the test tube, and the manual work is scrubbed the labour and is not only makeed the burden to testing personnel that the momentum is great, often influences the time of using again because need natural drying after the brush moreover, scrub efficiency also very low, do the chemistry composition complicacy in the chemical test in addition and often cause the interior stubborn dry and knot thing that appears of test tube, it is difficult to scrub clean to waste time and energy more during the scrubbing.
Therefore, how to solve the above technical problems becomes the subject of the present invention.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the automatic test tube cleaning equipment which is high in efficiency and good in cleaning effect.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention provides test tube cleaning equipment for a laboratory in chemical engineering, which comprises a box body, wherein a cleaning box is arranged at the bottom in the box body, and an ultrasonic generator is arranged in the cleaning box;
a liftable turnover plate is horizontally arranged above the cleaning box, and the turnover plate is movably connected with a turnover mechanism;
a plurality of test tube fixing clamping supports are arranged on the horizontal plane on one side of the turnover plate, and each fixing clamping support corresponds to one test tube;
a test tube brush is arranged above the turnover plate corresponding to each test tube, and each test tube brush is connected to the lifting mechanism;
each test tube brush is connected with a secondary cleaning mechanism.
The bottom in the box body is symmetrically and fixedly connected with two vertical plates which are vertically arranged, the center of the bottom between the two vertical plates is fixedly connected with the fixed end of a vertically arranged first telescopic rod, the end part of the output end of the first telescopic rod is provided with a first magnet, and the first magnet is movably and magnetically connected with second magnets arranged at the centers of the upper side and the lower side of the turnover plate;
the first magnet and the second magnet have opposite magnetic poles;
the turnover plate is of a cavity structure, sliding blocks are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the turnover plate in the front-back direction, each sliding block is in sliding fit with a sliding groove vertically formed in the inner wall of the vertical plate, and each sliding block is fixedly connected with a telescopic mechanism;
the cleaning boxes are two and are respectively positioned between the first telescopic rod and the vertical plates on two sides, and the tops of the two cleaning boxes are both in an open shape.
The telescopic mechanism comprises two rotating rods which are symmetrically and horizontally arranged at the front side and the rear side in the turnover plate, and each rotating rod is rotatably connected in the turnover plate through a base;
the outer walls of two sides of each rotating rod are provided with external threads, two sides of each rotating rod are sleeved with a translation rod, the inner wall of each translation rod is provided with internal threads, the internal threads of each translation rod are in threaded fit with the external threads of the corresponding rotating rod, and the internal threads of the translation rods on two sides of the same rotating rod are arranged oppositely;
the outer side of each translation rod is sleeved with a support seat fixedly connected with the inner cavity of the turnover plate, the inner wall of each support seat is provided with at least two limiting grooves, the outer wall of each translation rod is provided with at least two limiting strips parallel to the central axis of the translation rod, and each limiting strip corresponds to one limiting groove and is in sliding fit with the corresponding limiting groove;
the central rotating shaft of one rotating rod is coaxially connected with the output shaft of the telescopic motor, and a transmission belt is connected between the two rotating rods;
every the translation pole is kept away from the equal fixed connection one of the one end of bull stick the slider, the both sides of returning face plate seted up with the slider reaches spout complex through-hole.
The center parts of the left side and the right side of the turnover plate are fixedly connected with turnover rods horizontally arranged towards the outside, and the two turnover rods respectively penetrate through the vertical plates positioned on the same side and are in sliding fit with vertical through grooves formed in the vertical plates;
one end of each turnover rod, which is far away from the corresponding vertical plate, is sleeved with a gear, and each gear is coaxial with the central rotating shaft of the turnover rod sleeved with the gear;
the turnover mechanism comprises second telescopic rods which are horizontally and symmetrically arranged on two sides of the box body, the fixed end of each second telescopic rod is rotatably connected to the box body, the output end of each second telescopic rod faces the inside of the box body, the output end of each second telescopic rod is fixedly connected with a rotating sleeve, the central rotating shaft of each rotating sleeve is coaxial with the central rotating shaft of each second telescopic rod, and one end of each rotating sleeve facing the inside of the box body is open;
a plurality of tooth blocks are uniformly arranged on the inner wall of the rotating sleeve along the circumferential direction, when the gear is driven by the turnover rod to slide along the through groove until the central axis of the gear is coincident with the central axis of the rotating sleeve, the second telescopic rod pushes the rotating sleeve to be sleeved outside the gear, and the tooth blocks are meshed with the gear;
every the stiff end center pivot of second telescopic link all with upset motor output shaft coaxial coupling.
A fixed plate is horizontally arranged above the turnover plate, the bottom of the fixed plate is fixedly connected with the top ends of the two vertical plates, and the left side and the right side of the fixed plate are respectively fixedly connected with the inner walls of the two sides of the box body;
the lifting mechanism comprises a lifting plate horizontally arranged above the fixed plate, the bottom of the lifting plate is provided with a plurality of brush seats corresponding to the fixed clamping supports, each brush seat is superposed with the central axis of the corresponding fixed clamping support, and a hole for the test tube brush to pass through is formed in the fixed plate corresponding to each brush seat;
the connecting end of the top of each test tube brush is provided with an external thread, and the external thread is in threaded fit with an internal thread arranged on the inner wall of the brush seat;
the central parts of the left side and the right side of the lifting plate are respectively and rotatably connected with a half gear, each half gear is meshed with a rack vertically arranged on the inner wall of the box body at the same side, and a central rotating shaft of each half gear is coaxially connected with an output shaft of a lifting motor;
the lifter plate bottom with the even fixedly connected with of top of fixed plate has a plurality of springs, works as half gear drives the lifter plate is pressed close to from the top when the fixed plate half gear with the rack disengagement state, the lifter plate quilt the spring is rebounded to initial condition.
A plurality of liquid spraying ports are formed in the outer wall of the diameter of the test tube brush rod, and the liquid spraying ports are connected with the secondary cleaning mechanism through liquid through holes formed in the brush seat;
the secondary cleaning mechanism comprises a main pipe of which the output end is connected with the liquid through hole on each brush seat, the input end of the main pipe is connected with the output end of a distribution control valve, the input end of the distribution control valve is connected with a clear water tank and a plurality of chemical liquid tanks through a plurality of branch pipes, and micro water pumps are arranged between the cleaning tank and the corresponding branch pipe and between each chemical liquid tank and the corresponding branch pipe;
the control distribution valve is fixedly connected to the box body, and the clean water tank and the chemical liquid tank are both positioned in the box body.
The hot air drying box is arranged above and below the interior of the box body, the air outlet of the hot air drying box is arranged below and faces upward, and the air outlet of the hot air drying box is arranged above and faces downward.
The box is provided with arc structure switch door, the positive door plant of switch door is the transparent glass material, the inside bottom of switch door is provided with the water receiving box.
The fixing clamp support is made of elastic rubber, the inner diameter of the fixing clamp support is smaller than the outer diameter of the test tube in a conventional state, and auxiliary fixing adhesive is arranged at the bottom of the fixing clamp support.
The box body is provided with a control terminal, and the control terminal is electrically connected with the cleaning box, the turnover mechanism, the lifting mechanism, the secondary cleaning mechanism, the first telescopic rod, the blow-drying box and a driving piece of the telescopic mechanism.
When the invention is actually used: firstly, the bottom of a used test tube is put into a fixing clamp holder, the test tube with different specifications can be fixed due to the fact that the fixing clamp holder is made of elastic materials and the bottom of the fixing clamp holder is provided with stickies, then a turnover mechanism is started to enable a second telescopic rod to push a rotating sleeve to be meshed with a gear, a telescopic mechanism is started to enable a sliding block to be separated from a sliding groove and to be retracted into a turnover plate, a first telescopic rod is contracted, a turnover motor is started after the first magnet is separated from a second magnet at the bottom of the turnover plate, the turnover plate is integrally turned over to enable an opening of the test tube to face downwards, then the first telescopic rod is lifted to enable the first magnet to be magnetically connected with the second magnet at the bottom side of the turnover plate, the telescopic mechanism is started to synchronously push the sliding block of the turnover plate into the sliding groove, then the turnover mechanism is started to retract the rotating sleeve, the first, lifting the first telescopic rod to enable the test tube to be positioned above the cleaning box, starting the second telescopic rod again to enable the rotating sleeve to be meshed with the gear, withdrawing the first telescopic rod and the sliding block, starting the turnover motor to turn the turnover plate over the test tube with the opening facing upwards, starting the first telescopic rod to be connected with the bottom of the turnover plate, extending the sliding block into the sliding groove, withdrawing the rotating sleeve by the second telescopic rod, continuously pushing the turnover plate to move upwards by the first telescopic rod until the test tube brush corresponding to each test tube enters the test tube and is close to the bottom, then starting the lifting mechanism, driving the test tube brush to do up-and-down reciprocating motion by the lifting mechanism to scrub the test tube, observing the whole cleaning process through a glass switch door, starting the secondary cleaning mechanism to spray clean water or neutralizing agent into the test tube through the test tube brush to continuously clean the test tube if the cleaning effect is not achieved, pouring the agent through the turnover plate to finally clean the clean water, after finishing, stop elevating system, first telescopic link takes the test tube from the test tube brush, pours the moisture in the test tube with the returning face plate upset again, and two dry-blow casees carry out hot-blast weathering about starting, satisfy the requirement of next use, and whole cleaning process can go on according to the full automation of settlement procedure, also can carry out the selectivity operation according to actual conditions.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the degree of automation is high, the cleaning efficiency and the cleaning effect are improved, and different cleaning programs can be selected according to actual conditions so that the applicability is good;
2. the test tube cleaning device has the advantages that the structural design is reasonable, and the test tubes can be cleaned and processed in multiple links through ultrasonic waves, a test tube brush, clear water and a medicament in a drying manner, so that the test tubes for different tests can be cleaned;
3. more have general type and flexibility and pertinence on the equipment uses, the fixing clip holds in the palm the test tube that can fix different specifications, and the test tube brush that is suitable for different specification test tubes can all carry out the high-speed joint through top screw thread and brush seat, can pertinence selection use medicament to different experimental test tubes and carry out the neutralization, guarantees the optimal cleaning performance.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a rear view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the first state of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of the area a of fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the second state of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a perspective view illustrating a third state of the present invention.
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the roll-over panel of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is an enlarged view of the area a of fig. 7.
Wherein the reference numerals are: 1. a box body; 101. a vertical plate; 102. a chute; 103. a through groove; 104. a fixing plate; 105. a rack; 106. opening and closing the door; 107. a water receiving box; 2. a cleaning tank; 3. a turnover plate; 301. a slider; 302. a through hole; 303. a turning rod; 304. a gear; 4. a turnover mechanism; 401. a second telescopic rod; 402. rotating the sleeve; 403. a tooth block; 404. turning over a motor; 5. fixing the clamp holder; 6. a test tube; 7. a test tube brush; 8. a lifting mechanism; 801. a lifting plate; 802. a brush holder; 803. a half gear; 805. a spring; 9. a secondary cleaning mechanism; 901. a main pipe; 902. a distribution control valve; 903. pipe distribution; 904. a clear water tank; 905. a chemical agent tank; 906. a micro water pump; 10. a first telescopic rod; 11. a first magnet; 12. a second magnet; 13. a telescoping mechanism; 1301. a rotating rod; 1302. a base; 1303. a translation rod; 1304. a supporting seat; 1305. a limiting groove; 1306. a limiting strip; 1307. a telescopic motor; 1308. a drive belt; 14. a blow-drying box; 15. and controlling the terminal.
Detailed Description
In order to clearly illustrate the technical features of the present solution, the present solution is explained below by way of specific embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1 to 8, the invention relates to a test tube cleaning device for laboratories in chemical engineering, which comprises a box body 1, a cleaning box 2 is arranged at the bottom in the box body 1, an ultrasonic generator is arranged in the cleaning box 2, a liftable turnover plate 3 is horizontally arranged above the cleaning box 2, the turnover plate 3 is movably connected with a turnover mechanism 4, a horizontal plane at one side of the turnover plate 3 is provided with a plurality of test tube fixing clamp supports 5, each fixing clamp support 5 corresponds to a test tube 6, the fixing clamp supports 5 are made of elastic rubber materials, the inner diameter of each fixing clamp support 5 is smaller than the outer diameter of the test tube 6 in a conventional state, auxiliary fixing adhesive is arranged at the bottom of each fixing clamp support 5, a test tube brush 7 is arranged above the turnover plate 3 corresponding to each test tube 6, each test tube brush 7 is connected to an elevating mechanism 8, and each test tube brush 7 is.
The box body 1 is provided with an arc-shaped opening and closing door 106, the front door plate of the opening and closing door 106 is made of transparent glass, and the bottom of the inner side of the opening and closing door 106 is provided with a water receiving box 107. Vertical two risers 101 of the vertical setting of bottom symmetry fixedly connected with in box 1, the stiff end of the first telescopic link 10 of the vertical setting of bottom center department fixedly connected with between two risers 101, the tip of the output of first telescopic link 10 is provided with first magnet 11, both sides center department sets up second magnet 12 swing joint about first magnet 11 and returning face plate 3, first magnet 11 is opposite with second magnet 12 magnetic pole, returning face plate 3 is the cavity structure, the symmetry is provided with slider 301 around the 3 left and right sides of returning face plate, every slider 301 all with the vertical spout 102 sliding fit who offers of riser 101 inner wall, every slider 301 all with telescopic machanism 13 fixed connection, it is two to wash case 2, be located respectively between first telescopic link 10 and the both sides riser 101, two wash 2 tops of case and are the opening form. The inside top and the below of box 1 all are provided with hot-blast air-drying box 14, and the air outlet that is located the below air-drying box 14 is towards the top, and the air outlet that is located the blow-drying box 14 of top is towards below. The box body 1 is provided with a control terminal 15, and the control terminal 15 is electrically connected with the cleaning box 2, the turnover mechanism 4, the lifting mechanism 8, the secondary cleaning mechanism 9, the first telescopic rod 10, the blow-drying box 14 and a driving piece of the telescopic mechanism 13.
The telescopic mechanism 13 comprises two rotating rods 1301 which are symmetrically and horizontally arranged at the front side and the rear side in the turnover plate 3, each rotating rod 1301 is rotatably connected into the turnover plate 3 through a base 1302, the outer wall of each rotating rod 1301 is provided with an external thread, the two sides of each rotating rod 1301 are sleeved with a translation rod 1303, the inner wall of each translation rod 1303 is provided with an internal thread, the internal thread of each translation rod 1303 is in threaded fit with the external thread of the corresponding rotating rod 1301, the internal threads of the translation rods 1303 positioned at the two sides of the same rotating rod 1301 are opposite to each other, the outer side of each translation rod 1303 is sleeved with a supporting seat 1304 fixedly connected with the inner cavity of the turnover plate 3, the inner wall of each supporting seat 1304 is provided with at least two limiting grooves 1305, the outer wall of each translation rod 1303 is provided with at least two limiting strips 1306 parallel to the central axis thereof, each limiting strip 1306 corresponds to one limiting groove 1305 and is in sliding fit with the, the central rotating shaft of one rotating rod 1301 is coaxially connected with the output shaft of a telescopic motor 1307, a transmission belt 1308 is connected between the two rotating rods 1301, one end of each translation rod 1303, which is far away from the rotating rod 1301, is fixedly connected with a sliding block 301, and through holes 302 matched with the sliding block 301 and the sliding grooves 102 are formed in two sides of the turnover plate 3.
The central parts of the left side and the right side of the turnover plate 3 are fixedly connected with turnover rods 303 which are horizontally arranged towards the outside, the two turnover rods 303 respectively penetrate through the vertical plate 101 which is positioned at the same side and are in sliding fit with the vertical through groove 103 which is arranged on the vertical plate 101, one end of each turnover rod 303, which is far away from the corresponding vertical plate 101, is sleeved with a gear 304, each gear 304 is coaxial with the central rotating shaft of the turnover rod 303 which is sleeved with the gear 304, the turnover mechanism 4 comprises second telescopic rods 401 which are horizontally and symmetrically arranged at the two sides of the box body 1, the fixed end of each second telescopic rod 401 is rotatably connected on the box body 1, the output end of each second telescopic rod 401 faces the inside of the box body 1, the output end of each second telescopic rod 401 is fixedly connected with a rotary sleeve 402, the central rotating shaft of the rotary sleeve 402 is coaxial with the central rotating shaft of the second telescopic rods 401, one end of each, when the turning rod 303 drives the gear 304 to slide along the through slot 103 until the central axis of the gear 304 coincides with the central axis of the rotating sleeve 402, the second telescopic rods 401 push the rotating sleeve 402 to be sleeved outside the gear 304, the tooth blocks 403 are meshed with the gear 304, and the central rotating shaft of the fixed end of each second telescopic rod 401 is coaxially connected with the output shaft of the turning motor 404.
A fixing plate 104 is horizontally arranged above the turnover plate 3, the bottom of the fixing plate 104 is fixedly connected with the top ends of the two vertical plates 101, the left side and the right side of the fixing plate 104 are respectively fixedly connected with the inner walls of the two sides of the box body 1, the lifting mechanism 8 comprises a lifting plate 801 horizontally arranged above the fixing plate 104, the bottom of the lifting plate 801 is provided with a plurality of brush seats 802 corresponding to the fixing clamp supports 5, each brush seat 802 is superposed with the central axis of the corresponding fixing clamp support 5, a hole for a test tube brush 7 to pass through is arranged on the fixing plate 104 corresponding to each brush seat 802, the top connecting end of each test tube brush 7 is provided with an external thread which is matched with an internal thread arranged on the inner wall of the brush seat 802, the central parts of the left side and the right side of the lifting plate 802 are respectively and rotatably connected with a half gear 803, each half gear 803 is meshed with a rack, the central rotating shaft of each half gear 803 is coaxially connected with the output shaft of a lifting motor, a plurality of springs 805 are uniformly and fixedly connected with the bottom of the lifting plate 802 and the top of the fixed plate 104, when the half gear 803 drives the lifting plate 801 to approach the fixed plate 104 from the upper side, the half gear 803 and the rack 105 are disengaged, and the lifting plate 801 is rebounded to the initial state by the springs 805.
Be provided with a plurality of hydrojet mouths on the 7 pole footpath outer walls of test-tube brush, the hydrojet mouth is connected with secondary wiper mechanism 9 through the liquid through hole that brush seat 803 set up, secondary wiper mechanism 9 includes the person in charge 901 of the liquid through hole connection on output and each brush seat 803, the input of being responsible for 901 is connected with distribution control valve 902's output, distribution control valve 902's input is connected with a clear water tank 904 and a plurality of chemical liquid case 905 through a plurality of minute pipe 903, wash between case 904 and the minute pipe 903 that corresponds and every chemical liquid case 905 and its minute pipe 903 that corresponds between all be provided with micro-water pump 906, control distribution valve 902 fixed connection is on box 1, clear water tank 904 and chemical liquid case 905 all are located box 1.
When the invention is actually used: firstly, the bottom of a used test tube 6 is put into a fixed card holder 5, the test tube 6 with different specifications can be fixed due to the fact that the fixed card holder 5 is made of elastic materials and the bottom of the fixed card holder is provided with stickies, then a turnover mechanism 4 is started to enable a second telescopic rod 401 to push a rotating sleeve 402 to be meshed with a gear 304, a telescopic mechanism 13 is started to enable a sliding block 301 to be separated from a sliding groove 102 and to be retracted into a turnover plate 3, a first telescopic rod 10 is contracted, a turnover motor 404 is started after a first magnet 11 is separated from a second magnet 12 at the bottom of the turnover plate 3, the turnover plate 3 is integrally turned over to enable an opening of the test tube 6 to face downwards to a cleaning box 2, then the first telescopic rod 10 is lifted to enable the first magnet 11 to be magnetically connected with the second magnet 12 at the bottom side of the turnover plate 3, the telescopic mechanism 13 is started to synchronously push the sliding block 301 of the turnover plate 3 into the sliding groove 102, the, start supersonic generator and wash test tube 6, after the ultrasonic cleaning, rise first telescopic link 10 and make test tube 6 be located and wash case 2 top, after second telescopic link 401 is started again and make and change cover 402 and gear 304 meshing, withdraw first telescopic link 10 and slider 301, start upset motor 404 and overturn test tube 6 opening with returning face plate 3 up, start first telescopic link 10 and connect returning face plate 3 bottom, slider 301 stretches out to in spout 102 simultaneously, second telescopic link 401 withdraws and changes cover 402, first telescopic link 10 continues to promote returning face plate 3 and goes upward, it is close to the bottom in test tube 6 to enter into test tube brush 7 that corresponds every test tube 6, then start elevating system 8, elevating system 8 drives test tube brush 7 and does up and down reciprocating motion, scrub in the test tube 6, the whole journey of cleaning process can be observed through glass switch door 106, if still not reach the cleaning performance can start secondary cleaning mechanism 9 and spout into the examination through test tube brush 7 clear water or the medicament of neutralization usefulness into examination through test tube brush 7 and try Intraductal 6 continues to wash, if need after the medicament washs to empty the medicament through returning face plate 3 and reuse the clear water and wash at last, stop elevating system 8 after finishing, first telescopic link 10 takes test tube 6 away from test-tube brush 7, fall test tube 6 internal moisture with returning face plate 3 upset again, two dry-blow boxes 14 carry out hot-blast weathering about starting, satisfy the requirement of next use, whole cleaning process can go on according to the full automation of settlement procedure, also can carry out the selectivity operation according to actual conditions.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (10)

1. The test tube cleaning equipment for the laboratory for the chemical industry is characterized by comprising a box body (1), wherein a cleaning box (2) is arranged at the bottom in the box body (1), and an ultrasonic generator is arranged in the cleaning box (2);
a liftable turnover plate (3) is horizontally arranged above the cleaning box (2), and the turnover plate (3) is movably connected with a turnover mechanism (4);
a plurality of test tube fixing clamp supports (5) are arranged on the horizontal plane of one side of the turnover plate (3), and each fixing clamp support (5) corresponds to one test tube (6);
a test tube brush (7) is arranged above the turnover plate (3) corresponding to each test tube (6), and each test tube brush (7) is connected to the lifting mechanism (8);
each test tube brush (7) is connected with a secondary cleaning mechanism (9).
2. The laboratory test tube cleaning equipment for the chemical industry according to claim 1, wherein two vertical plates (101) are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the bottom in the box body (1), a fixed end of a vertically arranged first telescopic rod (10) is fixedly connected to the center of the bottom between the two vertical plates (101), a first magnet (11) is arranged at the end of an output end of the first telescopic rod (10), and the first magnet (11) is movably and magnetically connected with second magnets (12) arranged at the centers of the upper side and the lower side of the turnover plate (3);
the first magnet (11) and the second magnet (12) have opposite magnetic poles;
the turnover plate (3) is of a cavity structure, sliding blocks (301) are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the turnover plate (3) in a front-back mode, each sliding block (301) is in sliding fit with a sliding groove (102) vertically formed in the inner wall of the vertical plate (101), and each sliding block (301) is fixedly connected with a telescopic mechanism (13);
the two cleaning boxes (2) are respectively positioned between the first telescopic rod (10) and the vertical plates (101) on the two sides, and the tops of the two cleaning boxes (2) are both in an open shape.
3. The laboratory test tube cleaning device for the chemical industry according to claim 2, characterized in that the telescopic mechanism (13) comprises two rotating rods (1301) which are symmetrically and horizontally arranged at the front side and the rear side in the turnover plate (3), and each rotating rod (1301) is rotatably connected in the turnover plate (3) through a base (1302);
the outer walls of two sides of each rotating rod (1301) are provided with external threads, two sides of each rotating rod (1301) are sleeved with a translation rod (1303), the inner wall of each translation rod (1303) is provided with internal threads, the internal threads of each translation rod (1303) are in threaded fit with the external threads of the corresponding rotating rod (1301), and the internal threads of the translation rods (1303) positioned on two sides of the same rotating rod (1301) are arranged oppositely;
the outer side of each translation rod (1303) is sleeved with a support seat (1304) fixedly connected with the inner cavity of the turnover plate (3), the inner wall of each support seat (1304) is provided with at least two limiting grooves (1305), the outer wall of each translation rod (1303) is provided with at least two limiting strips (1306) parallel to the central axis of the translation rod, and each limiting strip (1306) corresponds to one limiting groove (1305) and is in sliding fit with the corresponding limiting groove (1305);
the central rotating shaft of one rotating rod (1301) is coaxially connected with the output shaft of a telescopic motor (1307), and a transmission belt (1308) is connected between the two rotating rods (1301);
each translation rod (1303) is far away from one end of the rotating rod (1301) and is fixedly connected with one sliding block (301), and through holes (302) matched with the sliding blocks (301) and the sliding grooves (102) are formed in two sides of the turnover plate (3).
4. The laboratory test tube cleaning equipment for the chemical industry according to claim 3, wherein the central parts of the left and right sides of the turnover plate (3) are fixedly connected with turnover rods (303) horizontally arranged towards the outside, and the two turnover rods (303) respectively penetrate through the vertical plate (101) positioned on the same side and are in sliding fit with a vertical through groove (103) formed in the vertical plate (101);
one end, far away from the corresponding vertical plate (101), of each turnover rod (303) is sleeved with a gear (304), and each gear (304) is coaxial with a central rotating shaft of the turnover rod (303) sleeved with the gear (304);
the turnover mechanism (4) comprises second telescopic rods (401) which are horizontally and symmetrically arranged on two sides of the box body (1), the fixed end of each second telescopic rod (401) is rotatably connected to the box body (1), the output end of each second telescopic rod (401) faces the inside of the box body (1), the output end of each second telescopic rod (401) is fixedly connected with a rotating sleeve (402), the central rotating shaft of each rotating sleeve (402) is coaxial with the central rotating shaft of each second telescopic rod (401), and one end of each rotating sleeve (402), which faces the inside of the box body (1), is open;
a plurality of tooth blocks (403) are uniformly arranged on the inner wall of the rotating sleeve (402) along the circumferential direction, when the turning rod (303) drives the gear (304) to slide along the through groove (103) until the central axis of the gear (304) is coincident with the central axis of the rotating sleeve (402), the second telescopic rod (401) pushes the rotating sleeve (402) to be sleeved outside the gear (304), and the tooth blocks (403) are meshed with the gear (304);
and the central rotating shaft of the fixed end of each second telescopic rod (401) is coaxially connected with the output shaft of the turnover motor (404).
5. The laboratory test tube cleaning equipment for the chemical industry according to claim 4, wherein a fixing plate (104) is horizontally arranged above the turnover plate (3), the bottom of the fixing plate (104) is fixedly connected with the top ends of the two vertical plates (101), and the left side and the right side of the fixing plate (104) are respectively fixedly connected with the inner walls of the two sides of the box body (1);
the lifting mechanism (8) comprises a lifting plate (801) horizontally arranged above the fixing plate (104), the bottom of the lifting plate (801) is provided with a plurality of brush seats (802) corresponding to the fixing clamp holders (5), each brush seat (802) is overlapped with the central axis of the corresponding fixing clamp holder (5), and a hole for the test tube brush (7) to pass through is formed in the fixing plate (104) corresponding to each brush seat (802);
the top connecting end of each test tube brush (7) is provided with an external thread, and the external thread is in threaded fit with an internal thread arranged on the inner wall of the brush seat (802);
the central parts of the left side and the right side of the lifting plate (802) are respectively and rotatably connected with a half gear (803), each half gear (803) is meshed with a rack (105) vertically arranged on the inner wall of the box body (1) at the same side, and a central rotating shaft of each half gear (803) is coaxially connected with an output shaft of a lifting motor;
the bottom of the lifting plate (802) and the top of the fixing plate (104) are uniformly and fixedly connected with a plurality of springs (805), when the half gear (803) drives the lifting plate (801) to be close to the fixing plate (104) from the upper side, the half gear (803) and the rack (105) are disengaged, and the lifting plate (801) is rebounded to an initial state by the springs (805).
6. The laboratory test tube cleaning device for the chemical industry according to claim 5, wherein a plurality of liquid spraying ports are arranged on the outer wall of the rod diameter of the test tube brush (7), and the liquid spraying ports are connected with the secondary cleaning mechanism (9) through liquid through holes arranged on the brush seat (803);
the secondary cleaning mechanism (9) comprises a main pipe (901) of which the output end is connected with the liquid through hole on each brush seat (803), the input end of the main pipe (901) is connected with the output end of a distribution control valve (902), the input end of the distribution control valve (902) is connected with a clear water tank (904) and a plurality of chemical liquid tanks (905) through a plurality of branch pipes (903), and micro water pumps (906) are arranged between the cleaning tank (904) and the corresponding branch pipes (903) and between each chemical liquid tank (905) and the corresponding branch pipe (903);
the control distribution valve (902) is fixedly connected to the box body (1), and the clear water box (904) and the chemical agent box (905) are both positioned in the box body (1).
7. Test tube cleaning equipment for laboratory for chemical industry according to claim 1, characterized in that hot air drying box (14) is arranged above and below the inside of box (1), the air outlet of drying box (14) below faces upward, and the air outlet of drying box (14) above faces downward.
8. The laboratory test tube cleaning equipment for the chemical industry according to claim 1, characterized in that the box body (1) is provided with an arc-shaped opening and closing door (106), a front door plate of the opening and closing door (106) is made of transparent glass, and a water receiving box (107) is arranged at the bottom of the inner side of the opening and closing door (106).
9. The laboratory test tube cleaning device for the chemical industry according to claim 1, wherein the fixing clip support (5) is made of elastic rubber, the inner diameter of the fixing clip support (5) is smaller than the outer diameter of the test tube (6) in a conventional state, and auxiliary fixing adhesive is arranged at the bottom of the fixing clip support (5).
10. The laboratory test tube cleaning device for the chemical industry according to claim 6, wherein a control terminal (15) is arranged on the box body (1), the control terminal (15) is electrically connected with the cleaning box (2), the turnover mechanism (4), the lifting mechanism (8), the secondary cleaning mechanism (9), the first telescopic rod (10), the blow-drying box (14) and a driving piece of the telescopic mechanism (13).
CN202011284408.8A 2020-11-17 2020-11-17 Chemistry is test tube cleaning device for chemical laboratory Pending CN112588707A (en)

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