CN112536511B - Steel constructs device of assembling in advance - Google Patents

Steel constructs device of assembling in advance Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112536511B
CN112536511B CN202011208181.9A CN202011208181A CN112536511B CN 112536511 B CN112536511 B CN 112536511B CN 202011208181 A CN202011208181 A CN 202011208181A CN 112536511 B CN112536511 B CN 112536511B
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China
Prior art keywords
support
guide roller
station
overturning
bracket
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CN202011208181.9A
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CN112536511A (en
Inventor
陶琼交
陶世元
汪小六
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Anhui Tengda Steel Structure Co ltd
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Anhui Tengda Steel Structure Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K9/00Arc welding or cutting
    • B23K9/18Submerged-arc welding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K9/00Arc welding or cutting
    • B23K9/12Automatic feeding or moving of electrodes or work for spot or seam welding or cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K9/00Arc welding or cutting
    • B23K9/32Accessories

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of steel structure production and processing, and particularly relates to a steel structure pre-assembling device which comprises a transverse steel plate discharging unit and a side steel plate discharging unit; the transverse steel plate discharging unit comprises a lifting support, and the lifting support is connected with the base in a sliding mode along the vertical direction; the lifting support is provided with a horizontal carrier roller for supporting and guiding the transverse steel plate, and the horizontal carrier roller is rotatably connected with the lifting support; the side steel plate discharging unit comprises a turning support arranged on two sides of the lifting support respectively, a first guide roller is arranged on the turning support in a rotating mode, and the turning support is hinged to a base arranged on two sides of the base and the axis direction of the hinged shaft is perpendicular to the axis direction of the first guide roller. The invention can automatically realize the positioning and the assembly of three steel plates, does not need manual support in the assembly process, has simple operation process and greatly improves the production efficiency.

Description

Steel constructs device of assembling in advance
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of steel structure production and processing, and particularly relates to a steel structure pre-assembling device.
Background
The steel frame structure is a commonly used bearing structure for building facilities such as a factory building and the like, and is generally manufactured by welding thick and heavy steel plates for ensuring the reliable strength of the steel frame structure. The main structural form of the steel frame is provided with an I-shaped steel beam, a square steel stand column and the like, the steel plate is firstly cut into a specified size during processing, then the steel plate is spliced into a specified shape, then seam welding is firm, spot welding is firstly adopted for preliminary fixing during welding, then an embedding welding machine is utilized for reliably welding the seam, however, because the weight of the steel plate is large, the prior art needs to depend on hoisting equipment for auxiliary support when assembling, the positioning difficulty is large, the operation is complex, and large-scale production is not facilitated.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a steel structure pre-assembling device which can realize automatic assembling of U-shaped steel and H-shaped steel and improve the processing efficiency.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a steel structure pre-assembly device comprises a transverse steel plate discharge unit and a side steel plate discharge unit; the transverse steel plate discharging unit comprises a lifting support, and the lifting support is connected with the base in a sliding mode along the vertical direction; the lifting support is provided with a horizontal carrier roller for supporting and guiding a transverse steel plate, and the horizontal carrier roller is rotatably connected with the lifting support; the side steel plate discharging unit comprises overturning supports respectively arranged on two sides of a lifting support, a first guide roller is rotatably arranged on each overturning support, each overturning support is hinged to a base arranged on two sides of a base, the axial direction of a hinged shaft is perpendicular to the axial direction of the first guide roller, and the axial direction of the hinged shaft of each overturning support is perpendicular to the axial direction of a horizontal carrier roller; the overturning bracket is also rotatably provided with a second guide roller, the axis direction of the second guide roller is vertical to the axis direction of the first guide roller and vertical to the axis direction of a hinged shaft of the overturning bracket, and the first guide roller and the second guide roller have crossed parts when viewed along the axis direction of the hinged shaft of the overturning bracket; the roll-over stand is assembled with the following two stations: the device comprises a first station and a second station, wherein the first guide roller is in a horizontal state and the second guide roller is in a vertical state; the overturning support is also provided with a third guide roller, the third guide roller is rotatably arranged on a swinging support, the swinging support is hinged with the overturning support, the axis direction of a hinged shaft is parallel to the axis direction of the second guide roller, the axis direction of the third guide roller is vertical to the axis direction of the hinged shaft of the swinging support, and the third guide roller is positioned above the second guide roller when the overturning support is positioned at the second station; the lifting support is characterized in that a linkage device is arranged between the lifting support and the overturning support, the linkage device is assembled to lift the lifting support upwards when the overturning support overturns from the vertical state to the horizontal state and release the lifting support to enable the lifting support to fall under the action of self gravity when the overturning support overturns from the horizontal state to the vertical state, the height of the position where the lifting support falls is adjustable, and the side wall of the side steel plate on the overturning support can be just attached to the side edge of the transverse steel plate on the lifting support when the overturning support overturns from the horizontal state to the vertical state.
The swing support is provided with a station a and a station b relative to the turnover support, when the swing support is positioned at the station a, the axis of a third guide roller is parallel to the axis of a hinged shaft of the turnover support, the third guide roller avoids a supporting area of the first guide roller, when the swing support is positioned at the station b, the axis direction of the third guide roller is parallel to the axis direction of the first guide roller, and the third guide roller protrudes into the supporting area of the first guide roller and is matched with the first guide roller to clamp the side steel plate; and a linkage mechanism is arranged among the swing support, the turning support and the base, the linkage mechanism is assembled to enable the swing support to be in the station a when the turning support is in the station one, enable the swing support to be in the station b when the turning support is in the station two, enable the swing support to move from the station a to the station b when the turning support moves from the station one to the station two, and enable the swing support to move from the station b to the station a when the turning support moves from the station two to the station one.
The linkage mechanism comprises a first transmission shaft and a second transmission shaft, the axis of the first transmission shaft is parallel to the axis of the second guide roller, and the axis of the second transmission shaft is vertical to the axis of the first transmission shaft and vertical to the axis of a hinged shaft of the swing bracket; a first bevel gear is fixedly connected to the base and is coaxially arranged with a hinged shaft of the turnover support, a second bevel gear and a third bevel gear are respectively arranged at two ends of the first transmission shaft, a fourth bevel gear and a fifth bevel gear are respectively arranged at two ends of the second transmission shaft, a sixth bevel gear which is synchronously and rotatably connected with the hinged shaft of the swing support is arranged on the hinged shaft of the swing support, the first bevel gear is meshed with the second bevel gear, the third bevel gear is meshed with the fourth bevel gear, and the fifth bevel gear is meshed with the sixth bevel gear; the overall transmission ratio between the first bevel gear to the sixth bevel gear is 1: 1.
Still be equipped with telescopic machanism between swing support's the articulated shaft and the upset support, telescopic machanism is assembled for can making swing support move to the direction that is close to first deflector roll along the axis direction of its articulated shaft when swing support moves to station b by station a, and can make swing support move to the direction of keeping away from first deflector roll along the axis direction of its articulated shaft when swing support moves to station a by station b.
The telescopic mechanism comprises a spiral boss arranged on the overturning support along the circumferential direction of a hinged shaft of the swinging support and a pin rod arranged on the hinged shaft of the swinging support, the hinged shaft of the swinging support is connected with the overturning support in a sliding manner along the axis direction of the hinged shaft, the pin rod is in sliding butt joint with the spiral boss, a first elastic unit is arranged between the swinging support and the overturning support, and when the swinging support moves from the station a to the station b, the elastic force of the first elastic unit can drive the swinging support to slide towards the direction close to the first guide roller along the axis direction of the hinged shaft of the swinging support; when the swing bracket moves from the station b to the station a, the spiral boss can push the pin rod so as to enable the swing bracket to slide in the direction away from the first guide roller along the axial direction of the hinged shaft of the swing bracket.
The lifting support is connected with the base in a sliding mode through a vertical guide pillar, the linkage device comprises a swing rod fixedly arranged on a hinged shaft of the overturning support, a guide wheel is arranged at the end portion of the swing rod, the guide wheel is in rolling blocking connection with the bottom surface of the lifting support, the swing rod is in a vertical state when the overturning support is in a horizontal state, the swing rod is in a horizontal state when the overturning support is in the vertical state, and the length of the swing rod is larger than that of the second guide roller.
The base is provided with a protruding unit which protrudes upwards, the upper end of the protruding unit is blocked and connected with the bottom surface of the lifting support, and the protruding height of the protruding unit is adjustable; the protruding unit is a piston rod of a hydraulic cylinder vertically arranged on the machine base.
A driving element for driving the overturning bracket to overturn is arranged between the overturning bracket and the base; the driving element is a piston cylinder, a cylinder body of the piston cylinder is hinged to the base, a piston rod of the piston cylinder is hinged to the overturning support relatively, and a hinged shaft is not coaxial with a hinged shaft between the overturning support and the base.
The base is connected with a sliding rail arranged on the base in a sliding mode, the length direction of the sliding rail is perpendicular to the axis direction of a hinged shaft of the turnover support, and a driving mechanism used for driving the two bases to move along the sliding rail in a synchronous and reverse mode is arranged between the base and the two bases.
The driving mechanism comprises a lead screw which is rotatably connected with the base and is arranged in parallel with the slide rail, two sections of threads with opposite rotating directions are symmetrically arranged on the lead screw, the two sections of threads are respectively in threaded fit with nut blocks arranged on the two bases, and the end part of the lead screw is connected with a hand wheel or a motor.
The invention has the technical effects that: the pre-assembly device can automatically assemble steel plates into an appointed shape and an H shape or a U shape, which is the most common part of a steel frame structure, wherein an H-shaped member is mainly used as a steel beam, and a steel plate is added in the U-shaped member to form square steel which is mainly used as a bearing upright post; when assembling, only need utilize lifting device to keep flat three steel sheets respectively on lifting support and two upset supports, equipment just can realize the location and the assembly of three steel sheets automatically, and the process of assembling need not the manual work and supports, and operation process is simple, has improved production efficiency greatly.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a pre-assembled device provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of a pre-assembled apparatus provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an assembly view of a roll-over stand provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an assembly view of the flip stand provided by the embodiment of the present invention from another perspective;
fig. 5 is an assembly view of a lifting bracket provided by an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order that the objects and advantages of the invention will be more clearly understood, the following description is given in conjunction with the accompanying examples. It is to be understood that the following text is merely illustrative of one or more specific embodiments of the invention and does not strictly limit the scope of the invention as specifically claimed.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1-5, a steel structure pre-assembly device comprises a transverse steel plate discharge unit and a side steel plate discharge unit; the transverse steel plate discharging unit comprises a lifting support 10, and the lifting support 10 is connected with the base 30 in a sliding mode along the vertical direction; a horizontal carrier roller 11 for supporting and guiding a transverse steel plate is arranged on the lifting support 10, and the horizontal carrier roller 11 is rotatably connected with the lifting support 10; the side steel plate discharging unit comprises a turning support 20 respectively arranged at two sides of the lifting support 10, a first guide roller 21 is rotatably arranged on the turning support 20, the turning support 20 is hinged with a base 31 arranged at two sides of the base 30, the axial direction of a hinged shaft is vertical to the axial direction of the first guide roller 21, and the axial direction of the hinged shaft of the turning support 20 is vertical to the axial direction of the horizontal carrier roller 11; the overturning bracket 20 is also rotatably provided with a second guide roller 22, the axial direction of the second guide roller 22 is vertical to the axial direction of the first guide roller 21 and vertical to the axial direction of a hinged shaft of the overturning bracket 20, and the first guide roller 21 and the second guide roller 22 have crossed parts when viewed along the axial direction of the hinged shaft of the overturning bracket 20; the roll-over stand 20 is assembled with the following two stations: a first station, in which the first guide roller 21 is in a horizontal state and the second guide roller 22 is in a vertical state, and a second station, in which the first guide roller is in a vertical state and the second guide roller 22 is in a horizontal state; the overturning bracket 20 is also provided with a third guide roller 23, the third guide roller 23 is rotatably arranged on a swinging bracket 231, the swinging bracket 231 is hinged with the overturning bracket 20, the axial direction of a hinged shaft is parallel to the axial direction of the second guide roller 22, the axial direction of the third guide roller 23 is vertical to the axial direction of the hinged shaft of the swinging bracket 231, and the third guide roller 23 is positioned above the second guide roller 22 when the overturning bracket 20 is positioned at the second station; the lifting support 10 and the overturning support 20 are provided with a linkage device, the linkage device is assembled to lift the lifting support 10 upwards when the overturning support 20 is overturned from the vertical state to the horizontal state and release the lifting support 10 to enable the lifting support 10 to fall under the action of self gravity when the overturning support 20 is overturned from the horizontal state to the vertical posture, the height of the position where the lifting support 10 falls is adjustable, and the side wall of the side steel plate 2 on the overturning support 20 can be just attached to the side edge of the transverse steel plate 1 on the lifting support 10 when the overturning support 20 is overturned from the horizontal state to the vertical state. The pre-assembly device can automatically assemble steel plates into an appointed shape and an H shape or a U shape, which is the most common part of a steel frame structure, wherein an H-shaped member is mainly used as a steel beam, and a steel plate is added in the U-shaped member to form square steel which is mainly used as a bearing upright post; when assembling, only need utilize hoisting equipment to keep flat three steel sheets respectively on lifting support 10 and two upset supports 20, the location and the assembly of three steel sheets just can be realized automatically to equipment, and the process of assembling need not the manual work and supports, and operation process is simple, has improved production efficiency greatly.
The swing bracket 231 has a station a and a station b relative to the overturning bracket 20, when the swing bracket 231 is at the station a, the axis of the third guide roller 23 is parallel to the axis of the hinge shaft of the overturning bracket 20, and the third guide roller 23 avoids the supporting area of the first guide roller 21, as shown in fig. 1-3, when the swing bracket 231 is at the station b, the axis direction of the third guide roller 23 is parallel to the axis direction of the first guide roller 21, and the third guide roller 23 protrudes into the supporting area of the first guide roller 21 and cooperates with the first guide roller 21 for clamping the side steel plate; and a linkage mechanism is arranged among the swing support 231, the overturning support 20 and the base 31, and is assembled such that the swing support 231 is located at the station a when the overturning support 20 is located at the station one, the swing support 231 is located at the station b when the overturning support 20 is located at the station two, the swing support 231 can move from the station a to the station b when the overturning support 20 moves from the station to the station two, and the swing support 231 can move from the station b to the station a when the overturning support 20 moves from the station to the station one.
As shown in fig. 4, the linkage mechanism includes a first transmission shaft 25 and a second transmission shaft 24, an axis of the first transmission shaft 25 is parallel to an axis of the second guide roller 22, and an axis of the second transmission shaft 24 is perpendicular to an axis of the first transmission shaft 25 and to an axis of a hinge shaft of the swing bracket 231; a first bevel gear 311 is fixedly connected to the base 31, the first bevel gear 311 is coaxially arranged with a hinge shaft of the turning support 20, a second bevel gear 251 and a third bevel gear 252 are respectively arranged at two ends of the first transmission shaft 25, a fourth bevel gear 241 and a fifth bevel gear 242 are respectively arranged at two ends of the second transmission shaft 24, a sixth bevel gear 232 which is synchronously and rotatably connected is arranged on the hinge shaft of the swinging support 231, the first bevel gear 311 is meshed with the second bevel gear 251, the third bevel gear 252 is meshed with the fourth bevel gear 241, and the fifth bevel gear 242 is meshed with the sixth bevel gear 232; the overall gear ratio between the first bevel gear 311 to the sixth bevel gear 232 is 1: 1.
Further, as shown in fig. 1-3, a telescopic mechanism is further disposed between the hinge shaft of the swing bracket 231 and the turning bracket 20, and the telescopic mechanism is configured to enable the swing bracket 231 to move toward the direction close to the first guide roller 21 along the axial direction of the hinge shaft when the swing bracket 231 moves from the station a to the station b, and to enable the swing bracket 231 to move away from the first guide roller 21 along the axial direction of the hinge shaft when the swing bracket 231 moves from the station b to the station a.
The telescopic mechanism comprises a spiral boss 235 arranged on the overturning bracket 20 along the circumferential direction of a hinge shaft of the swinging bracket 231 and a pin 234 arranged on the hinge shaft of the swinging bracket 231, the hinge shaft of the swinging bracket 231 is connected with the overturning bracket 20 in a sliding manner along the axis direction of the hinge shaft, the pin 234 is in sliding butt joint with the spiral boss 235, a first elastic unit 233 is arranged between the swinging bracket 231 and the overturning bracket 20, and when the swinging bracket 231 moves from the station a to the station b, the elastic force of the first elastic unit 233 can drive the swinging bracket 231 to slide towards the direction close to the first guide roller 21 along the axis direction of the hinge shaft; when the swing bracket 231 moves from the station b to the station a, the spiral boss 235 can push the pin rod 234 so that the swing bracket 231 slides away from the first guide roller 21 in the axial direction of the hinge shaft thereof. The telescopic mechanism provided by the invention can ensure that the third guide roller 23 elastically clamps the side steel plate when the overturning bracket 20 is positioned at the second station, so that the upper end of the steel plate is prevented from shaking, and the positioning precision and reliability are further improved.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 5, the lifting bracket 10 is slidably connected to the base 30 through a vertical guide post, the linkage device includes a swing link 26 fixedly disposed on a hinge shaft of the turning bracket 20, a guide wheel 261 is disposed at an end of the swing link 26, the guide wheel 261 is in rolling contact with a bottom surface of the lifting bracket 10, the swing link 26 is in a vertical state when the turning bracket 20 is in a horizontal state, the swing link 26 is in a horizontal state when the turning bracket 20 is in a vertical state, and a length of the swing link 26 is greater than a length of the second guide roller 22.
The base 30 is provided with a protruding unit 34 protruding upwards, the upper end of the protruding unit 34 is blocked with the bottom surface of the lifting support 10, and the protruding height of the protruding unit 34 is adjustable; the protruding unit 34 is a piston rod of a hydraulic cylinder vertically arranged on the machine base; the invention can ensure that the lifting bracket 10 stays at different heights when descending only by adjusting the protruding height of the protruding unit 34, and further ensure that the transverse steel plate is positioned at different positions of the side steel plate, thereby assembling H-shaped components and U-shaped components with different specifications.
A driving element for driving the overturning bracket 20 to overturn is arranged between the overturning bracket 20 and the base 31; the driving element is a piston cylinder, a cylinder body of the piston cylinder is hinged to the base 31, a piston rod of the piston cylinder is hinged to the overturning support 20 relatively, and a hinged shaft is not coaxial with a hinged shaft between the overturning support 20 and the base 31.
The bases 31 are connected with slide rails 32 arranged on the bases 30 in a sliding manner, the length direction of the slide rails 32 is perpendicular to the axis direction of the hinge shaft of the turnover support 20, and a driving mechanism for driving the two bases 31 to synchronously and reversely move along the slide rails 32 is arranged between the bases 30 and the two bases 31.
The driving mechanism comprises a screw 33 which is rotatably connected with the base 30 and is arranged in parallel with the slide rail 32, two sections of threads with opposite rotating directions are symmetrically arranged on the screw 33, the two sections of threads are respectively in threaded fit with nut blocks arranged on the two bases 31, and the end part of the screw 33 is connected with a hand wheel or a motor. The spacing between the inverted brackets 20 of the present invention is adjustable to achieve the production of members of different widths.
Example 2
A steel structure preforming method adopting the assembling device in embodiment 1 comprises the following steps:
step 1: cutting the steel plate into long strips by using a laser cutting machine;
step 2: hoisting 3 long steel strip plates to a steel structure pre-assembly device by using hoisting equipment, turning two steel plates into a vertical state by the steel structure pre-assembly device, keeping the other steel plate in a horizontal state, and attaching the side surfaces of the two vertical steel plates to the two side edges of the horizontal steel plate;
and step 3: pushing the three steel plates positioned in the steel structure pre-assembly device into the conveying roller set by using a pushing device;
and 4, step 4: after passing through the conveying roller group, the steel plates pass through spot welding equipment, the spot welding equipment performs spot welding on the joint positions among the three steel plates at intervals at real time, so that the relative positions of the steel plates are fixed, and the preforming process is finished;
in the step 2, the steel structure pre-assembly device comprises a transverse steel plate discharge unit and a side steel plate discharge unit, the transverse steel plate discharge unit comprises a lifting support 10, and the lifting support 10 is connected with a base 30 in a sliding mode along the vertical direction; a horizontal carrier roller 11 for supporting and guiding a transverse steel plate is arranged on the lifting support 10, and the horizontal carrier roller 11 is rotatably connected with the lifting support 10; the side steel plate discharging unit comprises a turning support 20 respectively arranged at two sides of the lifting support 10, a first guide roller 21 is rotatably arranged on the turning support 20, the turning support 20 is hinged with a base 31 arranged at two sides of the base 30, the axial direction of a hinged shaft is vertical to the axial direction of the first guide roller 21, and the axial direction of the hinged shaft of the turning support 20 is vertical to the axial direction of the horizontal carrier roller 11; the overturning bracket 20 is also rotatably provided with a second guide roller 22, the axial direction of the second guide roller 22 is vertical to the axial direction of the first guide roller 21 and vertical to the axial direction of a hinged shaft of the overturning bracket 20, and the first guide roller 21 and the second guide roller 22 have crossed parts when viewed along the axial direction of the hinged shaft of the overturning bracket 20; the roll-over stand 20 is assembled with the following two stations: a first station, in which the first guide roller 21 is in a horizontal state and the second guide roller 22 is in a vertical state, and a second station, in which the first guide roller is in a vertical state and the second guide roller 22 is in a horizontal state; the overturning bracket 20 is also provided with a third guide roller 23, the third guide roller 23 is rotatably arranged on a swinging bracket 231, the swinging bracket 231 is hinged with the overturning bracket 20, the axial direction of a hinged shaft is parallel to the axial direction of the second guide roller 22, the axial direction of the third guide roller 23 is vertical to the axial direction of the hinged shaft of the swinging bracket 231, and the third guide roller 23 is positioned above the second guide roller 22 when the overturning bracket 20 is positioned at the second station; a linkage device is arranged between the lifting support 10 and the overturning support 20, the linkage device is assembled to be capable of lifting the lifting support 10 upwards when the overturning support 20 is overturned from a vertical state to a horizontal state and releasing the lifting support 10 to enable the lifting support 10 to fall under the action of self gravity when the overturning support 20 is overturned from the horizontal state to a vertical posture, the height of the position where the lifting support 10 falls is adjustable, and the side wall of the side steel plate on the overturning support 20 can be just attached to the side edge of the transverse steel plate on the lifting support 10 when the overturning support 20 is overturned from the horizontal state to the vertical state;
during assembly, firstly, the turning support 20 is adjusted to be in a horizontal state, two steel plates are respectively hoisted to the first guide rollers 21 of the two turning supports 20, and the other steel plate is hoisted to the horizontal carrier roller 11; then, the two overturning brackets 20 are driven to move from the first station to the second station, and in the process, the steel plate on the first guide roller 21 can slide by the second guide roller 22 until the side edge of the steel plate is attached to the roller surface of the second guide roller 22, so that the positioning of the steel plates on two sides is realized; when the first guide roller 21 is turned to be in a vertical state, the third guide roller 23 is also swung to be parallel to the first guide roller 21, so that the upper end of the side steel plate is clamped between the first guide roller 21 and the third guide roller 23; meanwhile, the lifting support 10 descends in the process of overturning the overturning support 20, after the first guide roller 21 is overturned to be in a vertical state, the horizontal carrier roller 11 just descends to a specified height, the side surfaces of the two side steel plates are just attached to the two side edges of the transverse steel plate, and the positioning of the relative positions of the three steel plates is finished.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that those skilled in the art can make various improvements and modifications without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these improvements and modifications should also be construed as the protection scope of the present invention. Structures, devices, and methods of operation not specifically described or illustrated herein are not specifically illustrated or described, but are instead contemplated to be practiced in the art by those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a steel constructs device of assembling in advance which characterized in that: comprises a transverse steel plate discharge unit and a side steel plate discharge unit; the transverse steel plate discharging unit comprises a lifting support (10), and the lifting support (10) is connected with the base (30) in a sliding mode along the vertical direction; a horizontal carrier roller (11) for supporting and guiding the transverse steel plate is arranged on the lifting support (10), and the horizontal carrier roller (11) is rotatably connected with the lifting support (10); the side steel plate discharging unit comprises turnover supports (20) which are respectively arranged on two sides of a lifting support (10), a first guide roller (21) is rotatably arranged on each turnover support (20), each turnover support (20) is hinged to a base (31) which is arranged on two sides of a base (30), the axial direction of a hinged shaft is perpendicular to the axial direction of the first guide roller (21), and the axial direction of the hinged shaft of each turnover support (20) is perpendicular to the axial direction of a horizontal carrier roller (11); the overturning bracket (20) is also rotatably provided with a second guide roller (22), the axis direction of the second guide roller (22) is vertical to the axis direction of the first guide roller (21) and vertical to the axis direction of a hinged shaft of the overturning bracket (20), and the first guide roller (21) and the second guide roller (22) have crossed parts when viewed along the axis direction of the hinged shaft of the overturning bracket (20); the roll-over stand (20) is assembled with the following two stations: a first station, wherein the first guide roller (21) is in a horizontal state and the second guide roller (22) is in a vertical state, and a second station, wherein the first guide roller is in a vertical state and the second guide roller (22) is in a horizontal state; the overturning bracket (20) is also provided with a third guide roller (23), the third guide roller (23) is rotatably arranged on a swinging bracket (231), the swinging bracket (231) is hinged with the overturning bracket (20), the axial direction of a hinged shaft is parallel to the axial direction of the second guide roller (22), the axial direction of the third guide roller (23) is vertical to the axial direction of the hinged shaft of the swinging bracket (231), and the third guide roller (23) is positioned above the second guide roller (22) when the overturning bracket (20) is positioned at the second station; the lifting support is characterized in that a linkage device is arranged between the lifting support (10) and the overturning support (20), the linkage device is assembled to be capable of upwards lifting the lifting support (10) when the overturning support (20) is overturned from a vertical state to a horizontal state and releasing the lifting support (10) to enable the lifting support (10) to fall under the action of self gravity when the overturning support (20) is overturned from the horizontal state to a vertical posture, the height of the position where the lifting support (10) falls is adjustable, and the side wall of the side steel plate on the overturning support (20) can be just attached to the side edge of the transverse steel plate on the lifting support (10) when the overturning support (20) is overturned from the horizontal state to the vertical state.
2. The steel structure pre-assembly device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the swing bracket (231) is provided with a station a and a station b relative to the overturning bracket (20), when the swing bracket (231) is at the station a, the axis of the third guide roller (23) is parallel to the axis of the hinge shaft of the overturning bracket (20), the third guide roller (23) avoids the supporting area of the first guide roller (21), when the swing bracket (231) is at the station b, the axis direction of the third guide roller (23) is parallel to the axis direction of the first guide roller (21), and the third guide roller (23) protrudes into the supporting area of the first guide roller (21) and is matched with the first guide roller (21) for clamping the side steel plate; the linkage mechanism is arranged among the swing support (231), the overturning support (20) and the base (31), the linkage mechanism is assembled to enable the swing support (231) to be located at the station a when the overturning support (20) is located at the station one, enable the swing support (231) to be located at the station b when the overturning support (20) is located at the station two, enable the swing support (231) to move from the station a to the station b when the overturning support (20) moves from the station to the station two, and enable the swing support (231) to move from the station b to the station a when the overturning support (20) moves from the station to the station one.
3. The steel structure pre-assembly device according to claim 2, characterized in that: the linkage mechanism comprises a first transmission shaft (25) and a second transmission shaft (24), the axis of the first transmission shaft (25) is parallel to the axis of the second guide roller (22), and the axis of the second transmission shaft (24) is vertical to the axis of the first transmission shaft (25) and vertical to the axis of a hinged shaft of the swing bracket (231); a first bevel gear (311) is fixedly connected to the base (31), the first bevel gear (311) and a hinge shaft of the turnover support (20) are coaxially arranged, a second bevel gear (251) and a third bevel gear (252) are respectively arranged at two ends of the first transmission shaft (25), a fourth bevel gear (241) and a fifth bevel gear (242) are respectively arranged at two ends of the second transmission shaft (24), a sixth bevel gear (232) which is synchronously and rotatably connected is arranged on the hinge shaft of the swing support (231), the first bevel gear (311) is meshed with the second bevel gear (251), the third bevel gear (252) is meshed with the fourth bevel gear (241), and the fifth bevel gear (242) is meshed with the sixth bevel gear (232); the overall transmission ratio between the first bevel gear (311) to the sixth bevel gear (232) is 1: 1.
4. The steel structure pre-assembly device according to claim 3, characterized in that: still be equipped with telescopic machanism between the articulated shaft of swing support (231) and upset support (20), telescopic machanism is assembled and is made to enable swing support (231) to move to the direction that is close to first deflector roll (21) along the axis direction of its articulated shaft when swing support (231) is moved to station b by station a, and can make swing support (231) move to the direction of keeping away from first deflector roll (21) along the axis direction of its articulated shaft when swing support (231) is moved to station a by station b.
5. The steel structure pre-assembly device according to claim 4, characterized in that: the telescopic mechanism comprises a spiral boss (235) arranged on the overturning bracket (20) along the circumferential direction of a hinge shaft of the swinging bracket (231) and a pin rod (234) arranged on the hinge shaft of the swinging bracket (231), the hinge shaft of the swinging bracket (231) is in sliding connection with the overturning bracket (20) along the axis direction of the hinge shaft, the pin rod (234) is in sliding butt joint with the spiral boss (235), a first elastic unit (233) is arranged between the swinging bracket (231) and the overturning bracket (20), and when the swinging bracket (231) moves from the station a to the station b, the elastic force of the first elastic unit (233) can drive the swinging bracket (231) to slide towards the direction close to the first guide roller (21) along the axis direction of the hinge shaft; when the swing bracket (231) moves from the station b to the station a, the spiral boss (235) can push the pin rod (234) so as to enable the swing bracket (231) to slide in a direction away from the first guide roller (21) along the axial direction of the hinged shaft of the swing bracket.
6. The steel structure pre-assembly device according to claim 5, characterized in that: the lifting support (10) is connected with the base (30) in a sliding mode through a vertical guide post, the linkage device comprises a swing rod (26) fixedly arranged on a hinge shaft of the overturning support (20), a guide wheel (261) is arranged at the end portion of the swing rod (26), the guide wheel (261) is in rolling blocking connection with the bottom surface of the lifting support (10), the swing rod (26) is in a vertical state when the overturning support (20) is in a horizontal state, the swing rod (26) is in a horizontal state when the overturning support (20) is in the vertical state, and the length of the swing rod (26) is larger than that of the second guide roller (22).
7. The steel structure pre-assembly device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the base (30) is provided with a protruding unit (34) which protrudes upwards, the upper end of the protruding unit (34) is blocked and connected with the bottom surface of the lifting bracket (10), and the protruding height of the protruding unit (34) is adjustable; the protruding unit (34) is a piston rod of a hydraulic cylinder vertically arranged on the machine base.
8. The steel structure pre-assembly device according to claim 1, characterized in that: a driving element for driving the overturning bracket (20) to overturn is arranged between the overturning bracket (20) and the base (31); the driving element is a piston cylinder, a cylinder body of the piston cylinder is hinged to the base (31), a piston rod of the piston cylinder is hinged to the overturning support (20) relatively, and a hinged shaft is not coaxial with a hinged shaft between the overturning support (20) and the base (31).
9. The steel structure pre-assembly device according to claim 1, characterized in that: slide rail (32) sliding connection that sets up on base (31) and base (30), the length direction of slide rail (32) is perpendicular with the axis direction of the articulated shaft of upset support (20), is equipped with between base (30) and two bases (31) to be used for driving two bases (31) and follows the synchronous reverse motion of slide rail (32) actuating mechanism.
10. The steel structure pre-assembly device according to claim 9, characterized in that: the driving mechanism comprises a lead screw (33) which is rotatably connected with the base (30) and is arranged in parallel with the sliding rail (32), two sections of threads with opposite turning directions are symmetrically arranged on the lead screw (33), the two sections of threads are respectively in threaded fit with nut blocks arranged on the two bases (31), and the end part of the lead screw (33) is connected with a hand wheel or a motor.
CN202011208181.9A 2020-11-03 2020-11-03 Steel constructs device of assembling in advance Active CN112536511B (en)

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TWI793042B (en) * 2022-07-05 2023-02-11 登琳精密科技有限公司 Steel profile assembling and processing machine
TWI793043B (en) * 2022-07-06 2023-02-11 登琳精密科技有限公司 Steel profile loading and moving mechanism

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JPH0538571A (en) * 1991-08-05 1993-02-19 Yoshikawa Kogyo Co Ltd Device for assembling shape steel
CN101934455A (en) * 2010-09-27 2011-01-05 无锡华联精工机械有限公司 Wing plate turnover mechanism of H section steel horizontal assembly welding all-in-one machine
CN103287838A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-11 湖北弘毅建筑装饰工程有限公司 Vertical conveying equipment capable of achieving automatic overturning of flange plates for H-shaped steel three-plate assembly
CN108311807A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-07-24 泰安方力智能设备有限公司 NC heavy H profile steel automated exchanged cutter welding production line
CN207695928U (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-08-07 桐乡聚业钢结构有限公司 A kind of vertical machine of H profile steel group
CN111604622A (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-09-01 浙江东南网架股份有限公司 Application method of horizontal digital assembly welding technology for welding H-shaped steel

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0538571A (en) * 1991-08-05 1993-02-19 Yoshikawa Kogyo Co Ltd Device for assembling shape steel
CN101934455A (en) * 2010-09-27 2011-01-05 无锡华联精工机械有限公司 Wing plate turnover mechanism of H section steel horizontal assembly welding all-in-one machine
CN103287838A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-11 湖北弘毅建筑装饰工程有限公司 Vertical conveying equipment capable of achieving automatic overturning of flange plates for H-shaped steel three-plate assembly
CN207695928U (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-08-07 桐乡聚业钢结构有限公司 A kind of vertical machine of H profile steel group
CN108311807A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-07-24 泰安方力智能设备有限公司 NC heavy H profile steel automated exchanged cutter welding production line
CN111604622A (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-09-01 浙江东南网架股份有限公司 Application method of horizontal digital assembly welding technology for welding H-shaped steel

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