CN112499304A - Stable concrete discharging device and discharging method thereof - Google Patents

Stable concrete discharging device and discharging method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112499304A
CN112499304A CN202011271301.XA CN202011271301A CN112499304A CN 112499304 A CN112499304 A CN 112499304A CN 202011271301 A CN202011271301 A CN 202011271301A CN 112499304 A CN112499304 A CN 112499304A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
concrete
plate
stable
driving motor
storage box
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN202011271301.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程委
胡鹏云
娄新宇
邵凯
许盼盼
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hefei Dongkai New Building Materials Co ltd
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Hefei Dongkai New Building Materials Co ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Hefei Dongkai New Building Materials Co ltd filed Critical Hefei Dongkai New Building Materials Co ltd
Priority to CN202011271301.XA priority Critical patent/CN112499304A/en
Publication of CN112499304A publication Critical patent/CN112499304A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G69/00Auxiliary measures taken, or devices used, in connection with loading or unloading
    • B65G69/04Spreading out the materials conveyed over the whole surface to be loaded; Trimming heaps of loose materials
    • B65G69/0441Spreading out the materials conveyed over the whole surface to be loaded; Trimming heaps of loose materials with chutes, deflector means or channels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C7/00Controlling the operation of apparatus for producing mixtures of clay or cement with other substances; Supplying or proportioning the ingredients for mixing clay or cement with other substances; Discharging the mixture
    • B28C7/16Discharge means, e.g. with intermediate storage of fresh concrete
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/54Gates or closures
    • B65D90/62Gates or closures having closure members movable out of the plane of the opening
    • B65D90/626Gates or closures having closure members movable out of the plane of the opening having a linear motion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/30Methods or devices for filling or emptying bunkers, hoppers, tanks, or like containers, of interest apart from their use in particular chemical or physical processes or their application in particular machines, e.g. not covered by a single other subclass
    • B65G65/34Emptying devices
    • B65G65/40Devices for emptying otherwise than from the top
    • B65G65/46Devices for emptying otherwise than from the top using screw conveyors
    • B65G65/463Devices for emptying otherwise than from the top using screw conveyors arranged vertically or substantially vertically within the container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G67/00Loading or unloading vehicles
    • B65G67/02Loading or unloading land vehicles
    • B65G67/04Loading land vehicles
    • B65G67/06Feeding articles or materials from bunkers or tunnels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/04Bulk
    • B65G2201/045Sand, soil and mineral ore

Abstract

The invention discloses a stable concrete discharging device and a stable concrete discharging method, and relates to the technical field of concrete processing. The device comprises a supporting component, a stable discharging component is connected above the supporting component in a sliding mode, a plugging component is arranged at the bottom end of the stable discharging component, the supporting component comprises two vertical plates, an intermediate plate is fixedly installed between the two vertical plates, the two vertical plates are fixedly installed on a concrete stirring tank through bolts, a U-shaped frame is fixedly installed on the two vertical plates, and a threaded screw rod is rotatably connected to one surface of the intermediate plate and the inner wall of the U-shaped frame. According to the invention, by starting the control switch of the second driving motor, the second driving motor drives the spiral push rod to rotate through the connecting column, so that the concrete in the storage box is conveyed downwards until the concrete in the storage box is conveyed to the concrete transport vehicle.

Description

Stable concrete discharging device and discharging method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of concrete processing, and particularly relates to a stable concrete discharging device and a stable concrete discharging method.
Background
Concrete, referred to as "concrete" for short: refers to the general name of engineering composite materials formed by cementing aggregate into a whole by cementing materials. The term concrete generally refers to cement as the cementing material and sand and stone as the aggregate; the cement concrete, also called ordinary concrete, is widely used in civil engineering, and has the characteristics of rich raw materials, low price and simple production process, so that the dosage of the concrete is increased more and more. Meanwhile, the concrete also has the characteristics of high compressive strength, good durability, wide strength grade range and the like. These characteristics make it very widely used, not only in various civil engineering, that is shipbuilding, machinery industry, ocean development, geothermal engineering, etc., but also concrete is an important material.
At present, the existing concrete discharging device in the market is difficult to move the discharging port, so that concrete conveyed to a concrete transport vehicle is accumulated, the transport effect of the concrete is reduced, and in addition, most of the existing concrete discharging devices directly pour concrete in a concrete mixing tank onto the concrete transport vehicle, so that the discharging of the concrete discharging device is unstable.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a stable concrete discharging device and a stable concrete discharging method, and solves the problems that a discharging port cannot be moved and the discharging speed is uncontrollable in the existing concrete discharging device by arranging a stable discharging assembly.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
the invention relates to a stable concrete discharging device which comprises a supporting assembly, wherein a stable discharging assembly is connected above the supporting assembly in a sliding manner, and the bottom end of the stable discharging assembly is provided with a plugging assembly;
the supporting component comprises two vertical plates, an intermediate plate is fixedly arranged between the two vertical plates, the two vertical plates are fixedly arranged on the concrete stirring tank through bolts, a U-shaped frame is fixedly arranged on the two vertical plates, the surface of the intermediate plate and the inner wall of the U-shaped frame are rotatably connected with a threaded lead screw, one end, close to the intermediate plate, of the threaded lead screw is fixedly provided with a toothed ring, a first driving motor is fixedly arranged on the intermediate plate, the output end of the first driving motor is fixedly provided with a gear, and the gear is meshed with the toothed ring;
the stable discharging assembly comprises a storage box, two guide chutes are formed in the storage box, two side faces of the storage box are fixedly provided with a side plate, two groups of support plates are fixedly arranged at the bottom ends of the side plates, an I-shaped roller is rotatably connected between each group of support plates and erected on a frame of a U-shaped frame, sleeves are fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the storage box and positioned under the guide chutes, spiral push rods are arranged in the sleeves, two frame plates are fixedly arranged at the top ends of the storage box, a connecting column is rotatably connected to the lower surface of each frame plate, the bottom end of the connecting column is fixedly connected with the top end of each spiral push rod, a second driving motor is fixedly arranged on each frame plate, the output end of each second driving motor penetrates through each frame plate and is fixedly connected with the corresponding connecting column, and a connecting block is fixedly arranged between the two sleeves, a thread groove matched with the thread screw rod is formed in the connecting block;
the plugging component comprises a fixed plate, two through holes are formed in the upper surface of the fixed plate, the inner wall of each through hole is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the sleeve, a rectangular groove is formed in the lower surface of the fixed plate, a plugging plate is connected to the inside of the rectangular groove in a sliding mode, and the fixed plate and the plugging plate are connected through a connecting component.
Preferably, the vertical plate is connected with the U-shaped frame through a reinforcing plate, the top end of the reinforcing plate is fixedly connected with the lower surface of the U-shaped frame, and the bottom end of the reinforcing plate is fixedly connected with the surface of the vertical plate.
Preferably, one end of the threaded screw rod is rotatably connected with the surface of the middle plate through a bearing, and the other end of the threaded screw rod is also rotatably connected with the inner wall of the U-shaped frame through a bearing.
Preferably, "U" shape frame is kept away from the one end fixed surface of intermediate lamella and is installed a backing plate, fixed mounting has a guard plate between intermediate lamella and the backing plate, the guard plate is located the screw lead screw directly over, the inside of connecting block seted up one with guard plate assorted guard slot, the guard plate is used for protecting the screw lead screw, avoids the concrete to drip on the screw lead screw, causes this concrete discharging device unable operation.
Preferably, the first position sensor of one end fixed mounting of guard plate, the other end fixed mounting second position sensor of guard plate, stabilize ejection of compact subassembly and still include the PLC controller, first position sensor, second position sensor and first driving motor and PLC controller electric connection, send signal for the PLC controller when first position sensor or second position sensor detect and stabilize ejection of compact subassembly, the first driving motor of PLC controller control switches the rotation direction.
Preferably, a feeding hopper is fixedly arranged above the storage box and between the two frame plates, and the feeding hopper is a member made of steel alloy.
Preferably, a sliding groove is formed in the opposite inner wall of the rectangular groove, a sliding block is fixedly mounted on two side faces of the plugging plate, and the sliding block is located inside the sliding groove and is in sliding fit with the sliding groove.
Preferably, the connecting assembly comprises a first convex plate and a second convex plate, the first convex plate is fixedly installed on the rectangular groove, the second convex plate is fixedly installed on the plugging plate, and the first convex plate and the second convex plate are connected through an electric telescopic rod.
Preferably, the discharge method of the stable concrete discharge device comprises the following steps:
SS 001: firstly, workers fixedly install a vertical plate on a concrete stirring tank through a bolt, and then drive a concrete transport vehicle to the lower part of the concrete discharging device;
SS 002: after the concrete transport vehicle is driven to the position below the concrete discharging device, the concrete in the concrete stirring tank is poured into the feeding hopper, and the concrete in the feeding hopper falls into the storage box along the feeding hopper;
and (4) SS 003: then starting a control switch of the electric telescopic rod, wherein the electric telescopic rod drives the plugging plate to move, so that the plugging plate does not plug the bottom end of the sleeve any more, then starting a control switch of a second driving motor, and the second driving motor drives the helical blade to rotate through the connecting column, so that the concrete in the storage box is conveyed downwards until the concrete in the storage box is conveyed to the concrete transport vehicle;
SS 004: carry out the in-process of carrying at the inside concrete of helical strut to the storage box, start the control switch of PLC controller, the PLC controller starts first driving motor's control switch, first driving motor will drive gear revolve, because the ring gear meshing in gear and the screw thread lead screw outside is connected, therefore the rotation of gear will drive the screw thread lead screw and rotate, send signal for the PLC controller when first position sensor or second position sensor detect stable ejection of compact subassembly, the first driving motor of PLC controller control switches the rotation direction, thereby make stable ejection of compact subassembly be reciprocal linear motion, it can be with the even transport concrete transport vehicle of the inside concrete of storage box to stabilize ejection of compact subassembly on, thereby make the ejection of compact effect of concrete better.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the invention, the control switch of the first driving motor is started through the PLC, the first driving motor can drive the gear to rotate, the gear is meshed with the gear ring on the outer side of the threaded screw rod, so that the threaded screw rod can be driven to rotate by the rotation of the gear, the PLC controls the first driving motor to switch the rotation direction according to a signal sent by the position sensor, the stable discharging assembly can do reciprocating linear motion to uniformly convey concrete in the storage box to the concrete transport vehicle, and the discharging effect of the concrete is better.
2. According to the invention, by starting the control switch of the second driving motor, the second driving motor drives the spiral push rod to rotate through the connecting column, so that the concrete in the storage box is conveyed downwards until the concrete in the storage box is conveyed to the concrete transport vehicle.
3. According to the invention, by starting the control switch of the electric telescopic rod, the electric telescopic rod can drive the plugging plate to move, so that the plugging plate plugs the bottom end of the sleeve, and the waste of resources caused by concrete flowing out when the concrete transport vehicle does not reach a specified position is avoided.
Of course, it is not necessary for any product in which the invention is practiced to achieve all of the above-described advantages at the same time.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a stable concrete discharge apparatus;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of another perspective of a stabilized concrete discharge apparatus;
FIG. 3 is a front view of FIG. 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a support assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the stable discharging component and the plugging component in cooperation;
FIG. 6 is a front view of FIG. 5 of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of a stabilized take-off assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a plugging assembly of the present invention;
in the drawings, the components represented by the respective reference numerals are listed below:
1. a support assembly; 101. a vertical plate; 102. a middle plate; 103. a bolt; 104. a U-shaped frame; 105. a reinforcing plate; 106. a threaded lead screw; 107. a toothed ring; 108. a first drive motor; 109. a gear; 110. a base plate; 111. a protection plate; 112. a first position sensor; 113. a second position sensor; 2. stabilizing the discharging assembly; 201. a storage box; 202. a material guide chute; 203. a side plate; 204. a support plate; 205. an I-shaped roller; 206. a sleeve; 207. a screw push rod; 208. a frame plate; 209. connecting columns; 210. a second drive motor; 211. feeding into a hopper; 212. connecting blocks; 213. a thread groove; 214. a protective bath; 3. a plugging component; 301. a fixing plate; 302. a rectangular groove; 303. a chute; 304. a through hole; 305. a plugging plate; 306. a slider; 307. a first convex plate; 308. a second convex plate; 309. an electric telescopic rod.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-8, the present invention is a stable concrete discharging device, including a supporting component 1, a stable discharging component 2 is slidably connected above the supporting component 1, and a plugging component 3 is disposed at the bottom end of the stable discharging component 2;
the supporting component 1 comprises two vertical plates 101, an intermediate plate 102 is fixedly installed between the two vertical plates 101, the two vertical plates 101 are fixedly installed on a concrete mixing tank through bolts 103, a U-shaped frame 104 is fixedly installed on the two vertical plates 101, a threaded lead screw 106 is rotatably connected to one surface of the intermediate plate 102 and the inner wall of the U-shaped frame 104, a toothed ring 107 is fixedly installed at one end, close to the intermediate plate 102, of the threaded lead screw 106, a first driving motor 108 is fixedly installed on the intermediate plate 102, a gear 109 is fixedly installed at the output end of the first driving motor 108, and the gear 109 is meshed with the toothed ring 107;
the stable discharging assembly 2 comprises a storage box 201, two guide chutes 202 are formed in the storage box 201, two side faces of the storage box 201 are fixedly provided with a side plate 203, two groups of support plates 204 are fixedly arranged at the bottom ends of the side plates 203, an I-shaped roller 205 is rotatably connected between the support plates 204 of each group, the I-shaped roller 205 is erected on a frame of the U-shaped frame 104, a sleeve 206 is fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the storage box 201 and under the guide chutes 202, a spiral push rod 207 is arranged in the sleeve 206, two frame plates 208 are fixedly arranged at the top end of the storage box 201, a connecting post 209 is rotatably connected to the lower surface of the frame plate 208, the bottom end of the connecting post 209 is fixedly connected to the top end of the spiral push rod 207, a second driving motor 210 is fixedly arranged on the frame plate 208, and the output end of the second driving motor 210 penetrates through the frame plates 208 and is fixedly connected to the connecting post 209, a connecting block 212 is fixedly installed between the two sleeves 206, and a thread groove 213 matched with the thread screw 106 is formed inside the connecting block 212;
the plugging component 3 comprises a fixing plate 301, two through holes 304 are formed in the upper surface of the fixing plate 301, the inner wall of each through hole 304 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the sleeve 206, a rectangular groove 302 is formed in the lower surface of the fixing plate 301, a plugging plate 305 is connected to the inside of the rectangular groove 302 in a sliding mode, and the fixing plate 301 and the plugging plate 305 are connected through a connecting component.
Furthermore, the vertical plate 101 and the U-shaped frame 104 are connected through a reinforcing plate 105, the top end of the reinforcing plate 105 is fixedly connected with the lower surface of the U-shaped frame 104, and the bottom end of the reinforcing plate 105 is fixedly connected with the surface of the vertical plate 101.
Further, one end of the threaded screw 106 is rotatably connected with the surface of the middle plate 102 through a bearing, and the other end of the threaded screw 106 is also rotatably connected with the inner wall of the "U" shaped frame 104 through a bearing.
Further, fixed surface installs a backing plate 110 on the one end that "U" shape frame 104 kept away from intermediate lamella 102, fixed mounting has a guard plate 111 between intermediate lamella 102 and the backing plate 110, guard plate 111 is located screw lead screw 106 directly over, a guard groove 214 with guard plate 111 assorted has been seted up to the inside of connecting block 212, guard plate 111 is used for protecting screw lead screw 106, avoids the concrete to drip on screw lead screw 106, causes this concrete discharging device unable operation.
Further, the first position sensor 112 of one end fixed mounting of guard plate 111, the other end fixed mounting second position sensor 113 of guard plate 111, stabilize ejection of compact subassembly 2 and still include the PLC controller, and first position sensor 112, second position sensor 113 and first driving motor 108 and PLC controller electric connection send signal for the PLC controller when first position sensor 112 or second position sensor 113 detect and stabilize ejection of compact subassembly 2, and the first driving motor 108 of PLC controller control switches the rotation direction.
Further, a feeding hopper 211 is fixedly installed above the storage box 201 and between the two frame plates 208, and the feeding hopper 211 is made of steel alloy.
Further, a sliding groove 303 is formed in a relative inner wall of the rectangular groove 302, a sliding block 306 is fixedly mounted on two side faces of the blocking plate 305, and the sliding block 306 is located inside the sliding groove 303 and is in sliding fit with the sliding groove 303.
Further, the connecting assembly comprises a first protruding plate 307 and a second protruding plate 308, the first protruding plate 307 is fixedly installed on the rectangular groove 302, the second protruding plate 308 is fixedly installed on the blocking plate 305, and the first protruding plate 307 and the second protruding plate 308 are connected through an electric telescopic rod 309.
Further, a stable concrete discharging device discharging method comprises the following steps:
SS 001: firstly, a worker fixedly installs a vertical plate 101 on a concrete mixing tank through a bolt 103, and then drives a concrete transport vehicle to the lower part of the concrete discharging device;
SS 002: after the concrete transport vehicle is driven to the position below the concrete discharging device, the concrete in the concrete mixing tank is poured into the feeding hopper 211, and the concrete in the feeding hopper 211 falls into the storage box 201 along the feeding hopper 211;
and (4) SS 003: then, a control switch of the electric telescopic rod 309 is started, the electric telescopic rod 309 drives the blocking plate 305 to move, so that the blocking plate 305 does not block the bottom end of the sleeve 206 any more, then, a control switch of the second driving motor 210 is started, the second driving motor 210 drives the spiral push rod 207 to rotate through the connecting column 209, and therefore the concrete inside the storage box 201 is conveyed downwards until the concrete inside the storage box 201 is conveyed to the concrete transport vehicle;
SS 004: in the process of conveying the concrete in the storage box 201 by the spiral push rod 207, a control switch of the PLC controller is started, the PLC controller starts a control switch of the first driving motor 108, the first driving motor 108 drives the gear 109 to rotate, the gear 109 is meshed with the gear ring 107 outside the threaded screw 106, the threaded screw 106 is driven to rotate by the rotation of the gear 109, when the stable discharging component 2 is detected by the first position sensor 112 or the second position sensor 113, a signal is sent to the PLC controller, the PLC controller controls the first driving motor 108 to switch the rotating direction, so that the stable discharging component 2 performs reciprocating linear motion, the concrete in the storage box 201 can be uniformly conveyed to a concrete transport vehicle, and the discharging effect of the concrete is better.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example" or the like are intended to mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise embodiments disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a stable form concrete discharging device, includes supporting component (1), its characterized in that: a stable discharging component (2) is connected above the supporting component (1) in a sliding manner, and a plugging component (3) is arranged at the bottom end of the stable discharging component (2);
the supporting assembly (1) comprises two vertical plates (101), an intermediate plate (102) is fixedly installed between the two vertical plates (101), the two vertical plates (101) are fixedly installed on a concrete mixing tank through bolts (103), a U-shaped frame (104) is fixedly installed on the two vertical plates (101), a threaded lead screw (106) is rotatably connected to the surface of the intermediate plate (102) and the inner wall of the U-shaped frame (104), a toothed ring (107) is fixedly installed at one end, close to the intermediate plate (102), of the threaded lead screw (106), a first driving motor (108) is fixedly installed on the intermediate plate (102), a gear (109) is fixedly installed at the output end of the first driving motor (108), and the gear (109) is meshed with the toothed ring (107);
the stable discharging assembly (2) comprises a storage box (201), two guide chutes (202) are formed in the storage box (201), two side faces of the storage box (201) are fixedly provided with a side plate (203), two groups of support plates (204) are fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the side plate (203), a 'I' -shaped roller (205) is rotatably connected between the support plates (204) in each group, the 'I' -shaped roller (205) is erected on a frame of the 'U' -shaped frame (104), a sleeve (206) is fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the storage box (201) and right below the guide chutes (202), a spiral push rod (207) is arranged in the sleeve (206), two frame plates (208) are fixedly arranged at the top end of the storage box (201), a connecting column (209) is rotatably connected with the lower surface of the frame plates (208), and the bottom end of the connecting column (209) is fixedly connected with the top end of the spiral push rod (207), a second driving motor (210) is fixedly mounted on the frame plate (208), the output end of the second driving motor (210) penetrates through the frame plate (208) and is fixedly connected with the connecting column (209), a connecting block (212) is fixedly mounted between the two sleeves (206), and a thread groove (213) matched with the threaded screw rod (106) is formed in the connecting block (212);
the plugging component (3) comprises a fixing plate (301), two through holes (304) are formed in the upper surface of the fixing plate (301), the inner wall of each through hole (304) is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the sleeve (206), a rectangular groove (302) is formed in the lower surface of the fixing plate (301), a plugging plate (305) is connected to the inside of the rectangular groove (302) in a sliding mode, and the fixing plate (301) and the plugging plate (305) are connected through a connecting component.
2. The stable concrete discharging device according to claim 1, wherein the vertical plate (101) and the U-shaped frame (104) are connected through a reinforcing plate (105), the top end of the reinforcing plate (105) is fixedly connected with the lower surface of the U-shaped frame (104), and the bottom end of the reinforcing plate (105) is fixedly connected with the surface of the vertical plate (101).
3. A stabilized concrete discharge device according to claim 1, characterized in that one end of said threaded screw (106) is rotatably connected to the surface of the intermediate plate (102) by means of a bearing, and the other end of said threaded screw (106) is rotatably connected to the inner wall of the "U" shaped frame (104) by means of a bearing.
4. The stable concrete discharging device according to claim 1, wherein a backing plate (110) is fixedly installed on the upper surface of one end, away from the middle plate (102), of the U-shaped frame (104), a protection plate (111) is fixedly installed between the middle plate (102) and the backing plate (110), the protection plate (111) is located right above the threaded screw rod (106), and a protection groove (214) matched with the protection plate (111) is formed in the connecting block (212).
5. The stable concrete discharging device according to claim 4, wherein a first position sensor (112) is fixedly installed at one end of the protection plate (111), a second position sensor (113) is fixedly installed at the other end of the protection plate (111), the stable discharging assembly (2) further comprises a PLC, the first position sensor (112), the second position sensor (113) and the first driving motor (108) are electrically connected with the PLC, when the first position sensor (112) or the second position sensor (113) detects the stable discharging assembly (2), a signal is sent to the PLC, and the PLC controls the first driving motor (108) to switch the rotating direction.
6. The stable concrete discharging device according to claim 1, wherein an inlet hopper (211) is fixedly installed above the storage box (201) and between the two frame plates (208), and the inlet hopper (211) is made of steel alloy.
7. The stable concrete discharging device according to claim 1, wherein a sliding groove (303) is formed in each of opposite inner walls of the rectangular groove (302), a sliding block (306) is fixedly mounted on each of two side surfaces of the blocking plate (305), and the sliding block (306) is located inside the sliding groove (303) and is in sliding fit with the sliding groove (303).
8. The stable concrete discharging device according to claim 1, wherein the connecting assembly comprises a first convex plate (307) and a second convex plate (308), the first convex plate (307) is fixedly installed on the rectangular groove (302), the second convex plate (308) is fixedly installed on the blocking plate (305), and the first convex plate (307) and the second convex plate (308) are connected through an electric telescopic rod (309).
9. A method of discharging stabilized concrete discharge apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 8, comprising the steps of:
SS 001: firstly, a worker fixedly installs a discharging device on a concrete mixing tank through a bolt (103), and then drives a concrete transport vehicle to the lower part of the concrete discharging device;
SS 002: after the concrete transport vehicle is driven to the position below the concrete discharging device, the concrete in the concrete stirring tank is poured into the feeding hopper (211), and the concrete in the feeding hopper (211) falls into the storage box (201) along the feeding hopper (211);
and (4) SS 003: then, a control switch of the electric telescopic rod (309) is started, the electric telescopic rod (309) can drive the blocking plate (305) to move, so that the blocking plate (305) does not block the bottom end of the sleeve (206), then, a control switch of a second driving motor (210) is started, the second driving motor (210) can drive the spiral push rod (207) to rotate through the connecting column (209), and therefore concrete in the storage box (201) is conveyed downwards until the concrete in the storage box (201) is conveyed to the concrete transport vehicle;
SS 004: starting a control switch of a PLC controller in the process that the spiral push rod (207) conveys the concrete in the storage box (201), the PLC controller starts a control switch of the first driving motor (108), the first driving motor (108) drives the gear (109) to rotate, because the gear (109) is meshed with the gear ring (107) on the outer side of the threaded screw rod (106), the rotation of the gear (109) drives the threaded screw rod (106) to rotate, when the first position sensor (112) or the second position sensor (113) detects the stable discharging component (2), a signal is sent to the PLC controller, the PLC controller controls the first driving motor (108) to switch the rotating direction, thereby make stable ejection of compact subassembly (2) be reciprocating linear motion, stabilize ejection of compact subassembly (2) and be reciprocating linear motion and can be with the even transport of concrete to the concrete transport vechicle of the inside concrete of storage box (201).
CN202011271301.XA 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 Stable concrete discharging device and discharging method thereof Pending CN112499304A (en)

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