CN112320122A - Road-rail combined transport self-discharging container - Google Patents

Road-rail combined transport self-discharging container Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN112320122A
CN112320122A CN202011080691.2A CN202011080691A CN112320122A CN 112320122 A CN112320122 A CN 112320122A CN 202011080691 A CN202011080691 A CN 202011080691A CN 112320122 A CN112320122 A CN 112320122A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
container
plate
hydraulic cylinder
cylinder
beams
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011080691.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王凯
蒋晗
张皓
李强
孙满平
毛廷华
林武
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CRRC Meishan Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Meishan CRRC Logistics Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Meishan CRRC Logistics Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Meishan CRRC Logistics Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN202011080691.2A priority Critical patent/CN112320122A/en
Publication of CN112320122A publication Critical patent/CN112320122A/en
Priority to AU2021105277A priority patent/AU2021105277A4/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/02Wall construction
    • B65D90/08Interconnections of wall parts; Sealing means therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers

Abstract

The invention discloses a highway-railway combined transportation self-discharging open top type container. The container is of a structure without a top surface and two front and rear end plates, two side surfaces of the container can be opened, four corners at the bottom are provided with wide angle pieces for connecting with a conventional container semi-trailer hanger or a railway container flat car, and four corners at the top are provided with wide angle pieces for connecting with a container throwing lifting suspension arm; the bottom surface of the container is a self-discharging structure which is overlapped along the longitudinal central axis of the container and can be lifted to form two funnel shapes with the side plates. The structure of the invention can realize that the bulk cargo can be lifted and dumped to the two sides of the vehicle at the same time, thus greatly improving the transverse stability during dumping, allowing the vehicle to continue to advance at low speed during dumping operation on the basis, and avoiding the problem that the tires of the vehicle are buried in the bulk cargo; meanwhile, the box body can be used for hoisting, multi-mode combined transportation can be expanded, combined transportation of railway and highway combination, combined transportation of water transportation and highway combination and the like can be realized, and seamless butt joint of multi-mode transportation can be realized.

Description

Road-rail combined transport self-discharging container
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of design and manufacture of cargo transportation equipment, particularly belongs to the design technology of containers for cargo transportation, and relates to a self-discharging open-top container structure which can be used for container framework semi-trailers, railway flat car transportation or highway-railway combined transportation.
Background
In the transportation of conventional skeleton semitrailer, its container of standard and joining in marriage can realize getting rid of the case transportation to this practices thrift semitrailer latency, improves freight turnover efficiency, and nevertheless the unloading time of goods is comparatively permanent in the continuous container incasement, and loads the goods and mostly the bagging-off or the packing goods of cartridge, and bulk cargo relates to very few. The existing container structure can not meet the self-discharging requirement aiming at the loading and unloading design of bulk goods, greatly increases the transportation limitation of the container and reduces the distribution efficiency of the whole transportation chain of the container goods.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention discloses a highway-railway combined transport self-discharging container. The invention aims to solve the problems of transportation limitation of bulk cargo transportation by a conventional container and low efficiency of the whole transportation period of the bulk cargo, and provides a container structure which can be used for container frame semi-trailer box throwing transportation and railway flat car transportation and realizes the middle-opening, self-discharging and open-top type.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
road-rail intermodal self-discharging container, its characterized in that: the container is of a cubic structure without a top surface, the front and the rear of the container are respectively provided with a fixed end plate, and two side surfaces of the container are of openable structures; wide angle pieces are arranged at four corners of the bottom of the container hanger and used for being connected with a conventional container semi-trailer hanger, and wide angle pieces are arranged at four corners of the top of the container hanger and used for hoisting and connecting a container throwing hoisting suspension arm; the bottom surface of the container is a double-layer underframe structure, and the bottom plate is overlapped along the longitudinal central axis of the container and can be lifted to form a two-side funnel-shaped self-discharging structure with the side plates.
The double-layer underframe comprises a lower-layer underframe and an upper-layer underframe; the lower chassis includes: a plurality of longitudinal beams which are arranged in parallel along the longitudinal direction of the container, two end beams which are arranged at two ends in parallel along the transverse direction of the container, a hydraulic cylinder supporting cross beam at the transverse center, a plurality of groups of bottom plate cross beams which are arranged between the end beams and the central supporting cross beam in parallel along the transverse direction of the container, and movable bottom plate supporting seats which are assembled and welded at the inner sides of the two end beams; the upper chassis includes: the container comprises overturning bottom frames arranged along two sides of a longitudinal central axis of a container, outer longitudinal beams of the overturning bottom frames are hinged with lower-layer bottom frame side longitudinal beams through a plurality of groups, bottom plates which are arranged along two sides of the longitudinal central axis of the container and are overlapped are laid and fixed on the overturning bottom frames to form a plane container bottom, the overturning bottom frames are driven by hydraulic cylinders to lift, and the hydraulic cylinders are arranged on hydraulic cylinder supporting beams through hydraulic cylinder supporting seats.
The lateral plate transversely sets up upper portion curb plate and lower part curb plate, and the upper portion curb plate is fixed knot structure, and the lower part curb plate is top articulated below opening structure.
The lower ends of the lower side plates on the two sides are provided with a plurality of groups of side plate opening and closing mechanisms; every curb plate closing mechanism all includes: the locking hook is used for locking the bottom end of the lower side plate, and the cylinder or the hydraulic cylinder drives the locking hook to rotate to realize opening and closing; the air cylinder or the hydraulic cylinder is fixed on the outer side longitudinal beam of the lower-layer underframe through the cylinder seat.
The air cylinder or the hydraulic cylinder forming the side plate opening and closing mechanism is a synchronous opening and closing mechanism.
The locking hook is of an L-shaped hook structure, the middle part of the L-shaped hook is hinged with the bottom frame through a shaft to form a lever structure, the front end of the L-shaped hook is matched with the side plate to be locked or released to be opened, and the rear end of the L-shaped hook is in driving connection with an air cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder of the opening and closing mechanism.
The bottom plate supporting seat is of an L-shaped assembly welding structure, one L-shaped side is assembled and welded on the side face of the end beam, and the other L-shaped side is horizontally arranged to serve as a bottom plate supporting face.
The pneumatic cylinder of drive upset chassis passes through axle sleeve bolted connection on the pneumatic cylinder supporting seat, and the axle sleeve is the supporting foundry goods coupling mechanism of pneumatic cylinder, and the pneumatic cylinder supporting seat is L shape assembly welding structure, and one side and the central pneumatic cylinder supporting beam side welded fastening of L shape, and lifting hydraulic cylinder's piston is articulated with the pneumatic cylinder lifting hinge seat of upset chassis.
The invention has the following beneficial effects: the structure of the invention can realize that the bulk cargo can be lifted and dumped to the two sides of the vehicle at the same time, thus greatly improving the transverse stability during dumping, allowing the vehicle to continue to advance at low speed when the container is dumped on a trailer, and avoiding the problem that the tires of the vehicle are buried by the bulk cargo; meanwhile, the box body can be used for hoisting, multi-mode combined transportation can be expanded, combined transportation of railway and highway combination, combined transportation of water transportation and highway combination and the like can be realized, and seamless butt joint of multi-mode transportation can be realized.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of a vehicle-mounted state of a road-rail transport self-discharging container according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a three-dimensional structure of a vehicle-mounted state of the highway-railway combined transportation self-discharging container of the invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the composition of the container frame of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the side panel assembly of the container of the present invention
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a container inversion base frame according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the container of the present invention dumping cargo;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view showing the locking state of the side plates of the container according to the present invention
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the open position of the side panels of the container of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the front and rear end plates of the container of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic view of container lifting according to the present invention.
In the figure, 0-a conventional container semi-trailer, 1-a highway-railway dual-purpose open top container, 2-a double-layer underframe, 3-a front end plate, a rear end plate, 4-a side plate, 5-a bottom plate, 6-a wide angle piece, 7-a hinged component, 8-a hydraulic cylinder support beam, 9-a lifting oil cylinder, 10-a hydraulic cylinder support seat, 11-a movable bottom plate support seat, 12-an upper side plate, 13-a lower side plate, 14-a locking hook block, 15-a hydraulic cylinder lifting hinged seat, 16-a cylinder seat, 17-a locking hook, 18-a pneumatic cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder, 19-a locking hook seat and 20-a suspension arm.
Detailed Description
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with the following detailed description, which is intended to further illustrate the principles of the invention and is not intended to limit the invention in any way, but is equivalent or analogous to the present invention without departing from its scope.
With reference to the attached drawings.
The container is a structure without a top surface, a front end plate and a rear end plate, two side surfaces can be opened, corner pieces 6 are arranged at four corners of the bottom of the container and used for being connected with a conventional container semi-trailer 0 hanging frame, and corner pieces 6 are arranged at four corners of the top of the container and used for being connected with a container throwing lifting suspension arm 20 in a lifting manner; the container bottom plate 5 is a self-unloading structure which is overlapped along the longitudinal central axis of the container and can be lifted to form two funnel shapes with the side plates 4.
The bottom surface of the container is composed of double-layer bottom frames 2 which are arranged up and down; the lower chassis includes: a plurality of longitudinal beams which are arranged in parallel along the longitudinal direction of the container, two end beams which are arranged in parallel along the transverse direction of the container, a hydraulic cylinder supporting beam 8 at the center, a plurality of groups of bottom plate beams which are arranged between the end beams and the central beam in parallel along the transverse direction of the container, and movable bottom plate supporting seats 11 which are welded at the two ends; the upper chassis includes: the container comprises overturning bottom frames arranged along two sides of a longitudinal central axis of a container, outer longitudinal beams of the overturning bottom frames are hinged and connected with side longitudinal beams of the lower bottom frames through a plurality of groups of hinges to form 7, bottom plates 5 which are arranged along two sides of the longitudinal central axis of the container and are overlapped are laid and fixed on the overturning bottom frames to form the bottom of the container, and each overturning bottom frame is driven to lift by a lifting hydraulic cylinder 9 arranged on a hydraulic cylinder supporting seat 10.
Front and rear end plates 3 are fixedly arranged on front end beams at two ends of the container.
The side plate 4 is transversely provided with an upper side plate 12 and a lower side plate 13, the upper side plate 12 is of a fixed structure, and the lower side plate 13 is of a lower opening structure with the top end hinged.
The lower ends of the lower side plates 13 on the two sides are provided with a plurality of groups of side plate opening and closing mechanisms; every curb plate closing mechanism all includes: a locking hook 17 for locking with the bottom end of the lower side plate 13, and an air cylinder or hydraulic cylinder 18 for driving the locking hook 17 to rotate to realize opening and closing; a cylinder or hydraulic cylinder 18 is secured to the outboard side rail by a cylinder block 16.
Pneumatic cylinder supporting seat 10 is L type assembly welding structure, and lifting cylinder 9 passes through the foundry goods axle sleeve with the help of bolted connection with hydraulic cylinder supporting seat 10, and pneumatic cylinder supporting seat 10 and pneumatic cylinder supporting beam 8 welded connection, and lifting cylinder 9's piston is articulated with the upset chassis through pneumatic cylinder lifting hinge seat 15.
The cylinder or hydraulic cylinder forming the opening and closing mechanism of the side plate 4 of the box body is a synchronous opening and closing mechanism.
The action principle is as follows:
a standard wide corner fitting 6 for an open top container is welded on a highway-railway combined transportation self-discharging open top container 1 in an assembly mode, and the connection with a conventional container semi-trailer 0 or a railway container flat car is realized through the corner fitting 6; a hydraulic cylinder support seat 10 and a plurality of groups of bottom plate cross beams are welded on the dumping device, and a dumping lifting oil cylinder 9 is installed on the dumping device; the front and rear end plates 3 of the container and the upper side plates 12 of the side plates 4 of the container are fixedly assembled and welded on the double-layer chassis 2 to form a framework for supporting and hoisting the flail box; the turnover hinge assembly 7 is welded on the container bottom plate and is hinged with the container bottom plate 5 through a pin shaft; a hydraulic cylinder lifting hinge seat 15 is welded on the longitudinal beam on the inner side of the container bottom plate 5 and is connected with a lifting oil cylinder 9, so that the bottom plate 5 can be pushed to lift and rotate, and bulk materials are dumped; the outer edge of the container bottom plate 5 is welded with a locking hook seat 19 which is provided with a pneumatic or hydraulic pushing connecting cylinder seat 16 and a locking hook in a connecting way, and the locking and the opening of the lower side plate 13 of the opening and closing part of the side plate 4 can be realized together with a cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder (or other devices with equivalent effect) and the locking hook 17; a locking hook stop 14 is welded on the lower edge of the lower side plate 13 of the container side plate 4, and is clamped with or separated from a locking hook 17 to realize the opening and closing of the locking hook stop, so as to provide a bulk cargo dumping channel; and standard container top corner pieces 8 are welded on the front end plate and the rear end plate 3 to provide hoisting points for the box-throwing suspension arms.
After the highway-railway combined transportation self-discharging open-top type container is placed on a conventional corresponding container semi-trailer or a railway container flat car, a skeleton car twist lock head is rotated to lock and fix an open-top container on the skeleton car, after bulk goods are conveyed to a dumping site, a pneumatic cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder 18 is pushed to push a locking hook 17 out to rotate around a locking hook seat 19 through a gas circuit or a hydraulic control pipeline, a side door 13 at the lower part of a side plate is opened, a lifting oil cylinder 9 is lifted and extended out through a lifting hydraulic cylinder control pipeline, a bottom plate 5 is driven to hinge around a double-layer underframe 2 through a hydraulic cylinder lifting hinge seat 15 to form 7 rotation and turnover, and the bulk goods slide out of the container under the action of the self weight to realize dumping; when the container is required to be thrown, the container twist lock head is rotated and opened, and the container can be lifted to finish the container throwing operation by reliably connecting the lifting appliance and the wide angle piece 6 at the top of the container through the corresponding special container lifting arm.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a highway-railway intermodal self-discharging formula container which characterized in that: the container is of a cubic structure without a top surface, the front and the rear of the container are respectively provided with a fixed end plate, and two side surfaces of the container are of openable structures; wide angle pieces are arranged at four corners of the bottom of the container hanger and used for being connected with a conventional container semi-trailer hanger, and wide angle pieces are arranged at four corners of the top of the container hanger and used for hoisting and connecting a container throwing hoisting suspension arm; the bottom surface of the container is a double-layer underframe structure, and the bottom plate is overlapped along the longitudinal central axis of the container and can be lifted to form a two-side funnel-shaped self-discharging structure with the side plates.
2. The highway-railway intermodal self-discharging container according to claim 1, wherein: the double-layer underframe comprises a lower-layer underframe and an upper-layer underframe; the lower chassis includes: a plurality of longitudinal beams which are arranged in parallel along the longitudinal direction of the container, two end beams which are arranged at two ends in parallel along the transverse direction of the container, a hydraulic cylinder supporting cross beam at the transverse center, a plurality of groups of bottom plate cross beams which are arranged between the end beams and the central supporting cross beam in parallel along the transverse direction of the container, and movable bottom plate supporting seats which are assembled and welded at the inner sides of the two end beams; the upper chassis includes: the container comprises overturning bottom frames arranged along two sides of a longitudinal central axis of a container, outer longitudinal beams of the overturning bottom frames are hinged with lower-layer bottom frame side longitudinal beams through a plurality of groups, bottom plates which are arranged along two sides of the longitudinal central axis of the container and are overlapped are laid and fixed on the overturning bottom frames to form a plane container bottom, the overturning bottom frames are driven by hydraulic cylinders to lift, and the hydraulic cylinders are arranged on hydraulic cylinder supporting beams through hydraulic cylinder supporting seats.
3. The highway-railway intermodal self-discharging container according to claim 2, wherein: the lateral plate transversely sets up upper portion curb plate and lower part curb plate, and the upper portion curb plate is fixed knot structure, and the lower part curb plate is top articulated below opening structure.
4. The road-rail intermodal dump container of claim 3, wherein: the lower ends of the lower side plates on the two sides are provided with a plurality of groups of side plate opening and closing mechanisms; every curb plate closing mechanism all includes: the locking hook is used for locking the bottom end of the lower side plate, and the cylinder or the hydraulic cylinder drives the locking hook to rotate to realize opening and closing; the air cylinder or the hydraulic cylinder is fixed on the outer side longitudinal beam of the lower-layer underframe through the cylinder seat.
5. The road-rail intermodal dump container of claim 4, wherein: the air cylinder or the hydraulic cylinder forming the side plate opening and closing mechanism is a synchronous opening and closing mechanism.
6. The road-rail intermodal dump container of claim 4, wherein: the locking hook is of an L-shaped hook structure, the middle part of the L-shaped hook is hinged with the bottom frame through a shaft to form a lever structure, the front end of the L-shaped hook is matched with the side plate to be locked or released to be opened, and the rear end of the L-shaped hook is in driving connection with an air cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder of the opening and closing mechanism.
7. The road-rail intermodal dump container of claim 3, wherein: the bottom plate supporting seat is of an L-shaped assembly welding structure, one L-shaped side is assembled and welded on the side face of the end beam, and the other L-shaped side is horizontally arranged to serve as a bottom plate supporting face.
8. The road-rail intermodal dump container of claim 3, wherein: the pneumatic cylinder of drive upset chassis passes through axle sleeve bolted connection on the pneumatic cylinder supporting seat, and the axle sleeve is the supporting foundry goods coupling mechanism of pneumatic cylinder, and the pneumatic cylinder supporting seat is L shape assembly welding structure, and one side and the central pneumatic cylinder supporting beam side welded fastening of L shape, and lifting hydraulic cylinder's piston is articulated with the pneumatic cylinder lifting hinge seat of upset chassis.
CN202011080691.2A 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 Road-rail combined transport self-discharging container Pending CN112320122A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011080691.2A CN112320122A (en) 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 Road-rail combined transport self-discharging container
AU2021105277A AU2021105277A4 (en) 2020-10-10 2021-08-11 Self-unloading container for road-rail combined transportation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011080691.2A CN112320122A (en) 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 Road-rail combined transport self-discharging container

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112320122A true CN112320122A (en) 2021-02-05

Family

ID=74313429

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011080691.2A Pending CN112320122A (en) 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 Road-rail combined transport self-discharging container

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112320122A (en)
AU (1) AU2021105277A4 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116513015A (en) * 2023-07-05 2023-08-01 山东沃胜专用车制造有限公司 Self-unloading semitrailer

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116513015A (en) * 2023-07-05 2023-08-01 山东沃胜专用车制造有限公司 Self-unloading semitrailer
CN116513015B (en) * 2023-07-05 2023-11-14 山东沃胜专用车制造有限公司 Self-unloading semitrailer

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AU2021105277A4 (en) 2021-10-07

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN111186639A (en) Self-discharging open top type container
CN101439719A (en) Grain hopper wagon
CN112918360A (en) Novel wing-opening self-discharging semitrailer and self-discharging method thereof
CN201342977Y (en) Split self-discharging wagon carriage
CN108556959A (en) A kind of UTV expanded letters platform trailer
CN112320122A (en) Road-rail combined transport self-discharging container
CN202703597U (en) Rail wagon split turnover type wagon roof structure
CN100545001C (en) Scraper type autounlouding device of heavy lengthened trailer
CN214085961U (en) Road-rail combined transport self-discharging container
CN108928355A (en) A kind of rocket body transport vehicle and rocket body handling method
CN214929237U (en) Novel wing-opening self-discharging semitrailer
CA3037656C (en) Hopper car
RU74878U1 (en) WAGON DUMP
CN202703598U (en) Entire overturning type roof structure for rail wagon
CN212048828U (en) Self-discharging open top type container
CN202295028U (en) Wagon box rear door and wagon box for wagon
CN114655264A (en) Railway self-dumping car capable of dumping on one side
CN201012645Y (en) Heavy type lengthened trailer scraper type self-unloading device
CN220786896U (en) Self-unloading container structure with fixed underframe and movable subframe unit
CN219544590U (en) Self-unloading carriage with frame turned on one's side in
RU188963U1 (en) REMOVABLE BODY
CN215793738U (en) Heavy-duty railway freight car bottom-opening door
CN103204093A (en) Bidirectional rollover-type dumper box with linked bottom plate and side plates
CN207225348U (en) Hopper wagon cap assembly and railway hopper car
CN210707386U (en) Through type van type middle-mounted axle train

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
TA01 Transfer of patent application right
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20231226

Address after: 620032 Simeng Town, Dongpo District, Meishan City, Sichuan Province

Applicant after: CRRC MEISHAN Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 620010 No.2, kegongyuan 3 Road, Dongpo District, Meishan City, Sichuan Province

Applicant before: MEISHAN CRRC LOGISTICS EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD.