CN112247373A - Rotary module and intelligent laser pipe cutting machine thereof - Google Patents

Rotary module and intelligent laser pipe cutting machine thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112247373A
CN112247373A CN202011107340.6A CN202011107340A CN112247373A CN 112247373 A CN112247373 A CN 112247373A CN 202011107340 A CN202011107340 A CN 202011107340A CN 112247373 A CN112247373 A CN 112247373A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating
main frame
conveying
plate
pipe
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN202011107340.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘钟元
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Chongqing Wanchongshan Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Chongqing Wanchongshan Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202011107340.6A priority Critical patent/CN112247373A/en
Publication of CN112247373A publication Critical patent/CN112247373A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/36Removing material
    • B23K26/38Removing material by boring or cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/70Auxiliary operations or equipment
    • B23K26/702Auxiliary equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K2101/00Articles made by soldering, welding or cutting
    • B23K2101/04Tubular or hollow articles
    • B23K2101/06Tubes

Abstract

The invention discloses a rotating module and an intelligent laser pipe cutting machine thereof, wherein the intelligent laser pipe cutting machine can realize automatic feeding, positioning, clamping and cutting of a pipe to be cut, and unmanned and intelligent whole process can be realized; intelligence laser pipe cutting machine includes: the main frame module is used for conveying the pipe to be cut, axially aligning the pipe and outputting the cut pipe; the conveying module is used for conveying the pipes to be cut to the cutting station one by one; the rotating module is used for rotating the pipe to be cut at the cutting station; and the cutting module is used for emitting laser to carry out laser cutting on the pipe to be cut through the laser cutting head. The invention can realize five procedures of automatic feeding, axial alignment, clamping, section cutting and discharging, and can synchronously cut off the pipe to be cut in multiple sections due to the adoption of a plurality of laser cutting heads, thereby greatly improving the production efficiency. The invention can realize full-automatic production and provides a technical basis for subsequent unmanned factory and AI manufacturing.

Description

Rotary module and intelligent laser pipe cutting machine thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to pipe cutting equipment, in particular to a rotating module and an intelligent laser pipe cutting machine thereof.
Background
In actual manufacturing, since the purchased pipes are generally long, the pipes need to be cut into pieces according to the designed length. A laser pipe cutter is generally selected in consideration of the requirement for flatness of the cut. The existing related equipment mainly adopts a small trailer to drag the long pipe and the laser to be stationary, and the small trailer drives the long pipe to move towards the laser so as to adjust the length of the cut segment. The small trailer is generally driven by a lead screw or a chain, a round hole for clamping the long pipe is formed in the small trailer, a rotating wheel is installed in the round hole and is tightly pressed with the outer wall of the long pipe, and then the rotating wheel rotates to drive the long pipe to rotate circumferentially so that the laser cuts the long pipe for one circle to complete the cutting. This approach has the following major disadvantages:
1. the feeding is troublesome, and the long pipe must pass through the round hole, so manual feeding is needed most of the time, which causes lower efficiency and serious obstacle to the design of the subsequent full-automatic processing technology.
2. The positioning accuracy is not high in the process that the small trailer drives the long pipe to move along the axial direction of the long pipe, the long pipe is generally longer than four meters, if the lead screw is adopted to drive the trolley obviously or cause great manufacturing difficulty, the lead screw has high transmission accuracy under the high-accuracy requirement, the cost is very high, and in addition, the support and the coaxiality of the lead screw are also the problems which are difficult to solve. If the chain drive is adopted, although the cost is low and the structure is simple, the positioning precision is low and the positioning time is long, and the requirement of high-precision cutting cannot be met.
3. Continuous feeding can not be realized by adopting a small trailer, namely feeding can be carried out after the cutting of each long pipe is finished, and the feeding time is relatively long because the processes of clamping and axial positioning are involved. Therefore, the mode of the small trailer cannot break through the current processing efficiency.
To this inventor design an intelligence laser pipe cutting machine, it can realize waiting to cut the automatic feeding of tubular product, location, clamp, cut off, and whole journey can realize unmanned, intelligent.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above-mentioned defects in the prior art, the present invention provides a rotating module and an intelligent laser pipe cutting machine thereof, wherein the rotating module can engage and rotate a pipe to be cut.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides a rotating module which comprises a rotating assembly, a rotating screw rod and a rotating power shaft, wherein two ends of the rotating screw rod and the rotating power shaft are respectively assembled with different rotating end plates in a circumferential rotating manner; the two rotating end plates are respectively assembled and fixed with one ends of different rotating vertical plates, and the other ends of the rotating vertical plates are assembled and fixed with a rotating top plate; one end of the rotating screw and one end of the rotating power shaft penetrate through any rotating end plate and are respectively connected and fixed with the rotating adjusting motor and an output shaft of the rotating motor;
the rotary end plate is further assembled with a rotary lifting seat, the top of the rotary lifting seat is fixedly assembled with a rotary top plate, a rotary rack plate is mounted on the rotary lifting seat, the rotary rack plate is meshed with a cutting gear to form a rack-and-pinion transmission mechanism, the cutting gear is sleeved and fixed on a cutting side-shifting shaft, and the cutting side-shifting shaft is respectively assembled with the material storage vertical plate and the first main frame side plate in a circumferential rotating manner;
the rotating assembly comprises a rotating frame and a rotating power wheel, wherein a rotating guide block and a rotating frame top plate are respectively installed on the rotating frame, the rotating guide block is sleeved on a rotating screw rod and is assembled with the rotating screw rod in a threaded rotating mode, a rotating power cylinder is installed on the rotating frame in a rotating mode, the rotating power cylinder can be axially slid and sleeved on a rotating power shaft in a non-rotating mode, a first rotating belt wheel is sleeved on the rotating power cylinder, the first rotating belt wheel is connected with a second rotating belt wheel through a rotating belt and forms a belt transmission mechanism, the second rotating belt wheel is sleeved on the rotating wheel shaft, the rotating power wheel is sleeved on the rotating wheel shaft, and the rotating power wheel is tightly pressed on a pipe to be cut on a cutting station.
The invention also discloses an intelligent laser pipe cutting machine, which is applied with the rotating module.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the invention can realize five procedures of automatic feeding, axial alignment, clamping, section cutting and discharging, and can synchronously cut off the pipe to be cut in multiple sections due to the adoption of a plurality of laser cutting heads, thereby greatly improving the production efficiency. The invention can realize full-automatic production and provides a technical basis for subsequent unmanned factory and AI manufacturing.
2. The feeding module can realize the one-by-one feeding of the pipes to be cut, and the slow descending of the pipes can be realized by utilizing the buffering air bag, so that the falling weight of the pipes is prevented from directly impacting the second feeding plate and the conveying belt, and the deformation and the distortion of the pipes to be cut and the damage caused by the collision of the pipes to be cut are avoided.
3. The air buffer mechanism provides damping for the pipe to be cut falling through the buffer air bag, so that the pipe to be cut falls relatively stably and is prevented from colliding. And the pressurize shell can carry out the pressurize to the atmospheric pressure in the buffering gasbag, and the air feed when atmospheric pressure is insufficient, directly closes the air feed to the buffering gasbag when atmospheric pressure is too big to prevent that the atmospheric pressure in the buffering gasbag from too big causing and waiting to cut the tubular product card in the blowing passageway, arouse the trouble.
4. The speed regulating mechanism can realize the alternative driving of the first discharging plate, the second discharging plate and the conveying belt, can realize the running and the positioning of the conveying belt and the one-by-one release of the pipes to be cut, and can realize the linkage of the two actions, thereby reducing the control cost and simplifying the structure of equipment. In addition, stepless speed regulation of the rotating speed of the conveying belt and the discharging gear is realized through the speed regulating mechanism, so that a good hardware space is provided for subsequent equipment debugging and process improvement.
5. The conveyer can realize one-by-one conveying, axial alignment, clamping and rotation of the pipes, thereby providing a foundation for the cutting of a subsequent cutting module. Utilize the rotation module to rotate, fix a position so that the laser cutting head cuts to waiting to cut tubular product when cutting simultaneously. And the rotation module can also combine half pipe groove chucking to wait to cut tubular product and make the rotation of selecting tubular product in the circumferencial direction to avoid the tubular product after the cutting to cause the influence to follow-up cutting, in order to guarantee cutting accuracy.
7. The cutting module can adjust the distance between the laser cutting heads at equal intervals, so that the pipe to be cut can be cut at multiple sections and equal intervals. On the one hand, the mode has high efficiency which is multiple times of that of the traditional single laser cutting head (according to the quantity of the laser cutting heads which are equipped); on the other hand, the mode that the laser cutting head can only move along the axial direction of the laser screw can effectively reduce the deflection of the laser cutting head in the circumferential direction of the pipe to be cut so as to increase the cutting precision. Simultaneously through the rotation of cutting mounting panel can adjust the laser cutting head for waiting to cut the height of tubular product, the structure is very simple, and is practical moreover.
Drawings
Fig. 1-9 are schematic structural views of the present invention. Wherein fig. 3 is a sectional view at a center plane where the axis of the elevation guide shaft is located.
Fig. 10-19 are schematic structural views of a transport module. Wherein FIG. 13 is a sectional view taken at the center plane of the axis of the speed governing large pinion B230; FIG. 15 is a cross-sectional view of the central plane of the axis of the inflation tube; FIG. 16 is an enlarged view at F1 of FIG. 15; FIG. 17 is a sectional view of the center plane of the axis of the discharge guide shaft B450; fig. 18 is an enlarged view at F2 in fig. 17.
Fig. 20-23 are schematic structural views of the air cushion mechanism. Where figure 22 is a partial cross-sectional view at the central plane of the first stem axis.
Fig. 24-27 are schematic structural views of the speed regulating mechanism and the air buffer mechanism.
Fig. 28-33 are schematic structural views of a rotating module and a cutting module. Wherein fig. 31 is a sectional view at the center plane of the axis of the rotary power shaft C681; FIG. 32 is a cross-sectional view of the center plane of the axis of the heightened power shaft D210; fig. 33 is a sectional view at the center plane where the axis of the optical fiber D330 is located.
Fig. 34 is a schematic view of the structure of the rotating assembly.
FIG. 35 is a schematic view of a pinch tube assembly.
Fig. 36-38 are schematic views of the centering mechanism, and fig. 38 is a schematic view of the centering assembly.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 38, the intelligent laser pipe cutting machine of the present embodiment includes:
the main frame module A is used for conveying the pipe 100 to be cut, axially aligning the pipe and outputting the cut pipe;
the conveying module B is used for conveying the pipes 100 to be cut to a cutting station one by one;
the rotating module C is used for rotating the pipe 100 to be cut at the cutting station;
and the cutting module D is used for emitting laser to carry out laser cutting on the pipe to be cut through the laser cutting head D340.
The main frame module A comprises a first main frame vertical plate A111, a second main frame vertical plate A112, a third main frame vertical plate A113 and a centering mechanism, the tops of the second main frame vertical plate A112 and the first main frame vertical plate A111 are respectively assembled with a second main frame side plate A122, and the top of the second main frame side plate A122 is assembled with a main frame top plate A130; the second main frame vertical plate A112 and the first main frame vertical plate A111 are also assembled with a first main frame side plate A121 through a cutting guide plate D130 respectively, and the top of the first main frame side plate A121 is assembled with a main frame top plate A130;
the centering mechanism comprises two centering assemblies A500 and at least one centering guide shaft A570, wherein one centering assembly A500 is mounted on a third main frame vertical plate A113, the other centering assembly A500 can axially slide along the centering guide shaft A570, and two ends of the centering guide shaft A570 are respectively assembled with the first main frame vertical plate A111 and the third main frame vertical plate A113; the middle assembly A500 comprises a centering push plate A510 and a centering shell A520, wherein a centering curled edge A521 is arranged on the centering shell A520, the inner side of the centering curled edge A521 and the centering shell A520 form a centering sliding chute A522, the centering push plate A510 is slidably mounted in the centering sliding chute A522, and the centering push plate A510 cannot penetrate through the centering curled edge A521; the centering push plate A510 is axially slidably sleeved on a centering short shaft A540, the centering short shaft A540 is installed on the centering shell A520, a centering spring A550 is sleeved on a part, located between the centering shell A520 and the centering push plate A510, of the centering short shaft A540, and the centering spring A550 is used for applying elastic force to the centering push plate A510 to push the centering curling A521.
Another centering spring a550 is sleeved on the part of the centering guide shaft a570 located between the centering shell a520 and the centering push plate a510, and the centering spring a550 is used for applying an elastic force to the centering push plate a510 to push the centering turn-up a 521; the centering shell A520 is sleeved on the centering guide shaft A570 in an axially sliding mode, a travel switch A560 is installed on the centering shell A520, the triggering end of the travel switch A560 is opposite to the centering push plate A510, the centering push plate A510 overcomes the elastic force of the centering spring A550 to move towards the centering shell A520 and then can trigger the travel switch A560, and after the travel switches of the two centering assemblies are triggered, it is judged that the pipe 100 to be cut is positioned in the axial direction. The centering shell A520 and the centering push plate A510 are both circumferentially and rotatably assembled with a centering rotating shaft A530, the centering push plate A510 is also axially and slidably assembled with a centering guide shaft A570, and the centering shell A520 is axially and slidably assembled with the centering guide shaft A570; the part of the centering rotating shaft A530 between the centering push plate A510 and the centering shell A520 is provided with a centering limit ring A531, and the centering limit ring A531 can not pass through the centering shell A520, so that the maximum displacement of the centering rotating shaft A530 and the centering shell A520 in the axial direction is relatively fixed.
The centering shell A520 close to the third main frame vertical plate A113 is installed on the third main frame vertical plate A113, the other centering shell A520 and one end of a push rod telescopic shaft A321 of a centering push rod motor A320 cannot move axially relative to each other, the push rod telescopic shaft A321 is installed in the centering push rod motor A320, the centering push rod motor A320 can drive the push rod telescopic shaft A321 to move axially after being started, and the centering push rod motor A320 is installed on the first main frame vertical plate A111. When the push rod telescopic shaft A321 moves axially, the centering component assembled with the push rod telescopic shaft A321 can be driven to move along the centering guide shaft A570, so that the pipe 100 to be cut is compressed, positioned and released axially.
When the pipe 100 to be cut is on the cutting station, two ends of the pipe are respectively pressed with the end face of one centering rotating shaft A530, the pipe 100 to be cut is rotated at the moment, and the centering rotating shaft A530 can synchronously rotate, so that the rotating friction force of the pipe 100 to be cut is very low, the stability of the pipe 100 to be cut during cutting is greatly improved, and the cutting precision is improved. Preferably, after the pipe 100 to be cut is output to the conveying belt B310 from the discharging channel B101, the positions of the two ends of the pipe 100 to be cut after each movement are respectively pressed against the end surface of one centering rotating shaft a530, so that the pipe 100 to be cut is in a pressed state in the axial direction during cutting, which is beneficial to preventing the conveying belt from moving and shaking during cutting, and thus, the cutting precision is influenced. After the pipe to be cut is cut by the cutting module D, the conveying belt B310 runs, so that the pipe to be cut on the next position is conveyed to a cutting station, then the centering mechanism runs, the centering push plates at the two ends of the pipe to be cut are all pressed with the end face of the pipe to be cut and trigger the travel switch, the pipe to be cut is axially positioned, the cutting is convenient, and the two ends of the pipe to be cut 100 are respectively pressed with the end faces of the centering rotating shafts A530 corresponding to the pipe to be cut.
The main frame module A conveys the pipe to be cut 100 through a conveying belt of a conveying module B, the conveying module B comprises a conveying base B110, the bottom of the conveying base B110 is provided with a conveying slide block B111, the conveying slide block B111 is provided with a conveying chute B1111, the conveying chute B111 is clamped and slidably sleeved on a conveying slide rail A210, the conveying slide rail A210 is arranged on a conveying slide rail plate A150, the conveying slide rail plate A150 is arranged on a conveying slide rail bottom plate A151, a first main frame distance adjusting shaft plate A152 and a second main frame distance adjusting shaft plate A153 are respectively arranged on the conveying slide rail bottom plate A151, the first main frame distance-adjusting shaft plate A152 and the second main frame distance-adjusting shaft plate A153 are respectively assembled with a main frame distance-adjusting screw A220 in a way of circumferential rotation and axial movement, one end of the main frame distance adjusting screw A220 is connected with an output shaft of the main frame distance adjusting motor A310 through a coupler, and the main frame distance adjusting motor A310 can drive the main frame distance adjusting screw A220 to rotate circumferentially after being started. The main frame distance adjusting screw A220 is sleeved with a main frame distance adjusting block A620 through a screw thread in a screwing manner, the main frame distance adjusting block A620 is assembled and fixed through one end of a third main frame distance adjusting pin A233, the other end of the third main frame distance adjusting pin A233 is assembled in a main frame distance adjusting slide groove A6311 and is clamped and assembled in a sliding manner, the main frame distance adjusting slide groove A6311 is arranged on a first main frame distance adjusting rod A631, the middle part of the first main frame distance adjusting rod A631 and a conveying base B110 corresponding to the first main frame distance adjusting rod A631 are hinged through a first main frame distance adjusting pin A231, one end, far away from the main frame distance adjusting slide groove A6311, of the first main frame distance adjusting rod A631 is hinged with one end of another first main frame distance adjusting rod A631 through a232, the middle part of the first main frame distance adjusting rod A631 and one end, corresponding to the conveying base B110, of the other end of the first main frame distance adjusting rod A631 are hinged through a second main frame distance adjusting pin A232 and the first main frame distance adjusting pin A631, until the first main frame distance adjusting rod A631 farthest from the main frame distance adjusting block A620, the first main frame distance adjusting rod A631 farthest from the main frame distance adjusting block A620 is hinged to one end of a second main frame distance adjusting rod A632 through a second main frame distance adjusting pin A232, the other end of the second main frame distance adjusting rod A632 is hinged to a main frame distance adjusting hinge plate A1131 through a fourth main frame distance adjusting pin A234, and the main frame distance adjusting hinge plate A1131 is installed on a third main frame vertical plate A113. The third main frame vertical plate A113 and the first main frame vertical plate A111 are further assembled with a material storage vertical plate A140 respectively, and a material discharging channel B101 is formed between the material storage vertical plate A140 and the first material storage inclined block B140 and the second material storage inclined block B150 of the conveying module B.
Can drive body frame roll adjustment piece A620 along its axial displacement when body frame roll adjustment screw A220 circumference rotates, body frame roll adjustment piece A620 drives the first body frame roll adjustment pole A631 that is provided with body frame roll adjustment spout A6311 and rotates with first body frame roll adjustment round pin A231 of its assembly, thereby drive each transport base plate B110 and remove along carrying slide rail A210 equidistance, can be according to the length of waiting to cut tubular product 100 like this, interval between the regulation transport module B such as cutting position, thereby make and wait to cut tubular product 100 and carry through evenly distributed's conveyer belt B310 in the axial, the stability when waiting to cut tubular product 100 to carry is improved, avoid conveyer belt B310 and the cutting position of waiting to cut tubular product 100 to overlap simultaneously, damage conveyer belt B310 easily when causing the cutting.
Preferably, there are two conveying slide rail plates a150, an output inclined plate a170 is installed between the first main frame side plate a120 and the conveying slide rail plate a150 close to the first main frame side plate a120, and the output inclined plate a170 is close to the lower part of the cutting station of the pipe 100 to be cut, so that the pipe to be cut falls onto the output inclined plate a170 by gravity after being cut, and is then output from the output inclined plate a 170. The output inclined plate a170 is inclined from one end to the other end, so that the cut pipe can be output by gravity.
Preferably, the conveying bottom plate B110 is provided with two conveying side plates B120 parallel to each other, the two conveying side plates B120 are respectively assembled with different guide inclined plates a160 or the conveying bottom plate B110 is directly assembled with the guide inclined plate a160, the third main frame vertical plate a113 and the first main frame vertical plate a111 are further respectively provided with one guide inclined plate a160, two adjacent guide inclined plates a160 are connected by a guide telescopic belt a610, and the guide telescopic belt a610 has telescopic elasticity. The guide sloping plate A160 and the guide telescopic belt A610 are located below a cutting station of the pipe to be cut, so that the pipe to be cut can fall on the guide sloping plate A160 and the guide telescopic belt A610 after being cut into sections and finally enters the output sloping plate A170. When conveying module B interval adjustment, lead telescopic band A610 through flexible adaptation and different interval to ensure that cutting station below is sheltered from all the time, in order to do benefit to the tubular product output after the dissection.
Referring to fig. 1 to 27, the conveying module B includes a conveying bottom plate B110, at least two conveying side plates B120 parallel to each other are mounted on the conveying bottom plate B110, the two conveying side plates B120 are respectively assembled with a first conveying pulley shaft B211 and a second conveying pulley shaft B212 in a circumferential rotation manner, a first conveying pulley B311 and a second conveying pulley B312 are respectively sleeved on the first conveying pulley shaft B211 and the second conveying pulley shaft B212, and the first conveying pulley B311 and the second conveying pulley B312 are connected by a conveying belt B310 to form a belt transmission mechanism. One end of the second conveying belt wheel shaft B212 penetrates through one conveying side plate B120 and then is assembled and fixed with a conveying gear B512, the conveying gear B512 can be in meshing transmission with a conveying latch B521, the conveying latch B521 is arranged on a conveying half gear B520, and the conveying latch B521 is in fan-shaped distribution on the conveying half gear B520; the conveying latch B521 is also in meshed transmission with the discharging power tooth B511, the conveying half-gear B520 and the discharging power tooth B511 are respectively sleeved on the conveying motor shaft B721 and the discharging power shaft B220, one end of the conveying motor shaft B721 penetrates through the third conveying vertical plate B133 and then is loaded into the conveying motor B720, the conveying motor B720 can drive the conveying motor shaft B721 to rotate circumferentially after being started, so that the conveying half-gear B520 is driven to rotate synchronously, the conveying half-gear B520 intermittently drives the conveying gear B512 and the discharging power tooth B511 to rotate, so that the intermittent operation of the conveying belt B310 and the output of the pipes to be cut 100 from the discharging channel B101 are realized, and the output pipes to be cut 100 are in one-to-one correspondence with the half-pipe grooves B321 and are clamped and assembled. The third vertical conveying plate B133 is mounted on the conveying bottom plate B110, and the conveying motor B720 is mounted on the third vertical conveying plate B133.
The emptying power shaft B220 directly or indirectly drives the emptying linkage shaft B265 to rotate circumferentially, two ends of the emptying linkage shaft B265 are respectively assembled with the side wall of an emptying box B470 in a circumferential rotation mode, the emptying box B470 is installed in an emptying installation cavity B155 of a second storage inclined block B150, a hollow emptying power cavity B471 is formed in the emptying box B470, a first emptying plate groove B153 and a second emptying plate groove B154 which penetrate through the emptying box B470 are respectively arranged on one side, facing the emptying channel B101, of the emptying box B470, the first emptying plate groove B153 and the second emptying plate groove B154 are respectively assembled with a first emptying plate B411 and a second emptying plate B412 in a sliding mode, one end, loaded into the emptying power cavity B471, of the first emptying plate B411 and the second emptying plate B412 is respectively provided with a first emptying rack B420 and a second emptying rack B430, the first emptying rack B420 and the second emptying rack B430 are respectively meshed with two sides of an emptying gear B440 to form a gear rack transmission mechanism, and the discharging gear B440 is sleeved on the discharging linkage shaft B265. Therefore, when the emptying linkage shaft B265 rotates, the emptying gear B440 can be driven to synchronously rotate, and the first emptying rack B420 and the second emptying rack B430 move in opposite directions respectively. The distance between the first discharging plate B411 and the second discharging plate B412 is 1-1.5 times of the diameter of the pipe to be cut, and the design is that the first discharging plate B411 and the second discharging plate B412 can only pass through one pipe 100 to be cut at the discharging channel at one time so as to realize the one-by-one output of the pipe 100 to be cut.
The discharging gear B440 is a one-way gear, and the rotating direction of the discharging gear B440 is the direction in which the second discharging rack drives the discharging gear B440 to rotate when moving to the discharging channel B101. When the material needs to be discharged, the discharging linkage shaft B265 turns in the locking direction of the discharging gear B440, so that the discharging gear B440 drives the discharging gear B440 to rotate, the discharging gear B440 drives the second discharging plate B412 to push out the discharging channel B101, the first discharging plate B411 enters the discharging channel from bottom to top and is below the penultimate pipe 100 to be cut, and the lowest pipe to be cut is output from the discharging channel. Then the power of the discharging linkage shaft B265 disappears, the discharging gear B440 is reset through the power of the discharging spring B460, in the process, the discharging gear is in the rotating direction, so that the discharging linkage shaft B265 cannot be driven to rotate, and finally the first discharging plate and the second discharging plate are reset to enter the preparation for discharging next time.
Preferably, the first discharging rack B420 and the second discharging rack B430 are respectively provided with a first discharging slider B421 and a second discharging slider B431, the first discharging slider B421 and the second discharging slider B431 are respectively clamped with one discharging chute B472 and slidably assembled, and the two discharging chutes B472 are respectively provided with a discharging power cavity B471. More preferably, a discharging sliding hole B432 is formed in the second discharging rack B430, the discharging sliding hole B432 is clamped with one end of a discharging sliding shaft B450 and can be axially assembled in a sliding manner, and the other end of the discharging sliding shaft B450 is assembled and fixed with the inner wall of a discharging power cavity B471 after being sleeved with a discharging spring B460. The discharging spring B460 is used for applying an elastic force to the second discharging rack B430 to push the discharging channel, so that in an initial state, the second discharging plate B412 enters the discharging channel B101 to prevent the pipe to be cut at the bottom of the discharging channel from falling, and the first discharging plate B411 does not enter the discharging channel B101. Preferably, a plurality of conveying blocks B320 are further mounted on the conveying belt B310, a half-pipe groove B321 is disposed between two conveying blocks B320, and the half-pipe groove B321 can be engaged with the pipe 100 to be cut in the circumferential direction and can be circumferentially and rotatably assembled, so that the pipe 100 to be cut is relatively fixed in the circumferential direction during conveying and cutting.
In actual installation and debugging, the intermittent movement and positioning of the conveying belt B310 can be realized easily; the intermittent and fixed-angle rotation of the discharging gear is also very easy to realize, but the embodiment requires the two to be synchronously positioned, so that the pipe to be cut output by the half pipe groove B321 and the discharging channel B101 is synchronously positioned, and the fixed rotation ratio is obviously not possible to realize or has extremely high cost. Moreover, the tension condition of the conveying belt can be different during the operation process, so that the transmission ratio is changed, and particularly, the perfect conditions of manufacturing precision and assembling precision can not be achieved. But also half pipe grooves B321 with different distances for pipes with different outer diameters to be cut. Therefore, a speed regulating mechanism capable of regulating speed is required to be arranged between the discharging linkage shaft B265 and the discharging power shaft B220, the manufacturing precision and the assembly precision can be reduced through speed regulation, and meanwhile, the transmission ratio of the conveying belt B310 and the discharging linkage shaft B265 can be flexibly regulated according to actual conditions. The speed regulating mechanism comprises a speed regulating large tooth B541 and a speed regulating small tooth B542, the speed regulating large tooth B541 and the speed regulating small tooth B542 are in meshed transmission, the speed regulating large tooth B541 and the speed regulating small tooth B542 are respectively sleeved on a speed regulating large tooth shaft B230 and a first speed regulating tooth shaft B261, the speed regulating large tooth shaft B230 is respectively assembled with a seventh conveying vertical plate B137 and an eighth conveying vertical plate B138 in a circumferential rotating mode, a first discharging worm wheel B530 is further sleeved on the speed regulating large tooth shaft B230, the first discharging worm wheel B530 is meshed with a first discharging worm part B221 to form a worm gear and worm transmission mechanism, the first discharging worm part B221 is arranged on a discharging power shaft B220, and the discharging power shaft B220 penetrates through two conveying side plates B120 and can rotate circumferentially and is assembled with the discharging worm wheel B221 in a non-axial moving mode.
The first speed regulation gear shaft B261 is respectively assembled with the seventh conveying vertical plate B137 and the eighth conveying vertical plate B138 in a circumferential rotation mode, one end of the first speed regulation gear shaft B261 is connected with one end of the second speed regulation gear shaft B262 in a transmission mode through a second universal joint B620, the second speed regulation gear shaft B262 is respectively assembled with the sixth conveying vertical plate B136, the fifth conveying vertical plate B135 and the second conveying vertical plate B132 in a circumferential rotation mode, the second speed regulation gear shaft B262 is further sleeved with a first speed regulation belt wheel B341, the first speed regulation belt wheel B341 is connected with a second speed regulation belt wheel B342 through a first speed regulation belt B340 to form a belt transmission mechanism, the second speed regulation belt wheel B342 is sleeved and fixed on a third speed regulation gear shaft B263, the third speed regulation gear shaft B263 is respectively assembled with the fifth conveying vertical plate B135, the second conveying vertical plate B132 and a ninth conveying vertical plate B139 in a circumferential rotation mode, and the third gear shaft B263 is provided with a second speed regulation worm 552, the second speed regulating worm part B552 is meshed with a second speed regulating worm wheel B551 to form a worm gear transmission mechanism, the second speed regulating worm wheel B551 is fixedly sleeved on a fourth speed regulating gear shaft B264, the fourth speed regulating gear shaft B264 is arranged in the emptying installation cavity B155 and is fixedly assembled with a second emptying switch gear B572, the second emptying switch gear B572 is meshed with one side of an emptying power rack B560 to form a gear and rack transmission mechanism, the other side of the emptying power rack B560 is meshed with a first emptying switch gear B571 to form a gear and rack transmission mechanism, and the first emptying switch gear B571 is sleeved on an emptying linkage shaft B265; blowing power rack B560 is fixed with blowing rack shaft B561 one end assembly, but blowing rack shaft B561 other end passes blowing tooth axostylus axostyle B480 and with its axial sliding assembly, the cover is equipped with blowing rack spring B950 on the portion that blowing rack shaft B561 is located between blowing power rack B560 and the blowing tooth axostylus axostyle B480, blowing rack spring B950 is used for providing the elasticity that hinders its removal to blowing tooth axostylus axostyle B480 to blowing power rack. The second discharging switch gear B572 is a one-way gear, and the locking direction thereof is a steering direction for driving the discharging power rack B560 to move towards the discharging gear shaft plate B480, and the other direction thereof can rotate circumferentially relative to the fourth discharging gear shaft B264.
When the pipe 100 to be cut in the discharging channel B101 needs to be released, the second discharging switch tooth B572 drives the discharging power rack B560 to move upwards, so as to drive the first discharging switch tooth B571 to rotate, the first discharging switch tooth B571 drives the discharging gear B440 to rotate through the discharging linkage shaft B265, and the discharging gear B440 drives the first discharging plate B411 and the second discharging plate B412 to switch states. In the process, the discharging rack spring B950 is extruded to store elastic force, after the power for driving the second discharging switch gear B572 to rotate by the fourth discharging gear shaft B264 disappears, the discharging rack spring B950 drives the discharging power rack B560 to reset through the elastic force, and at the moment, the discharging gear B440 and the fourth discharging gear shaft B264 are not driven to rotate because the discharging gear B440 and the second discharging switch gear B572 are both in the rotating direction. The design is mainly that when the conveying half gear B520 is meshed with the conveying gear B512 and is separated from the discharging power gear B511, the discharging power rack B560 and the discharging gear B440 are reset through the elastic force of the discharging rack spring B950 and the discharging spring B460 respectively, so that the next discharging operation is facilitated, and the circulation and the one-by-one discharging are realized.
The first speed regulation gear shaft B261 and the speed regulation small gear B542 are assembled in a mode of being incapable of rotating circumferentially relatively and capable of sliding axially, two end faces of the speed regulation small gear B542 are respectively attached or assembled with the seat rings of different thrust bearings, the shaft ring of each thrust bearing is axially slidably sleeved on the first speed regulation gear shaft B261 and assembled with the speed regulation frame B170, the speed regulation frame B170 is provided with a speed regulation slide block B171, the speed regulation slide block B171 is clamped with the speed regulation slide groove B161 and assembled in a sliding mode, the speed regulation slide groove B161 is arranged on the speed regulation guide plate B160, and the speed regulation guide plate B160 is respectively assembled with the seventh conveying vertical plate B137 and the eighth conveying vertical plate B138; the speed regulation frame B170 is sleeved on a speed regulation screw B242 and is assembled with the speed regulation screw B242 in a screwing mode through threads, the speed regulation screw B242 is assembled with a seventh conveying vertical plate B137 and an eighth conveying vertical plate B138 in a circumferential rotating mode and in an axial non-movable mode respectively, one end of the speed regulation screw B242 is in transmission connection with one end of a speed regulation power shaft B241 through a first universal joint B610, the speed regulation power shaft B241 is assembled with two fourth conveying vertical plates B134 in a circumferential rotating mode respectively, the speed regulation power shaft B241 is further sleeved with a speed regulation power belt wheel B351, the speed regulation power belt wheel B351 is connected with the speed regulation power belt wheel B351 installed on a speed regulation motor shaft B711 through a speed regulation power belt B350 to form a belt transmission mechanism, one end of the speed regulation motor shaft B711 is installed in a speed regulation motor B710, and the speed regulation motor B.
Preferably, the second conveying vertical plate B132, the fifth conveying vertical plate B135, the sixth conveying vertical plate B136, the seventh conveying vertical plate B137, and the eighth conveying vertical plate B138 are respectively installed on the conveying bottom plate B110, the fourth conveying vertical plate B134 and the ninth conveying vertical plate B139 are both installed on the first conveying vertical plate B131, and the first conveying vertical plate is installed on the second conveying vertical plate B132, the fifth conveying vertical plate B135, the sixth conveying vertical plate B136, the seventh conveying vertical plate B137, and the eighth conveying vertical plate B138. And a storage shaft plate B152 is further mounted on the second storage inclined block B150, and the storage shaft plate B152 and a fourth speed regulation gear shaft B264 can be assembled in a circumferential rotating mode.
When speed regulation is needed, only the position of the speed regulation small tooth B542 on the axial direction relative to the speed regulation large tooth B541 needs to be regulated, and the rotating speed of the speed regulation large tooth B541 is unchanged, so that the linear speeds at different outer diameters of the speed regulation large tooth B541 are different, and the transmission ratio of the speed regulation small tooth B542 at the different outer diameters of the speed regulation large tooth B541 can be changed, so that the speed regulation is realized. The contact surfaces of the small speed regulating teeth B542 and the large speed regulating teeth B541 can be provided with rough surfaces or particles which can be engaged and frictionally driven, and the design is mainly for realizing stepless speed regulation. And the position of the speed regulation small tooth B542 relative to the axial direction of the speed regulation large tooth B541 only needs to drive the speed regulation screw B242 to rotate circumferentially by the speed regulation motor, so that the speed regulation frame B170 is driven to move axially along the speed regulation screw B242. The design can also realize speed regulation on the premise of not cutting off power, thereby greatly facilitating equipment debugging.
Preferably, since the pipe 100 to be cut is generally long, the present embodiment is mainly used for cutting pipes with a length of more than 3 meters. In the process of outputting the pipe from the discharging channel, the falling speed is high and the falling impact force is high due to the fact that the pipe is long and heavy. On one hand, the first discharging plate and the second discharging plate can not be reset in time, so that the penultimate pipe to be cut passes through the second discharging plate, the non-required output is caused, and the operation of equipment is influenced; on the other hand because the impact force is big, consequently can produce great impact to first blowing board, second blowing board, conveyer belt after falling, make first blowing board, second blowing board, conveyer belt warp even damage very easily. And the pipe to be cut is easy to be skewed after being subjected to reverse impact force, so that the pipe cannot be accurately positioned in the axial direction and the radial direction, the cutting precision is seriously influenced, and the defective rate is greatly increased. The inventor also designs an air buffer mechanism, the air buffer mechanism is installed on the first storage sloping block B140 and comprises a buffer air bag B330 and a pressure maintaining shell, the first storage sloping block B140 and the second storage sloping block B150 are respectively provided with a first storage inclined plane B141 and a second storage inclined plane B151 which are inclined downwards and are gradually close to the storage vertical plate A140, and the design of the first storage inclined plane B141 and the second storage inclined plane B151 is beneficial to the pipe to be cut to roll to a discharging channel, so that automatic feeding is realized.
The first storage inclined block B140 is also provided with a buffering air bag groove B142 and a buffering installation groove B143, the buffering air bag groove B142 and the buffering installation groove B143 are communicated with each other, and the buffering air bag groove B142 penetrates through the first storage inclined block B140 and then is communicated with the material discharge channel B101; the rear part of one end of the buffering air bag B330 penetrates through the buffering air bag groove B142 and enters the material discharging channel, a buffering arc surface B332 is arranged at one end of the buffering air bag B330 entering the material discharging channel B101, the middle of the buffering arc surface B332 is high, the two ends of the buffering arc surface B332 are low, and therefore damping can be provided for a falling pipe to be cut, the falling speed of the pipe to be cut is reduced, impact force is reduced, and falling duration is prolonged. The other end of the buffer air bag B330 is arranged in the buffer mounting groove B143 and is in sealing assembly with an air bag seat B810, and the air bag seat B810 is mounted in the buffer mounting groove B143; the interior of the buffer air bag B330 is a hollow air bag inner cavity B331, the buffer air bag B330 is made of soft elastic materials, the air bag inner cavity B331 is communicated with one end of a ball valve cavity B841 through an air supplementing pipe B911, the ball valve cavity B841 is arranged in a ball valve shell B840, the ball valve cavity B841 and a valve ball B850 are sealed and can be assembled in a spherical rolling manner, and a valve hole B851 penetrating through the valve ball B850 is arranged on the valve ball B850; one end of the ball valve cavity B841, which is far away from the air supplement pipe B911, is communicated with the valve cavity B821 through an air passing pipe B912, and the valve ball B850 realizes the on-off of the valve hole B851, the air passing pipe B912 and the air supplement pipe B911 through rotating the valve hole B851. The two ends of the valve ball B850 are respectively assembled with one ends of a first valve rod B271 and a second valve rod B272, the other end of the first valve rod B271 penetrates through a ball valve shell B840 to be assembled with one end of a clockwork spring B730, the other end of the clockwork spring B730 is assembled with the ball valve shell B840, and when the valve hole B851 is respectively communicated with a gas passing pipe B912 and a gas supplementing pipe B911, the clockwork spring B730 is in a scattering state. When the valve ball rotates, the clockwork spring B730 is wound to store elastic force so as to facilitate the subsequent opening of the valve ball.
The other end of the second valve rod B272 sequentially penetrates through at least one second valve rod shaft plate B892 and then is assembled with a first valve rod shaft plate B891 in a circumferential rotation mode, the second valve rod shaft plate B892 and the first valve rod shaft plate B891 are both installed on a valve rod shaft plate frame B890, and the valve rod shaft plate frame B890 is installed in the buffer installation cavity B143; the second valve rod B272 is sleeved with a switch cylinder B880, the switch cylinder B880 is provided with switch arc grooves B881 distributed along the axial direction and the circumferential direction of the switch cylinder B881, and the included angle of two ends of the switch arc grooves B881 in the circumferential direction of the switch cylinder B880 is at least larger than the rotation angle of the second valve rod when the valve hole B851 rotates to be completely sealed with the inner wall of the ball valve cavity B841, and the design is mainly used for ensuring that the valve hole can fully cut off the air passing pipe B912 and the air supplementing pipe B911.
The switch arc groove B881 and the switch ball B940 are clamped and slidably assembled, the switch ball B940 is installed on the inner side of the switch sliding sleeve B870, the switch sliding sleeve B870 can be axially slidably sleeved on the switch cylinder B880, the switch sliding sleeve B870 can drive the switch ball B940 to synchronously move when axially moving, and the switch ball B940 is matched with the switch arc groove B881 so as to drive the switch cylinder B880 and the second valve rod B272 to rotate, namely drive the valve ball B850 to rotate. The switch sliding sleeve B870 is fixedly assembled with one end of the valve shaft B280 penetrating out of the valve cylinder B290 through a sliding sleeve connecting rod B860, and the valve cylinder B290 is sleeved outside the valve shaft B280 and can be axially assembled with the valve shaft B280 in a sliding manner; one end of the valve cylinder B290 is arranged in the valve cavity B821, two ends of the valve cylinder B290 are respectively provided with a valve cylinder ring B291, and the valve cylinder ring B291 positioned in the valve cavity B821 is pressed or assembled with one end of the pressure maintaining spring B930; the other end of the valve shaft B280 is inserted into and penetrates out of one end of the valve cylinder B290 in the valve cavity B821, and then is assembled with the valve block B830, and the pressure maintaining spring B930 is sleeved on the part of the valve shaft B280 between the valve block B830 and the valve cylinder ring B291 and applies elastic force to the valve block B830 to prevent the valve block B830 from moving towards the valve cylinder ring B291. The valve cylinder B290 and the pressure maintaining shell C820 are assembled by screwing through threads, and the pre-compression amount of the pressure maintaining spring can be adjusted by adjusting the depth of the valve cavity into which the valve cylinder B290 is assembled, so that the maximum air pressure value in the buffer air bag can be adjusted conveniently.
The valve block B830 is clamped, slidably and hermetically assembled with the valve cavity B821, the valve cavity B821 is arranged in the pressure-retaining shell B820, a barrier strip B822 is further installed on the inner wall of the valve cavity B821, and the barrier strip B822 is used for limiting the maximum displacement of the valve block B830 moving towards the gas passing pipe B912; the valve block B830 divides the valve cavity into two parts, one part is a gas passing valve cavity communicated with the gas passing pipe, the gas passing valve cavity is also communicated with one end of the pressure maintaining gas pipe B920, the other end of the pressure maintaining gas pipe B920 is communicated with the inside of a gas tank (not shown), and the inside of the gas tank is filled with pressurized gas. Once the air pressure in the air tank is higher, the air pressure in the valve cavity B821 is increased, the air pressure drives the valve block B830 to move towards the valve cylinder B290 against the elastic force of the pressure maintaining spring B930, so as to drive the valve shaft B280, the sliding sleeve connecting rod B860 and the switch sliding sleeve B870 to synchronously move, and the switch sliding sleeve B870 drives the second valve rod B272 and the valve ball B850 to rotate through the switch ball B940, so as to adjust the communication sections of the air passing pipe B912 and the air supplementing pipe B911, and even to cut off the communication. Thereby avoiding the defects that the air pressure in the buffering air bag is excessively increased to clamp the pipe, the pipe to be cut cannot fall according to the design and the like. And the valve ball can reset after the air pressure in the air tank is reduced.
The rotating module C comprises a rotating assembly C600, a rotating screw C682 and a rotating power shaft C681, and two ends of the rotating screw C682 and the rotating power shaft C681 are respectively assembled with different rotating end plates C691 in a circumferential rotation mode; the two rotating end plates C691 are respectively assembled and fixed with one ends of different rotating vertical plates C692, and the other ends of the rotating vertical plates C692 are assembled and fixed with the rotating top plate C110; one end of the rotary screw C682 and one end of the rotary power shaft C681 penetrate through any rotary end plate C691 and are respectively connected and fixed with output shafts of the rotary adjusting motor C320 and the rotary motor C310 through couplings, and the rotary adjusting motor C320 and the rotary motor C310 can respectively drive the rotary screw C682 and the rotary power shaft C681 to rotate circumferentially after being started;
the rotating end plate C691 is further assembled with a rotating lifting seat C120, the top of the rotating lifting seat C120 is fixedly assembled with a rotating top plate C110, a rotating rack plate C410 is mounted on the rotating lifting seat C120, the rotating rack plate C410 is meshed with a cutting gear C420 to form a gear and rack transmission mechanism, the cutting gear C420 is fixedly sleeved on a cutting side-moving shaft C220, and the cutting side-moving shaft C220 is respectively assembled with the material storage vertical plate A140 and the first main frame side plate A121 in a circumferential rotating mode. In this embodiment, there are two cutting side shift shafts C220, and both ends of one cutting side shift shaft C220 are respectively assembled with the first main frame side plate a121 and the second main frame vertical plate a 112. The rotating top plate C110 is assembled with one end of a lifting guide shaft C210 and one end of a lifting telescopic shaft C311, the other end of the lifting guide shaft C210 penetrates out of the main frame top plate A130 and then is assembled with a limiting nut C211, and the limiting nut C211 cannot penetrate through the main frame top plate A130. The other end of the lifting telescopic shaft C311 penetrates through the main frame top plate A130 and then is installed in the lifting cylinder C310, the lifting cylinder C310 can drive the lifting telescopic shaft C311 to axially and telescopically move after being started, so that the whole rotating module C is driven to synchronously move up and down, and the whole rotating module C can drive the cutting gear C420 to circumferentially rotate when moving up and down.
The rotating assembly C600 comprises a rotating frame C610 and a rotating power wheel C640, wherein a rotating guide block C612 and a rotating frame top plate C611 are installed in the rotating frame C610 respectively, the rotating guide block C612 is sleeved on a rotating screw rod C682 and assembled with the rotating screw rod C682 in a screwing mode through threads, a rotating power cylinder C620 is installed on the rotating frame C610 in a circumferential rotation mode, the rotating power cylinder C620 can axially slide and is sleeved on a rotating power shaft C681 in a non-circumferential rotation mode, a first rotating belt wheel C631 is sleeved on the rotating power cylinder C620, the first rotating belt wheel C631 is connected with a second rotating belt wheel C632 through a rotating belt C630 and forms a belt transmission mechanism, the second rotating belt wheel C632 is sleeved on a rotating wheel shaft C650, and the rotating wheel C640 is sleeved on the rotating wheel shaft C650. When the pipe cutting machine is used, the rotary power shaft C681 drives the rotary power cylinder C620 to rotate circumferentially, the rotary power cylinder C620 drives the rotary wheel shaft C650 to rotate circumferentially, the rotary wheel shaft C650 drives the rotary power wheel C640 to rotate circumferentially, and the rotary power wheel C640 is tightly pressed on a pipe 100 to be cut on a cutting station, so that the pipe 100 to be cut is driven to rotate circumferentially to complete cutting.
Preferably, a pipe clamping assembly C700 is mounted on the rotating frame C610, a pipe clamping groove C701 is formed in the pipe clamping assembly C700, and the pipe clamping groove C701 can be engaged with the pipe to be cut 100 in the circumferential direction and can be assembled in a sliding manner. During the use, press from both sides pipe groove C701 and half pipe groove B321 cooperation and can fix a position waiting to cut tubular product circumferencial direction to take place to swing when avoiding waiting to cut tubular product circular rotation and seriously influence cutting accuracy. The tube clamping assembly C700 may be a plate provided with a tube clamping groove C701.
Referring to fig. 35, preferably, the tube clamping assembly C700 includes a tube clamping side plate C710 and a tube clamping vertical plate C720, and the tube clamping side plate C710 and the tube clamping vertical plate C720 are respectively mounted on the rotating frame C610; two pipe clamping linkage shafts C740 are mounted on the pipe clamping side plate C710, the two pipe clamping linkage shafts C740 can be assembled with different pipe clamping half-gears C730 in a circumferential rotating mode respectively, the two pipe clamping half-gears C730 are in meshed transmission, the pipe clamping half-gear C730 is mounted at one end of a pipe clamping support rod C750, two pipe clamping shaft plates C751 are further mounted on the pipe clamping support rod C750, the two pipe clamping shaft plates C751 are assembled with different pipe clamping belt wheel shafts C771 respectively, a pipe clamping belt wheel C761 is sleeved outside each pipe clamping belt wheel shaft C771 in a circumferential rotating mode respectively, the two pipe clamping belt wheels C761 are connected through a pipe clamping belt C760 to form a belt transmission mechanism, the pipe clamping belts C760 are two, an included angle is formed between the two pipe clamping belts C760, and the space of the included angle is a pipe clamping groove C701. When the pipe clamping belt C760 is used, the pipe clamping belt C760 is clamped with the side wall of the pipe 100 to be cut, so that the pipe 100 to be cut is positioned. And the pipe material 100 to be cut is driven to run through the pipe clamping belt C760 when rotating circumferentially, so that the damping when the pipe material 100 to be cut rotates is realized. One of the pipe clamping support rods C750 is further provided with a pipe clamping adjusting groove C752, the pipe clamping adjusting groove C752 is slidably assembled with one end of a pipe clamping adjusting pin C772, the other end of the pipe clamping adjusting pin C772 is assembled with a pipe clamping adjusting block C790, the pipe clamping adjusting block C790 and one end of a pipe clamping adjusting bolt C780 can rotate circumferentially and cannot move axially, and the other end of the pipe clamping adjusting bolt C780 penetrates through a pipe clamping vertical plate C720 and is assembled with the pipe clamping vertical plate through threaded screwing. During the use, can be through rotating clamp pipe adjusting bolt C780 to adjust the contained angle of clamp pipe groove C701 and in order being applicable to the not waiting of same external diameter and cut tubular product.
Preferably, there are a plurality of rotary assemblies, and only the rotary guide block C612 closest to the rotary adjustment motor C320 is threadedly engaged with the rotary screw C682, and the other rotary guide blocks C612 are axially slidable, circumferentially rotatable, and threadedly engaged with the rotary screw C682. The design is mainly used for facilitating the equidistant adjustment of the spacing of each rotating assembly.
The top plate of the rotating frame top plate C611 is provided with a first rotating pin C661, the first rotating pin C661 is hinged with the middle part of a first rotating distance adjusting rod C671, two ends of the first rotating distance adjusting rod C671 are respectively hinged with one end of other first rotating distance adjusting rods C671 through a second rotating pin C662, the first rotating distance adjusting rod C671 closest to two rotating end plates C691 is hinged with one end of a second rotating distance adjusting rod C672 through other second rotating pins C662, and the other end of the second rotating distance adjusting rod C672 is hinged with the rotating end plate C691 close to the second rotating distance adjusting rod C663 through a third rotating pin C663. When the rotating assembly is used, the rotating guide block C612 screwed with the rotating screw C682 through the threads can be driven to axially move along the rotating screw C682 through the circumferential rotation of the rotating screw C682, and the rotating guide block C612 drives the first rotating distance adjusting rod C671 and the second rotating distance adjusting rod C672 to rotate, so that each rotating assembly C600 is pulled to be equidistantly dispersed or gathered along the rotating screw C682. The design is greatly beneficial to the rotation and the positioning of the pipe to be cut, and the mode of equidistant adjustment through a plurality of rotating assemblies can be higher in efficiency and higher in precision, so that the rotating assemblies can be prevented from shielding the cutting position and colliding with the cutting module.
The cutting module D comprises a cutting frame D110, a cutting frame standing plate D111 is arranged on the cutting frame D110, a cutting frame sliding block D112 is mounted on the cutting frame standing plate D111, the cutting frame sliding block D112 is clamped with a cutting guide groove D131 and can be assembled in a sliding mode, the cutting guide groove D131 is arranged on a cutting guide plate D130, and two ends of the cutting guide plate D130 are respectively assembled and fixed with a material storage vertical plate A140 and a first main frame side plate A121;
the cutting frame D110 is provided with a cutting side moving block D120, the cutting side moving block D120 is sleeved on a cutting side moving shaft C220 and is assembled with the cutting side moving shaft C220 in a screwing mode through threads, two ends of the cutting side moving shaft C220 are assembled with the material storage vertical plate A140 and the first main frame side plate A121 in a circumferential rotating mode and in an axial non-moving mode respectively, and the cutting side moving shaft C220 can drive the cutting frame D110 to move along the axial direction of the cutting frame D when rotating circumferentially, so that the cutting module is laterally moved (in the radial direction relative to a pipe to be cut). Still install first cutting diaphragm D131 on cutting frame D110, but first cutting diaphragm D131 both ends are respectively through different cutting riser D133 and the assembly of second cutting diaphragm D132, but two cutting risers D133 respectively with cutting screw D210, cutting rotation axis D220 circumferential rotation assembly, cutting screw D210 one end, cutting rotation axis D220 one end wear out behind any cutting riser D133 respectively with cutting roll adjustment motor D310's output shaft, cutting rotating electrical machines D320 the output shaft pass through the coupling joint fixed, can drive cutting screw D210, cutting rotation axis D220 circumferential rotation respectively after cutting roll adjustment motor D310, cutting rotating electrical machines D320 start.
The cutting screw D210 penetrates through the cutting distance adjusting block D142 and is assembled with the cutting distance adjusting block D142 in a screwing mode through threads, the cutting distance adjusting block D142 is installed on the cutting side shifting box D140, a hollow cutting rotating cavity D141 is formed inside the cutting side shifting box D140, a cutting worm wheel D410 is installed inside the cutting rotating cavity D141, the cutting worm wheel D410 is meshed with a cutting worm part D261 to form a worm and gear transmission mechanism, the cutting worm part D261 is arranged on the cutting side shifting cylinder D260, the cutting side shifting cylinder D260 and the cutting side shifting box D140 can be assembled in a circumferential rotating mode and cannot be assembled in an axial moving mode, and the cutting side shifting cylinder D260 is sleeved on the cutting rotating shaft D220 and cannot be assembled in a circumferential rotating mode and can be assembled in an axial sliding mode; the cutting worm wheel D410 is sleeved and fixed on the cutting rotating shaft D230, one end of the cutting rotating shaft D230 penetrates out of the cutting side shift box D140 and then is assembled and fixed with the cutting installation plate D150, the laser cutting head D340 is installed on the cutting installation plate D150, and the laser cutting head D340 is used for emitting laser, so that the pipe 100 to be cut is cut through laser cutting. The laser input end of the laser cutting head D340 is connected to the laser output port of the laser cutting machine D360 through the optical fiber D330, so that laser is introduced into the laser cutting head D340. The laser cutting head D340 is not coaxial with the cutting rotation axis D230, so that the height of the laser cutting head D340 is changed while the cutting rotation axis D230 is rotated in a circle. When the cutting rotating shaft D220 rotates circumferentially, the cutting side shift cylinder D260 can be driven to rotate circumferentially, so that the cutting worm wheel D410 is driven to rotate, and the cutting mounting plate D150 is driven to rotate synchronously.
The cutting side box D140 is provided with a plurality of cutting distance adjusting blocks D142 only closest to the cutting vertical plates D133 on the two cutting side boxes D140 and the cutting screw D210 are assembled in a screwing mode through threads, and the other cutting distance adjusting blocks D142 can axially slide relative to the cutting screw D210;
the cutting distance adjusting block D142 is provided with a first cutting pin D241, the middle part of the first cutting pin D241 is hinged with the middle part of a first cutting connecting rod D511, two ends of the first cutting connecting rod D511 are hinged with one end of other first cutting connecting rods D511 through a second cutting pin D242 respectively, the cutting distance adjusting block D142 which is positioned closest to two cutting vertical plates D133 is hinged with one end of a second cutting connecting rod D512 through different third cutting pins D243 respectively, and the other end of the second cutting connecting rod D512 is hinged with the first cutting connecting rod D511 which is close to the second cutting connecting rod D512 through other second cutting pins D242. The position of the laser cutting head D340 in the axial direction with respect to the pipe to be cut needs to be adjusted to adjust the cut length. And can adjust the height of laser cutting head D340 through rotatory cutting mounting panel D150 to be applicable to the tubular product of different external diameters, this kind of height control mode is very simple moreover, can be applicable to the cutting mounting panel D150 of different quantity.

Claims (10)

1. A rotary module is characterized by comprising a rotary assembly, a rotary screw rod and a rotary power shaft, wherein two ends of the rotary screw rod and two ends of the rotary power shaft are respectively assembled with different rotary end plates in a circumferential rotating manner; the two rotating end plates are respectively assembled and fixed with one ends of different rotating vertical plates, and the other ends of the rotating vertical plates are assembled and fixed with a rotating top plate; one end of the rotating screw and one end of the rotating power shaft penetrate through any rotating end plate and are respectively connected and fixed with the rotating adjusting motor and an output shaft of the rotating motor;
the rotary end plate is further assembled with a rotary lifting seat, the top of the rotary lifting seat is fixedly assembled with a rotary top plate, a rotary rack plate is mounted on the rotary lifting seat, the rotary rack plate is meshed with a cutting gear to form a rack-and-pinion transmission mechanism, the cutting gear is sleeved and fixed on a cutting side-shifting shaft, and the cutting side-shifting shaft is respectively assembled with the material storage vertical plate and the first main frame side plate in a circumferential rotating manner;
the rotating assembly comprises a rotating frame and a rotating power wheel, wherein a rotating guide block and a rotating frame top plate are respectively installed on the rotating frame, the rotating guide block is sleeved on a rotating screw rod and is assembled with the rotating screw rod in a threaded rotating mode, a rotating power cylinder is installed on the rotating frame in a rotating mode, the rotating power cylinder can be axially slid and sleeved on a rotating power shaft in a non-rotating mode, a first rotating belt wheel is sleeved on the rotating power cylinder, the first rotating belt wheel is connected with a second rotating belt wheel through a rotating belt and forms a belt transmission mechanism, the second rotating belt wheel is sleeved on the rotating wheel shaft, the rotating power wheel is sleeved on the rotating wheel shaft, and the rotating power wheel is tightly pressed on a pipe to be cut on a cutting station.
2. The rotating module according to claim 1, wherein the rotating top plate is assembled with one end of a lifting guide shaft and one end of a lifting telescopic shaft, the other end of the lifting guide shaft penetrates through the top plate of the main frame and then is assembled with a limiting nut, and the limiting nut cannot penetrate through the top plate of the main frame; the other end of the lifting telescopic shaft penetrates through a top plate of the main frame and then is installed in the lifting cylinder.
3. The rotary module according to claim 1, wherein the rotary frame is provided with a pipe clamping assembly, the pipe clamping assembly is provided with a pipe clamping groove, the pipe clamping groove can be clamped and slidably assembled with the circumferential direction of the pipe to be cut, and the pipe clamping assembly is a plate provided with a pipe clamping groove.
4. The rotating module according to claim 1, wherein the rotating frame is provided with a pipe clamping assembly, the pipe clamping assembly comprises a pipe clamping side plate and a pipe clamping vertical plate, and the pipe clamping side plate and the pipe clamping vertical plate are respectively arranged on the rotating frame; the pipe clamping device is characterized in that two pipe clamping linkage shafts are mounted on the pipe clamping side plates and are assembled with different pipe clamping half gears in a circumferential rotation mode respectively, the two pipe clamping half gears are in meshed transmission, the pipe clamping half gears are mounted at one end of a pipe clamping support rod, two pipe clamping shaft plates are further mounted on the pipe clamping support rod and are assembled with different pipe clamping belt wheel shafts respectively, a pipe clamping belt wheel is sleeved outside each pipe clamping belt wheel shaft in a circumferential rotation mode respectively, the two pipe clamping belt wheels are connected through a pipe clamping belt and form a belt transmission mechanism, the number of the pipe clamping belts is two, and a included angle formed between the two pipe clamping belts is a pipe clamping groove.
5. The rotating module according to claim 4, wherein one of the tube clamping support rods is further provided with a tube clamping adjusting groove, the tube clamping adjusting groove is slidably assembled with one end of a tube clamping adjusting pin, the other end of the tube clamping adjusting pin is assembled with a tube clamping adjusting block, the tube clamping adjusting block is circumferentially rotatable and axially immovable with one end of a tube clamping adjusting bolt, and the other end of the tube clamping adjusting bolt penetrates through the tube clamping vertical plate and is screwed with the tube clamping vertical plate.
6. The rotary module according to claim 1, wherein the rotary module has a plurality of rotary assemblies, and only the rotary guide block closest to the rotary adjustment motor is threadedly engaged with the rotary screw, and the other rotary guide blocks are axially slidable, circumferentially rotatable, and threadedly engaged-free to the rotary screw.
7. The rotating module according to claim 6, wherein a first rotating pin is mounted on the top plate of the rotating frame, the first rotating pin is hinged with the middle part of the first rotating distance adjusting rod, two ends of the first rotating distance adjusting rod are respectively hinged with one end of other first rotating distance adjusting rods through second rotating pins, the first rotating distance adjusting rod closest to the two rotating end plates is hinged with one end of the second rotating distance adjusting rod through other second rotating pins, and the other end of the second rotating distance adjusting rod is hinged with the rotating end plate close to the second rotating distance adjusting rod through a third rotating pin.
8. An intelligent laser pipe cutting machine, characterized in that a rotating module according to any one of claims 1-7 is applied.
9. The intelligent laser pipe cutting machine according to claim 8, wherein the main frame module comprises a first main frame vertical plate, a second main frame vertical plate, a third main frame vertical plate and a centering mechanism, wherein tops of the second main frame vertical plate and the first main frame vertical plate are respectively assembled with a second main frame side plate, and tops of the second main frame side plates are assembled with a main frame top plate; the second main frame vertical plate and the first main frame vertical plate are also assembled with a first main frame side plate through cutting guide plates respectively, and the top of the first main frame side plate is assembled with a main frame top plate; the centering mechanism is used for axially positioning the pipe to be cut;
the main frame module conveys a pipe to be cut through a conveying belt of the conveying module, the conveying module comprises a conveying base, a conveying sliding block is mounted at the bottom of the conveying base, a conveying sliding groove is formed in the conveying sliding block, the conveying sliding groove is clamped and slidably sleeved on a conveying sliding rail, the conveying sliding rail is mounted on a conveying sliding rail plate, the conveying sliding rail plate is mounted on a conveying sliding rail bottom plate, a first main frame distance adjusting shaft plate and a second main frame distance adjusting shaft plate are further mounted on the conveying sliding rail bottom plate respectively, the first main frame distance adjusting shaft plate and the second main frame distance adjusting shaft plate are assembled with a main frame distance adjusting screw rod in a circumferential rotating mode and in a non-axial moving mode respectively, and one end of the main frame distance adjusting screw rod is connected with an output shaft of a main frame distance adjusting motor;
the main frame distance adjusting screw rod is sleeved with a main frame distance adjusting block through a screw thread in a screwing mode, the main frame distance adjusting block is assembled and fixed through one end of a third main frame distance adjusting pin, the other end of the third main frame distance adjusting pin is arranged in a main frame distance adjusting sliding groove and is clamped and assembled in a sliding mode with the main frame distance adjusting sliding groove, the main frame distance adjusting sliding groove is arranged on a first main frame distance adjusting rod, the middle part of the first main frame distance adjusting rod and a conveying base corresponding to the first main frame distance adjusting rod are hinged through a first main frame distance adjusting pin, one end, away from the main frame distance adjusting sliding groove, of the first main frame distance adjusting rod is hinged with one end of another first main frame distance adjusting rod through a second main frame distance adjusting pin, the middle part of the first main frame distance adjusting rod and the conveying base corresponding to the first main frame distance adjusting rod are hinged through the first main frame distance adjusting pin, the other end of the first main frame distance adjusting rod is hinged with one end of the next first main frame distance adjusting rod through another second main frame distance adjusting pin until the main frame distance adjusting rod is farthest, the first main frame distance adjusting rod farthest from the main frame distance adjusting block is hinged to one end of the second main frame distance adjusting rod through a second main frame distance adjusting pin, the other end of the second main frame distance adjusting rod is hinged to the main frame distance adjusting hinged plate through a fourth main frame distance adjusting pin, and the main frame distance adjusting hinged plate is installed on the third main frame vertical plate.
10. The intelligent laser pipe cutting machine according to claim 9, wherein the conveying module comprises a conveying bottom plate, at least two parallel conveying side plates are mounted on the conveying bottom plate, the two conveying side plates are respectively assembled with a first conveying pulley shaft and a second conveying pulley shaft in a circumferential rotation mode, a first conveying pulley and a second conveying pulley are respectively sleeved on the first conveying pulley shaft and the second conveying pulley shaft, and the first conveying pulley and the second conveying pulley are connected through a conveying belt to form a belt transmission mechanism;
one end of the second conveying belt wheel shaft penetrates through one conveying side plate and then is assembled and fixed with the conveying gear, the conveying gear can be in meshing transmission with the conveying clamping teeth, the conveying clamping teeth are arranged on the conveying half gear, and the conveying clamping teeth are distributed on the conveying half gear in a sector shape; the conveying latch can also be in meshing transmission with the discharging power teeth, the conveying half gear and the discharging power teeth are respectively sleeved on a conveying motor shaft and the discharging power shaft, and one end of the conveying motor shaft passes through a third conveying vertical plate and then is installed in a conveying motor; a plurality of conveying clamping blocks are further mounted on the conveying belt, a semi-pipe groove is formed between the two conveying clamping blocks, and the semi-pipe groove can be clamped with a pipe to be cut in the circumferential direction and can be circumferentially and rotatably assembled;
the conveying half gear can intermittently drive the conveying gear and the discharging power gear to rotate, so that intermittent operation of the conveying belt and one-by-one output of the pipes to be cut from the discharging channel are realized, and the output pipes to be cut correspond to the half pipe grooves one by one and are clamped and assembled;
the discharging power shaft directly or indirectly drives the discharging linkage shaft to rotate circumferentially, two ends of the discharging linkage shaft can be respectively assembled with the side wall of the discharging box in a circumferential rotating manner, the material discharging box is arranged in the material discharging mounting cavity of the second material storing inclined block, a hollow material discharging power cavity is arranged in the material discharging box, a first discharging plate groove and a second discharging plate groove which penetrate through the discharging box are respectively arranged on one side of the discharging box facing the discharging channel, the first discharging plate groove and the second discharging plate groove are respectively assembled with the first discharging plate and the second discharging plate in a sliding way, a first discharging rack and a second discharging rack are respectively arranged at one end of the first discharging plate and one end of the second discharging plate, which are arranged in the discharging power cavity, the first discharging rack and the second discharging rack are respectively meshed with two sides of a discharging gear to form a gear rack transmission mechanism, and the discharging gear is sleeved on a discharging linkage shaft; the discharging gear is a one-way gear, and the rotating direction of the discharging gear is the direction of driving the discharging gear to rotate when the second discharging rack moves to the discharging channel.
CN202011107340.6A 2020-10-16 2020-10-16 Rotary module and intelligent laser pipe cutting machine thereof Withdrawn CN112247373A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1299754A (en) * 1970-02-06 1972-12-13 Serge Paulange A rotary tool-holding device
CN105345274A (en) * 2015-11-22 2016-02-24 苏州光韵达光电科技有限公司 Light guide plate machining device
CN206455305U (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-09-01 广州百盛电子科技有限公司 A kind of laser pipe cutter
CN110919149A (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-03-27 浙江辛巴达机器人科技有限公司 Full-automatic unmanned plasma pipeline cutting equipment
CN111360422A (en) * 2020-04-02 2020-07-03 东莞市力星激光科技有限公司 High-speed pipe cutting equipment with automatic feeding function
CN111545652A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-08-18 重庆工程职业技术学院 Curling machine and fire control dryer flange integration processingequipment

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1299754A (en) * 1970-02-06 1972-12-13 Serge Paulange A rotary tool-holding device
CN105345274A (en) * 2015-11-22 2016-02-24 苏州光韵达光电科技有限公司 Light guide plate machining device
CN206455305U (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-09-01 广州百盛电子科技有限公司 A kind of laser pipe cutter
CN110919149A (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-03-27 浙江辛巴达机器人科技有限公司 Full-automatic unmanned plasma pipeline cutting equipment
CN111360422A (en) * 2020-04-02 2020-07-03 东莞市力星激光科技有限公司 High-speed pipe cutting equipment with automatic feeding function
CN111545652A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-08-18 重庆工程职业技术学院 Curling machine and fire control dryer flange integration processingequipment

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Application publication date: 20210122