CN112045334A - Device and method for feeding back material of band saw blade - Google Patents

Device and method for feeding back material of band saw blade Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112045334A
CN112045334A CN202010909978.5A CN202010909978A CN112045334A CN 112045334 A CN112045334 A CN 112045334A CN 202010909978 A CN202010909978 A CN 202010909978A CN 112045334 A CN112045334 A CN 112045334A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
push rod
tooth
band saw
welding
driving module
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010909978.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘国跃
余畅
贾寓真
崔至远
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Bichamp Cutting Technology Hunan Co ltd
Original Assignee
Bichamp Cutting Technology Hunan Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Bichamp Cutting Technology Hunan Co ltd filed Critical Bichamp Cutting Technology Hunan Co ltd
Priority to CN202010909978.5A priority Critical patent/CN112045334A/en
Publication of CN112045334A publication Critical patent/CN112045334A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D65/00Making tools for sawing machines or sawing devices for use in cutting any kind of material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/0426Fixtures for other work
    • B23K37/0435Clamps
    • B23K37/0443Jigs

Abstract

The invention discloses a device for feeding a back material of a band saw blade, which is characterized by comprising a linear driving module, a push rod and a tooth pushing piece, wherein one end of the push rod is rotatably arranged on the linear driving module, the rotating axis of the push rod is in a horizontal state, a stop block is arranged on the linear driving module and used for limiting the limit position of the downward rotation of the push rod, the tooth pushing piece is fixedly arranged at the other end of the push rod, when the push rod is in the limit position, the part of the tooth pushing piece, which is lower than the push rod, is triangular, the edge facing to one end of the push rod is a bevel edge, and the edge departing from one end of the push rod is a vertical edge. According to the invention, the back material is accurately fed through the simple push rod, and the positions of the push rod before, during and after welding are accurately positioned.

Description

Device and method for feeding back material of band saw blade
Technical Field
The invention relates to a device and a method for feeding a back material of a band saw blade, belonging to the technical field of band saw blade processing.
Background
The bimetal band saw blade is a sawing cutter which welds a high-hardness tooth material to a high-strength back material through a welding technology and forms a plurality of continuous cutting edges in a machining forming mode. Traditionally, a laser or electron beam welding mode is adopted to weld a high-speed steel wire to a spring steel belt, and different tooth shapes are processed through milling and grinding processes. Or a high-energy resistance welding mode is adopted, the granular tooth part material is contacted with the back spring steel material, and the contact part of the tooth part material and the back material is melted by using the high temperature formed instantly by the current to form connection.
A commonly used method for feeding the backing material is intermittent clamping backing material feeding, and for example, patent document 1 (publication No. CN209094806U) discloses an entrainment mechanism for a tooth welding machine with a saw blade. The intermittent clamping back material feeding mechanism can be used for intermittently clamping band saw blades and can also be used as a component of a welding circuit for welding, but the device is more complex, a high-precision welding module is used, and the cost is more expensive.
As shown in FIG. 1, the shape of the back material of the band saw blade is defined as a position to be welded to the particle as a blade 4, and a tooth space 5 is formed between the blade 4 and the blade. For variable pitch band saw blades, the distance between each two adjacent teeth is different, and the teeth are arranged in a cyclic array, and the 7 adjacent teeth are illustrated as a group in fig. 2, so that the feeding of the back material of the band saw blade must be able to adapt to different variable pitch distances while achieving accuracy.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to simplify and reduce the feeding mode of the back material of the band saw blade and reduce the cost of the back material feeding equipment of the band saw blade, the invention provides a device and a method for feeding the back material of the band saw blade, and the specific technical scheme is as follows.
The utility model provides a device for band saw blade backing material feeds, a serial communication port, including linear drive module, push rod and push away the tooth piece, the one end of push rod rotate set up in linear drive module is last, the axis of rotation of push rod is in the horizontality, be provided with the dog on the linear drive module, the dog is used for injecing the downward pivoted extreme position of push rod, push away the tooth piece fixed set up in the other end of push rod, and work as the push rod is in during the extreme position, it is less than to push away the tooth piece the part of push rod is triangle-shaped, and moves towards the push rod the limit of one end is the hypotenuse, deviates from the push rod the limit of one end is vertical limit.
Adopt above-mentioned technical scheme, linear drive module can drive the push rod along rectilinear motion, the tooth pushing piece can block in the tooth's socket of the back of the body of band saw blade, when the tooth pushing piece forward motion under the drive of push rod, the vertical limit of tooth pushing piece can the butt in the tooth support of the back of the body of band saw blade, thereby promote the back of the body of band saw blade along rectilinear motion, when linear drive module drives the push rod rearward movement, the hypotenuse of tooth pushing piece can hold in the palm the butt with adjacent next tooth, thereby make the push rod rotate and lift up the tooth pushing piece for linear drive module, the tooth pushing piece can enter into next tooth's socket smoothly, avoid the tooth pushing piece to exert pressure to the back of the body of band saw blade.
Further, the linear driving device further comprises a grating ruler, and the grating ruler is used for recording the position of the linear driving module in real time. The position of the linear driving module can be accurately positioned by utilizing the grating ruler, so that the accurate motion of the tooth pushing piece is accurately controlled, and the accurate and controllable movement of the back material of the band saw blade is ensured.
Further, the linear driving module comprises a movable block and an installation base, the push rod is hinged to the movable block, the movable block is connected with the installation base through a dovetail groove, and the extending direction of the dovetail groove is parallel to the rotating axis. Through setting up the dovetail, can adjust the relative position of movable block and installation base, the push rod that articulates in the movable block like this can be suitable for the band saw blade of different width, ensures that the tooth piece that pushes away can accurately butt in the root of tooth support.
Based on the same inventive concept, the invention also relates to a method for feeding the back material of the band saw blade, which adopts the device and mainly comprises the following steps:
1) the tooth pushing sheet is located at a waiting position, namely the tooth pushing sheet is located between the tooth support to be welded and the next tooth support;
2) the linear driving module drives the tooth pushing sheet to move along a straight line, and the tooth pushing sheet pushes the tooth support to be welded to a welding position;
3) the linear driving module drives the tooth pushing piece to move along a straight line, the tooth pushing piece moves backwards for a certain distance to a welding waiting position, and the tooth pushing piece is still positioned between a tooth support to be welded and the next tooth support; judging whether the position of the tooth support to be welded is correct or not, and if so, executing the welding operation of the tooth support to be welded by the welding mechanism; if not, correcting by using a linear driving module;
4) and the linear driving module drives the tooth pushing sheet to move along a straight line, and the tooth pushing sheet moves backwards to cross the next tooth support to a waiting position.
According to the invention, the accurate feeding of the back material of the band saw blade is realized through the simple push rod, the waiting position, the welding position and the welding waiting position of the push rod are accurately positioned, and the intermittent feeding of the band saw blade is realized at low cost.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a back material of a band saw blade;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the apparatus for backing feeding a band saw blade of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the connection of the push rod and the linear drive module;
fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of the motion of the push rod.
Fig. 5 is a control flow diagram.
In the figure: the device comprises a linear driving module 1, a movable block 1.1, an installation base 1.2, a dovetail groove 1.3, a push rod 2, a tooth pushing piece 3, a tooth support 4, a tooth groove 5, a grating ruler 6 and a band saw blade back material 7.
Detailed Description
The present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the attached drawing figures.
Referring to fig. 1-5, a device for feeding a back material of a band saw blade comprises a linear driving module 1, a push rod 2, a tooth pushing sheet 3 and a grating ruler 6;
one end of the push rod 2 is rotatably arranged on the movable block 1.1 of the linear driving module 1, the rotating axis of the push rod 2 is in a horizontal state, a stop block (not shown) is arranged on the linear driving module 1 and used for limiting the limit position of the push rod 2 in downward rotation, the push rod 2 can only rotate upwards, the push tooth sheet 3 is fixedly arranged at the other end of the push rod 2, when the push rod 2 is in the limit position, the part, lower than the push rod 2, of the push tooth sheet 3 is triangular, the side facing the one end (the end hinged with the movable block 1.1) of the push rod 2 is a bevel edge, and the side facing away from the one end of the push rod 2 is a vertical side;
the linear driving module 1 includes a movable block 1.1, a mounting base 1.2, a servo motor (not shown), and a linear module (not shown), and the linear driving module mainly functions to provide high-precision linear motion for the push rod 2, and the linear module may be a screw-nut mechanism, a rack-and-pinion mechanism, or other linear motion mechanisms. The mounting base 1.2 is fixedly connected with the main body of the linear driving module 1, the movable block 1.1 is connected with the mounting base 1.2 through the dovetail groove 1.3 (one of the movable block 1.1 and the mounting base 1.2 is provided with the dovetail groove, and the other is provided with a bulge matched with the dovetail groove in shape), one end of the push rod 2 is hinged with the movable block 1.1, and the extending direction of the dovetail groove 1.3 is parallel to the rotating axis (the hinged axis of the push rod 2). Through setting up dovetail 1.3, can adjust the relative position of movable block 1.1 and installation base 1.2 (need utilize the fastener to fix the relative position after adjusting the relative position), articulate like this and can be suitable for the band saw blade of different width in push rod 2 of movable block 1.1, ensure that the tooth piece 3 that pushes away can accurately the butt in the root of tooth support 4.
Still including grating chi 6, grating chi 6 is used for the position of real-time recording linear drive module 1 (for the position of taking notes movable block 1.1 and installation base 1.2), utilizes the position of the linear drive module 1 of location that grating chi can be accurate, and then accurate control pushes away the accurate motion of tooth piece 3, ensures that the removal of the back of the band saw blade is accurate controllable.
In order to ensure the feeding precision of the band saw blade, the device adopts a position recording method, a proper main control chip is selected, the servo motor drives the tooth pushing piece 3 to push the back material 7 of the band saw blade in a position control mode, and the real-time position of the tooth pushing piece is fed back to the main control chip through the external grating ruler 6, so that the precise control of a full closed loop is realized. The main control chip is communicated with the human-computer interface through RS485, and the real-time position of the pushing tooth piece 3 can be displayed in the human-computer interface. The system control flow chart is shown in fig. 5. In the whole saw band feeding process, the main control chip continuously receives the displacement feedback signals of the grating ruler, so that the displacement can be adjusted in real time in the feeding process to realize accurate feeding of the saw band.
As shown in FIG. 4, the method for feeding the back material of the band saw blade by adopting the device mainly comprises the following steps:
1) the tooth pushing plate 3 is in a waiting position (on fig. 4), that is, the tooth pushing plate 3 is located between the tooth holder to be welded and the next tooth holder, and this position is marked as a waiting position X1;
2) the linear driving module 1 drives the tooth pushing sheet 3 to move along a straight line, the tooth pushing sheet 3 pushes the tooth to be welded to be supported to a welding position (in fig. 4), and the grating ruler records the current position X2;
3) the linear driving module 1 drives the pushing tooth piece 3 to move along a straight line, the pushing tooth piece 3 moves backwards for a certain distance to a welding waiting position (shown in fig. 4), the pushing tooth piece 3 is still positioned between a tooth support to be welded and the next tooth support, and the position is marked as X3; at this time, whether the position of the tooth support to be welded is correct is judged, and if the position is correct, a welding mechanism (not shown) executes the welding operation of the tooth support to be welded; if the position of the tooth support to be welded exceeds the correct position, the back material of the band saw blade is retreated for a certain distance and then corrected, and the linear driving module drives the tooth pushing piece to retreat to the welding waiting position after correction;
4) the linear driving module 1 drives the tooth pushing sheet 3 to move along a straight line, and the tooth pushing sheet 3 moves backwards to cross (the push rod 2 rotates upwards slightly) the next tooth support to a waiting position;
and (5) continuously repeating the steps 1) to 4) to finish the automatic welding of the whole band saw blade.
Because the welding position is always unchanged, even if the tooth pitches of the back materials of the band saw blades are different, the grating ruler only records the position of the push rod, so that the change of the welding position caused by the different tooth pitches is not needed to be worried about, and the advancing distance L1 of the push rod from the waiting position to the welding position is X2-X1; and the distance L2 from the position of the pushing blade 3 at the time of welding to the waiting position of the next welding is X3-X1. Therefore, the method of the invention can be completely suitable for welding the variable-pitch band saw blade, and ensures the accuracy of the welding position. Through setting up the welding wait position that pushes away the tooth piece, can finely tune the correction in the position of taking the saw blade backing material fast on the one hand, on the other hand pushes away the tooth piece and can not take place to interfere with welding mechanism when guaranteeing the welding.
The embodiments of the present invention are described above with reference to the drawings, and the embodiments and features of the embodiments of the present invention may be combined with each other without conflict. The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, which are only illustrative and not restrictive, and those skilled in the art can make many modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a device for band saw blade backing material feeds, a serial communication port, including linear drive module, push rod and push away the tooth piece, the one end of push rod rotate set up in linear drive module is last, the axis of rotation of push rod is in the horizontality, be provided with the dog on the linear drive module, the dog is used for injecing the downward pivoted extreme position of push rod, push away the tooth piece fixed set up in the other end of push rod, and work as the push rod is in during the extreme position, it is less than to push away the tooth piece the part of push rod is triangle-shaped, and moves towards the push rod the limit of one end is the hypotenuse, deviates from the push rod the limit of one end is vertical limit.
2. The device of claim 1, further comprising a grating scale for recording the position of the linear drive module in real time.
3. The device of claim 1, wherein the linear drive module comprises a movable block and a mounting base, the push rod is hinged to the movable block, the movable block is connected to the mounting base through a dovetail slot, and the dovetail slot extends in a direction parallel to the rotation axis.
4. A method for backing feeding of band saw blades using the device according to any one of claims 1-3, essentially comprising the steps of:
1) the tooth pushing sheet is located at a waiting position, namely the tooth pushing sheet is located between the tooth support to be welded and the next tooth support;
2) the linear driving module drives the tooth pushing sheet to move along a straight line, and the tooth pushing sheet pushes the tooth support to be welded to a welding position;
3) the linear driving module drives the tooth pushing piece to move along a straight line, the tooth pushing piece moves backwards for a certain distance to a welding waiting position, and the tooth pushing piece is still positioned between a tooth support to be welded and the next tooth support; judging whether the position of the tooth support to be welded is correct or not, and if so, executing the welding operation of the tooth support to be welded by the welding mechanism; if not, correcting by using a linear driving module;
4) and the linear driving module drives the tooth pushing sheet to move along a straight line, and the tooth pushing sheet moves backwards to cross the next tooth support to a waiting position.
CN202010909978.5A 2020-09-02 2020-09-02 Device and method for feeding back material of band saw blade Pending CN112045334A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010909978.5A CN112045334A (en) 2020-09-02 2020-09-02 Device and method for feeding back material of band saw blade

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010909978.5A CN112045334A (en) 2020-09-02 2020-09-02 Device and method for feeding back material of band saw blade

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112045334A true CN112045334A (en) 2020-12-08

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ID=73606764

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202336635U (en) * 2011-10-25 2012-07-18 浙江约特工具有限公司 Material transporting mechanism with saw blade tooth dividing machine
CN202667807U (en) * 2012-06-01 2013-01-16 浙江约特工具有限公司 Adjustable quantificational propulsion device for saw blade
CN203778978U (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-08-20 湖南泰嘉新材料科技股份有限公司 Saw band welding device
CN204868299U (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-12-16 上虞市宏恩精密机械有限公司 Bands for band feeding device
CN206717301U (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-12-08 潘正财 A kind of saw blade welder
CN108020479A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-05-11 湖南泰嘉新材料科技股份有限公司 A kind of sawing simulation test device and test method
CN109396559A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-03-01 浙江双鸟锚链股份有限公司 A kind of spacing cutting conveying appliance
CN110666246A (en) * 2019-10-29 2020-01-10 湖北申田新材料科技有限公司 Band saw divides tooth mechanism
CN210312396U (en) * 2019-08-08 2020-04-14 欧迪斯自动化设备(深圳)有限公司 Half-grid intelligent feeding mechanism and chip mounter feeder

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202336635U (en) * 2011-10-25 2012-07-18 浙江约特工具有限公司 Material transporting mechanism with saw blade tooth dividing machine
CN202667807U (en) * 2012-06-01 2013-01-16 浙江约特工具有限公司 Adjustable quantificational propulsion device for saw blade
CN203778978U (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-08-20 湖南泰嘉新材料科技股份有限公司 Saw band welding device
CN204868299U (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-12-16 上虞市宏恩精密机械有限公司 Bands for band feeding device
CN206717301U (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-12-08 潘正财 A kind of saw blade welder
CN108020479A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-05-11 湖南泰嘉新材料科技股份有限公司 A kind of sawing simulation test device and test method
CN109396559A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-03-01 浙江双鸟锚链股份有限公司 A kind of spacing cutting conveying appliance
CN210312396U (en) * 2019-08-08 2020-04-14 欧迪斯自动化设备(深圳)有限公司 Half-grid intelligent feeding mechanism and chip mounter feeder
CN110666246A (en) * 2019-10-29 2020-01-10 湖北申田新材料科技有限公司 Band saw divides tooth mechanism

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