CN111987679B - Detection processing device for icing of power transmission line - Google Patents

Detection processing device for icing of power transmission line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111987679B
CN111987679B CN202010915411.9A CN202010915411A CN111987679B CN 111987679 B CN111987679 B CN 111987679B CN 202010915411 A CN202010915411 A CN 202010915411A CN 111987679 B CN111987679 B CN 111987679B
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China
Prior art keywords
power transmission
transmission line
driving
generating
icing
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CN111987679A (en
Inventor
周继承
袁灼光
柏东辉
陈茂辉
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Guangdong Power Grid Co Ltd
Dongguan Power Supply Bureau of Guangdong Power Grid Co Ltd
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Guangdong Power Grid Co Ltd
Dongguan Power Supply Bureau of Guangdong Power Grid Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202010915411.9A priority Critical patent/CN111987679B/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G7/00Overhead installations of electric lines or cables
    • H02G7/16Devices for removing snow or ice from lines or cables

Abstract

The invention discloses a detection processing device for icing of a power transmission line, which comprises a first executing mechanism and a second executing mechanism, wherein the first executing mechanism comprises a shaping mechanism and a vibration generating mechanism; the vibration generating mechanism is used for generating high-frequency vibration on the plurality of power transmission lines, and the displacement generating mechanism is used for driving the plurality of power transmission lines to generate periodic centripetal movement. When the ice coating of the power transmission line is removed, the first actuating mechanism is adopted to carry out the pretreatment of the ice coating of the power transmission line in a regular cylindrical shape, and then the second actuating mechanism is adopted to realize the final treatment of the cylindrical ice coating, in the process, the vibration generating mechanism and the displacement generating mechanism are combined to carry out the treatment on the power transmission line, and under the action and the limitation of the vibration generating mechanism and the displacement generating mechanism, the stress generated on the power transmission line can effectively destroy the ice coating on the power transmission line from the bonding surface of the ice coating and the power transmission line.

Description

Detection processing device for icing of power transmission line
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of power transmission lines, in particular to a detection processing device for icing of a power transmission line.
Background
In recent years, with the continuous development of cities and industries, the demand for electric power is rapidly increased, and large-scale power generation equipment such as hydraulic power, thermal power and nuclear power is far away from cities. Particularly, under the Chinese patterns of ' east transmission of western electricity and ' south transmission of north electricity ', the construction of high-voltage and large-capacity transmission lines has become a necessary trend for the development of power transmission networks. With the continuous construction of power infrastructure, the scale of a power transmission line is continuously enlarged, the voltage grade of the power transmission line is higher and higher, high-voltage and even ultrahigh-voltage remote power transmission is gradually constructed, the power industry in China enters a large power grid era characterized by large units, high voltage and high automation, and the power transmission line becomes the fundamental industry and the prop industry which relate to the sustainable development of national economy and society.
The increasing power dependence of economic society promotes the safety of power supply to be more important than ever before, wherein the power grid is an important link for transmitting and distributing electric energy, however, the current power grid has the following practical conditions: heavy low temperature, rain and snow, and freezing disaster weather often cause large-area power failure accidents in remote areas and mountainous areas, the grid structure is damaged heavily and is influenced by the low-temperature rain and snow weather during the winter period of the power grid at the peak, and the arc droops of the power transmission line in a microclimate area or other areas of the power transmission line are reduced after ice is coated on the ground wire and the ground wire due to the formation of soft rime and soft rime, so that the distance between the ground wire and the wire is insufficient, the wire is caused to discharge to the ground wire, and the line is caused to trip due to the insufficient distance between the wires after.
At present, a plurality of methods for removing the ice coating of the power transmission line are available, but the method is simple and effective. The common method is a heating ice melting method, and the principle of deicing is that a large current flows through a power transmission line, and the temperature is raised through line resistance heating to melt ice coating. In the mode that mechanical deicing is through strikeing and vibration, and the dolly that traveles of current mechanical deicing adopts multiunit gyro wheel and transmission line to combine mostly, and gyro wheel and transmission line derail under the mechanical vibrations of high frequency can be in this kind of mode, and under the condition of transmission line surface icing simultaneously, the sliding friction power between gyro wheel and the transmission line is less, can influence the effective of gyro wheel and traveles. In the past, a method for manually removing the ice coating on the power transmission line is adopted, and observation shows that the deicing effect is poor, the efficiency is not high, and the method is sometimes difficult to implement.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a detection processing device for icing of a power transmission line, and aims to solve the technical problems that in the prior art, the power transmission line needs to be in a non-working state due to thermal deicing, and the power transmission line is heated by applying overload current so as to realize deicing, the power supply of the power transmission line is influenced, the deicing efficiency is not very ideal, and the driving defect of a driving trolley for mechanical deicing is overcome.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention specifically provides the following technical scheme:
a detection processing device for icing of a power transmission line comprises a first executing mechanism and a second executing mechanism which are connected with a plurality of power transmission lines, wherein the second executing mechanism is arranged on a motion path of the first executing mechanism and is electrically connected with the first executing mechanism through a lead;
the first actuator includes:
the shaping mechanism is sleeved on each power transmission line and used for cutting the ice coated on the power transmission line into a specified shape along the circumferential direction, and a torque groove is formed in the surface of the specified shape along the axial direction;
the vibration generating mechanism is used for contacting each power transmission line and forcing the power transmission lines to vibrate;
a polygonal housing A for mounting the shaping mechanism and the vibration generating mechanism;
the second actuator includes:
the ice breaking mechanism is sleeved on each power transmission line and is used for applying tangential torque force to a torque groove formed in the shaping mechanism;
the displacement generating mechanism is used for connecting a plurality of power transmission lines and enabling the plurality of power transmission lines to generate periodic approaching and departing actions;
the displacement generating mechanism pulls the plurality of power transmission lines to generate approaching action under the condition that the vibration generating mechanism forces the plurality of power transmission lines to vibrate, is used for forming a transmission breakpoint of vibration waves generated by the vibration generating mechanism on the plurality of power transmission lines, and intercepts the vibration waves on the power transmission lines between the vibration generating mechanism and the displacement generating mechanism;
and the polygonal shell B is used for installing the ice breaking mechanism and the displacement generating mechanism.
As a preferred scheme of the present invention, a connecting arm for connecting a power transmission line is hinged to a corner of the polygonal shell a, an insulating sleeve capable of being sleeved on the power transmission line is arranged on the connecting arm, and the shaping mechanism is arranged in the insulating sleeve;
shaping mechanism is including installing walk the spool in the insulating cover, the one end of the axis direction of walking the spool is provided with first drive ring wheel, the other end of the axis direction of walking the spool rotates and is connected with and is used for following the transmission line and rotates the circumference cutting mechanism that cuts ice, first drive ring wheel with be provided with between the circumference cutting mechanism and be used for driving the drive ring wheel with circumference cutting mechanism is synchronous circular motion's final drive line, final drive line's top is provided with the cutter head.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, the vibration generating mechanism includes a driving motor installed at a geometric center of the polygonal housing a, an output shaft of the driving motor is connected with a rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is sequentially installed with a driving wheel and a driving disc, the driving disc is in key connection with the rotating shaft, the driving wheel is engaged with the main transmission rod, a plurality of secondary vibrating rods are connected at equal intervals on the circumference of the driving disc, and the secondary vibrating rods are driven by the driving motor to perform reciprocating motion impacting the surface of the transmission line;
and a clutch device for separating the key connection between the transmission disc and the rotating shaft is arranged on the polygonal shell A.
As a preferred scheme of the invention, the corners of the polygonal shell B are hinged with telescopic connecting arms for connecting a power transmission line, the telescopic connecting arms are provided with insulating sleeve seats capable of being sleeved on the power transmission line, inner sleeves are mounted inside the insulating sleeve seats through short steel springs, rotating inner tubes for the power transmission line to pass through are sleeved in the inner sleeves, and annular slots are circumferentially arranged in the middles of the inner sleeves;
the displacement generating mechanism comprises a displacement motor arranged at the geometric center of the polygonal shell B, a winch is arranged on an output shaft of the displacement motor, a plurality of ropes are connected to the circumference of the winch at equal intervals, and one end of each rope is movably connected into the annular groove.
As a preferable scheme of the invention, the circumferential cutting mechanism comprises a rotating ring seat rotationally connected to the wiring pipe, the rotating ring seat is connected with a plurality of angle cutters at equal intervals, and a bevel gear meshed with the top of the main transmission rod is arranged on the side wall of the rotating ring seat.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, the first actuator further includes an ultrasonic transmission module mounted on the polygonal housing a and in sliding contact with the power transmission line, the second actuator further includes an ultrasonic reception module mounted on the polygonal housing B and in contact with the power transmission line and configured to receive ultrasonic waves emitted by the ultrasonic transmission module, and a central control module configured to analyze data, and the central control module is electrically connected to the ultrasonic reception module.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, the ice breaking mechanism includes a torque motor mounted on the insulating sleeve seat, and a toothed ring disposed inside the insulating sleeve seat, spiral teeth are disposed on a surface of an inner ring of the toothed ring through which the power transmission line passes, a second driving ring gear is disposed inside the insulating sleeve seat on an inner side of the toothed ring, a double-sided bevel gear that simultaneously engages the second driving ring gear and the toothed ring is mounted on an output shaft of the torque motor, and front and rear sides of the toothed ring are rotatably connected to the insulating sleeve seat through bearings.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the connecting arm is provided with a guide groove that is matched with the reciprocating motion of the secondary vibrating rod driven by the driving motor, and the guide groove extends into the insulating sleeve.
As a preferable aspect of the present invention, the first driving ring wheel and the second driving ring wheel are provided with rubber thread sleeves, the rubber thread sleeves are internally provided with spiral teeth integrally formed with the first driving ring wheel or the second driving ring wheel, and each tooth of the spiral teeth corresponds to each groove of the rubber thread sleeve.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
when the ice coating of the power transmission line is removed, the first executing mechanism is adopted to carry out the pretreatment of the ice coating and shaping of the power transmission line in a regular shape, the second executing mechanism is used for carrying out the final treatment on the pretreated ice coating, and in the process, the vibration generating mechanism and the displacement generating mechanism are combined to carry out the final treatment on the power transmission line, and under the action and the limitation of the vibration generating mechanism and the displacement generating mechanism, the stress generated on the power transmission line can effectively destroy the ice coating on the power transmission line from the bonding surface of the ice coating and the power transmission line.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below. It should be apparent that the drawings in the following description are merely exemplary, and that other embodiments can be derived from the drawings provided by those of ordinary skill in the art without inventive effort.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of an icing detection and processing apparatus;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a longitudinal section of an insulating sleeve seat provided with an ice breaking mechanism according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a longitudinal section of an insulating sleeve with a reshaping mechanism installed according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of an appearance structure of a first actuator according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram illustrating an appearance of a second actuator according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a driving motor according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a displacement motor according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a displacement motor according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of the first driving ring wheel or the second driving ring wheel according to the embodiment of the present invention.
The reference numerals in the drawings denote the following, respectively:
1-a first actuator; 2-a second actuator; 3-a shaping mechanism; 4-an ice breaking mechanism; 5-a vibration generating mechanism; 6-a displacement generating mechanism; 7-polygonal shell A; 8-a linker arm; 9-an insulating sleeve; 10-a clutch device; 11-polygonal shell B; 12-a telescoping connection arm; 13-an insulating sleeve seat; 14-short steel spring; 15-inner sleeve; 16-rotating the inner tube; 17-annular slotting; 18-an ultrasound transmission module; 19-an ultrasound receiving module; 20-a central control module; 21-rubber thread bush; 22-helical teeth;
301-wiring pipe; 302-a first drive ring wheel; 303-a circumferential cutting mechanism; 304-primary drive rod; 305-a milling head; 3031-rotating ring seat; 3032-angle knife; 3033-bevel gear;
401-torque motor; 402-a toothed ring; 403-helical teeth; 404-a second drive ring wheel; 405-double sided bevel gear;
501-driving a motor; 502-a shaft; 503-a transmission wheel; 504-a transmission disc; 505-auxiliary teeter lever; 506-a guide groove;
601-a displacement motor; 602-a winch; 603-a hoist.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 8, the present invention provides a detection processing apparatus for ice coating on a power transmission line, including a first actuator 1 and a second actuator 2 both connected to a plurality of power transmission lines, wherein the second actuator 2 is disposed on a movement path of the first actuator 1, and the first actuator 1 and the second actuator 2 are electrically connected through a wire;
the first actuator 1 includes:
the shaping mechanism 3 is sleeved on each power transmission line and is used for cutting the ice coated on the power transmission line into a specified shape along the circumferential direction, and a torque groove is formed in the surface of the specified shape along the axial direction;
the vibration generating mechanism 5 is used for contacting each power transmission line and forcing the power transmission line to vibrate;
a polygonal case a7 for mounting the shaping mechanism 3 and the vibration generating mechanism 5;
the second actuator includes:
the ice breaking mechanism 4 is sleeved on each power transmission line and is used for applying tangential torque force to the torque groove formed in the shaping mechanism 3;
the displacement generating mechanism 6 is used for connecting a plurality of power transmission lines and enabling the plurality of power transmission lines to generate periodic approaching and departing actions;
the displacement generating mechanism 6 is used for drawing the plurality of power transmission lines to generate approaching action under the condition that the vibration generating mechanism 5 forces the plurality of power transmission lines to vibrate, forming a transmission breakpoint of vibration waves generated by the vibration generating mechanism 5 on the plurality of power transmission lines and intercepting the vibration waves on the power transmission lines between the vibration generating mechanism 5 and the displacement generating mechanism 6;
and a polygonal case B11 for mounting the ice breaking mechanism 4 and the displacement generating mechanism 6.
The specific basic reference structure of the first actuator 1 and the second actuator 2 is a spacer bar used for connecting a plurality of power transmission lines (four power transmission lines are taken as an example in the invention) of a high-voltage power transmission line in the prior art, the first actuator 1 and the second actuator 2 are connected with a power supply through a lead for supplying power, and the lead can be designed into a retractable paying-off mode and used for following the movement of the first actuator 1 and the second actuator 2 on the power transmission lines.
Because in remote and high mountain area, it is comparatively difficult to erect transmission line to also be a difficult problem in the maintenance of the transmission line in later stage, heavy low temperature, sleet, freezing calamity weather often make remote area and mountain area cause large tracts of land spatial grid structure to receive heavy destruction, because road conditions and the environmental constraint in remote area and mountain area, the staff can't frequent maintain the line and clear up the icing of transmission line, especially on striding over the topography, for this:
the first actuating mechanism 1 and the second actuating mechanism 2 are electrically connected through a conducting wire, the first actuating mechanism 1 comprises a shaping mechanism 3 and a vibration generating mechanism 5, and the second actuating mechanism comprises an ice breaking mechanism 4 and a displacement generating mechanism 6.
Under the action of multiple factors of rime, wind power and gravity, ice coating on the surface of a power transmission line is not in a regular shape, the existing ice coating deicing mode of the power transmission line comprises thermal deicing and mechanical deicing, the thermal deicing needs to enable the power transmission line to be in an inoperative state, and overload current is applied to enable the power transmission line to heat and further realize deicing.
In the mode of knocking and vibrating mechanical deicing, most of the existing travelling trolleys for mechanical deicing adopt a plurality of groups of rollers to be combined with the power transmission line, the rollers and the power transmission line can derail under high-frequency mechanical vibration, and meanwhile, under the condition of ice coating on the surface of the power transmission line, the sliding friction force between the rollers and the power transmission line is small, and the effective travelling of the rollers can be influenced;
furthermore, in the mode of generating high-frequency vibration, because the length of the power transmission line is long, the conduction of the vibration wave of the vibration source on the power transmission line can be weakened, and therefore:
the invention is mainly realized by the following two aspects in the aspect of processing the ice coating of the power transmission line:
firstly, the ice coating on the power transmission line is cut into a designated shape through the shaping mechanism 3, namely, irregular ice coating formed on the power transmission line is cut into a regular cylinder shape sleeved on the power transmission line through the shaping mechanism 3, a torque groove is formed in the surface of the cylindrical ice coating along the axial direction, the ice breaking mechanism 4 is used for applying tangential torque force to the torque groove, the torque groove is formed to provide a force application point for the ice breaking mechanism 4, and then the cylindrical ice coating is cut.
Secondly, the vibration generating mechanism 5 is used for generating high-frequency vibration on the plurality of power transmission lines, the displacement generating mechanism 6 is used for driving the plurality of power transmission lines to generate periodic centripetal movement while the vibration generating mechanism 5 drives the power transmission lines to generate the high-frequency vibration, the displacement generating mechanism 6 generates the centripetal movement of the power transmission lines to form a breakpoint of vibration transmission of the vibration generating mechanism 5 on the power transmission lines, and the high-frequency vibration of the power transmission lines is intercepted on the power transmission lines between the vibration generating mechanism 5 and the displacement generating mechanism 6.
The existing method for removing the ice coating by using high-frequency vibration has the advantages that the bonding structure between the interior of the ice coating and a power transmission line is compact, so that the ice coating cannot be removed effectively by using simple high-frequency vibration, and the energy dissipation of the high-frequency vibration in the transmission process is very obvious.
The working principle of the vibration generating mechanism 5 and the displacement generating mechanism 6 in the invention is that under the action of the spacers of the first actuating mechanism 1 and the second actuating mechanism 2, the distances between a plurality of power transmission lines are the same, and under the influence of the gravity of the power transmission lines, the first actuating mechanism 1 and the second actuating mechanism 2 have a height difference, and along with the increase of the distance between the first actuating mechanism 1 and the second actuating mechanism 2, the second actuating mechanism 2 is positioned in a low potential energy area, the influence of wind power and air temperature on the position is the largest, and the dynamic representation of the power transmission lines is more obvious.
Therefore, when the vibration generating mechanism 5 generates high-frequency vibration, the displacement generating mechanism 6 pulls a plurality of power transmission lines centripetally in a low potential energy area, and the effect is that the displacement generating mechanism 6 applies radial tension to a certain position of the power transmission lines, so that the high-frequency vibration generated by the vibration generating mechanism 5 is counteracted or weakened when reaching the position of the displacement generating mechanism 6, and the counteraction or weakening can quickly feed back the high-frequency vibration along the power transmission lines, so that the surface stress of the power transmission lines between the vibration generating mechanism 5 and the displacement generating mechanism 6 is increased, and the effect of the vibration generating mechanism 5 on the power transmission lines is further improved;
meanwhile, the overhead transmission line swings under the action of gravity and wind force, and the swing has more influence factors in the actual process, the analysis of a typical icing guide-crescent icing conductor aerodynamic characteristic analysis model based on the fluid mechanics theory is utilized to obtain that four transmission lines are pulled by a displacement generating mechanism 6, the line at the position is in a tight state by the pulling force of the iron tower of the transmission line on the transmission line, and the gravity at the position of the transmission line is downward, so that a plurality of transmission lines can generate certain self-rotating rotation at the geometric center of the displacement generating mechanism 6 when the transmission line is subjected to wind force of any attack angle, and at the moment, the vibration generating mechanism 5 is relatively close to the self-rotating rotation of the transmission line and is not obvious enough or self-rotating, so the vibration generating mechanism 5 and the displacement generating mechanism 6 act under the action and the limitation, the stress generated on the transmission line will break the ice coating on the transmission line from the bonding surface of the ice coating and the transmission line.
Specifically, the method comprises the following steps:
the first actuator 1 further comprises a polygonal housing a7 for mounting the shaping mechanism 3 and the vibration generating mechanism 5, wherein the polygonal housing a7 has a structural shape determined according to the number of actual transmission lines, the polygonal housing a7 can be a sphere in consideration of wind resistance and other factors, the corners of the polygonal housing a7 are hinged with connecting arms 8 for connecting the transmission lines, the connecting arms 8 are sleeved on the transmission lines through insulating sleeves 9, and the shaping mechanism 3 is coaxially arranged in the insulating sleeves 9.
The shaping mechanism 3 comprises a routing pipe 301 installed in the insulating sleeve 9 and used for a power transmission line to pass through, a first driving ring wheel 302 is arranged at one end of the routing pipe 301, an inner ring of the first driving ring wheel 302 is in contact with the surface of the power transmission line, the first driving ring wheel 302 is in clearance fit with the surface of the power transmission line, a circumferential cutting mechanism 303 used for cutting along the rotation of the power transmission line is connected to the routing pipe 301 in a rotating mode, a main transmission rod 304 used for driving the first driving ring wheel 302 and the circumferential cutting mechanism 303 to conduct synchronous circumferential motion is arranged between the first driving ring wheel 302 and the circumferential cutting mechanism 303, a milling head 305 is arranged at the top of the main transmission rod 304, and a cylindrical surface formed after the milling head 305 passes through the circumferential cutting mechanism 303 forms an axial torque groove.
The shaping mechanism 3 has compact structure and high pre-icebreaking efficiency, and can simultaneously finish shaping and slotting the ice coating on the power transmission line.
The vibration generating mechanism 5 comprises a driving motor 501 arranged at the geometric center of a polygonal shell A7, a rotating shaft 502 is connected to an output shaft of the driving motor 501, a driving wheel 503 is arranged on the rotating shaft 502, the driving plate 504 is connected with the rotating shaft in a key mode, a clutch device 10 used for enabling the driving plate 504 to be disconnected from the rotating shaft 502 in the key mode is arranged on the polygonal shell A7, the working principle of the clutch device 10 is the same as the triggering working principle of an old-fashioned automobile clutch, the vibration generating mechanism specifically comprises a bevel gear connected to the rotating shaft 502 in a key mode and an annular seat sleeved on the rotating shaft and connected with the bevel gear in a rotating mode, the annular seat is hinged with a crankshaft rod, the other end of the crankshaft rod is connected with a driving device.
When the vibration generating mechanism 5 works, the driving device of the clutch device 10 pushes the annular seat along the axial direction of the rotating shaft 502 until the bevel gear is meshed with the transmission disc 504, at this time, the driving motor 501 rotates to drive the transmission disc 504 to rotate, and at this time, the working state of the driving motor 501 is periodic positive and negative rotation.
When the ice coated on the power transmission line is shaped, the clutch device 10 works to enable the bevel gear to be separated from the transmission disc 504, at the moment, the single driving machine 501 rotates in a single direction, and the transmission wheel 503 drives the main transmission rod 304 to rotate to drive the circumferential cutting mechanism 303 to rotate for cutting.
The driving wheel 503 is engaged with the main driving rod 304, the driving disc 504 is annularly connected with a secondary vibrating rod 505, and the secondary vibrating rod 505 is driven by the driving motor 501 to make reciprocating motion to impact the surface of the power transmission line.
The second executing mechanism 2 comprises a polygonal shell B11 used for mounting the ice breaking mechanism 4 and the displacement generating mechanism 6, a telescopic connecting arm 12 used for connecting a power transmission line is hinged to a corner of the polygonal shell B11, the telescopic connecting arm 12 is connected with the power transmission line through an insulating sleeve base 13, an inner sleeve 15 is coaxially mounted inside the insulating sleeve base 13 through a short steel spring 14, a rotating inner tube 16 through which the power transmission line passes is sleeved in the inner sleeve 15, and an annular slot 17 penetrating through the rotating inner tube 16 is formed in the middle of the inner sleeve 15.
The displacement generating mechanism 6 comprises a displacement motor 601 arranged at the geometric center of a polygonal shell B11, a winch 602 is arranged on an output shaft of the displacement motor 601, a cable 603 is connected to the outer ring of the winch 602 at equal intervals, one end of the cable 603 is movably connected to a rotating inner pipe 16 positioned in an annular groove 17, and the ice breaking mechanism 4 is arranged in an insulating sleeve seat 13 at the end part of an inner sleeve 15.
When the displacement generating mechanism 6 is operated, the displacement motor 601 drives the capstan 602 to rotate, so as to cause the cable 603 to be wound on the capstan 602, thereby pulling the rotating inner tube 16 to move along the length direction of the telescopic connecting arm 12.
The telescopic connecting arm can be a two-section sliding rail structure.
The circumferential cutting mechanism 303 comprises a rotating ring seat 3031 which is rotatably connected to the wiring pipe 301, a plurality of angle cutters 3032 are connected to the rotating ring seat 3031 at equal intervals, and a bevel gear 3033 which is meshed with the top of the main transmission rod 304 is arranged on the side wall of the rotating ring seat 3031.
The first actuator 1 further comprises an ultrasonic transmitting module 18 which is arranged on the polygonal shell A7 and is in sliding contact with the power transmission line, the second actuator 2 further comprises an ultrasonic receiving module 19 which is arranged on the polygonal shell B11 and is in contact with the power transmission line and is used for receiving ultrasonic waves emitted by the ultrasonic transmitting module 18, and a central control module 20 used for data analysis, and the central control module 20 is electrically connected with the ultrasonic receiving module 19.
The ice breaking mechanism 4 comprises a torque motor 401 mounted on the insulating sleeve base 13 and a gear ring 402 arranged inside the insulating sleeve base 13, spiral teeth 403 are spirally arranged on an inner ring of the gear ring 402 through which a power transmission line passes, a second driving ring wheel 404 is arranged on the back side of the gear ring 402, a double-sided bevel gear 405 which is meshed with the second driving ring wheel 404 and the gear ring 402 simultaneously is mounted on an output shaft of the torque motor 401, and the front side and the rear side of the gear ring 402 are rotatably connected to the insulating sleeve base 13 through bearings.
The power transmission line penetrates through the gear ring 402 and penetrates out of the inner sleeve 15, and the torque motor 401 drives the gear ring 402 to rotate, so that the spiral teeth 403 on the inner wall of the gear ring cut into the grooves formed in the cylindrical ice coating by the milling head 305 in a spiral mode.
The connecting arm 8 is provided with a guide groove 506 which is matched with the reciprocating motion of the secondary vibrating rod 505 driven by the driving motor 501, the guide groove 506 extends into the insulating sleeve 9, and the guide groove 506 is used for limiting the motion position of the secondary vibrating rod 505.
In order to solve the problem that the roller and the transmission line derail under the high-frequency mechanical vibration of the existing mechanical deicing running trolley, and the sliding friction force between the roller and the transmission line is small and the sliding is possible to occur under the condition that the ice is coated on the surface of the transmission line, the method comprises the following steps:
the inner rings of the first driving ring wheel 302 and the second driving ring wheel 404 are provided with rubber thread sleeves 21, thread grooves of the rubber thread sleeves 21 can form an adsorption form on the appearance of the power transmission line, the spiral teeth 22 integrally formed with the first driving ring wheel 302 or the second driving ring wheel 404 are arranged inside the rubber thread sleeves 21, each tooth of each spiral tooth 22 corresponds to each thread groove of the rubber thread sleeve 21, the spiral teeth 22 are hidden in the rubber thread sleeves 21, on one hand, the rigidity of the rubber thread sleeves 21 at the contact points of the power transmission line surface after being stressed and deformed is improved, and on the other hand, the surface of the power transmission line is effectively protected.
Further, when not in use, the first actuator 1 and the second actuator 2 in the present invention may be directly used as spacers of the power transmission line to replace spacers of the original power transmission line, and in use of the spacers of the original power transmission line, in order to avoid mutual swinging and crossing of a plurality of power transmission circuits of the power transmission line under an external force, a plurality of spacers are used to fix the plurality of power transmission lines, and in consideration of current influence of adjacent power transmission lines and interval fixing positions of the power transmission lines, use of the spacers is limited to a great extent.
The above embodiments are only exemplary embodiments of the present application, and are not intended to limit the present application, and the protection scope of the present application is defined by the claims. Various modifications and equivalents may be made by those skilled in the art within the spirit and scope of the present application and such modifications and equivalents should also be considered to be within the scope of the present application.

Claims (9)

1. The detection processing device for the icing of the power transmission line is characterized by comprising a first actuating mechanism (1) and a second actuating mechanism (2) which are connected with a plurality of power transmission lines, wherein the second actuating mechanism (2) is arranged on a motion path of the first actuating mechanism (1), and the first actuating mechanism (1) is electrically connected with the second actuating mechanism (2) through a lead;
the first actuator (1) comprises:
the shaping mechanism (3) is sleeved on each power transmission line and is used for cutting the ice coated on the power transmission line into a specified shape along the circumferential direction, and a torque groove is formed in the surface of the specified shape along the axial direction;
the vibration generating mechanism (5) is used for contacting each transmission line and forcing the transmission line to vibrate;
a polygonal housing A (7) for mounting the shaping mechanism (3) and the vibration generating mechanism (5);
the second actuator includes:
the ice breaking mechanism (4) is sleeved on each power transmission line and is used for applying tangential torque force to a torque groove formed in the shaping mechanism (3);
the displacement generating mechanism (6) is used for connecting a plurality of power transmission lines and enabling the plurality of power transmission lines to generate periodic approaching and departing actions;
the displacement generating mechanism (6) pulls the plurality of power transmission lines to generate approaching action in a state that the vibration generating mechanism (5) forces the plurality of power transmission lines to vibrate, is used for forming a transmission breakpoint of vibration waves generated by the vibration generating mechanism (5) on the plurality of power transmission lines, and intercepts the vibration waves on the power transmission lines between the vibration generating mechanism (5) and the displacement generating mechanism (6);
and the polygonal shell B (11) is used for installing the ice breaking mechanism (4) and the displacement generating mechanism (6).
2. The detection and processing device for the icing of the power transmission line according to claim 1, wherein a connecting arm (8) for connecting the power transmission line is hinged to a corner of the polygonal shell A (7), an insulating sleeve (9) capable of being sleeved on the power transmission line is arranged on the connecting arm (8), and the shaping mechanism (3) is arranged in the insulating sleeve (9);
shaping mechanism (3) is including installing walk spool (301) in insulating sleeve (9), the one end of the axis direction of walking spool (301) is provided with first drive ring wheel (302), the other end of the axis direction of walking spool (301) rotates and is connected with and is used for along transmission line rotation to carry out circumference cutting mechanism (303) that ice cut, first drive ring wheel (302) with be provided with between circumference cutting mechanism (303) and be used for driving drive ring wheel (302) with synchronous circular motion's final drive pole (304) is done to circumference cutting mechanism (303), the top of final drive pole (304) is provided with milling cutter head (305).
3. The detection and processing device for the icing of the power transmission line according to the claim 2, wherein the vibration generating mechanism (5) comprises a driving motor (501) installed at the geometric center of the polygonal shell A (7), a rotating shaft (502) is connected to the output shaft of the driving motor (501), a driving wheel (503) and a driving disc (504) are sequentially installed on the rotating shaft (502), the driving disc (504) is in key connection with the rotating shaft (502), the driving wheel (503) is meshed with the main driving rod (304), a plurality of secondary vibrating rods (505) are connected to the circumference of the driving disc (504) at equal intervals, and the secondary vibrating rods (505) do reciprocating motion of impacting the surface of the power transmission line under the driving of the driving motor (501);
and a clutch device (10) for disconnecting the key connection between the transmission disc (504) and the rotating shaft (502) is arranged on the polygonal shell A (7).
4. The device for detecting and processing the icing on the power transmission line according to claim 3, wherein a telescopic connecting arm (12) for connecting the power transmission line is hinged to a corner of the polygonal shell B (11), an insulating sleeve seat (13) capable of being sleeved on the power transmission line is arranged on the telescopic connecting arm (12), an inner sleeve (15) is arranged inside the insulating sleeve seat (13) through a short steel spring (14), a rotating inner pipe (16) for the power transmission line to pass through is sleeved in the inner sleeve (15), and an annular slot (17) is formed in the middle of the inner sleeve (15) in the circumferential direction;
the displacement generating mechanism (6) comprises a displacement motor (601) arranged at the geometric center of the polygonal shell B (11), a winch (602) is arranged on an output shaft of the displacement motor (601), a plurality of cables (603) are connected to the circumference of the winch (602) at equal intervals, and one end of each cable (603) is movably connected into the annular slot (17).
5. The detection processing device for the icing of the power transmission line according to the claim 2, wherein the circumferential cutting mechanism (303) comprises a rotating ring seat (3031) which is rotatably connected to the line running pipe (301), a plurality of angle cutters (3032) are connected to the rotating ring seat (3031) at equal intervals, and a bevel gear (3033) which is meshed with the top of the main transmission rod (304) is arranged on the side wall of the rotating ring seat (3031).
6. The detection processing device for the icing of the power transmission line according to claim 5, wherein the first actuator (1) further comprises an ultrasonic transmitting module (18) which is installed on the polygonal shell A (7) and is in sliding contact with the power transmission line, the second actuator (2) further comprises an ultrasonic receiving module (19) which is installed on the polygonal shell B (11) and is in contact with the power transmission line and receives the ultrasonic waves emitted by the ultrasonic transmitting module (18), and a central control module (20) for data analysis, and the central control module (20) is electrically connected with the ultrasonic receiving module (19).
7. The device for detecting and processing the ice coating on the power transmission line according to claim 4, wherein the ice breaking mechanism (4) comprises a torque motor (401) installed on the insulating sleeve seat (13) and a gear ring (402) arranged inside the insulating sleeve seat (13), spiral teeth (403) are arranged on the surface of an inner ring of the gear ring (402) through which the power transmission line passes, a second driving ring wheel (404) is arranged in the insulating sleeve seat (13) on the inner side of the gear ring (402), a double-sided bevel gear (405) which is meshed with the second driving ring wheel (404) and the gear ring (402) simultaneously is installed on an output shaft of the torque motor (401), and the front side and the rear side of the gear ring (402) are rotatably connected to the insulating sleeve seat (13) through bearings.
8. The detection processing device for the icing of the power transmission line according to the claim 2, characterized in that the connecting arm (8) is provided with a guide groove (506) matched with the reciprocating motion of the secondary vibrating rod (505) driven by the driving motor (501), and the guide groove (506) extends into the insulating sleeve (9).
9. The device for detecting and processing icing on a power transmission line according to claim 7, wherein the inner rings of the first driving ring wheel (302) and the second driving ring wheel (404) are provided with rubber thread sleeves (21), the rubber thread sleeves (21) are internally provided with spiral teeth (22) which are integrally formed with the first driving ring wheel (302) or the second driving ring wheel (404), and each tooth of the spiral teeth (22) corresponds to each groove of the rubber thread sleeves (21).
CN202010915411.9A 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 Detection processing device for icing of power transmission line Active CN111987679B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3056042B2 (en) * 1994-06-15 2000-06-26 旭電機株式会社 Spacer and loose conductor gripper for spacer and overhead transmission line with galloping vibration prevented
CN201312099Y (en) * 2008-12-01 2009-09-16 四川电力试验研究院 Quadripartition conductor intelligent de-icing device
CN205319662U (en) * 2016-01-04 2016-06-15 安徽理工大学 Pair becomes interval electric wire deicing robot
CN205583615U (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-09-14 国网山东省电力公司青岛市黄岛区供电公司 A device for high -voltage line deicing snow removing
CN106655060A (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-05-10 哈尔滨工程大学 Deicing robot for four-cracking high-voltage power transmission line
CN110247358A (en) * 2019-07-10 2019-09-17 合肥安力电力工程有限公司 A kind of deicing of high-voltage wires machine people crossing split conductor conductor spacer

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3056042B2 (en) * 1994-06-15 2000-06-26 旭電機株式会社 Spacer and loose conductor gripper for spacer and overhead transmission line with galloping vibration prevented
CN201312099Y (en) * 2008-12-01 2009-09-16 四川电力试验研究院 Quadripartition conductor intelligent de-icing device
CN205319662U (en) * 2016-01-04 2016-06-15 安徽理工大学 Pair becomes interval electric wire deicing robot
CN205583615U (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-09-14 国网山东省电力公司青岛市黄岛区供电公司 A device for high -voltage line deicing snow removing
CN106655060A (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-05-10 哈尔滨工程大学 Deicing robot for four-cracking high-voltage power transmission line
CN110247358A (en) * 2019-07-10 2019-09-17 合肥安力电力工程有限公司 A kind of deicing of high-voltage wires machine people crossing split conductor conductor spacer

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