CN111960073A - Automatic turnover machine for train wheels - Google Patents

Automatic turnover machine for train wheels Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111960073A
CN111960073A CN202010823949.7A CN202010823949A CN111960073A CN 111960073 A CN111960073 A CN 111960073A CN 202010823949 A CN202010823949 A CN 202010823949A CN 111960073 A CN111960073 A CN 111960073A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rod
train wheel
plate
shaped
pressing block
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010823949.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王三祥
王欣
蔡文丹
杨万昌
周永琴
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Yubo Automation Equipment Co ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Yubo Automation Equipment Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Yubo Automation Equipment Co ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Yubo Automation Equipment Co ltd
Priority to CN202010823949.7A priority Critical patent/CN111960073A/en
Publication of CN111960073A publication Critical patent/CN111960073A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/24Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles
    • B65G47/248Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles by turning over or inverting them

Abstract

The invention provides an automatic turnover machine for train wheels, which comprises: when the train wheel body needs to be machined, firstly, the train wheel body is placed on the turnover frame by using a mechanical arm, and the train wheel body is fixed by a limiting device arranged on the turnover frame; because the roll-over stand rotates and establishes the external frame, after one of them face of the train wheel body is processed, through with the roll-over stand the external frame overturns, realizes the processing station is arranged in to the unprocessed one side of the train wheel body to realize that the train wheel body can carry out the adjustment that suits along with manufacturing procedure, replace the artifical train wheel body that overturns and carry out the condition of processing, improved the machining efficiency of train wheel body in the course of working greatly to and caused the unexpected condition of taking place because of the cooperation error when having reduced the artifical train wheel body that overturns.

Description

Automatic turnover machine for train wheels
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of train wheel overturning and carrying, in particular to an automatic train wheel overturning machine.
Background
The train wheel needs to be turned in the manufacturing process, when the train wheel is turned, a plurality of persons are usually needed to turn the train wheel, time and labor are wasted, and when the train wheel is turned by the cooperation of the plurality of persons, once the cooperation error occurs, accidents are easily caused; there is therefore a lack of a flipping mechanism that reduces manual handling.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an automatic train wheel turnover machine which is used for achieving the purpose of replacing manpower to turn over train wheels in the machining process.
The invention provides an automatic turnover machine for train wheels, which comprises: the train wheel turnover device comprises an outer frame and a turnover frame, wherein the outer frame comprises two first square frames and a plurality of second reinforcing rods, the first square frames are connected through the second reinforcing rods to form a square body, the first reinforcing rods are further arranged inside the first square frames, the first reinforcing rods and the upper surfaces of the first square frames are rotatably connected with the turnover frame, and the turnover frame is detachably connected with a train wheel body.
Preferably, two sides of the roll-over stand are provided with first rotating shafts extending outwards, and the first rotating shafts are rotatably connected with the first square frame and the upper surface of the first reinforcing rod through bearing seats; one side of the first reinforcing rod, which is far away from the roll-over stand, is provided with a motor, and the driving end of the motor is connected with a first rotating shaft on the first reinforcing rod.
Preferably, the roll-over stand comprises two second square frames and a plurality of fourth connecting plates, the second square frames are connected through at least four fourth connecting plates, and the fourth connecting plates are fixedly connected with the first rotating shaft; a third reinforcing rod is further arranged on the second square frame, and a train wheel body is accommodated between the third reinforcing rod and the second square frame; a limiting device is further arranged on the second square frame in a sliding mode, one end of the limiting device is connected with the driving end of a second linear driver, and the fixed end of the second linear driver is connected with the inner wall of the second square frame; the inner wall of the second square frame of the adjacent second linear driver is provided with a sliding groove, two sides of the limiting device, which are close to the sliding groove, are provided with pulleys, the pulleys are located in the sliding groove to reciprocate, and the limiting device is used for clamping the train wheel body in a cavity formed between the second square frame and the third reinforcing rod.
Preferably, the limiting devices at least comprise two groups, and the two groups of limiting devices are symmetrically arranged in the second square frame; the stop device includes: the U-shaped groove opening of the U-shaped supporting plate faces the inside of the second square frame, the first L-shaped connecting plates are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the U-shaped supporting plate respectively, the opening of each first L-shaped connecting plate faces the outside of the second square frame, and pulleys are symmetrically arranged on one face, far away from the U-shaped supporting plate, of each first L-shaped connecting plate; a third connecting plate is arranged on one side, close to the third reinforcing plate, of the U-shaped supporting plate and is used for being connected with a driving end of the second linear driver; one end of the second connecting plate is connected to the upper surface of the U-shaped supporting plate, the other end of the second connecting plate extends to the upper surface of the first L connecting plate, a pressing device is arranged between the second connecting plate and the first L connecting plate, a first through hole is formed in the first L connecting plate, and the first through hole is used for the pressing device to press the train wheel body in the containing cavity.
Preferably, the pressing device includes: the first linear driver is fixed on the second connecting plate, a push rod of the first linear driver penetrates through the second connecting plate and extends towards the first L connecting plate, the push rod of the first linear driver is connected with the first pressing block, the first pressing block penetrates through the first through hole and extends into the accommodating cavity of the turnover frame, and the first pressing block is used for pressing the train wheel body in the accommodating cavity.
Preferably, the external frame and the roll-over stand are all formed by welding channel steel, and the length of the external frame is as follows: 2900mm, width: 1800 mm; the thickness is as follows: 1090 mm.
Preferably, the two sides of the second connecting plate are symmetrically provided with first connecting plates, and the first connecting plates are used for fixing the second connecting plate and the first L connecting plate into a whole.
Preferably, the pressing device further comprises a second pressing device, the second pressing device is located on one side of the telescopic end, the second pressing device comprises a second pressing block, a first connecting rod and a third connecting rod, a hinge piece extends downwards from one side, close to the third reinforcing rod, of the telescopic end, the hinge piece is connected with the third connecting rod in a rotating mode, the other end of the third connecting rod is connected with a fourth connecting rod in a rotating mode through a second hinge shaft, and one end, far away from the third connecting rod, of the fourth connecting rod is connected to one side, close to the U-shaped supporting plate, of the second pressing block in a rotating mode through the first hinge shaft; a first movable groove penetrates through the second pressing block, a second connecting rod is rotatably arranged on one surface, close to the second pressing block, of the third connecting rod, the second connecting rod penetrates through the second movable groove and extends to the other side of the second pressing block, the other side of the second pressing block is located on one side, away from the pulley, of the first L-shaped connecting plate, one end, away from the third connecting rod, of the second connecting rod is rotatably connected to one surface of the first connecting rod, one end of the first connecting rod is hinged to one panel of the second L-shaped connecting plate, and the other panel of the second L-shaped connecting plate is fixed to the upper surface of the first L-shaped connecting plate; the other end of the first connecting rod is rotatably connected with a fifth connecting rod through a second hinge shaft, and the other end of the fifth connecting rod is hinged to one side, close to the pulley, of the second pressing block; one side, close to the first L-shaped connecting plate, of the second pressing block is provided with a groove, and the groove is used for enabling one end, close to the third reinforcing rod, of the second pressing block to be inserted into a gap between the third reinforcing rod and the train wheel body.
Preferably, the telescopic end is connected with the first pressing block through a pressing rod, the telescopic end is of a U-shaped structure, an opening of the U-shaped structure is far away from the pressing rod, a punching device and an adsorption device are arranged in the U-shaped structure, a second movable groove penetrates through the pressing rod and the first pressing block, an adsorption channel of an annular structure is sleeved on the outer side of the second movable groove, and one end, close to the telescopic end, of the adsorption channel is connected with the adsorption device; a sixth connecting rod is arranged at one end, close to the second movable groove, of the punching device, a drill bit is arranged at one end, far away from the punching device, of the sixth connecting rod, and the sixth connecting rod is of a multi-connecting-rod structure which comprises a plurality of connecting rods which are sequentially sleeved and clamped; a guide chute is arranged on one surface, close to the telescopic end, of the second pressing block, the bottom of the guide chute is an inclined surface, and one end, close to the first pressing block, of the guide chute is higher than one end, close to the third reinforcing rod, of the guide chute; the guide chute is used for receiving the waste materials released by the adsorption channel.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
the invention provides an automatic turnover machine for train wheels, which comprises: the train wheel turnover device comprises an outer frame and a turnover frame, wherein the outer frame comprises two first square frames and a plurality of second reinforcing rods, the first square frames are connected through the second reinforcing rods to form a square body, the first reinforcing rods are further arranged inside the first square frames, the first reinforcing rods and the upper surfaces of the first square frames are rotatably connected with the turnover frame, and the turnover frame is detachably connected with a train wheel body.
When the train wheel body needs to be machined, firstly, the train wheel body is placed on the turnover frame by using a mechanical arm, and the train wheel body is fixed by a limiting device arranged on the turnover frame; because the roll-over stand rotates and establishes the external frame, after one of them face of the train wheel body is processed, through with the roll-over stand the external frame overturns, realizes the processing station is arranged in to the unprocessed one side of the train wheel body to realize that the train wheel body can carry out the adjustment that suits along with manufacturing procedure, replace the artifical train wheel body that overturns and carry out the condition of processing, improved the machining efficiency of train wheel body in the course of working greatly to and caused the unexpected condition of taking place because of the cooperation error when having reduced the artifical train wheel body that overturns.
Additional features and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the description which follows, and in part will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention. The objectives and other advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by the structure particularly pointed out in the written description and drawings.
The technical solution of the present invention is further described in detail by the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a second reinforcement bar according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a third tie plate structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the roll-over stand of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a first L-shaped connecting plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a second tie plate structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a second compact of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a third link structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the telescopic end structure of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram showing the structure of the inclined surface of the second briquette according to the present invention.
Wherein, 1-a first square frame, 2-a roll-over stand, 3-a train wheel body, 4-a first linear driver, 5-a U-shaped supporting plate, 6-a first connecting plate, 7-a second linear driver, 8-a first rotating shaft, 9-a motor, 10-a first reinforcing rod, 11-a second reinforcing rod, 12-a third reinforcing rod, 13-a second square frame, 14-a bearing seat, 15-a third connecting plate, 16-a second connecting plate, 18-a fourth connecting plate, 19-a first L connecting plate, 20-a first through hole, 21-a first pressing block,
22-a pressure rod, 23-a telescopic end, 24-a second L-shaped connecting plate, 25-a first connecting rod, 26-a second connecting rod, 27-a second pressing block, 28-a fifth connecting rod, 29-a material guide groove, 30-a first articulated shaft, 31-a first movable groove, 32-a second articulated shaft, 33-a third connecting rod, 34-an articulated sheet and 35-a fourth connecting rod,
36-a pulley, 37-a chute,
38-perforating device, 39-sixth connecting rod, 40-second movable groove, 41-drill bit and 42-adsorption channel.
Detailed Description
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and it will be understood that they are described herein for the purpose of illustration and explanation and not limitation.
According to fig. 1 to 9, an embodiment of the present invention provides an automatic turnover machine for train wheels, including: the train wheel turnover frame comprises an outer frame and a turnover frame 2, wherein the outer frame comprises two first square frames 1 and a plurality of second reinforcing rods 11, the first square frames 1 are connected through the second reinforcing rods 11 to form a square body, a first reinforcing rod 10 is further arranged inside the first square frame 1, the first reinforcing rod 10 and the upper surface of the first square frame 1 are rotatably connected with the turnover frame 2, and the turnover frame 2 is detachably connected with a train wheel body 3. The external frame with roll-over stand 2 all forms through the channel-section steel welding, the length of external frame is: 2900mm, width: 1800 mm; the thickness is as follows: 1090 mm.
When the train wheel turning frame is used, the external frame is used for erecting the turning frame 2, the turning frame 2 is used for clamping the train wheel body 3, when the train wheel body 3 needs to be machined, firstly, the train wheel body 3 is placed on the turning frame 2 through a mechanical arm, and the train wheel body 3 is fixed through a limiting device arranged on the turning frame 2; because the roll-over stand 2 is rotatably arranged on the external frame, after one surface of the train wheel body 3 is processed, the roll-over stand 2 is turned over on the external frame, so that the unprocessed surface of the train wheel body 3 is arranged on a processing station, the train wheel body 3 can be adjusted along with the processing procedure, the condition that the train wheel body 3 is manually turned over for processing is replaced, the processing efficiency of the train wheel body 3 in the processing process is greatly improved, and the condition that an accident happens due to matching errors when the train wheel body 3 is manually turned over is reduced.
When the roll-over stand 2 is normally stopped at a horizontal position, the upper cylinder retracts automatically, and the upper bearing trolley moves to a side-leaning position; the cylinder stretches out below, and the bearing trolley moves to the middle position below, and manual feeding and discharging are carried out. After the manual feeding is completed, the upper air cylinder extends out, the turnover mechanism overturns 180 degrees, and the automatic stop is realized after the turnover mechanism is in place.
In order to prevent and stop misoperation, the whole equipment adopts PLC automatic control and is provided with various safety protection travel switches, proximity switches, magnetic switches and station emergency stop buttons.
In the equipment upset operation in-process, even appear cutting off the power supply suddenly and cut off gas, equipment can guarantee that train wheel body 3 is at the safe state, reduces train wheel body 3 and loosens the condition that causes the production accident because of the outage appears in the clamping process.
In one embodiment, according to the fig. 1-6, the two sides of the roll-over stand 2 are provided with first rotating shafts 8 extending outwards, and the first rotating shafts 8 are rotatably connected with the upper surfaces of the first square frame 1 and the first reinforcing rod 10 through bearing seats 14; a motor 9 is arranged on one side of the first reinforcing rod 10, which is far away from the roll-over stand 2, and the driving end of the motor 9 is connected with a first rotating shaft 8 on the first reinforcing rod 10.
When in use, the first rotating shaft 8 is rotatably connected with one side of the outer frame according to the bearing seat 14; namely, the bearing seat 14 connects the first rotating shaft 8 to one side of the first square frame 1 and the first reinforcing rod 10 in a rotating way, so that the train wheel body 3 can realize the rotating purpose through the first rotating shaft 8 and the bearing when being erected on the roll-over stand 2 for turning.
The motor 9 is further provided with a motor base, and the motor base 17 is erected on one side, away from the roll-over stand, of the first reinforcing rod 10.
In one embodiment, the roll-over stand 2 comprises two second square frames 13 and a plurality of fourth connecting plates 18, the second square frames 13 are connected through at least four fourth connecting plates 18, and the fourth connecting plates 18 are fixedly connected with the first rotating shaft 8; a third reinforcing rod 12 is further arranged on the second square frame 13, and a train wheel body 3 is accommodated between the third reinforcing rod 12 and the second square frame 13; a limiting device is further arranged on the second square frame 13 in a sliding manner, one end of the limiting device is connected with the driving end of the second linear driver 7, and the fixed end of the second linear driver 7 is connected with the inner wall of the second square frame 13; a sliding groove 37 is formed in the inner wall of the second square frame 13 adjacent to the second linear actuator 7, pulleys 36 are arranged on two sides of the limiting device close to the sliding groove 37, the pulleys 36 are located in the sliding groove 37 to reciprocate, and the limiting device is used for clamping the train wheel body 3 in a cavity formed between the second square frame 13 and the third reinforcing rod 12.
The fourth connecting plate 18 is used for connecting the two groups of second square frames 13 into a whole and forming the roll-over stand, and a first rotating shaft arranged on the fourth connecting plate is used for being rotatably connected to the first square frames and the first reinforcing rod through a bearing seat; thereby realizing the purpose that the roll-over stand can smoothly take the train wheel body to roll over;
the third reinforcing rod is used for dividing the second square frame and forming a containing cavity for containing the train wheel body, the limiting device is provided with a pulley, the pulley is matched with the sliding groove in the inner wall of the second square frame, the limiting device can slide along with the matching of the pulley and the sliding groove, and the purpose of limiting or moving out the train wheel body in the containing cavity is further achieved.
The limiting device is driven by the second linear driver and achieves the purpose of reciprocating in the sliding groove.
In one embodiment, the limiting devices include at least two groups, and the two groups of limiting devices are symmetrically arranged in the second square frame 13; the stop device includes: the U-shaped supporting plate 5, the second connecting plate 16 and the first L-shaped connecting plate 19 are arranged, a U-shaped groove of the U-shaped supporting plate 5 faces the inside of the second square frame 13, the first L-shaped connecting plate 19 is symmetrically arranged on two sides of the U-shaped supporting plate 5 respectively, an opening of the first L-shaped connecting plate 19 faces the outside of the second square frame 13, and pulleys 36 are symmetrically arranged on one surface, far away from the U-shaped supporting plate 5, of the first L-shaped connecting plate 19; a third connecting plate 15 is arranged on one side, close to the third reinforcing plate, of the U-shaped supporting plate 5, and the third connecting plate 15 is used for being connected with a driving end of the second linear driver 7; one end of the second connecting plate 16 is connected to the upper surface of the U-shaped supporting plate 5, the other end of the second connecting plate 16 extends to the upper surface of the first L connecting plate 19, a pressing device is arranged between the second connecting plate 16 and the first L connecting plate 19, a first through hole 20 is formed in the first L connecting plate 19, and the first through hole 20 is used for pressing the train wheel body 3 in the containing cavity through the pressing device.
The pressing device comprises: the first linear driver 4 is fixed on the second connecting plate 16, a push rod of the first linear driver 4 penetrates through the second connecting plate 16 and extends towards the first L connecting plate 19, the push rod of the first linear driver 4 is connected with the first pressing block 21, the first pressing block 21 penetrates through the first through hole 20 and extends into the accommodating cavity of the turnover frame 2, and the first pressing block 21 is used for pressing the train wheel body 3 in the accommodating cavity.
And two sides of the second connecting plate 16 are symmetrically provided with first connecting plates 6, and the first connecting plates 6 are used for fixing the second connecting plate 16 and the first L-shaped connecting plate 19 into a whole.
When the loading is needed, firstly, the turnover frame is in a horizontal state, the second linear driver below the turnover frame is in a push-open state, the limiting device below the turnover frame is located below the containing cavity, and the train wheel body is placed into the containing cavity by using a loading machine; then, a second linear driver positioned above the containing cavity pushes an upper limiting device, so that the limiting device above the turnover frame seals the train wheel body placed in the containing cavity into the containing cavity;
when the second linear driver pushes the limiting device to work, the specific working process is as follows: firstly, a push rod of the second linear driver extends out to push the third connecting plate, the third connecting plate drives the U-shaped supporting plate to move, the U-shaped supporting plate further drives the first L-shaped connecting plate to slide, and as a pulley is arranged on the inner wall of the first L-shaped connecting plate close to the second square frame, the second square frame is a channel steel, a U-shaped groove of the channel steel is a chute, and the pulley can slide in the chute, the compressing device is driven to slide until the compressing device is positioned on the surfaces of two sides of a train wheel body;
starting the first linear driver, wherein after the first linear driver is started, a push rod of the first linear driver can push towards the surfaces of the two sides of the train wheel body, and in the pushing process, a first pressing block connected with the first linear driver can penetrate through a first through hole formed in the first L-shaped connecting plate; the pressing device and the limiting device are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the train wheel body, so that two sides of the pressing device are clamped simultaneously when the pressing device presses the train wheel body, the purpose of clamping the train wheel body is achieved, and the purpose of fixing and processing the train wheel body is further achieved.
After the appearance of the train wheel body is machined, when the train wheel body is blanked, firstly, the train wheel body is rotated to be in a horizontal state by the motor, namely, the turnover frame is in the horizontal state, then, a pressing device on the upper surface of the turnover frame is loosened, namely, the first linear driver is started, so that the first pressing block can loosen the pressing of the train wheel body, and further, the first pressing block is lifted and separated from the first through hole; and starting a second linear driver positioned above the turnover frame, so that a push rod of the second linear driver is retracted, and the third connecting plate and the U-shaped supporting plate are pulled, so that the pulley slides via the slide rail, the accommodating cavity for accommodating the train wheel body is further opened, the processed train wheel body is discharged by a discharging machine, and then the train wheel body to be processed is further placed in the accommodating cavity by a feeding machine. Realize full-automatic material loading, unloading from this and carry out the purpose of processing to the train wheel body, reduce the train wheel body and add the low efficiency production of artifical turnover wheel body in its surface to and reduce the easy slippage that appears among the artifical turnover process or take the shakiness to cause workman injured's condition.
In one embodiment, according to fig. 7-9, the pressing device further comprises a second pressing device, the second pressing device is located on one side of the telescopic end 23, the second pressing device comprises a second pressing block 27, a first connecting rod 25 and a third connecting rod 33, a hinge piece 34 extends downwards from one side of the telescopic end 23 close to the third reinforcing rod 12, the hinge piece 34 is rotatably connected with the third connecting rod 33, the other end of the third connecting rod 33 is rotatably connected with a fourth connecting rod 35 through a second hinge shaft 32, and one end of the fourth connecting rod 35 far from the third connecting rod 33 is rotatably connected with one side of the second pressing block 27 close to the U-shaped supporting plate 5 through the first hinge shaft 30; a first movable groove 31 penetrates through the second pressing block 27, a second connecting rod 26 is rotatably arranged on one surface of the third connecting rod 33 close to the second pressing block 27, the second connecting rod 26 penetrates through the second movable groove 40 and extends to the other side of the second pressing block 27, the other side of the second pressing block 27 is positioned on one side, away from the pulley 36, of the first L-shaped connecting plate 19, one end, away from the third connecting rod 33, of the second connecting rod 26 is rotatably connected to one surface of the first connecting rod 25, one end of the first connecting rod 25 is hinged to one panel of the second L-shaped connecting plate 24, and the other panel of the second L-shaped connecting plate 24 is fixed on the upper surface of the first L-shaped connecting plate 19; the other end of the first connecting rod 25 is rotatably connected with a fifth connecting rod 28 through a second hinge shaft 32, and the other end of the fifth connecting rod 28 is hinged on one side of the second pressing block 27 close to the pulley 36; one surface of the second pressing block 27 close to the first L-shaped connecting plate 19 is provided with a slot, and the slot is used for inserting one end of the second pressing block 27 close to the third reinforcing rod 12 into a gap between the third reinforcing rod 12 and the train wheel body 3.
When the accommodating cavity accommodates the train wheel body, gaps are formed in the left side and the right side of the accommodating cavity, and the gaps mainly consider that a certain tolerance needs to exist when the train wheel body is placed into the accommodating cavity by a feeding machine, so that the train wheel body can be smoothly placed in the accommodating cavity; in the processing process, however, the deviation of the processing position of the train wheel body caused by the shaking of the train wheel body in the accommodating cavity is avoided; therefore, the second pressing device arranged on the limiting device is used for filling a gap between the inner wall of the accommodating cavity and the train wheel body, and further reducing a gap between the train wheel body and the accommodating cavity, so that the position of the train wheel body can be stably limited in the machining process, the shaking condition of the train wheel body in the machining process is reduced, and the machining efficiency of the train wheel body in the machining process is improved.
When the second pressing device works, the telescopic end is connected with the push rod of the first linear driver, one end, far away from the push rod of the first linear driver, of the telescopic end is connected with a first pressing block, and the first pressing block is used for penetrating through the first through hole in the first L-shaped connecting plate and pressing the first pressing block to two surfaces of the train wheel body;
when the first pressing block moves downwards along with the telescopic end, a second pressing device connected to one side of the telescopic end is started at the same time, when the second pressing device works, the third connecting rod moves downwards along with the telescopic end through the hinge piece, a fourth connecting rod hinged to the other end of the third connecting rod can be pulled open along with the movement of the third connecting rod and the hinge position of the third connecting rod, and one end, far away from the third connecting rod, of the fourth connecting rod and one end, hinged to the hinge piece, of the third connecting rod tend to be at the same horizontal position; when the third connecting rod swings, the second connecting rod connected with the third connecting rod slides on the first movable groove from left to right along with the movement of the third connecting rod; in the sliding process of the second connecting rod, the first connecting rod connected with the other end of the second connecting rod is carried together to move, so that the first connecting rod is overturned from a horizontal state through the hinging of the second L-shaped connecting plate, and in the overturning process, an angle between a fifth connecting rod hinged with the first connecting rod and the first connecting rod is changed, so that the fifth connecting rod and the first connecting rod are pulled apart;
at this time, the second pressing block is pushed by the fifth connecting rod and the fourth connecting rod, and in fig. 7, the second pressing block moves from right to left; the first connecting rod is erected on the first L-shaped connecting plate by the second L-shaped connecting plate, so that the second pressing block can move in the horizontal direction and the vertical direction when being pressed downwards from the upper part of the first L-shaped connecting plate to the inner wall of the containing cavity, and the second pressing block can be inserted into the gap after being translated to the upper part of the gap to be filled and then moved downwards, and the purpose of filling the gap between the train wheel body and the containing cavity is achieved;
according to the illustration in fig. 10, one surface of the second pressing block, which is close to the first L-shaped connecting plate, is provided with an inclined surface, the high end of the inclined surface is close to the telescopic end, and the low surface of the inclined surface is close to one end of the second pressing block, which is inserted into the gap, so that the second pressing block can further press the outer surface of the train wheel body through the inclined surface while filling the gap between the cavity and the train wheel body, and the purposes of multiple pressing and limiting are achieved;
the second pressing blocks can form an L-shaped structure through the inclined surface, and the pressing devices are correspondingly arranged on the limiting device in pairs, so that the second pressing blocks of the second pressing devices are correspondingly arranged in four groups, the pressing devices connected with the first linear driver are used for pressing the surfaces of the train wheel bodies on two sides of the sliding chute, and the second pressing blocks mainly limit the gap between the train wheel body close to the second linear driver and one end close to the bearing seat and the containing cavity; therefore, the L-shaped structure formed by the inclined surface of the second pressing block can realize the purpose of gap filling and pressing on two sides of the train wheel body close to the bearing seat and the second linear driver, so that the purposes of multiple limiting and pressing are realized, and the stability of the train wheel body in the machining process is effectively improved.
In one embodiment, according to fig. 9, the telescopic end 23 is connected to the first pressing block 21 through a pressing rod 22, the telescopic end 23 is provided with a U-shaped structure, an opening of the U-shaped structure is far away from the pressing rod 22, a punching device 38 and an adsorption device are arranged in the U-shaped structure, a second movable groove 40 is arranged on the pressing rod 22 and the first pressing block 21 in a penetrating manner, an adsorption channel 42 with an annular structure is sleeved outside the second movable groove 40, and one end of the adsorption channel 42, which is close to the telescopic end 23, is connected to the adsorption device; a sixth connecting rod 39 is arranged at one end of the punching device 38 close to the second movable groove 40, a drill 41 is arranged at one end of the sixth connecting rod 39 far away from the punching device 38, and the sixth connecting rod 39 is of a multi-connecting-rod structure which comprises a plurality of connecting rods which are sequentially sleeved and clamped; a material guide groove 29 is formed in one surface, close to the telescopic end 23, of the second pressing block 27, the bottom of the material guide groove 29 is an inclined surface, and one end, close to the first pressing block 21, of the material guide groove 29 is higher than one end, close to the third reinforcing rod 12, of the material guide groove 29; the material guide chute 29 is used for receiving the waste material released from the adsorption channel 42.
The train wheel body needs to be fixed and processed, the train wheel body needs to be punched in the processing process, a penetrating second movable groove is formed in the pressing rod, after the surface of the train wheel body is pressed by the first pressing block, a drill bit of the punching device is driven by the telescopic sixth connecting rod and extends from the telescopic end of the second movable groove to the direction of the first pressing block, and therefore the purpose that the drill bit reaches the surface of the train wheel body and further punches the train wheel body is achieved;
in the punching process, waste materials generated by punching are further adsorbed by utilizing an adsorption channel arranged on the pressure lever; after the punching is finished, the processing of the train wheel body is finished; in the process of loosening the first pressing block and the second pressing block, the guide chute arranged on the second pressing block can reach the position below the first pressing block according to the movement, namely the adsorption channel can face the guide chute; the adsorption device is a pump, the pump blows air at the moment and discharges adsorbed waste materials to a guide chute, an inclined surface is arranged in the guide chute, the high end of the inclined surface is close to the adsorption channel, and the low end of the inclined surface is close to one end of the second pressing block for filling the gap; therefore, the waste materials discharged by the adsorption channel can be led out through the guide chute, and the condition that the surface of the train wheel body is damaged due to waste material accumulation in the machining process of the train wheel body is reduced; and when the train wheel body is to be removed, the adsorbed waste materials are discharged, and when the waste materials are discharged by the guide chute, the waste materials are discharged by the guide chute through a gap between the containing cavity and the train wheel body, so that the damage of the waste materials to the surface of the train wheel body is reduced.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, if such modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention and their equivalents, the present invention is also intended to include such modifications and variations.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides an automatic upset machine of train wheel which characterized in that includes: the outer frame comprises two first square frames and a plurality of second reinforcing rods, the first square frames are connected through the second reinforcing rods to form a square body,
the inner part of the first square frame is further provided with a first reinforcing rod, the first reinforcing rod and the upper surface of the first square frame are rotatably connected with a roll-over stand, and the roll-over stand is detachably connected with a train wheel body.
2. The automatic train wheel turnover machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein first rotating shafts extending outwards are arranged on two sides of the turnover frame, and the first rotating shafts are rotatably connected with the first square frame and the upper surface of the first reinforcing rod through bearing seats;
one side of the first reinforcing rod, which is far away from the roll-over stand, is provided with a motor, and the driving end of the motor is connected with a first rotating shaft on the first reinforcing rod.
3. The automatic train wheel turnover machine as claimed in claim 2, wherein said turnover frame includes two second square frames and a plurality of fourth connecting plates, said second square frames are connected through at least four fourth connecting plates, said fourth connecting plates are fixedly connected with said first rotating shaft;
a third reinforcing rod is further arranged on the second square frame, and a train wheel body is accommodated between the third reinforcing rod and the second square frame;
a limiting device is further arranged on the second square frame in a sliding mode, one end of the limiting device is connected with the driving end of a second linear driver, and the fixed end of the second linear driver is connected with the inner wall of the second square frame;
the inner wall of the second square frame of the adjacent second linear driver is provided with a sliding groove, two sides of the limiting device, which are close to the sliding groove, are provided with pulleys, the pulleys are located in the sliding groove to reciprocate, and the limiting device is used for clamping the train wheel body in a cavity formed between the second square frame and the third reinforcing rod.
4. The automatic train wheel turnover machine as claimed in claim 3, wherein said stop means comprise at least two sets, and said two sets of stop means are symmetrically disposed in said second square frame;
the stop device includes: the U-shaped groove opening of the U-shaped supporting plate faces the inside of the second square frame, the first L-shaped connecting plates are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the U-shaped supporting plate respectively, the opening of each first L-shaped connecting plate faces the outside of the second square frame, and pulleys are symmetrically arranged on one face, far away from the U-shaped supporting plate, of each first L-shaped connecting plate;
a third connecting plate is arranged on one side, close to the third reinforcing plate, of the U-shaped supporting plate and is used for being connected with a driving end of the second linear driver;
one end of the second connecting plate is connected to the upper surface of the U-shaped supporting plate, the other end of the second connecting plate extends to the upper surface of the first L-shaped connecting plate, a pressing device is arranged between the second connecting plate and the first L-shaped connecting plate,
and the first L connecting plate is provided with a first through hole, and the first through hole is used for the pressing device to press the train wheel body in the containing cavity.
5. The automatic train wheel turnover machine as claimed in claim 4, wherein said pressing means comprises: a first linear driver and a first pressure block,
the first linear driver is fixed on the second connecting plate, a push rod of the first linear driver penetrates through the second connecting plate and extends towards the first L connecting plate, the push rod of the first linear driver is connected with a first pressing block, the first pressing block penetrates through the first through hole and extends into the containing cavity of the turnover frame, and the first pressing block is used for pressing the train wheel body in the containing cavity.
6. The train wheel automatic tilter of claim 1, wherein the outer frame and the tilter are welded together by channel steel, and the length of the outer frame is: 2900mm, width: 1800 mm; the thickness is as follows: 1090 mm.
7. The automatic train wheel turnover machine as claimed in claim 5, wherein first link plates are symmetrically arranged on both sides of said second link plate, and said first link plates are used for fixing said second link plate and said first L link plate as a whole.
8. The automatic train wheel turnover machine of claim 5, wherein said compression means further comprises a second compression means located on one side of said telescoping end, said second compression means including a second press block, a first link and a third link,
one side of the telescopic end, which is close to the third reinforcing rod, extends downwards to form a hinge piece, the hinge piece is connected with a third connecting rod in a rotating mode, the other end of the third connecting rod is connected with a fourth connecting rod in a rotating mode through a second hinge shaft, and one end, which is far away from the third connecting rod, of the fourth connecting rod is connected to one side, which is close to the U-shaped supporting plate, of the second pressing block in a rotating mode through a first hinge shaft;
a first movable groove is arranged on the second pressing block in a penetrating manner, a second connecting rod is rotatably arranged on one surface, close to the second pressing block, of the third connecting rod, the second connecting rod penetrates through the second movable groove and extends to the other side of the second pressing block, the other side of the second pressing block is positioned on one side, away from the pulley, of the first L-shaped connecting plate,
one end of the second connecting rod, which is far away from the third connecting rod, is rotatably connected to one surface of the first connecting rod, one end of the first connecting rod is hinged to one panel of the second L-shaped connecting plate, and the other panel of the second L-shaped connecting plate is fixed to the upper surface of the first L-shaped connecting plate; the other end of the first connecting rod is rotatably connected with a fifth connecting rod through a second hinge shaft, and the other end of the fifth connecting rod is hinged to one side, close to the pulley, of the second pressing block;
one side, close to the first L-shaped connecting plate, of the second pressing block is provided with a groove, and the groove is used for enabling one end, close to the third reinforcing rod, of the second pressing block to be inserted into a gap between the third reinforcing rod and the train wheel body.
9. The automatic train wheel turnover machine as claimed in claim 8, wherein the telescopic end is connected with the first pressing block through a pressing rod, the telescopic end is set to be a U-shaped structure, an opening of the U-shaped structure is far away from the pressing rod, a punching device and an adsorption device are arranged in the U-shaped structure, a second movable groove penetrates through the pressing rod and the first pressing block, an adsorption channel of an annular structure is sleeved outside the second movable groove, and one end of the adsorption channel, which is close to the telescopic end, is connected with the adsorption device;
a sixth connecting rod is arranged at one end, close to the second movable groove, of the punching device, a drill bit is arranged at one end, far away from the punching device, of the sixth connecting rod, and the sixth connecting rod is of a multi-connecting-rod structure which comprises a plurality of connecting rods which are sequentially sleeved and clamped;
a guide chute is arranged on one surface, close to the telescopic end, of the second pressing block, the bottom of the guide chute is an inclined surface, and one end, close to the first pressing block, of the guide chute is higher than one end, close to the third reinforcing rod, of the guide chute;
the guide chute is used for receiving the waste materials released by the adsorption channel.
CN202010823949.7A 2020-08-17 2020-08-17 Automatic turnover machine for train wheels Pending CN111960073A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010823949.7A CN111960073A (en) 2020-08-17 2020-08-17 Automatic turnover machine for train wheels

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010823949.7A CN111960073A (en) 2020-08-17 2020-08-17 Automatic turnover machine for train wheels

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111960073A true CN111960073A (en) 2020-11-20

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010823949.7A Pending CN111960073A (en) 2020-08-17 2020-08-17 Automatic turnover machine for train wheels

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Country Link
CN (1) CN111960073A (en)

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07185701A (en) * 1993-12-24 1995-07-25 Kobayashi Hansou Kiki:Kk Work reversing device
CN205662043U (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-10-26 广州汉东工业自动化装备有限公司 Adj. tabular material roll -over table
CN207482828U (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-06-12 浙江元集新材料科技股份有限公司 A kind of steel plate tipper
CN208292183U (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-12-28 泉州恒利达工程机械有限公司 A kind of mould dumping gear
CN209720954U (en) * 2019-04-24 2019-12-03 哈尔滨工业大学 A kind of more specification train wheel automatic transporting mechanisms
CN111319955A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-06-23 河北京车轨道交通车辆装备有限公司 Brake control module tipping arrangement
CN211225315U (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-08-11 湖北大冶汉龙汽车有限公司 Auxiliary frame turnover device
CN212825199U (en) * 2020-07-01 2021-03-30 江苏昱博自动化设备有限公司 Wheel fixing device for automatic train wheel overturning machine

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07185701A (en) * 1993-12-24 1995-07-25 Kobayashi Hansou Kiki:Kk Work reversing device
CN205662043U (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-10-26 广州汉东工业自动化装备有限公司 Adj. tabular material roll -over table
CN207482828U (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-06-12 浙江元集新材料科技股份有限公司 A kind of steel plate tipper
CN208292183U (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-12-28 泉州恒利达工程机械有限公司 A kind of mould dumping gear
CN209720954U (en) * 2019-04-24 2019-12-03 哈尔滨工业大学 A kind of more specification train wheel automatic transporting mechanisms
CN211225315U (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-08-11 湖北大冶汉龙汽车有限公司 Auxiliary frame turnover device
CN111319955A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-06-23 河北京车轨道交通车辆装备有限公司 Brake control module tipping arrangement
CN212825199U (en) * 2020-07-01 2021-03-30 江苏昱博自动化设备有限公司 Wheel fixing device for automatic train wheel overturning machine

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