CN111942068A - Full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine and engraving and milling process thereof - Google Patents

Full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine and engraving and milling process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111942068A
CN111942068A CN202010957512.2A CN202010957512A CN111942068A CN 111942068 A CN111942068 A CN 111942068A CN 202010957512 A CN202010957512 A CN 202010957512A CN 111942068 A CN111942068 A CN 111942068A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
assembly
engraving
conveying
sheet
glass
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Pending
Application number
CN202010957512.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘秋阳
王昌环
乐绪会
梁志伟
谢舒嵋
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Shenzhen Nuofeng Photoelectric Equipment Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Nuofeng Photoelectric Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202010957512.2A priority Critical patent/CN111942068A/en
Publication of CN111942068A publication Critical patent/CN111942068A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B1/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B1/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models
    • B44B1/06Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B3/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled substantially two- dimensionally for carving, engraving, or guilloching shallow ornamenting or markings
    • B44B3/02Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled substantially two- dimensionally for carving, engraving, or guilloching shallow ornamenting or markings wherein plane surfaces are worked
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B3/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled substantially two- dimensionally for carving, engraving, or guilloching shallow ornamenting or markings
    • B44B3/06Accessories, e.g. tool or work holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B3/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled substantially two- dimensionally for carving, engraving, or guilloching shallow ornamenting or markings
    • B44B3/06Accessories, e.g. tool or work holders
    • B44B3/065Work holders

Abstract

The invention discloses a full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine and an engraving and milling process thereof, wherein the full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine comprises a supporting platform, a material rack, a material taking assembly, an engraving and milling carrier, an engraving and milling head, a feeding and discharging assembly, a sheet stock conveying assembly and a transferring assembly, wherein the supporting platform is provided with an engraving and milling platform, the engraving and milling carrier is arranged on the engraving and milling platform, and a glass sheet to be engraved is placed on the engraving and milling carrier; the upper part of the fine carving carrier is correspondingly provided with a fine carving head; the material rack is arranged on one side of the fine carving platform; the material taking assembly is arranged above the material rack; the sheet material conveying assembly is arranged on the side part of the fine carving platform along the linear direction; the feeding and discharging assembly is arranged between the sheet material conveying assembly and the engraving and milling platform in a spanning mode; the transfer component is arranged at the blanking end of the sheet material conveying component, and takes out the glass sheet on the sheet material conveying component and transfers the glass sheet to the next work station. The automatic multi-glass sheet feeding and discharging device realizes the integration of a multi-glass sheet engraving function by a single device, solves the problems of automatic material taking and sheet sticking prevention of multiple glass sheets, and has the functions of automatic multi-glass sheet feeding, material changing and discharging and automatic glass sheet transferring and discharging.

Description

Full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine and engraving and milling process thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of automatic manufacturing, in particular to a full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine and an engraving and milling process thereof.
Background
The glass display screen is an important component in intelligent terminal equipment such as a mobile phone, and in recent years, along with the upgrading and updating of products, a 3D screen appears, and the 3D screen is different from a traditional plane screen in that the side edge or other parts of the 3D screen form various shapes such as bulges, depressions and curved surfaces, so that the whole screen is not in the same plane; the existing process can only obtain the screen panel glass sheet with a planar structure; therefore, in order to manufacture the traditional plane glass sheet into the 3D glass sheet, additional processing processes such as an engraving process and a hot pressing process are required, wherein the engraving process performs polishing and engraving on the surface of the plane glass by a specially designed blade through rotating motion to obtain the 3D glass; and in the hot pressing process, the 3D glass is obtained by heating and softening the plane glass sheet and then pressing the plane glass sheet by a mold.
The engraving and milling machine is the core equipment for automatically manufacturing 3D glass. The following technical difficult problems need to be solved for effectively improving the engraving efficiency: 1. the problem of integrated fine engraving of a plurality of pieces of glass is solved by a single fine engraving machine; 2. the automatic feeding and discharging problem of a plurality of pieces of glass; 3. the glass automatically takes materials and prevents the sticking; 4. the automatic conveying and blanking problem of glass.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of the prior art, and provides a full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine which realizes the integration of a plurality of pieces of glass engraving function by a single device, solves the problems of automatic material taking and sheet sticking prevention of a plurality of pieces of glass, and has the functions of automatic multi-piece glass feeding, material changing and discharging and automatic glass piece transferring and discharging, and an engraving and milling process thereof.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: a full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine comprises a supporting platform, a material rack, a material taking assembly, an engraving and milling carrier, an engraving and milling head, a feeding and discharging assembly, a sheet material conveying assembly and a transferring assembly, wherein the supporting platform is horizontally arranged, the engraving and milling platform is arranged on the supporting platform, the engraving and milling carrier is arranged on the engraving and milling platform, and a glass sheet to be engraved is placed on the engraving and milling carrier; the upper part of the fine carving carrier is correspondingly provided with a fine carving head; the material rest is arranged on one side of the fine carving platform, and glass sheets to be finely carved are stacked in the material rest; the material taking assembly is arranged above the material rack; the sheet material conveying assembly is arranged on the side part of the fine carving platform along the linear direction; the feeding and discharging assembly is arranged between the sheet material conveying assembly and the engraving and milling platform in a spanning mode; the material taking assembly takes out the glass sheets from the material rack and then places the glass sheets on the sheet material conveying assembly, the material feeding and discharging assembly simultaneously sucks a plurality of glass sheets from the sheet material conveying assembly, the glass sheets are turned to the other side, the glass sheets after finishing engraving on the finishing engraving carrier are taken out and turned back to the starting surface, the glass sheets are placed on the corresponding finishing engraving carrier, and the glass sheets after finishing engraving are placed back to the sheet material conveying assembly; the moving and carrying assembly is arranged at the blanking end of the sheet material conveying assembly, and the moving and carrying assembly takes out the glass sheet on the sheet material conveying assembly and transfers the glass sheet to the next work station.
Preferably, the material rest comprises a material seat and a limiting plate, wherein the material seat is horizontally arranged, and the material seat is provided with mounting sliding grooves along the transverse direction and the longitudinal direction; the limiting plates comprise at least two limiting plates, the limiting plates are vertically and slidably arranged in the mounting chutes, sheet stock placing spaces are formed among the limiting plates, and the limiting plates are slid to adjust the length and the width of the sheet stock placing spaces.
Preferably, the material taking assembly comprises a material taking module, a material taking lifting cylinder, a material taking support plate, a material taking adjusting plate, a material taking suction nozzle and a material blowing air nozzle, wherein the material taking module is horizontally arranged, and the material taking lifting cylinder is vertically connected to the output end of the material taking module and is driven by the material taking module to linearly move; the material taking support plate is horizontally connected to the lower end of the material taking lifting cylinder, and the material taking adjusting plate is rotatably connected to the material taking support plate; the material taking suction nozzle and the material blowing air nozzle are respectively arranged on the material taking adjusting plate, the material blowing air nozzle is arranged in the direction towards the material taking suction nozzle, and after the glass sheet is taken out of the material rack by the material taking suction nozzle, air is blown through the material blowing air nozzle, so that the taken glass sheet is prevented from being bonded up and down.
Preferably, the feeding and discharging assembly comprises a support, a moving assembly, a turning support rod, a suction seat and a feeding and discharging suction nozzle, wherein the support is arranged along the side direction of the sheet material conveying assembly, and the moving assembly is arranged on the support; the overturning assembly is arranged at the lower end of the moving assembly and is driven by the moving assembly to linearly move along the horizontal direction and the vertical direction; the turnover support rod is horizontally connected to the output end of the turnover component along the side edge direction of the sheet material conveying component and is driven by the turnover component to rotate; the suction seats comprise at least two suction seats, the suction seats are horizontally arranged on the overturning supporting rod at intervals, the front surface and the back surface of each suction seat are respectively provided with a discharging suction nozzle, and the suction seats drive the discharging suction nozzles to perform overturning motion so as to adsorb glass sheets from the sheet material conveying assembly or the finishing carving carrier.
Preferably, the moving assembly comprises a linear module and a lifting module, wherein the linear module horizontally extends to the upper part of the engraving jig along the direction vertical to the support; the lifting module is vertically connected to the output end of the linear module; the overturning assembly comprises an overturning motor, the overturning motor is connected to the output end of the lifting module, and the lifting module drives the overturning motor to move up and down; the turnover support rod is horizontally connected to the output end of the turnover motor and is driven by the turnover motor to rotate.
Preferably, the sheet material conveying assembly comprises at least two conveying supports, a width adjusting assembly, a conveying rail bar and a conveying assembly, wherein the conveying supports are arranged on the outer side of the engraving and milling carrier in parallel at intervals; the width adjusting assembly is arranged on the conveying bracket; the conveying rails comprise a first conveying rail and a second conveying rail, and the two conveying rails are arranged on the conveying bracket in parallel at intervals; the conveying assembly is arranged on the conveying rail bar, and the glass sheets to be conveyed are placed on the conveying assembly and conveyed forwards linearly through the conveying assembly.
Preferably, the width adjusting assembly comprises a guide rail, a guide seat and a fixing cap, wherein the guide rail is arranged on the conveying bracket; the guide seat is slidably sleeved on the guide rail, a support seat with an L-shaped structure is arranged on the guide seat, and the conveying rail bar is fixedly arranged on the support seat; the fixing cap is arranged on the side part of the guide seat and can penetrate into the guide seat in a rotating mode, and the guide seat and the guide rail are fixed by rotating the fixing cap.
Preferably, the conveying assembly comprises a conveying motor, a transmission gear, a conveying belt and a connecting roller shaft, wherein the conveying belt comprises two conveying belts, the two conveying belts are respectively arranged at the inner sides of the two conveying rails and tensioned by a tensioning wheel; the connecting roll shaft is connected to the tensioning wheels of the two conveyer belts; the transmission gear is arranged at the end part connected with the roll shaft; above-mentioned conveying motor sets up in one side of driving gear, and the output is connected with the driving gear tooth, and conveying motor passes through the driving gear drive and connects roller rotary motion, connects the roller drive and connects the take-up pulley rotation on it to the drive conveyer belt moves forward, conveys the glass piece.
Preferably, the transferring component comprises a driving seat, a lifting cylinder, a fine adjustment cylinder and a transferring suction nozzle, wherein the driving seat is arranged at the blanking end of the sheet material conveying component; the lifting cylinder is vertically connected to the output end of the driving seat and is driven by the driving seat to move linearly; the fine adjustment cylinder is connected to the output end of the lifting cylinder and driven by the lifting cylinder to move up and down, the output end of the fine adjustment cylinder is connected with a support plate, and the support plate is provided with at least two load transferring suction nozzles.
An engraving process of a full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine comprises the following process steps:
s1, material storage: stacking glass sheets to be processed in the material frame;
s2, taking materials: the material taking assembly takes the glass sheet in the step S1 out of the material rack and blows the glass sheet;
s3, discharging: step S2, the material taking component sequentially places the taken glass sheets on the sheet material conveying component;
s4, blanking: synchronously adsorbing a plurality of glass sheets from the sheet material conveying assembly on one side of the feeding and discharging assembly, turning the glass sheets for 180 degrees, and placing the glass sheets subjected to finish engraving adsorbed on the other side on the sheet material conveying assembly;
s5, feeding: step S3, moving the feeding and discharging assembly above the finishing carving carrier, adsorbing the glass sheet after finishing carving from the finishing carving carrier, turning the glass sheet for finishing carving by 180 degrees, placing the adsorbed glass sheet to be finished carving on the finishing carving carrier, and circularly feeding and discharging in this way;
s6, fine carving: step S5, after the feeding and discharging assembly places the glass sheet to be carved on the carving carrier, the carving head carries out carving processing on the glass sheet, and the glass sheet is taken out and placed on the sheet material transmission assembly through the feeding and discharging assembly in step S4 after being processed;
s7, glass sheet transfer: in step S6, the glass sheet conveying assembly conveys the glass sheet after finishing engraving to the transfer assembly, and the glass sheet is transferred to the next processing station by the transfer assembly.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
aiming at the defects and shortcomings in the prior art, the invention independently develops and designs the full-automatic high-speed engraving machine which realizes the integration of a plurality of pieces of glass engraving function by a single device, solves the problems of automatic material taking and sheet sticking prevention of a plurality of pieces of glass and has the functions of automatic multi-piece glass feeding, material changing and discharging and automatic glass piece transferring and discharging and the engraving process thereof.
The whole process flow of the invention comprises: s1, material storage: stacking glass sheets to be processed in the material frame; s2, taking materials: the material taking assembly takes the glass sheet in the step S1 out of the material rack and blows the glass sheet; s3, discharging: step S2, the material taking component sequentially places the taken glass sheets on the sheet material conveying component; s4, blanking: synchronously adsorbing a plurality of glass sheets from the sheet material conveying assembly on one side of the feeding and discharging assembly, turning the glass sheets for 180 degrees, and placing the glass sheets subjected to finish engraving adsorbed on the other side on the sheet material conveying assembly; s5, feeding: step S3, moving the feeding and discharging assembly above the finishing carving carrier, adsorbing the glass sheet after finishing carving from the finishing carving carrier, turning the glass sheet for finishing carving by 180 degrees, placing the adsorbed glass sheet to be finished carving on the finishing carving carrier, and circularly feeding and discharging in this way; s6, fine carving: step S5, after the feeding and discharging assembly places the glass sheet to be carved on the carving carrier, the carving head carries out carving processing on the glass sheet, and the glass sheet is taken out and placed on the sheet material transmission assembly through the feeding and discharging assembly in step S4 after being processed; s7, glass sheet transfer: in step S6, the glass sheet conveying assembly conveys the glass sheet after finishing engraving to the transfer assembly, and the glass sheet is transferred to the next processing station by the transfer assembly.
The invention is designed with a material rack and a material taking component, wherein the material rack is used as a limiting component through a limiting plate which is arranged on a material seat in a sliding way, and a plurality of limiting plates form a sheet material placing space with adjustable width and length so as to stack a plurality of glass sheets to be processed up and down. The material taking assembly arranged on the side part of the material rack takes out stacked glass sheets from the material rack in a vacuum adsorption mode, and simultaneously blows high-pressure gas from the side part through the material blowing nozzle on the side part of the material taking suction nozzle of the material taking assembly, so that a plurality of glass sheets adhered together during material taking are blown away, and the sheet sticking condition is avoided.
The invention is designed with a sheet material conveying component, the sheet material conveying component uses a first conveying rail bar and a second conveying rail bar which are arranged in parallel at intervals as bearing parts, the inner sides of the two conveying rail bars are provided with conveying belts in a tensioning mode in the same direction through tensioning wheels, and the tensioning wheels between the two conveying belts are connected through connecting roller shafts. The glass sheets taken out by the material taking assembly are placed on the two conveying belts. The conveying motor arranged on the outer side of the conveying rail bar drives the connecting roller shaft to rotate through the transmission gear, and the connecting roller shaft drives the two conveying belts to synchronously and linearly move so as to convey the glass sheets forwards. Particularly, the first conveying rail bar and the second conveying rail bar are arranged on the bracket and are connected with the cylindrical guide rail arranged on the bracket in a sliding mode, the first conveying rail bar and the second conveying rail bar can adjust the space in real time according to the width of the conveyed glass sheet through the structural design, and the fixing is realized through the rotary pressing of the fixing caps after the space is adjusted.
The glass sheet feeding and discharging device is provided with a feeding and discharging assembly used for taking out a plurality of glass sheets to be carved synchronously, taking out a plurality of carved glass sheets synchronously on a plurality of carving carriers, placing the glass sheets to be carved on the vacant carving carriers, and simultaneously, putting the carved glass sheets back onto the sheet material conveying assembly again and conveying the glass sheets to a next work station through the sheet material conveying assembly. In order to realize the functions, the feeding and discharging assembly takes a horizontally arranged overturning support rod as a supporting carrier, the overturning support rod is driven by an overturning motor to rotate, a plurality of suction seats are arranged on the overturning support rod in parallel at intervals corresponding to the arrangement position of the engraving carrier, the interior of each suction seat is of an air cavity structure, and the front surface and the back surface of each suction seat are respectively provided with a plurality of feeding suction nozzles. When the automatic glass sheet processing device works, the overturning supporting rod drives the plurality of the absorbing seats to rotate synchronously, so that a glass sheet to be subjected to fine engraving is sucked on the sheet material conveying assembly on one side of the absorbing seats, the linear module drives the overturning supporting rod to move linearly to the fine engraving carrier integrally, the overturning supporting rod rotates 180 degrees so that the discharging suction nozzle on the other side of the absorbing seat sucks the glass sheet subjected to fine engraving from the fine engraving carrier, the linear module drives the overturning supporting rod to move linearly back to the sheet material conveying assembly integrally, the discharging suction nozzle on the other side of the overturning supporting rod puts the processed glass sheet back to the sheet material conveying assembly, and the glass sheet to be processed is sucked from the sheet material conveying assembly, and the automatic back-and-forth circular transfer of the glass sheet between the sheet material conveying assembly and the fine engraving.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the second embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a third schematic perspective view of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a fourth schematic view of the three-dimensional structure of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is one of the structural diagrams of the components of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a second schematic view of the component structure of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a third schematic view of the component structure of the present invention.
FIG. 8 is a fourth schematic view of the component structure of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic perspective view of the material rack and the material taking assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a second schematic perspective view of the rack and the reclaiming assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic perspective view of a loading/unloading assembly according to one embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a second schematic perspective view of the feeding and discharging assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a third schematic perspective view of the loading and unloading assembly of the present invention.
FIG. 14 is a perspective view of one embodiment of the sheet transport assembly of the present invention.
FIG. 15 is a second perspective view of the sheet conveying assembly of the present invention.
FIG. 16 is a third perspective view of the sheet conveying assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 17 is a schematic perspective view of a transfer assembly according to one embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 18 is a second schematic perspective view of the transfer assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 19 is a third schematic perspective view of the transfer assembly of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
as shown in fig. 1 to 19, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows: a full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine comprises a supporting platform 1, a material rack 2, a material taking assembly 3, an engraving and milling carrier 4, an engraving and milling head 5, a feeding and discharging assembly 6, a sheet material conveying assembly 7 and a transferring assembly 8, wherein the supporting platform 1 is horizontally arranged, the supporting platform 1 is provided with an engraving and milling platform, the engraving and milling carrier 4 is arranged on the engraving and milling platform, and a glass sheet to be engraved is placed on the engraving and milling carrier 4; a finishing impression head 5 is correspondingly arranged above the finishing impression carrier 4; the material rack 2 is arranged on one side of the fine carving platform, and glass sheets to be finely carved are stacked in the material rack 2; the material taking assembly 3 is arranged above the material rack 2; the sheet material conveying assembly 7 is arranged on the side part of the fine carving platform along the linear direction; the feeding and discharging assembly 6 is arranged between the sheet material conveying assembly 7 and the engraving and milling platform in a spanning mode; the material taking assembly 3 takes out the glass sheets from the material rack 2 and then places the glass sheets on the sheet material conveying assembly 7, the material feeding and discharging assembly 6 simultaneously sucks a plurality of glass sheets from the sheet material conveying assembly 7, the glass sheets are turned to the other side, the glass sheets after finishing engraving on the finishing engraving carriers 4 are taken out, the glass sheets are turned back to the starting surface, the glass sheets are placed on the corresponding finishing engraving carriers 4, and the glass sheets after finishing engraving are placed back to the sheet material conveying assembly 7; the transfer unit 8 is provided at the blanking end of the sheet material transfer unit 7, and the transfer unit 8 takes out the glass sheet on the sheet material transfer unit 7 and transfers the glass sheet to the next station.
The material rack 2 comprises a material seat 21 and a limiting plate 22, wherein the material seat 21 is horizontally arranged, and the material seat 21 is provided with mounting sliding grooves along the transverse direction and the longitudinal direction; the limiting plates 22 comprise at least two limiting plates, the limiting plates 22 are vertically and slidably arranged in the mounting chutes, sheet stock placing spaces are formed among the limiting plates 22, and the limiting plates 22 are slid to adjust the length and the width of the sheet stock placing spaces.
The material taking assembly 3 comprises a material taking module 31, a material taking lifting cylinder 32, a material taking support plate 33, a material taking adjusting plate 34, a material taking suction nozzle 35 and a material blowing suction nozzle 36, wherein the material taking module 31 is horizontally arranged, and the material taking lifting cylinder 32 is vertically connected to the output end of the material taking module 31 and is driven by the material taking module 31 to linearly move; the material taking support plate 33 is horizontally connected to the lower end of the material taking lifting cylinder 32, and the material taking adjusting plate 34 is rotatably connected to the material taking support plate 33; the material taking suction nozzle 35 and the material blowing air nozzle 36 are respectively arranged on the material taking adjusting plate 34, the material blowing air nozzle 36 is arranged in the direction towards the material taking suction nozzle 35, and after the material taking suction nozzle 35 takes out the glass sheets from the material rack 2, the glass sheets are blown through the material blowing air nozzle 36, so that the taken glass sheets are prevented from being bonded up and down.
The feeding and discharging assembly 6 comprises a support 61, a moving assembly, a turning support rod 65, a suction seat 66 and a feeding and discharging suction nozzle 67, wherein the support 61 is arranged along the side direction of the sheet material conveying assembly 7, and the moving assembly is arranged on the support 61; the overturning assembly is arranged at the lower end of the moving assembly and is driven by the moving assembly to linearly move along the horizontal direction and the vertical direction; the turnover support rod 65 is horizontally connected to the output end of the turnover component along the side direction of the sheet material conveying component 7 and is driven by the turnover component to rotate; the suction seats 66 comprise at least two suction seats 66, the suction seats 66 are horizontally arranged on the overturning support rod 65 at intervals, the front surface and the back surface of each suction seat 66 are respectively provided with a blanking suction nozzle 67, and the suction seats 66 drive the blanking suction nozzles 67 to perform overturning motion so as to adsorb glass sheets from the sheet material conveying assembly 7 or the engraving and finishing carrier 4.
The moving assembly comprises a linear module 62 and a lifting module 63, wherein the linear module 62 horizontally extends to the upper part of the engraving jig 4 along the direction vertical to the bracket 61; the lifting module 63 is vertically connected to the output end of the linear module 62; the overturning assembly comprises an overturning motor 64, the overturning motor 64 is connected to the output end of the lifting module 63, and the lifting module 63 drives the overturning motor 64 to move up and down; the turning pole 65 is horizontally connected to an output end of the turning motor 64 and is driven to rotate by the turning motor 64.
The sheet material conveying assembly 7 comprises at least two conveying supports 71, a width adjusting assembly, a conveying rail bar and conveying assemblies, wherein the conveying supports 71 are arranged on the outer side of the engraving and milling carrier 4 in parallel at intervals; the width adjusting assembly is arranged on the conveying bracket 71; the transfer rails include a first transfer rail 75 and a second transfer rail 76, which are disposed in parallel on the transfer rack 71 at an interval; the conveying assembly is arranged on the conveying rail bar, and the glass sheets to be conveyed are placed on the conveying assembly and conveyed forwards linearly through the conveying assembly.
The width adjusting assembly comprises a guide rail 72, a guide seat 73 and a fixing cap 74, wherein the guide rail 72 is arranged on the conveying bracket 71; the guide seat 73 is slidably sleeved on the guide rail 72, a support seat with an L-shaped structure is arranged on the guide seat 73, and the conveying rail bar is fixedly arranged on the support seat; the fixing cap 74 is disposed at a side portion of the guide holder 73 and rotatably inserted into the guide holder 73, and the guide holder 73 is fixed to the guide rail 72 by rotating the fixing cap 74.
The conveying assembly comprises a conveying motor 77, a transmission gear 78, a conveying belt 79 and a connecting roller shaft, wherein the conveying belt 79 comprises two belts, and the two conveying belts 79 are respectively arranged on the inner sides of the two conveying rails and tensioned by a tensioning wheel; the connecting roll shafts are connected to tension wheels of the two conveyer belts 79; the transmission gear 78 is provided at an end portion connected to the roller shaft; the conveying motor 77 is arranged on one side of the transmission gear 78, the output end of the conveying motor is in tooth connection with the transmission gear 78, the conveying motor 77 is in driving connection with the roller shaft through the transmission gear 78, the connection roller shaft drives the tension wheel connected to the connection roller shaft to rotate, so that the conveying belt 79 is driven to move forwards to convey glass sheets.
The transferring component 8 comprises a driving seat 81, a lifting cylinder 82, a fine adjustment cylinder 83 and a transferring suction nozzle 84, wherein the driving seat 81 is arranged at the discharging end of the sheet material conveying component 7; the lifting cylinder 82 is vertically connected to the output end of the driving seat 81 and is driven by the driving seat 81 to move linearly; the fine adjustment cylinder 83 is connected to the output end of the lifting cylinder 82 and is driven by the lifting cylinder 82 to move up and down, the output end of the fine adjustment cylinder 83 is connected to a support plate, and the support plate is provided with at least two transfer suction nozzles 84.
The lower part of the support table 1 is also provided with a cooling liquid circulation box 9, cooling liquid flowing out from the support table 1 in the engraving and finishing process enters the cooling liquid circulation box 9, the cooling liquid is subjected to multi-layer filtration and precipitation by the cooling liquid circulation box 9, and then the cooling liquid after filtration and precipitation is guided back to the support table 1 by a water pump for engraving and finishing, and a cooling liquid circulation loop is formed by circulation.
An engraving process of a full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine comprises the following process steps:
s1, material storage: stacking glass sheets to be processed in the material frame;
s2, taking materials: the material taking assembly takes the glass sheet in the step S1 out of the material rack and blows the glass sheet;
s3, discharging: step S2, the material taking component sequentially places the taken glass sheets on the sheet material conveying component;
s4, blanking: synchronously adsorbing a plurality of glass sheets from the sheet material conveying assembly on one side of the feeding and discharging assembly, turning the glass sheets for 180 degrees, and placing the glass sheets subjected to finish engraving adsorbed on the other side on the sheet material conveying assembly;
s5, feeding: step S3, moving the feeding and discharging assembly above the finishing carving carrier, adsorbing the glass sheet after finishing carving from the finishing carving carrier, turning the glass sheet for finishing carving by 180 degrees, placing the adsorbed glass sheet to be finished carving on the finishing carving carrier, and circularly feeding and discharging in this way;
s6, fine carving: step S5, after the feeding and discharging assembly places the glass sheet to be carved on the carving carrier, the carving head carries out carving processing on the glass sheet, and the glass sheet is taken out and placed on the sheet material transmission assembly through the feeding and discharging assembly in step S4 after being processed;
s7, glass sheet transfer: in step S6, the glass sheet conveying assembly conveys the glass sheet after finishing engraving to the transfer assembly, and the glass sheet is transferred to the next processing station by the transfer assembly.
Furthermore, the invention designs a full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine which realizes the integration of a plurality of pieces of glass engraving function by a single device, solves the problems of automatic material taking and sheet sticking prevention of a plurality of pieces of glass, and has the functions of automatic loading, material changing and discharging of a plurality of pieces of glass and automatic transfer discharging of the glass sheets, and an engraving and milling process thereof. The whole process flow of the invention comprises: s1, material storage: stacking glass sheets to be processed in the material frame; s2, taking materials: the material taking assembly takes the glass sheet in the step S1 out of the material rack and blows the glass sheet; s3, discharging: step S2, the material taking component sequentially places the taken glass sheets on the sheet material conveying component; s4, blanking: synchronously adsorbing a plurality of glass sheets from the sheet material conveying assembly on one side of the feeding and discharging assembly, turning the glass sheets for 180 degrees, and placing the glass sheets subjected to finish engraving adsorbed on the other side on the sheet material conveying assembly; s5, feeding: step S3, moving the feeding and discharging assembly above the finishing carving carrier, adsorbing the glass sheet after finishing carving from the finishing carving carrier, turning the glass sheet for finishing carving by 180 degrees, placing the adsorbed glass sheet to be finished carving on the finishing carving carrier, and circularly feeding and discharging in this way; s6, fine carving: step S5, after the feeding and discharging assembly places the glass sheet to be carved on the carving carrier, the carving head carries out carving processing on the glass sheet, and the glass sheet is taken out and placed on the sheet material transmission assembly through the feeding and discharging assembly in step S4 after being processed; s7, glass sheet transfer: in step S6, the glass sheet conveying assembly conveys the glass sheet after finishing engraving to the transfer assembly, and the glass sheet is transferred to the next processing station by the transfer assembly. The invention is designed with a material rack and a material taking component, wherein the material rack is used as a limiting component through a limiting plate which is arranged on a material seat in a sliding way, and a plurality of limiting plates form a sheet material placing space with adjustable width and length so as to stack a plurality of glass sheets to be processed up and down. The material taking assembly arranged on the side part of the material rack takes out stacked glass sheets from the material rack in a vacuum adsorption mode, and simultaneously blows high-pressure gas from the side part through the material blowing nozzle on the side part of the material taking suction nozzle of the material taking assembly, so that a plurality of glass sheets adhered together during material taking are blown away, and the sheet sticking condition is avoided. The invention is designed with a sheet material conveying component, the sheet material conveying component uses a first conveying rail bar and a second conveying rail bar which are arranged in parallel at intervals as bearing parts, the inner sides of the two conveying rail bars are provided with conveying belts in a tensioning mode in the same direction through tensioning wheels, and the tensioning wheels between the two conveying belts are connected through connecting roller shafts. The glass sheets taken out by the material taking assembly are placed on the two conveying belts. The conveying motor arranged on the outer side of the conveying rail bar drives the connecting roller shaft to rotate through the transmission gear, and the connecting roller shaft drives the two conveying belts to synchronously and linearly move so as to convey the glass sheets forwards. Particularly, the first conveying rail bar and the second conveying rail bar are arranged on the bracket and are connected with the cylindrical guide rail arranged on the bracket in a sliding mode, the first conveying rail bar and the second conveying rail bar can adjust the space in real time according to the width of the conveyed glass sheet through the structural design, and the fixing is realized through the rotary pressing of the fixing caps after the space is adjusted. The glass sheet feeding and discharging device is provided with a feeding and discharging assembly used for taking out a plurality of glass sheets to be carved synchronously, taking out a plurality of carved glass sheets synchronously on a plurality of carving carriers, placing the glass sheets to be carved on the vacant carving carriers, and simultaneously, putting the carved glass sheets back onto the sheet material conveying assembly again and conveying the glass sheets to a next work station through the sheet material conveying assembly. In order to realize the functions, the feeding and discharging assembly takes a horizontally arranged overturning support rod as a supporting carrier, the overturning support rod is driven by an overturning motor to rotate, a plurality of suction seats are arranged on the overturning support rod in parallel at intervals corresponding to the arrangement position of the engraving carrier, the interior of each suction seat is of an air cavity structure, and the front surface and the back surface of each suction seat are respectively provided with a plurality of feeding suction nozzles. When the automatic glass sheet processing device works, the overturning supporting rod drives the plurality of the absorbing seats to rotate synchronously, so that a glass sheet to be subjected to fine engraving is sucked on the sheet material conveying assembly on one side of the absorbing seats, the linear module drives the overturning supporting rod to move linearly to the fine engraving carrier integrally, the overturning supporting rod rotates 180 degrees so that the discharging suction nozzle on the other side of the absorbing seat sucks the glass sheet subjected to fine engraving from the fine engraving carrier, the linear module drives the overturning supporting rod to move linearly back to the sheet material conveying assembly integrally, the discharging suction nozzle on the other side of the overturning supporting rod puts the processed glass sheet back to the sheet material conveying assembly, and the glass sheet to be processed is sucked from the sheet material conveying assembly, and the automatic back-and-forth circular transfer of the glass sheet between the sheet material conveying assembly and the fine engraving.
The embodiments of the present invention are merely illustrative of specific embodiments thereof, and are not intended to limit the scope thereof. Since the present invention can be modified by a person skilled in the art, the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a full-automatic high-speed cnc engraving and milling machine which characterized in that: the device comprises a supporting table (1), a material rack (2), a material taking assembly (3), an engraving carrier (4), an engraving head (5), a feeding and discharging assembly (6), a sheet material conveying assembly (7) and a transferring assembly (8), wherein the supporting table (1) is horizontally arranged, an engraving platform is arranged on the supporting table (1), the engraving carrier (4) is arranged on the engraving platform, and a glass sheet to be engraved is placed on the engraving carrier (4); an engraving head (5) is correspondingly arranged above the engraving carrier (4); the material rest (2) is arranged on one side of the fine carving platform, and glass sheets to be finely carved are stacked in the material rest (2); the material taking assembly (3) is arranged above the material rack (2); the sheet material conveying assembly (7) is arranged on the side part of the fine carving platform along the linear direction; the feeding and discharging assembly (6) is arranged between the sheet material conveying assembly (7) and the engraving and milling platform in a spanning mode; the material taking assembly (3) takes out the glass sheets from the material rack (2) and then places the glass sheets on the sheet material conveying assembly (7), the feeding and discharging assembly (6) simultaneously sucks a plurality of glass sheets from the sheet material conveying assembly (7), turns over to the other side, takes out the glass sheets finished by engraving on the engraving carriers (4), turns over to the starting surface, places the glass sheets on the corresponding engraving carriers (4), and places the glass sheets after engraving back to the sheet material conveying assembly (7); the transfer component (8) is arranged at the blanking end of the sheet material conveying component (7), and the transfer component (8) takes out the glass sheet on the sheet material conveying component (7) and transfers the glass sheet to the next station.
2. The full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine of claim 1, characterized in that: the material rack (2) comprises a material seat (21) and a limiting plate (22), wherein the material seat (21) is horizontally arranged, and the material seat (21) is provided with an installation sliding chute along the transverse direction and the longitudinal direction; the limiting plates (22) comprise at least two blocks, the limiting plates (22) are vertically and slidably arranged in the mounting chute, sheet stock placing spaces are formed among the limiting plates (22), and the limiting plates (22) are slid to adjust the length and the width of the sheet stock placing spaces.
3. The full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine of claim 2, characterized in that: the material taking assembly (3) comprises a material taking module (31), a material taking lifting cylinder (32), a material taking support plate (33), a material taking adjusting plate (34), a material taking suction nozzle (35) and a material blowing air nozzle (36), wherein the material taking module (31) is horizontally arranged, the material taking lifting cylinder (32) is vertically connected to the output end of the material taking module (31), and is driven by the material taking module (31) to linearly move; the material taking support plate (33) is horizontally connected to the lower end of the material taking lifting cylinder (32), and the material taking adjusting plate (34) is rotatably connected to the material taking support plate (33); the material taking suction nozzle (35) and the material blowing air nozzle (36) are respectively arranged on the material taking adjusting plate (34), the material blowing air nozzle (36) is arranged towards the direction of the material taking suction nozzle (35), and after the material taking suction nozzle (35) takes out the glass sheets from the material rack (2), air is blown through the material blowing air nozzle (36), so that the taken glass sheets are prevented from being bonded up and down.
4. The full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine of claim 3, characterized in that: the feeding and discharging assembly (6) comprises a support (61), a moving assembly, a turning support rod (65), a suction seat (66) and a feeding and discharging suction nozzle (67), wherein the support (61) is arranged along the side direction of the sheet material conveying assembly (7), and the moving assembly is arranged on the support (61); the overturning assembly is arranged at the lower end of the moving assembly and is driven by the moving assembly to linearly move along the horizontal direction and the vertical direction; the turnover support rod (65) is horizontally connected to the output end of the turnover assembly along the side direction of the sheet material conveying assembly (7) and is driven by the turnover assembly to rotate; the suction seats (66) comprise at least two suction seats (66), the suction seats (66) are horizontally arranged on the turnover support rod (65) at intervals, the front surface and the back surface of each suction seat (66) are respectively provided with a blanking suction nozzle (67), and the suction seats (66) drive the blanking suction nozzles (67) to do turnover movement so as to adsorb glass sheets from the sheet material conveying assembly (7) or the finishing carving carrier (4).
5. The full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine of claim 4, wherein: the moving assembly comprises a linear module (62) and a lifting module (63), wherein the linear module (62) horizontally extends to the upper part of the engraving and finishing jig (4) along the direction vertical to the support (61); the lifting module (63) is vertically connected to the output end of the linear module (62); the overturning assembly comprises an overturning motor (64), the overturning motor (64) is connected to the output end of the lifting module (63), and the lifting module (63) drives the overturning motor (64) to move up and down; the overturning support rod (65) is horizontally connected to the output end of the overturning motor (64) and is driven by the overturning motor (64) to rotate.
6. The full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine of claim 5, wherein: the sheet material conveying assembly (7) comprises at least two conveying supports (71), a width adjusting assembly, a conveying rail bar and conveying assemblies, wherein the conveying supports (71) are arranged on the outer side of the engraving and milling carrier (4) in parallel at intervals; the width adjusting assembly is arranged on the conveying bracket (71); the conveying rails comprise a first conveying rail (75) and a second conveying rail (76), and the two conveying rails are arranged on the conveying bracket (71) in parallel at intervals; the conveying assembly is arranged on the conveying rail bar, and the glass sheets to be conveyed are placed on the conveying assembly and conveyed forwards linearly through the conveying assembly.
7. The full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine of claim 6, wherein: the width adjusting assembly comprises a guide rail (72), a guide seat (73) and a fixing cap (74), wherein the guide rail (72) is arranged on the conveying bracket (71); the guide seat (73) is slidably sleeved on the guide rail (72), a support seat with an L-shaped structure is arranged on the guide seat (73), and the conveying rail bar is fixedly arranged on the support seat; the fixing cap (74) is arranged at the side part of the guide seat (73) and can be rotatablely penetrated into the guide seat (73), and the guide seat (73) and the guide rail (72) are fixed by rotating the fixing cap (74).
8. The full-automatic high-speed cnc engraving and milling machine of claim 7 characterized in that: the conveying assembly comprises a conveying motor (77), transmission teeth (78), conveying belts (79) and a connecting roller shaft, wherein the conveying belts (79) comprise two belts, and the two conveying belts (79) are respectively arranged on the inner sides of the two conveying rail bars and tensioned by a tensioning wheel; the connecting roll shaft is connected to tension wheels of the two conveyer belts (79); the transmission gear (78) is arranged at the end part connected with the roller shaft; above-mentioned conveying motor (77) set up in one side of driving gear (78), and the output is connected with driving gear (78) tooth, and conveying motor (77) pass through driving gear (78) drive connection roller rotary motion, and it is rotatory to connect the roller drive take-up pulley of connecting on it to drive conveyer belt (79) forward motion, conveying glass piece.
9. The full-automatic high-speed cnc engraving and milling machine of claim 8 characterized in that: the transfer component (8) comprises a driving seat (81), a lifting cylinder (82), a fine adjustment cylinder (83) and a transfer suction nozzle (84), wherein the driving seat (81) is arranged at the blanking end of the sheet material conveying component (7); the lifting cylinder (82) is vertically connected to the output end of the driving seat (81) and is driven by the driving seat (81) to move linearly; the fine adjustment cylinder (83) is connected to the output end of the lifting cylinder (82) and driven by the lifting cylinder (82) to move up and down, the output end of the fine adjustment cylinder (83) is connected with a support plate, and the support plate is provided with at least two transfer suction nozzles (84).
10. An engraving process of the full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine as claimed in claim 1, characterized by comprising the following process steps:
s1, material storage: stacking glass sheets to be processed in the material frame;
s2, taking materials: the material taking assembly takes the glass sheet in the step S1 out of the material rack and blows the glass sheet;
s3, discharging: step S2, the material taking component sequentially places the taken glass sheets on the sheet material conveying component;
s4, blanking: synchronously adsorbing a plurality of glass sheets from the sheet material conveying assembly on one side of the feeding and discharging assembly, turning the glass sheets for 180 degrees, and placing the glass sheets subjected to finish engraving adsorbed on the other side on the sheet material conveying assembly;
s5, feeding: step S3, moving the feeding and discharging assembly above the finishing carving carrier, adsorbing the glass sheet after finishing carving from the finishing carving carrier, turning the glass sheet for finishing carving by 180 degrees, placing the adsorbed glass sheet to be finished carving on the finishing carving carrier, and circularly feeding and discharging in this way;
s6, fine carving: step S5, after the feeding and discharging assembly places the glass sheet to be carved on the carving carrier, the carving head carries out carving processing on the glass sheet, and the glass sheet is taken out and placed on the sheet material transmission assembly through the feeding and discharging assembly in step S4 after being processed;
s7, glass sheet transfer: in step S6, the glass sheet conveying assembly conveys the glass sheet after finishing engraving to the transfer assembly, and the glass sheet is transferred to the next processing station by the transfer assembly.
CN202010957512.2A 2020-09-14 2020-09-14 Full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine and engraving and milling process thereof Pending CN111942068A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010957512.2A CN111942068A (en) 2020-09-14 2020-09-14 Full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine and engraving and milling process thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010957512.2A CN111942068A (en) 2020-09-14 2020-09-14 Full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine and engraving and milling process thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111942068A true CN111942068A (en) 2020-11-17

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010957512.2A Pending CN111942068A (en) 2020-09-14 2020-09-14 Full-automatic high-speed engraving and milling machine and engraving and milling process thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111942068A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113049887A (en) * 2021-03-10 2021-06-29 扬州京柏自动化科技有限公司 Automatic antenna test equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113049887A (en) * 2021-03-10 2021-06-29 扬州京柏自动化科技有限公司 Automatic antenna test equipment
CN113049887B (en) * 2021-03-10 2023-05-02 扬州京柏自动化科技有限公司 Automatic antenna testing equipment

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