CN111941186B - Polishing device for truck frame production and using method thereof - Google Patents

Polishing device for truck frame production and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111941186B
CN111941186B CN202010786587.9A CN202010786587A CN111941186B CN 111941186 B CN111941186 B CN 111941186B CN 202010786587 A CN202010786587 A CN 202010786587A CN 111941186 B CN111941186 B CN 111941186B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
shaft
dust
polishing
block
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CN202010786587.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111941186A (en
Inventor
吴应举
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Fengning Manchu Autonomous County Hongting Auto Parts Co ltd
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Fengning Manchu Autonomous County Hongting Auto Parts Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010786587.9A priority Critical patent/CN111941186B/en
Publication of CN111941186A publication Critical patent/CN111941186A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B9/00Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor
    • B24B9/02Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground
    • B24B9/04Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground of metal, e.g. skate blades
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/66Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter
    • B01D46/68Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements
    • B01D46/681Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements by scrapers, brushes or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/66Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter
    • B01D46/70Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by acting counter-currently on the filtering surface, e.g. by flushing on the non-cake side of the filter
    • B01D46/72Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by acting counter-currently on the filtering surface, e.g. by flushing on the non-cake side of the filter with backwash arms, shoes or nozzles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B45/00Means for securing grinding wheels on rotary arbors
    • B24B45/006Quick mount and release means for disc-like wheels, e.g. on power tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/02Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for performing a reciprocating movement of carriages or work- tables
    • B24B47/04Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for performing a reciprocating movement of carriages or work- tables by mechanical gearing only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of truck frame production, in particular to a polishing device for truck frame production and a using method thereof, the polishing device comprises a main body device, a limiting device, a dust removing device and a replacing device, the main body device comprises a workbench, the left end surface of the workbench is fixedly connected with a controller, the outer side of the workbench is fixedly connected with a first multi-stage electric telescopic rod, through the arranged dust removing device, during polishing, a third multi-stage electric telescopic rod is controlled by the controller to contract to drive a baffle to rotate, a connecting pipe is opened, then a double-shaft motor is controlled by the controller to rotate, the double-shaft motor drives a moving blade to rotate, dust scraps generated by polishing are drawn and collected, the dust scraps enter a dust removing box through a dust collecting hopper and the connecting pipe to be accumulated at a filter screen and fall into a collecting box, the dust scraps generated by polishing can be collected, and the dust scraps cannot float in a workshop, the working environment is not polluted and the body of the worker is not damaged.

Description

Polishing device for truck frame production and using method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of truck frame production, in particular to a polishing device for truck frame production and a using method thereof.
Background
The frame is also called a crossbeam, the base body of the automobile generally comprises two longitudinal beams and a plurality of cross beams, wherein in the production and manufacturing process of the truck frame, burrs are formed on the surface of the truck frame, the truck frame needs to be polished by using a polishing device to remove the burrs, but some problems exist in the use of the existing polishing devices, a large amount of dust fragments can be generated in the polishing process of the existing polishing devices, the dust fragments float in a workshop and pollute the working environment of the workshop and harm the bodies of workers, but the existing polishing devices cannot adsorb and collect the dust fragments in the use process, meanwhile, the polishing effect of the existing polishing devices can be reduced after the polishing devices are used for a long time, the polishing plates need to be frequently replaced, but the replacement of the polishing plates by the existing polishing devices is inconvenient, and special tools need to be used in the replacement of the polishing plates, waste time and energy, the positive reverse side and the side of frame all need polish when polishing the frame in addition, but some present grinding device need the manual work to hold up the frame when polishing, prevent that the frame from rocking, can not carry on spacingly to the frame, have increased staff's intensity of labour, appear the condition of empting easily in the frame that the process of polishing was stood up moreover, easily accidentally injure staff.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a grinding device for production of a truck frame and a using method thereof, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a polishing device for production of a truck frame comprises a main body device, a limiting device, a dust removing device and a replacing device, wherein the main body device comprises a workbench, the left end face of the workbench is fixedly connected with a controller, the outer side of the workbench is fixedly connected with a first multi-stage electric telescopic rod, the other end of the first multi-stage electric telescopic rod is fixedly connected with a support, the support is in sliding connection with the workbench, the inner side of the support is fixedly connected with a first motor, the tail end of a main shaft of the first motor is fixedly connected with a first threaded shaft, the first threaded shaft is rotatably connected with the support, the outer side of the first threaded shaft is spirally connected with a first sliding block, the first sliding block penetrates through the support, the first sliding block is in sliding connection with the support, the outer side of the first sliding block is fixedly connected with a second multi-stage electric telescopic rod, and the other end, fixed block outside fixedly connected with connecting plate, the second motor has been cup jointed to the fixed block inboard, stop device includes the fixed plate, fixed plate and workstation fixed connection, dust collector includes dust removal case and collecting box, dust removal case and workstation fixed connection, the collecting box runs through the dust removal case, collecting box and dust removal case sliding connection, it includes the connecting block to change the device, the terminal fixed connection of main shaft of connecting block and second motor, the connecting block rotates with the fixed block to be connected.
Preferably, the inboard fixedly connected with third motor of fixed plate, the terminal fixedly connected with second threaded shaft of main shaft of third motor, second threaded shaft rotates with the fixed plate to be connected, second threaded shaft outside screwed connection has the second slider, second slider and fixed plate sliding connection, the fixedly connected with push pedal in the second slider outside, the fixed plate is run through to the push pedal, push pedal and fixed plate sliding connection, push pedal outside fixedly connected with splint, splint and fixed plate sliding connection.
Preferably, the fixed plate outside is equipped with the handle, the handle runs through the fixed plate, the handle rotates with the fixed plate to be connected, the other end fixedly connected with third threaded shaft of handle, the other end fixedly connected with connecting axle of third threaded shaft, the other end fixedly connected with fourth threaded shaft of connecting axle, fourth threaded shaft rotates with the fixed plate to be connected, the equal screwed connection in third threaded shaft outside and fourth threaded shaft outside has the limiting plate, the limiting plate runs through the fixed plate, limiting plate and fixed plate sliding connection.
Preferably, the dust removal case outside is equipped with the connecting pipe, the connecting pipe runs through the dust removal case, connecting pipe and dust removal case fixed connection, the other end intercommunication of connecting pipe has the dust hopper, the dust hopper runs through the connecting plate, dust hopper and connecting plate fixed connection, the inboard front end of dust removal case top face rotates and is connected with the multistage electric telescopic handle of third, the other end rotation of the multistage electric telescopic handle of third is connected with the baffle, baffle top face rotates with the dust removal case to be connected, baffle and connecting pipe sliding connection, the inboard central point fixedly connected with filter screen of dust removal case top face, dust removal case top face inboard rear end fixedly connected with backup pad, backup pad outside fixedly connected with biax motor, the terminal fixedly connected with blade of main shaft of biax motor rear end.
Preferably, the main shaft of biax motor front end runs through the backup pad, the main shaft and the backup pad of biax motor front end rotate to be connected, the terminal fixedly connected with first electro-magnet of main shaft of biax motor front end, first electro-magnet rotates with the backup pad to be connected, first electro-magnet outside sliding connection has the second electro-magnet, the second electro-magnet rotates with the backup pad to be connected, second electro-magnet outside fixedly connected with cleaning brush, cleaning brush runs through the backup pad, cleaning brush rotates with the backup pad to be connected, cleaning brush rotates with the filter screen to be connected.
Preferably, the inboard sliding connection of connecting block has the piece of polishing, the connecting block outside is equipped with the pull rod, pull rod through connection piece, pull rod and connecting block sliding connection, the other end fixedly connected with locating piece of pull rod, locating piece through connection piece, locating piece and connecting block sliding connection, the locating piece runs through the piece of polishing, locating piece and the piece sliding connection of polishing, the pull rod outside cover between locating piece and the connecting block has the spring, the one end and the locating piece fixed connection of spring, the other end and the connecting block fixed connection of spring, the slope setting is personally submitted to the locating piece bottom.
Preferably, the use method of the grinding device for producing the truck frame comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: when the front and back sides of the truck frame are polished during use, the truck frame is placed on the workbench, then the controller controls the third motor to rotate, the third motor drives the second threaded shaft to rotate, the second threaded shaft drives the second sliding block to slide, the second sliding block drives the push plate and the clamping plate to move to limit the truck frame, the truck frame does not need to be manually held, and the labor intensity of workers is reduced;
step two: when the clamp is used, when the side face of a truck frame is polished, the truck frame is erected and placed on a workbench, the third threaded shaft is driven to rotate by rotating the handle, the third threaded shaft drives the connecting shaft to rotate, the connecting shaft drives the fourth threaded shaft to rotate, the third threaded shaft and the fourth threaded shaft respectively drive the limiting plates to move, the erected truck frame is clamped and fixed, and the truck frame is prevented from toppling over and accidentally injuring workers during polishing;
step three: in the polishing process, the controller controls the third multi-stage electric telescopic rod to contract to drive the baffle to rotate, the connecting pipe is opened, the controller controls the double-shaft motor to rotate, the double-shaft motor drives the blade to rotate, dust fragments generated by polishing are collected in a traction manner, the dust fragments enter the dust removal box through the dust collection hopper and the connecting pipe to be accumulated at the filter screen and fall into the collection box, and the dust fragments generated by polishing can be collected;
step four: when the polishing piece effect of polishing descends, when the polishing piece needs to be changed, the positioning block is driven to leave the polishing piece through the pulling pull rod, when the positioning block is not in contact with the polishing piece, the polishing piece can be detached from the connecting block, then the new polishing piece is aligned to the groove in the connecting block, the polishing piece is pushed, under the action of the positioning block and the spring, the polishing piece can be fixed, and the polishing piece is installed well.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the dust removal device, during polishing, the controller controls the third multi-stage electric telescopic rod to contract to drive the baffle to rotate, the connecting pipe is opened, the controller controls the double-shaft motor to rotate, the double-shaft motor drives the blades to rotate, dust debris generated by polishing is drawn and collected, the dust debris enters the dust removal box through the dust collection hopper and the connecting pipe and is accumulated at the filter screen and falls into the collection box, the dust debris generated by polishing can be collected, the dust debris cannot float in a workshop, and the working environment cannot be polluted and the body of a worker cannot be damaged;
2. according to the invention, through the arranged replacing device, when the polishing sheet is replaced, the pull rod is pulled to drive the positioning block to leave the polishing sheet, when the positioning block is not in contact with the polishing sheet, the polishing sheet can be detached from the connecting block, then a new polishing sheet is aligned to the groove on the connecting block to push the polishing sheet, and under the action of the positioning block and the spring, the polishing sheet can be fixed and installed, so that the polishing sheet is simple and convenient to replace, time and labor are saved;
3. according to the invention, by arranging the third motor and the clamping plate, when the front side and the back side of the truck frame are polished, the truck frame is placed on the workbench, then the third motor is controlled by the controller to rotate, the third motor drives the second threaded shaft to rotate, the second threaded shaft drives the second sliding block to slide, the second sliding block drives the push plate and the clamping plate to move to limit the truck frame, the truck frame does not need to be manually held, and the labor intensity of workers is reduced;
4. according to the clamping device, the side face of the truck frame is polished by the aid of the handle and the limiting plate, the truck frame is erected and placed on the workbench, the handle is rotated to drive the third threaded shaft to rotate, the third threaded shaft drives the connecting shaft to rotate, the connecting shaft drives the fourth threaded shaft to rotate, the third threaded shaft and the fourth threaded shaft respectively drive the limiting plate to move, the erected truck frame is clamped and fixed, polishing is not affected, and meanwhile the truck frame can be prevented from toppling over and accidentally injuring workers during polishing.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic right sectional view of the splint of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic sectional top view of the stent of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic right sectional view of the dust box of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the mounting structure of the polishing pad of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the mounting structure of the collection box of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the mounting structure of the limiting plate of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a right sectional structural view of the handle of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-main body device, 101-workbench, 102-controller, 103-first multi-stage electric telescopic rod, 104-bracket, 105-first motor, 106-first threaded shaft, 107-first sliding block, 108-second multi-stage electric telescopic rod, 109-fixed block, 110-connecting plate, 111-second motor, 2-limiting device, 201-fixed plate, 202-third motor, 203-second threaded shaft, 204-second sliding block, 205-push plate, 206-clamping plate, 207-handle, 208-third threaded shaft, 209-connecting shaft, 210-fourth threaded shaft, 211-limiting plate, 3-dust removing device, 301-dust removing box, 302-connecting pipe, 303-dust collecting hopper, 304-collecting box, 305-third multi-stage electric telescopic rod, 306-baffle plate, 307-support plate, 308-double-shaft motor, 309-blade, 310-filter screen, 311-first electromagnet, 312-second electromagnet, 313-cleaning brush, 4-replacing device, 401-connecting block, 402-polishing plate, 403-pull rod, 404-positioning block and 405-spring.
Detailed Description
Example 1:
referring to fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3, fig. 4, fig. 5, fig. 6 and fig. 7, the present invention provides a technical solution:
a grinding device for production of a truck frame comprises a main body device 1, a limiting device 2, a dust removal device 3 and a replacement device 4, wherein the main body device 1 comprises a workbench 101, a controller 102 is fixedly connected to the left end face of the workbench 101, a first multi-stage electric telescopic rod 103 is fixedly connected to the outer side of the workbench 101, a support 104 is fixedly connected to the other end of the first multi-stage electric telescopic rod 103, the support 104 is in sliding connection with the workbench 101, the support 104 can be driven to move to grind the truck frame, a first motor 105 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the support 104, a first threaded shaft 106 is fixedly connected to the tail end of a main shaft of the first motor 105, the first threaded shaft 106 is rotatably connected with the support 104, a first sliding block 107 is spirally connected to the outer side of the first threaded shaft 106, the first sliding block 107 penetrates through the support 104, the first sliding block 107 is in sliding connection with the support 104, the first sliding block 107 can be driven to slide back and forth to grind the truck frame, first slider 107 outside fixedly connected with multistage electric telescopic handle 108 of second, the other end fixedly connected with fixed block 109 of multistage electric telescopic handle 108 of second, this kind of setting can drive fixed block 109 up-and-down motion and polish the frame, fixed block 109 outside fixedly connected with connecting plate 110, second motor 111 has been cup jointed to fixed block 109 inboard, stop device 2 includes fixed plate 201, fixed plate 201 and workstation 101 fixed connection, dust collector 3 includes dust removal case 301 and collecting box 304, dust removal case 301 and workstation 101 fixed connection, collecting box 304 runs through dust removal case 301, collecting box 304 and dust removal case 301 sliding connection, it includes connecting block 401 to change device 4, connecting block 401 and the terminal fixed connection of main shaft of second motor 111, connecting block 401 rotates with fixed block 109 and is connected.
The inner side of the fixing plate 201 is fixedly connected with a third motor 202, the tail end of a main shaft of the third motor 202 is fixedly connected with a second threaded shaft 203, the second threaded shaft 203 is rotatably connected with the fixing plate 201, the outer side of the second threaded shaft 203 is spirally connected with a second sliding block 204, the second sliding block 204 is slidably connected with the fixing plate 201, the outer side of the second sliding block 204 is fixedly connected with a push plate 205, the push plate 205 penetrates through the fixing plate 201, the push plate 205 is slidably connected with the fixing plate 201, the outer side of the push plate 205 is fixedly connected with a clamping plate 206, and the clamping plate 206 is slidably connected with the fixing plate 201; a connecting pipe 302 is arranged on the outer side of the dust removing box 301, the connecting pipe 302 penetrates through the dust removing box 301, the connecting pipe 302 is fixedly connected with the dust removing box 301, the other end of the connecting pipe 302 is communicated with a dust collecting hopper 303, the dust collecting hopper 303 penetrates through the connecting plate 110, the dust collecting hopper 303 is fixedly connected with the connecting plate 110, the front end of the inner side of the top end face of the dust removing box 301 is rotatably connected with a third multi-stage electric telescopic rod 305, the other end of the third multi-stage electric telescopic rod 305 is rotatably connected with a baffle 306, the top end face of the baffle 306 is rotatably connected with the dust removing box 301, the baffle 306 is slidably connected with the connecting pipe 302, a filter screen 310 is fixedly connected at the central position of the inner side of the top end face of the dust removing box 301, a supporting plate 307 is fixedly connected with the outer side of the supporting plate 307, a double-shaft motor 308 is fixedly connected with the tail end of a main shaft at the rear end of the double-shaft motor 308, and the dust removing box can adsorb and collect dust generated by polishing; the main shaft at the front end of the double-shaft motor 308 penetrates through the supporting plate 307, the main shaft at the front end of the double-shaft motor 308 is rotatably connected with the supporting plate 307, the tail end of the main shaft at the front end of the double-shaft motor 308 is fixedly connected with a first electromagnet 311, the first electromagnet 311 is rotatably connected with the supporting plate 307, the outer side of the first electromagnet 311 is slidably connected with a second electromagnet 312, the second electromagnet 312 is rotatably connected with the supporting plate 307, the outer side of the second electromagnet 312 is fixedly connected with a cleaning brush 313, the cleaning brush 313 penetrates through the supporting plate 307, the cleaning brush 313 is rotatably connected with the supporting plate 307, and the cleaning brush 313 is rotatably connected with the filter screen 310; connecting block 401 inboard sliding connection has polishing pad 402, the connecting block 401 outside is equipped with pull rod 403, pull rod 403 runs through connecting block 401, pull rod 403 and connecting block 401 sliding connection, the other end fixedly connected with locating piece 404 of pull rod 403, locating piece 404 runs through connecting block 401, locating piece 404 and connecting block 401 sliding connection, locating piece 404 runs through polishing pad 402, locating piece 404 and polishing pad 402 sliding connection, pull rod 403 outside cover between locating piece 404 and the connecting block 401 has spring 405, the one end and the locating piece 404 fixed connection of spring 405, the other end and the connecting block 401 fixed connection of spring 405, locating piece 404 bottom end personally submits the slope setting, this kind of setting is convenient to change polishing pad 402.
The working process is as follows: the power supplies of all electric appliances in the device are external power supplies, when the front and back of a truck frame are polished, the truck frame is placed on a workbench 101, then a controller 102 controls a third motor 202 to rotate, the third motor 202 drives a second threaded shaft 203 to rotate, the second threaded shaft 203 drives a second sliding block 204 to slide, the second sliding block 204 drives a push plate 205 and a clamping plate 206 to move to limit the truck frame, then the truck frame is polished, when the truck frame is polished, a third multistage electric telescopic rod 305 is controlled by the controller 102 to shrink to drive a baffle 306 to rotate, a connecting pipe 302 is opened, then a double-shaft motor 308 is controlled by the controller 102 to rotate, the double-shaft motor 308 drives blades 309 to rotate, dust fragments generated by polishing are drawn and collected, the dust fragments enter a dust removal box 301 through a dust collection hopper 303 and the connecting pipe 302 and are accumulated at a filter screen 310 and fall into a collection box 304, the dust and debris generated by polishing can be collected, after polishing, the controller 102 controls the third multi-stage electric telescopic rod 305 to extend to drive the baffle 306 to rotate to close the connecting pipe 302, then the first electromagnet 311 and the second electromagnet 312 are electrified, the first electromagnet 311 and the second electromagnet 312 are fixed together due to magnetic force, then the double-shaft motor 308 is controlled to rotate reversely, the double-shaft motor 308 rotates reversely, the spindle behind the double-shaft motor 308 drives the blade 309 to blow back the filter screen 310, the spindle in front of the double-shaft motor 308 drives the cleaning brush 313 to rotate through the first electromagnet 311 and the second electromagnet 312 to clean the filter screen 310, the cleaned dust falls into the collecting box 304, the filter screen 310 is prevented from being blocked, after cleaning, the third multi-stage electric telescopic rod 305 and the baffle 306 are reset, and the first electromagnet 311 and the second electromagnet 312 are stopped to be electrified, the double-shaft motor 308 is stopped, a worker regularly takes the collecting box 304 down, the collecting box 304 is cleaned, when the polishing effect of the polishing piece 402 is reduced, and the polishing piece 402 needs to be replaced, the positioning block 404 is driven to leave the polishing piece 402 by pulling the pull rod 403, when the positioning block 404 is not in contact with the polishing piece 402, the polishing piece 402 can be detached from the connecting block 401, then a new polishing piece 402 is aligned to the groove in the connecting block 401, the polishing piece 402 is pushed, the polishing piece 402 can extrude the positioning block 404 to drive the positioning block 404 to move, the positioning block 404 can compress the spring 405, when the positioning block 404 is in contact with the groove in the polishing piece 402, the pressure borne by the spring 405 disappears to drive the positioning block 404 to reset to abut against the polishing piece 402, the polishing piece 402 can be fixed, and the polishing piece 402 is installed.
Example 2:
referring to fig. 4, fig. 5, fig. 6, fig. 7, fig. 8 and fig. 9, the present invention provides a technical solution:
a grinding device for production of a truck frame comprises a main body device 1, a limiting device 2, a dust removal device 3 and a replacement device 4, wherein the main body device 1 comprises a workbench 101, a controller 102 is fixedly connected to the left end face of the workbench 101, a first multi-stage electric telescopic rod 103 is fixedly connected to the outer side of the workbench 101, a support 104 is fixedly connected to the other end of the first multi-stage electric telescopic rod 103, the support 104 is in sliding connection with the workbench 101, the support 104 can be driven to move to grind the truck frame, a first motor 105 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the support 104, a first threaded shaft 106 is fixedly connected to the tail end of a main shaft of the first motor 105, the first threaded shaft 106 is rotatably connected with the support 104, a first sliding block 107 is spirally connected to the outer side of the first threaded shaft 106, the first sliding block 107 penetrates through the support 104, the first sliding block 107 is in sliding connection with the support 104, the first sliding block 107 can be driven to slide back and forth to grind the truck frame, first slider 107 outside fixedly connected with multistage electric telescopic handle 108 of second, the other end fixedly connected with fixed block 109 of multistage electric telescopic handle 108 of second, this kind of setting can drive fixed block 109 up-and-down motion and polish the frame, fixed block 109 outside fixedly connected with connecting plate 110, second motor 111 has been cup jointed to fixed block 109 inboard, stop device 2 includes fixed plate 201, fixed plate 201 and workstation 101 fixed connection, dust collector 3 includes dust removal case 301 and collecting box 304, dust removal case 301 and workstation 101 fixed connection, collecting box 304 runs through dust removal case 301, collecting box 304 and dust removal case 301 sliding connection, it includes connecting block 401 to change device 4, connecting block 401 and the terminal fixed connection of main shaft of second motor 111, connecting block 401 rotates with fixed block 109 and is connected.
The handle 207 is arranged on the outer side of the fixing plate 201, the handle 207 penetrates through the fixing plate 201, the handle 207 is rotatably connected with the fixing plate 201, the other end of the handle 207 is fixedly connected with a third threaded shaft 208, the other end of the third threaded shaft 208 is fixedly connected with a connecting shaft 209, the other end of the connecting shaft 209 is fixedly connected with a fourth threaded shaft 210, the fourth threaded shaft 210 is rotatably connected with the fixing plate 201, the outer side of the third threaded shaft 208 and the outer side of the fourth threaded shaft 210 are both spirally connected with a limiting plate 211, the limiting plate 211 penetrates through the fixing plate 201, and the limiting plate 211 is slidably connected with the fixing plate 201; a connecting pipe 302 is arranged on the outer side of the dust removing box 301, the connecting pipe 302 penetrates through the dust removing box 301, the connecting pipe 302 is fixedly connected with the dust removing box 301, the other end of the connecting pipe 302 is communicated with a dust collecting hopper 303, the dust collecting hopper 303 penetrates through the connecting plate 110, the dust collecting hopper 303 is fixedly connected with the connecting plate 110, the front end of the inner side of the top end face of the dust removing box 301 is rotatably connected with a third multi-stage electric telescopic rod 305, the other end of the third multi-stage electric telescopic rod 305 is rotatably connected with a baffle 306, the top end face of the baffle 306 is rotatably connected with the dust removing box 301, the baffle 306 is slidably connected with the connecting pipe 302, a filter screen 310 is fixedly connected at the central position of the inner side of the top end face of the dust removing box 301, a supporting plate 307 is fixedly connected with the outer side of the supporting plate 307, a double-shaft motor 308 is fixedly connected with the tail end of a main shaft at the rear end of the double-shaft motor 308, and the dust removing box can adsorb and collect dust generated by polishing; the main shaft at the front end of the double-shaft motor 308 penetrates through the supporting plate 307, the main shaft at the front end of the double-shaft motor 308 is rotatably connected with the supporting plate 307, the tail end of the main shaft at the front end of the double-shaft motor 308 is fixedly connected with a first electromagnet 311, the first electromagnet 311 is rotatably connected with the supporting plate 307, the outer side of the first electromagnet 311 is slidably connected with a second electromagnet 312, the second electromagnet 312 is rotatably connected with the supporting plate 307, the outer side of the second electromagnet 312 is fixedly connected with a cleaning brush 313, the cleaning brush 313 penetrates through the supporting plate 307, the cleaning brush 313 is rotatably connected with the supporting plate 307, and the cleaning brush 313 is rotatably connected with the filter screen 310; connecting block 401 inboard sliding connection has polishing pad 402, the connecting block 401 outside is equipped with pull rod 403, pull rod 403 runs through connecting block 401, pull rod 403 and connecting block 401 sliding connection, the other end fixedly connected with locating piece 404 of pull rod 403, locating piece 404 runs through connecting block 401, locating piece 404 and connecting block 401 sliding connection, locating piece 404 runs through polishing pad 402, locating piece 404 and polishing pad 402 sliding connection, pull rod 403 outside cover between locating piece 404 and the connecting block 401 has spring 405, the one end and the locating piece 404 fixed connection of spring 405, the other end and the connecting block 401 fixed connection of spring 405, locating piece 404 bottom end personally submits the slope setting, this kind of setting is convenient to change polishing pad 402.
The working process is as follows: the power supplies of all electric appliances in the device are external power supplies, when the side face of a truck frame is polished, the truck frame is erected and placed on a workbench 101, a handle 207 is rotated to drive a third threaded shaft 208 to rotate, the third threaded shaft 208 drives a connecting shaft 209 to rotate, the connecting shaft 209 drives a fourth threaded shaft 210 to rotate, the third threaded shaft 208 and the fourth threaded shaft 210 respectively drive a limiting plate 211 to move, the erected truck frame is clamped and fixed, workers are prevented from being toppled and accidentally injured when the truck frame is polished, then the truck frame is polished, when the truck frame is polished, a controller 102 controls a third multistage electric telescopic rod 305 to contract to drive a baffle 306 to rotate, a connecting pipe 302 is opened, then the controller 102 controls a double-shaft motor 308 to rotate, the double-shaft motor 308 drives blades 309 to rotate, dust generated by polishing is dragged and collected, the dust enters a dust collection box 301 through a dust collection hopper 303 and the connecting pipe 302 and is accumulated at a filter screen 310, falling into the collection box 304, collecting dust and debris generated by grinding, after grinding, controlling the third multistage electric telescopic rod 305 to extend to drive the baffle 306 to rotate to close the connecting pipe 302 by the controller 102, then electrifying the first electromagnet 311 and the second electromagnet 312, fixing the first electromagnet 311 and the second electromagnet 312 together due to magnetic force, then controlling the double-shaft motor 308 to rotate reversely, driving the blade 309 behind the double-shaft motor 308 to reversely rotate the double-shaft motor 308, driving the cleaning brush 313 to rotate by the main shaft in front of the double-shaft motor 308 through the first electromagnet 311 and the second electromagnet 312 to clean the filter screen 310, allowing the cleaned dust to fall into the collection box 304, preventing the filter screen 310 from being blocked, after cleaning, resetting the third multistage electric telescopic rod 305 and the baffle 306, stopping electrifying the first electromagnet 311 and the second electromagnet 312, the double-shaft motor 308 is stopped, a worker regularly takes the collecting box 304 down, the collecting box 304 is cleaned, when the polishing effect of the polishing piece 402 is reduced, and the polishing piece 402 needs to be replaced, the positioning block 404 is driven to leave the polishing piece 402 by pulling the pull rod 403, when the positioning block 404 is not in contact with the polishing piece 402, the polishing piece 402 can be detached from the connecting block 401, then a new polishing piece 402 is aligned to the groove in the connecting block 401, the polishing piece 402 is pushed, the polishing piece 402 can extrude the positioning block 404 to drive the positioning block 404 to move, the positioning block 404 can compress the spring 405, when the positioning block 404 is in contact with the groove in the polishing piece 402, the pressure borne by the spring 405 disappears to drive the positioning block 404 to reset to abut against the polishing piece 402, the polishing piece 402 can be fixed, and the polishing piece 402 is installed.
The principles and embodiments of the present invention are explained herein using specific examples, which are presented only to assist in understanding the method and its core concepts of the present invention. The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that there are objectively infinite specific structures due to the limited character expressions, and it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that a plurality of modifications, decorations or changes may be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and the technical features described above may be combined in a suitable manner; such modifications, variations, combinations, or adaptations of the invention using its spirit and scope, as defined by the claims, may be directed to other uses and embodiments.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a grinding device is used in truck frame production, includes main part device (1), stop device (2), dust collector (3) and changes device (4), its characterized in that: the main body device (1) comprises a workbench (101), a controller (102) is fixedly connected to the left end face of the workbench (101), a first multi-stage electric telescopic rod (103) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the workbench (101), a support (104) is fixedly connected to the other end of the first multi-stage electric telescopic rod (103), the support (104) is in sliding connection with the workbench (101), a first motor (105) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the support (104), a first threaded shaft (106) is fixedly connected to the tail end of a main shaft of the first motor (105), the first threaded shaft (106) is rotatably connected with the support (104), a first sliding block (107) is spirally connected to the outer side of the first threaded shaft (106), the first sliding block (107) penetrates through the support (104), the first sliding block (107) is in sliding connection with the support (104), a second multi-stage electric telescopic rod (108) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the first sliding block (107), the other end of the second multi-stage electric telescopic rod (108) is fixedly connected with a fixed block (109), the outer side of the fixed block (109) is fixedly connected with a connecting plate (110), the inner side of the fixed block (109) is sleeved with a second motor (111), the limiting device (2) comprises a fixing plate (201), the fixing plate (201) is fixedly connected with the workbench (101), the dust removing device (3) comprises a dust removing box (301) and a collecting box (304), the dust removal box (301) is fixedly connected with the workbench (101), the collection box (304) penetrates through the dust removal box (301), the collecting box (304) is connected with the dust removing box (301) in a sliding way, the replacing device (4) comprises a connecting block (401), the connecting block (401) is fixedly connected with the tail end of a main shaft of the second motor (111), and the connecting block (401) is rotatably connected with the fixing block (109); a third motor (202) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the fixing plate (201), a second threaded shaft (203) is fixedly connected to the tail end of a main shaft of the third motor (202), the second threaded shaft (203) is rotatably connected with the fixing plate (201), a second sliding block (204) is spirally connected to the outer side of the second threaded shaft (203), the second sliding block (204) is slidably connected with the fixing plate (201), a push plate (205) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the second sliding block (204), the push plate (205) penetrates through the fixing plate (201), the push plate (205) is slidably connected with the fixing plate (201), a clamping plate (206) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the push plate (205), and the clamping plate (206) is slidably connected with the fixing plate (201); a handle (207) is arranged on the outer side of the fixing plate (201), the handle (207) penetrates through the fixing plate (201), the handle (207) is rotatably connected with the fixing plate (201), a third threaded shaft (208) is fixedly connected to the other end of the handle (207), a connecting shaft (209) is fixedly connected to the other end of the third threaded shaft (208), a fourth threaded shaft (210) is fixedly connected to the other end of the connecting shaft (209), the fourth threaded shaft (210) is rotatably connected with the fixing plate (201), limiting plates (211) are spirally connected to the outer sides of the third threaded shaft (208) and the fourth threaded shaft (210), the limiting plates (211) penetrate through the fixing plate (201), and the limiting plates (211) are slidably connected with the fixing plate (201); the dust removal box (301) is provided with a connecting pipe (302) on the outer side, the connecting pipe (302) penetrates through the dust removal box (301), the connecting pipe (302) is fixedly connected with the dust removal box (301), the other end of the connecting pipe (302) is communicated with a dust hopper (303), the dust hopper (303) penetrates through a connecting plate (110), the dust hopper (303) is fixedly connected with the connecting plate (110), the inner front end of the top end face of the dust removal box (301) is rotatably connected with a third multi-stage electric telescopic rod (305), the other end of the third multi-stage electric telescopic rod (305) is rotatably connected with a baffle (306), the top end face of the baffle (306) is rotatably connected with the dust removal box (301), the baffle (306) is slidably connected with the connecting pipe (302), a filter screen (310) is fixedly connected to the inner central position of the top end face of the dust removal box (301), and a supporting plate (307) is fixedly connected to the inner rear end of the top end face of the dust removal box (301), a double-shaft motor (308) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the supporting plate (307), and a blade (309) is fixedly connected to the tail end of a main shaft at the rear end of the double-shaft motor (308); a main shaft at the front end of the double-shaft motor (308) penetrates through a supporting plate (307), the main shaft at the front end of the double-shaft motor (308) is rotatably connected with the supporting plate (307), a first electromagnet (311) is fixedly connected to the tail end of the main shaft at the front end of the double-shaft motor (308), the first electromagnet (311) is rotatably connected with the supporting plate (307), a second electromagnet (312) is slidably connected to the outer side of the first electromagnet (311), the second electromagnet (312) is rotatably connected with the supporting plate (307), a cleaning brush (313) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the second electromagnet (312), the cleaning brush (313) penetrates through the supporting plate (307), the cleaning brush (313) is rotatably connected with the supporting plate (307), and the cleaning brush (313) is rotatably connected with a filter screen (310); the inner side of the connecting block (401) is connected with a polishing disc (402) in a sliding way, the outer side of the connecting block (401) is provided with a pull rod (403), the pull rod (403) penetrates through the connecting block (401), the pull rod (403) is connected with the connecting block (401) in a sliding manner, the other end of the pull rod (403) is fixedly connected with a positioning block (404), the positioning block (404) penetrates through the connecting block (401), the positioning block (404) is connected with the connecting block (401) in a sliding way, the positioning block (404) penetrates through the polishing plate (402), the positioning block (404) is connected with the polishing plate (402) in a sliding way, a spring (405) is sleeved outside the pull rod (403) between the positioning block (404) and the connecting block (401), one end of the spring (405) is fixedly connected with the positioning block (404), the other end of the spring (405) is fixedly connected with the connecting block (401), and the bottom end face of the positioning block (404) is obliquely arranged.
2. The grinding device is used in truck frame production of claim 1, characterized in that: the use method of the polishing device for producing the truck frame comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: when the front and back of the truck frame is polished during use, the truck frame is placed on the workbench (101), the controller (102) is used for controlling the third motor (202) to rotate, the third motor (202) drives the second threaded shaft (203) to rotate, the second threaded shaft (203) drives the second sliding block (204) to slide, the second sliding block (204) drives the push plate (205) and the clamping plate (206) to move to limit the truck frame, the truck frame is not required to be manually held, and the labor intensity of workers is reduced;
step two: when the clamp is used, when the side face of a truck frame is polished, the truck frame is erected and placed on the workbench (101), the handle (207) is rotated to drive the third threaded shaft (208) to rotate, the third threaded shaft (208) drives the connecting shaft (209) to rotate, the connecting shaft (209) drives the fourth threaded shaft (210) to rotate, the third threaded shaft (208) and the fourth threaded shaft (210) respectively drive the limiting plate (211) to move, the erected truck frame is clamped and fixed, and the truck frame is prevented from being toppled and accidentally injuring workers during polishing;
step three: in the grinding process, the controller (102) controls the third multi-stage electric telescopic rod (305) to contract to drive the baffle (306) to rotate, the connecting pipe (302) is opened, then the controller (102) controls the double-shaft motor (308) to rotate, the double-shaft motor (308) drives the blade (309) to rotate, dust debris generated by grinding is pulled and collected, the dust debris enters the dust removal box (301) through the dust hopper (303) and the connecting pipe (302) and is accumulated at the filter screen (310), and the dust debris falls into the collecting box (304), so that the dust debris generated by grinding can be collected;
step four: when polishing pad (402) effect of polishing descends, when needing to change polishing pad (402), drive locating piece (404) through pulling pull rod (403) and leave polishing pad (402), when locating piece (404) and polishing pad (402) contactless, can dismantle polishing pad (402) from connecting block (401), then aim at connecting block (401) to the recess new polishing pad (402), promote polishing pad (402), under the effect of locating piece (404) and spring (405), can fix polishing pad (402), install polishing pad (402).
CN202010786587.9A 2020-08-07 2020-08-07 Polishing device for truck frame production and using method thereof Active CN111941186B (en)

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CN112453989A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-03-09 湖南九五精机有限责任公司 Numerical control horizontal boring and milling machine with scrap collecting function
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