CN111938010A - Intelligent solarization farm system and use method thereof - Google Patents

Intelligent solarization farm system and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111938010A
CN111938010A CN202010868655.6A CN202010868655A CN111938010A CN 111938010 A CN111938010 A CN 111938010A CN 202010868655 A CN202010868655 A CN 202010868655A CN 111938010 A CN111938010 A CN 111938010A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
cleaning
chain
plate chain
solarization
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Granted
Application number
CN202010868655.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111938010B (en
Inventor
余元善
徐玉娟
邹波
杨婉媛
陈树鹏
卜智斌
傅曼琴
温靖
安可婧
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Jiabao Group Co ltd
Sericulture and Agri Food Research Institute GAAS
Original Assignee
Guangdong Jiabao Group Co ltd
Sericulture and Agri Food Research Institute GAAS
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Application filed by Guangdong Jiabao Group Co ltd, Sericulture and Agri Food Research Institute GAAS filed Critical Guangdong Jiabao Group Co ltd
Priority to CN202010868655.6A priority Critical patent/CN111938010B/en
Publication of CN111938010A publication Critical patent/CN111938010A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111938010B publication Critical patent/CN111938010B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23GCOCOA; COCOA PRODUCTS, e.g. CHOCOLATE; SUBSTITUTES FOR COCOA OR COCOA PRODUCTS; CONFECTIONERY; CHEWING GUM; ICE-CREAM; PREPARATION THEREOF
    • A23G7/00Other apparatus or process specially adapted for the chocolate or confectionery industry
    • A23G7/02Cooling or drying apparatus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/08Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for drying or roasting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/08Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for drying or roasting
    • A23N12/12Auxiliary devices for roasting machines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/08Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for drying or roasting
    • A23N12/12Auxiliary devices for roasting machines
    • A23N12/125Accessories or details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/06Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface having a load-carrying surface formed by a series of interconnected, e.g. longitudinal, links, plates, or platforms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G45/00Lubricating, cleaning, or clearing devices
    • B65G45/10Cleaning devices
    • B65G45/18Cleaning devices comprising brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G45/00Lubricating, cleaning, or clearing devices
    • B65G45/10Cleaning devices
    • B65G45/22Cleaning devices comprising fluid applying means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/90Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in food processing or handling, e.g. food conservation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Cleaning By Liquid Or Steam (AREA)
  • Drying Of Solid Materials (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to an intelligent solarization drying yard system, which comprises a plate chain, a driving wheel, a material laying mechanism, a drying mechanism, a collecting hopper and a cleaning device, dryer and well accuse machine, the plate link chain cover is outside the drive wheel, and the drive wheel drives the plate link chain transmission, and the plate link chain is in proper order through stone mechanism, sun-drying mechanism, collection fill, belt cleaning device, dryer, and stone mechanism is used for spreading the raw materials on the plate link chain, and sun-drying mechanism includes sun-cured area and rainshelter, and sun-cured area is equipped with humidity transducer and light intensity sensor, and well accuse machine is according to the signal control of humidity transducer and light intensity sensor transmission stone mechanism operation or stop, and well accuse machine hides the rainshelter shrink or to expand with sun-cured area according to the signal control of humidity transducer transmission, collects the one side that the fill is located the plate link chain, collects the fill and is used for collecting the raw materials after shining, and belt cleaning device is used for wasing the plate link chain, and the dryer. The whole process of making the preserved fruits is full-automatic from material spreading to equipment cleaning, and the production efficiency is improved.

Description

Intelligent solarization farm system and use method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of fruit processing, in particular to an intelligent solarization drying ground system and a using method thereof.
Background
The candied fruit is a local characteristic leisure fruit and vegetable product which is made by the steps of making green plum, Sanhua plum and olive through the processes of salt and wax, embryo drying and storage, desalting and sugar curing or directly sugar curing and drying other fresh fruits, and the annual output value reaches more than 200 hundred million yuan. The preserved fruits are dried by solar sun, so that the advantages of greenness, energy conservation and the like are achieved. Traditional preserved fruit processing enterprise adopts traditional sunning ground drying more, and the product is directly spread on cement ground or plastic sheeting, when meetting rainy weather, needs the staff to cover the curtain and advances to keep off the rain usually, and efficiency is very low.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an intelligent solarization garden system and a using method thereof, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the utility model provides an intelligent solarization drying ground system, its includes plate link chain, drive wheel, stone mechanism, sun-drying mechanism, collects fill, belt cleaning device, drying-machine and well control computer, the plate link chain cover is in outside the drive wheel, the drive wheel drives the plate link chain transmission, the plate link chain passes through in proper order stone mechanism sun-drying mechanism collect fill belt cleaning device drying-machine, stone mechanism is used for providing the raw materials and lays the raw materials on the plate link chain, sun-drying mechanism includes sun-drying area and rainshelter, the rainshelter is fixed one side in the sun-drying area, sun-drying area is equipped with humidity transducer and light sensor, well control computer respectively with humidity transducer with the light sensor electricity is connected, well control computer basis humidity transducer with the signal control of light sensor transmission stone mechanism moves or stops, the central control machine controls the rain shelter to shrink or the sun-cured area to expand according to the signal transmitted by the humidity sensor, the collecting hopper is located on one side of the plate chain and used for collecting the raw materials after sun-cured, the cleaning device is used for cleaning the plate chain, and the dryer is used for drying the plate chain.
Further, stone mechanism includes hopper and cylinder, the surface of cylinder is equipped with a plurality of recesses, recess interval distribution, the recess rotates along with the rotation of cylinder, the recess is located the initial end top of flat link chain, the cylinder orientation one side of flat link chain is equipped with the dog, works as when the cylinder rotates, the dog shelters from the recess of level orientation, the hopper is located the cylinder top, the hopper is equipped with the delivery outlet, the delivery outlet orientation the top of cylinder.
Further, the grooves are arranged in multiple rows along the axial direction of the roller, and the grooves in each row are distributed at intervals.
Further, one side of collecting the fill is equipped with the cylinder, the cylinder be connected with the push pedal, the push pedal is in the plate link chain top, the cylinder promotes the push rod passes through the plate link chain and towards the direction of the entry of collecting the fill removes.
Further, the cleaning device comprises a first cleaning mechanism, a first brush roller, a first water collecting tank, a cleaning tank, a second cleaning mechanism and a second water collecting tank, the plate chain sequentially passes through the first cleaning mechanism, the first brush roller, the cleaning tank and the second cleaning mechanism, the first cleaning mechanism comprises a plurality of first nozzles, the first nozzles face the plate chain, the first brush roller is in contact with the upper surface of the plate chain, the first cleaning mechanism and the first brush roller are both located right above the first water collecting tank, the plate chain is immersed in the cleaning tank, the second cleaning mechanism comprises a plurality of second nozzles, the second nozzles face the plate chain, and the second cleaning mechanism is located right above the second water collecting tank.
Furthermore, the first cleaning mechanism comprises four groups of first nozzles, the first nozzles face to the inclined direction relative to the plate surface of the plate chain, the four groups of first nozzles surround the plate chain and are distributed in a rectangular shape, and the first nozzles and the plate chain are mutually staggered in the vertical direction.
Further, a shearing fork mechanism is arranged below the cleaning tank and connected with the cleaning tank, and the shearing fork mechanism is used for controlling the cleaning tank to lift.
Further, the cleaning device further comprises a second brush roller, the second brush roller is in contact with the upper surface of the plate chain, the second brush roller is located between the cleaning tank and the second cleaning mechanism, and the second brush roller is located right above the second water collecting tank.
Further, a sterilizing lamp is arranged below the driving wheel and illuminates the plate chain.
The use method of the intelligent sun-shine yard system comprises the following steps that the central control computer establishes a first threshold and a second threshold; the central control machine receives signals of the illumination sensor and the humidity sensor, when the signal sent by the illumination sensor is larger than the first threshold value and the signal sent by the humidity sensor is smaller than the second threshold value, the central control machine controls the paving mechanism to operate, the paving mechanism paves raw materials on the plate chain, the plate chain starts to transmit, and the plate chain brings the raw materials to the solarization area for solarization; the central control machine continuously receives signals of the humidity sensor, and when the signals sent by the humidity sensor are larger than a second threshold value, the rain shelter is unfolded towards the direction of the sun-shading area; the plate chain conveys the raw materials to one side of the collecting hopper, and the raw materials are loaded into the collecting hopper; and the plate chain is transmitted to the cleaning device for cleaning and then transmitted to the dryer for drying.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the central control machine is matched with the humidity sensor and the illumination sensor, so that automatic efficient spreading is achieved, the influence of rainwater on the quality of raw materials is avoided, full automation is achieved from spreading to equipment cleaning in the whole fruit making preserved fruit process, and production efficiency is improved.
Drawings
The figures further illustrate the invention, but the examples in the figures do not constitute any limitation of the invention.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a material spreading mechanism and a sun-drying mechanism;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the drum;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a push plate;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the cleaning apparatus;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the first cleaning mechanism.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, an intelligent solarization farm system comprises a plate chain 1, a material spreading mechanism, a sun drying mechanism, a collecting hopper 2, a cleaning device, a dryer 3, a driving wheel and a central control machine. The plate chain 1 is sleeved outside the driving wheel 23, the driving wheel 23 drives the plate chain 1 to transmit, wherein the driving wheel 23 is driven by a servo motor to rotate, and the plate chain 1 sequentially passes through the material paving mechanism, the sun drying mechanism, the collecting hopper 2, the cleaning device and the dryer 3 and finally returns to the material paving mechanism to form a circulation. The spreading mechanism comprises a hopper 4 and a roller 5, wherein the axial direction of the roller 5 extends along the horizontal direction, the roller 5 is positioned above the initial end of the plate chain 1, and the roller 5 rotates downwards towards one surface of the plate chain 1. Hopper 4 is located 5 tops of cylinder, hopper 4 is equipped with the delivery outlet, the delivery outlet orientation the top of cylinder 5, hopper 4 is used for loading the raw materials, and the raw materials is the fruit of treating the sun-drying, wherein the delivery outlet department of hopper 4 is equipped with the solenoid valve, and on-off control through the solenoid valve fruit in the hopper 4 is followed the delivery outlet drops, and fruit follows the delivery outlet comes out the back and can drop the top of cylinder 5.
As shown in fig. 1-4, the surface of the drum 5 is provided with a plurality of grooves 6, the grooves 6 are used for accommodating fruits to be sunned, each groove 6 can accommodate only one fruit, and the groove 6 is positioned above the initial end of the plate link 1. The grooves 6 are distributed at intervals, the grooves 6 are arranged in multiple rows along the axial direction of the roller 5, the grooves 6 in each row are distributed at intervals, the grooves 6 rotate along with the rotation of the roller 5, when the battery valve of the hopper 4 is opened, fruits are output from the hopper 4 and fall onto the top end of the roller 5, part of the fruits fall into the grooves 6 at the top end of the roller 5 along with the rotation of the roller 5, the fruits do not fall onto the plate chain 1 until the grooves 6 filled with the fruits rotate two times along with the roller 5, and the fruits falling onto the plate chain 1 can also be arranged in one row at intervals due to the fact that the grooves 6 are arranged in one row at intervals. The cylinder 5 orientation one side of flat link 1 is equipped with dog 7, dog 7 orientation the one side of cylinder 5 is the cambered surface, and this cambered surface with the curved surface phase-match of cylinder 5, dog 7 with only leave the clearance that can't pass fruit between the cylinder 5, work as when cylinder 5 rotates, dog 7 shelters from the recess 6 of level orientation, dog 7 is used for restricting fruit and comes out in the recess 6, ensures that recess 6 only when down, and fruit just can come out in the recess 6. Sun-dry mechanism includes sun-cured area 8 and rainshelter 9, sun-cured area 8 is located one side of rainshelter 9, rainshelter 9 is located 1 top of plate link, wherein rainshelter 9 is the folded cascade's of motor control canopy, drives the curtain expansion or the shrink of rainshelter 9 through the motor, when raining, will the curtain of rainshelter 9 is past the direction pulling and the expansion of stone mechanism, so handle the occupation of land space that can save rainshelter 9. Shine district 8 and be equipped with humidity transducer and light sensor, well accuse machine respectively with humidity transducer with the light sensor electricity is connected, well accuse machine basis humidity transducer with the signal control of light sensor transmission stone mechanism operation or stop, work as when humidity transducer detects humidity too high, perhaps when light sensor detects sunshine not enough, stone mechanism stall avoids unable sun-drying fruit. Well accuse machine basis humidity transducer transmits signal control 9 shrink of rainshelter or to 8 expandes in the sunshine district, works as humidity transducer detects that humidity on every side becomes, when probably will raining, well accuse machine is then steerable 9 expandes in the rainshelter, avoids fruit to drench to the rainwater. Through well accuse machine with humidity transducer with light sensor cooperatees to realize selecting automatic high-efficient stone material, and avoid the rainwater to influence the quality of raw materials.
As shown in fig. 1-4, the collecting hopper 2 is located on a side surface of the plate link chain 1, an air cylinder 11 is arranged on one side of the collecting hopper 2, a push plate 10 is connected to the air cylinder 11, the push plate 10 is fixed on a piston rod of the air cylinder 11, the push plate 10 is above the plate link chain 1, and a distance between the push plate 10 and the plate link chain 1 cannot pass through fruits, the air cylinder 11 pushes the push plate 10 to move back and forth above the plate link chain 1, and a moving direction of the push plate 10 is perpendicular to a transmission direction of the plate link chain 1, and the air cylinder 11 can push the push rod to move through the plate link chain 1 and towards an inlet of the collecting hopper 2, and push dried fruits on the plate link chain 1 into the collecting hopper 2. In other embodiments, the dried fruits on the plate link 1 can be manually put into the collecting bucket 2.
As shown in fig. 1-6, the cleaning device includes a plurality of first nozzles 19, the first nozzles 19 face the plate link chain 1, when the plate link chain 1 dries the fruit again, the nutrient substances of the fruit are easy to remain on the plate link chain 1 and form dirt, the cleaning device can clean the plate link chain 1, the cleaned plate link chain 1 is transmitted to the dryer 3, the dryer 3 dries the plate link chain 1, and the next use is facilitated, wherein the dryer 3 can adopt the drying equipment commonly used in the market, and the dryer 3 does not need to be improved. The spreading mechanism arranges the dried fruits through the roller 5, so that the process of spreading the fruits manually is omitted, the whole process of making the preserved fruits is full-automatic from spreading to cleaning of equipment, and the production efficiency is improved. The cleaning device comprises a first cleaning mechanism 12, a first brush roller 13, a first water collecting tank 14, a cleaning tank 15, a second cleaning mechanism 16, a second water collecting tank 17 and a second brush roller 18, the plate chain 1 sequentially passes through the first cleaning mechanism 12, the first brush roller 13, the cleaning tank 15, the second brush roller 18 and the second cleaning mechanism 16, the first cleaning mechanism 12 comprises four groups of first nozzles 19, the first nozzles 19 are externally connected with a tap water pipe and a water pump, the spray heads of the first nozzles 19 face the plate chain 1, the orientation of the first nozzles 19 is inclined relative to the plate surface of the plate chain 1, the first nozzles 19 perform high-pressure water washing on the plate chain 1 so as to wash away dirt on the plate chain 1, wherein the four groups of first nozzles 19 surround the plate chain 1 and are distributed in a rectangular shape, and the first nozzles 19 and the plate chain 1 are vertically staggered with each other, therefore, when the plate chain 1 passes through the first cleaning mechanism 12, the upper plate surface and the lower plate surface of the plate chain 1 can be fully cleaned, and the first nozzle 19 cannot be polluted by the washed sewage.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the first brush roller 13 contacts with the upper surface of the plate chain 1, and the first brush roller 13 is driven by the motor to rotate, and after the plate chain 1 is cleaned by the first cleaning mechanism 12, dirt stuck on the plate chain 1 is scraped off by the first brush roller 13. The first cleaning mechanism 12 and the first brush roller 13 are both located right above the first water collecting tank 14, sewage generated after cleaning by the first cleaning mechanism 12 can fall into the first water collecting tank 14, and dirt scraped off by the first brush roller 13 can also fall into the first water collecting tank 14 along with water. After the plate chain 1 is washed by the first brush roller 13, the plate chain 1 is driven to the washing tank 15 and is immersed into the washing tank 15, the washing tank 15 utilizes liquid in the tank to dissolve dirt adhered to the plate chain 1, wherein the washing tank 15 can be selected to be in a proper size according to actual needs, so that the time for immersing the plate chain 1 in the washing tank 15 is prolonged, and tap water or detergent solution can be introduced into the washing tank 15. The second brush roller 18 is in contact with the upper surface of the plate chain 1, the second brush roller 18 is located between the cleaning tank 15 and the second cleaning mechanism 16, the second brush roller 18 is located right above the second water collecting tank 17, dirt scraped off by the second brush roller 18 can fall into the second water collecting tank 17 along with water, the plate chain 1 cleaned by the cleaning tank 15 is transmitted to the second brush roller 18, and the second brush roller 18 scrapes off the dirt softened due to soaking so as to ensure that no stubborn dirt remains on the plate chain 1.
As shown in fig. 1-5, the second cleaning mechanism 16 comprises a plurality of second nozzles 20, the second nozzles 20 are directed towards the plate link 1, the second cleaning mechanism 16 is located directly above the second water collection tank 17, and the sewage generated after the second cleaning mechanism 16 is cleaned can fall into the second water collection tank 17. The second cleaning mechanism 16 includes four sets of second nozzles 20, and the heads of the second nozzles 20 face the plate chain 1, and the second nozzles 20 face obliquely with respect to the plate surface of the plate chain 1, so that the second nozzles 20 can wash away the waste water remaining on the plate chain 1. Four sets of second nozzles 20 enclose outside the plate link chain 1 and be the rectangle distribution, second nozzle 20 with plate link chain 1 is not in same vertical direction, thereby ensures that when plate link chain 1 passes through second wiper mechanism 16, two upper and lower faces of plate link chain 1 can obtain fully once more and just the sewage after washing can not pollute second nozzle 20. The plate chain 1 washed by the second washing mechanism 16 is dried by the dryer 3, so that the whole plate chain 1 is washed, and the plate chain 1 is repeatedly washed by a plurality of links, so that the plate chain 1 is ensured not to have residual dirt, and the influence on the later use of the plate chain 1 is avoided. The below of drive wheel 23 is equipped with sterilamp 24, sterilamp 24 shine to the plate link chain, behind the cleaning work, plate link chain 1 is again past the direction transmission of stone mechanism prepares to let stone mechanism carries out the stone next time, passes through on the way sterilamp 24 sterilizes, ensures can not pollute the raw materials when 1 transport raw materials of plate link chain next time.
As shown in fig. 3-5, the outlet of the first nozzle 19 is oriented at an angle of 45 degrees with respect to the plate surface of the plate chain 1, which ensures that the first nozzle 19 efficiently washes the plate chain 1, so that the dirt is quickly peeled off from the plate chain 1. The cleaning device further comprises a guide mechanism, the guide mechanism comprises a first guide roller, a second guide roller, a third guide roller and a fourth guide roller, the plate chain 1 sequentially passes through the first guide roller, the second guide roller, the third guide roller, the fourth guide roller, the second guide roller and the third guide roller are lower than the first guide roller and the fourth guide roller, the second guide roller and the third guide roller are located in the cleaning tank 15, the plate chain 1 firstly passes through the first guide roller, the second guide roller and the third guide roller are obliquely turned to be inclined to extend and dip into the cleaning tank 15, the second guide roller, the third guide roller, the fourth guide roller and the fourth guide roller are horizontally turned to extend. The lower side of the cleaning tank 15 is provided with a scissor mechanism 21, the scissor mechanism 21 is connected with the cleaning tank 15, the scissor mechanism 21 is used for controlling the lifting of the cleaning tank 15, when the plate chain 1 is not required to be cleaned, the cleaning tank 15 can be lowered through the scissor mechanism 21, and the plate chain 1 is prevented from being easily corroded due to the fact that the plate chain 1 is soaked in liquid for a long time. The cleaning device further comprises a recovery mechanism 22, the water outlet of the first water collecting tank 14, the water outlet of the second water collecting tank 17 and the water outlet of the cleaning tank 15 are communicated with the recovery mechanism 22, wherein the recovery mechanism 22 can adopt the existing sewage and waste treatment device to recycle the sewage and dirt generated in the cleaning process. The water outlet of the cleaning tank 15 is provided with an electromagnetic valve for controlling the switch, when the staff sees that the liquid in the cleaning tank 15 becomes turbid, the electromagnetic valve of the cleaning tank 15 can be opened, and thus the dirty water in the cleaning tank 15 can be replaced.
1-5, a method of using an intelligent solarization farm system comprising the steps of the central control machine establishing a first threshold and a second threshold. The central control machine receives signals of the illumination sensor and the humidity sensor, when the signals sent by the illumination sensor are larger than a first threshold value and the signals sent by the humidity sensor are smaller than a second threshold value, the central control machine controls the paving mechanism to operate, the paving mechanism paves raw materials on the plate chain 1, the plate chain 1 starts to transmit, and the plate chain 1 brings the raw materials to the solarization area for solarization; when the signal that illumination sensor sent is less than first threshold value, perhaps the signal that humidity transducer sent is greater than the second threshold value, well accuse machine closes spreading mechanism. The central control machine continuously receives signals of the humidity sensor, and when the signals sent by the humidity sensor are larger than a second threshold value, the rain shelter 9 is unfolded towards the direction of the sun-exposed area; when the signal from the humidity sensor is less than or equal to a second threshold value, the canopy 9 is retracted. The plate chain 1 transports the raw material to one side of the collecting hopper 2, and the raw material is loaded into the collecting hopper 2. And finally, the plate chain 1 is transmitted to the cleaning device for cleaning, and then is transmitted to the dryer 3 for drying.
The technical features of the embodiments described above may be arbitrarily combined, and for the sake of brevity, all possible combinations of the technical features in the embodiments described above are not described, but should be considered as being within the scope of the present specification as long as there is no contradiction between the combinations of the technical features.
The above-mentioned embodiments only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but not construed as limiting the scope of the invention. It should be noted that, for a person skilled in the art, several variations and modifications can be made without departing from the inventive concept, which falls within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present patent shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an intelligent solarization drying ground system, its characterized in that includes plate link chain, drive wheel, stone mechanism, sun-drying mechanism, collects and fight, belt cleaning device, drying-machine and well control computer, the plate link chain cover is in outside the drive wheel, the drive wheel drives the plate link chain transmission, the plate link chain passes through in proper order stone mechanism sun-drying mechanism collect fight belt cleaning device drying-machine, stone mechanism is used for providing the raw materials and lays the raw materials on the plate link chain, sun-drying mechanism includes insolate district and rainshelter, the rainshelter is fixed one side in the insolate district, the insolate district is equipped with humidity transducer and light sensor, well control computer respectively with humidity transducer with the light sensor electricity is connected, well control computer basis humidity transducer with the signal control of light sensor transmission stone mechanism moves or stops, the central control machine controls the rain shelter to shrink or the sun-cured area to expand according to the signal transmitted by the humidity sensor, the collecting hopper is located on one side of the plate chain and used for collecting the raw materials after sun-cured, the cleaning device is used for cleaning the plate chain, and the dryer is used for drying the plate chain.
2. The intelligent solarization farm system of claim 1, characterized in that: the stone material mechanism includes hopper and cylinder, the surface of cylinder is equipped with a plurality of recesses, recess interval distribution, the recess rotates along with the rotation of cylinder, the recess is located the initial end top of flat link chain, the cylinder orientation one side of flat link chain is equipped with the dog, works as when the cylinder rotates, the dog shelters from the recess of level orientation, the hopper is located the cylinder top, the hopper is equipped with the delivery outlet, the delivery outlet orientation the top of cylinder.
3. The intelligent solarization farm system of claim 2, characterized in that: the grooves are arranged in multiple rows along the axial direction of the roller, and the grooves in each row are distributed at intervals.
4. The intelligent solarization farm system of claim 2, characterized in that: one side of collecting the fill is equipped with the cylinder, the cylinder be connected with the push pedal, the push pedal is in the plate link chain top, the cylinder promotes the push rod process the plate link chain just towards the direction of the entry of collecting the fill removes.
5. The intelligent solarization farm system of claim 1, characterized in that: the cleaning device comprises a first cleaning mechanism, a first brush roller, a first water collecting tank, a cleaning tank, a second cleaning mechanism and a second water collecting tank, wherein the plate chain sequentially passes through the first cleaning mechanism, the first brush roller, the cleaning tank and the second cleaning mechanism, the first cleaning mechanism comprises a plurality of first nozzles, the first nozzles face the plate chain, the first brush roller is in contact with the upper surface of the plate chain, the first cleaning mechanism and the first brush roller are both located right above the first water collecting tank, the plate chain is immersed in the cleaning tank, the second cleaning mechanism comprises a plurality of second nozzles, the second nozzles face the plate chain, and the second cleaning mechanism is located right above the second water collecting tank.
6. The intelligent solarization farm system of claim 5, wherein: the first cleaning mechanism comprises four groups of first nozzles, the first nozzles face to the inclined plate surface of the plate chain, the four groups of first nozzles surround the plate chain and are distributed in a rectangular mode, and the first nozzles and the plate chain are staggered in the vertical direction.
7. The intelligent solarization farm system of claim 5, wherein: the cleaning tank is provided with a shearing fork mechanism below, the shearing fork mechanism is connected with the cleaning tank, and the shearing fork mechanism is used for controlling the cleaning tank to lift.
8. The intelligent solarization farm system of claim 5, wherein: the cleaning device further comprises a second brush roller, the second brush roller is in contact with the upper surface of the plate chain, the second brush roller is located between the cleaning tank and the second cleaning mechanism, and the second brush roller is located right above the second water collecting tank.
9. The intelligent solarization farm system of claim 5, wherein: and a sterilizing lamp is arranged below the driving wheel and illuminates the plate chain.
10. Use of the intelligent solarization farm system according to any of the claims 1 to 9, characterized by the following steps:
the central control machine establishes a first threshold value and a second threshold value;
the central control machine receives signals of the illumination sensor and the humidity sensor, when the signal sent by the illumination sensor is larger than the first threshold value and the signal sent by the humidity sensor is smaller than the second threshold value, the central control machine controls the paving mechanism to operate, the paving mechanism paves raw materials on the plate chain, the plate chain starts to transmit, and the plate chain brings the raw materials to the solarization area for solarization;
the central control machine continuously receives signals of the humidity sensor, and when the signals sent by the humidity sensor are larger than a second threshold value, the rain shelter is unfolded towards the direction of the sun-shading area;
the plate chain conveys the raw materials to one side of the collecting hopper, and the raw materials are loaded into the collecting hopper;
and the plate chain is transmitted to the cleaning device for cleaning and then transmitted to the dryer for drying.
CN202010868655.6A 2020-08-25 2020-08-25 Intelligent sun-drying field system and application method thereof Active CN111938010B (en)

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CN112889992A (en) * 2021-01-21 2021-06-04 广东济公保健食品有限公司 Intelligent sun drying system for preserved fruit
CN112931898A (en) * 2021-03-09 2021-06-11 广东省农业科学院蚕业与农产品加工研究所 Single-layer belt type drying equipment suitable for drying in sunlight

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CN103340471A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-10-09 扬州福尔喜果蔬汁机械有限公司 Dryer for fruits and vegetables and processing method thereof
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