CN111890173A - A high-efficient type grinding equipment for metal product processing - Google Patents

A high-efficient type grinding equipment for metal product processing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111890173A
CN111890173A CN202010644976.8A CN202010644976A CN111890173A CN 111890173 A CN111890173 A CN 111890173A CN 202010644976 A CN202010644976 A CN 202010644976A CN 111890173 A CN111890173 A CN 111890173A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe
shaft
workbench
rotating shaft
fixed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202010644976.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈科
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Lindian Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Guangzhou Lindian Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangzhou Lindian Technology Co ltd filed Critical Guangzhou Lindian Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202010644976.8A priority Critical patent/CN111890173A/en
Publication of CN111890173A publication Critical patent/CN111890173A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B19/00Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B5/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of air flow or gas flow
    • B08B5/04Cleaning by suction, with or without auxiliary action
    • B08B5/043Cleaning travelling work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B53/00Devices or means for dressing or conditioning abrasive surfaces
    • B24B53/007Cleaning of grinding wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/02Equipment for cooling the grinding surfaces, e.g. devices for feeding coolant

Abstract

The invention relates to a high-efficiency grinding device for processing metal products, which comprises a workbench, a grinding wheel, a rotating shaft and two first bearings, the rotating shaft is horizontally arranged above the workbench, the inner rings of the two first bearings are respectively arranged at the two ends of the rotating shaft, the outer ring of the first bearing is fixedly connected with the workbench, the grinding wheel is arranged at the middle end of the rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is provided with a driving device, the driving device is in transmission connection with the rotating shaft, the workbench is provided with an execution system, the workbench is provided with a cooling mechanism, the rotating shaft is provided with a cleaning mechanism, the cleaning mechanism comprises a fixed pipe, two sealing blocks and two cleaning components, this a high-efficient type grinding equipment for metal product processing has realized the function of cleaing away the piece on the emery wheel through clean mechanism, not only, has still realized the cooling to emery wheel and work piece through cooling body.

Description

A high-efficient type grinding equipment for metal product processing
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of metal product processing equipment, in particular to efficient grinding equipment for processing metal products.
Background
The grinding machine is one of metal product processing equipment, and is a machine tool for grinding a workpiece surface by using a grinding tool, most of the grinding machines perform grinding processing by using a grinding wheel rotating at a high speed, and a few of the grinding machines perform processing by using other grinding tools such as oilstones, abrasive belts and the like and free abrasives, such as a honing machine, a super finishing machine, an abrasive belt grinding machine, a polishing machine and the like.
Current grinding machine is in the course of working, can make the piece adhesion on the emery wheel, lead to the emery wheel passivation, influence machining efficiency, moreover, in order to realize the cooling to work piece and emery wheel, all can spray the coolant liquid during processing, when emery wheel rotational speed is lower, the temperature that work piece and emery wheel produced can be on the low side, excessively spray the coolant liquid then can cause the waste, and when emery wheel rotational speed is very fast, the temperature that work piece and emery wheel produced can be on the high side, spray the coolant liquid that waters and then can't realize reliable cooling, the practicality has been reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: in order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the efficient grinding equipment for processing the metal products is provided.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a high-efficiency grinding device for processing metal products comprises a workbench, a grinding wheel, a rotating shaft and two first bearings, wherein the rotating shaft is horizontally arranged above the workbench, inner rings of the two first bearings are respectively arranged at two ends of the rotating shaft, outer rings of the first bearings are fixedly connected with the workbench, the grinding wheel is arranged at the middle end of the rotating shaft, a driving device is arranged on the rotating shaft and is in transmission connection with the rotating shaft, an execution system is arranged on the workbench, a cooling mechanism is arranged on the workbench, and a cleaning mechanism is arranged on the rotating shaft;
the cleaning mechanism comprises a fixed pipe, two sealing blocks and two cleaning components, the fixed pipe is parallel to the rotating shaft and is positioned above the grinding wheel, the two sealing blocks are respectively sealed and fixedly connected with two ends of the fixed pipe, the fixed pipe is fixedly connected with the workbench, an opening is formed in the bottom of the fixed pipe, the opening is arranged opposite to the grinding wheel, the cleaning components correspond to the sealing blocks one by one, and the cleaning components are positioned between the opening and the sealing blocks;
the cleaning assembly comprises an air pipe, a driving bevel gear, a driven bevel gear, a connecting shaft, a second bearing, fan blades and a mounting hole, the driving bevel gear is mounted on the connecting shaft, the mounting hole is formed in the bottom of the fixed pipe, the connecting shaft vertically penetrates through the mounting hole, the connecting shaft is connected with the inner wall of the mounting hole in a sliding and sealing mode, the driven bevel gear is mounted at the bottom end of the connecting shaft and meshed with the driving bevel gear, the fan blades are mounted at the top end of the connecting shaft, the air pipe and the connecting shaft are coaxially arranged, the air pipe is arranged at the top of the fixed pipe and communicated with the fixed pipe, the fan blades are located in the air pipe, the inner ring of the second bearing is mounted on the rotating shaft, and the;
the cooling mechanism comprises a fixed box and two cooling assemblies, the fixed box is fixed at the bottom of the workbench, cooling liquid is arranged in the fixed box, the cooling assemblies correspond to the first bearings one by one, and the grinding wheel is positioned between the two cooling assemblies;
the cooling assembly comprises a connecting pipe, a nozzle, a sealing ring and an execution unit, the connecting pipe is parallel to the air pipe, the connecting pipe penetrates through the tops of the workbench and the cooling liquid, the sealing ring and the connecting pipe are coaxially arranged, the sealing ring and the nozzle are both positioned between the workbench and the rotating shaft, the sealing ring is hermetically and fixedly connected with the top end of the connecting pipe, the bottom end of the connecting pipe is positioned in the cooling liquid, the nozzle is positioned between the two connecting pipes, and the nozzle is installed on the connecting pipe and positioned between the workbench and the sealing ring;
the execution unit comprises an eccentric wheel, a ball, a driving shaft, a movable disc, a first one-way valve and two second one-way valves, the movable disc and the driving shaft are coaxially arranged with the connecting pipe, the driving shaft penetrates through the sealing ring, the driving shaft is in sliding and sealing connection with the sealing ring, the movable disc is arranged in the connecting pipe and fixed at the bottom end of the driving shaft, the movable disc is positioned below the nozzle, the movable disc is in sliding and sealing connection with the inner wall of the connecting pipe, the first one-way valve is installed in the connecting pipe and positioned below the movable disc, the movable disc is provided with two round holes, the round holes are circumferentially and uniformly distributed by taking the axis of the driving shaft as the center, the second one-way valves are in one-to-one correspondence with the round holes and installed in the round holes, the eccentric wheel is installed on the rotating shaft, the ball is positioned, the periphery of eccentric wheel is equipped with the ring channel, the centre of sphere of ball sets up in the ring channel, the ball with the matching of ring channel and with the inner wall sliding connection of ring channel, the notch width of the ball footpath unit ring channel of ball.
Preferably, in order to improve the cooling effect, a refrigeration rod is arranged at the bottom in the fixed box.
Preferably, in order to reduce noise, an acoustic board is arranged in the fixing pipe.
Preferably, to achieve debris collection, a screen is mounted in each of the two air tubes.
Preferably, in order to reduce a gap between the inner wall of the connection pipe and the moving plate, the inner wall of the connection pipe is coated with a sealing grease.
Preferably, both ends of the drive shaft are chamfered to facilitate mounting of the drive shaft.
Preferably, the driving bevel gear is coated with a lubricating oil in order to reduce a frictional force between the driving bevel gear and the driven bevel gear.
Preferably, the number of teeth of the driving bevel gear is greater than the number of teeth of the driven bevel gear in order to enhance the wheel cleaning effect.
Preferably, in order to prolong the service life of the fixing box, the fixing box is provided with an anti-corrosion zinc coating.
Preferably, in order to detect the content of the cooling liquid in the fixed box, a water level sensor is arranged at the bottom in the fixed box, an alarm and a PLC are arranged on the fixed box, and the water level sensor and the alarm are both electrically connected with the PLC.
The high-efficiency grinding equipment for processing the metal products has the advantages that the function of removing chips on the grinding wheel is realized through the cleaning mechanism, compared with the existing cleaning mechanism, the cleaning mechanism can improve the flowing speed of air around the grinding wheel, namely, the cooling effect of the grinding wheel can be improved, in addition, the cooling mechanism is used for cooling the grinding wheel and a workpiece, compared with the existing cooling mechanism, the cooling mechanism can adjust the using amount of cooling liquid through the rotating speed of the grinding wheel, and the practicability is higher.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a high-efficiency grinding apparatus for metal product processing according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the cleaning assembly of the high-efficiency grinding apparatus for metal product processing of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of portion B of FIG. 1;
in the figure: 1. the air conditioner comprises a workbench, 2, a grinding wheel, 3, a rotating shaft, 4, a first bearing, 5, a fixed pipe, 6, a sealing block, 7, an air pipe, 8, a driving bevel gear, 9, a driven bevel gear, 10, a connecting shaft, 11, a second bearing, 12, fan blades, 13, a fixed box, 14, a connecting pipe, 15, a nozzle, 16, a sealing ring, 17, an eccentric wheel, 18, a ball, 19, a driving shaft, 20, a moving disc, 21, a first one-way valve, 22, a second one-way valve, 23, a refrigerating rod, 24, a sound absorption plate, 25, a filter screen, 26, a water level sensor and 27 and an alarm.
Detailed Description
The present invention will now be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. These drawings are simplified schematic views illustrating only the basic structure of the present invention in a schematic manner, and thus show only the constitution related to the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-2, an efficient grinding device for processing metal products comprises a workbench 1, a grinding wheel 2, a rotating shaft 3 and two first bearings 4, wherein the rotating shaft 3 is horizontally arranged above the workbench 1, inner rings of the two first bearings 4 are respectively installed at two ends of the rotating shaft 3, outer rings of the first bearings 4 are fixedly connected with the workbench 1, the grinding wheel 2 is installed at the middle end of the rotating shaft 3, a driving device is arranged on the rotating shaft 3, the driving device is in transmission connection with the rotating shaft 3, an execution system is arranged on the workbench 1, a cooling mechanism is arranged on the workbench 1, and a cleaning mechanism is arranged on the rotating shaft 3;
the cleaning mechanism comprises a fixed pipe 4, two sealing blocks 6 and two cleaning components, wherein the fixed pipe 4 is parallel to the rotating shaft 3 and is positioned above the grinding wheel 2, the two sealing blocks 6 are respectively sealed and fixedly connected with two ends of the fixed pipe 4, the fixed pipe 4 is fixedly connected with the workbench 1, an opening is formed in the bottom of the fixed pipe 4, the opening is arranged opposite to the grinding wheel 2, the cleaning components correspond to the sealing blocks 6 one by one, and the cleaning components are positioned between the opening and the sealing blocks 6;
the cleaning assembly comprises an air pipe 7, a driving bevel gear 8, a driven bevel gear 9, a connecting shaft 10, a second bearing 11, fan blades 12 and a mounting hole, wherein the driving bevel gear 8 is mounted on the connecting shaft 10, the mounting hole is formed in the bottom of the fixed pipe 4, the connecting shaft 10 vertically penetrates through the mounting hole, the connecting shaft 10 is connected with the inner wall of the mounting hole in a sliding and sealing mode, the driven bevel gear 9 is mounted at the bottom end of the connecting shaft 10 and meshed with the driving bevel gear 8, the fan blades 12 are mounted at the top end of the connecting shaft 10, the air pipe 7 and the connecting shaft 10 are coaxially arranged, the air pipe 7 is arranged at the top of the fixed pipe 4 and communicated with the fixed pipe 4, the fan blades 12 are located in the air pipe 7, the inner ring of the second bearing 11 is mounted on the rotating shaft 3, and;
place the work piece on workstation 1, afterwards, make the work piece lean on with emery wheel 2 through actuating system, afterwards, make axis of rotation 3 rotate under the supporting role of first bearing 4 through drive arrangement, the rotation of axis of rotation 3 drives emery wheel 2 and rotates, can realize the grinding to the work piece, and, the rotation of axis of rotation 3 drives driven bevel gear 9 through drive shaft 19 bevel gear and rotates, driven bevel gear 9's rotation drives connecting axle 10 and rotates under the supporting role of second bearing 11, can make flabellum 12 rotate, the rotation through flabellum 12 makes the air in the fixed tube 4 discharge from trachea 7, and the outside air of fixed tube 4 then is carried to fixed tube 4 in from the opening, can make the piece on emery wheel 2 inhale in the fixed tube 4 under the effect of air current, can realize the function of clean emery wheel 2.
As shown in fig. 3-4, the cooling mechanism includes a fixed box 13 and two cooling assemblies, the fixed box 13 is fixed at the bottom of the worktable 1, cooling liquid is provided in the fixed box 13, the cooling assemblies correspond to the first bearings 4 one by one, and the grinding wheel 2 is located between the two cooling assemblies;
the cooling assembly comprises a connecting pipe 14, a nozzle 15, a sealing ring 16 and an execution unit, wherein the connecting pipe 14 is parallel to the air pipe 7, the connecting pipe 14 penetrates through the tops of the workbench 1 and the cooling liquid, the sealing ring 16 and the connecting pipe 14 are coaxially arranged, the sealing ring 16 and the nozzle 15 are both positioned between the workbench 1 and the rotating shaft 3, the sealing ring 16 is hermetically and fixedly connected with the top end of the connecting pipe 14, the bottom end of the connecting pipe 14 is positioned in the cooling liquid, the nozzle 15 is positioned between the two connecting pipes 14, and the nozzle 15 is installed on the connecting pipe 14 and positioned between the workbench 1 and the sealing ring 16;
the execution unit comprises an eccentric wheel 17, a ball 18, a driving shaft 19, a movable disc 20, a first one-way valve 21 and two second one-way valves 22, wherein the movable disc 20 and the driving shaft 19 are coaxially arranged with the connecting pipe 14, the driving shaft 19 penetrates through the sealing ring 16, the driving shaft 19 is in sliding and sealing connection with the sealing ring 16, the movable disc 20 is arranged in the connecting pipe 14 and fixed at the bottom end of the driving shaft 19, the movable disc 20 is positioned below the nozzle 15, the movable disc 20 is in sliding and sealing connection with the inner wall of the connecting pipe 14, the first one-way valve 21 is arranged in the connecting pipe 14 and positioned below the movable disc 20, the movable disc 20 is provided with two circular holes which are circumferentially and uniformly distributed by taking the axis of the driving shaft 19 as a center, the second one-to-one correspondence with the circular holes are arranged in the circular holes, the eccentric wheel 17 is arranged on the rotating, the ball 18 is positioned between the eccentric wheel 17 and the workbench 1, the ball 18 is fixed at the top end of the driving shaft 19, an annular groove is formed in the periphery of the eccentric wheel 17, the center of the ball 18 is arranged in the annular groove, the ball 18 is matched with the annular groove and is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the annular groove, and the width of a groove opening of the annular groove of the ball diameter unit of the ball 18 is larger than that of the groove opening of the annular groove.
The rotation of the rotating shaft 3 drives the eccentric wheel 17 to rotate, the rotation of the eccentric wheel 17 drives the driving shaft 19 to realize reciprocating lifting through the ball 18, the reciprocating lifting of the driving shaft 19 drives the moving disc 20 to realize reciprocating lifting in the connecting pipe 14, when the moving disc 20 lifts, through the one-way characteristic of the first one-way valve 21, the cooling liquid above the moving disc 20 can not be conveyed to the lower part of the moving disc 20 from a circular hole, and the cooling liquid in the fixed box 13 is conveyed into the connecting pipe 14, namely, the cooling liquid in the connecting pipe 14 can be sprayed out from the nozzle 15 and acted on a workpiece, when the moving disc 20 descends, through the one-way characteristic of the second one-way valve 22, the cooling liquid in the connecting pipe 14 can not be conveyed into the fixed box 13, and the cooling liquid below the moving disc 20 is conveyed to the upper part of the moving disc 20 from the circular hole, and the effect of intermittently spraying the cooling liquid by the nozzle 15 can, the frequency of the cooling liquid sprayed by the nozzle 15 is in direct proportion to the rotating speed of the rotating shaft 3, and the rotating speed of the grinding wheel 2 can be in direct proportion to the frequency of the cooling liquid sprayed by the nozzle 15 due to the synchronous rotation of the grinding wheel 2 and the rotating shaft 3, and the more heat is generated as the rotating speed of the grinding wheel 2 is higher, so that the heat generated by the grinding wheel 2 is more, and the adjustment of the using amount of the cooling liquid can be realized.
Preferably, in order to improve the cooling effect, a refrigerating rod 23 is arranged at the bottom inside the fixed box 13.
The function of the cooling rod 23 is to reduce the temperature of the cooling liquid and improve the cooling effect.
Preferably, a sound-absorbing plate 24 is provided in the stationary pipe 4 for noise reduction.
The sound-absorbing plate 24 is used for absorbing noise in the fixed pipe 4 and reducing noise.
Preferably, in order to achieve the collection of the debris, a filter screen 25 is installed in each of the two air pipes 7.
The filter screen 25 is used for trapping the debris entering the air pipe 7 and collecting the debris.
Preferably, in order to reduce the gap between the inner wall of the connection pipe 14 and the moving plate 20, the inner wall of the connection pipe 14 is coated with a sealing grease.
The sealing grease functions to reduce a gap between the inner wall of the connection pipe 14 and the moving plate 20, and improves sealability.
Preferably, both ends of the driving shaft 19 are chamfered for facilitating the installation of the driving shaft 19.
The chamfer serves to reduce the diameter of the drive shaft 19 as it passes through the seal ring 16, providing ease of installation.
Preferably, the driving bevel gear 8 is coated with a lubricating oil in order to reduce the frictional force between the driving bevel gear 8 and the driven bevel gear 9.
The lubricating oil has the function of reducing the friction force between the driving bevel gear 8 and the driven bevel gear 9, and the smoothness of driving the driven bevel gear 9 to rotate by the driving bevel gear 8 is improved.
Preferably, the number of teeth of the driving bevel gear 8 is greater than that of the driven bevel gear 9 in order to improve the cleaning effect of the grinding wheel 2.
In the gear transmission, the number of teeth is inversely proportional to the rotating speed, so that the rotating speed of the driven bevel gear 9 can be increased, namely the rotating speed of the fan blades 12 is increased, the capability of sucking chips on the grinding wheel 2 can be improved by increasing the rotating speed of the fan blades 12, and the cleaning effect of the grinding wheel 2 can be improved.
Preferably, in order to prolong the service life of the fixing box 13, the fixing box 13 is provided with an anti-corrosion zinc coating.
The function of anticorrosive zinc coating is to promote the rust-resistant ability of fixed case 13, prolongs the life of fixed case 13.
Preferably, in order to detect the content of the cooling liquid in the fixed tank 13, a water level sensor 26 is disposed at the bottom of the fixed tank 13, an alarm 27 and a PLC are disposed on the fixed tank 13, and both the water level sensor 26 and the alarm 27 are electrically connected to the PLC.
The content of the cooling liquid in the fixed box 13 is detected through the water level sensor 26, after the cooling liquid in the fixed box 13 is used up, the water level sensor 26 sends a signal to the PLC, and the PLC can be used as a programmable logic controller, is mainly used for realizing central data processing, and can enable the PLC to control the alarm 27 to give out an alarm sound.
The workpiece is placed on the workbench 1, then the workpiece is abutted against the grinding wheel 2 through an execution system, then the rotating shaft 3 is made to rotate under the supporting action of the first bearing 4 through the driving device, the grinding wheel 2 is driven to rotate through the rotation of the rotating shaft 3, the workpiece can be ground, in addition, the driven bevel gear 9 is driven to rotate through the bevel gear of the driving shaft 19 through the rotation of the rotating shaft 3, the connecting shaft 10 is driven to rotate under the supporting action of the second bearing 11 through the rotation of the driven bevel gear 9, the fan blades 12 can be rotated, the air in the fixed pipe 4 is discharged from the air pipe 7 through the rotation of the fan blades 12, the air outside the fixed pipe 4 is conveyed into the fixed pipe 4 from the opening, the scraps on the grinding wheel 2 can be sucked into the fixed pipe 4 under the action of air flow, the function of cleaning the grinding wheel 2 can be realized, and during the period, the rotation of the rotating shaft, the rotation of the eccentric wheel 17 drives the driving shaft 19 to realize reciprocating lifting through the balls 18, the reciprocating lifting of the driving shaft 19 drives the moving disk 20 to realize reciprocating lifting in the connecting pipe 14, when the moving disk 20 is lifted, the cooling liquid above the moving disk 20 cannot be conveyed to the lower part of the moving disk 20 from a circular hole through the one-way characteristics of the first one-way valve 21 and the second one-way valve 22, and the cooling liquid in the fixed box 13 is conveyed into the connecting pipe 14, namely, the cooling liquid in the connecting pipe 14 can be sprayed out from the nozzle 15 and acted on a workpiece, when the moving disk 20 is lowered, the cooling liquid in the connecting pipe 14 cannot be conveyed into the fixed box 13 through the one-way characteristics of the second one-way valve 22, and the cooling liquid below the moving disk 20 is conveyed to the upper part of the moving disk 20 from the circular hole, so as to reciprocate, the effect of intermittently spraying the cooling liquid by the nozzle 15 can be realized, and the frequency of spraying the cooling liquid by, because the grinding wheel 2 and the rotating shaft 3 rotate synchronously, the rotating speed of the grinding wheel 2 is in direct proportion to the frequency of the cooling liquid sprayed by the nozzle 15, and the more heat is generated as the rotating speed of the grinding wheel 2 is higher, so that the heat generated by the grinding wheel 2 can be used for adjusting the using amount of the cooling liquid.
Compared with the prior art, this a high-efficient type grinding equipment for metal product processing has realized cleaing away clastic function on emery wheel 2 through clean mechanism, compare with current clean mechanism, this clean mechanism can improve the flow velocity of emery wheel 2 surrounding air, can be in order to promote emery wheel 2 cooling effect, moreover, still realize the cooling to emery wheel 2 and work piece through cooling mechanism, compare with current cooling mechanism, this cooling mechanism can use the use amount of coolant liquid through the rotational speed regulation of emery wheel 2, the practicality is stronger.
In light of the foregoing description of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, many modifications and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the content of the specification, and must be determined according to the scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. The efficient grinding equipment for processing the metal products comprises a workbench (1), a grinding wheel (2), a rotating shaft (3) and two first bearings (4), wherein the rotating shaft (3) is horizontally arranged above the workbench (1), inner rings of the two first bearings (4) are respectively arranged at two ends of the rotating shaft (3), outer rings of the first bearings (4) are fixedly connected with the workbench (1), the grinding wheel (2) is arranged at the middle end of the rotating shaft (3), a driving device is arranged on the rotating shaft (3), the driving device is in transmission connection with the rotating shaft (3), and an execution system is arranged on the workbench (1) and is characterized in that a cooling mechanism is arranged on the workbench (1) and a cleaning mechanism is arranged on the rotating shaft (3);
the cleaning mechanism comprises a fixed pipe (4), two sealing blocks (6) and two cleaning assemblies, the fixed pipe (4) is parallel to the rotating shaft (3) and is positioned above the grinding wheel (2), the two sealing blocks (6) are respectively sealed and fixedly connected with two ends of the fixed pipe (4), the fixed pipe (4) is fixedly connected with the workbench (1), an opening is formed in the bottom of the fixed pipe (4), the opening is opposite to the grinding wheel (2), the cleaning assemblies correspond to the sealing blocks (6) one by one, and the cleaning assemblies are positioned between the opening and the sealing blocks (6);
the cleaning assembly comprises an air pipe (7), a driving bevel gear (8), a driven bevel gear (9), a connecting shaft (10), a second bearing (11), fan blades (12) and a mounting hole, the driving bevel gear (8) is mounted on the connecting shaft (10), the mounting hole is formed in the bottom of the fixed pipe (4), the connecting shaft (10) vertically penetrates through the mounting hole, the connecting shaft (10) is connected with the inner wall of the mounting hole in a sliding and sealing mode, the driven bevel gear (9) is mounted at the bottom end of the connecting shaft (10) and meshed with the driving bevel gear (8), the fan blades (12) are mounted at the top end of the connecting shaft (10), the air pipe (7) and the connecting shaft (10) are coaxially arranged, the air pipe (7) is arranged at the top of the fixed pipe (4) and communicated with the fixed pipe (4), the fan blades (12) are located in the air pipe (7), and the inner ring of the second bearing (11) is mounted on, the outer ring of the second bearing (11) is fixedly connected with the fixed pipe (4);
the cooling mechanism comprises a fixed box (13) and two cooling assemblies, the fixed box (13) is fixed at the bottom of the workbench (1), cooling liquid is arranged in the fixed box (13), the cooling assemblies correspond to the first bearings (4) one by one, and the grinding wheel (2) is positioned between the two cooling assemblies;
the cooling assembly comprises a connecting pipe (14), a nozzle (15), a sealing ring (16) and an execution unit, wherein the connecting pipe (14) is parallel to the air pipe (7), the connecting pipe (14) penetrates through the tops of the workbench (1) and the cooling liquid, the sealing ring (16) and the connecting pipe (14) are coaxially arranged, the sealing ring (16) and the nozzle (15) are both positioned between the workbench (1) and the rotating shaft (3), the sealing ring (16) is hermetically and fixedly connected with the top end of the connecting pipe (14), the bottom end of the connecting pipe (14) is positioned in the cooling liquid, the nozzle (15) is positioned between the two connecting pipes (14), and the nozzle (15) is installed on the connecting pipe (14) and positioned between the workbench (1) and the sealing ring (16);
the actuating unit comprises an eccentric wheel (17), a ball (18), a driving shaft (19), a moving disc (20), a first one-way valve (21) and two second one-way valves (22), the moving disc (20) and the driving shaft (19) are coaxially arranged with the connecting pipe (14), the driving shaft (19) penetrates through the sealing ring (16), the driving shaft (19) is in sliding and sealing connection with the sealing ring (16), the moving disc (20) is arranged in the connecting pipe (14) and fixed at the bottom end of the driving shaft (19), the moving disc (20) is positioned below the nozzle (15), the moving disc (20) is in sliding and sealing connection with the inner wall of the connecting pipe (14), the first one-way valve (21) is arranged in the connecting pipe (14) and positioned below the moving disc (20), two round holes are formed in the moving disc (20), and are circumferentially and uniformly distributed by taking the axis of the driving shaft (19) as the center, second check valve (22) and round hole one-to-one and install in the round hole, install on axis of rotation (3) eccentric wheel (17), ball (18) are located between eccentric wheel (17) and workstation (1), the top at drive shaft (19) is fixed in ball (18), the periphery of eccentric wheel (17) is equipped with the ring channel, the centre of sphere of ball (18) sets up in the ring channel, ball (18) and the matching of ring channel and with the inner wall sliding connection of ring channel, the notch width of the sphere diameter unit ring channel of ball (18).
2. A high-efficiency grinding apparatus for metal product working according to claim 1, characterized in that the bottom inside the stationary box (13) is provided with a refrigerating bar (23).
3. A high-efficiency grinding apparatus for metal product working according to claim 1, characterized in that a sound-absorbing plate (24) is provided in the stationary pipe (4).
4. A high-efficiency grinding apparatus for metal product working according to claim 1, characterized in that a strainer (25) is installed in each of the two air pipes (7).
5. A high-efficiency grinding apparatus for metal product processing according to claim 1, wherein the inner wall of said connecting pipe (14) is coated with a sealing grease.
6. A high-efficiency grinding apparatus for metal product working according to claim 1, wherein both ends of the drive shaft (19) are provided with chamfers.
7. The high-efficiency grinding apparatus for metal product working according to claim 1, wherein the drive bevel gear (8) is coated with a lubricating oil.
8. The high-efficiency grinding apparatus for metal product working according to claim 1, wherein the number of teeth of the drive bevel gear (8) is larger than the number of teeth of the driven bevel gear (9).
9. The high-efficiency grinding apparatus for metal product processing according to claim 1, wherein said stationary box (13) is provided with an anti-corrosion zinc plating layer.
10. The high-efficiency grinding apparatus for metal product processing according to claim 1, wherein a water level sensor (26) is provided at the bottom inside the stationary box (13), an alarm (27) and a PLC are provided on the stationary box (13), and both the water level sensor (26) and the alarm (27) are electrically connected to the PLC.
CN202010644976.8A 2020-07-07 2020-07-07 A high-efficient type grinding equipment for metal product processing Withdrawn CN111890173A (en)

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CN104117916A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-10-29 苏州塔可盛电子科技有限公司 Scrap accumulation prevention type semi-automatic reciprocating polishing device
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