CN111877511A - Afforestation rainwater collection utilizes system - Google Patents

Afforestation rainwater collection utilizes system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111877511A
CN111877511A CN202010665143.XA CN202010665143A CN111877511A CN 111877511 A CN111877511 A CN 111877511A CN 202010665143 A CN202010665143 A CN 202010665143A CN 111877511 A CN111877511 A CN 111877511A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
filter
water
rainwater
filtering
layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010665143.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈小华
周霞美
孙键
陆坚
王红娟
周丽丽
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Lvzhen Construction Co ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Lvzhen Construction Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Lvzhen Construction Co ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Lvzhen Construction Co ltd
Priority to CN202010665143.XA priority Critical patent/CN111877511A/en
Publication of CN111877511A publication Critical patent/CN111877511A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/04Gullies inlets, road sinks, floor drains with or without odour seals or sediment traps
    • E03F5/0401Gullies for use in roads or pavements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F1/00Methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage or storm water
    • E03F1/002Methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage or storm water with disposal into the ground, e.g. via dry wells
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F1/00Methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage or storm water
    • E03F1/002Methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage or storm water with disposal into the ground, e.g. via dry wells
    • E03F1/005Methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage or storm water with disposal into the ground, e.g. via dry wells via box-shaped elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/04Gullies inlets, road sinks, floor drains with or without odour seals or sediment traps
    • E03F5/0401Gullies for use in roads or pavements
    • E03F5/0404Gullies for use in roads or pavements with a permanent or temporary filtering device; Filtering devices specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/04Gullies inlets, road sinks, floor drains with or without odour seals or sediment traps
    • E03F5/06Gully gratings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/10Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/14Devices for separating liquid or solid substances from sewage, e.g. sand or sludge traps, rakes or grates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F9/00Arrangements or fixed installations methods or devices for cleaning or clearing sewer pipes, e.g. by flushing
    • E03F9/002Cleaning sewer pipes by mechanical means

Abstract

The application relates to a landscaping rainwater collecting and utilizing system, which relates to the technical field of rainwater collecting and utilizing and comprises a rainwater collecting device, a rainwater filtering device, a water storage device and a rainwater utilizing device which are sequentially communicated; the rainwater collecting device comprises a drainage channel and a vegetation water seepage device, the drainage channel is arranged at two sides of the road along the direction of the road, the vegetation water seepage device is arranged below the vegetation, and the vegetation water seepage device is communicated with the drainage channel; the rainwater filtering device comprises a filtering cylinder body, a plurality of drainage channels are gathered at the top of the filtering cylinder body, and a filtering net is arranged in the filtering cylinder body; the water storage device comprises a water storage tank, the water storage tank is buried in the ground bottom, and the bottom of the filtering cylinder body is communicated with the top of the water storage tank. The rainwater can't obtain utilizing among the prior art, has solved this application, causes the problem of a large amount of wastes of water resource, has the rainwater in collection, processing, the saving garden, reduces the waste of rainwater to utilize the rainwater, reduce the effect of gardens water.

Description

Afforestation rainwater collection utilizes system
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of rainwater collection and utilization, in particular to a system for collecting and utilizing landscaping rainwater.
Background
Gardens play an important role in urban construction, and become an important standard for judging whether cities are suitable for living, and most cities are fastened to build gardens at present so as to improve urban image. Landscaping is an important ring in the landscape construction, and in order to match the greenbelt in the gardens, need add corresponding water supply pipe usually, current landscaping water supply process is usually with the water source input, supplies water for the plant through modes such as spraying, watering, most water can not effectively be absorbed by the plant, in the drainage system of following drainage pipe inflow communal facility, this waste that has just caused the water resource.
When raining, especially when rainstorm occurs in succession in summer, more rainwater falls down, plants cannot absorb the rainwater in time, and cannot merge underground water in the soil subsidence in time, so that the rainwater cannot be effectively utilized and can only flow into a drainage system along with a drainage pipeline, and the waste of water resources is caused again.
Disclosure of Invention
To the not enough that correlation technique exists, the purpose of this application provides a system is utilized in afforestation rainwater collection, and it has the rainwater of collecting, handling, saving in the garden, reduces the waste of rainwater to utilize the rainwater, reduce the effect of gardens water.
The above application purpose of the present application is achieved by the following technical solutions:
a landscaping rainwater collecting and utilizing system comprises a rainwater collecting device, a rainwater filtering device, a water storage device and a rainwater utilizing device which are sequentially communicated;
the rainwater collecting device comprises a drainage channel and a vegetation water seepage device, the drainage channel is arranged on two sides of a road along the direction of the road, the vegetation water seepage device is arranged below vegetation, and the vegetation water seepage device is communicated with the drainage channel;
the rainwater filtering device comprises a filtering cylinder body, a plurality of drainage channels are gathered at the top of the filtering cylinder body, and a filtering net is arranged in the filtering cylinder body;
the water storage device comprises a water storage tank, the water storage tank is buried in the ground, and the bottom of the filtering cylinder body is communicated with the top of the water storage tank.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the rainwater in the gardens is collected to vegetation infiltration device and drainage channel to with the leading-in filter equipment of rainwater, store in the retaining pond after filtering, when the rainwater utilizes the device needs the water, derive from the retaining pond again, reduced the waste of rainwater, reduced the water in the gardens simultaneously, realized water conservation environmental protection.
The present application may be further configured in a preferred example to: the drain channel includes a plurality of drain passageways of splicing each other, the cross-section of drain passageway along vertical direction is character cut in bas-relief, the drain passageway is equipped with the lug along its length direction's one end, the drain passageway is kept away from the one end of lug be equipped with the recess of lug looks adaptation, the top of drain passageway is equipped with the drainage lid, there are a plurality of water drainage tank along its length direction array on the drainage lid, the confession has been seted up on the opposite face of drain passageway both sides wall the draw-in groove that drainage lid card was gone into.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, a plurality of mutual detachable drain canals, the transportation and the installation of being convenient for also change easily when the drain canals appear damaging simultaneously.
The present application may be further configured in a preferred example to: the vegetation infiltration device includes infiltration layer and first infiltration membrane, first infiltration membrane sets up in the vegetation below, the infiltration layer set up in the below of first infiltration membrane, the infiltration layer includes the rectangle permeable tank of a plurality of mutual concatenations, the rectangle permeable tank is densely covered and arranges, the inside cavity of rectangle permeable tank, and its surface is densely covered and is had a plurality of holes of permeating water, the permeable tank sets up the one deck at least.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, rivers are stored to the infiltration layer, sink in the sufficient time of feedwater stream and blend into groundwater, and rectangle permeable tank then can play the supporting role to the vegetation soil of infiltration layer top, the retaining of being convenient for simultaneously, and first infiltration film then can block vegetation soil, only supplies rivers to pass through, reduces the loss of vegetation soil.
The present application may be further configured in a preferred example to: the side wall of the drainage channel facing the water seepage layer is provided with a water seepage groove, a filter layer is arranged in the water seepage groove and comprises a metal mesh layer, a second water seepage film and an activated carbon layer, the metal mesh layer is arranged on two sides of the second water seepage film and the activated carbon layer relatively, and the water seepage groove is communicated with the top of the water seepage layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, during infiltration groove and infiltration layer intercommunication for when the infiltration layer internal water yield is more, unnecessary moisture is gone into the water drainage and is discharged, and the filter layer then can filter and purify infiltration intraformational water.
The present application may be further configured in a preferred example to: the filter screen is characterized in that a filter groove is formed in the filter screen, a filter box is installed in the filter groove, a sliding rail for the filter box to slide is arranged at the bottom of the filter screen, a sliding groove for the filter box to slide out is formed in the side wall of the filter cylinder, a sealing plate is arranged at one end, facing the outside of the filter cylinder, of the filter box, the sealing plate is connected with the sliding groove in a sealing mode, filter holes are densely distributed in the side wall and the bottom of the filter box, and a cleaning device for pushing pollutants into the filter box is arranged on the filter screen.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the filter screen can filter rivers, especially filters the large granule pollutant to push away the pollutant to filter the box through cleaning device, be convenient for clear away.
The present application may be further configured in a preferred example to: the cleaning device comprises a cleaning ring and a driving device, a plurality of scraping plates are arrayed on the inner wall of the cleaning ring along the circumferential direction of the cleaning ring, and one ends of the scraping plates, which are far away from the cleaning ring, are connected with one another;
drive arrangement includes internal gear, axis of rotation and pivot, the internal gear with clearance ring fixed connection, the axis of rotation with the lateral wall of filtering the barrel rotates to be connected and wears out the cartridge filter, be fixed with first bevel gear in the axis of rotation, the vertical setting of pivot is fixed in through the support on filtering the inner wall of barrel, the pivot with the support rotates to be connected, be fixed with in the pivot with first bevel gear meshed's second bevel gear, still be fixed with the gear in the pivot, the gear with the internal gear meshes mutually, the lateral wall of internal gear with the inner wall of filtering the barrel rotates to be connected.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the axis of rotation rotates and drives first bevel gear and rotate, and first bevel gear drives gear revolve again, and the gear then drives internal gear and rotates, and then makes the scraper blade clear up the filter screen.
The present application may be further configured in a preferred example to: the bottom of the filter cartridge is provided with a filter pipe, the filter pipe comprises a connecting pipe and a power pipe, the connecting pipe is oppositely arranged at two ends of the power pipe, and the two connecting pipes are respectively communicated with the bottom of the filter cartridge and the top of the reservoir;
the side wall of the power pipe is provided with a driving cavity, the junction of the driving cavity and the power pipe is rotatably connected with a driving shaft, the driving shaft is provided with a plurality of driving blades along the circumferential array, and the driving shaft is fixedly connected with the part of the rotating shaft penetrating out of the filtering cylinder.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the rivers that flow from filtering the barrel pass through connecting pipe and power pipe entering cistern again, and when the power pipe, rivers promote drive blade, drive the drive shaft and rotate, and then drive the axis of rotation and rotate for the scraper blade is in operating condition all the time, reduces the possibility that the jam appears in filter screen department.
The present application may be further configured in a preferred example to: still sliding connection has interim net in the slide rail, interim net with the filter box is kept away from the one end of closing plate can be dismantled and is connected, when the filter box was taken out the filter cylinder body, the projection of filter tank along vertical direction is located in interim net.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, interim net is used for when the filter cartridge is pulled out, seals the filter bowl, when reducing the clearance filter cartridge, the pollutant is from the possibility that the filter bowl passed through.
The present application may be further configured in a preferred example to: there is the baffle along vertical direction sliding connection on the lateral wall of filtering the barrel, the baffle is located the below in slip groove, be equipped with the confession on the lateral wall of filtering the barrel the gliding slide of baffle, the baffle size does slip 1.5 times of groove size, the baffle towards filter the lateral wall of barrel with filter the lateral wall looks adaptation of barrel, the bottom threaded connection of baffle has locking bolt.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the baffle is used for taking out the back at the filter cartridge, seals the roll-off groove, reduces rivers and from the possibility that the roll-off groove revealed.
The present application may be further configured in a preferred example to: the reservoir comprises a reservoir body and a supporting part, the bottom of the reservoir body is provided with a base layer, the supporting part is arranged in the reservoir body, the supporting part comprises a plurality of water storage modules and connecting pieces which are spliced with each other, the water storage modules comprise bottom plates and supporting parts, the bottom plate and the supporting part are both arranged in a hollow way, the bottom plate is oppositely arranged at the two ends of the supporting part, connecting grooves are arranged at the corners of the two opposite side walls of the bottom plate, the bottom of the connecting groove is provided with a connecting hole along the thickness direction of the bottom plate, the connecting piece comprises a connecting plate and a connecting pin which are connected with each other, the thickness of the connecting plate is consistent with the depth of the two connecting grooves, the connecting plate is placed in the connecting grooves, the connecting pins are oppositely arranged along the thickness direction of the connecting plate, and the number of the connecting pins is equal to the number of the bottom plates connected with the same connecting piece.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the supporting part is used for supporting the cell body, and the water of being convenient for is held in the fretwork setting simultaneously, and the connecting piece is then the concatenation of the retaining module of being convenient for, promotes the holistic joint strength of supporting part.
In summary, the present application includes at least one of the following beneficial technical effects:
1. the rainwater collecting device, the rainwater filtering device, the water storage device and the rainwater utilization device are arranged to collect, filter and store rainwater in the garden, so that the waste of the rainwater is reduced, the rainwater is utilized, the garden water is reduced, and the water saving and environment protection are realized;
2. through the setting of power pipe, drive shaft, driving vane, drive arrangement, clearance ring and scraper blade, have and continuously clear up the filter screen surface, reduce the possibility that the jam appears in the filter screen.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the whole body in this embodiment.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view schematically showing the rainwater collecting apparatus according to the present embodiment.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the rectangular permeable tank according to the embodiment.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram for embodying the drain of the present embodiment.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a rainwater filtering device and a water storage device according to the embodiment.
Fig. 6 is a sectional structure diagram of the cleaning device and the driving device of the embodiment.
Fig. 7 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion a in fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion C in fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion B in fig. 6.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of the water storage module and the connecting member according to the present embodiment.
In the figure, 1, a rainwater collecting device; 11. a vegetation water seepage device; 111. a first water seepage film; 112. a water seepage layer; 113. a rectangular water permeable tank; 1131. water permeable holes; 12. a drainage channel; 121. a water drain; 1211. a bump; 1212. a groove; 1213. a card slot; 122. a drainage cover; 1221. a water discharge tank; 123. a water seepage tank; 124. a filter layer; 1241. a metal mesh layer; 1242. a second water seepage film; 1243. an activated carbon layer; 13. vegetation; 14. vegetation soil; 2. a rainwater filtration device; 21. a filter cylinder; 211. sliding out of the groove; 22. filtering with a screen; 221. a filter cell; 222. a slide rail; 2221. a temporary net; 2222. a clamping hole; 2223. a transverse plate; 2224. a vertical plate; 23. a filter box; 231. filtering holes; 232. a sealing plate; 233. a clamping rod; 24. a baffle plate; 241. a slideway; 242. locking the bolt; 25. a cleaning device; 251. cleaning a ring; 2511. a squeegee; 252. a drive device; 2521. a rotating shaft; 2522. a first bevel gear; 2523. a second bevel gear; 2524. a rotating shaft; 2525. a spur gear; 2526. an internal gear; 2527. a support; 26. a filter tube; 261. a connecting pipe; 262. a power tube; 263. a drive chamber; 2631. a drive shaft; 2632. a driving blade; 3. a water storage device; 31. a reservoir; 313. a water storage module; 3131. a base plate; 3132. a support section; 3133. connecting grooves; 3134. connecting holes; 314. a connecting member; 3141. a connecting plate; 3142. and (7) connecting pins.
Detailed Description
The present application is described in further detail below with reference to the attached drawings.
Example (b):
referring to fig. 1, for the landscaping rainwater collection and utilization system disclosed in the present application, the system comprises a rainwater collection device 1, a rainwater filtering device 2, a water storage device 3 and a rainwater utilization device which are sequentially communicated.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the rainwater collecting device 1 includes a vegetation water permeating device 11 and a drainage channel 12, vegetation 13 is arranged in the garden, vegetation soil 14 is arranged below the vegetation 13, the vegetation water permeating device 11 includes a water permeating layer 112 and a first water permeating film 111, the first water permeating film 111 is arranged below the vegetation soil 14, and the water permeating layer 112 is arranged below the first water permeating film 111. The water seepage layer 112 comprises a plurality of rectangular permeable water tanks 113 which are spliced with each other, and the rectangular permeable water tanks 113 are densely arranged and at least provided with one layer for storing water. The rectangular water permeable tank 113 is hollow inside, and a plurality of water permeable holes 1131 are densely distributed on the surface thereof, so that water storage is realized as much as possible. The rectangular permeable water tank 113 is made of PP recycled plastic, and the first permeable film 111 is made of a reverse filtration geomembrane and only can be penetrated by water, so that the loss of vegetation soil is reduced. The permeable layer 112 stores the water that the vegetation 13 cannot absorb and slowly sinks to be merged into the ground water.
Referring to fig. 2 and 4, the drainage channel 12 is provided at the edge of the garden road along the garden road direction, and may be provided at one side or both sides. The drainage channel 12 includes a plurality of drainage channels 121 that splice each other, and the cross-section of drainage channel 121 along vertical direction is the character cut in bas-relief, and drainage channel 121 has the lug 1211 along its length direction's one end integrated into one piece, and drainage channel 121 keeps away from the one end of lug 1211 and then integrated into one piece has the recess 1212 with lug 1211 looks adaptation, and the adjacent drainage channel 121 of being convenient for splices, promotes the joint strength between adjacent drainage channel 121. The opposite surfaces of the two side walls of the drainage channel 121 are provided with clamping grooves 1213, the drainage cover 122 is clamped in the clamping grooves 1213, a plurality of drainage grooves 1221 are arrayed along the length direction of the drainage cover 122, and water is supplied to flow into the drainage channel 121.
Referring to fig. 2, a water seepage groove 123 is formed on the side wall of the drain 121 facing the water seepage layer 112, the water seepage groove 123 includes a filter layer 124 therein, the filter layer 124 includes a metal mesh layer 1241, a second water seepage membrane 1242 and an activated carbon layer 1243, and the water seepage groove 123 is communicated with the top of the water seepage layer 112. The metal mesh layer 1241 is disposed on two sides of the second porous membrane 1242 and the activated carbon layer 1243, so as to provide a certain strength and reduce the possibility of damage to the filter layer 124. The second water permeable membrane 1242 is made of a reverse filter geotextile for reducing the possibility of soil entering the drainage channel 121, and the activated carbon layer 1243 can adsorb pollutants in water. The water seepage groove 123 is used for discharging excessive water flow into the drain channel 121 when the water amount in the water seepage layer 112 is excessive. The bottom wall of the water-permeable tank 123 is slightly higher than three-quarters of the height of the water-permeable layer 112, i.e., water having a water level in the water-permeable layer 112 higher than three-quarters of the height thereof enters the water discharge passage 121. The bottom of the drain 121 is arranged in an arc shape to reduce the resistance of water flow.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, the rainwater filtering apparatus 2 includes a filtering cylinder 21, the filtering cylinder 21 is vertically disposed, and water flows in the drainage channels 12 in the garden are gathered in the filtering cylinder. A filter screen 22 is horizontally fixed in the filter cylinder body 21, and the filter screen 22 is a rigid filter screen 22 and can be made of stainless steel. The bottom of cartridge filter is equipped with filter tube 26, and filter tube 26 includes two connecting pipes 261 and a vertical power pipe 262 that sets up, and two connecting pipes 261 set up the both ends in power pipe 262 relatively, and one of them connecting pipe 261 communicates with the bottom of cartridge filter.
Referring to fig. 7 and 8, a filter groove 221 is formed in the filter screen 22, a filter box 23 is installed in the filter groove 221, a slide rail 222 for sliding the filter box 23 is arranged at the bottom of the filter screen 22, a slide-out groove 211 for sliding the filter box 23 out is formed in the side wall of the filter cylinder 21, a sealing plate 232 is arranged at one end of the filter box 23 facing the outside of the filter cylinder 21, the sealing plate 232 is connected with the slide-out groove 211 in a sealing manner, and filter holes 231 are densely distributed in the side wall and the bottom of the filter box 23. Still sliding connection has interim net 2221 in the slide rail 222, and the cross-section of interim net 2221 is the T font, and the opening is towards the below, and interim net 2221 includes two risers 2224 and a diaphragm 2223 of integrated into one piece, and two risers 2224 slide in slide rail 222. The filter cartridge 23 is integrally formed with a vertically arranged clamping rod 233, the transverse plate 2223 is provided with a clamping hole 2222 for the clamping rod 233 to be clamped in, and when the filter cartridge 23 is located in the filter cylinder 21, the clamping rod 233 is located in the clamping hole 2222. When the filter cartridge 23 is pulled out of the filter cylinder 21, the projection of the filter slot 221 in the vertical direction is located in the temporary net 2221, and at this time, the clamping rod 233 is pulled out of the clamping hole 2222, so that the filter cartridge 23 is disconnected from the temporary net 2221.
There is baffle 24 along vertical direction sliding connection on the lateral wall of filtering barrel 21, and baffle 24 is located the below in roll-off groove, is equipped with on the lateral wall of filtering barrel 21 and supplies the gliding slide 241 of baffle 24, and the size of baffle 24 is 1.5 times of roll-off groove size, and baffle 24 has locking bolt towards the lateral wall of filtering barrel 21 and the lateral wall looks adaptation of filtering barrel 21, and the bottom threaded connection of baffle 24 has. The baffle 24 is used to seal the slide-out slot 211 when the cartridge 23 is removed, reducing the possibility of leakage.
Referring to fig. 9, a cleaning device 25 for pushing pollutants into the filter box 23 is arranged on the filter screen 22, the cleaning device 25 includes a cleaning ring 251 and a driving device 252, a plurality of scrapers 2511 are arranged on the inner wall of the cleaning ring 251 along the circumferential direction of the cleaning ring 251, the scrapers 2511 and the cleaning ring 251 are integrally formed, one ends of the scrapers 2511 far away from the cleaning ring 251 are integrally formed with each other, and the scrapers 2511 abut against the surface of the filter screen 22. The driving device 252 includes an internal gear 2526, a rotating shaft 2521 and a rotating shaft 2524, the internal gear 2526 and the cleaning ring 251 are integrally formed, the rotating shaft 2521 is rotatably connected to a sidewall of the filter cylinder 21 and penetrates through the filter cartridge, a first bevel gear 2522 is fixed to the rotating shaft 2521, the rotating shaft 2524 is vertically disposed and fixed to an inner wall of the filter cylinder 21 through a support 2527, the rotating shaft 2524 is rotatably connected to the support 2527, and a second bevel gear 2523 engaged with the first bevel gear 2522 is fixed to the rotating shaft 2524. A spur gear 2525 is further fixed to the rotary shaft 2524, the spur gear 2525 is engaged with the internal gear 2526, and the external side wall of the internal gear 2526 is rotatably connected to the internal wall of the filter cylinder 21.
Referring to fig. 5 and 9, a driving cavity 263 is integrally formed on a side wall of the power tube 262, a driving shaft 2631 is rotatably connected to a boundary of the driving cavity 263 and the power tube 262, a plurality of driving blades 2632 are circumferentially arrayed on the driving shaft 2631, and the driving shaft 2631 is fixedly connected to a portion of the rotating shaft 2521 penetrating through the filter cylinder 21. When water flows through the filter screen 22 and enters the power tube 262, the driving blades 2632 are pushed to rotate, the plurality of driving blades 2632 which are continuously pushed drive the driving shaft 2631 to rotate, the driving shaft 2631 drives the rotating shaft 2521 to rotate, the rotating shaft 2521 drives the first bevel gear 2522 to rotate, the first bevel gear 2522 drives the rotating shaft 2524 to rotate by meshing with the second bevel gear 2523, the rotating shaft 2524 drives the internal gear 2526 to rotate by the straight gear 2525, and then the cleaning ring 251 is driven to rotate, so that the scraper 2511 cleans the surface of the filter screen 22, and the possibility of blockage on the surface of the filter screen 22 is reduced.
Referring to fig. 5, the water storage means 3 includes a water reservoir 31, the water reservoir 31 is buried in the ground, and the top of the water reservoir 31 communicates with a connection pipe 261 remote from the filter cylinder 21. The reservoir 31 comprises a pool body and a supporting part, a base layer is arranged at the bottom of the pool body, a foundation pit needs to be dug out firstly when the reservoir 31 is built, the base layer is installed at the bottom of the foundation pit, and PP recycled plastic plates can be adopted. The circumference of the reservoir 31 is coated with an impermeable material, such as an impermeable geomembrane, and a protective plate is added outside the impermeable material, and the protective plate can also be a PP recycled plastic plate. The level of the water flow in the drain channel 12 entering the filter cartridge 21 is higher than the level of the reservoir 31 so that the water flow can pass through the power tube 262 into the reservoir 31.
Referring to fig. 10, the supporting portion is disposed in the tank body, the supporting portion includes a plurality of water storage modules 313 and connecting pieces 314 which are spliced with each other, the water storage module 313 includes two bottom plates 3131 and supporting portions 312 which are integrally formed, the bottom plate 3131 and the supporting portion are all arranged in a hollow manner, and the water storage space of the water storage module can reach more than ninety-five percent. The two bottom plates 3131 are disposed at two ends of the supporting portion 312, two bottom plates 3131 have connecting grooves 3133 formed at corners of opposite side walls, and a connecting hole 3134 is formed in a bottom of the connecting groove 3133 along a thickness direction of the bottom plate 3131. The coupling member 314 includes a coupling plate 3141 and a coupling pin 3142 which are integrally formed, the thickness of the coupling plate 3141 is the same as the depth of two coupling grooves 3133, the coupling plate 3141 is placed in the coupling groove 3133, the coupling pins 3142 are oppositely disposed along the thickness direction of the coupling plate 3141, the number of the coupling pins 3142 is the same as the number of the base plates 3131 coupled to the same coupling member 314, and both the base plates 3131 and the coupling plate 3141 are rectangular blocks in this embodiment.
The rainwater utilization device can be a fountain device for appreciation, or a spraying device for watering the vegetation 13, and water can be pumped out of the water reservoir 31 through the emptying pump and then input into the rainwater utilization device.
The implementation process of the embodiment is as follows: after raining, the water in the garden flows into the drainage channel 12 or the vegetation 13, the water entering the vegetation 13 gradually passes through the vegetation soil and the first water seepage film 111 to enter the water seepage layer 112, and when the water height in the water seepage layer 112 reaches the height of the bottom wall of the water seepage groove 123, the water flows from the water seepage layer 112 to the drainage channel 12.
The water in the drain channel 12 flows into the filter cylinder 21, passes through the filter screen 22, and enters the reservoir 31 through the connecting pipe 261 and the power pipe 262. When water flows through the power tube 262, the driving blades 2632 are pushed to rotate, the plurality of driving blades 2632 which are continuously pushed drive the driving shaft 2631 to rotate, the driving shaft 2631 drives the rotating shaft 2521 to rotate, the rotating shaft 2521 drives the first bevel gear 2522 to rotate, the first bevel gear 2522 drives the rotating shaft 2524 to rotate by meshing with the second bevel gear 2523, the rotating shaft 2524 drives the internal gear 2526 to rotate by the spur gear 2525, and then the cleaning ring 251 is driven to rotate, so that the scraper 2511 cleans the surface of the filter screen 22, and the possibility of blockage on the surface of the filter screen 22 is reduced.
The water flow in the reservoir 31 passes through the emptying pump, and is guided into the rainwater utilization device, so that the rainwater is recycled.
The embodiments of the present invention are preferred embodiments of the present application, and the scope of protection of the present application is not limited by the embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the present application shall be covered by the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a system of utilizing is collected to afforestation rainwater which characterized in that: comprises a rainwater collecting device (1), a rainwater filtering device (2), a water storage device (3) and a rainwater utilization device which are communicated in sequence;
the rainwater collecting device (1) comprises a drainage channel (12) and vegetation (13) water seepage devices (11), wherein the drainage channel (12) is arranged on two sides of a road along the direction of the road, the vegetation (13) water seepage devices (11) are arranged below the vegetation (13), and the vegetation (13) water seepage devices (11) are communicated with the drainage channel (12);
the rainwater filtering device (2) comprises a filtering cylinder body (21), a plurality of drainage channels (12) are converged at the top of the filtering cylinder body (21), and a filtering net (22) is arranged in the filtering cylinder body (21);
the water storage device (3) comprises a water storage tank (31), the water storage tank (31) is buried at the bottom of the ground, and the bottom of the filtering cylinder body (21) is communicated with the top of the water storage tank (31).
2. A landscaping rainwater collection and utilization system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: drainage canal (12) include a plurality of drain (121) of splicing each other, drain (121) are the character cut in bas-relief shape along the cross-section of vertical direction, drain (121) are equipped with lug (1211) along its length direction's one end, drain (121) are kept away from the one end of lug (1211) be equipped with recess (1212) of lug (1211) looks adaptation, the top of drain (121) is equipped with drainage lid (122), there are a plurality of water drainage tank (1221) along its length direction array on drainage lid (122), offer the confession on the opposite face of drain (121) both sides wall draw-in groove (1213) that drainage lid (122) card was gone into.
3. A landscaping rainwater collection and utilization system as claimed in claim 2, wherein: vegetation (13) infiltration device (11) include infiltration layer (112) and first infiltration film (111), first infiltration film (111) set up in vegetation (13) below, infiltration layer (112) set up in the below of first infiltration film (111), infiltration layer (112) include a plurality of rectangles of splicing each other and permeate water case (113), the rectangle permeates water case (113) and densely distributes the range, the rectangle permeates water case (113) inside cavity, and its surface is densely distributed has a plurality of holes of permeating water (1131), it sets up the one deck at least to permeate water the case.
4. A landscaping rainwater collection and utilization system according to claim 3, wherein: a water seepage groove (123) is formed in the side wall, facing the water seepage layer (112), of the drainage channel (121), a filter layer (124) is arranged in the water seepage groove (123), the filter layer (124) comprises a metal mesh layer (1241), a second water seepage film (1242) and an activated carbon layer (1243), the metal mesh layer (1241) is arranged on two sides of the second water seepage film (1242) and the activated carbon layer (1243) relatively, and the water seepage groove (123) is communicated with the top of the water seepage layer (112).
5. A landscaping rainwater collection and utilization system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the utility model discloses a filter cartridge, including filter screen (22), filter box (23), filter screen (221), filter screen (22) are last to have seted up filter cell (221), install in filter cell (221) and strain box (23), the bottom of filter screen (22) is equipped with the confession strain box (23) gliding slide rail (222), be equipped with the confession on the lateral wall of filtering barrel (21) the slip-out groove (211) of filter box (23) roll-off, filter box (23) orientation the outside one end of filtering barrel (21) is equipped with closing plate (232), closing plate (232) with slip-out groove (211) sealing connection, the lateral wall and the bottom of filter box (23) all gather and have filtration pore (231), be equipped with on filter screen (22) and impel the pollutant cleaning device (25) of.
6. A landscaping rainwater collection and utilization system as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the cleaning device (25) comprises a cleaning ring (251) and a driving device (252), a plurality of scraping plates (2511) are arrayed on the inner wall of the cleaning ring (251) along the circumferential direction of the cleaning ring, and one ends, far away from the cleaning ring (251), of the scraping plates (2511) are connected with one another;
the driving device (252) comprises an internal gear (2526), a rotating shaft (2521) and a rotating shaft (2524), the internal gear (2526) is fixedly connected with the cleaning ring (251), the rotating shaft (2521) is rotatably connected with the side wall of the filtering cylinder body (21) and penetrates out of the filtering cylinder, a first bevel gear (2522) is fixed on the rotating shaft (2521), the rotating shaft (2524) is vertically arranged and is fixed on the inner wall of the filtering cylinder body (21) through a bracket (2527), the rotating shaft (2524) is rotationally connected with the bracket (2527), a second bevel gear (2523) meshed with the first bevel gear (2522) is fixed on the rotating shaft (2524), a gear is also fixed on the rotating shaft (2524) and is meshed with the internal gear (2526), the outer side wall of the internal gear (2526) is rotationally connected with the inner wall of the filtering cylinder body (21).
7. A landscaping rainwater collection and utilization system according to claim 6, wherein: the bottom of the filter cylinder is provided with a filter pipe (26), the filter pipe (26) comprises a connecting pipe (261) and a power pipe (262), the connecting pipe (261) is oppositely arranged at two ends of the power pipe (262), and the two connecting pipes (261) are respectively communicated with the bottom of the filter cylinder and the top of the water reservoir (31);
the side wall of the power pipe (262) is provided with a driving cavity (263), the junction of the driving cavity (263) and the power pipe (262) is rotatably connected with a driving shaft (2631), the driving shaft (2631) is circumferentially arrayed with a plurality of driving blades (2632), and the driving shaft (2631) and the rotating shaft (2521) penetrate out of the part of the filtering cylinder body (21) for fixed connection.
8. A landscaping rainwater collection and utilization system as claimed in claim 5, wherein: still sliding connection has interim net (2221) in slide rail (222), interim net (2221) with filter cartridge (23) keep away from the one end detachable connection of closing plate (232), when filter cartridge (23) are taken out filter cylinder (21), filter tank (221) along the projection of vertical direction be located in interim net (2221).
9. A landscaping rainwater collection and utilization system according to claim 8, wherein: filter and have baffle (24) along vertical direction sliding connection on the lateral wall of barrel (21), baffle (24) are located the below of slipping out groove (211), be equipped with the confession on the lateral wall of filtering barrel (21) the gliding slide (241) of baffle (24), the size of baffle (24) does 1.5 times of slipping out groove (211) size, baffle (24) towards filter the lateral wall of barrel (21) with filter the lateral wall looks adaptation of barrel (21), the bottom threaded connection of baffle (24) has locking bolt (242).
10. A landscaping rainwater collection and utilization system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the water storage tank (31) comprises a tank body and a supporting part, a base layer is arranged at the bottom of the tank body, the supporting part is arranged in the tank body, the supporting part comprises a plurality of water storage modules (313) and connecting pieces (314) which are spliced with each other, each water storage module (313) comprises a bottom plate (3131) and a supporting part (3132), the bottom plates (3131) and the supporting parts are all arranged in a hollow manner, the bottom plates (3131) are arranged at two ends of the supporting part (3132) relatively, two connecting grooves (3133) are formed in the corner positions of the opposite side walls of the bottom plates (3131), a connecting hole (3134) is formed in the thickness direction of the bottom plates (3131) along the groove bottom of the connecting grooves (3133), each connecting piece (314) comprises a connecting plate (3141) and a connecting pin (3142) which are connected with each other, the thickness of the connecting plate (3141) is consistent with the depth of the two connecting grooves (3133), and the, the connecting pins (3142) are oppositely arranged along the thickness direction of the connecting plate (3141), and the number of the connecting pins (3142) is equal to the number of the bottom plates (3131) connected with the same connecting piece (314).
CN202010665143.XA 2020-07-11 2020-07-11 Afforestation rainwater collection utilizes system Pending CN111877511A (en)

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Application publication date: 20201103