CN111873850A - Transfer system of power changing station, control method of transfer system and power changing station - Google Patents

Transfer system of power changing station, control method of transfer system and power changing station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111873850A
CN111873850A CN202010699963.0A CN202010699963A CN111873850A CN 111873850 A CN111873850 A CN 111873850A CN 202010699963 A CN202010699963 A CN 202010699963A CN 111873850 A CN111873850 A CN 111873850A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
battery
power
power battery
bin
stacker crane
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Pending
Application number
CN202010699963.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张城
李鹏飞
郑飞鸽
王亚光
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Blue Valley Smart Beijing Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Blue Valley Smart Beijing Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Blue Valley Smart Beijing Energy Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Blue Valley Smart Beijing Energy Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN202010699963.0A priority Critical patent/CN111873850A/en
Publication of CN111873850A publication Critical patent/CN111873850A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/80Exchanging energy storage elements, e.g. removable batteries
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/60Monitoring or controlling charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Warehouses Or Storage Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a turnover system of a power changing station, a control method of the turnover system and the power changing station, wherein the control method of the turnover system comprises the following steps: controlling the stacker crane to transfer the first power battery to a battery transfer device; and controlling the stacker crane to collect a second power battery in the battery turnover device. From this, can transport the first power battery in the storehouse of charging to battery turnover device through the hacking machine, the rethread hacking machine is collected the second power battery in the battery turnover device to the hacking machine can realize first power battery and the exchange of second power battery in battery turnover device department, improves the electric efficiency that trades of trading the power station.

Description

Transfer system of power changing station, control method of transfer system and power changing station
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of new energy automobile battery replacement, in particular to a turnover system of a battery replacement station, a control method of the turnover system and the battery replacement station.
Background
At present, the emission of automobile exhaust is still an important factor of the environmental pollution problem, and electric automobiles have been popularized in order to treat automobile exhaust. The current electric automobiles mainly comprise a direct-charging type electric automobile and a quick-changing type electric automobile. The power battery of the electric automobile is quickly replaced through the battery replacement station.
In the related art, the power battery taken off from the electric vehicle is usually placed into a charging bin of the power exchanging station, and then the power battery in the charging bin is taken out and mounted on the electric vehicle. The process of transferring the power battery taken down by the electric automobile to the charging bin consumes long time, so that the battery replacement efficiency of the battery replacement station is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention is directed to solving at least one of the problems of the prior art. Therefore, the invention provides a control method of a turnover system of a battery swapping station, and the turnover efficiency of power batteries in the battery swapping station can be improved through the control method, so that the battery swapping efficiency of the battery swapping station is improved.
The invention further provides a turnover system of the battery replacement station.
The invention further provides a power changing station.
The control method of the turnover system of the power swapping station comprises the following steps: controlling the stacker crane to transfer the first power battery to a battery transfer device; and controlling the stacker crane to collect a second power battery in the battery turnover device.
According to the control method of the turnover system of the battery replacing station, the first power battery in the charging bin can be transferred to the battery turnover device through the stacker crane, and the second power battery in the battery turnover device is collected through the stacker crane, so that the stacker crane can realize the exchange of the first power battery and the second power battery at the battery turnover device, and the battery replacing efficiency of the battery replacing station is improved.
According to some embodiments of the invention, said controlling the stacker crane to transfer the first power battery onto the battery transfer device comprises: and controlling a telescopic mechanism of the stacker crane to stretch out, and transferring the first power battery in the stacker crane to a mobile bin of the battery transferring device.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the controlling the stacker to collect a second power cell in a cell turnaround device comprises: and controlling a telescopic mechanism of the stacker crane to retract, adjusting the telescopic mechanism to a position corresponding to the second power battery, and controlling the telescopic mechanism to extend out to collect the second power battery.
According to some embodiments of the invention, further comprising: and controlling the battery changing mobile device to transfer the second power battery to a battery turnover device.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the controlling the battery swap moving device to transfer the second power battery to a battery turnover device comprises: controlling the battery changing mobile device to transfer the second power battery to a mobile bin of the battery transferring device; the second power battery is circulated to the fixed bin of the battery circulation device by the movable bin of the battery circulation device.
According to some embodiments of the invention, further comprising: and controlling the stacker crane to collect the first power battery in the charging bin.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the controlling the stacker to collect the first power battery in the charging bin comprises: adjusting a telescopic mechanism in the stacker crane to a position corresponding to the first power battery in the charging bin, and controlling the telescopic mechanism to collect the first power battery.
The turnover system of the power swapping station according to the embodiment of the invention comprises: the stacking machine is used for taking and placing the power battery; the battery turnover device can accommodate the power battery taken down by an electric automobile, and the accommodating position of the battery turnover device corresponds to at least one working position of the stacker crane; the stacker crane is in butt joint with the battery turnover device, so that the power battery in the charging bin and the power battery taken down by the electric automobile are exchanged.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the battery epicyclic arrangement comprises: the movable bin and the fixed bin are used for accommodating power batteries, and the movable bin can be moved to a position which is overlapped with the fixed bin or a position which is staggered with the fixed bin.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the mobile bin is defined by a mobile bin support means, the fixed bin is defined by a fixed bin support means, and the mobile bin support means is movable relative to the fixed bin support means.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the movable bin supporting device is a lifting supporting device, the fixed bin supporting device is a rotating supporting device, and the lifting supporting device can be lifted to a position flush with the rotating supporting device or to a position staggered with the rotating supporting device.
According to some embodiments of the invention, a charging rack is arranged in the charging bin, and the charging rack can be used for accommodating a power battery.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the epicyclic system further comprises: the walking device is arranged in the charging bin and is suitable for driving the stacker crane to move in the charging bin so as to enable the stacker crane to correspond to the charging goods shelf.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the palletiser comprises: the telescopic mechanism can extend out or retract the stacker crane; and the lifting device is used for adjusting the height position of the telescopic mechanism so as to correspond the telescopic mechanism with the power batteries at different height positions.
According to the power swapping station provided by the embodiment of the invention, the control method of the turnaround system of the power swapping station is used, or the turnaround system of the power swapping station is included.
Additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention.
Drawings
The above and/or additional aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an epicyclic system according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIGS. 2 a-2 d are schematic diagrams of an epicyclic system according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a battery turnover device according to an embodiment of the invention.
Reference numerals:
a power change station 1000,
The battery replacement device comprises a battery replacement moving device 300, a battery turnover device 400, a support frame 401, a lifting support device 402, a rotating support device 403, a stacker crane 500 and a charging shelf 600.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are illustrative only for the purpose of explaining the present invention, and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "central," "longitudinal," "lateral," "length," "width," "thickness," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," "axial," "radial," "circumferential," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the invention and to simplify the description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are therefore not to be considered limiting of the invention. Furthermore, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
A control method of the turnaround system of the swapping station 1000 according to an embodiment of the present invention is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 3.
The control method of the turnover system of the power swapping station 1000 according to the embodiment of the invention comprises the following steps: controlling the stacker crane 500 to transfer the first power battery to the battery transferring device 400; and controlling the stacker crane 500 to collect the second power battery in the battery turnover device 400.
It should be noted that a stacker crane 500 and a battery circulation device 400 are arranged in the power exchanging station 1000, the stacker crane 500 may be used to transport power batteries in the power exchanging station 1000, and the battery circulation device 400 may be used to accommodate power batteries, so as to realize the exchange between a second power battery unloaded by an electric vehicle and a first power battery in a charging bin at the battery circulation device 400.
Specifically, the battery replacing station 1000 may transfer the second power battery cord taken off by the electric vehicle onto the battery transferring device 400, and accommodate the second power battery cord by the battery transferring device 400, and the stacker crane 500 may transfer the first power battery taken off by the charging bin onto the battery transferring device 400. The position of the battery turnover device 400 for accommodating the second power battery and the position of the battery turnover device 400 for accommodating the first power battery are arranged in a staggered manner, so that the second power battery can be accommodated first, and then the first power battery is transferred to the battery replacing mobile device 300 through the battery turnover device 400, so that the first power battery is transferred to the battery replacing mobile device 300 quickly.
It can be understood that, the battery replacing mobile device 300 is used for detaching and installing the power battery of the electric vehicle, and in the process of replacing the power battery, the battery replacing mobile device 300 needs to dump the second power battery to the battery turnover device 400 and collect the first power battery at the battery turnover device 400 so as to install the first power battery to the electric vehicle. Stacker crane 500 is arranged in transporting the first power battery in the storehouse of charging to battery turnover device 400 department to in transporting the second power battery who will be taken off by electric automobile to the storehouse of charging, in order to accept power battery through the storehouse of charging, the storehouse of charging can also charge the power battery of insufficient voltage. Owing to set up battery turnover device 400, handing-over can be realized in battery turnover device 400 department to first power battery and second power battery to need not earlier to deposit the second power battery through hacking machine 500 and take out first power battery again, and then shorten the time of transporting first power battery to electric automobile, improve and trade electric efficiency.
Further, in order to improve the power exchanging efficiency of the power exchanging station 1000 and save the space occupied by the devices in the power exchanging station 1000, only one power exchanging mobile device 300 can be arranged to quickly replace the power battery, so that the cost of the power exchanging station 1000 is reduced while the power exchanging efficiency is ensured.
According to the control method of the turnover system of the battery replacing station 1000, the stacker crane 500 can be used for transferring the first power battery in the charging bin to the battery turnover device 400, and then the stacker crane 500 can be used for collecting the second power battery in the battery turnover device 400, so that the stacker crane 500 can realize the exchange of the first power battery and the second power battery at the battery turnover device 400, and the battery replacing efficiency of the battery replacing station 1000 is improved.
In some embodiments of the invention, the step of controlling the palletizer 500 to transfer the first power battery onto the battery transferring device 400 further comprises: and controlling the telescopic mechanism of the stacker crane 500 to stretch out, and transferring the first power battery in the stacker crane 500 to the mobile bin of the battery transferring device 400.
It will be appreciated that the stacker 500 is provided with a telescopic mechanism for taking and placing power batteries. Stacker 500 may be extended by driving a telescoping mechanism to transfer the first power battery of stacker 500 onto battery transfer device 400.
In some embodiments of the invention, the step of controlling the palletizer 500 to collect the second power battery in the battery turnover device 400 further comprises: and controlling the telescoping mechanism of the stacker crane 500 to retract, adjusting the telescoping mechanism to the position corresponding to the second power battery, and controlling the telescoping mechanism to extend out to collect the second power battery.
It can be appreciated that the telescoping mechanism transports the first power battery to the battery turnover device 400 by the extending action, the telescoping mechanism retracts by controlling the telescoping mechanism to avoid the first power battery, and extends at a position corresponding to the second power battery to collect the second power battery, thereby enabling the exchange of the first power battery and the second power battery at the battery turnover device 400.
In some embodiments of the invention, the control method of the epicyclic system further comprises: and controlling the battery replacement moving device 300 to transfer the second power battery to the battery turnover device 400. The battery replacing mobile device 300 is used for disassembling and assembling the power battery of the electric vehicle, and the battery replacing mobile device 300 needs to transfer the power battery disassembled from the electric vehicle to the battery transferring device 400 before receiving the first power battery.
In a further embodiment of the present invention, the step of controlling the battery swapping moving device 300 to transfer the second power battery to the battery transferring device 400 further includes: controlling the battery changing mobile device 300 to transfer the second power battery to the mobile bin of the battery transferring device 400; the mobile bin of the battery transfer device 400 transfers the second power battery to the fixed bin of the battery transfer device 400.
It can be understood that the mobile bin can adjust the position of the second power battery to transfer the second power battery to the fixed bin, and the second power battery is accommodated by the fixed bin. The battery changing mobile device 300 can receive the first power battery at the mobile bin, so that the first power battery and the second power battery are switched.
In some embodiments of the invention, the control method of the epicyclic system further comprises: and controlling the stacker crane 500 to collect the first power battery in the charging bin. It will be appreciated that the first power battery in the charging bin needs to be harvested into the stacker 500 before the step of controlling the stacker 500 to transfer the first power battery onto the battery transferring device 400, in order to harvest the first power battery by the stacker 500.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the step of controlling the palletizer 500 to collect the first power battery in the charging bin further comprises: the telescopic mechanism in the stacker crane 500 is adjusted to the position corresponding to the first power battery in the charging bin, and the telescopic mechanism is controlled to collect the first power battery, so that the stacker crane 500 can collect the power battery in the charging bin.
It should be noted that "the first power battery" refers to the power battery transferred from the charging bin to the battery transferring device 400; the "second power battery" refers to a power battery detached from the electric vehicle.
The electric quantity of the first power battery can be higher than that of the second power battery, so that the electric automobile can replace the power battery with relatively high electric capacity in the battery replacement station 1000 to meet the driving requirement of the electric automobile; the electric quantity of the first power battery can also be lower than that of the second power battery, so that a user can exchange the power battery with high electric quantity with the power battery with low electric quantity in the power exchanging station 1000, and benefits can be obtained from the power exchanging station 1000. It is understood that "obtaining revenue from the power swapping station 1000" means: the user exchanges the high-power battery with the low-power battery in the power exchanging station 1000 to trade with the power exchanging station 1000, for example: the times of replacing the power battery free of charge, a certain amount of money and the like are obtained.
The turnaround system of the power swapping station 1000 according to the embodiment of the present invention includes: a stacker 500 and a battery transfer device 400.
The stacker crane 500 is used for taking and placing power batteries in a turnover system of the power conversion station 1000, the battery turnover device 400 can accommodate the power batteries taken off by the electric automobile, and the accommodating position of the battery turnover device 400 corresponds to at least one working position of the stacker crane 500. The stacker crane 500 is in butt joint with the battery turnover device 400, so that the exchange between the power batteries in the charging bin and the power batteries taken down by the electric automobile is realized.
It should be noted that the stacker crane 500 is disposed in a charging bin of a transfer system of the power conversion station 1000, and a power battery is disposed in the charging bin. When the power battery of the electric vehicle is replaced by the turnover system of the battery changing station 1000, the power battery in the charging bin can be taken out through the stacker crane 500, and the power battery in the charging bin and the power battery taken off by the electric vehicle can be exchanged through the cooperation of the stacker crane 500 and the battery turnover device 400.
Specifically, the battery turnover device 400 can accommodate the power battery taken down by the electric vehicle, and meanwhile, the stacker crane 500 can transport the power battery in the charging bin to the battery turnover device 400, so that the exchange between the power battery in the charging bin and the power battery taken down by the electric vehicle can be completed quickly, and the battery replacement efficiency of the turnover system of the battery replacement station 1000 is improved remarkably.
It can be understood that, the transfer system of the battery replacing station 1000 may further be provided with a battery replacing mobile device 300, the battery replacing mobile device 300 may be used to detach a power battery of an electric vehicle, and may further mount the power battery to the electric vehicle, and the battery replacing mobile device 300 may be docked with the battery transfer device 400 to transfer the power battery detached from the electric vehicle to the battery transfer device 400. That is, the power battery taken off by the electric vehicle and the power battery in the charging bin are connected at the battery transferring device 400, and the matching process of the battery changing moving device 300 and the battery transferring device 400 and the matching process of the stacker 500 and the battery transferring device 400 do not interfere with each other.
Further, in the battery changing process, the power battery taken down by the electric automobile is accommodated through the battery transferring device 400, and the power battery in the charging bin is transferred to the battery transferring device 400, that is, the power battery does not need to be transferred to the charging bin through the stacker crane 500 at the first time. The stacker crane 500 can transfer the power batteries in the charging bin to the battery transfer device 400, and transfer the power batteries to the battery replacing mobile device 300 through the battery transfer device 400, so that the exchange between the power batteries in the charging bin and the power batteries taken down by the electric automobile can be realized at the battery transfer device 400, and the battery replacing efficiency of a transfer system of the battery replacing station 1000 is improved.
Because, the power battery who takes off from electric automobile can place in the storehouse of charging, charges it through the storehouse of charging. After the stacker crane 500 transports the power battery in the charging bin to the battery transferring device 400, the stacker crane 500 can also take down the power battery taken down by the electric vehicle and contained in the battery transferring device 400 and transport the power battery to the charging bin so as to charge the power battery through the charging equipment in the charging bin.
In the charging bin, the stacker 500 can extend, retract, ascend, descend and the like, wherein the storage position of the battery transfer device 400 corresponds to at least one working position of the stacker 500: the stacker crane 500 can pick and place the power battery at the accommodating position of at least one battery turnover device 400, that is, the stacker crane 500 can place the power battery in the charging bin into the battery turnover device 400 and can take out the power battery in the battery turnover device 400.
According to the turnover system of the battery changing station 1000 in the embodiment of the invention, the power battery taken off by the electric vehicle can be accommodated by the battery turnover device 400, and the stacker crane 500 can transport the power battery in the charging bin to the battery turnover device 400, and after the power battery in the charging bin is transported to the battery turnover device 400, the stacker crane 500 can take the power battery taken off by the electric vehicle accommodated in the battery turnover device 400, so that the exchange between the power battery in the charging bin and the power battery taken off by the electric vehicle can be realized at the battery turnover device 400, and the efficiency of replacing the power battery by the charging station is further improved.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the turnaround system of the battery swapping station 1000 further includes a battery swapping mobile device 300, the battery swapping mobile device 300 may move between the electric vehicle and the battery turnaround device 400, and the battery swapping mobile device 300 may correspond to at least one accommodation position of the battery turnaround device 400. The power battery can be taken down from the electric automobile through the battery transfer mobile device 300 and transferred to the battery transfer device 400, the power battery on the battery transfer mobile device 300 can be accommodated by the battery transfer device 400, and when the stacker crane 500 transfers the power battery to the battery transfer device 400, the battery transfer device 400 can transfer the power battery to the battery transfer mobile device 300.
In some embodiments of the invention, battery turnaround apparatus 400 comprises: the movable bin and the fixed bin are used for accommodating the power battery, and the movable bin can be moved to the position overlapped with the fixed bin or moved to the position staggered with the fixed bin.
Further, the position of the power battery in the battery turnover device 400 may be switched between a mobile position and a fixed position, and the position of the power battery in the battery turnover device 400 may be changed along with the mobile position, such as: the power battery can move to the position overlapped with the fixed bin along with the moving bin and is accommodated in the fixed bin.
Specifically, when the battery replacement moving device 300 transfers the power battery to a working position corresponding to the moving bin, the moving bin can accommodate the power battery and drive the power battery to move to the fixed bin, and the fixed bin can accommodate the power battery. The movable bin can move after the power battery is accommodated in the fixed bin, and is matched with the stacker crane 500 to accommodate the power battery in the charging bin transported by the stacker crane 500, and transport the power battery to the power conversion mobile device 300 after accommodating the power battery. After transferring the power batteries of the palletizer 500 to the battery transferring device 400, the palletizer 500 may take out the power batteries in the fixed position to transfer the power batteries in the fixed position to the charging bin.
In a further embodiment of the invention, the mobile bin is defined by mobile bin support means and the fixed bin is defined by fixed bin support means, the mobile bin support means being movable relative to the fixed bin support means.
Further, the mobile bin supporting device is used for supporting the power battery so as to accommodate the power battery in the mobile bin, and the power battery can be driven to move in the battery turnover device 400 under the action of the mobile bin supporting device. The fixed bin supporting device is used for supporting the power battery so as to accommodate the power battery in the fixed bin.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the movable bin supporting device is a lifting supporting device 402, the fixed bin supporting device is a rotating supporting device 403, and the lifting supporting device 402 can be lifted to a position flush with the rotating supporting device 403 or lifted to a position staggered from the rotating supporting device 403. The power battery can be driven to perform lifting action in the battery transferring device 400 through the lifting support device 402, so as to adjust the position of the power battery in the battery transferring device 400.
Further, the lifting support device 402 may drive the power battery to ascend or descend in the battery turnover device 400, and the rotary support device 403 may avoid the power battery during the process that the lifting support device 402 drives the power battery to ascend or descend, so that the lifting support device 402 carries the power battery to move to a position flush with the rotary device.
Specifically, when the lifting support device 402 carries the power battery to move to a position flush with the rotary support device 403 or higher than the rotary support device 403, the power battery is located above the rotary support device 403, the rotary support device 403 can rotate to a position suitable for supporting the power battery, and the power battery can be placed on the rotary support device 403 by controlling the lifting support device 402 to descend, so that the power battery is accommodated in the fixed bin.
The battery turnover device 400 comprises a support frame 401, a moving bin is a space defined between the moving bin supporting device and the top of the support frame 401, and a fixed bin is a space defined between the fixed bin supporting device and the top of the support frame 401. The space of the fixed bin and the space of the movable bin are both larger than the volume of the power battery, so that the power battery can be accommodated by the fixed bin and the movable bin.
In some embodiments of the present invention, a charging shelf 600 is disposed in the charging bin, and the charging shelf 600 can be used for accommodating a power battery. It can be understood that the charging bin is used for accommodating and charging the power battery so as to provide the power battery for the electric automobile needing to replace the power battery.
Wherein, the power battery who takes off by electric automobile transmits to hacking machine 500 after transporting through battery turnover device 400, and power battery can place on the goods shelves 600 that charge in the storehouse through hacking machine 500 moreover.
Be provided with a plurality of goods shelves 600 that charge in the storehouse of charging, a plurality of goods shelves 600 that charge distribute in the both sides of hacking machine 500 and evenly arrange to get through hacking machine 500 and put the power battery on to the goods shelves 600 that charge.
Further, the battery turnover device 400 is disposed below the charging shelf 600, so that the battery turnover device 400 corresponds to the battery replacement moving device 300. It can be understood that the battery replacing mobile device 300 is used for disassembling and assembling a power battery of an electric vehicle, and therefore, the battery replacing mobile device 300 is disposed at a position close to the ground, and therefore, the battery turnover device 400 is disposed below the charging shelf 600, which may facilitate the matching of the battery replacing mobile device 300 and the battery turnover device 400.
Specifically, the battery transfer device 400 is disposed below the charging rack 600 on the side close to the parking position of the electric vehicle, so that the moving stroke of the battery replacement moving device 300 between the electric vehicle and the battery transfer device 400 can be shortened.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the turnaround system of the swapping station 1000 further includes: running gear, running gear set up in the storehouse that charges to running gear can drive hacking machine 500 and remove in the storehouse that charges, in order to correspond hacking machine 500 and charging goods shelves 600.
Further, still be provided with the guide rail in the storehouse of charging, hacking machine 500 can move in the storehouse of charging along the extending direction of guide rail. The guide rail has good guiding effect on the movement direction of the stacker 500 in the charging bin so that the stacker 500 corresponds to the charging shelf 600.
The plurality of charging shelves 600 are respectively arranged on two sides of the guide rail, and when the walking device drives the stacker crane 500 to move, the stacker crane 500 can correspond to the charging shelves 600 at different positions along the extending direction of the guide rail, so that the stacker crane 500 can take and place the power batteries on the charging shelves 600 at different positions.
In some embodiments of the invention, the palletizer 500 comprises: the stacker crane comprises a telescopic mechanism and a lifting device, wherein the telescopic mechanism can extend out of or retract into the stacker crane 500, and the lifting device is used for adjusting the height position of the telescopic mechanism so as to correspond the telescopic mechanism to power batteries with different height positions. Therefore, the power batteries at different height positions in the charging shelf 600 can be taken and placed through the stacker crane 500, so that the transfer of the power batteries between the charging shelf 600 and the stacker crane 500 is realized.
In some embodiments of the invention, the stacker crane 500 is further provided with a lifting position sensor, which can detect the height position of the telescoping mechanism, so as to adjust the telescoping mechanism to a height matching the power battery.
The transfer process of the power battery in the turnaround system of the power change station 1000 according to the embodiment of the invention is described according to fig. 1-3:
after the electric vehicle enters the battery replacing station 1000, the power battery of the electric vehicle is taken down by the battery replacing mobile device 300, the power battery is transported to the mobile bin of the battery transferring device 400 by the battery replacing mobile device 300, the power battery is transported to the fixed bin by the mobile bin supporting device, and the power battery is accommodated in the fixed bin.
The stacker crane 500 takes the power battery on the charging shelf 600 down and transfers the power battery to the mobile bin of the battery transfer device 400 (the transfer process is performed after the power battery taken down by the electric vehicle is accommodated in the fixed bin), and the power battery can be transferred to the battery changing mobile device 300 through the battery transfer device 400, so that the power battery is mounted to the electric vehicle through the battery changing mobile device 300, and the replacement of the power battery is completed.
It should be noted that, in the process of transferring the power battery in the fixed bin to the stacker crane 500, the power battery may be directly taken out from the fixed bin by the stacker crane 500, or the power battery may be transferred by the cooperation of the stacker crane 500 and the movable bin after being transferred to the battery changing moving device 300. It can be understood that the transportation process of the power battery does not affect the replacement of the power battery of the electric automobile.
The power battery taken down by the electric automobile is accommodated by the battery turnover device 400, so that the power battery in the charging bin is rapidly transferred to the battery replacing mobile device 300, and the battery replacing efficiency of the battery replacing station 1000 is improved.
According to the power changing station 1000 provided by the embodiment of the invention, the power changing station 1000 comprises the battery turnover system, and the power changing station 1000 can also use the control method applied to the turnover system, so that the replacement efficiency of the power battery is obviously improved.
In the description herein, references to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an illustrative embodiment," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples" or the like mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
While embodiments of the invention have been shown and described, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (15)

1. A control method of a turnover system of a power swapping station is characterized by comprising the following steps:
controlling the stacker crane to transfer the first power battery to a battery transfer device;
and controlling the stacker crane to collect a second power battery in the battery turnover device.
2. The control method of the turnaround system of the battery swapping station as in claim 1, wherein the controlling the stacker to transfer the first power battery onto the battery turnaround device comprises:
and controlling a telescopic mechanism of the stacker crane to stretch out, and transferring the first power battery in the stacker crane to a mobile bin of the battery transferring device.
3. The control method of the turnaround system of the battery swapping station as claimed in claim 1, wherein the controlling the stacker to collect the second power battery in the battery turnaround device comprises:
and controlling a telescopic mechanism of the stacker crane to retract, adjusting the telescopic mechanism to a position corresponding to the second power battery, and controlling the telescopic mechanism to extend out to collect the second power battery.
4. The control method of the turnaround system of the battery swapping station as claimed in claim 1, further comprising:
and controlling the battery changing mobile device to transfer the second power battery to a battery turnover device.
5. The control method of the turnaround system of the battery swapping station of claim 4, wherein the controlling the battery swapping moving device to transfer the second power battery to a battery turnaround device comprises:
controlling the battery changing mobile device to transfer the second power battery to a mobile bin of the battery transferring device;
the second power battery is circulated to the fixed bin of the battery circulation device by the movable bin of the battery circulation device.
6. The control method of the turnaround system of the battery swapping station as claimed in claim 1, further comprising:
and controlling the stacker crane to collect the first power battery in the charging bin.
7. The control method of the turnaround system of the battery swapping station as claimed in claim 6, wherein the controlling the stacker to collect the first power battery in the charging bin comprises:
adjusting a telescopic mechanism in the stacker crane to a position corresponding to the first power battery in the charging bin, and controlling the telescopic mechanism to collect the first power battery.
8. A turnover system of a power swapping station, comprising:
the stacking machine is used for taking and placing the power battery;
the battery turnover device can accommodate the power battery taken down by an electric automobile, and the accommodating position of the battery turnover device corresponds to at least one working position of the stacker crane;
the stacker crane is in butt joint with the battery turnover device, so that the power battery in the charging bin and the power battery taken down by the electric automobile are exchanged.
9. The transfer system of a swapping station of claim 8, wherein the battery transfer device comprises: the movable bin and the fixed bin are used for accommodating power batteries, and the movable bin can be moved to a position which is overlapped with the fixed bin or a position which is staggered with the fixed bin.
10. The turnaround system of a swapping station of claim 9, wherein the moving bay is defined by a moving bay support device and the fixed bay is defined by a fixed bay support device, the moving bay support device being movable relative to the fixed bay support device.
11. The transfer system of a battery changing station of claim 9, wherein the mobile position supporting device is a lifting supporting device, the fixed position supporting device is a rotating supporting device, and the lifting supporting device can be lifted to a position flush with the rotating supporting device or lifted to a position staggered from the rotating supporting device.
12. The transfer system of the battery swapping station as claimed in claim 8, wherein a charging rack is arranged in the charging bin, and the charging rack can be used for accommodating a power battery.
13. The turnaround system of a swapping station of claim 12, further comprising: the walking device is arranged in the charging bin and is suitable for driving the stacker crane to move in the charging bin so as to enable the stacker crane to correspond to the charging goods shelf.
14. The transfer system of a swapping station of claim 8, wherein the palletizer comprises:
the telescopic mechanism can extend out or retract the stacker crane;
and the lifting device is used for adjusting the height position of the telescopic mechanism so as to correspond the telescopic mechanism with the power batteries at different height positions.
15. A power swapping station characterized by using a control method of a turnaround system of a power swapping station as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 7 or comprising a turnaround system of a power swapping station as claimed in any one of claims 8 to 14.
CN202010699963.0A 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Transfer system of power changing station, control method of transfer system and power changing station Pending CN111873850A (en)

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