CN111873739A - Mounting structure of shock absorber - Google Patents

Mounting structure of shock absorber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111873739A
CN111873739A CN202010764552.5A CN202010764552A CN111873739A CN 111873739 A CN111873739 A CN 111873739A CN 202010764552 A CN202010764552 A CN 202010764552A CN 111873739 A CN111873739 A CN 111873739A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
shock absorber
pin
ball
pin hole
mounting structure
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010764552.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韦珏宇
李骏
余冬
劳振海
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor Co Ltd filed Critical Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor Co Ltd
Priority to CN202010764552.5A priority Critical patent/CN111873739A/en
Publication of CN111873739A publication Critical patent/CN111873739A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G15/00Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or type of combined spring and vibration damper, e.g. telescopic type
    • B60G15/02Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or type of combined spring and vibration damper, e.g. telescopic type having mechanical spring
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G15/00Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or type of combined spring and vibration damper, e.g. telescopic type

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of automobile parts and discloses a mounting structure of a shock absorber, which comprises the shock absorber, an upper support and a lower support, the mounting structure of the shock absorber comprises the shock absorber, an upper support and a lower support, wherein the upper support is suitable for being fixedly connected to a vehicle frame, the lower support is suitable for being fixedly connected to a plate spring, a first ball pin protruding in the radial direction is arranged on the upper end face of the shock absorber, a second ball pin protruding in the radial direction is arranged on the lower end face of the shock absorber, the first ball pin is rotatably arranged in the upper support, the second ball pin is rotatably arranged in the lower support, when the plate spring is vibrated and moved, the vibration absorber can deflect along the moving direction of the plate spring, so that the vibration absorber can be always in a coaxial state, and the vibration absorber is prevented from being damaged.

Description

Mounting structure of shock absorber
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of automobile parts, in particular to a mounting structure of a shock absorber.
Background
At present, the shock absorber is installed between leaf spring and frame, and the both ends of shock absorber carry out rigid connection with frame and leaf spring respectively, and at present because the vibration, the leaf spring can be at the traffic direction of car in the vehicle driving process and take place the displacement for the frame, can cause the torsion to the shock absorber that sets up between leaf spring and frame like this, leads to the damage of shock absorber easily.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of this, the present invention is directed to a mounting structure of a shock absorber, so as to solve the technical problem that the shock absorber in the mounting structure of the existing shock absorber is easily damaged.
In order to solve the technical problem, the invention provides a mounting structure of a shock absorber, which comprises the shock absorber, an upper support and a lower support, wherein the upper support is suitable for being fixedly connected to a frame, the lower support is suitable for being fixedly connected to a plate spring, a first ball pin protruding in the radial direction is arranged on the upper end surface of the shock absorber, and a second ball pin protruding in the radial direction is arranged on the lower end surface of the shock absorber; a first ball pin hole is formed in the lower end face of the upper support, and the first ball pin part is rotatably arranged in the first ball pin hole; and the upper end surface of the lower support is provided with a second ball pin hole, and the second ball pin part is rotatably arranged in the second ball pin hole.
Optionally, the first ball pin includes a first pin rod and a first ball head, one end of the first pin rod is fixedly connected to the shock absorber, the other end of the first pin rod is fixedly connected to the first ball head, and the first ball head is rotatably disposed in the first ball pin hole.
Optionally, the second ball pin includes a second pin rod and a second ball head, one end of the second pin rod is fixedly connected to the shock absorber, the other end of the second pin rod is fixedly connected to the second ball head, and the second ball head is rotatably disposed in the second ball pin hole.
Optionally, the diameters of the first ball head and the second ball head range from: 20mm-30 mm.
Optionally, the vehicle further comprises a first connecting piece, and the upper support is suitable for being fixedly connected to the vehicle frame through the first connecting piece.
Optionally, the first connecting piece includes a first pin shaft and a first nut, an upper pin hole is provided on the upper support, and the first pin shaft is adapted to penetrate through the upper pin hole and fit with the first nut to be fixedly connected with the frame.
Optionally, the lower support is adapted to be fixedly connected to the leaf spring by a second connecting member.
Optionally, the second connecting piece includes a second pin shaft and a second nut, a lower pin hole is formed in the lower support, and the second pin shaft is suitable for being inserted through the lower pin hole and matched with the second nut so as to be fixedly connected with the plate spring.
Optionally, a first limiting portion is arranged on a side surface of the first pin shaft, a second limiting portion is arranged on an inner side wall of the upper pin hole, and the first limiting portion and the second limiting portion are matched to limit rotation of the first pin shaft; the side of second round pin axle is provided with the spacing portion of third, the inside wall of pinhole is provided with the spacing portion of fourth down, the spacing portion of third with the cooperation of the spacing portion of fourth is used for restricting the rotation of second round pin axle.
Optionally, the diameter of the bore of the first ball pin bore is smaller than the diameter of the first ball pin bore; the diameter of the orifice of the second ball pin hole is smaller than that of the second ball pin hole, wherein the diameter of the first ball pin hole is matched with that of the first ball head in size, and the diameter of the second ball pin hole is matched with that of the second ball head in size.
Compared with the prior art, the mounting structure of the shock absorber has the beneficial effects that:
the mounting structure of the shock absorber comprises the shock absorber, an upper support and a lower support, wherein the upper support is suitable for being fixedly connected to a frame, the lower support is suitable for being fixedly connected to a plate spring, a first ball pin protruding in the radial direction is arranged on the upper end face of the shock absorber, second ball pins protruding in the radial direction are arranged on the lower end face of the shock absorber, the first ball pins are rotatably arranged in the upper support, the second ball pins are rotatably arranged in the lower support, when the plate spring is vibrated and moved, the shock absorber can deflect along the moving direction of the plate spring, the shock absorber can be kept in a coaxial state all the time, and the shock absorber is prevented from being damaged.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a mounting structure of a shock absorber according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a shock absorber of a mounting structure of the shock absorber according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a structural sectional view of a shock absorber of a mounting structure of the shock absorber according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing a deflection structure of a shock absorber of the mounting structure of the shock absorber according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a first ball pin and a second ball pin of a mounting structure of a shock absorber according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a first pin of the mounting structure of the shock absorber according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a first nut structure of a mounting structure of a shock absorber according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a second pin of the mounting structure of the shock absorber according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a structural view showing a second nut of the mounting structure of the shock absorber according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a structural schematic view of an upper mount of a mounting structure of a shock absorber according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of a lower mount of a mounting structure of a shock absorber according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure, 1, a shock absorber, 11, a first ball pin, 111, a first pin rod, 112, a first ball head, 12, a second ball pin, 121, a second pin rod, 122, a second ball head, 2, an upper support, 21, a first ball pin hole, 22, an upper pin hole, 221, a second limiting part, 3, a lower support, 31, a second ball pin hole, 32, a lower pin hole, 321, a fourth limiting part, 4, a leaf spring, 5, a frame, 6, a first connecting piece, 61, a first pin shaft, 611, a first limiting part, 62, a first nut, 7, a second connecting piece, 71, a second pin shaft, 711, a third limiting part, 72 and a second nut.
Detailed Description
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict.
If there is a description of "first", "second", etc. in an embodiment of the present invention, the description of "first", "second", etc. is for descriptive purposes only and is not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated.
In order to make the aforementioned objects, features and advantages of the present invention comprehensible, embodiments accompanied with figures are described in detail below.
As shown in fig. 1, 2, 3 and 4, a mounting structure of a shock absorber according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention includes a shock absorber 1, an upper support 2 and a lower support 3, the upper support 2 is adapted to be fixedly connected to a vehicle frame 5, the lower support 3 is adapted to be fixedly connected to a leaf spring 4, and when the shock absorber is disposed between the vehicle frame and the leaf spring through the upper support and the lower support, the position of the shock absorber in the axial direction thereof is stable, and the shock absorber has a good damping effect. A first ball pin 11 protruding in the radial direction is arranged on the upper end surface of the shock absorber 1, and a second ball pin 12 protruding in the radial direction is arranged on the lower end surface of the shock absorber 1; in this embodiment, the first ball pin, the second ball pin and the damper may be in threaded connection or integrally formed, and preferably, the first ball pin and the second ball pin are integrally formed with the damper, so that the first ball pin, the second ball pin and the damper have high connection strength, and have high load capacity when the damper performs damping. A first ball pin hole 21 is formed in the lower end face of the upper support 2, and the first ball pin 11 is partially rotatably arranged in the first ball pin hole 21; the upper end face of the lower support 3 is provided with a second ball pin hole 31, the second ball pin 12 is partially rotatably arranged in the second ball pin hole 31, the first ball pin can rotate in any direction in the upper support, and the second ball pin can rotate in any direction in the lower support, so that when the plate spring and the frame are in relative displacement, the shock absorber can deflect along with the plate spring through the shock absorber, and the shock absorber is prevented from being damaged by torsion.
As shown in fig. 5, the first ball pin 11 includes a first pin 111 and a first ball head 112, one end of the first pin 111 is fixedly connected to the shock absorber 1, the other end of the first pin 111 is fixedly connected to the first ball head 112, the first ball head 112 is rotatably disposed in the first ball pin hole 21, the second ball pin 12 includes a second pin 121 and a second ball head 122, one end of the second pin 121 is fixedly connected to the shock absorber 1, the other end of the second pin 121 is fixedly connected to the second ball head 122, the second ball head 122 is rotatably disposed in the second ball pin hole 31, specifically, in this embodiment, the first pin and the second pin are rod-shaped structures, the first ball head and the second ball head are both spherical structures, the first pin and the first ball head are integrally formed, and the second pin and the second ball head are also integrally formed, in other embodiments, the first pin rod and the first ball head, and the second pin rod and the second ball head may also be in threaded connection, and the first pin rod and the first ball head, and the second pin rod and the second ball head may be fixedly connected.
The diameters of the first ball head 112 and the second ball head 122 range from: 20mm-30mm, in this range, first bulb and second bulb have higher structural strength, and be convenient for and most shock absorbers on the market carry out the adaptation.
As shown in fig. 6, 7, 8 and 9, the vehicle body frame further includes a first connecting member 6, the upper support 2 is adapted to be fixedly connected to the vehicle frame 5 through the first connecting member 6, specifically, in this embodiment, the first connecting member 6 includes a first pin 61 and a first nut 62, the upper support 2 is provided with an upper pin hole 22, and the first pin 61 is adapted to penetrate through the upper pin hole 22 and be matched with the first nut 62 to be fixedly connected to the vehicle frame 5; still include second connecting piece 7, the undersetting 3 passes through second connecting piece 7 is suitable for fixed connection in on the leaf spring 4, specifically, in this embodiment, second connecting piece 7 includes second round pin axle 71 and second nut 72, be provided with down pinhole 22 on the undersetting 2, second round pin axle 71 is suitable for to alternate down pinhole 22 with second nut 72 cooperation with leaf spring 4 fixed connection, in this embodiment, be provided with the installing support on the frame, first round pin axle alternates the installing support in proper order and goes up the pinhole and fix upper bracket and frame together, also is provided with the linking bridge on the leaf spring, and second round pin axle alternates linking bridge in proper order and lower pinhole and lower support and leaf spring fixed connection.
As shown in fig. 6, 8, 10 and 11, a first position-limiting part 611 is disposed on a side surface of the first pin 61, a second position-limiting part 221 is disposed on an inner side wall of the upper pin hole 22, and the first position-limiting part 611 and the second position-limiting part 221 cooperate to limit rotation of the first pin 61; the side of the second pin shaft 71 is provided with a third limiting part 711, the inner side wall of the lower pin hole 32 is provided with a fourth limiting part 221, the third limiting part 711 and the fourth limiting part 221 are matched to limit the rotation of the second pin shaft 71, in this embodiment, the first limiting part is a planar structure formed on the side of the first pin shaft, the second limiting part is a planar structure formed on the inner side wall of the upper pin hole, and the two planar structures are matched with each other to limit the rotation of the first pin shaft, so that the connection between the upper support and the frame is more stable. The third limiting part is a plane structure arranged on the side face of the second pin shaft, the fourth limiting part is a plane structure arranged on the inner side wall of the lower pin hole, and the two plane structures are matched to limit the rotation of the second pin shaft, so that the connection between the lower support and the plate spring is more stable.
The diameter of the orifice of the first ball pin bore 21 is smaller than the diameter of the first ball pin bore 21; the diameter of the hole of the second ball pin hole 31 is smaller than the diameter of the second ball pin hole 31, wherein the diameter of the first ball pin hole 21 is matched with the diameter of the first ball head 112, the diameter of the second ball pin hole 31 is matched with the diameter of the second ball head 122, so that when the first ball head is assembled in the first ball pin hole, the first ball head cannot fall off from the hole of the first ball pin hole, when the second ball head is assembled in the second ball pin hole, the second ball head cannot fall off from the hole of the second ball pin hole, the first ball head is limited in the first ball pin hole, the second ball head is limited in the second ball pin hole, but the rotation of the first ball head in any direction in the upper support and the second ball head in the lower support is not influenced.
To sum up, the mounting structure of the shock absorber comprises the shock absorber, an upper support, a lower support, a plate spring and a frame, wherein the upper support is fixedly connected to the frame, the lower support is fixedly connected to the plate spring, a first ball pin protruding in the radial direction is arranged on the upper end face of the shock absorber, second ball pins protruding in the radial direction are arranged on the lower end face of the shock absorber, the first ball pins are rotatably arranged in the upper support, the second ball pins are rotatably arranged in the lower support, when the plate spring is vibrated and moved, the shock absorber can deflect along the moving direction of the plate spring, the shock absorber can be always kept in the coaxial state, and the shock absorber is prevented from being damaged.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and substitutions can be made without departing from the technical principle of the present invention, and these modifications and substitutions should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The mounting structure of the shock absorber comprises the shock absorber (1), an upper support (2) and a lower support (3), wherein the upper support (2) is suitable for being fixedly connected to a frame (5), and the lower support (3) is suitable for being fixedly connected to a plate spring (4), and is characterized in that a first ball pin (11) protruding in the radial direction is arranged on the upper end face of the shock absorber (1), and a second ball pin (12) protruding in the radial direction is arranged on the lower end face of the shock absorber (1);
a first ball pin hole (21) is formed in the lower end face of the upper support (2), and the first ball pin (11) is partially rotatably arranged in the first ball pin hole (21);
the upper end face of the lower support (3) is provided with a second ball pin hole (31), and the second ball pin (12) is partially rotatably arranged in the second ball pin hole (31).
2. The mounting structure of a shock absorber according to claim 1, wherein the first ball pin (11) comprises a first pin rod (111) and a first ball head (112), one end of the first pin rod (111) is fixedly connected with the shock absorber (1), the other end of the first pin rod (111) is fixedly connected with the first ball head (112), and the first ball head (112) is rotatably disposed in the first ball pin hole (21).
3. The mounting structure of the shock absorber according to claim 2, wherein the second ball pin (12) comprises a second pin rod (121) and a second ball head (122), one end of the second pin rod (121) is fixedly connected with the shock absorber (1), the other end of the second pin rod (121) is fixedly connected with the second ball head (122), and the second ball head (122) is rotatably disposed in the second ball pin hole (31).
4. A mounting structure of a shock absorber according to claim 3, wherein the diameters of the first ball head (112) and the second ball head (122) range from: 20mm-30 mm.
5. The mounting structure of a shock absorber according to claim 1, further comprising a first connecting member (6), wherein the upper mount (2) is adapted to be fixedly connected to the frame (5) through the first connecting member (6).
6. The mounting structure of the shock absorber according to claim 5, wherein the first connecting member (6) comprises a first pin (61) and a first nut (62), the upper support (2) is provided with an upper pin hole (22), and the first pin (61) is adapted to be inserted through the upper pin hole (22) and matched with the first nut (62) to be fixedly connected with the frame (5).
7. The mounting structure of a shock absorber according to claim 6, further comprising a second connecting member (7), wherein the lower support (3) is adapted to be fixedly connected to the plate spring (4) through the second connecting member (7).
8. The mounting structure of a shock absorber according to claim 7, wherein the second connecting member (7) comprises a second pin (71) and a second nut (72), the lower support (2) is provided with a lower pin hole (22), and the second pin (71) is adapted to be inserted through the lower pin hole (22) and the second nut (72) to be matched with each other so as to be fixedly connected with the plate spring (4).
9. The mounting structure of the shock absorber according to claim 8, wherein a first stopper portion (611) is provided on a side surface of the first pin shaft (61), a second stopper portion (221) is provided on an inner side wall of the upper pin hole (22), and the first stopper portion (611) and the second stopper portion (221) cooperate to restrict rotation of the first pin shaft (61); the side of the second pin shaft (71) is provided with a third limiting part (711), the inner side wall of the lower pin hole (32) is provided with a fourth limiting part (221), and the third limiting part (711) is matched with the fourth limiting part (221) to limit the rotation of the second pin shaft (71).
10. The mounting structure of a shock absorber according to claim 3, wherein the diameter of the orifice of the first ball pin hole (21) is smaller than the diameter of the first ball pin hole (21); the diameter of the hole of the second ball pin hole (31) is smaller than that of the second ball pin hole (31), wherein the diameter of the first ball pin hole (21) is matched with the diameter of the first ball head (112), and the diameter of the second ball pin hole (31) is matched with the diameter of the second ball head (122).
CN202010764552.5A 2020-07-31 2020-07-31 Mounting structure of shock absorber Pending CN111873739A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010764552.5A CN111873739A (en) 2020-07-31 2020-07-31 Mounting structure of shock absorber

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010764552.5A CN111873739A (en) 2020-07-31 2020-07-31 Mounting structure of shock absorber

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CN111873739A true CN111873739A (en) 2020-11-03

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114714840A (en) * 2022-04-12 2022-07-08 东风柳州汽车有限公司 Shock absorber assembly and car

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201646297U (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-11-24 金龙联合汽车工业(苏州)有限公司 Fixed structure of coach shock absorber
CN201737048U (en) * 2010-06-30 2011-02-09 富奥汽车零部件股份有限公司 Damping and steering drag link
CN201824831U (en) * 2010-10-22 2011-05-11 毕节地区力帆骏马振兴车辆有限公司 Steel plate spring with function of shock absorber support
CN202208238U (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-05-02 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Damping device and automobile
CN102887042A (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-01-23 柳州孔辉汽车科技有限公司 Independent front suspension with transversely arranged steel plate spring
CN202743002U (en) * 2012-07-24 2013-02-20 湖北航天技术研究院特种车辆技术中心 Independent suspension used for motor-driven passenger car
US20140376989A1 (en) * 2012-02-28 2014-12-25 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Connection arrangement for a motor vehicle wheel suspension
CN105459749A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-04-06 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Vehicle and shock absorber thereof
CN106427447A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-22 恒屹(上海)新能源汽车技术有限公司 Damper assembly
US20200148021A1 (en) * 2018-11-14 2020-05-14 Rivian Automotive, LLC Suspension with jounce bumper balanced for caster control

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201646297U (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-11-24 金龙联合汽车工业(苏州)有限公司 Fixed structure of coach shock absorber
CN201737048U (en) * 2010-06-30 2011-02-09 富奥汽车零部件股份有限公司 Damping and steering drag link
CN201824831U (en) * 2010-10-22 2011-05-11 毕节地区力帆骏马振兴车辆有限公司 Steel plate spring with function of shock absorber support
CN202208238U (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-05-02 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Damping device and automobile
US20140376989A1 (en) * 2012-02-28 2014-12-25 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Connection arrangement for a motor vehicle wheel suspension
CN202743002U (en) * 2012-07-24 2013-02-20 湖北航天技术研究院特种车辆技术中心 Independent suspension used for motor-driven passenger car
CN102887042A (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-01-23 柳州孔辉汽车科技有限公司 Independent front suspension with transversely arranged steel plate spring
CN105459749A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-04-06 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Vehicle and shock absorber thereof
CN106427447A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-22 恒屹(上海)新能源汽车技术有限公司 Damper assembly
US20200148021A1 (en) * 2018-11-14 2020-05-14 Rivian Automotive, LLC Suspension with jounce bumper balanced for caster control

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114714840A (en) * 2022-04-12 2022-07-08 东风柳州汽车有限公司 Shock absorber assembly and car

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