CN111716566A - Fine engraving machine for mica sheet production and using method thereof - Google Patents

Fine engraving machine for mica sheet production and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111716566A
CN111716566A CN202010544779.9A CN202010544779A CN111716566A CN 111716566 A CN111716566 A CN 111716566A CN 202010544779 A CN202010544779 A CN 202010544779A CN 111716566 A CN111716566 A CN 111716566A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
tool
machine
mica sheets
engraving
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010544779.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
温凯华
吴运峰
温苑苑
吴梦晨
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Anhui Ruiguang Electronic Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Ruiguang Electronic Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Ruiguang Electronic Technology Co ltd filed Critical Anhui Ruiguang Electronic Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202010544779.9A priority Critical patent/CN111716566A/en
Publication of CN111716566A publication Critical patent/CN111716566A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28DWORKING STONE OR STONE-LIKE MATERIALS
    • B28D1/00Working stone or stone-like materials, e.g. brick, concrete or glass, not provided for elsewhere; Machines, devices, tools therefor
    • B28D1/22Working stone or stone-like materials, e.g. brick, concrete or glass, not provided for elsewhere; Machines, devices, tools therefor by cutting, e.g. incising
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28DWORKING STONE OR STONE-LIKE MATERIALS
    • B28D1/00Working stone or stone-like materials, e.g. brick, concrete or glass, not provided for elsewhere; Machines, devices, tools therefor
    • B28D1/32Methods and apparatus specially adapted for working materials which can easily be split, e.g. mica, slate, schist
    • B28D1/327Methods and apparatus specially adapted for working materials which can easily be split, e.g. mica, slate, schist for cutting or shearing easily splittable working materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28DWORKING STONE OR STONE-LIKE MATERIALS
    • B28D7/00Accessories specially adapted for use with machines or devices of the preceding groups
    • B28D7/005Devices for the automatic drive or the program control of the machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28DWORKING STONE OR STONE-LIKE MATERIALS
    • B28D7/00Accessories specially adapted for use with machines or devices of the preceding groups
    • B28D7/02Accessories specially adapted for use with machines or devices of the preceding groups for removing or laying dust, e.g. by spraying liquids; for cooling work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28DWORKING STONE OR STONE-LIKE MATERIALS
    • B28D7/00Accessories specially adapted for use with machines or devices of the preceding groups
    • B28D7/04Accessories specially adapted for use with machines or devices of the preceding groups for supporting or holding work or conveying or discharging work

Abstract

The invention discloses an engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets, which comprises a machine body, wherein a processing piece placing plate is arranged at the top end of the machine body, channels are arranged on the processing piece placing plate at equal intervals, a pressing assembly is arranged in each channel, first slide rails are arranged on two sides of the upper end surface of the machine body, first slide blocks are arranged on the first slide rails, U-shaped mounting plates are arranged on the first slide blocks, a moving frame is arranged on each U-shaped mounting plate, guide shafts are arranged in the moving frame, and linear bearings are arranged on the guide shafts. The invention solves the problem of complicated steps of traditional manual tool changing, not only improves the working efficiency of the device, but also ensures the engraving quality, lightens the working strength of workers, and is provided with the dust cleaning device, thereby improving the cleanness of the engraving machine and mica sheets on the one hand, and sucking away scraps or powder in time on the other hand to protect electrical elements in the machine, so that the machine runs more stably, the service life is prolonged, and the whole structure is reasonable in design.

Description

Fine engraving machine for mica sheet production and using method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of mica sheet production, and particularly relates to an engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets and a using method thereof.
Background
The natural mica sheet is a mica part with a certain thickness and a certain shape, which is prepared by peeling, thickening, cutting, drilling or punching thick mica sheets, and the product is suitable for televisions, power capacitors, thermal relays, monitoring displays, aerospace, aviation, communication, radars, heat-resistant framework sheets and the like as raw and auxiliary materials. Dividing into: the electric heater chip, the electric heater guard plate, the gasket, the electronic tube piece and the bulb piece are made of natural mineral products, have the characteristics of no pollution, insulation and good voltage resistance, can punch natural mica sheets with various specifications according to customer requirements, are generally cut by a carving machine during mass production, and can automatically cut the mica sheets into various shapes according to programming, so that different products can be conveniently used.
The existing engraving machine for producing mica sheets has certain disadvantages in the using process, firstly, the automation degree of the engraving machine for producing mica sheets is poor, mica sheets with different specifications or different processes need different cutters to be processed, the traditional engraving machine for producing mica sheets is manually disassembled and replaced by workers, and the procedures of cutter setting, positioning, path changing and the like are needed after replacement, the cutter replacing procedures occupy a large amount of working time, the working efficiency is reduced, errors are easy to cause, the engraving quality cannot be guaranteed, the labor intensity of the operators is high, in addition, the cutters rotate at high speed to engrave the mica sheets to generate scraps or powder, if the scraps or powder are not processed in time, the cleanness of the engraving machine and the mica sheets is not easy to be guaranteed, and on the other hand, the scraps or powder can easily enter the engraving machine, the electrical components in the machine may be lost for a long time, and certain influence is brought to practical use, so that the engraving and milling machine for producing the mica sheets and the using method thereof are provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets and a using method thereof, which mainly solve the following technical problems:
1) the traditional engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets is characterized in that workers manually carry out cutter dismounting and replacing operations, and also need to carry out procedures such as cutter setting, positioning, path changing and the like after replacement, the cutter replacing procedures occupy a large amount of working time, the working efficiency is reduced, errors are easily caused, the engraving quality cannot be guaranteed, and meanwhile, the technical problem of high labor intensity of the operators is solved;
2) the cutter rotates at a high speed to carve the mica sheets to generate scraps or powder, if the scraps or powder are not processed in time, on one hand, the cleanness of the carving machine and the mica sheets is not easy to ensure, on the other hand, the scraps or powder easily enter the carving machine, and the technical problem that electrical elements inside the machine are possibly lost for a long time is solved.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
an engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets comprises a machine body, wherein a workpiece placing plate is arranged at the top end of the machine body, and the workpiece placing plate is provided with channels at equal intervals, the channel is internally provided with a pressing component, the two sides of the upper end surface of the machine body are both provided with first sliding rails, and the first slide rail is provided with a first slide block which is provided with a U-shaped mounting plate, a movable frame is arranged on the U-shaped mounting plate, a guide shaft is arranged in the movable frame, a linear bearing is arranged on the guide shaft, a first mounting plate is arranged on the linear bearing, a second mounting plate is fixedly connected with one side of the linear bearing opposite to the first mounting plate, and install the sculpture case on the second mounting panel, a side wall of organism installs the support, and the top of support installs the cylinder, the piston rod end of cylinder runs through the support and is connected with automatic tool changing mechanism.
As a further scheme of the invention: the lead screw pair is installed in the both sides of organism, the lateral wall of first mounting panel and the inside of carving the case and is provided power input by the lead screw pair.
As a further scheme of the invention: the screw pair comprises a servo motor, a ball screw nut and a bearing with a seat, the tail end of an output shaft of the servo motor is connected with the ball screw through a coupler, the ball screw nut is installed on the ball screw, and the bearing with the seat is installed at two ends of the ball screw.
As a further scheme of the invention: the equal fixedly connected with guard plate of organism up end of board both sides is placed to the machined part, and the length of guard plate equals the length of organism.
As a further scheme of the invention: the pressing assembly comprises a threaded shaft, a movable block and a pressing block, the bottom end of the threaded shaft is movably connected with the movable block, and the top end of the threaded shaft is in threaded connection with the pressing block.
As a further scheme of the invention: the movable frame is provided with an opening, and telescopic dustproof shutters are arranged on two sides of the opening.
As a further scheme of the invention: the carving box comprises a box body shell, a third mounting plate, a second slide rail, a second slide block, a fourth mounting plate, a fixing block, a connecting piece, a tool bit clamp, a tool bit, a first motor, a dust collector, a suction duct, a discharge duct, a front cover plate, a horn mouth, a duct mounting plate, a rear cover plate and a dust collecting box, wherein the third mounting plate is arranged inside the box body shell, the second slide rail is arranged on two sides of the third mounting plate, the second slide rail is arranged on the second slide rail, the fourth mounting plate is fixedly connected on the second slide block, the fixing block is fixedly connected on the fourth mounting plate, the connecting piece is fixedly connected on the fixing block, the tool bit clamp is arranged at the bottom end of the connecting piece, the tool bit is arranged on the tool bit clamp, the first motor is arranged at the top end of the connecting piece, the dust collector is arranged inside the box body shell, and the suction end and the discharge end of the dust collector, the tail end of the suction guide pipe is connected with a horn mouth, the tail end of the discharge guide pipe is connected with an ash collecting box, and the suction guide pipe and the discharge guide pipe are fixed on the outer wall of the movable frame through guide pipe mounting plates.
As a further scheme of the invention: the front surface of the box body shell is provided with a front cover plate, the back surface of the box body shell is provided with a rear cover plate, the position of the rear cover plate corresponds to the position of the dust collector, and the rear cover plate is provided with a row of heat dissipation holes.
As a further scheme of the invention: automatic tool changing mechanism places hole, cutter, second motor, gear shaft and fluting including cutter case shell, fixed axle, ball bearing, gear wheel, cutter, the center department fixedly connected with fixed axle of the inside bottom of cutter case shell, and the top of fixed axle is connected with the gear wheel through ball bearing, the hole is placed to the first-class angle circumference array of gear wheel seted up the cutter, and installs the cutter on the cutter places the hole, the second motor is installed on the top of cutter case shell, and the output shaft end of second motor extends to the inside of cutter case shell, second motor output shaft end is through shaft coupling fixedly connected with gear shaft, and gear shaft and gear wheel intermeshing, the fluting has been seted up on the cutter case shell.
A use method of an engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets comprises the following specific operation steps:
the method comprises the following steps: firstly, relevant parameters of the device are set through a control cabinet matched with the device, then an engraving process program is guided into the control cabinet, then a mica sheet to be engraved is placed on the surface of a workpiece placing plate, the mica sheet is fixed through a pressing assembly, a movable block can be placed into a channel on the workpiece placing plate after the movable block is rotated, and then the pressing block is rotated to enable the pressing block to press the mica sheet so as to fix the mica sheet, and four corners of the mica sheet are generally fixed;
step two: the mica sheet carving device comprises a carving box, a lead screw pair, a cutter head clamp, a first motor, a cutter head clamp, a cutter head, a dust collector, a discharging pipe and a discharging pipe, wherein the carving box is started to carve mica sheets, the lead screw pair in the movable frame controls the displacement of the carving box on an X axis, the lead screw pair fixed on the side wall of a machine body controls the displacement of a Y axis of the movable frame, the carving box is fixed on the movable frame, the lead screw pair is also installed in the carving box and used for controlling the displacement of a Z axis of the cutter head, so that the XYZ axes of the cutter head can displace and precisely carve the mica sheets, the first motor drives the cutter head clamp and the cutter head to rotate, the cutter head rotates at a high speed to carve the mica sheets to generate scraps or powder in the carving process, the dust collector installed in the carving box;
step three: when the device changes the tool, a piston rod of the air cylinder extends out to drive the automatic tool changing mechanism to descend to a specified position, at the moment, the second motor drives the gear shaft to rotate, the gear shaft is meshed with the large gear to rotate, the vacant position is rotated into the groove, then the carving box is automatically close to the vacant position, the currently used tool is placed into the vacant position, then the second motor continues to rotate, the tool to be changed is rotated out of the groove, and the tool bit clamp automatically clamps the tool to complete the tool changing step.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the automatic tool changing device is provided with an automatic tool changing mechanism, a piston rod of an air cylinder extends out to drive the automatic tool changing mechanism to descend to a specified position, a second motor drives a gear shaft to rotate at the moment, the gear shaft is meshed with a large gear to rotate, a vacant position is rotated into a groove, then a carving box automatically approaches the vacant position, a currently used tool is placed into the vacant position, then the second motor continues to rotate, the tool to be changed is rotated out of the groove, a tool bit clamp automatically clamps the tool to complete a tool changing step, the traditional manual tool changing complicated step is replaced, the working efficiency of the device is improved, the carving quality is guaranteed, and the working strength of workers is reduced;
2. be provided with dust extraction at glyptic in-process, the tool bit rotates at a high speed and carves the mica sheet and can produce sweeps or powder, the dust catcher of installation in the sculpture incasement can in time absorb away sweeps or powder, with the cleanliness factor of keeping device and mica sheet, the dust catcher is through inhaling pipe and loudspeaker mouth and absorbing away powder rethread discharge conduit and carry the interior unified processing of ash collecting box, the cleaness of engraver itself and mica sheet has been improved on the one hand, on the other hand in time absorbs away sweeps or powder and has protected mechanical inside electrical components, make mechanical operation more stable and prolonged life, overall structure reasonable in design.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure at a in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the movable frame of the present invention after being cut open.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a moving rack, a protective plate and a telescopic dustproof louver in the invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the construction of the compressing assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a screw pair in the present invention.
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the U-shaped mounting plate of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the engraving box of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of the structure of the engraving box of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is an exploded view of the structure of the automatic tool changing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a partial structural schematic view of an automatic tool changing mechanism of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a body; 2. a workpiece placing plate; 3. a channel; 4. a compression assembly; 41. a threaded shaft; 42. a movable block; 43. a compression block; 5. a lead screw pair; 51. a servo motor; 52. a ball screw; 53. a ball screw nut; 54. a pedestal bearing; 6. a first slide rail; 7. a first slider; 8. a U-shaped mounting plate; 9. a movable frame; 10. a guide shaft; 11. a linear bearing; 12. a first mounting plate; 13. a second mounting plate; 14. engraving the box; 141. a case body shell; 142. a third mounting plate; 143. a second slide rail; 144. a second slider; 145. a fourth mounting plate; 146. a fixed block; 147. a connecting member; 148. a tool bit holder; 149. a cutter head; 1410. a first motor; 1411. a vacuum cleaner; 1412. a suction duct; 1413. a discharge conduit; 1414. a front cover plate; 1415. a bell mouth; 1416. a conduit mounting plate; 1417. a rear cover plate; 1418. a dust collection box; 15. a support; 16. a cylinder; 17. an automatic tool changing mechanism; 171. a tool box housing; 172. a fixed shaft; 173. a ball bearing; 174. a bull gear; 175. a cutter placing hole; 176. a cutter; 177. a second motor; 178. a gear shaft; 179. grooving; 18. a protection plate; 19. an opening; 20. telescopic dustproof tripe.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-11, an engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets comprises a machine body 1, a workpiece placing plate 2 is installed at the top end of the machine body 1, a slot 3 is arranged on the workpiece placing plate 2 at an equal distance, a pressing component 4 is installed in the slot 3, first slide rails 6 are installed on two sides of the upper end surface of the machine body 1, first slide blocks 7 are installed on the first slide rails 6, two first slide blocks 7 are installed on each first slide rail 6, a U-shaped mounting plate 8 is installed on each first slide block 7, a moving frame 9 is installed on each U-shaped mounting plate 8, guide shafts 10 are installed inside the moving frame 9, linear bearings 11 are installed on the guide shafts 10, two linear bearings 11 are installed on each guide shaft 10, a first mounting plate 12 is installed on each linear bearing 11, a second mounting plate 13 is fixedly connected to one side of each linear bearing 11, which is opposite to the first mounting plate 12, and install sculpture case 14 on the second mounting panel 13, install support 15 on organism 1 lateral wall, and the top of support 15 installs cylinder 16, and the piston rod end of cylinder 16 runs through support 15 and is connected with automatic tool changing mechanism 17.
The two sides of the machine body 1, the side wall of the first mounting plate 12 and the interior of the engraving box 14 are all provided with a screw pair 5, and the screw pair 5 provides power input.
The screw pair 5 comprises a servo motor 51, a ball screw 52, a ball nut 53 and a bearing 54 with a seat, the end of an output shaft of the servo motor 51 is connected with the ball screw 52 through a coupler, the ball nut 53 is installed on the ball screw 52, and the bearing 54 with the seat is installed at two ends of the ball screw 52. The rolling bearings 54 on the two sides of the machine body 1 are fixedly connected with the side walls of the machine body 1, the ball screws 53 on the two sides of the machine body 1 are fixedly connected with the bottom ends of the U-shaped mounting plates 8, the side wall ball screws 53 on the first mounting plates 12 are fixedly connected with the first mounting plates 12, and the rolling bearings 54 inside the movable frame 9 are fixedly connected with the inner walls of the movable frame 9.
The equal fixedly connected with guard plate 18 of organism 1 up end of board 2 both sides is placed to the machined part, and the length of guard plate 18 equals the length of organism 1. The guard plate 18 is used to prevent debris or powder from being scattered outside the device when the device is engraved.
The pressing assembly 4 comprises a threaded shaft 41, a movable block 42 and a pressing block 43, the bottom end of the threaded shaft 41 is movably connected with the movable block 42, the top end of the threaded shaft 41 is connected with the pressing block 43 in a threaded manner, the cross section of the top view of the movable block 42 is in an oblong shape, and anti-skid grains are arranged at two ends of the movable block.
An opening 19 is formed in the movable frame 9, telescopic dustproof shutters 20 are mounted on two sides of the opening 19, and one side, close to the engraving box 14, of each telescopic dustproof shutter 20 is connected with the side wall of the box body shell 141.
The engraving box 14 comprises a box body casing 141, a third mounting plate 142, a second sliding rail 143, a second sliding block 144, a fourth mounting plate 145, a fixed block 146, a connecting piece 147, a tool bit clamp 148, a tool bit 149, a first motor 1410, a dust collector 1411, a suction duct 1412, a discharge duct 1413, a front cover plate 1414, a bell mouth 1415, a duct mounting plate 1416, a rear cover plate 1417 and a dust collecting box 1418, wherein the third mounting plate 142 is mounted inside the box body casing 141, the second sliding rail 143 is mounted on both sides of the third mounting plate 142, the second sliding block 144 is mounted on the second sliding rail 143, a screw pair 5 is also mounted at the middle position of the third mounting plate 142, the second sliding block 144 is fixedly connected with a ball screw 53 in the screw pair 5, the third mounting plate 142 is fixedly connected with a bearing 54 with a seat in the screw pair 5, the fourth mounting plate 145 is fixedly connected on the second sliding block 144, the cross section of the fourth mounting plate 145 is in a shape like a Chinese character' ko, a fixed block 146 is fixedly connected to the fourth mounting plate 145, a connecting piece 147 is fixedly connected to the fixed block 146, a tool bit clamp 148 is mounted at the bottom end of the connecting piece 147, a tool bit 149 is mounted on the tool bit clamp 148, a first motor 1410 is mounted at the top end of the connecting piece 147, a dust collector 1411 is mounted inside the box body casing 141, a suction duct 1412 and a discharge duct 1413 are distributed at the suction end and the discharge end of the dust collector 1411, the suction duct 1412 and the discharge duct 1413 are telescopic hoses and are light in weight, a bell mouth 1415 is connected to the tail end of the suction duct 1412, an ash collection box 1418 is connected to the tail end of the discharge duct 1413, the bell mouth 1415 is mounted on the side wall of the box body 1, the suction duct 1412 and the discharge duct 1413 are fixed to the outer wall of the movable frame 9 through a duct mounting plate 1416, and the height of the discharge duct 1413 is.
The front surface of the box casing 141 is provided with a front cover plate 1414, the back surface of the box casing 141 is provided with a back cover plate 1417, the position of the back cover plate 1417 corresponds to the position of the dust collector 1411, and the back cover plate 1417 is provided with a row of heat dissipation holes.
The automatic tool changing mechanism 17 comprises a tool box shell 171, a fixing shaft 172, a ball bearing 173, a large gear 174, a tool placing hole 175, a tool 176, a second motor 177, a gear shaft 178 and a slot 179, wherein the fixing shaft 172 is fixedly connected to the center of the bottom end inside the tool box shell 171, the top end of the fixing shaft 172 is connected with the large gear 174 through the ball bearing 173, the tool placing hole 175 is formed in an equiangular circumferential array on the large gear 174, the tool 176 is installed on the tool placing hole 175, the second motor 177 is installed at the top end of the tool box shell 171, the tail end of an output shaft of the second motor 177 extends into the tool box shell 171, the tail end of the output shaft of the second motor 177 is fixedly connected with the gear shaft 178 through a coupler, the gear shaft 178 is meshed with the large gear 174, and the slot 179 is formed. The vertical distance between the cutter box shell 171 and the axis of the piston rod of the air cylinder 16 is larger than the vertical distance between the axis of the cutter head 149 and the box body shell 141, the groove 179 is used for matching with the carving box 14 to avoid a space for the cutter head clamp 148 during cutter changing, and therefore the box body shell 141 cannot collide with other parts during the cutter changing process of the carving box 14.
The invention also provides a use method of the engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets, which comprises the following specific operation steps:
the method comprises the following steps: firstly, relevant parameters of the device are set through a control cabinet matched with the device, then an engraving process program is guided into the control cabinet, secondly, the mica sheets to be engraved are placed on the surface of the workpiece placing plate 2, then the mica sheets are fixed through the pressing component 4, the movable block 42 is rotated to be placed into the groove channel 3 on the workpiece placing plate 2, then the pressing block 43 is rotated to enable the pressing block 43 to press the mica sheets to fix the mica sheets, and generally, four corners of the mica sheets are fixed;
step two: the carving box 14 is started to carve the mica sheets, the lead screw pair 5 in the movable frame 9 controls the displacement of the carving box 14 on the X axis, the lead screw pair 5 fixed on the side wall of the machine body 1 controls the displacement of the Y axis of the movable frame 9, the carving box 14 is fixed on the movable frame 9, the lead screw pair 5 is also arranged in the carving box 14, the device is used for controlling the Z-axis displacement of the tool bit 149, so that the XYZ three axes of the tool bit 149 can displace and precisely engrave the mica sheet, the first motor 1410 drives the tool bit clamp 148 and the tool bit 149 to rotate, during the engraving process, the tool bit 149 rotates at a high speed to carve the mica sheets to generate waste scraps or powder, a dust collector 1411 arranged in the carving box 14 can suck the waste scraps or powder in time, to maintain the cleanliness of the device and the mica sheets, the dust collector 1411 sucks powder through the suction duct 1412 and the bell mouth 1415 and then conveys the powder into the dust collection box 1418 through the discharge duct 1413 for uniform treatment;
step three: when the device changes tools, a piston rod of the air cylinder 16 extends out to drive the automatic tool changing mechanism 17 to descend to a specified position, at the moment, the second motor 177 drives the gear shaft 178 to rotate, the gear shaft 178 is meshed with the large gear 174 to rotate, the vacant position is rotated into the groove 179, then the carving box 14 is automatically close to the vacant position, the currently used tool 176 is placed into the vacant position, then the second motor 177 continuously rotates, the tool 176 to be changed is rotated out of the groove 179, the tool bit clamp 148 automatically clamps the tool 176 to complete a tool changing step, and the traditional complicated step of manual tool changing is replaced.
This cnc engraving and milling machine is used in mica sheet production, when using, at first through the supporting switch board that uses of device, carry out relevant parameter setting to the device, again will carve the leading-in switch board of processing technology procedure, secondly will treat that glyptic mica sheet places the surface of board 2 at the machined part, reuse compresses tightly subassembly 4 and fixes the mica sheet, rotate movable block 42 can place the channel 3 on the board 2 with it to the machined part in, later rotate compact block 43 and make compact block 43 compress tightly the mica sheet just can fix it, four turnings of general fixed mica sheet can.
The carving box 14 is started to carve the mica sheets, the screw pair 5 in the movable frame 9 controls the displacement of the carving box 14 on the X axis, the screw pair 5 fixed on the side wall of the machine body 1 controls the displacement of the Y axis of the movable frame 9, the servo motor 51 drives the ball screw 52 to rotate and drive the ball screw nut 53 to move, then the ball screw nut 53 is driven to be connected with the fixed ball screw nut 53 and move simultaneously, the carving box 14 is fixed on the movable frame 9, the screw pair 5 is also installed in the carving box 14 and used for controlling the Z axis displacement of the tool bit 149, so that the XYZ three axes of the tool bit 149 can be displaced and precisely carve the mica sheets, the first motor 1410 drives the tool bit clamp 148 and the tool bit 149 to rotate, in the carving process, the tool bit 149 rotates at a high speed to carve the mica sheets to generate scraps or powder, the dust collector 1411 installed in the carving box 14 can suck the scraps or powder in time, to maintain the cleanliness of the device and the mica sheets, the vacuum cleaner 1411 sucks the powder through the suction duct 1412 and the bell 1415 and delivers the powder through the discharge duct 1413 into the dust collection tank 1418 for uniform treatment.
When the device changes tools, a piston rod of the air cylinder 16 extends out to drive the automatic tool changing mechanism 17 to descend to a specified position, at the moment, the second motor 177 drives the gear shaft 178 to rotate, the gear shaft 178 is meshed with the large gear 174 to rotate, the vacant position is rotated into the groove 179, then the carving box 14 automatically approaches the vacant position, the currently used tool 176 is placed into the vacant position, then the second motor 177 continuously rotates, the tool 176 to be changed is rotated out of the groove 179, the tool bit clamp 148 automatically clamps the tool 176 to complete a tool changing step, and the traditional complicated step of manual tool changing is replaced.
According to the invention, through the arranged automatic tool changing mechanism 17, the piston rod of the air cylinder 16 extends out to drive the automatic tool changing mechanism 17 to descend to a specified position, at the moment, the second motor 177 drives the gear shaft 178 to rotate, the tool bit clamp 148 is meshed with the large gear 174 to rotate, the vacant position is rotated into the groove 179, then the carving box 14 automatically approaches the vacant position, the currently used tool 176 is placed in the vacant position, then the second motor 177 continuously rotates to rotate the tool 176 to be changed out of the groove 179, the gear shaft 178 automatically clamps the tool 176 to complete the tool changing step, the complicated step of the traditional manual tool changing is replaced, the working efficiency of the device is improved, the carving quality is ensured, the working strength of workers is reduced, in addition, a dust suction device is arranged, in the carving process of carving, 149 rotates at high speed to carve mica sheets to generate scraps or powder, a dust collector 1411 arranged in the carving box 14 can suck the scraps or powder in time, with the cleanliness of keeping device and mica sheet, dust catcher 1411 sucks away the powder through suction duct 1412 and bell mouth 1415 and carries in the dust collection case 1418 unified processing through discharge pipe 1413, has improved the cleanliness of engraver itself and mica sheet on the one hand, and on the other hand has protected the inside electrical components of machinery in time to suck away sweeps or powder for mechanical operation is more stable and has prolonged life, and overall structure reasonable in design.
The foregoing is merely exemplary and illustrative of the present invention and various modifications, additions and substitutions may be made by those skilled in the art to the specific embodiments described without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a mica sheet production is with cnc engraving and milling machine, includes organism (1), its characterized in that: the processing piece placing device is characterized in that a processing piece placing plate (2) is installed at the top end of the machine body (1), a channel (3) starts to be arranged on the processing piece placing plate (2) at an equal distance, a compressing assembly (4) is installed in the channel (3), first sliding rails (6) are installed on two sides of the upper end face of the machine body (1), a first sliding block (7) is installed on the first sliding rails (6), a U-shaped mounting plate (8) is installed on the first sliding block (7), a moving frame (9) is installed on the U-shaped mounting plate (8), a guide shaft (10) is installed inside the moving frame (9), a linear bearing (11) is installed on the guide shaft (10), a first mounting plate (12) is installed on the linear bearing (11), a second mounting plate (13) is fixedly connected to one side, opposite to the first mounting plate (12), of the linear bearing (11), and a carving box (14) is installed on the second mounting plate, a support (15) is installed on one side wall of the machine body (1), an air cylinder (16) is installed at the top end of the support (15), and the tail end of a piston rod of the air cylinder (16) penetrates through the support (15) and is connected with an automatic tool changing mechanism (17).
2. The engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets according to claim 1, characterized in that: screw pairs (5) are arranged on the two sides of the machine body (1), the side wall of the first mounting plate (12) and the inside of the carving box (14) respectively, and power input is provided by the screw pairs (5).
3. The engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets according to claim 2, characterized in that: the lead screw pair (5) comprises a servo motor (51), a ball screw (52), a ball screw nut (53) and a bearing with a seat (54), the tail end of an output shaft of the servo motor (51) is connected with the ball screw (52) through a coupler, the ball screw nut (53) is installed on the ball screw (52), and the bearing with the seat (54) is installed at two ends of the ball screw (52).
4. The engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets according to claim 1, characterized in that: the workpiece placing plate is characterized in that protection plates (18) are fixedly connected to the upper end faces of the machine bodies (1) on the two sides of the workpiece placing plate (2), and the length of each protection plate (18) is equal to that of each machine body (1).
5. The engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets according to claim 1, characterized in that: compress tightly subassembly (4) including threaded shaft (41), movable block (42) and compact heap (43), the bottom swing joint of threaded shaft (41) has movable block (42), the top threaded connection of threaded shaft (41) has compact heap (43).
6. The engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets according to claim 1, characterized in that: an opening (19) is formed in the movable frame (9), and telescopic dustproof shutters (20) are mounted on two sides of the opening (19).
7. The engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets according to claim 1, characterized in that: the carving box (14) comprises a box body shell (141), a third mounting plate (142), a second sliding rail (143), a second sliding block (144), a fourth mounting plate (145), a fixing block (146), a connecting piece (147), a tool bit clamp (148), a tool bit (149), a first motor (1410), a dust collector (1411), a suction duct (1412), a discharge duct (1413), a front cover plate (1414), a bell mouth (1415), a duct mounting plate (1416), a rear cover plate (1417) and a dust collecting box (1418), wherein the third mounting plate (142) is mounted inside the box body shell (141), the second sliding rail (143) is mounted on two sides of the third mounting plate (142), the second sliding block (144) is mounted on the second sliding rail (143), the fourth mounting plate (145) is fixedly connected on the second sliding block (144), and the fixing block (146) is fixedly connected on the fourth mounting plate (145), and fixedly connected with connecting piece (147) on fixed block (146), and tool bit anchor clamps (148) are installed to the bottom of connecting piece (147), install tool bit (149) on tool bit anchor clamps (148), first motor (1410) are installed on the top of connecting piece (147), the internally mounted of box shell (141) has dust catcher (1411), and suction end and the discharge end distribution of dust catcher (1411) install suction conduit (1412) and exhaust conduit (1413), the end-to-end connection of suction conduit (1412) has horn mouth (1415), the end-to-end connection of exhaust conduit (1413) has collection ash box (1418), suction conduit (1412) and exhaust conduit (1413) are fixed on the outer wall that removes frame (9) through pipe mounting panel (1416).
8. The engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets according to claim 7, wherein: the front surface of the box body shell (141) is provided with a front cover plate (1414), the back surface of the box body shell (141) is provided with a rear cover plate (1417), the position of the rear cover plate (1417) corresponds to the position of the dust collector (1411), and the rear cover plate (1417) is provided with a row of heat dissipation holes.
9. The engraving and milling machine for producing mica sheets according to claim 1, characterized in that: the automatic tool changing mechanism (17) comprises a tool box shell (171), a fixed shaft (172), a ball bearing (173), a large gear (174), a tool placing hole (175), a tool (176), a second motor (177), a gear shaft (178) and a slot (179), wherein the fixed shaft (172) is fixedly connected with the center of the inner bottom end of the tool box shell (171), the top end of the fixed shaft (172) is connected with the large gear (174) through the ball bearing (173), the tool placing hole (175) is formed in the large gear (174) in an equiangular circumferential array, the tool placing hole (175) is provided with the tool (176), the top end of the tool box shell (171) is provided with the second motor (177), the tail end of an output shaft of the second motor (177) extends to the inner part of the tool box shell (171), and the tail end of the output shaft of the second motor (177) is fixedly connected with the gear shaft (178) through a, and the gear shaft (178) is meshed with the large gear (174), and the cutter box shell (171) is provided with a slot (179).
10. The use method of the engraving and milling machine for producing the mica sheets is characterized by comprising the following steps of: the device comprises the following specific operation steps:
the method comprises the following steps: firstly, relevant parameters of the device are set through a control cabinet matched with the device, then an engraving process program is guided into the control cabinet, secondly, the mica sheets to be engraved are placed on the surface of the workpiece placing plate (2), then, the mica sheets are fixed through a pressing assembly (4), the movable block (42) is rotated to be placed into a channel (3) on the workpiece placing plate (2), then, the pressing block (43) is rotated to enable the pressing block (43) to press the mica sheets to be fixed, and four corners of the mica sheets are generally fixed;
step two: the mica sheet carving device is characterized in that a carving box (14) is started to carve mica sheets, a lead screw pair (5) in a movable frame (9) controls the displacement of the carving box (14) on an X axis, a lead screw pair (5) fixed on the side wall of a machine body (1) controls the displacement of a Y axis of the movable frame (9), the carving box (14) is fixed on the movable frame (9), the lead screw pair (5) is also installed in the carving box (14) and used for controlling the displacement of the Z axis of a cutter head (149), so that the XYZ three axes of the cutter head (149) can displace and carve the mica sheets accurately, a first motor (1410) drives a cutter head clamp (148) and the cutter head (149) to rotate, the cutter head (149) rotates at a high speed in the carving process of the mica sheets to generate scraps or powder, a dust collector (1411) installed in the carving box (14) can suck the scraps or powder in time to keep the cleanness of the device and the mica sheets, the dust collector (1411) sucks powder through the suction duct (1412) and the bell mouth (1415) and then conveys the powder into the dust collection box (1418) through the discharge duct (1413) for uniform treatment;
step three: when the device changes tools, a piston rod of the air cylinder (16) extends out to drive the automatic tool changing mechanism (17) to descend to a specified position, at the moment, the second motor (177) drives the gear shaft (178) to rotate, the gear shaft (178) is meshed with the large gear (174) to rotate, the vacant position is rotated into the groove (179), then the carving box (14) automatically approaches the vacant position, the currently used tool (176) is placed into the vacant position, then the second motor (177) continuously rotates, the tool (176) to be changed is rotated out of the groove (179), and the tool bit clamp (148) automatically clamps the tool (176) to complete a tool changing step.
CN202010544779.9A 2020-06-15 2020-06-15 Fine engraving machine for mica sheet production and using method thereof Pending CN111716566A (en)

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