CN111618686B - Shaving equipment capable of improving surface flatness of furniture wood and working method thereof - Google Patents

Shaving equipment capable of improving surface flatness of furniture wood and working method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111618686B
CN111618686B CN202010692494.XA CN202010692494A CN111618686B CN 111618686 B CN111618686 B CN 111618686B CN 202010692494 A CN202010692494 A CN 202010692494A CN 111618686 B CN111618686 B CN 111618686B
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China
Prior art keywords
wood
plate
sides
motor
polishing
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CN202010692494.XA
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CN111618686A (en
Inventor
马士刚
朱秀艳
李敏
孙明丰
刘辉
陈影
阵中彬
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Anhui Weiaote Handicraft Co ltd
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Anhui Weiaote Handicraft Co ltd
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Publication of CN111618686A publication Critical patent/CN111618686A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B7/00Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B7/20Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground
    • B24B7/28Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground for grinding wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0076Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines comprising two or more grinding tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B7/00Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B7/06Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor involving conveyor belts, a sequence of travelling work-tables or the like
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B5/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical techniques
    • G01B5/28Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical techniques for measuring roughness or irregularity of surfaces

Abstract

The invention discloses a wood shaving device capable of improving the surface flatness of furniture wood and a working method thereof, the wood shaving device comprises a processing table and a feeding table, the processing table and the feeding table are arranged side by side along the horizontal direction, guide plates are arranged at two longitudinal sides of the table surface of the processing table, a bearing plate is horizontally arranged between the guide plates at the two sides, a first conveying mechanism and a second conveying mechanism are arranged between the guide plates at the two sides of the processing table, four vertical frames are respectively and vertically arranged at the outer sides of the guide plates at the two sides of the processing table, the tops of the vertical frames at the two sides of the processing table are fixedly connected through a quadrilateral frame, a shaving frame and a shaving finishing frame are sequentially arranged in the processing table along the advancing direction of the wood on the processing table, the polishing-flatness detection-finishing of the wood are all integrated on one device, the wood shaving processing efficiency is accelerated, meanwhile, repeated feeding polishing in the wood processing process is avoided, and the flatness of the wood surface can be effectively protected.

Description

Shaving equipment capable of improving surface flatness of furniture wood and working method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of wood processing, and particularly relates to wood shaving equipment capable of improving the surface flatness of furniture wood and a working method thereof.
Background
When furniture is manufactured, firstly, surface treatment needs to be carried out on manufacturing wood of the furniture, and currently, equipment for surface treatment of the furniture wood generally adopts a rotary planing mode to treat the surface of the wood, and the treatment mode leaves a lot of pits on the surface of the wood, so that the surface of the wood is uneven.
As patent application number (CN201910843376.1) discloses a but shaving machine of improvement furniture timber surface smoothness, including the device box, bilateral symmetry fixed mounting footstock on the top surface of device box, articulated installation cutter shell on the footstock of the left and right sides, the cutting space that the opening is decurrent when planing timber, starts cutting motor, and cutting motor drives first threaded rod and rotates, and first threaded rod rotates and drives the saddle and slide to the left side, and the saddle drives the planer tool left and carries out the planing to timber and handle, but this mode still exists following not enoughly to the processing and handling process of timber surface smoothness:
1. in the wood shaving process on the surface of the wood, the wood can be fed only by pushing by people, time and labor are wasted, and the existing wood shaving mechanism has certain limitation on wood conveying with different thicknesses and is poor in application range;
2. the existing wood surface shaving equipment can only realize polishing operation generally, cannot detect the flatness of the polished wood surface, and leads to repeated feeding and polishing in the wood surface flatness processing process, so that the operation is complex, the polishing efficiency is low, and the flatness is poor.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide wood shaving equipment capable of improving the surface flatness of furniture wood and a working method thereof, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a shaving device capable of improving the surface flatness of furniture wood comprises a processing table and a feeding table, wherein the processing table and the feeding table are arranged side by side along the horizontal direction, guide plates are arranged on two longitudinal sides of a table top of the processing table, a receiving plate is horizontally arranged between the guide plates on two sides, a first conveying mechanism and a second conveying mechanism are arranged between the guide plates on two sides of the processing table, four vertical frames are respectively and vertically arranged on the outer sides of the guide plates on two sides of the processing table, the tops of the vertical frames on two sides of the processing table are fixedly connected through a quadrilateral frame, and a shaving and shaving finishing frame is sequentially arranged in the processing table along the advancing direction of the wood on the processing table;
the wood shaving frame comprises a first supporting plate, first limiting plates are fixedly arranged in the middle positions of two ends of the first supporting plate, sliding plates I are vertically arranged on two sides of the first limiting plates at two ends of the first supporting plate respectively, the first supporting plate is clamped in the space between every two adjacent vertical frames through the first limiting plates at two sides, first guide plates matched with the first sliding plates are arranged on the inner side surfaces of the two adjacent vertical frames respectively, the first supporting plate is connected in the first guide plates of the vertical frames in a sliding mode through the first sliding plates at two ends, and a first polishing mechanism and a second polishing mechanism are fixedly arranged on the surface of the first supporting plate;
the polishing mechanism I and the polishing mechanism II are completely consistent in structure, the polishing mechanism I comprises a worm mounting rack, a turbine, a driving shaft, a worm, a motor III, a turntable, a first division plate, a circular notch, a first polishing motor, a speed reducer and a polishing disc, the surface of the first support plate is fixedly provided with the worm mounting rack, the worm is arranged on the worm mounting rack, one end of the worm penetrates through the worm mounting rack and is fixedly connected with the output end of the motor III, the driving shaft penetrates through the first support plate, the tail end of the driving shaft is fixedly connected with the surface center position of the turntable, the turbine is fixedly arranged at the position, above the first support plate, of the driving shaft, and the turbine is meshed with the;
the automatic polishing machine is characterized in that the first partition plate is located under the first support plate, the first partition plate is fixedly arranged on guide plates on two sides of a processing table, a circular notch for the turntable to pass through is formed in the first partition plate, the turntable is rotatably erected in the circular notch of the first partition plate, a plurality of first polishing motors are arranged in the disc surface of the turntable at equal angles, the first polishing motors are provided with four and four output shafts of the first polishing motors are connected with a polishing disc in a penetrating mode.
As a further scheme of the invention: an oil basin is arranged on the surface of the first supporting plate and located under the turbine, and the driving shaft penetrates through the oil basin.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the transverse width of the four polishing disks on the upper bottom surface of the rotating disk is larger than the diameter of the rotating disk.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and a first air cylinder is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the quadrilateral frame right above the first limiting plate, and a piston rod of the first air cylinder penetrates through the quadrilateral frame and is fixedly connected with the top surface of the first limiting plate.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the wood shaving fine trimming frame comprises a second supporting plate, second limiting plates are fixedly arranged in the middle positions of two ends of the second supporting plate, second sliding plates are vertically arranged on two sides, located on the second limiting plates, of the two ends of the second supporting plate, the second supporting plate is clamped in the space between the two adjacent vertical frames through the second limiting plates on the two sides, second guide plates matched with the second sliding plates are arranged on the inner side surfaces of the two adjacent vertical frames, the second supporting plate is connected in the second guide plates of the vertical frames in a sliding mode through the second sliding plates on the two ends, and second partition plates are arranged on two sides of the bottom surface of the second supporting plate through connecting columns;
the second partition plate is positioned between the guide plates on two sides of the machining table, side plates are vertically arranged at four corners of the surface of the second partition plate respectively, a first screw is arranged between the side plates on two sides, a first bevel gear is fixedly arranged at one end of the first screw, a fourth motor is fixedly arranged on the second partition plate, the output end of the fourth motor is fixedly connected with a second bevel gear, the first bevel gear is meshed with the second bevel gear, a first nut seat is connected to the first screw through threads, a sliding block is arranged on the bottom surface of the first nut seat, and the bottom end of the sliding block penetrates through the second partition plate and is fixedly connected with a dial indicator;
the automatic polishing machine is characterized in that a second screw rod is arranged between the side plates on the other two sides of the second partition plate, a third bevel gear is fixedly arranged at one end of the second screw rod, a fifth motor is fixedly arranged on the second partition plate, a fourth bevel gear is fixedly connected with an output end of the fifth motor, the third bevel gear is meshed with the fourth bevel gear, a second nut seat is connected to the second screw rod through threads, a sliding block is arranged on the bottom surface of the second nut seat, the bottom end of the sliding block penetrates through the second partition plate and is fixedly connected with a mounting plate of a hydraulic cylinder, a piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with a mounting base of the second polishing motor.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and a first air cylinder is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the quadrilateral frame right above the second limiting plate, and a piston rod of the first air cylinder penetrates through the quadrilateral frame and is fixedly connected with the top surface of the second limiting plate.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the structure of the first conveying mechanism is completely consistent with that of the second conveying mechanism, the second conveying mechanism comprises a bar-shaped block, a moving block, a first conveying roller, a fixed block, a second conveying roller, a connecting block, a push rod, a first motor and a second motor, guide grooves are formed in the guide plates on the two sides of the processing table in the vertical direction, the bar-shaped block is vertically arranged on each of the two sides of the bottom of each guide groove, the fixed blocks on the two sides of each guide groove are fixedly provided with the fixed blocks, the second conveying roller is rotatably connected to the fixed blocks on the two sides of each guide plate, one end of the second conveying roller is fixedly connected with the output end of the second motor, the moving block is slidably connected to the middle upper portion of each bar-shaped block on the two sides of each guide groove, the first conveying roller is;
the outer side surface of the guide plate is horizontally provided with a connecting block at the top of the guide groove, the connecting block is connected with a push rod through threads, and the tail end of the push rod is abutted against the top surface of the moving block.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and the highest point of the second conveying roller is flush with the plate surface of the bearing plate inside the processing table.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and a second air cylinder is fixedly arranged at one end of the table top of the feeding table, a push plate is fixedly arranged on the end surface of the piston rod of the second air cylinder, the push plate is arranged on the table top of the feeding table in a sliding manner, and the table top of the feeding table is flush with the highest point of the second conveying roller in the horizontal direction.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the thickness of wood, the push rod is rotated to drive the moving block to slide on the bar-shaped block, so that the distance between the first conveying roller and the second conveying roller is adjusted, the first conveying roller and the second conveying roller are driven by the first motor and the second motor to rotate oppositely to convey the wood, the wood is flatly placed on the table top of the loading table, the push plate is driven by the second air cylinder, the wood enters the flower planing frame through the first conveying roller and the second conveying roller in the second conveying mechanism, manual pushing of the wood in the wood planing process is abandoned, the working strength of operators is reduced, the distance between the first conveying roller and the second conveying roller is adjusted by pushing the moving block, the applicability of the wood planing equipment is high, and plates with different sizes can be conveyed;
2. the limiting plate I is pushed to move in the vertical direction through the first driving piston rod of the air cylinder, so that the position of the supporting plate I in the vertical direction is adjusted, the polishing disc is abutted against the surface of wood, the worm is driven by the motor III to be in meshing transmission with the turbine so as to drive the driving shaft to rotate, the driving shaft drives the turntable to rotate, the polishing motor I on the turntable drives the polishing disc to polish the surface of the wood, the polishing operation on the surface of the wood is realized, the polished wood enters the shaving finishing frame through the first conveying roller and the second conveying roller in the first conveying mechanism, the second limiting plate is pushed to move in the vertical direction through the first driving piston rod of the air cylinder, so that the position of the second dividing plate driven by the second supporting plate is adjusted in the vertical direction, the dial indicator pointer on the bottom surface of the second dividing plate is in contact with the surface of the wood, and the bevel gear II, thereby realizing that the screw drives the nut seat I to move longitudinally on the partition plate II, realizing the detection of the surface evenness of the wood, and drives the bevel gear four and the bevel gear three to be meshed for transmission through the motor five according to the measurement result of the dial indicator, thereby realizing that the screw rod II drives the nut seat II to move longitudinally on the partition plate II, the polishing motor II moves right above the deviation position of the wood, meanwhile, the piston rod is driven by the hydraulic cylinder to push the mounting base of the polishing motor II, the height of the second grinding motor is adjusted to realize the fine shaving processing of the wood, so that the polishing, the flatness detection and the fine shaving of the wood are all integrated on one device, the wood shaving processing efficiency is accelerated, meanwhile, repeated feeding polishing in the wood processing process is avoided, and the flatness of the wood surface can be effectively guaranteed.
Drawings
In order to facilitate understanding for those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a shaving apparatus for improving the flatness of the surface of wood of furniture.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a right side view of a processing station in a shaving apparatus for improving the flatness of the surface of furniture wood.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a shaving rack of a shaving apparatus for improving the flatness of the surface of wood of furniture.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a shaving rack in a shaving apparatus for improving the surface flatness of furniture wood.
Fig. 6 is a bottom view of a shaving rack of a shaving apparatus for improving the surface flatness of wood of furniture.
Fig. 7 is a left side view of a shaving finishing frame in a shaving apparatus for improving the flatness of the surface of a wood material of furniture.
FIG. 8 is a top view of a second partition board in a shaving apparatus for improving the flatness of the wood surface of furniture.
In the figure: the processing table 1, the vertical frame 101, the quadrilateral frame 102, the guide plate 103, the first conveying mechanism 104, the second conveying mechanism 105, the strip-shaped block 1051, the moving block 1052, the first conveying roller 1053, the fixed block 1054, the second conveying roller 1055, the connecting block 1056, the push rod 1057, the first motor 1058, the second motor 1059, the guide groove 106, the first cylinder 107, the feeding table 2, the second cylinder 201, the push plate 202, the shaving frame 3, the first support plate 301, the first sliding plate 302, the first guide plate 303, the first limiting plate 304, the first polishing mechanism 4, the second polishing mechanism 401, the oil pan 402, the worm mounting frame 403, the turbine 404, the driving shaft 405, the worm 406, the third motor 407, the turntable 408, the first partition plate, the circular notch 410, the first polishing motor 411, the speed reducer 412, the polishing disc 413, the shaving finishing frame 5, the second support plate 501, the second sliding plate 502, the second guiding plate 503, the second limiting plate 504, the connecting column 505, the grinding machine comprises a first screw 508, a first bevel gear 509, a fourth motor 510, a second bevel gear 511, a first nut seat 512, a dial indicator 5121, a second screw 513, a third bevel gear 514, a fifth motor 515, a fourth bevel gear 516, a second nut seat 517, a hydraulic cylinder 518 and a second grinding motor 519.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 8, in an embodiment of the present invention, a wood shaving device capable of improving the surface flatness of furniture wood comprises a processing table 1 and a feeding table 2, the processing table 1 and the feeding table 2 are arranged side by side along a horizontal direction, guide plates 103 are arranged on two longitudinal sides of a table top of the processing table 1, a receiving plate is horizontally arranged between the guide plates 103 on the two sides, a first conveying mechanism 104 and a second conveying mechanism 105 are arranged between the guide plates 103 on the two sides of the processing table 1, four vertical frames 101 are respectively vertically arranged on two sides of the processing table 1 at the outer sides of the guide plates 103, tops of the vertical frames 101 on the two sides of the processing table 1 are fixedly connected through a quadrilateral frame 102, a shaving frame 3 and a shaving finishing frame 5 are sequentially arranged in the processing table 1 along a moving direction of wood on the processing table 1, and polishing processing of the wood surface is realized through the shaving frame 3, the wood surface is polished by the shaving finishing frame 5.
The flower planing frame 3 comprises a first supporting plate 301, first limiting plates 304 are fixedly arranged in the middle positions of two ends of the first supporting plate 301, sliding plates 302 are vertically arranged on two sides, located on the first limiting plates 304, of the two ends of the first supporting plate 301 respectively, the first supporting plate 301 is connected to the space between every two adjacent vertical frames 101 in a clamping mode through the first limiting plates 304 on the two sides, guide plates 303 matched with the first sliding plates 302 are arranged on the inner side faces of the two adjacent vertical frames 101 respectively, the first supporting plate 301 is connected to the first guide plates 303 of the vertical frames 101 in a sliding mode through the first sliding plates 302 on the two ends, a first polishing mechanism 4 and a second polishing mechanism 401 are fixedly arranged on the surface of the first supporting plate 301, and the whole polishing operation on the surface of wood is achieved through the first polishing mechanism 4 and the second polishing mechanism.
The polishing mechanism I4 and the polishing mechanism II 401 have the same structure, the polishing mechanism I4 comprises a worm mounting frame 403, a worm wheel 404, a driving shaft 405, a worm 406, a motor III 407, a turntable 408, a partition plate I409, a circular notch 410, a polishing motor I411, a speed reducer 412 and a polishing disc 413, the surface of the supporting plate I301 is fixedly provided with the worm mounting frame 403, the worm 406 is arranged on the worm mounting frame 403, one end of the worm 406 penetrates through the worm mounting frame 403 and is fixedly connected with the output end of the motor III 407, the driving shaft 405 penetrates through the supporting plate I301, the tail end of the driving shaft 405 is fixedly connected with the surface center position of the turntable 408, the driving shaft 405 is fixedly provided with the worm wheel 404 at the position above the supporting plate I301, and the worm wheel 404 is meshed with the worm; the worm 406 drives the worm wheel 404 to rotate, so that the driving shaft 405 rotates.
The first partition plate 409 is located under the first support plate 301, the first partition plate 409 is fixedly arranged on the guide plates 103 on two sides of the machining table 1, a circular notch 410 for the turntable 408 to pass through is formed in the first partition plate 409, the turntable 408 is rotatably erected in the circular notch 410 of the first partition plate 409, a plurality of first polishing motors 411 are arranged in the disc surface of the turntable 408 at equal angles, four first polishing motors 411 are arranged, output shafts of the four first polishing motors 411 penetrate through the turntable 408 and are connected with a polishing disc 413, a first air cylinder 107 is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the quadrilateral frame 102 right above the first limit plate 304, a piston rod of the first air cylinder 107 penetrates through the quadrilateral frame 102 and is fixedly connected with the top surface of the first limit plate 304, and the first air cylinder 107 drives the piston rod to push the first limit plate 304 to move in the vertical direction, so that the position of the first support plate 301 in the vertical, the grinding disc 413 is pressed against the surface of the wood, and the grinding motor I411 on the rotary disc 408 drives the grinding disc 413 to grind the surface of the wood.
An oil basin 402 is arranged right below the turbine 404 on the surface of the first support plate 301, and the driving shaft 405 penetrates through the oil basin 402.
The transverse width of the four polishing disks 413 on the upper bottom surface of the rotating disk 408 is larger than the diameter of the rotating disk 408, so that the polishing dead angle of the wood surface is avoided.
The wood shaving fine trimming frame 5 comprises a second supporting plate 501, second limiting plates 504 are fixedly arranged at the middle positions of the two ends of the second supporting plate 501, two sliding plates 502 are vertically arranged on the two sides, located at the second limiting plates 504, of the two ends of the second supporting plate 501 respectively, the second supporting plate 501 is connected in the interval between the two adjacent vertical frames 101 in a clamping mode through the second limiting plates 504 on the two sides, two guide plates 503 matched with the second sliding plates 502 are arranged on the inner side faces of the two adjacent vertical frames 101 respectively, the second supporting plate 501 is connected in the guide plates 503 of the two vertical frames 101 in a sliding mode through the second sliding plates 502 on the two ends, and two partition plates 506 are arranged on the two sides of the bottom face of the second supporting plate.
The second separation plate 506 is positioned between the guide plates 103 on two sides of the machining table 1, four corners of the surface of the second separation plate 506 are respectively vertically provided with a side plate 507, a first screw 508 is arranged between the side plates 507 on two sides, one end of the first screw 508 is fixedly provided with a first bevel gear 509, a fourth motor 510 is fixedly arranged on the second separation plate 506, the output end of the fourth motor 510 is fixedly connected with a second bevel gear 511, the first bevel gear 509 is meshed with the second bevel gear 511, the first screw 508 is connected with a first nut seat 512 through threads, the bottom surface of the first nut seat 512 is provided with a sliding block, the bottom end of the sliding block penetrates through the second separation plate 506 and is fixedly connected with a dial indicator 5121, and a first air cylinder 107 drives a piston rod to push the second limit plate 504 to move in the vertical direction, so that the position of the second separation plate 506 driven by the, the pointer of the dial indicator 5121 on the bottom surface of the second partition plate 506 is in contact with the surface of the wood, the second bevel gear 511 is driven by the fourth motor 510 to be in meshing transmission with the first bevel gear 509, so that the first screw 508 drives the first nut seat 512 to move longitudinally on the second partition plate 506, and the detection of the surface flatness of the wood is realized.
A second screw 513 is arranged between the side plates 507 at the other two sides of the second separation plate 506, a third bevel gear 514 is fixedly arranged at one end of the second screw 513, a fifth motor 515 is fixedly arranged on the second separation plate 506, a fourth bevel gear 516 is fixedly connected to the output end of the fifth motor 515, the third bevel gear 514 is in meshed connection with the fourth bevel gear 516, a second nut seat 517 is connected to the second screw 513 through threads, a sliding block is arranged on the bottom surface of the second nut seat 517, the bottom end of the sliding block penetrates through the second separation plate 506 and is fixedly connected with a mounting plate of a hydraulic cylinder 518, a piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder 518 is fixedly connected with a mounting base of the second grinding motor 519, the second grinding motor 519 is arranged on the mounting base, when the dial indicator 5121 detects that the flatness of wood is deviated, the fourth bevel gear 516 is driven by the fifth motor 515 to be meshed with the third bevel gear 514, so that the second nut seat 517 is driven by, make two 519 of grinding motors move to the timber deviation position directly over, simultaneously, drive the mounting base that the piston rod promoted two 519 of grinding motors through pneumatic cylinder 518, adjust the height of two 519 of grinding motors, realize the fine modification wood shaving processing to timber to obtain the timber that the surface smoothness is high.
The top surface of the quadrilateral frame 102 right above the second limiting plate 504 is fixedly provided with a first air cylinder 107, and a piston rod of the first air cylinder 107 penetrates through the quadrilateral frame 102 and is fixedly connected with the top surface of the second limiting plate 504.
The structure of the first conveying mechanism 104 is completely consistent with that of the second conveying mechanism 105, the second conveying mechanism 105 comprises a strip-shaped block 1051, a moving block 1052, a first conveying roller 1053, a fixed block 1054, a second conveying roller 1055, a connecting block 1056, a push rod 1057, a first motor 1058 and a second motor 1059, guide plates 103 on two sides of the processing table 1 are provided with guide grooves 106 in the vertical direction, strip-shaped blocks 1051 are respectively vertically arranged on two sides of the bottom of the guide grooves 106, the fixed block 1054 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the strip-shaped block 1051 on two sides of the guide grooves 106, the second conveying roller 1055 is rotatably connected to the fixed block 1054 on two sides of the guide plates 103, one end of the second conveying roller 1055 is fixedly connected with the output end of the second motor 1059, the moving block 1052 is slidably connected to the middle upper portion of the strip-shaped blocks 1051 on two sides of the guide grooves 106, the first conveying roller 1053 is rotatably connected to the moving block 1052 on two, the top horizontal that lies in guide way 106 on the lateral surface of deflector 103 is provided with connecting block 1056, there is push rod 1057 through threaded connection on the connecting block 1056, the terminal of push rod 1057 offsets with the top surface of movable block 1052, through rotating push rod 1057, makes push rod 1057 drive movable block 1052 slide on bar piece 1051 to adjust the interval of the two 1055 of transfer roller to drive the two 1055 of transfer roller to rotate in opposite directions through the two 1055 of motor 1058 and the two 1059 drive roller 1053 of motor, realize conveying the timber of not unidimensional.
The highest point of the second conveying roller 1055 is flush with the plate surface of the bearing plate in the processing table 1.
Fixed two 201 cylinders that are provided with of mesa one end of material loading platform 2, the fixed slurcam 202 that is provided with on the piston rod terminal surface of two 201 cylinders, slurcam 202 slides and sets up on the mesa of material loading platform 2, and the peak of the mesa of material loading platform 2 and two 1055 conveying rollers is parallel and level in the horizontal direction, and timber is kept flat on the mesa of material loading platform 2, through two 201 drive slurcams 202 of cylinders, makes timber get into plane pergola 3 through first 1053 and two 1055 conveying rollers in two 105 conveying mechanism, avoids artifical propelling movement.
A working method of wood shaving equipment capable of improving the surface flatness of furniture wood comprises the following specific steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the pushing rod 1057 is rotated, so that the pushing rod 1057 drives the moving block 1052 to slide on the strip-shaped block 1051, the distance between the first conveying roller 1053 and the second conveying roller 1055 is adjusted, the first conveying roller 1053 and the second conveying roller 1055 are driven to rotate oppositely by the first motor 1058 and the second motor 1059, wood is flatly placed on the table top of the feeding table 2, the pushing plate 202 is driven by the second air cylinder 201, and the wood enters the flower shelf planing 3 through the first conveying roller 1053 and the second conveying roller 1055 in the second conveying mechanism 105;
step two: the piston rod is driven by the first air cylinder 107 to push the first limiting plate 304 to move in the vertical direction, so that the position of the first supporting plate 301 in the vertical direction is adjusted, the polishing disc 413 abuts against the surface of the wood, the worm 406 and the turbine 404 are driven by the third motor 407 to be in meshed transmission, the driving shaft 405 is driven to rotate, the driving shaft 405 drives the turntable 408 to rotate, and the polishing motor 411 on the turntable 408 drives the polishing disc 413 to polish the surface of the wood;
step three: the wood after polishing enters a shaving fine trimming frame 5 through a first conveying roller 1053 and a second conveying roller 1055 in a first conveying mechanism 104, a piston rod is driven by a first air cylinder 107 to push a second limiting plate 504 to move in the vertical direction, so that the position of a second supporting plate 501 driving a second separating plate 506 in the vertical direction is adjusted, a pointer of a dial indicator 5121 on the bottom surface of the second separating plate 506 is in contact with the surface of the wood, a fourth motor 510 drives a second bevel gear 511 to be in meshing transmission with a first bevel gear 509, and therefore the first screw 508 drives a first nut seat 512 to move longitudinally on the second separating plate 506, and the surface flatness of the wood is detected;
step four: when the dial indicator 5121 detects that the flatness of the wood has deviation, the bevel gear four 516 and the bevel gear three 514 are driven to be in meshing transmission through the motor five 515, so that the screw rod two 5113 drives the nut seat two 517 to move longitudinally on the partition plate two 506, the grinding motor two 519 moves right above the wood deviation position, meanwhile, the hydraulic cylinder 518 drives the piston rod to push the mounting base of the grinding motor two 519, the height of the grinding motor two 519 is adjusted, the fine shaving processing of the wood is realized, and the wood with high surface flatness is obtained.
The working principle is as follows: the distance between a first conveying roller 1053 and a second conveying roller 1055 is adjusted by rotating a push rod 1057, a first conveying roller 1053 and a second conveying roller 1055 are driven by a first motor 1058 and a second motor 1059 to rotate oppositely, wood is horizontally placed on the table top of a loading table 2, a push plate 202 is driven by a second air cylinder 201, the wood enters the flower shelf planing 3 through the first conveying roller 1053 and the second conveying roller 1055 in a second conveying mechanism 105, a piston rod is driven by a first air cylinder 107 to push a first limiting plate 304 to move in the vertical direction, so that the position of a first supporting plate 301 in the vertical direction is adjusted, a beating disc 413 abuts against the surface of the wood, a worm 406 is driven by a third motor 407 to be meshed with a turbine 404 for transmission, a driving shaft 405 is driven to rotate, the driving shaft 405 drives a turntable 408 to rotate, and a first polishing motor 411 on the turntable 408 drives the beating disc 413 to polish the surface of the wood, the wood after polishing enters a shaving fine trimming frame 5 through a first conveying roller 1053 and a second conveying roller 1055 in a first conveying mechanism 104, a piston rod is driven by a first air cylinder 107 to push a second limiting plate 504 to move in the vertical direction, so that the position of a second supporting plate 501 driving a second separating plate 506 in the vertical direction is adjusted, the pointer of a dial indicator 5121 on the bottom surface of the second separating plate 506 is contacted with the surface of the wood, a fourth motor 510 drives a second bevel gear 511 to be in meshing transmission with a first bevel gear 509, so that a first screw 508 drives a first nut seat 512 to move longitudinally on the second separating plate 506, the flatness of the surface of the wood is detected, when the flatness of the wood is detected by the dial indicator 5121 to be deviated, a fifth motor 515 drives a fourth bevel gear 516 to be in meshing transmission with a third bevel gear 514, so that a second screw 5113 drives a second nut seat 517 to move longitudinally on the second separating plate 506, and the second polishing motor 519 moves right above the deviation position of, meanwhile, the piston rod is driven by the hydraulic cylinder 518 to push the mounting base of the second polishing motor 519, the height of the second polishing motor 519 is adjusted, fine-trimming wood shaving processing of wood is achieved, and therefore the wood with high surface flatness is obtained.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes in the embodiments and/or modifications of the invention can be made, and equivalents and modifications of some features of the invention can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a can improve wood shaving equipment of furniture timber surface smoothness which characterized in that: the wood shaving and polishing combined machine comprises a processing table (1) and a feeding table (2), wherein the processing table (1) and the feeding table (2) are arranged side by side along the horizontal direction, guide plates (103) are arranged on two longitudinal sides of a table top of the processing table (1), a bearing plate is horizontally arranged between the guide plates (103) on two sides, a first conveying mechanism (104) and a second conveying mechanism (105) are arranged between the guide plates (103) on two sides of the processing table (1), four vertical frames (101) are respectively and vertically arranged on the outer sides of the guide plates (103) on two sides of the processing table (1), the tops of the vertical frames (101) on two sides of the processing table (1) are fixedly connected through a quadrilateral frame (102), and a shaving frame (3) and a shaving and polishing frame (5) are sequentially arranged in the processing table (1) along the advancing direction of wood on the processing table (1);
the flower planing frame (3) comprises a first support plate (301), a first limiting plate (304) is fixedly arranged in the middle of two ends of the first support plate (301), sliding plates (302) are respectively and vertically arranged on two sides, located on the first limiting plate (304), of the two ends of the first support plate (301), the first support plate (301) is clamped in the space between two adjacent vertical frames (101) through the first limiting plates (304) on the two sides, guide plates (303) matched with the first sliding plates (302) are respectively arranged on the inner side surfaces of the two adjacent vertical frames (101), the first support plate (301) is slidably connected in the guide plates (303) of the vertical frames (101) through the sliding plates (302) on the two ends, and a first polishing mechanism (4) and a second polishing mechanism (401) are fixedly arranged on the plate surface of the first support plate (301);
the polishing mechanism I (4) and the polishing mechanism II (401) are completely consistent in structure, the polishing mechanism I (4) comprises a worm mounting frame (403), a turbine (404), a driving shaft (405), a worm (406), a motor III (407), a turntable (408), a first partition plate (409), a circular notch (410), a polishing motor I (411), a speed reducer (412) and a polishing disc (413), the worm mounting frame (403) is fixedly arranged on the surface of the supporting plate I (301), the worm (406) is arranged on the worm mounting frame (403), one end of the worm (406) penetrates through the worm mounting frame (403) and is fixedly connected with the output end of the motor III (407), the driving shaft (405) penetrates through the supporting plate I (301), the tail end of the driving shaft (405) is fixedly connected with the surface center position of the turntable (408), the turbine (404) is fixedly arranged at the position, above the supporting plate I (301), of the driving shaft (405), the worm wheel (404) is in meshed connection with the worm (406);
the first partition plate (409) is positioned right below the first support plate (301), the first partition plate (409) is fixedly arranged on guide plates (103) on two sides of the machining table (1), a circular notch (410) for a turntable (408) to pass through is formed in the first partition plate (409), the turntable (408) is rotatably erected in the circular notch (410) of the first partition plate (409), a plurality of first polishing motors (411) are arranged on the surface of the turntable (408) at equal angles, four polishing motors are arranged on the first polishing motors (411), and output shafts of the four polishing motors (411) penetrate through the turntable (408) and are connected with a polishing disc (413);
the shaving fine trimming frame (5) comprises a second supporting plate (501), a second limiting plate (504) is fixedly arranged in the middle of each of two ends of the second supporting plate (501), sliding plates (502) are respectively and vertically arranged on two sides, located on the second limiting plate (504), of the two ends of the second supporting plate (501), the second supporting plate (501) is clamped in the interval between the two adjacent vertical frames (101) through the second limiting plates (504) on the two sides, guide plates (503) matched with the second sliding plates (502) are respectively arranged on the inner side faces of the two adjacent vertical frames (101), the second supporting plate (501) is slidably connected in the guide plates (503) of the vertical frames (101) through the sliding plates (502) on the two ends, and two partition plates (506) are arranged on two sides of the bottom face of the second supporting plate (501) through connecting columns (505);
the second separation plate (506) is located between the guide plates (103) on two sides of the machining table (1), four corners of the plate surface of the second separation plate (506) are respectively and vertically provided with side plates (507), a first screw (508) is arranged between the side plates (507) on two sides, one end of the first screw (508) is fixedly provided with a first bevel gear (509), the second separation plate (506) is fixedly provided with a fourth motor (510), the output end of the fourth motor (510) is fixedly connected with a second bevel gear (511), the first bevel gear (509) is meshed with the second bevel gear (511), the first screw (508) is connected with a first nut seat (512) through threads, the bottom surface of the first nut seat (512) is provided with a sliding block, and the bottom end of the sliding block penetrates through the second separation plate (506) and is fixedly connected with a dial indicator (5121);
a second screw (513) is arranged between the side plates (507) on the other two sides of the second partition plate (506), a third bevel gear (514) is fixedly arranged at one end of the second screw (513), a fifth motor (515) is fixedly arranged on the second partition plate (506), a fourth bevel gear (516) is fixedly connected to the output end of the fifth motor (515), the third bevel gear (514) is meshed with the fourth bevel gear (516) and is connected with the second screw (513), a second nut seat (517) is connected to the second screw (513) through threads, a sliding block is arranged on the bottom surface of the second nut seat (517), the bottom end of the sliding block penetrates through the second partition plate (506) and is fixedly connected with a mounting plate of a hydraulic cylinder (518), a piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder (518) is fixedly connected with a mounting base of a second polishing motor (519), and the second polishing motor;
the structure of the first conveying mechanism (104) is completely consistent with that of the second conveying mechanism (105), the second conveying mechanism (105) comprises a bar-shaped block (1051), a moving block (1052), a first conveying roller (1053), a fixed block (1054), a second conveying roller (1055), a connecting block (1056), a push rod (1057), a first motor (1058) and a second motor (1059), guide plates (103) on two sides of the processing table (1) are provided with guide grooves (106) in the vertical direction, two sides of the bottom of each guide groove (106) are respectively and vertically provided with the bar-shaped block (1051), the bottom of each bar-shaped block (1051) on two sides of each guide groove (106) is fixedly provided with the fixed block (1054), the fixed blocks (1054) on two sides of the guide plates (103) are rotatably connected with the second conveying roller (1055), one end of each conveying roller (1055) is fixedly connected with the output end of the second motor (1059), and the upper part of each bar-shaped block (1051) on two sides, a first conveying roller (1053) is rotatably connected to the moving block (1052) at two sides of the guide plate (103), and one end of the first conveying roller (1053) is fixedly connected with the output end of a first motor (1058);
a connecting block (1056) is horizontally arranged on the top of the guide groove (106) on the outer side surface of the guide plate (103), a push rod (1057) is connected to the connecting block (1056) through a thread, and the tail end of the push rod (1057) is abutted against the top surface of the moving block (1052);
the top surface of the quadrilateral frame (102) right above the first limiting plate (304) is fixedly provided with a first air cylinder (107), and a piston rod of the first air cylinder (107) penetrates through the quadrilateral frame (102) and is fixedly connected with the top surface of the first limiting plate (304).
2. The wood shaving equipment for improving the surface flatness of the wood of furniture according to claim 1, wherein an oil basin (402) is arranged on the surface of the first supporting plate (301) and is positioned right below the turbine (404), and the driving shaft (405) is arranged to penetrate through the oil basin (402).
3. A shaving apparatus for improving the surface flatness of the wood of furniture according to claim 1, characterised in that the four grinding discs (413) have a transverse width at the bottom of the rotary disc (408) which is larger than the diameter of the rotary disc (408).
4. The wood shaving equipment capable of improving the surface flatness of the furniture wood according to claim 1, wherein a first air cylinder (107) is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the quadrilateral frame (102) right above the second limiting plate (504), and a piston rod of the first air cylinder (107) penetrates through the quadrilateral frame (102) and is fixedly connected with the top surface of the second limiting plate (504).
5. The shaving equipment for improving the surface flatness of the wood of furniture according to claim 1, wherein the highest point of the second conveying roller (1055) is flush with the surface of the receiving plate inside the processing table (1).
6. The wood shaving equipment capable of improving the surface flatness of the furniture wood according to claim 1, wherein a second air cylinder (201) is fixedly arranged at one end of the table top of the feeding table (2), a pushing plate (202) is fixedly arranged on the end face of a piston rod of the second air cylinder (201), the pushing plate (202) is slidably arranged on the table top of the feeding table (2), and the table top of the feeding table (2) is level with the highest point of the second conveying roller (1055) in the horizontal direction.
7. The working method of the shaving equipment capable of improving the surface flatness of the wood of the furniture according to claim 6, characterized by comprising the following specific steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the wood shaving frame is characterized in that a pushing rod (1057) is rotated to enable the pushing rod (1057) to drive a moving block (1052) to slide on a strip-shaped block (1051), so that the distance between a first conveying roller (1053) and a second conveying roller (1055) is adjusted, the first conveying roller (1053) and the second conveying roller (1055) are driven to rotate in opposite directions through a first motor (1058) and a second motor (1059), wood is flatly placed on the table top of the feeding table (2), a pushing plate (202) is driven through a second air cylinder (201), and the wood enters the shaving frame (3) through the first conveying roller (1053) and the second conveying roller (1055) in the second conveying mechanism (105);
step two: the piston rod is driven by the cylinder I (107) to push the limiting plate I (304) to move in the vertical direction, so that the position of the supporting plate I (301) in the vertical direction is adjusted, the polishing disc (413) is abutted to the surface of wood, the worm (406) is driven by the motor III (407) to be in meshing transmission with the turbine (404), the driving shaft (405) is driven to rotate, the driving shaft (405) drives the turntable (408) to rotate, and the polishing disc (413) is driven by the polishing motor I (411) on the turntable (408) to polish the surface of the wood;
step three: the method comprises the steps that polished wood enters a shaving fine trimming frame (5) through a first conveying roller (1053) and a second conveying roller (1055) in a first conveying mechanism (104), a piston rod is driven by a first air cylinder (107) to push a second limiting plate (504) to move in the vertical direction, so that the second supporting plate (501) drives a second separating plate (506) to adjust the position in the vertical direction, a pointer of a dial indicator (5121) on the bottom surface of the second separating plate (506) is in contact with the surface of the wood, and a second bevel gear (511) and a first bevel gear (509) are driven to be in meshing transmission through a fourth motor (510), so that the first screw (508) drives a first nut seat (512) to move longitudinally on the second separating plate (506), and the surface evenness of the wood is detected;
step four: when the dial indicator (5121) detects that the flatness of the wood has deviation, the bevel gear four (516) and the bevel gear three (514) are driven to be in meshed transmission through the motor five (515), so that the screw rod two (5113) drives the nut seat two (517) to move longitudinally on the partition plate two (506), the grinding motor two (519) is made to move right above the wood deviation position, meanwhile, the piston rod is driven by the hydraulic cylinder (518) to push the mounting base of the grinding motor two (519), the height of the grinding motor two (519) is adjusted, fine trimming and shaving processing of the wood is achieved, and the wood with high surface flatness is obtained.
CN202010692494.XA 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Shaving equipment capable of improving surface flatness of furniture wood and working method thereof Active CN111618686B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112025851B (en) * 2020-09-25 2021-12-07 张家港盛港非金属材料科技有限公司 Efficient planing device and method applied to plates with uneven surfaces
CN114474246B (en) * 2022-01-24 2022-12-02 内蒙古农业大学职业技术学院 A deburring all-in-one of polishing for wood working

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CN106584257A (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-04-26 罗迎红 Plane polishing equipment
CN210046489U (en) * 2019-04-04 2020-02-11 高铭科维科技无锡有限公司 Automatic conveying line for wood-plastic bottom plates

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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EP1384552A1 (en) * 2002-07-26 2004-01-28 DuBois Equipment Company, Inc. Scuffing machine for finishing wood products
CN101362312A (en) * 2008-09-24 2009-02-11 广东科达机电股份有限公司 Glazing machine
CN202668274U (en) * 2012-04-16 2013-01-16 天津奇澳科技发展有限公司 Sander
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