CN111591002B - Novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate film-covering forming process - Google Patents

Novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate film-covering forming process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111591002B
CN111591002B CN202010500308.8A CN202010500308A CN111591002B CN 111591002 B CN111591002 B CN 111591002B CN 202010500308 A CN202010500308 A CN 202010500308A CN 111591002 B CN111591002 B CN 111591002B
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plate
aluminum
aluminum plate
leveling
finished
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CN111591002A (en
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吴国庆
江奎
何新荣
叶鹏飞
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Guangdong Chuanghui Xinluo Science And Technology Co ltd
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Guangdong Chuanghui Xinluo Science And Technology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/10Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by the pressing technique, e.g. using action of vacuum or fluid pressure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/0007Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding involving treatment or provisions in order to avoid deformation or air inclusion, e.g. to improve surface quality
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B38/00Ancillary operations in connection with laminating processes
    • B32B38/0004Cutting, tearing or severing, e.g. bursting; Cutter details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B38/00Ancillary operations in connection with laminating processes
    • B32B38/16Drying; Softening; Cleaning
    • B32B38/162Cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B41/00Arrangements for controlling or monitoring lamination processes; Safety arrangements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K3/00Apparatus or processes for manufacturing printed circuits
    • H05K3/02Apparatus or processes for manufacturing printed circuits in which the conductive material is applied to the surface of the insulating support and is thereafter removed from such areas of the surface which are not intended for current conducting or shielding
    • H05K3/022Processes for manufacturing precursors of printed circuits, i.e. copper-clad substrates
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B41/00Arrangements for controlling or monitoring lamination processes; Safety arrangements
    • B32B2041/04Detecting wrong registration, misalignment, deviation, failure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2457/00Electrical equipment
    • B32B2457/08PCBs, i.e. printed circuit boards

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Microelectronics & Electronic Packaging (AREA)
  • Quality & Reliability (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Fluid Mechanics (AREA)
  • Automatic Assembly (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate film-covering forming process, which comprises the following steps: step 1: conveying the aluminum substrate to a positioning device for positioning; step 2: conveying the positioned aluminum substrate to a dust removal device for dust removal; and step 3: conveying the dedusted aluminum substrate to an automatic film coating device for coating; and 4, step 4: conveying the coated aluminum substrate to an automatic leveling device for leveling; and 5: conveying the leveled aluminum substrate to an automatic cutting device for cutting to form a finished aluminum plate. According to the invention, the aluminum substrate is sequentially and automatically conveyed to the automatic film coating device, the automatic leveling device and the automatic cutting device, so that the film coating process, leveling and cutting are integrated into a complete full-automatic process. A positioning device is additionally arranged before film covering, so that deviation is avoided; and dust removal is carried out before film covering, so that direct film covering without dust removal is avoided, dust and sundries are easily adsorbed to the protective film due to electrostatic effect, and the aluminum surface is easily crushed and scrapped during punching and forming of the client side.

Description

Novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate film-covering forming process
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of aluminum-based copper-clad plate forming processes, in particular to a novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate film covering forming process.
Background
At present, aluminum-based copper-clad plates are formed on the market, and the lamination is three independent processes, so that the three processes cannot be well combined, the process comprises cutting and forming, then leveling and finally laminating, the cutting is regular, but the lamination cannot be fully automatic; in addition, the membrane cutting is firstly leveled and then manually repaired, so that the defects of time consumption and low efficiency are overcome.
After the aluminum-based copper-clad plate is pressed and cured on the market at present, copper sheets and heat-conducting glue are arranged on four sides of a metal substrate, during direct film covering, dust and sundries are easily adsorbed on a protective film due to electrostatic effect, the aluminum surface is easily crushed and scrapped when a client side punches the plate to be formed, on the other hand, the copper sheets containing glue on the plate edges are different in size, certain flexibility is realized, accurate positioning cannot be realized, the market process method cannot ensure that 100% of the aluminum surface is covered with the film temporarily, and liquid medicine is corroded when the client side is manufactured due to the fact that leakage exists, and scrapping. Based on this, the production process in the market is to cut and form the film (2 people) and then to manually or semi-automatically cover the film (8-10 people), and the efficiency is low (3-5 sheets/min). The invention provides a design process, realizes on-line film covering and automatic cutting, only needs 2 workers for manual work, and has high efficiency (6-8 pieces/min)
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate film-covering forming process, which is used for solving the problems that the existing copper plate film-covering forming process adopts: the manual cutting process, the manual leveling process and the manual film laminating process which are independent from each other, and the production efficiency is low.
A novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate film-covering forming process comprises the following steps:
step 1: conveying the aluminum substrate to a positioning device for positioning;
step 2: conveying the positioned aluminum substrate to a dust removal device for dust removal;
and step 3: conveying the dedusted aluminum substrate to an automatic film coating device for coating;
and 4, step 4: conveying the coated aluminum substrate to an automatic leveling device for leveling;
and 5: conveying the leveled aluminum substrate to an automatic cutting device for cutting to form a finished aluminum plate.
Preferably, the finished aluminum plate comprises: protection film, aluminum plate, the glued copper of area that from the bottom up set gradually.
Preferably, the aluminum substrate is a semi-finished product pressed with the glued copper, and the size of the four sides of the glued copper is 3-5mm larger than that of the single side of the aluminum plate.
Preferably, the automatic leveling device includes: a transverse flattening device and a longitudinal flattening device; the automatic cutting device includes: a transverse positioning cutting device and a longitudinal positioning cutting device;
the step 4 comprises the following steps: the transverse leveling device is used for transversely leveling, and then the first steering device is used for steering and then the steering and steering wheel is conveyed to the longitudinal leveling device for longitudinally leveling;
the step 5: the method comprises the following steps: after the aluminum substrate after longitudinal leveling is turned by the first turning device, the aluminum substrate is conveyed to the transverse positioning cutting device for transverse positioning cutting, and then conveyed to the longitudinal positioning cutting device for longitudinal positioning cutting.
Preferably, the dust removing device includes: the high-pressure blowing device and the dust removal component are sequentially arranged along the conveying direction of the aluminum substrate.
Preferably, the positioning device comprises:
a fixed seat;
the triangular columns are movably arranged on the fixed seat and symmetrically arranged on two sides of the aluminum substrate, and the tips of the triangular columns face the aluminum substrate;
the driving device is connected with the triangular cylinder and used for driving the tip of the triangular cylinder to be close to the aluminum substrate and positioning the aluminum substrate;
the sliding chute is arranged at the top end of the fixed seat;
the first sliding block is fixedly connected to the non-tip end of the bottom end of the triangular cylinder body, and the first sliding block is connected to the inside of the sliding groove in a sliding mode.
Preferably, still include dust removal component storage device, dust removal component storage device includes:
a storage box arranged on one side of a conveying line for conveying the aluminum substrate;
the containing box includes: the box body and the box cover are connected through a storage driving device, and the dust removal assembly is arranged on one side, close to the conveying line, of the lower end of the box cover; the storage drive device includes: two groups of accommodating driving components are symmetrically arranged on the left side wall and the right side wall in the box body;
the storage drive assembly on the left side includes:
the first fixing plate is fixedly connected to the left side wall in the box body;
the second fixing plate is fixedly connected to the left part of the lower end of the box cover;
the first rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the first fixing plate, extends along the left-right direction, is driven by a first driving motor, and is electrically connected with the controller;
the lower end of the first connecting rod is fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft, and the upper end of the first connecting rod is rotatably connected to the second fixing plate;
the second connecting rod is parallel to the first connecting rod and positioned on the front side of the first connecting rod, and the lower end of the second connecting rod is rotatably connected with the first fixing plate;
the first connecting block is rotatably connected to the first fixing plate and is positioned between the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod;
the second connecting block is rotatably connected to one side of the lower end of the second connecting rod;
one end of the first spring is fixedly connected with the first connecting block, and the other end of the first spring is fixedly connected with the second connecting block;
and guide rods are arranged on the first connecting block and the second connecting block in the first spring.
Preferably, the dust removing assembly includes:
the mechanical arm is connected to the lower end of the box cover;
the electric sucker is fixedly connected to the working end of the mechanical arm;
the electric sucker is used for adsorbing a non-dust-removing end of the dust-removing plate;
a new dust removing plate placing area and a dust removing plate containing area after dust removal are arranged in the box body;
the mechanical arm and the electric sucker are respectively and electrically connected with the controller.
Preferably, the automatic leveling device includes:
a mounting seat;
the fixed end of the lifting bracket is fixedly connected with the lower end of the mounting seat;
the upper end of the connecting shell is fixedly connected with the lifting end at the lower end of the lifting support;
the rotating rod is connected with the upper end and the lower end of the connecting shell;
the first gear is fixedly sleeved on the part of the rotating rod in the connecting shell;
the second driving motor is installed in the connecting shell, an output shaft of the second driving motor is vertically arranged upwards, a second gear is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the second driving motor, and the second gear is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the second driving motor
The wheel is in meshing transmission with the first gear;
the upper end of the screw rod is fixedly connected with the lower end of the rotating rod;
the second sliding block is internally provided with a threaded through hole, and the threaded through hole is in threaded sleeve joint with the screw rod;
the two buffer assemblies are arranged on the left side and the right side of the second sliding block;
the buffer assembly includes: the upper end of the third connecting rod is fixedly connected with the second sliding block; the horizontal plate is fixedly connected to the lower end of the third connecting rod; the pressing plate is arranged below the horizontal plate; a plurality of second springs arranged between the horizontal plate and the pressing plate, wherein one end of each second spring is fixedly connected with the horizontal plate, and the second springs
The other end of the two springs is fixedly connected with the pressure plate;
the fourth connecting rod is fixedly connected to the lower end of the screw rod;
the first leveling plate and the second leveling plate are arranged at the lower end of the fourth connecting rod, and the connecting surfaces of the first leveling plate and the second leveling plate are provided with clamping blocks and clamping grooves which are matched with each other;
the two connecting assemblies are arranged on the left side and the right side of the fourth connecting rod and are respectively connected with the first leveling plate and the second leveling plate;
the connecting assembly includes: the horizontal section of the first L-shaped fixing plate is fixedly connected to the upper end of the first leveling plate, the vertical section of the first L-shaped fixing plate is attached to the side face of the fourth connecting rod, and the vertical section of the first L-shaped fixing plate is connected with the side wall of the screw rod through a first connecting piece; the fixing block is fixedly connected to the left side wall or the right side wall of the screw rod, and a horizontal through hole is formed in one side, far away from the screw rod, of the fixing block; the third spring is fixedly connected in the horizontal through hole; the vertical section of second L shape fixed plate with first screed or second screed fixed connection, the horizontal segment card of second L shape fixed plate is gone into in the horizontal through-hole, the horizontal segment and the fixed block of second L shape fixed plate pass through the second connecting piece and are connected.
Preferably, the method further comprises the following steps: the detection device is used for detecting the finished aluminum plate;
the detection device includes:
the overturning device is used for overturning the finished aluminum plate so as to facilitate information acquisition of the finished aluminum plate;
the camera device is used for acquiring a finished aluminum plate image, and the finished aluminum plate image comprises film surface image information and non-film surface image information of the finished aluminum plate;
the finished aluminum plate alarm image database stores finished aluminum plate alarm images, and the finished aluminum plate alarm images comprise finished aluminum plate fragmentation alarm images and finished aluminum plate defect alarm images;
an image processing system;
the classification device is used for classifying the detected product aluminum plates into: reporting waste products, primary repair products, secondary repair products and qualified products;
the controller is electrically connected with the overturning device, the camera device, the classifying device and the memory, and is also connected with the image processing system;
the controller controls the classifying device to work based on the overturning device, the camera device, the memory and the image processing system, and comprises the following steps:
step 1: the controller extracts a finished aluminum plate alarm image from a finished aluminum plate alarm image database of the memory;
step 2: the controller controls the camera device and the turnover device to work, and obtains and transmits an image of the finished aluminum plate to the image processing system;
the image processing system compares the similarity between the finished aluminum plate image and the finished aluminum plate alarm image, and when the similarity between the finished aluminum plate image and the finished aluminum plate alarm image is greater than a preset value, the controller controls the classification device to classify the finished aluminum plate into a scrap;
and step 3: the image processing system also extracts the classification characteristics of the finished product aluminum plate image, obtains the distance from the peripheral side of the film covering to the peripheral side of the aluminum plate and transmits the distance to the controller; the types of the classification features include: scratching characteristics of the membrane surface, scratching characteristics of the non-membrane surface, wrinkling characteristics of the membrane surface, edge upwarping characteristics of the membrane surface and abnormal bulge characteristics of the membrane surface;
and 4, step 4: calculating a first classification score according to a formula (1) based on the distance from the periphery of the film to the periphery of the aluminum plate in the step (3);
Figure GDA0002848615240000061
wherein, P1Scoring a first classification, i denotes the ith side of the finished aluminum panel, max AiRepresents the maximum distance from all detection points in the ith side surface of the finished aluminum plate to the corresponding side surface of the aluminum plate, min AiThe minimum distance from all detection points in the ith side surface of the finished aluminum plate to the corresponding side surface of the aluminum plate is shown,
Figure GDA0002848615240000062
to represent
Figure GDA0002848615240000063
The average distance between all detection points in the ith side surface of the finished aluminum plate and the corresponding side surface of the aluminum plate is calculated, C is the thickness of the protective film, B is the thickness of the aluminum plate, and N is the number of the side surfaces of the finished aluminum plate;
and 5: based on steps 3 and 4, calculating a comprehensive classification score according to a formula (2):
Figure GDA0002848615240000064
wherein, P2Scoring the composite classification, η1Is a first predetermined weight, η2For the second preset weight, M is the total number of types of classification features of the finished aluminum plate, BjFor a preset risk rating of the class j classification feature, DjTaking the number of classification features of the jth class, wherein ln is the logarithm of a base number of a constant e, and e is a natural constant, taking e as 2.71828, S is the total number of the surfaces of the finished aluminum plate, and d isfImportance rating of f surface, KfThe number of classification features for the f-th surface;
step 6: the controller is preset with a first classification grade reference value, a second classification grade reference value and a third classification grade reference value which are sequentially increased; when the comprehensive classification score is smaller than a first classification score reference value, the controller controls the classification device to classify the finished aluminum plate into a qualified product; when the comprehensive classification score is between the first classification score reference value and the second classification score reference value, the controller controls the classification device to classify the finished aluminum plate into a first-class repair product; when the comprehensive classification score is between the second classification score reference value and the third classification score reference value, the controller controls the classification device to classify the finished aluminum plate into a secondary repair product.
The technical solution of the present invention is further described in detail by the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the finished aluminum plate of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a finished aluminum substrate according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the positioning device of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the dust removing assembly receiving device of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a partial schematic view of the second fixing plate of fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a partial schematic view of the first fixing plate of fig. 5.
Figure 8 is a schematic structural view of an embodiment of the automatic leveling device of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a positioning device; 11. a fixed seat; 111. a chute; 12. a triangular prism; 13. a drive device; 14. a first slider; 2. a high pressure blowing device; 3. a dust removal assembly; 4. an automatic leveling device; 41. a transverse leveling device; 42. a longitudinal leveling device; 5. an automatic cutting device; 51. a transverse positioning cutting device; 52. longitudinally positioning a cutting device; 6. a first steering device; 7. a second steering device; 8. a finished product of aluminum plate; 81. an aluminum substrate; 811. an aluminum plate; 812. copper with glue; 82. a protective film; 9. an automatic film laminating device; 10. a dust removal assembly storage device; 101. a storage box; 1011. a box body; 1012. a box cover; 102. a storage drive assembly; 1021. a first fixing plate; 1022. a second fixing plate; 1023. a first rotating shaft; 1024. a first link; 1025. a second link; 1026. a first connection block; 1027. a second connecting block; 1028. a first spring; 1029. a guide bar; 20. an automatic leveling device; 201. a mounting seat; 202. a lifting support; 203. connecting the shell; 204. rotating the rod; 2041. a first gear; 205. a second drive motor; 2051. a second gear; 206. a screw; 207. a second slider; 208. a buffer assembly; 2081. a third link; 2082. a second spring; 2083. a horizontal plate; 2084. pressing a plate; 2085. a fourth link; 209. a connecting assembly; 2091. a first L-shaped fixing plate; 20911. a vertical section of a first L-shaped fixation plate; 20912. a horizontal section of the first L-shaped fixing plate; 2092. a first connecting member; 2093. a fixed block; 20931. a horizontal through hole; 2094. a third spring; 2095. a second L-shaped fixing plate; 20951. a vertical section of a second L-shaped fixation plate; 20952. a horizontal section of a second L-shaped fixing plate; 2010. a first screed plate; 2011. a second screed plate.
Detailed Description
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and it will be understood that they are described herein for the purpose of illustration and explanation and not limitation.
In addition, the descriptions related to the first, the second, etc. in the present invention are only used for description purposes, do not particularly refer to an order or sequence, and do not limit the present invention, but only distinguish components or operations described in the same technical terms, and are not understood to indicate or imply relative importance or implicitly indicate the number of indicated technical features. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In addition, technical solutions and technical features between various embodiments can be combined with each other, but must be realized by a person skilled in the art, and when the technical solutions are contradictory or cannot be realized, the combination of the technical solutions should be considered to be absent and not be within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
The embodiment of the invention provides a novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate film-covering forming process, which comprises the following steps of:
step 1: the aluminum substrate 81 is conveyed to the positioning device 1 for positioning;
step 2: conveying the positioned aluminum substrate 81 to a dust removal device for dust removal;
and step 3: conveying the dedusted aluminum substrate 81 to an automatic film coating device 9 for film coating;
and 4, step 4: conveying the coated aluminum substrate 81 to an automatic leveling device 4 for leveling;
and 5: the leveled aluminum substrate 81 is conveyed to an automatic cutting device 5 for cutting to form a finished aluminum plate 8.
As shown in fig. 2, the finished aluminum sheet 8 includes: a protective film 82, an aluminum plate 811 and a copper with glue 812 arranged from bottom to top in sequence;
as shown in fig. 3, the aluminum substrate 81 is a semi-finished product laminated with the glued copper 812, and the size of four sides of the glued copper 812 is 3-5mm larger than that of one side of the aluminum plate 811 (for example, the size of the aluminum plate 811 is 1010 × 1210mm, the size of the glued copper 812 is 1016 × 1216mm, and the size of the finished aluminum plate 8 is 1000mm × 1200 mm). Before lamination, the size of copper foil glue (namely the glue-carrying copper 812) is controlled to be slightly larger than that of an aluminum plate, so that the positioning precision of subsequent laminating is ensured.
According to the matching of the film covering positioning and the protective film (including size matching), film covering is carried out (when the film covering is finished after dust removal, the width (breadth) of the protective film is between the width of an aluminum plate and the width of a copper foil adhesive, incomplete film covering or abnormal knife sticking is avoided, on the basis of the size, the breadth of the protective film is 1013mm or 1213mm, a knife sticking clamping plate is prevented from being cut due to film leakage, and meanwhile, the film covering and aluminum leakage are also avoided.
Preferably, a conveying line (such as a conveying roller) is arranged to convey the aluminum substrate among the positioning device, the dust removing device, the automatic film covering device, the automatic leveling device and the automatic cutting device, and the positioning device, the dust removing device, the automatic film covering device, the automatic leveling device and the automatic cutting device are sequentially arranged along the conveying direction of the conveying line.
Preferably, the dust removing device includes: the high-pressure air blowing device 2 and the dust removing component 3 are sequentially arranged along the conveying direction of the aluminum substrate 81 (the dust removing component can be adsorbed by a dust adhering roller); before the aluminum substrate is conveyed to the automatic film covering device, sundry dust is blown off by high-pressure air and is adsorbed by a dust adhering roller, so that the sundry dust is thoroughly removed;
preferably, as shown in fig. 1, the positioning device is a specially made triangular prism, which directly pierces through the copper with glue (the copper with glue is thin in thickness and easy to be realized) during positioning, reaches the edge of the aluminum plate for positioning (the aluminum plate is relatively thick, and the triangular prism cannot be pierced), and utilizes the physical characteristics of the copper with glue and the aluminum plate to realize accurate positioning; thereby be convenient for follow-up assurance aluminium face abundant tectorial membrane (100% tectorial membrane) (the aforesaid is fixed a position to the glued membrane of taking of aluminum plate below, does not influence the tectorial membrane to the aluminum plate top, and realizes aluminum plate edge location to guarantee abundant tectorial membrane).
The comparative table of the present invention with the prior art is as follows:
process on the market The process of the invention
Process sequence Three independent process flows A process
Cutting process Manually operated Full-automatic
Leveling process Manually operated Full-automatic
Film coating process Manually operated Full-automatic
Film coating effect Cannot ensure 100% film covering Ensure 100 percent of film covering
Production efficiency 3 to 5 sheets/min 6 to 8 sheets/min
Artificial condition 10 to 12 persons 2 persons
The working principle and the beneficial effects of the technical scheme are as follows:
according to the technical scheme, the aluminum substrate is automatically conveyed to the automatic film coating device, the automatic leveling device and the automatic cutting device in sequence, so that a complete full-automatic process including film coating, leveling and cutting is realized; compared with the existing manual cutting process, manual leveling process and manual film covering process which are independent from each other, and the production efficiency is low (10-12 workers, and the production efficiency is 6-8 sheets/min), the manual cutting process and the manual film covering process have the advantages that the manual requirements are reduced (only 2 workers are needed), and the efficiency is high (6-8 sheets/min).
A positioning device is additionally arranged before film covering, and the aluminum substrate is pressed by a roller wheel to be transmitted forwards after being positioned, so that deviation is avoided; and a dust removal device is arranged before film covering to remove dust, so that direct film covering without dust removal is avoided, dust and sundries are easily adsorbed on the protective film due to electrostatic effect, and the aluminum surface is easily crushed and scrapped during punching and forming of the client side.
In the case of the example 2, the following examples are given,
as shown in fig. 1, on the basis of the embodiment 1:
the automatic levelling means 4 comprises: a transverse flattening device 41 and a longitudinal flattening device 42; the automatic cutting device 5 includes: a transverse positioning and cutting device 51 and a longitudinal positioning and cutting device 52;
the step 4 comprises the following steps: the transverse leveling is carried out by a transverse leveling device 41, and then the transverse leveling is transferred to a longitudinal leveling device 42 for longitudinal leveling after being turned by a first turning device 6; preferably, the first steering device and the second steering device are steering rollers;
the step 5: the method comprises the following steps: after the aluminum substrate 81 after longitudinal leveling is turned by the first turning device 6, the aluminum substrate is conveyed to the transverse positioning and cutting device 51 for transverse positioning and cutting, and then conveyed to the longitudinal positioning and cutting device 52 for longitudinal positioning and cutting.
The working principle and the beneficial effects of the technical scheme are as follows: according to the technical scheme, the leveling effect is ensured through transverse leveling and longitudinal leveling; reliable cutting is ensured by transverse positioning cutting and longitudinal positioning cutting.
In the case of the example 3, the following examples are given,
on the basis of embodiment 1 or 2, as shown in fig. 4, the positioning apparatus 1 includes:
a fixed seat 11;
the triangular columns 12 are movably mounted on the fixed seat, the triangular columns 12 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the aluminum substrate 81, and the tips of the triangular columns 12 face the aluminum substrate 81;
the driving device 13 is connected with the triangular cylinder 12 and used for driving the tip end of the triangular cylinder 12 to be close to the aluminum substrate and positioning the aluminum substrate; preferably, the driving device is an electric cylinder (or an electric hydraulic or pneumatic cylinder) or an electric telescopic rod, and is used for driving the triangular prism to linearly move;
the sliding chute 111 is arranged at the top end of the fixed seat 11;
and the sliding block 14 is fixedly connected to the non-tip end of the bottom end of the triangular cylinder 12, and the sliding block 14 is slidably connected in the sliding groove 111.
Preferably, the lower end of the fixed seat is mounted on a conveying line and is conveyed to a subsequent dust removal device, an automatic film coating device, an automatic leveling device and an automatic cutting device along the conveying line;
the working principle and the beneficial effects of the technical scheme are as follows: when the aluminum base plate is installed, firstly, the aluminum base plate is placed between the triangular cylinders at two sides, the driving devices at two sides of the aluminum base plate drive the tips of the triangular cylinders 12 at two sides of the aluminum base plate to be close to the aluminum base plate, and two sides of the aluminum base plate are positioned, so that the copper with glue is punctured, and the edge of the aluminum plate is positioned; compared with the manual driving of the triangular cylinder, the driving device is more labor-saving and is convenient for ensuring accurate movement; and the sliding groove and the sliding block are arranged to guide the movement of the triangular cylinder, so that the triangular cylinder can reliably move to position the aluminum substrate.
Example 4
On the basis of any one of embodiments 1 to 3, as shown in fig. 5 to 7, the dust removing assembly housing device 10 is further included, and the dust removing assembly housing device 10 includes:
a storage box 101 disposed on one side of a conveying line (a conveying line for conveying the positioned and high-pressure dedusted aluminum substrates to a dedusting assembly, which may be a conveying roller or a conveying belt) for conveying the aluminum substrates 81;
the storage box 101 includes: the dust removing device comprises a box body 1011 and a box cover 1012, wherein the box body 1011 and the box cover 1012 are connected through a receiving driving device 13, and the dust removing assembly 3 is arranged on one side of the lower end of the box cover 1012 close to a conveying line; the housing drive device 13 includes: two groups of accommodating driving components 102 are symmetrically arranged on the left side wall and the right side wall in the box body 1011; wherein, the left and right side walls are only opposite side walls, and can also be upper and lower side walls;
the storage drive assembly 102 on the left side includes:
a first fixing plate 1021 fixedly connected to the inner left side wall of the box 1011;
a second fixing plate 1022 fixedly coupled to a left portion of a lower end of the case cover 1012;
a first rotating shaft 1023 rotatably connected to the first fixing plate 1021, the first rotating shaft 1023 extending in the left-right direction, the first rotating shaft 1023 being driven by a first driving motor;
a first link 1024 having a lower end fixedly coupled to the first rotating shaft 1023 and an upper end rotatably coupled to the second fixing plate 1022; (see fig. 5 for the outside of the second fixing plate)
A second link 1025, parallel to the first link 1024 and located at the front side of the first link 1024, wherein the lower end of the second link 1025 is rotatably connected to the first fixing plate 1021 (see fig. 5 for a hinge shaft disposed at the front and back);
a first connecting block 1026 rotatably connected to the first fixing plate 1021 and located between the first link 1024 and the second link 1025;
the second connecting block 1027 is rotatably connected to one side of the lower end of the second connecting rod 1025;
one end of the first spring 1028 is fixedly connected to the first connecting block 1026, and the other end thereof is fixedly connected to the second connecting block 1027;
the guide rods 102 are arranged on the first connecting block 1026 and the second connecting block 1027 in the first spring 1028;
and the controller is electrically connected with the first driving motor.
Preferably, the dust removing assembly includes:
the mechanical arm is connected to the lower end of the box cover;
the electric sucker is fixedly connected to the working end of the mechanical arm;
the electric sucker is used for adsorbing a non-dust-removing end of the dust-removing plate;
a new dust removing plate placing area and a dust removing plate containing area after dust removal are arranged in the box body;
the mechanical arm and the electric sucker are respectively and electrically connected with the controller.
The working principle and the beneficial effects of the technical scheme are as follows: FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the case cover opened;
when the dust removal assembly needs to be stored, the controller controls the first driving motor to rotate in the forward direction, the first driving motor rotates to drive the first connecting rod to rotate towards the lower left direction, so that the second fixing plate and the box cover also rotate towards the lower left direction, and the second connecting rod connected with the second fixing plate also rotates towards the lower left direction until the box cover covers the top end of the box body;
when the box cover needs to be opened, the controller drives the second driving motor to rotate reversely, the first driving motor rotates to drive the first connecting rod to rotate towards the upper right, so that the second fixing plate and the box cover also rotate towards the upper right, and the second connecting rod connected with the second fixing plate also rotates towards the upper right until the box cover is positioned at the position shown in fig. 5;
the technical scheme can be used for containing the dust removal component when the dust removal component is not used, so that dust falling caused by long-time exposure of the dust removal component is avoided;
the mechanical arm can be used for driving the dust removing plate to place a new dust removing plate placing area and a dust removing plate (namely, the dust removing plate needing to be replaced) containing area after dust removal; and then, the controller controls the mechanical arm to be positioned in the new dust removing plate placing area, controls the electric sucker to adsorb the new dust removing plate, and controls the box cover to be opened and the mechanical arm to use the new dust removing plate to perform dust removing operation after the dust removing plate is replaced. Above-mentioned technical scheme is convenient for realize automatic change dust removal board and accomodate the dust removal board, can save the time that the manual work was changed and is removed dust, improves production efficiency.
Example 5
On the basis of any one of embodiments 1 to 4, as shown in fig. 8, the automatic leveling device 4 includes:
the mounting seat 201 is used for being mounted at the corresponding position of the aluminum substrate conveying line;
the lifting support 202 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the mounting seat 201;
a connecting shell 203, the upper end of which is fixedly connected with the lifting end at the lower end of the lifting bracket 202;
a rotating rod 204 connected with the upper and lower ends of the connecting housing 203;
a first gear 2041 fixedly secured to a portion of the rotating rod 204 located inside the connecting housing 203;
the second driving motor 205 is installed in the connecting housing 203, an output shaft of the second driving motor 205 is arranged vertically upward, a second gear 2051 is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the second driving motor 205, and the second gear 2051 is in meshing transmission with the first gear 2041;
a screw 206, the upper end of which is fixedly connected with the lower end of the rotating rod 204;
a second sliding block 207, in which a threaded through hole is arranged, and the threaded through hole is sleeved on the screw rod 206 in a threaded manner;
two buffer assemblies 208 arranged on the left and right sides of the second sliding block 207;
the buffer assembly 208 includes: the upper end of the third connecting rod 2081 is fixedly connected with the second sliding block 207; a horizontal plate 2083 fixedly connected to the lower end of the third connecting rod 2081; a pressure plate 2084 disposed below the horizontal plate 2083; the plurality of second springs 2082 are arranged between the horizontal plate 2083 and the pressing plate 2084, one end of each second spring 2082 is fixedly connected with the horizontal plate 2083, and the other end of each second spring 2082 is fixedly connected with the pressing plate 2084;
a fourth connecting rod 2085 fixedly connected to the lower end of the screw 206;
the first leveling plate 2010 and the second leveling plate 2011 are both arranged at the lower end of the fourth connecting rod 2085, and the connecting surfaces of the first leveling plate 2010 and the second leveling plate 2011 are provided with clamping blocks and clamping grooves which are matched with each other; as shown in fig. 8, the first screed and the second screed are butted left and right, and the butting faces are arranged on the right side of the first screed and the left side of the second screed;
two connecting assemblies 209, which are disposed on the left and right sides of the fourth connecting rod 2085, and are respectively connected to the first leveling plate 2010 and the second leveling plate 2011;
the connection assembly 209 includes: the horizontal section 20912 of the first L-shaped fixing plate is fixedly connected to the upper end of the first leveling plate 2010, the vertical section 20911 of the first L-shaped fixing plate is attached to the side surface of the fourth connecting rod 2085, and the vertical section 20911 of the first L-shaped fixing plate is connected to the side wall of the screw 206 by a first connecting piece 2092 (such as a bolt); the fixing block 2093 is fixedly connected to the left side wall or the right side wall of the screw rod 206, and a horizontal through hole 20931 is formed in one side, far away from the screw rod 206, of the fixing block 2093; the third spring 2094 is fixedly connected in the horizontal through hole 20931; the vertical section 20951 of the second L-shaped fixing plate is fixedly connected to the first leveling plate 2010 or the second leveling plate 2011, the horizontal section 20952 of the second L-shaped fixing plate is snapped into the horizontal through hole 20931, and the horizontal section 20952 of the second L-shaped fixing plate is connected to the fixing block 2093 by a second connecting member.
This embodiment is for transverse or longitudinal levelling;
the working principle and the beneficial effects of the technical scheme are as follows: the lifting support is used for enabling the first leveling plate and the second leveling plate to descend and level the film covering surface of the aluminum substrate;
when the controller controls the lifting support to drive the first leveling plate and the second leveling plate to descend to a preset height away from the film covering surface of the aluminum substrate, the controller controls the second driving motor to rotate, the second driving motor rotates to drive the rotating rod to rotate, the screw fixedly connected with the rotating rod rotates, the sliding block connected to the screw slides downwards to drive the buffering assembly to move downwards, and the pressing plate at the lower end of the buffering assembly is located below the first leveling plate and the second leveling plate; in the descending process of the first leveling plate, the second leveling plate and the buffering assembly, the buffering assembly firstly contacts the film covering surface of the aluminum substrate (such as the edge of the film covering surface, preferably, a pressure sensor can be arranged on the inner side of the lower end of the pressing plate, the pressure of the pressure sensor is controlled within a preset range, the aluminum substrate is prevented from being damaged due to too low descending), the first leveling plate and the second leveling plate contact the film covering surface of the aluminum substrate after the first leveling plate and the second leveling plate continuously descend, and the buffering device is arranged for buffering to prevent devices for detecting the descending distance of the lifting support from being abnormal, so that the lifting support descends too low and the aluminum substrate is; the rotation of the screw can drive the first leveling plate and the second leveling plate to rotate under the action of the fourth connecting rod, so that the horizontal steering of the first leveling plate is realized, and different requirements on the leveling direction are met;
the connecting assembly can be used for connecting the first leveling plate and the second leveling plate with different sizes and shapes, so that different use requirements can be met, and the connecting assembly is convenient to connect and disassemble; when the first leveling plate and the second leveling plate are connected, firstly, the fixture blocks and the clamping grooves of the butt joint surfaces of the first leveling plate and the second leveling plate are correspondingly matched, then the first L-shaped fixing plate and the second L-shaped fixing plate are correspondingly connected respectively, the horizontal section 20952 of the second L-shaped fixing plate is clamped into the horizontal through hole 20931, the third spring is compressed and can be used for connecting the horizontal sections of the second L-shaped fixing plates with different lengths, the first connecting piece is also used for limiting the left and right connection of the corresponding first leveling plate and the second leveling plate, and the second connecting piece is used for limiting the up and down connection of the corresponding first leveling plate, the second leveling plate and the fixing block (fourth connecting rod); the structure ensures reliable connection.
Example 6
On the basis of any one of embodiments 1 to 5,
further comprising: the detection device is used for detecting the finished aluminum plate;
the detection device includes:
the overturning device is used for overturning the finished aluminum plate so as to facilitate information acquisition of the finished aluminum plate;
the camera device is used for acquiring a finished aluminum plate image, and the finished aluminum plate image comprises film surface image information and non-film surface image information of the finished aluminum plate;
the finished aluminum plate alarm image database stores finished aluminum plate alarm images, and the finished aluminum plate alarm images comprise finished aluminum plate fragmentation alarm images and finished aluminum plate defect alarm images;
an image processing system;
the classification device is used for classifying the detected product aluminum plates into: reporting waste products, primary repair products, secondary repair products and qualified products;
the controller is electrically connected with the overturning device, the camera device, the classifying device and the memory, and is also connected with the image processing system;
the controller controls the classifying device to work based on the overturning device, the camera device, the memory and the image processing system, and comprises the following steps:
step 1: the controller extracts a finished aluminum plate alarm image from a finished aluminum plate alarm image database of the memory;
step 2: the controller controls the camera device and the turnover device to work, and obtains and transmits an image of the finished aluminum plate to the image processing system;
the image processing system compares the similarity between the finished aluminum plate image and the finished aluminum plate alarm image, and when the similarity between the finished aluminum plate image and the finished aluminum plate alarm image is greater than a preset value, the controller controls the classification device to classify the finished aluminum plate into a scrap;
and step 3: the image processing system also extracts the classification characteristics of the finished product aluminum plate image, obtains the distance from the peripheral side of the film covering to the peripheral side of the aluminum plate and transmits the distance to the controller; the types of the classification features include: scratching characteristics of the membrane surface, scratching characteristics of the non-membrane surface, wrinkling characteristics of the membrane surface, edge upwarping characteristics of the membrane surface and abnormal bulge characteristics of the membrane surface;
and 4, step 4: calculating a first classification score according to a formula (1) based on the distance from the periphery of the film to the periphery of the aluminum plate in the step (3);
Figure GDA0002848615240000171
wherein, P1Scoring a first classification, i denotes the ith side of the finished aluminum panel, max AiRepresents the maximum distance from all detection points in the ith side surface of the finished aluminum plate to the corresponding side surface of the aluminum plate, min AiThe minimum distance from all detection points in the ith side surface of the finished aluminum plate to the corresponding side surface of the aluminum plate is shown,
Figure GDA0002848615240000172
to represent
Figure GDA0002848615240000173
The average distance between all detection points in the ith side surface of the finished aluminum plate and the corresponding side surface of the aluminum plate is calculated, C is the thickness of the protective film, B is the thickness of the aluminum plate, and N is the number of the side surfaces of the finished aluminum plate;
and 5: based on steps 3 and 4, calculating a comprehensive classification score according to a formula (2):
Figure GDA0002848615240000174
wherein, P2Scoring the composite classification, η1Is a first predetermined weight, η2For the second preset weight, M is the total number of types of classification features of the finished aluminum plate, BjFor a preset risk rating of the class j classification feature, DjTaking the number of classification features of the jth class, wherein ln is the logarithm of a base number of a constant e, and e is a natural constant, taking e as 2.71828, S is the total number of the surfaces of the finished aluminum plate, and d isfImportance rating of f surface, KfThe number of classification features for the f-th surface;
step 6: the controller is preset with a first classification grade reference value, a second classification grade reference value and a third classification grade reference value which are sequentially increased; when the comprehensive classification score is smaller than a first classification score reference value, the controller controls the classification device to classify the finished aluminum plate into a qualified product; when the comprehensive classification score is between the first classification score reference value and the second classification score reference value, the controller controls the classification device to classify the finished aluminum plate into a first-class repair product; when the comprehensive classification score is between the second classification score reference value and the third classification score reference value, the controller controls the classification device to classify the finished aluminum plate into a secondary repair product.
The beneficial effects of the above technical scheme are: above-mentioned technical scheme detects finished product aluminum plate to based on turning device, memory, camera device, image processing system, sorter, classify into to the product aluminum plate after detecting: reporting waste products, primary repair products, secondary repair products and qualified products so as to be conveniently treated by different measures correspondingly in the follow-up process; and comprehensively considering classification characteristics of finished product aluminum plate images and the distance between the periphery of the obtained film covering side and the periphery of the aluminum plate when classification and classification evaluation are adopted, wherein the types of the classification characteristics comprise: the classification score is obtained by considering the importance level of the surface of the finished aluminum plate and the risk level of the classification characteristic, so that the classification score is more reliable.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, if such modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention and their equivalents, the present invention is also intended to include such modifications and variations.

Claims (9)

1. A novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate laminating forming process is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step 1: the aluminum substrate (81) is conveyed to the positioning device (1) for positioning;
step 2: conveying the positioned aluminum substrate (81) to a dust removal device for dust removal;
and step 3: conveying the dedusted aluminum substrate (81) to an automatic film coating device (9) for coating;
and 4, step 4: conveying the coated aluminum substrate (81) to an automatic leveling device (4) for leveling;
and 5: conveying the leveled aluminum substrate (81) to an automatic cutting device (5) for cutting to form a finished aluminum plate (8);
said automatic levelling device (4) comprising:
a mounting seat (201);
the fixed end of the lifting bracket (202) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the mounting seat (201);
the upper end of the connecting shell (203) is fixedly connected with the lifting end at the lower end of the lifting bracket (202);
a rotating rod (204) connected with the upper end and the lower end of the connecting shell (203);
a first gear (2041) fixedly sleeved on a part of the rotating rod (204) positioned in the connecting shell (203);
the second driving motor (205) is installed in the connecting shell (203), an output shaft of the second driving motor (205) is arranged vertically upwards, a second gear (2051) is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the second driving motor (205), and the second gear (2051) is in meshing transmission with the first gear (2041);
the upper end of the screw rod (206) is fixedly connected with the lower end of the rotating rod (204);
the second sliding block (207) is internally provided with a threaded through hole, and the threaded through hole is sleeved on the screw rod (206) in a threaded manner;
two buffer assemblies (208) arranged on the left side and the right side of the second sliding block (207);
the buffer assembly (208) comprises: the upper end of the third connecting rod (2081) is fixedly connected with the second sliding block (207); the horizontal plate (2083) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the third connecting rod (2081); a pressure plate (2084) disposed below the horizontal plate (2083); the second springs (2082) are arranged between the horizontal plate (2083) and the pressing plate (2084), one ends of the second springs (2082) are fixedly connected with the horizontal plate (2083), and the other ends of the second springs (2082) are fixedly connected with the pressing plate (2084);
the fourth connecting rod (2085) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the screw rod (206);
the first leveling plate (2010) and the second leveling plate (2011) are arranged at the lower end of the fourth connecting rod (2085), and the connecting surfaces of the first leveling plate (2010) and the second leveling plate (2011) are provided with clamping blocks and clamping grooves which are matched with each other;
the two connecting assemblies (209) are arranged on the left side and the right side of the fourth connecting rod (2085) and are respectively connected with the first leveling plate (2010) and the second leveling plate (2011);
the connection assembly (209) comprises: the horizontal section (20912) of the first L-shaped fixing plate is fixedly connected to the upper end of the first leveling plate (2010), the vertical section (20911) of the first L-shaped fixing plate is attached to the side face of the fourth connecting rod (2085), and the vertical section (20911) of the first L-shaped fixing plate is connected with the side wall of the screw rod (206) through a first connecting piece (2092); the fixing block (2093) is fixedly connected to the left side wall or the right side wall of the screw rod (206), and a horizontal through hole (20931) is formed in one side, far away from the screw rod (206), of the fixing block (2093); a third spring (2094) fixedly connected within the horizontal through hole (20931); the vertical section (20951) of the second L-shaped fixing plate is fixedly connected with the first leveling plate (2010) or the second leveling plate (2011), the horizontal section (20952) of the second L-shaped fixing plate is clamped into the horizontal through hole (20931), and the horizontal section (20952) of the second L-shaped fixing plate is connected with the fixing block (2093) through a second connecting piece.
2. The novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate film-coating forming process according to claim 1, wherein the finished aluminum plate (8) comprises: protective film (82), aluminum plate (811), copper (812) with glue that from the bottom up set gradually.
3. The novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate laminating molding process according to claim 1, wherein the aluminum substrate (81) is a semi-finished product laminated with the adhesive copper (812), and the size of four sides of the adhesive copper (812) is 3-5mm larger than that of a single side of the aluminum plate (811).
4. The novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate laminating molding process according to claim 1, wherein the automatic leveling device (4) comprises: a transverse flattening device (41) and a longitudinal flattening device (42); the automatic cutting device (5) comprises: a transverse positioning cutting device (51) and a longitudinal positioning cutting device (52);
the step 4 comprises the following steps: the transverse leveling is carried out through a transverse leveling device (41), then the transverse leveling is turned through a first turning device (6), and then the transverse leveling is conveyed to a longitudinal leveling device (42) for longitudinal leveling;
the step 5: the method comprises the following steps: after the aluminum substrate (81) which is longitudinally leveled is turned by the first turning device (6), the aluminum substrate is conveyed to the transverse positioning and cutting device (51) for transverse positioning and cutting, and then conveyed to the longitudinal positioning and cutting device (52) for longitudinal positioning and cutting.
5. The novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate film-coating forming process according to claim 1, wherein the dust removing device comprises: a high-pressure blowing device (2) and a dust removal component (3) which are arranged in sequence along the conveying direction of the aluminum substrate (81).
6. The novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate film-coating forming process according to claim 1, wherein the positioning device (1) comprises:
a fixed seat (11);
the triangular cylinders (12) are movably arranged on the fixed seat (11), the triangular cylinders (12) are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the aluminum substrate (81), and the tips of the triangular cylinders (12) face the aluminum substrate (81);
the driving device (13) is connected with the triangular cylinder (12) and is used for driving the tip end of the triangular cylinder (12) to be close to the aluminum substrate (81) and positioning the aluminum substrate (81);
the sliding chute (111) is arranged at the top end of the fixed seat (11);
the first sliding block (14) is fixedly connected to the non-tip end of the bottom end of the triangular cylinder (12), and the first sliding block (14) is connected in the sliding groove (111) in a sliding mode.
7. The novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate laminating forming process according to claim 1, further comprising a dust removal assembly accommodating device (10), wherein the dust removal assembly accommodating device (10) comprises:
a storage box (101) arranged on one side of a conveying line for conveying the aluminum substrate (81);
the storage box (101) comprises: the dust removal device comprises a box body (1011) and a box cover (1012), wherein the box body (1011) and the box cover (1012) are connected through a storage driving device (13), and the dust removal assembly (3) is arranged on one side, close to a conveying line, of the lower end of the box cover (1012); the storage drive device (13) comprises: two groups of storage driving components (102) are symmetrically arranged on the left side wall and the right side wall in the box body (1011);
the storage drive assembly (102) on the left side includes:
a first fixing plate (1021) fixedly connected to the inner left side wall of the box body (1011);
a second fixing plate (1022) fixedly connected to the left part of the lower end of the box cover (1012);
the first rotating shaft (1023) is rotatably connected with the first fixing plate (1021), the first rotating shaft (1023) extends in the left-right direction, the first rotating shaft (1023) is driven by a first driving motor, and the first driving motor is electrically connected with a controller;
a first connecting rod (1024) with a lower end fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft (1023) and an upper end rotatably connected to the second fixing plate (1022);
the second connecting rod (1025) is parallel to the first connecting rod (1024) and is positioned on the front side of the first connecting rod (1024), and the lower end of the second connecting rod (1025) is rotatably connected with the first fixing plate (1021);
a first connecting block (1026) rotatably connected to the first fixing plate (1021) and located between the first link (1024) and the second link (1025);
the second connecting block (1027) is rotatably connected to one side of the lower end of the second connecting rod (1025);
one end of the first spring (1028) is fixedly connected with the first connecting block (1026), and the other end of the first spring is fixedly connected with the second connecting block (1027);
and guide rods (1029) are arranged on the first connecting block (1026) and the second connecting block (1027) in the first spring (1028).
8. The novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate laminating forming process according to claim 7, wherein the dust removing component (3) comprises:
the mechanical arm is connected to the lower end of the box cover (1012);
the electric sucker is fixedly connected to the working end of the mechanical arm;
the electric sucker is used for adsorbing a non-dust-removing end of the dust-removing plate;
a new dust removing plate placing area and a dust removing plate containing area after dust removal are arranged in the box body (1011);
the mechanical arm and the electric sucker are respectively and electrically connected with the controller.
9. The novel aluminum-based copper-clad plate film-coating forming process according to claim 1, further comprising: the detection device is used for detecting the finished aluminum plate;
the detection device includes:
the overturning device is used for overturning the finished aluminum plate so as to facilitate information acquisition of the finished aluminum plate;
the camera device is used for acquiring a finished aluminum plate image, and the finished aluminum plate image comprises film surface image information and non-film surface image information of the finished aluminum plate;
the finished aluminum plate alarm image database stores finished aluminum plate alarm images, and the finished aluminum plate alarm images comprise finished aluminum plate fragmentation alarm images and finished aluminum plate defect alarm images;
an image processing system;
the classification device is used for classifying the detected product aluminum plates into: reporting waste products, primary repair products, secondary repair products and qualified products;
the controller is electrically connected with the overturning device, the camera device, the classifying device and the memory, and is also connected with the image processing system;
the controller controls the classifying device to work based on the overturning device, the camera device, the memory and the image processing system, and comprises the following steps:
step 1: the controller extracts a finished aluminum plate alarm image from a finished aluminum plate alarm image database of the memory;
step 2: the controller controls the camera device and the turnover device to work, and obtains and transmits an image of the finished aluminum plate to the image processing system;
the image processing system compares the similarity between the finished aluminum plate image and the finished aluminum plate alarm image, and when the similarity between the finished aluminum plate image and the finished aluminum plate alarm image is greater than a preset value, the controller controls the classification device to classify the finished aluminum plate into a scrap;
and step 3: the image processing system also extracts the classification characteristics of the finished product aluminum plate image, obtains the distance from the peripheral side of the film covering to the peripheral side of the aluminum plate and transmits the distance to the controller; the types of the classification features include: scratching characteristics of the membrane surface, scratching characteristics of the non-membrane surface, wrinkling characteristics of the membrane surface, edge upwarping characteristics of the membrane surface and abnormal bulge characteristics of the membrane surface;
and 4, step 4: calculating a first classification score according to a formula (1) based on the distance from the periphery of the film to the periphery of the aluminum plate in the step (3);
Figure FDA0002848615230000061
wherein, P1Scoring the first classification, i denotes the ith side of the finished aluminum panel, maxAiRepresents the maximum distance, minA, of all detection points in the ith side surface of the finished aluminum plate from the corresponding side surface of the aluminum plateiThe minimum distance from all detection points in the ith side surface of the finished aluminum plate to the corresponding side surface of the aluminum plate is shown,
Figure FDA0002848615230000062
to represent
Figure FDA0002848615230000063
The average distance between all detection points in the ith side surface of the finished aluminum plate and the corresponding side surface of the aluminum plate is calculated, C is the thickness of the protective film, B is the thickness of the aluminum plate, and N is the number of the side surfaces of the finished aluminum plate;
and 5: based on steps 3 and 4, calculating a comprehensive classification score according to a formula (2):
Figure FDA0002848615230000064
wherein, P2Scoring the composite classification, η1Is a first predetermined weight, η2Is the second preset weight, and is the second preset weight,Mthe total number of types of classification features for the finished aluminum sheet, BjFor a preset risk rating of the class j classification feature, DjTaking the number of classification features of the jth class, wherein ln is the logarithm of a base number of a constant e, and e is a natural constant, taking e as 2.71828, S is the total number of the surfaces of the finished aluminum plate, and d isfImportance rating of f surface, KfThe number of classification features for the f-th surface;
step 6: the controller is preset with a first classification grade reference value, a second classification grade reference value and a third classification grade reference value which are sequentially increased; when the comprehensive classification score is smaller than a first classification score reference value, the controller controls the classification device to classify the finished aluminum plate into a qualified product; when the comprehensive classification score is between the first classification score reference value and the second classification score reference value, the controller controls the classification device to classify the finished aluminum plate into a first-class repair product; when the comprehensive classification score is between the second classification score reference value and the third classification score reference value, the controller controls the classification device to classify the finished aluminum plate into a secondary repair product.
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