CN111558428A - Self-stabilizing energy-saving gear roller crushing trolley - Google Patents

Self-stabilizing energy-saving gear roller crushing trolley Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111558428A
CN111558428A CN202010429756.3A CN202010429756A CN111558428A CN 111558428 A CN111558428 A CN 111558428A CN 202010429756 A CN202010429756 A CN 202010429756A CN 111558428 A CN111558428 A CN 111558428A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
roller
cooling water
bearing frame
fixed
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Pending
Application number
CN202010429756.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周甲伟
胡正伟
郜坦
马仕陆
龙茂泽
覃可钊
齐琦
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North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power
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North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power
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Application filed by North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power filed Critical North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power
Priority to CN202010429756.3A priority Critical patent/CN111558428A/en
Publication of CN111558428A publication Critical patent/CN111558428A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/44Cooling or heating rollers or bars
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/04Safety devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/30Shape or construction of rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools
    • B08B1/10Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/12Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools
    • B08B1/20Cleaning of moving articles, e.g. of moving webs or of objects on a conveyor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21BMANUFACTURE OF IRON OR STEEL
    • C21B3/00General features in the manufacture of pig-iron
    • C21B3/04Recovery of by-products, e.g. slag
    • C21B3/06Treatment of liquid slag
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21BMANUFACTURE OF IRON OR STEEL
    • C21B3/00General features in the manufacture of pig-iron
    • C21B3/04Recovery of by-products, e.g. slag
    • C21B3/06Treatment of liquid slag
    • C21B3/08Cooling slag
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21BMANUFACTURE OF IRON OR STEEL
    • C21B2400/00Treatment of slags originating from iron or steel processes
    • C21B2400/02Physical or chemical treatment of slags
    • C21B2400/022Methods of cooling or quenching molten slag
    • C21B2400/024Methods of cooling or quenching molten slag with the direct use of steam or liquid coolants, e.g. water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21BMANUFACTURE OF IRON OR STEEL
    • C21B2400/00Treatment of slags originating from iron or steel processes
    • C21B2400/05Apparatus features
    • C21B2400/052Apparatus features including rotating parts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Materials Engineering (AREA)
  • Metallurgy (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Crushing And Grinding (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a self-stabilizing energy-saving toothed roller crushing trolley, which comprises a bearing frame supported by a single-side double-track, a crushing toothed roller horizontally arranged on the bearing frame, a power device for driving the crushing toothed roller to rotate and a cooling water pipeline for cooling the crushing toothed roller, wherein the front end and the rear end of the bearing frame are respectively provided with an anti-collision sweeper for detecting the position of the crushing trolley and ensuring the cleanness of a track, in order to ensure that the crushing trolley travels without being influenced by steel slag splashing and steel slag high-temperature factors in the crushing process, slag blocking heat insulation plates are arranged at two ends of the crushing toothed roller, in order to prevent the crushing toothed roller from tilting the bearing frame and derailing a traveling roller in the crushing process, a pressing wheel set is arranged on a base, a central rotating shaft and a supporting roller body are both in a splicing welding type, the manufacturing cost is reduced, the central rotating shaft and the supporting roller body are both in a hollow structure, circulating cooling water is, and the cooling water inlet and the cooling water outlet are arranged on the same side, so that the installation, the use and the maintenance are convenient.

Description

Self-stabilizing energy-saving gear roller crushing trolley
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of steel slag crushing equipment, in particular to a self-stabilizing energy-saving tooth roller crushing trolley.
Background
The steel production process of China is a large steel production country, the steel yield is over eight hundred million tons every year, the steel production accounts for more than half of the global steel yield, steel slag is inevitably generated in the steel production process, the steel slag contains iron metal resources, calcium silicate and other inorganic material resources, the resource recycling value is important, iron ore resources in China depend on import for a long time, and various resources are very short, so that the treatment and resource recycling of the steel slag have great resource recycling values, the steel slag needs to be crushed and separated no matter the iron metal resources in the steel slag or other inorganic material resources are recycled, the separation of various materials is realized by adopting a magnetic separation mode and the like, and the resource recycling is respectively carried out, and therefore, the pretreatment process of the steel slag, namely the crushing process of the steel slag, is a key link for the treatment of the steel slag. In the prior art, a steel slag rolling and crushing process is usually adopted, namely, steel slag is poured into a semi-closed steel slag crushing pool, and a rail-type moving steel slag rolling crusher is adopted for crushing treatment, so that the crusher is easy to eject the steel slag out of the steel slag pool in the crushing process, which is dangerous and endangers the life safety of workers, and the normal and safe operation of the crusher is influenced if the steel slag falls into a rail, most importantly, because the temperature of the waste heat of the steel slag is very high, the crusher and a crushing tooth roller thereof are very easy to be heated to generate high temperature when in use, and cannot be continuously used for a long time, the crushing efficiency of the steel slag is extremely low, the production continuity is influenced, and; therefore, the technical personnel in the field need to solve the problems of the slag crusher in the prior art.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a self-stabilizing energy-saving toothed roller crushing trolley.
The specific contents are as follows: the utility model provides a broken platform truck of energy-conserving fluted roller of self stabilization, includes the broken fluted roller of bearing frame, the broken fluted roller of horizontal installation on bearing frame, the broken fluted roller pivoted power device of drive and the cooling water pipeline that is used for broken fluted roller cooling by unilateral double track support, characterized by:
the bearing frame horizontally stretches over the steel slag pool, each side of the steel slag pool is provided with a double-track parallel to the steel slag pool, two ends of the bearing frame are respectively supported on the tracks on the corresponding sides through the walking rollers and freely slide along the tracks, and the bearing frame is fixedly provided with a driving motor for driving the walking rollers to rotate;
the crushing tooth roller comprises a central rotating shaft and a cylindrical supporting roller body which are coaxially fixed, the central rotating shaft and the supporting roller body are of a splicing welding structure, the supporting roller body is coaxially fixed on the outer circumferential surface of the central rotating shaft in a sealing manner, a plurality of inner supporting plates which are parallel to each other are arranged inside the supporting roller body, the inner supporting plates are circular, the outer circumferential surface of each inner supporting plate is fixed on the inner circumferential surface of the supporting roller body in a sealing manner, the inner circumferential surface of each inner supporting plate is fixed on the outer circumferential surface of the central rotating shaft in a sealing manner, water through holes are formed in each inner supporting plate, a plurality of crushing teeth which are symmetrically arranged in a staggered manner are distributed on the outer circumferential surface of the supporting roller body in a conical manner, the central rotating shaft comprises a left shaft and a right shaft which are coaxial, the left shaft and the right shaft respectively extend out of two ends of the support, the right shaft is cylindrical, a water inlet pipe is coaxially, a water return space with a closed inner end and an open outer end is formed between the water inlet pipe and the right shaft, a communicated water return hole is formed between the water return space and the inside of the supporting roller body, a blind hole communicated with the water inlet pipe is formed in the center of the inside of the left shaft, a communicated water inlet hole is formed between the blind hole and the inside of the supporting roller body, and the water inlet hole and the water return hole are respectively positioned at two ends of the supporting roller body; the crushing tooth rollers are respectively arranged on bearing seats through a left shaft and a right shaft, the bearing seats are fixed on a bearing frame, and the crushing tooth rollers provided with crushing teeth rotate in the steel slag pool;
the power device comprises a reduction gearbox and a crushing motor, the reduction gearbox and the crushing motor are both fixed at the same end of the bearing frame, an output shaft of the crushing motor is coaxially fixed with an input shaft of the reduction gearbox, and an output shaft of the reduction gearbox is coaxially fixed with a left shaft of the central rotating shaft;
the cooling water pipeline including stretching into the spray header in slag bath top space, the cooling water of intercommunication bearing frame and broken fluted roller advances pipe and cooling water exit tube, the epaxial inlet tube in broken fluted roller right side advances the pipe switch-on with the cooling water, the outer end and the cooling water exit tube switch-on in the epaxial return water space in broken fluted roller right side, make the cooling water advance the inside back rethread cooling water exit tube that the pipe got into broken fluted roller through the cooling water and discharge, the cooling water advances the inside space intercommunication of the bearing frame of pipe and central pivot both ends respectively, the cooling water exit tube is respectively through the inside space intercommunication of the bearing frame at pipeline and central pivot both ends, make the cooling water advance the inside space back rethread cooling water exit tube that the pipe got into the bearing frame through the cooling water and discharge.
Preferably, the bearing frame comprises bases with I-shaped structures at two ends and an arched cross beam connected with the two bases, the arched cross beam comprises two bases which are respectively fixed at the front end and the rear end of each base, and bearing seats at two ends of the crushing tooth roller are respectively fixed on the bases at the corresponding ends.
Preferably, both ends of each base are fixed with anti-collision cleaners corresponding to the rails.
Preferably, the anticollision sweeper including fix the mounting panel on the base, fix bumper and the brush cleaner on the mounting panel outside, the brush cleaner adopt the steel wire to make, the brush cleaner passes through the clamp plate of bolt fastening and presss from both sides tightly the lower extreme at the mounting panel, the brush cleaner stretches out the lower extreme of mounting panel and stretches into on the track.
Preferably, a pinch roller set for preventing the running roller from derailing is fixed on the base, and the pinch roller set is supported on a top plate horizontally fixed on the side surface of the track.
Preferably, both ends of the crushing toothed roller are fixed with side-standing slag-stopping heat-insulating plates, the slag-stopping heat-insulating plates are positioned between the two arched beams, the lower ends of the slag-stopping heat-insulating plates downwards extend to exceed the upper edge of the steel slag pool, and the supporting roller body is positioned between the two slag-stopping heat-insulating plates.
Preferably, the crushing teeth are fixed on the outer circumferential surface of the supporting roller body through tooth holders, and the inner ends of the crushing teeth are sleeved on the tooth holders and fixed through bolts.
The invention has the beneficial technical effects that: the invention relates to a self-stabilizing energy-saving gear roller crushing trolley which comprises a bearing frame supported by a single-side double track and crushing gear rollers with staggered and symmetrically arranged crushing teeth, so that the stable operation process of the crushing trolley is ensured, the inclined derailment is avoided, the support is more uniform, the integral structure is more stable, and the safety is higher; the front end and the rear end of the bearing frame are respectively provided with an anti-collision sweeper, the position of the crushing trolley is detected, and the cleanness of the track is ensured; two ends of the crushing tooth roller are provided with slag blocking heat insulation plates, so that steel slag is prevented from being forced to splash to the base in the crushing and spreading process, and moving parts of the crushing trolley are prevented from being influenced by the steel slag splashing and steel slag high-temperature factors in the working process; the bases at the two ends of the bearing frame are respectively provided with a pressure wheel set, so that the crushing trolley is prevented from tilting and even derailing in the crushing process; the supporting roller body and the central rotating shaft in the crushing tooth roller are both in a splicing welding mode, so that the manufacturing cost is reduced, the supporting roller body and the central rotating shaft are both in a hollow structure, circulating cooling water circulates inside the supporting roller body and the central rotating shaft, the crushing tooth roller is prevented from being heated at high temperature, and the cooling water inlet and the cooling water outlet are both arranged on the same side, so that the installation is facilitated; the circumference surface of the crushing tooth roller is provided with detachable conical crushing teeth which are arranged in a staggered symmetrical mode, so that the energy consumption of crushing steel slag is reduced, the number of teeth participating in crushing each time is 2 or 3, and the stress balance of each rolling position on the circumference surface of the supporting roller body is ensured; the crushing tooth adopts detachable construction's conical tooth group, and the wearing and tearing of the broken tooth top of this structure are more even, are favorable to prolonging broken tooth life. Therefore, the invention has stable structure, safe and stable use and can continuously work for a long time in a high-temperature environment.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a subjective structure of a self-stabilizing energy-saving toothed roll crushing trolley;
FIG. 2 is a top view of a self-stabilizing energy-saving toothed roll crushing trolley;
FIG. 3 is a left side view of a self-stabilizing energy-saving toothed roll crushing trolley (not including a power plant);
FIG. 4 is a front sectional view of the crushing tooth roller;
FIG. 5 is a planar development view of crushing teeth arranged and distributed on the circumferential surface of the supporting roller body;
FIG. 6 is a front view of a breaker tooth;
FIG. 7 is a front view of the anti-crash sweeper;
FIG. 8 is a left side view of FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 7;
in the figure: 11. the steel slag crushing device comprises a base, a rail, a 13 steel slag pool, a 14 steel slag in the steel slag pool, a 15 top plate, a 16 pressing wheel set, a 17 traveling roller, a 18 reduction box, a 19 bearing seat, a 20 arched beam, a 21 slag blocking heat insulation plate, a 22 crushing tooth roller, a 221 left shaft of a central rotating shaft, 2211 water inlet holes, 2212 blind holes, 222 right shaft of the central rotating shaft, 2221 water return holes, 223 water inlet pipes, 224 water return spaces, 225 supporting roller bodies, 226 inner supporting plates, 2261 water through holes, 23 crushing teeth, 231 tooth seats, 232 crushing teeth and a bolt connected between the tooth seats, 24 cooling water inlet pipes, 25 cooling water outlet pipes, 26 spraying water pipes, 27 crushing motors, 28 collision cleaners, 281 mounting plates, 282 collision cleaners, 283 pressing plates, 284 cleaning brushes, 285 bolts for fixing the pressing plates and 29 driving motors.
Detailed Description
In the first embodiment, referring to fig. 1-9, a self-stabilizing energy-saving toothed roller crushing trolley comprises a bearing frame supported by a single-side double rail, a crushing toothed roller horizontally mounted on the bearing frame, a power device for driving the crushing toothed roller to rotate, and a cooling water pipeline for cooling the crushing toothed roller;
the bearing frame horizontally stretches over the steel slag pool, each side of the steel slag pool is provided with a double-track parallel to the steel slag pool, two ends of the bearing frame are respectively supported on the tracks on the corresponding sides through the walking rollers and freely slide along the tracks, and the bearing frame is fixedly provided with a driving motor for driving the walking rollers to rotate;
the crushing tooth roller comprises a central rotating shaft and a cylindrical supporting roller body which are coaxially fixed, the central rotating shaft and the supporting roller body are in a splicing welding structural form, the supporting roller body is coaxially and hermetically fixed on the outer circumferential surface of the central rotating shaft, a plurality of inner supporting plates which are parallel to each other are arranged inside the supporting roller body, the inner supporting plates are in a circular ring shape, the outer circumferential surface of each inner supporting plate is hermetically fixed on the inner circumferential surface of the supporting roller body, the inner circumferential surface of each inner supporting plate is hermetically fixed on the outer circumferential surface of the central rotating shaft, water through holes are formed in each inner supporting plate, a plurality of crushing teeth which are arranged in a staggered symmetrical mode are fully distributed on the outer circumferential surface of the supporting roller body, the crushing teeth are in a conical shape, the tooth tops of the crushing teeth of the structure are more uniformly worn, the service life of the crushing teeth is prolonged, the crushing teeth are arranged in a staggered symmetrical mode, and the number of teeth participating, the steel slag rolling device has the advantages that steel slag is guaranteed to be gathered towards the middle, stress balance of all rolling positions on the circumferential surface of the supporting roller body is guaranteed, the central rotating shaft comprises a left shaft and a right shaft which are coaxial, the left shaft and the right shaft respectively extend out of two ends of the supporting roller body, the right shaft is cylindrical, a water inlet pipe is coaxially fixed inside the right shaft, a water return space with a closed inner end and an opened outer end is formed between the water inlet pipe and the right shaft, a communicated water return hole is formed between the water return space and the inside of the supporting roller body, a blind hole communicated with the water inlet pipe is formed in the center of the inside of the left shaft, a communicated water inlet hole is formed between the blind hole and the inside of the supporting roller body, and the water inlet hole; the crushing tooth rollers are respectively arranged on bearing seats through a left shaft and a right shaft, the bearing seats are fixed on a bearing frame, and the crushing tooth rollers provided with crushing teeth rotate in the steel slag pool; the inside of broken fluted roller is equipped with hollow cooling water circulation route for cool down broken fluted roller, all be in same one side through the water inlet, the delivery port of broken fluted roller, be convenient for install.
The power device comprises a reduction gearbox and a crushing motor, the reduction gearbox and the crushing motor are both fixed at the same end of the bearing frame, an output shaft of the crushing motor is coaxially fixed with an input shaft of the reduction gearbox, and an output shaft of the reduction gearbox is coaxially fixed with a left shaft of the central rotating shaft;
the cooling water pipeline comprises a spray water pipe extending into the space above the steel slag pool, a cooling water inlet pipe and a cooling water outlet pipe, wherein the cooling water inlet pipe and the cooling water outlet pipe are communicated with a bearing seat and a crushing tooth roller, cooling water is sprayed through the spray water pipe to cool steel slag, the water inlet pipe on the right shaft of the crushing tooth roller is communicated with the cooling water inlet pipe, the outer end of the water return space on the right shaft of the crushing tooth roller is communicated with the cooling water outlet pipe, cooling water enters the inside of the crushing tooth roller through the cooling water inlet pipe and then is discharged through the cooling water outlet pipe, the cooling water inlet pipe is communicated with the inner spaces of the bearing seats at two ends of the central rotating shaft through the pipeline, and the cooling water outlet pipe is discharged through the cooling water outlet pipe after entering the inner spaces of the bearing seats through the cooling water inlet pipe. Cooling water circulates in the crushing tooth roller and the bearing seat, so that the crushing tooth roller is prevented from being overhigh in temperature and influencing the normal work of the crushing tooth roller;
the bearing frame comprises bases with I-shaped structures at two ends and an arched cross beam connected with the two bases, the arched cross beam comprises two bases which are respectively fixed at the front end and the rear end of the bases, and bearing seats at two ends of the crushing tooth roller are respectively fixed on the bases at the corresponding ends. The design of the arched cross beam reduces the dead weight of the crushing trolley and avoids the stress concentration of the connecting cross beam.
And anti-collision cleaners corresponding to the rails are fixed at two ends of each base.
The anticollision sweeper including fix the mounting panel on the base, fix anticollision ware and the brush cleaner on the mounting panel outside, the brush cleaner adopt the steel wire to make, the brush cleaner passes through the clamp plate of bolt fastening and presss from both sides tightly the lower extreme at the mounting panel, the brush cleaner stretches out the lower extreme of mounting panel and stretches into on the track. The bumper is used for detecting the position of the crushing trolley, cleaning the brush and ensuring the cleanness of the track.
The base is fixed with a pinch roller set for preventing the running roller from derailing, and the pinch roller set is supported on a top plate horizontally fixed on the side surface of the track. The tilting or derailing of the crushing trolley in the crushing process is prevented, and the safety of the steel slag crushing process is ensured.
The two ends of the crushing toothed roller are fixed with side-standing slag-stopping heat-insulating plates, the slag-stopping heat-insulating plates are positioned between the two arched beams, the lower ends of the slag-stopping heat-insulating plates downwards extend into the upper edge of the steel slag pool, and the supporting roller body is positioned between the two slag-stopping heat-insulating plates. The slag-stopping heat-insulating plate prevents steel slag from splashing, has a certain heat-insulating effect, reduces potential safety hazards and avoids transmission failure caused by overheating.
The crushing teeth are fixed on the outer circumferential surface of the supporting roller body through the tooth holders, and the inner ends of the crushing teeth are sleeved on the tooth holders and fixed through bolts. Is convenient for maintenance and replacement.
The working process of the invention is as follows:
the driving motor drives the walking rollers to enable the whole crushing trolley to move on the track, and the travelling position of the crushing trolley is detected through the anti-collision cleaners at the two ends of the bearing frame, so that the track is ensured to be clean; the crushing motor drives the crushing toothed roller to rotate through the reduction gearbox, the crushing toothed roller drives the crushing teeth arranged on the circumferential surface of the crushing toothed roller to continuously work in the steel slag pool, crushing of the steel slag is achieved, meanwhile, cooling water enters the crushing toothed roller and the inside of the bearing seat through the cooling water inlet pipe to circulate, the crushing toothed roller and the bearing seat are cooled and cooled, the trolley is prevented from being affected by overhigh temperature, cooling water is sprayed by the spray water pipe to cool the steel slag, slag blocking heat insulation plates at two ends of the crushing toothed roller can prevent the steel slag from being forcedly splashed onto the base in the crushing and paving process, and moving parts of the crushing trolley are prevented from being affected by splashing of the steel slag and high-temperature factors of; the bases at the two ends of the bearing frame are respectively provided with a pressure wheel set, so that the crushing trolley is prevented from tilting and even derailing in the crushing process; the supporting roller body and the central rotating shaft in the crushing tooth roller are both in a splicing welding mode, so that the manufacturing cost is reduced, the supporting roller body and the central rotating shaft are both in a hollow structure, circulating cooling water circulates inside the supporting roller body and the central rotating shaft, the crushing tooth roller is prevented from being heated at high temperature, and the cooling water inlet and the cooling water outlet are both arranged on the same side, so that the installation is facilitated; the circumference surface of the crushing tooth roller is provided with detachable conical crushing teeth which are arranged in a staggered symmetrical mode, so that the energy consumption of crushing steel slag is reduced, the number of teeth participating in crushing each time is 2 or 3, and the stress balance of each rolling position on the circumference surface of the supporting roller body is ensured; the crushing tooth adopts detachable construction's conical tooth group, and the wearing and tearing of the broken tooth top of this structure are more even, are favorable to prolonging broken tooth life. Therefore, the invention has stable structure, safe and stable use and can continuously work for a long time in a high-temperature environment.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a broken platform truck of energy-conserving fluted roller of self stabilization, includes the broken fluted roller of bearing frame, the broken fluted roller of horizontal installation on bearing frame, the broken fluted roller pivoted power device of drive and the cooling water pipeline that is used for broken fluted roller cooling by unilateral double track support, characterized by:
the bearing frame horizontally stretches over the steel slag pool, each side of the steel slag pool is provided with a double-track parallel to the steel slag pool, two ends of the bearing frame are respectively supported on the tracks on the corresponding sides through the walking rollers and freely slide along the tracks, and the bearing frame is fixedly provided with a driving motor for driving the walking rollers to rotate;
the crushing tooth roller comprises a central rotating shaft and a cylindrical supporting roller body which are coaxially fixed, the central rotating shaft and the supporting roller body are of a splicing welding structure, the supporting roller body is coaxially fixed on the outer circumferential surface of the central rotating shaft in a sealing manner, a plurality of inner supporting plates which are parallel to each other are arranged inside the supporting roller body, the inner supporting plates are circular, the outer circumferential surface of each inner supporting plate is fixed on the inner circumferential surface of the supporting roller body in a sealing manner, the inner circumferential surface of each inner supporting plate is fixed on the outer circumferential surface of the central rotating shaft in a sealing manner, water through holes are formed in each inner supporting plate, a plurality of crushing teeth which are symmetrically arranged in a staggered manner are distributed on the outer circumferential surface of the supporting roller body in a conical manner, the central rotating shaft comprises a left shaft and a right shaft which are coaxial, the left shaft and the right shaft respectively extend out of two ends of the support, the right shaft is cylindrical, a water inlet pipe is coaxially, a water return space with a closed inner end and an open outer end is formed between the water inlet pipe and the right shaft, a communicated water return hole is formed between the water return space and the inside of the supporting roller body, a blind hole communicated with the water inlet pipe is formed in the center of the inside of the left shaft, a communicated water inlet hole is formed between the blind hole and the inside of the supporting roller body, and the water inlet hole and the water return hole are respectively positioned at two ends of the supporting roller body; the crushing tooth rollers are respectively arranged on bearing seats through a left shaft and a right shaft, the bearing seats are fixed on a bearing frame, and the crushing tooth rollers provided with crushing teeth rotate in the steel slag pool;
the power device comprises a reduction gearbox and a crushing motor, the reduction gearbox and the crushing motor are both fixed at the same end of the bearing frame, an output shaft of the crushing motor is coaxially fixed with an input shaft of the reduction gearbox, and an output shaft of the reduction gearbox is coaxially fixed with a left shaft of the central rotating shaft;
the cooling water pipeline including stretching into the spray header in slag bath top space, the cooling water of intercommunication bearing frame and broken fluted roller advances pipe and cooling water exit tube, the epaxial inlet tube in broken fluted roller right side advances the pipe switch-on with the cooling water, the outer end and the cooling water exit tube switch-on in the epaxial return water space in broken fluted roller right side, make the cooling water advance the inside back rethread cooling water exit tube that the pipe got into broken fluted roller through the cooling water and discharge, the cooling water advances the inside space intercommunication of the bearing frame of pipe and central pivot both ends respectively, the cooling water exit tube is respectively through the inside space intercommunication of the bearing frame at pipeline and central pivot both ends, make the cooling water advance the inside space back rethread cooling water exit tube that the pipe got into the bearing frame through the cooling water and discharge.
2. The self-stabilizing energy-saving toothed roller crushing trolley as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bearing frame comprises bases with I-shaped structures at two ends and an arched cross beam connected with the two bases, the arched cross beam comprises two bases which are respectively fixed at the front end and the rear end of the bases, and bearing seats at two ends of the crushing tooth roller are respectively fixed on the bases at the corresponding ends.
3. The self-stabilizing energy-saving toothed roller crushing trolley as claimed in claim 2, wherein: and anti-collision cleaners corresponding to the rails are fixed at two ends of each base.
4. The self-stabilizing energy-saving toothed roller crushing trolley as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the anticollision sweeper including fix the mounting panel on the base, fix anticollision ware and the brush cleaner on the mounting panel outside, the brush cleaner adopt the steel wire to make, the brush cleaner passes through the clamp plate of bolt fastening and presss from both sides tightly the lower extreme at the mounting panel, the brush cleaner stretches out the lower extreme of mounting panel and stretches into on the track.
5. The self-stabilizing energy-saving toothed roller crushing trolley as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the base is fixed with a pinch roller set for preventing the running roller from derailing, and the pinch roller set is supported on a top plate horizontally fixed on the side surface of the track.
6. The self-stabilizing energy-saving toothed roller crushing trolley as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the two ends of the crushing toothed roller are fixed with side-standing slag-stopping heat-insulating plates, the slag-stopping heat-insulating plates are positioned between the two arched beams, the lower ends of the slag-stopping heat-insulating plates downwards extend into the upper edge of the steel slag pool, and the supporting roller body is positioned between the two slag-stopping heat-insulating plates.
7. The self-stabilizing energy-saving toothed roller crushing trolley as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the crushing teeth are fixed on the outer circumferential surface of the supporting roller body through the tooth holders, and the inner ends of the crushing teeth are sleeved on the tooth holders and fixed through bolts.
CN202010429756.3A 2020-05-20 2020-05-20 Self-stabilizing energy-saving gear roller crushing trolley Pending CN111558428A (en)

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