CN111546145B - Finish machining equipment for manufacturing shaft sleeve - Google Patents

Finish machining equipment for manufacturing shaft sleeve Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111546145B
CN111546145B CN202010419294.7A CN202010419294A CN111546145B CN 111546145 B CN111546145 B CN 111546145B CN 202010419294 A CN202010419294 A CN 202010419294A CN 111546145 B CN111546145 B CN 111546145B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
clamping
polishing
rod
arc
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CN202010419294.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111546145A (en
Inventor
陈武夷
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Nantong Deyuan Machinery Manufacturing Co.,Ltd.
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Nantong Deyuan Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010419294.7A priority Critical patent/CN111546145B/en
Publication of CN111546145A publication Critical patent/CN111546145A/en
Priority to GB2100162.3A priority patent/GB2587753A/en
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Publication of CN111546145B publication Critical patent/CN111546145B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B5/00Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B5/02Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor involving centres or chucks for holding work
    • B24B5/04Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor involving centres or chucks for holding work for grinding cylindrical surfaces externally
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • B24B41/067Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies radially supporting workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/12Devices for exhausting mist of oil or coolant; Devices for collecting or recovering materials resulting from grinding or polishing, e.g. of precious metals, precious stones, diamonds or the like

Abstract

The invention relates to a finish machining device for manufacturing a shaft sleeve, which comprises a supporting device, a clamping device and a polishing device, wherein the clamping device is uniformly arranged in the supporting device in a sliding fit mode, the polishing device is arranged on the right side of the clamping device, and the polishing device is arranged in the supporting device. The grinding device can finish a plurality of shaft sleeves simultaneously, improve the production efficiency, reduce the labor cost, and finish the shaft sleeves with different wall thicknesses, can clamp the shaft sleeves and protect the inner walls of the shaft sleeves, improves the functionality and the use flexibility of the device, and is favorable for improving the yield of production.

Description

Finish machining equipment for manufacturing shaft sleeve
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of shaft sleeve processing, in particular to finish machining equipment for manufacturing a shaft sleeve.
Background
The shaft sleeve is a cylindrical mechanical part sleeved on the rotating shaft and is a component of the rolling bearing. The shaft sleeve has larger friction force during rotation due to the specific working environment, and is easy to damage after long-term use. The shaft sleeve and the bearing are the same as each other and different from each other, the same is that the shaft sleeve and the bearing bear the load of the shaft, the shaft sleeve is of an integral structure and rotates relative to the shaft sleeve, the bearing is split, and the bearing rotates relative to the inner ring and the outer ring of the bearing. But in essence the sleeve is just one kind of sliding bearing.
At present, the following defects exist only in a finish machining device aiming at the existing shaft sleeve: 1. the existing shaft sleeve manufacturing and finish machining equipment generally adopts a single clamping device, can not finish machining a plurality of shaft sleeves simultaneously, has low production efficiency and higher labor cost; 2. when the existing shaft sleeve manufacturing and finishing processing equipment clamps a shaft sleeve, the distance of a clamping mechanism cannot be adjusted according to the wall thickness of the shaft sleeve, so that the shaft sleeve with different wall thicknesses cannot be finished finely, and the use flexibility is low; 3. the existing shaft sleeve manufacturing finish machining equipment cannot timely clean metal residues, dirt and the like adhered to the surface of the outer wall of the shaft sleeve when the shaft sleeve is polished, the machining precision is influenced, byproducts generated in the polishing process cannot be timely collected, and the environmental pollution is caused.
Disclosure of Invention
First, technical problem to be solved
The invention not only can solve the problems that the prior shaft sleeve manufacturing and finish machining equipment generally adopts a single clamping device, can not finish machining a plurality of shaft sleeves simultaneously, has low production efficiency and higher labor cost, but also can solve the problems that the prior shaft sleeve manufacturing and finish machining equipment can not adjust the distance of a clamping mechanism according to the wall thickness of the shaft sleeve when clamping the shaft sleeve, can not finish machining the shaft sleeves with different wall thicknesses and has low use flexibility, and can also solve the problems that the prior shaft sleeve manufacturing and finish machining equipment can not timely clean metal residues, dirt and the like adhered to the outer wall surface of the shaft sleeve when grinding the shaft sleeve, can not influence the machining precision, can not timely collect byproducts generated in the grinding process and cause environmental pollution.
Second, technical scheme
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme that the finish machining equipment for manufacturing the shaft sleeve comprises a supporting device, a clamping device and a grinding device, wherein the clamping device is uniformly arranged in the supporting device in a sliding fit mode, the grinding device is arranged on the right side of the clamping device, and the grinding device is arranged in the supporting device.
The supporting device comprises a supporting frame, a limiting plate, a cylinder, a cylindrical guide rail and a threaded rod, the supporting frame is of a U-shaped structure, the limiting plate is installed on the left side and the right side of the supporting frame, the cylinder is symmetrically installed on the limiting plate, a groove is formed in the supporting frame, the cylindrical guide rail is installed in the groove, the threaded rod is evenly arranged on the cylindrical guide rail, the threaded rod is installed on the supporting frame in a thread fit mode, during specific work, the cylinder pushes the clamping device to slide left and right on the cylindrical guide rail, and the vertical distance between the clamping device and the.
Interior chucking unit include clamp plate, compression spring, slider, dop, reset spring and slip post, interior snap ring on evenly install the slip post through sliding fit's mode, install the clamp plate on the terminal surface in the slip post, install compression spring between clamp plate and the interior snap ring, install the slider through sliding fit's mode on the outer terminal surface of slip post, install reset spring between slider and the slip post, install the dop on the outer terminal surface of slider, concrete during operation, use through slider and reset spring cooperation, make the dop from inboard to axle sleeve fixed clamp tightly, avoid the axle sleeve to appear the phenomenon that sideslips at rotatory in-process, influence the precision of polishing of axle sleeve.
Clamping device include the pulley, place board, cylinder pole, drive mechanism and fixture, the pulley pass through sliding fit's mode and install on the cylinder guide rail, connect through the cylinder pole between the pulley, install on the cylinder pole and place the board, place board middle part symmetry and install drive mechanism, the symmetry is provided with fixture between the drive mechanism, fixture installs on placing the board, concrete during operation, drive mechanism can provide power for the axle sleeve, make the axle sleeve rotatory on placing the board, fixture can press from both sides the clamp tightly to the axle sleeve, prevent that the axle sleeve from sideslipping at rotatory in-process.
The clamping mechanism comprises a clamping plate, an inner clamping ring, an outer clamping ring, an eye bolt, a cam, an inner clamping unit, an electric pressure rod, an outer pressure plate and a rubber layer, wherein the clamping plate is arranged on the placing plate, the eye bolt is arranged in the middle of the lower end surface of the clamping plate, the cam is arranged on the eye bolt, the inner clamping ring is arranged outside the cam, the inner clamping unit is uniformly arranged on the inner clamping ring, the outer clamping ring is arranged outside the inner clamping unit, the electric pressure rod is uniformly arranged on the inner side surface of the outer clamping ring, the outer pressure plate is arranged on the movable end of the electric pressure rod, the rubber layer is arranged outside the outer pressure plate, when the clamping mechanism works specifically, the eye bolt can be rotated according to the wall thickness of the shaft sleeve so as to drive the cam to rotate, so that the inner clamping unit clamps the shaft sleeve at the inner side, the shaft sleeves with different wall thicknesses can be clamped, the use flexibility of the device, simultaneously the outer side of the outer pressing plate is provided with a rubber layer which can protect the inner wall of the shaft sleeve when the shaft sleeve is clamped tightly, and damage to the inner part of the shaft sleeve due to overlarge thrust of the electric pressing rod is avoided.
The polishing device comprises a polishing plate, an arc-shaped plate, a rubber spring, a polishing rod, a polishing head, a cleaning mechanism and a collecting box, wherein the cross section of the polishing plate is of an L-shaped structure, the polishing plate is fixedly arranged in the middle of a support frame, an arc-shaped groove is formed in the polishing plate and is connected with the polishing plate through the rubber spring, the arc-shaped plate is arranged in the arc-shaped groove, the polishing rod is uniformly arranged on the arc-shaped plate, the polishing head is arranged on the polishing rod, the cleaning mechanism is arranged below the polishing rod and is arranged on the arc-shaped plate, the collecting box is arranged below the cleaning mechanism, a sliding groove is formed in the polishing plate, the collecting box is arranged on the polishing plate in a sliding fit manner, when the clamping device is pushed by an air cylinder to enter the polishing plate, the shaft sleeve rotates under the power provided by the transmission mechanism to be in contact with the polishing rod, the outer wall of the shaft sleeve is polished, the rubber spring can avoid the damage to the polishing head due to the over, the clearance mechanism can in time clear up the in-process of polishing, and metal residue, the dirt etc. of axle sleeve surface adhesion avoid the metal residue of axle sleeve surface adhesion, dirt etc. to produce the burr at the axle sleeve outer wall, influence the precision of axle sleeve, and the collecting box can be collected the rubbish that the in-process produced of polishing, by-product etc. avoids the appearance of environmental pollution problem.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention: drive mechanism include trapezoidal plate, rotate rod, belt, driving motor and U template, trapezoidal plate install and place the board middle part, the trapezoidal plate is last evenly to install and to rotate the rod, rotate to connect through the belt between the rod, rotate rod and driving motor's output shaft, driving motor passes through the motor cabinet and installs on the U template, the U template passes through sliding fit's mode and installs on the support frame, concrete during operation, when the axle sleeve is under fixture's effect, when stably putting on placing the board, start driving motor, it is rotatory on rotating the rod to drive the axle sleeve.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention: clearance mechanism including clearance piece, sliding block, annular spring, clearance board and brush, the arc on evenly install the clearance piece, clearance piece middle part is provided with the circular slot, install the sliding block through sliding fit's mode in the circular slot, install annular spring between sliding block and the clearance piece, install the clearance board on the sliding block, evenly install the brush on the clearance board, concrete during operation, when the axle sleeve enters the board of polishing, annular spring, sliding block and brush cooperation are used, can make the brush closely laminate with the axle sleeve outer wall all the time, improve the clearance effect.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention: the cam cross-section be four corners protrusion state, when the axle sleeve wall thickness is different, drive the cam through eyebolt and rotate, the protruding cross-section in four corners and the cooperation of interior chucking unit use, increase the chucking dynamics.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention: the electric pressure lever be located between two interior clamping unit, the outer clamp plate is the arc structure, increases the laminating degree of outer clamp plate and axle sleeve inner wall, improves the centre gripping dynamics.
Three beneficial effects
1. The shaft sleeve manufacturing finish machining equipment provided by the invention can finish machining a plurality of shaft sleeves simultaneously, is high in production efficiency and low in labor cost, and the clamping devices are arranged on the supporting frame in a sliding fit manner and can slide mutually, so that the use flexibility of the equipment is improved.
2. According to the shaft sleeve manufacturing finish machining equipment, the distance of the clamping mechanism can be adjusted by the clamping device according to shaft sleeves with different wall thicknesses, finish machining can be conducted on a plurality of shaft sleeves with different wall thicknesses, improvement of functionality and use flexibility of the equipment is facilitated, the clamping device is provided with the rubber plate and the rubber spring, the protection effect on the inner wall of the shaft sleeve is greatly increased, the problem that the inner wall of the shaft sleeve is damaged or even deformed due to overlarge clamping force in the clamping process is avoided, and the production qualification rate is improved.
3. According to the shaft sleeve manufacturing and finish machining equipment, the polishing device is provided with the cleaning mechanism, metal residues, dirt and the like adhered to the outer wall surface of the shaft sleeve can be cleaned in time, the machining precision is improved, the polishing mechanism is provided with the collecting box, byproducts generated in the polishing process can be collected in time, and the environment protection is improved.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention between a clamping device and a polishing device;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure at A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the front plan structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the clamping mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the internal clamping unit of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The embodiments of the invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings, but the invention can be implemented in many different ways as defined and covered by the claims.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, a shaft sleeve manufacturing finish machining equipment comprises a supporting device 1, a clamping device 2 and a grinding device 3, wherein the clamping device 2 is uniformly installed inside the supporting device 1 in a sliding fit mode, the grinding device 3 is arranged on the right side of the clamping device 2, and the grinding device 3 is installed inside the supporting device 1.
Support arrangement 1 include support frame 11, limiting plate 12, cylinder 13, cylinder guide rail 14 and threaded rod 15, support frame 11 be U type structure, limiting plate 12 is installed to the support frame 11 left and right sides, cylinder 13 is installed to the symmetry on the limiting plate 12, be provided with the recess on the support frame 11, install cylinder guide rail 14 in the recess, evenly be provided with threaded rod 15 on the cylinder guide rail 14, threaded rod 15 passes through screw-thread fit's mode and installs on support frame 11, during concrete work, cylinder 13 promotes clamping device 2 horizontal slip on cylinder guide rail 14, clamping device 2's upper and lower distance can be adjusted to threaded rod 15.
Clamping device 2 include pulley 21, place board 22, cylinder pole 23, drive mechanism 24 and fixture 25, pulley 21 install on cylindrical guide rail 14 through sliding fit's mode, connect through cylinder pole 23 between the pulley 21, install on the cylinder pole 23 and place board 22, place board 22 middle part symmetry and install drive mechanism 24, the symmetry is provided with fixture 25 between drive mechanism 24, fixture 25 installs on placing board 22, during concrete work, drive mechanism 24 can provide power for the axle sleeve, make the axle sleeve rotate on placing board 22, fixture 25 can press from both sides the axle sleeve tightly, prevent that the axle sleeve from sideslipping at rotation in-process.
The transmission mechanism 24 comprises a trapezoidal plate 241, rotating rods 242, a belt 243, a transmission motor 244 and a U-shaped plate 245, the trapezoidal plate 241 is installed in the middle of the placing plate 22, the rotating rods 242 are evenly installed on the trapezoidal plate 241 and connected through the belt 243 between the rotating rods 242, the rotating rods 242 are connected with an output shaft of the transmission motor 244, the transmission motor 244 is installed on the U-shaped plate 245 through a motor base, the U-shaped plate 245 is installed on the supporting frame 11 in a sliding fit mode, and when the shaft sleeve is stably placed on the placing plate 22 under the action of the clamping mechanism 25 during specific work, the transmission motor 244 is started to drive the shaft sleeve to rotate on the rotating rods 242.
The clamping mechanism 25 comprises a clamping plate 251, an inner clamping ring 252, an outer clamping ring 253, an eye bolt 254, a cam 255, an inner clamping unit 256, an electric pressure rod 257, an outer clamping plate 258 and a rubber layer 259, the clamping plate 251 is installed on the placing plate 22, the eye bolt 254 is installed in the middle of the lower end face of the clamping plate 251, the cam 255 is installed on the eye bolt 254, the inner clamping ring 252 is installed on the outer side of the cam 255, the inner clamping unit 256 is evenly installed on the inner clamping ring 252, the outer clamping ring 253 is installed on the outer side of the inner clamping unit 256, the electric pressure rod 257 is evenly installed on the inner side face of the outer clamping ring 253, the outer pressure plate 258 is installed on the movable end of the electric pressure rod 257, the rubber layer 259 is arranged on the outer side of the outer clamping plate 258, during specific work, the eye bolt 254 can be rotated according to the wall thickness of the shaft sleeve, so as to drive the cam, increased the use flexibility of device, improved production efficiency, the electronic depression bar 257 in the grip block 251 outside promotes the outer pressure plate 258 and can realize pressing from both sides tightly the secondary of axle sleeve, and the outer pressure plate 258 outside is provided with the rubber layer 259 simultaneously and can protect the axle sleeve inner wall when the axle sleeve is pressed from both sides tightly, avoids causing the damage because of electronic depression bar 257 thrust is too big to the axle sleeve inside.
Interior chucking unit 256 include clamp plate 2561, compression spring 2562, slider 2563, dop 2564, reset spring and slip post 2566, interior snap ring 252 on evenly install slip post 2566 through sliding fit's mode, install clamp plate 2561 on the terminal surface in slip post 2566, install compression spring 2562 between clamp plate 2561 and the interior snap ring 252, install slider 2563 through sliding fit's mode on the outer terminal surface of slip post 2566, install reset spring between slider 2563 and the slip post 2566, install dop 2564 on the outer terminal surface of slider 2563, during specific work, use through slider 2563 and reset spring cooperation, make dop 2564 from inboard countershaft sleeve fixed clamp, avoid the phenomenon that the axle sleeve appears sideslipping in rotatory in-process to appear, influence the precision of polishing of axle sleeve.
The cross section of the cam 255 is in a four-corner convex state, when the wall thickness of the shaft sleeve is different, the cam 255 is driven to rotate through the lifting bolt 254, and the cross section with the four convex corners is matched with the inner clamping unit 256 for use, so that the clamping force is increased.
The electric pressure lever 257 is positioned between the two inner clamping units 256, the outer pressing plate 258 is of an arc-shaped structure, the fitting degree of the outer pressing plate 258 and the inner wall of the shaft sleeve is increased, and the clamping force is improved.
The polishing device 3 comprises a polishing plate 31, an arc-shaped plate 32, a rubber spring 33, a polishing rod 34, a polishing head 35, a cleaning mechanism 36 and a collecting box 37, the cross section of the polishing plate 31 is of an L-shaped structure, the polishing plate 31 is fixedly arranged in the middle of the support frame 11, an arc-shaped groove is formed in the polishing plate 31 and is connected with the polishing plate 31 through the rubber spring 33, the arc-shaped plate 32 is arranged in the arc-shaped groove, the polishing rod 34 is uniformly arranged on the arc-shaped plate 32, the polishing head 35 is arranged on the polishing rod 34, the cleaning mechanism 36 is arranged below the polishing rod 34, the cleaning mechanism 36 is arranged on the arc-shaped plate 32, the collecting box 37 is arranged below the cleaning mechanism 36, a sliding groove is formed in the polishing plate 31, the collecting box 37 is arranged on the polishing plate 31 in a sliding fit manner, during specific work, when the clamping device 2 enters the polishing plate 31 under the pushing of the air cylinder 13, the shaft sleeve rotates under the power provided by the transmission mechanism 24 to be, the realization is polished to the outer wall of axle sleeve, rubber spring 33 can avoid the axle sleeve to polish board 31 hour speed at the contact too fast to the damage of head 35, clearance mechanism 36 can be to the in-process of polishing, the metal residue of axle sleeve surface adhesion, the dirt etc. are in time cleared up, avoid the metal residue of axle sleeve surface adhesion, the dirt etc. produces the burr at the axle sleeve outer wall, influence the precision of axle sleeve, collecting box 37 can be to the rubbish that the in-process produced of polishing, the byproduct etc. are collected, avoid the appearance of environmental pollution problem.
Cleaning mechanism 36 include clearance piece 361, sliding block 362, annular spring 363, clearance board 364 and brush 365, arc 32 on evenly install clearance piece 361, clearance piece 361 middle part is provided with the circular slot, install sliding block 362 through sliding fit's mode in the circular slot, install annular spring 363 between sliding block 362 and the clearance piece 361, install clearance board 364 on the sliding block 362, evenly install brush 365 on the clearance board 364, during specific work, when the axle sleeve enters into the board 31 of polishing, annular spring 363, sliding block 362 and brush 365 cooperate the use, can make brush 355 closely laminate with the axle sleeve outer wall all the time, improve the clearance effect.
When the clamping device is used specifically, a shaft sleeve to be processed is manually placed on the placing plate 22, the lifting bolt 254 is rotated according to the wall thickness of the shaft sleeve, so that the cam 255 is driven to rotate, the inner clamping unit 256 clamps the shaft sleeve on the inner side, the shaft sleeves with different wall thicknesses can be clamped, the use flexibility of the device is increased, the production efficiency is improved, the electric pressure rod 257 outside the clamping plate 251 pushes the outer pressure plate 258 to clamp the shaft sleeve for the second time, meanwhile, the rubber layer 259 arranged outside the outer pressure plate 258 can protect the inner wall of the shaft sleeve while clamping the shaft sleeve, and damage to the inner part of the shaft sleeve due to overlarge thrust of the electric pressure rod 257 is avoided; when clamping device 2 got into the board 31 of polishing under the promotion of cylinder 13, the axle sleeve rotates under the power that drive mechanism 24 provided and contacts with 34 grinding rods, the realization is polished to the outer wall of axle sleeve, rubber spring 33 can avoid the axle sleeve to polish the damage of board 31 time speed overquick to 35 of polishing head in the contact, clearance mechanism 36 can be to the in-process of polishing, the metal residue of axle sleeve surface adhesion, dirt etc. in time clear up, avoid the metal residue of axle sleeve surface adhesion, dirt etc. produce the burr at the axle sleeve outer wall, influence the precision of axle sleeve, collecting box 37 can be to the rubbish that the in-process produced of polishing, the by-product etc. are collected, avoid the appearance of environmental pollution problem.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a finish machining treatment facility is made to axle sleeve, includes strutting arrangement (1), clamping device (2) and grinding device (3), its characterized in that: clamping devices (2) are uniformly arranged in the supporting device (1) in a sliding fit mode, a polishing device (3) is arranged on the right side of each clamping device (2), and each polishing device (3) is arranged in the supporting device (1); wherein:
the supporting device (1) comprises a supporting frame (11), limiting plates (12), cylinders (13), cylindrical guide rails (14) and threaded rods (15), wherein the supporting frame (11) is of a U-shaped structure, the limiting plates (12) are installed on the left side and the right side of the supporting frame (11), the cylinders (13) are symmetrically installed on the limiting plates (12), grooves are formed in the supporting frame (11), the cylindrical guide rails (14) are installed in the grooves, the threaded rods (15) are uniformly arranged on the cylindrical guide rails (14), and the threaded rods (15) are installed on the supporting frame (11) in a threaded fit mode;
the clamping device (2) comprises pulleys (21), a placing plate (22), cylindrical rods (23), transmission mechanisms (24) and clamping mechanisms (25), the pulleys (21) are installed on the cylindrical guide rails (14) in a sliding fit mode, the pulleys (21) are connected through the cylindrical rods (23), the placing plate (22) is installed on the cylindrical rods (23), the transmission mechanisms (24) are symmetrically installed in the middle of the placing plate (22), the clamping mechanisms (25) are symmetrically arranged between the transmission mechanisms (24), and the clamping mechanisms (25) are installed on the placing plate (22);
the clamping mechanism (25) comprises a clamping plate (251), an inner snap ring (252), an outer snap ring (253), an eye bolt (254), a cam (255), an inner clamping unit (256), an electric pressure lever (257), an outer pressure plate (258) and a rubber layer (259), the clamping plate (251) is installed on the placing plate (22), an eye bolt (254) is installed in the middle of the lower end face of the clamping plate (251), a cam (255) is installed on the eye bolt (254), an inner clamping ring (252) is installed on the outer side of the cam (255), inner clamping units (256) are evenly installed on the inner clamping ring (252), an outer clamping ring (253) is installed on the outer side of the inner clamping unit (256), an electric pressure rod (257) is evenly installed on the inner side face of the outer clamping ring (253), an outer pressure plate (258) is installed on the movable end of the electric pressure rod (257), and a rubber layer (259) is arranged on the outer side of the;
the inner clamping unit (256) comprises a pressing plate (2561), a compression spring (2562), a sliding block (2563), a clamping head (2564), a reset spring and a sliding column (2566), the sliding column (2566) is uniformly arranged on the inner clamping ring (252) in a sliding fit mode, the pressing plate (2561) is arranged on the inner end surface of the sliding column (2566), the compression spring (2562) is arranged between the pressing plate (2561) and the inner clamping ring (252), the sliding block (2563) is arranged on the outer end surface of the sliding column (2566) in a sliding fit mode, the reset spring is arranged between the sliding block (2563) and the sliding column (2566), and the clamping head (2564) is arranged on the outer end surface of the sliding block (2563);
the polishing device (3) comprises a polishing plate (31), an arc-shaped plate (32), a rubber spring (33), a polishing rod (34), a polishing head (35), a cleaning mechanism (36) and a collecting box (37), the cross-section of the polishing plate (31) is of an L-shaped structure, the polishing plate (31) is fixedly mounted in the middle of the support frame (11), an arc-shaped groove is formed in the polishing plate (31), the arc-shaped groove is connected with the polishing plate (31) through a rubber spring (33), an arc-shaped plate (32) is mounted in the arc-shaped groove, a polishing rod (34) is uniformly mounted on the arc-shaped plate (32), a polishing head (35) is mounted on the polishing rod (34), a cleaning mechanism (36) is arranged below the polishing rod (34), the cleaning mechanism (36) is mounted on the arc-shaped plate (32), a collecting box (37) is arranged below the cleaning mechanism (36), a sliding groove is formed in the polishing plate (31), and the collecting box (37) is mounted on the polishing plate (31) in a sliding fit mode.
2. The sleeve manufacturing finishing processing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: drive mechanism (24) include trapezoidal plate (241), rotate rod (242), belt (243), driving motor (244) and U template (245), trapezoidal plate (241) install and place board (22) middle part, evenly install on trapezoidal plate (241) and rotate rod (242), rotate and connect through belt (243) between rod (242), rotate the output shaft of rod (242) and driving motor (244), driving motor (244) are installed on U template (245) through the motor cabinet, install on support frame (11) through sliding fit's mode U template (245).
3. The sleeve manufacturing finishing processing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: clearance mechanism (36) including clearance piece (361), sliding block (362), annular spring (363), clearance board (364) and brush (365), arc (32) on evenly install clearance piece (361), clearance piece (361) middle part is provided with the circular slot, sliding block (362) are installed through sliding fit's mode in the circular slot, install annular spring (363) between sliding block (362) and clearance piece (361), install clearance board (364) on sliding block (362), evenly install brush (365) on clearance board (364).
4. The sleeve manufacturing finishing processing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cross section of the cam (255) is in a four-corner convex state.
5. The sleeve manufacturing finishing processing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the electric pressure lever (257) is positioned between the two inner clamping units (256), and the outer pressure plate (258) is of an arc structure.
CN202010419294.7A 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 Finish machining equipment for manufacturing shaft sleeve Active CN111546145B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010419294.7A CN111546145B (en) 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 Finish machining equipment for manufacturing shaft sleeve
GB2100162.3A GB2587753A (en) 2020-05-18 2021-01-07 A finishing process apparatus for shaft sleeve manufacturing

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010419294.7A CN111546145B (en) 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 Finish machining equipment for manufacturing shaft sleeve

Publications (2)

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CN111546145A CN111546145A (en) 2020-08-18
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