CN111498382A - Bucket elevator with one-inlet and two-outlet functions for materials and two-way material discharging method - Google Patents

Bucket elevator with one-inlet and two-outlet functions for materials and two-way material discharging method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111498382A
CN111498382A CN202010367317.4A CN202010367317A CN111498382A CN 111498382 A CN111498382 A CN 111498382A CN 202010367317 A CN202010367317 A CN 202010367317A CN 111498382 A CN111498382 A CN 111498382A
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China
Prior art keywords
bucket elevator
hopper
materials
driving
bucket
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CN202010367317.4A
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CN111498382B (en
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李会民
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Shanghai Lvqu Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Shanghai Lvqu Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/12Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface comprising a series of individual load-carriers fixed, or normally fixed, relative to traction element
    • B65G17/126Bucket elevators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/30Details; Auxiliary devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/30Details; Auxiliary devices
    • B65G17/32Individual load-carriers
    • B65G17/36Individual load-carriers having concave surfaces, e.g. buckets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G23/00Driving gear for endless conveyors; Belt- or chain-tensioning arrangements
    • B65G23/22Arrangements or mountings of driving motors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G23/00Driving gear for endless conveyors; Belt- or chain-tensioning arrangements
    • B65G23/24Gearing between driving motor and belt- or chain-engaging elements
    • B65G23/30Variable-speed gearing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G23/00Driving gear for endless conveyors; Belt- or chain-tensioning arrangements
    • B65G23/44Belt or chain tensioning arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G37/00Combinations of mechanical conveyors of the same kind, or of different kinds, of interest apart from their application in particular machines or use in particular manufacturing processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/34Devices for discharging articles or materials from conveyor 
    • B65G47/38Devices for discharging articles or materials from conveyor  by dumping, tripping, or releasing load carriers
    • B65G47/40Devices for discharging articles or materials from conveyor  by dumping, tripping, or releasing load carriers by tilting conveyor buckets

Abstract

A bucket elevator with a function of one material inlet and two material outlets and a material bidirectional discharging method are disclosed, wherein a material conveying device is horizontally and transversely arranged at the middle position above the bottom of a bucket elevator body, one end of the material conveying device is connected with an external material conveying channel, the other end of the material conveying device is introduced into the bucket elevator body, a vertical cylindrical blanking port is arranged at the bottom position of the end, materials are conveyed into the bucket elevator body through the material conveying device and fall into the bottom space in the bucket elevator body below through the blanking port, and the materials are automatically uniformly spread to two sides through a material distributing boss; the two sides of the bottom inside the bucket elevator body are respectively provided with a set of bucket driving assembly, the bucket driving assemblies are respectively provided with independent driving modules, each part of the bucket driving assembly is controlled and driven by the driving modules, the bucket driving assemblies continuously and vertically run, materials are lifted, and the materials are conveyed out through a discharge hole in the upper position of the bucket elevator body.

Description

Bucket elevator with one-inlet and two-outlet functions for materials and two-way material discharging method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of material conveying and transportation, in particular to a bucket elevator with a material one-inlet two-outlet function and a material two-way discharging method, which are applied to vertically lifting various bulk materials and mixed materials.
Background
At present, the bucket elevator is called as a bucket elevator, the bucket elevator is a continuous conveying machine for vertically/vertically lifting materials by utilizing a series of hoppers uniformly and fixedly connected to an endless traction member, the bucket elevator is divided into three types, namely a loop chain, a plate chain and a belt, the bucket elevator has the advantages of large conveying capacity, high lifting height, stable and reliable operation and long service life, is widely applied to the fields of grains, metallurgy, chemical industry, coal and other industries, and is one of main force equipment for transportation.
The bucket elevator is also suitable for conveying powdery, granular and small blocky materials without grinding effect and with small grinding effect, such as coal, cement, stones, sand, clay, ore and the like, and has the advantages of high efficiency, large lifting capacity, small occupied volume, relatively simple structure, low noise and the like compared with other transportation equipment.
The conveying working principle of the bucket elevator in the prior art is as follows:
the hopper scoops up the material from the storage below, and as the conveyor belt or chain is lifted to the top, it bypasses the top wheel and turns downward, and the hopper lifter pours the material into the receiving trough. The belt bucket elevator has a driving belt mounted on the driving drum and the turnabout drum, and a chain driving bucket elevator has two parallel driving chains, one pair of driving chain wheels on the upper and lower sides and one pair of turnabout chain wheels on the lower or upper side. Bucket elevators are typically equipped with a housing to prevent dust from flying up in the bucket elevator.
With the continuous highlighting of new technologies in recent years and the improvement of material processing requirements, the traditional one-in one-out mode of a bucket elevator in the prior art is difficult to meet the requirements, and the main reasons are as follows: materials lifted to a high position by the bucket elevator are not directly dumped, but need to pass through additional process links, and the process links are usually overlapped and connected in series on the vertical height, so that the equipment height on the process links cannot be reduced; for the indoor or the area with special height limit requirement, the target of meeting the indoor fixed height or the area with special height limit requirement is achieved only by reasonably improving the material discharging and feeding modes when the height of the process equipment is fixed.
Based on the reason, the existing bucket elevator form cannot meet the requirement of the new process through market research and literature reference, and the method is as follows:
publication No. CN201834497U discloses a special bucket elevator for obliquely lifting a mixture of silica sand and water, which utilizes a plurality of layers of steel wire meshes to be fixed inside a hopper, and simultaneously utilizes a plurality of small holes at the bottom of the hopper to realize water-sand separation during lifting. Although the technology can separate water in a mixture in real time and ensure that only silica sand remains in the hopper, thereby achieving the purpose of separation in the process of vertical lifting, the discharge side is strictly limited to the corresponding side of the feeding due to the position limitation of the outlet, namely the feeding and discharging mode of the bucket elevator, and the arrangement mode of the feeding and discharging cannot be applied to many special occasions.
There is also korean patent publication No. KR100927644B1, which discloses an innovative solution to significantly improve the discharge rate and to prevent the accumulation of material at the bottom of the hopper. The specific mode is that the blocking block and the purging nozzle are arranged on the automatic belt conveying channel to respectively purge the inner cavity of each hopper, and the blocking block is shifted to the single hopper by the loading block to realize instantaneous impact, so that the aim of reducing sedimentation in the hoppers is fulfilled. Of course, its more leading mode is through addding a action wheel, changes original action wheel promptly and from the epaxial arrangement of driving wheel on the perpendicular line, through this action wheel of addding to the angle that realizes the ejection of compact is wider, and the hopper is emptyd and is realized the angle of similar "vertical downward pouring" constantly, thereby reaches more excellent ejection of compact scheme. Although the angle and the position of the discharging are adjusted more optimally, the angle and the physical position of the discharging relative to the feeding cannot meet the requirement of discharging at the same time on the same side of the feeding and the different side of the feeding no matter how.
In addition, the device also has publication numbers CN201647620U and CN201334231Y, both of which disclose a bucket elevator with an outlet position which is farther and has more freedom of freedom relative to a feeding port, and the bucket elevator is called as a Z-shaped bucket elevator in the industry. However, practical application shows that the two bucket lifting schemes also cannot meet the requirement of simultaneous discharging when the material is fed on the same side and the material is fed on the different side.
To sum up, at present, there is no public scheme that can satisfy the functional requirements of "bottom feeding, balanced ejection of compact in both sides", and multiple purposes such as more ejection of compact, more even ejection of compact, bigger conveying capacity and showing reduction equipment height can not reach all the time.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a bucket elevator with a material one-inlet two-outlet function and a material two-way discharging method, wherein the bucket elevator has the function of realizing two-way discharging on different set heights through bottom feeding, namely the discharging function of two symmetrical outlet sides of feeding, and can meet the requirements of more discharging, more uniform discharging, larger conveying capacity and obviously reduced equipment height.
The invention relates to a bucket elevator with one-inlet and two-outlet functions and a material bidirectional discharging method, which comprises the following specific structures and implementation steps:
the utility model provides a machine is carried to bucket with one advances two functions, includes that material conveyor and one are the bucket of vertical setting and carry the machine body, its characterized in that:
the material conveying device is horizontally and transversely arranged at the middle position above the bottom of the bucket elevator body, one end of the material conveying device is connected with an external material conveying channel, the other end of the material conveying device is introduced into the bucket elevator body, a vertical cylindrical discharge hole is formed in the bottom position of the end, materials are conveyed into the bucket elevator body through the material conveying device and fall into the bottom space in the bucket elevator body below through the discharge hole, and the materials are automatically and uniformly spread to two sides through the material distributing bosses;
the conveyed materials are usually granular or blocky materials or mixed slurry containing liquid and solid, and specifically: mixed solid particles, sand-like hard particles, including natural corundum-based abrasives (e.g., brown corundum, white corundum, single crystal corundum, etc.), carbide abrasives (e.g., black silicon carbide, green silicon carbide, boron carbide, etc.), steel shot, steel grit, cut steel wire shot, etc.
The hopper lifting machine is characterized in that a set of hopper driving assembly is respectively arranged on two sides of the bottom inside the hopper lifting machine body, the hopper driving assemblies are respectively provided with an independent driving module, each part of the hopper driving assembly is controlled and driven by the driving module, the hopper driving assembly continuously and vertically runs, materials are lifted, and the materials are discharged through a discharge hole in the upper portion of the hopper lifting machine body.
The bucket elevator with one-inlet-two-outlet function is characterized in that the number of the hopper driving components is 2, each hopper driving component comprises a hopper group, a main driving wheel, a balance weight component for tensioning, a transmission shaft, a main transmission reducer and a driving motor, the hopper groups arranged in a chain shape are vertically arranged on two sides in a bucket elevator body respectively, the upper part of each hopper group arranged in a chain shape is sleeved with the main driving wheel arranged at the upper position in the bucket elevator body, the lower part of each hopper group arranged in a chain shape is sleeved with the balance weight component for tensioning arranged at the lower position in the bucket elevator body, the main driving wheel is connected with the power output end of the main transmission reducer through the transmission shaft, the power input end of the main transmission reducer is connected with the driving motor and is controlled to transmit by the driving motor, the main transmission reducer and the main driving wheel are driven to continuously and vertically operate the hopper groups arranged in a chain shape by starting the driving motor, and (5) digging and lifting the materials at the bottom, and then conveying the materials to the corresponding discharge hole.
The bucket elevator with the one-inlet and two-outlet functions is characterized in that the actual setting height of two hopper groups of the hopper driving assembly, which are arranged in a chain shape, corresponds to the height of two sides in the bucket elevator body.
The bucket elevator with the one-inlet and two-outlet functions is characterized in that the rotating speed of the driving motor of the hopper driving assembly can be independently adjusted, namely, the two sets of hopper driving assemblies can have different material conveying speeds.
The bucket elevator with the one-inlet and two-outlet functions is characterized in that two inspection manholes are formed in the middle of the bucket elevator body and correspond to the sleeve hopper driving assemblies respectively.
A material bidirectional discharging method is based on the bucket elevator with one-inlet and two-outlet functions, and comprises the following specific steps:
1) the material is conveyed into the bucket elevator body through a material conveying device arranged horizontally and transversely, falls through a vertical cylindrical blanking port and is automatically and uniformly spread to two sides through a material distributing boss, so that the material is automatically and uniformly distributed in the bottom space of the bucket elevator body;
2) the driving motors of the two hopper driving assemblies are started to drive the main transmission speed reducer to transmit power to the main driving wheel connected through the transmission shaft, the main driving wheel rotates to drive the hopper groups arranged in a chain shape to rotate together, and at the moment, the hoppers on the hopper groups arranged in the chain shape dig materials in the bottom space of the hopper lifting machine body in the step 1) and drive the materials to continuously rise along the vertical direction when the hopper groups arranged in the chain shape are arranged;
3) in the step 2), as the hopper driving components are arranged at two positions, the materials are sent out to different discharge ports respectively along with the continuous lifting of the hopper groups arranged in a chain shape at each position and reach a predetermined position.
It should be noted that, because the actual setting height of the two hopper groups arranged in a chain shape corresponds to the height of the two sides inside the bucket elevator body, the bucket elevator body has discharge ports with different heights in practical application, so that the materials at the moment can be transmitted to the two different discharge ports, and the adjustable speed and variable frequency control function of the independently controlled driving motor is matched, so that the materials are lifted and conveyed at a synchronous or asynchronous speed.
The material bidirectional discharging method is characterized in that the driving motors are independently controlled and all adopt speed-adjustable variable frequency control.
The bidirectional material discharging method is characterized in that the main transmission speed reducers are controlled by respective driving motors, the output ends of the main transmission speed reducers realize speed reduction and torque increase power transmission through transmission shafts, and low-speed and high-torque power is transmitted to respective main driving wheels so that the main driving wheels continuously rotate.
When the materials need different flow rates, only the respective driving motors are controlled to regulate the speed.
The bucket elevator with the function of one material inlet and two material outlets and the material bidirectional discharging method have the following beneficial effects that:
1. the bucket elevator with the function of one material inlet and two material outlets and the material bidirectional discharging method realize bidirectional discharging at the same or different set heights by bottom feeding, namely the effects of single input and synchronous/asynchronous output at two sides;
2. the bucket elevator with the function of one material inlet and two material outlets and the material bidirectional discharging method have the capability of continuously conveying materials, can realize automatic material digging and automatic discharging, and can effectively and vertically load and unload bulk materials, particularly fixed particles, solid blocks or solid-liquid mixtures.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a device part of a bucket elevator with a material one-in two-out function and a material two-way discharging method according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the apparatus part of a bucket elevator with a material one-in and two-out function and a material two-way discharging method according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of a part of a bucket elevator with a material one-in and two-out function and a material two-way discharging method according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a device portion with a height difference discharge port feature of a bucket elevator with a material one-in two-out function and a material two-way discharge method according to the present invention.
In the figure: the automatic material distribution device comprises a material conveying device, a material dropping opening 1a, a material distribution boss 1b, a bucket elevator body 2, a material discharging opening 2a, a manhole for maintenance 2b, a material 3, a hopper driving component A1, a hopper group arranged in a chain shape, a2, a main driving wheel A3, a counterweight component for tensioning, a4, a5, a main transmission reducer and a6 driving motor.
Detailed Description
The bucket elevator with one material inlet and two material outlet functions and the material bidirectional discharging method of the invention are further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, a bucket elevator with one-inlet-two-outlet function comprises a material conveying device 1 and a bucket elevator body 2 which is vertically arranged, wherein the material conveying device is horizontally and transversely arranged at the middle position above the bottom of the bucket elevator body, one end of the material conveying device is connected with an external material conveying channel, the other end of the material conveying device is introduced into the bucket elevator body, a vertical cylindrical blanking port 1a is arranged at the bottom position of the end, a material 3 is conveyed into the bucket elevator body through the material conveying device, falls into the bottom space in the bucket elevator body below through the blanking port, and is automatically spread to two sides through a material distributing boss 1 b;
the two sides of the bottom inside the bucket elevator body 2 are respectively provided with a set of hopper driving assembly A, the hopper driving assemblies are respectively provided with an independent driving module, each part of the hopper driving assembly is controlled and driven by the driving module, the continuous vertical operation of the hopper driving assembly is sleeved, and the material is lifted and is discharged through a discharge hole 2a at the upper part of the bucket elevator body.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 3, each of the hopper driving assemblies includes 2 sets of hopper groups a1, a main driving wheel a2, a counterweight assembly A3 for tensioning, a transmission shaft a4, a main transmission reducer a5 and a driving motor a6, wherein the hopper groups arranged in a chain shape are vertically arranged on two sides of the inside of the bucket elevator body 2, the upper part of the hopper groups arranged in a chain shape is sleeved with the main driving wheel arranged at the upper position inside the bucket elevator body, the lower part of the hopper groups arranged in a chain shape is sleeved with the counterweight assembly for tensioning arranged at the lower position inside the bucket elevator body, the main driving wheel is connected with the power output end of the main transmission reducer through the transmission shaft, the power input end of the main transmission reducer is connected with the driving motor and is controlled by the driving motor, the main transmission reducer and the main driving wheel are driven by starting the driving motor to continuously and vertically run the hopper groups arranged in a chain shape, the materials at the bottom are dug and lifted and then are sent to the corresponding discharge port 2 a.
The actual installation height of the hopper groups a1 of the hopper driving assembly a arranged in a chain shape at two positions corresponds to the height of two sides inside the bucket elevator body 2.
The rotational speed of drive motor a6 of hopper drive assembly a can be individually speed adjusted, i.e., two sets of hopper drive assemblies can have different material transport speeds.
The middle of the bucket elevator body 2 is provided with two manholes 2b for maintenance, and the two manholes for maintenance respectively correspond to the respective sleeve hopper driving components A.
A material bidirectional discharging method is based on the bucket elevator with one-inlet and two-outlet functions, and comprises the following specific steps:
1) the material is conveyed into the bucket elevator body 2 through the material conveying device 1 which is horizontally arranged, falls through the vertical cylindrical blanking port 1a, and is automatically and uniformly spread to two sides through the material distributing lug boss 1b, so that the material is automatically and uniformly scattered in the bottom space of the bucket elevator body;
2) the driving motors A6 of the two hopper driving assemblies A are started to drive the main transmission speed reducer A5 to transmit power to a main driving wheel A2 connected through a transmission shaft A4, the main driving wheel rotates to drive the hopper groups A1 arranged in a chain shape to rotate together, at the moment, all the hoppers on the hopper groups arranged in the chain shape dig materials in the bottom space of the hopper lifting machine body in the step 1) and drive the materials to continuously rise along the vertical direction when the hopper groups arranged in the chain shape are arranged;
3) in the step 2), because the hopper driving assemblies a have two positions, the materials are sent out to different discharge ports 2a along with the continuous lifting of the hopper groups a1 arranged in a chain shape at each position, and then reach the predetermined position.
Because the actual setting height of the hopper groups arranged in a chain shape at two positions corresponds to the height of two sides in the bucket elevator body, the bucket elevator body has discharge ports with different heights in practical application, so that materials at the moment can be transmitted to two different discharge ports, and the adjustable-speed variable-frequency control function of the independently controlled driving motor is matched, so that the materials are lifted and conveyed at a synchronous or asynchronous speed.
In addition, as shown in fig. 4, the bucket elevator with one material inlet and two material outlet functions and the material bidirectional discharging method of the present invention can also be applied to the situation of the material outlet 2a with height difference, at this time, two material outlets of the bucket elevator body are located at different heights and in different areas, can synchronously/asynchronously and independently convey materials, even can adopt two Z-shaped hopper groups with different heights, the Z-shaped hopper group leads the discharge port to extend to different distances by additionally arranging the hopper group with the horizontal section, and forms a novel 'one-in two-out' conveying scheme which is different from the structure of a vertical conveying hopper lifter, other modes of transporting are unchangeable, can realize that the material is sent into the bucket by same material conveyor and carry the quick-witted body, is dug the back by zigzag hopper group, via two independent discharge gates ejection of compact respectively, reaches the required operating mode mesh in scene.
The driving motors A6 are all independently controlled and all adopt speed-adjustable variable-frequency control.
The main transmission speed reducer A5 is controlled by the respective drive motor A6, the output end of the main transmission speed reducer realizes the power transmission of speed reduction and torque increase through the transmission shaft A4, and the power of low speed and high torque is transmitted to the respective main drive wheel A2, so that the main drive wheel continuously rotates.
When the materials need different flow rates, only the respective driving motors are controlled to regulate the speed.
For example, it is necessary to increase the material output at one of the outlets and decrease the material output at the other outlet. At the moment, under the condition of keeping the feeding speed unchanged, the rotating speeds of the two driving motors can be respectively adjusted through the electric control system, and the effects can be realized after the stabilization
The bucket elevator with the function of one material inlet and two material outlets and the material bidirectional discharging method realize bidirectional discharging at the same or different set heights by bottom feeding, namely the effects of single input and synchronous/asynchronous output at two sides; the bucket elevator with the function of one material inlet and two material outlets and the material bidirectional discharging method have the capability of continuously conveying materials, can realize automatic material digging and automatic discharging, and can effectively and vertically load and unload bulk materials, particularly fixed particles, solid blocks or solid-liquid mixtures.
The bucket elevator with the function of one material inlet and two material outlets and the material bidirectional discharging method are suitable for the field of lifting and transporting various granular or blocky materials or mixed slurry containing liquid and solid.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a bucket elevator with one advances two functions, includes material conveyor (1) and one and is bucket elevator body (2) of vertical setting, its characterized in that:
the material conveying device (1) is horizontally and transversely arranged at the middle position above the bottom of the bucket elevator body (2), one end of the material conveying device is connected with an external material conveying channel, the other end of the material conveying device is introduced into the bucket elevator body, a vertical cylindrical blanking port (1a) is arranged at the bottom of the end, and a material (3) is conveyed into the bucket elevator body through the material conveying device, falls into the bottom space in the bucket elevator body below through the blanking port and is automatically and uniformly spread to two sides through a material distributing boss (1 b);
the hopper lifting machine is characterized in that a set of hopper driving assembly (A) is respectively arranged on two sides of the bottom inside the hopper lifting machine body (2), the hopper driving assemblies are respectively provided with an independent driving module, each part of the hopper driving assembly is controlled and driven by the driving module, the hopper driving assembly continuously and vertically runs, materials are lifted, and the materials are sent out through a discharge hole (2a) in the upper position of the hopper lifting machine body.
2. The bucket elevator with one-in two-out function as claimed in claim 1, wherein the bucket driving assembly (A) has 2 sets, each set comprises a bucket group (A1), a main driving wheel (A2), a weight assembly for tensioning (A3), a transmission shaft (A4), a main transmission reducer (A5) and a driving motor (A6), wherein the bucket groups arranged in a chain shape are vertically arranged at two sides in the bucket elevator body (2), the upper part of the bucket group arranged in a chain shape is sleeved with the main driving wheel arranged at the upper position in the bucket elevator body, the lower part of the bucket group arranged in a chain shape is sleeved with the weight assembly for tensioning arranged at the lower position in the bucket elevator body, the main driving wheel is connected with the power output end of the main transmission reducer through the transmission shaft, the power input end of the main transmission reducer is connected with and controlled by the driving motor, the hopper group arranged in a chain shape is continuously and vertically operated by starting the driving motor to drive the main transmission speed reducer and the main driving wheel, and the materials at the bottom are dug, lifted and then conveyed to the corresponding discharge port (2 a).
3. The bucket elevator with one-in and two-out function as claimed in claim 2, wherein the actual setting height of the two hopper groups (A1) arranged in a chain shape at two positions of the hopper driving assembly (A) corresponds to the height of two sides inside the bucket elevator body (2).
4. A hopper lift with one in and two out functions as claimed in claim 2 wherein the rotational speed of the drive motor (a6) of the hopper drive assembly (a) is independently adjustable, i.e. the two sets of hopper drive assemblies may have different material transport speeds.
5. The bucket elevator with one-inlet and two-outlet function as claimed in claim 2, wherein the bucket elevator body (2) is provided with two inspection manholes (2b) at the middle position thereof, and the two inspection manholes respectively correspond to the respective set bucket driving assemblies (A).
6. A material bidirectional discharging method, based on the bucket elevator with one-inlet two-outlet function in any claim, comprises the following specific steps:
6.1) feeding the materials into the bucket elevator body (2) through the material conveying device (1) which is horizontally arranged, wherein the materials fall through a vertical cylindrical blanking port (1a) and are automatically and uniformly spread to two sides through a material distributing boss (1b), so that the materials are automatically and uniformly scattered in the bottom space of the bucket elevator body;
6.2) the driving motors (A6) of the hopper driving components (A) at the two positions are started to drive the main transmission speed reducer (A5) to transmit power to the main driving wheel (A2) connected through the transmission shaft (A4), the main driving wheel rotates to drive the hopper groups (A1) arranged in a chain shape to rotate together, at the moment, all the hoppers on the hopper groups arranged in the chain shape dig the materials in the bottom space of the hopper lifter body in the step 6.1), and the materials are driven to continuously rise along the vertical direction when the hopper groups arranged in the chain shape are arranged;
6.3) and 6.2), because the hopper driving components (A) have two positions, the materials are sent to different discharge ports (2a) respectively along with the continuous lifting of hopper groups (A1) which are arranged in a chain shape at all positions, and the materials reach a predetermined position.
7. The material bidirectional discharging method as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that the driving motors (A6) are all independently controlled and all controlled by variable speed and frequency.
8. The material bidirectional discharging method as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that the main transmission speed reducer (A5) is controlled by the respective driving motor (A6), the output end of the main transmission speed reducer realizes the power transmission of speed reduction and torque increase through the transmission shaft (A4), and the power transmission of low speed and high torque is transmitted to the respective main driving wheel (A2), so that the main driving wheel continuously rotates.
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