CN111483015A - Efficient dustless cutter for plates - Google Patents

Efficient dustless cutter for plates Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111483015A
CN111483015A CN202010458959.5A CN202010458959A CN111483015A CN 111483015 A CN111483015 A CN 111483015A CN 202010458959 A CN202010458959 A CN 202010458959A CN 111483015 A CN111483015 A CN 111483015A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
dust
dust removal
saw blade
unit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202010458959.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
艾华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Ayalon New Material Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Ayalon New Material Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Ayalon New Material Technology Co ltd filed Critical Anhui Ayalon New Material Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202010458959.5A priority Critical patent/CN111483015A/en
Publication of CN111483015A publication Critical patent/CN111483015A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B5/00Sawing machines working with circular or cylindrical saw blades; Components or equipment therefor
    • B27B5/02Sawing machines working with circular or cylindrical saw blades; Components or equipment therefor characterised by a special purpose only
    • B27B5/06Sawing machines working with circular or cylindrical saw blades; Components or equipment therefor characterised by a special purpose only for dividing plates in parts of determined size, e.g. panels
    • B27B5/063Sawing travelling workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B31/00Arrangements for conveying, loading, turning, adjusting, or discharging the log or timber, specially designed for saw mills or sawing machines
    • B27B31/003Arrangements for conveying, loading, turning, adjusting, or discharging the log or timber, specially designed for saw mills or sawing machines with rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B31/00Arrangements for conveying, loading, turning, adjusting, or discharging the log or timber, specially designed for saw mills or sawing machines
    • B27B31/08Discharging equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B5/00Sawing machines working with circular or cylindrical saw blades; Components or equipment therefor
    • B27B5/16Saw benches
    • B27B5/22Saw benches with non-feedable circular saw blade
    • B27B5/222Saw benches with non-feedable circular saw blade the saw blade being arranged underneath the work-table; Guiding arrangements for the work-table
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B5/00Sawing machines working with circular or cylindrical saw blades; Components or equipment therefor
    • B27B5/29Details; Component parts; Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27GACCESSORY MACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR WORKING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS; TOOLS FOR WORKING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS; SAFETY DEVICES FOR WOOD WORKING MACHINES OR TOOLS
    • B27G19/00Safety guards or devices specially adapted for wood saws; Auxiliary devices facilitating proper operation of wood saws
    • B27G19/02Safety guards or devices specially adapted for wood saws; Auxiliary devices facilitating proper operation of wood saws for circular saws
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27GACCESSORY MACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR WORKING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS; TOOLS FOR WORKING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS; SAFETY DEVICES FOR WOOD WORKING MACHINES OR TOOLS
    • B27G3/00Arrangements for removing bark-zones, chips, waste, or dust, specially designed for use in connection with wood-working machine or in wood-working plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-efficiency dust-free cutter for plates, and belongs to the field of plate processing equipment. The device comprises a conveying roller way, a cutting workbench and a cutting unit; the cutting machine also comprises fixed frames arranged at two sides of the cutting workbench, wherein a conveying guide rail is arranged on the fixed frames along the conveying direction of the plates, and the cutting workbench is movably connected on the conveying guide rail; the worktable driving mechanism is arranged on the fixed frame and is in transmission connection with the cutting worktable; the wide-edge cutting unit is arranged on the conveying roller way and comprises a wide-edge cutting saw blade driving motor fixed on one side of the conveying roller way and a wide-edge cutting saw blade which is in transmission connection with the motor and is arranged at the wide-edge cutting position of the plate; and the dust removal unit is respectively arranged at the cutting worktable and the broadside cutting unit and used for collecting and removing dust generated during cutting. According to the invention, the broadside cutting unit is matched with the movable cutting workbench, broadside cutting and cutting operations are simultaneously carried out on the movable plate, the processing efficiency is high, and dust loss can be greatly reduced through the dust removal unit.

Description

Efficient dustless cutter for plates
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of plate processing equipment, and particularly relates to a high-efficiency dust-free cutter for plates.
Background
The floor is an indispensable ground decoration material for interior decoration, and in the processing process of the floor, the floor needs to be cut into specific sizes for facilitating subsequent decoration.
The panel cutting includes the broadside cutting and decides, the broadside of panel cuts into the width of demand earlier, then decide into suitable size with it, the direction of broadside cutting is the same with the direction of transportation of treating processing panel, consequently, can cut in the transportation, and the cutting direction when deciding is perpendicular with the direction of transportation, current cutterbar can't guarantee to carry out the broadside cutting simultaneously in the transportation and decide the operation, need to stop deciding the action after the panel transportation, can influence the machining efficiency of panel greatly, and can produce a large amount of dusts at the broadside cutting and decide the in-process, current panel cutterbar also can't effective processing dust.
Through retrieval, the Chinese patent publication number: CN 110561582A; the publication date is as follows: 12 months and 13 days 2019; the cutting device comprises a cutting table, a supporting plate is fixed at the left end of the cutting table, a fixing block is fixed at the upper end of the supporting plate, a moving cavity with a downward opening is formed in the fixing block, a cutting mechanism capable of cutting plates is arranged in the moving cavity, a lifting mechanism capable of driving the cutting mechanism to move back and forth is further arranged in the moving cavity, conveying belts capable of conveying the plates are arranged at the front end and the rear end of the cutting table, a translation cavity with an upward opening is formed in the cutting table, a clamping mechanism capable of clamping the plates is arranged in the translation cavity, the clamping mechanism comprises a translation motor, and a translation shaft is dynamically connected to the left end of the translation motor. Although the cutting device of this application can improve the efficiency of panel cutting, the device structure is complicated, and extra occupation space is great, influences the operation of other equipment in the workshop easily and arranges, and still can't realize broadside cutting and decide the concurrent operation.
As another example, chinese patent publication No.: CN 106003189A; the publication date is as follows: 2016, 10 months, 12 days; the environment-friendly plate cutting device comprises a main body, wherein a cutting cavity is formed in the main body along the conveying direction of a plate, a cutting groove is formed in the bottom of the cutting cavity downwards along the vertical direction, a cutter head assembly is arranged at the top of the main body to fix a cutter head, and the cutter head assembly can move along the vertical direction to extend the cutter head into the cutting cavity; the bottom parts of the two ends of the cutter head component extend outwards and horizontally to form lug blocks, through holes extending vertically are formed in the lug blocks, guide rods are arranged in the through holes, pressing blocks are formed at the bottoms of the guide rods, and compression springs are arranged between the pressing blocks and the bottoms of the lug blocks; the environment-friendly plate cutting device further comprises a dust removal mechanism, and the dust removal mechanism can be communicated with the cutting cavity to absorb dust in the cutting cavity. The cutting device of this application removes dust including setting up the cutting chamber and wrapping up whole cutting station, though can effectively place the dust loss, but set up the cutting chamber that can wrap up whole cutting station and need occupy great space, influence arranging of other equipment in the workshop, and when follow-up cutting equipment overhauls, the cutting chamber can increase and overhaul the degree of difficulty, and be not convenient for observe the cutting condition, consequently the device of this application can produce harmful effects to the production progress.
Disclosure of Invention
1. Problems to be solved
Aiming at the problems that in the prior art, during plate cutting and machining, the cutting and the broadside cutting cannot be carried out simultaneously, and the machining efficiency is low, the invention provides the efficient dustless plate cutter.
2. Technical scheme
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions.
An efficient dust-free cutter for plates comprises,
a transportation roller way for transporting the plate to be cut;
the cutting workbench is arranged in front of the end part of the conveying roller way and bears the plate to be cut conveyed by the conveying roller way, and a saw blade cutting opening is formed in the cutting workbench in a penetrating mode in the width direction;
the cutting unit is arranged below the cutting workbench, and a saw blade of the cutting unit penetrates through a saw blade cutting opening to cut the plate;
further comprising:
the fixed frame is arranged on two sides of the cutting workbench, a conveying guide rail is arranged on the fixed frame along the plate conveying direction, and the cutting workbench is movably connected to the conveying guide rail;
the worktable driving mechanism is arranged on the fixed frame and is in transmission connection with the cutting worktable to drive the cutting worktable to move along the conveying guide rail; and
the wide-edge cutting unit is arranged on the conveying roller way and comprises a wide-edge cutting saw blade driving motor fixed on one side of the conveying roller way and a wide-edge cutting saw blade which is in transmission connection with the wide-edge cutting saw blade driving motor and is arranged at the wide-edge cutting position of the plate; and
and the dust removal unit is respectively arranged at the cutting worktable and the broadside cutting unit and used for collecting and removing dust generated during cutting.
The wide edge cutting unit is arranged on the conveying roller way, a roller shaft is not arranged on the conveying roller way at the position where the wide edge cutting unit is arranged, so that the wide edge cutting saw blade can be placed and operated conveniently, a boss is arranged on one side of the conveying roller way, the boss can be used for fixing a wide edge cutting saw blade driving motor, a driving piece is in transmission connection with the saw blade through belt transmission, and when a plate is conveyed on the conveying roller way, the wide edge cutting saw blade is placed at a proper wide edge cutting position and keeps rotating, so that the wide edge of the plate can be cut; further, set up the mount in this scheme, the messenger decides on the workstation can swing joint transportation guide rail on the mount, the mount top is located to the transportation guide rail in this scheme, and decide the workstation removal through workstation actuating mechanism drive, workstation actuating mechanism can be the actuating mechanism commonly used among the prior art, under workstation actuating mechanism drive, make and decide workstation and panel and keep the relative quiescent condition, it also keeps the relative quiescent with panel to locate the unit of deciding under deciding the workstation simultaneously, therefore, can accomplish the deciding of panel without stopping the transportation of transportation roll table, can not influence panel production machining efficiency, reach the effect that the high efficiency was decided.
Furthermore, the dust removal unit at the wide-edge cutting unit comprises a wide-edge cutting dust removal cover which is symmetrically arranged above and below the conveying roller way and wraps the wide-edge cutting part; the wide-edge cutting dust removal cover is provided with a wide-edge cutting dust removal air hole, and the wide-edge cutting dust removal air hole is communicated with a dust removal air pipe.
Through the broadside cutting dust excluding hood that sets up from top to bottom of symmetry formula, can wrap up broadside cutting department from top to bottom completely, the dust that produces when carrying out the broadside cutting can be collected by broadside cutting dust excluding hood, further set up broadside cutting department dust removal wind hole on broadside cutting dust excluding hood, dust removal tuber pipe and this wind hole intercommunication of dust removal mechanism that can set up usually in the workshop, therefore, the dust of being collected by broadside cutting dust excluding hood all can be taken out through broadside cutting department dust removal wind hole and get rid of, in the workshop can not have the dust loss in broadside cutting process, reach the effect of this department's dustless cutting.
Further, the cutting unit includes:
the cutting mechanism is a saw blade driven by a motor and is arranged right below the saw blade cutting opening, and the cutting mechanism penetrates through the saw blade cutting opening to cut the plate;
the transverse moving mechanism is in transmission connection with the cutting mechanism and drives the cutting mechanism to move along the direction of the cutting opening of the saw blade;
and the cutting lifting mechanism is in transmission connection with the cutting mechanism and drives the cutting mechanism to move up and down.
Further, decide the dust removal unit of workstation department and include:
the guide support frame is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the cutting workbench and is arranged above the saw blade cutting opening;
the dust removal pressure cover is a hollow cover body with an opening at the bottom and is arranged right above the cutting opening of the saw blade, and the dust removal pressure cover is movably connected with the guide support frame and vertically moves up and down under the limit of the guide support frame;
the dust removal pressure cover driving mechanism is fixedly connected to the guide support frame and drives the dust removal pressure cover to move;
the end part of the dust removal pressure cover is provided with an upper dust removal air hole communicated with the dust removal air pipe.
The guide support frame is arranged above the saw blade cutting opening, and mainly plays the roles of a guide dust removal pressure cover and a support dust removal pressure cover driving mechanism, the dust removal pressure cover is movably connected in a limiting path formed by the guide support frame and can only do straight-up and straight-down motion right above the saw blade cutting opening, the dust removal pressure cover driving mechanism of the scheme is a cylinder and is fixed at the top of the guide support frame, a telescopic rod of the dust removal pressure cover driving mechanism is fixedly connected with the top of the dust removal pressure cover so as to control the lifting of the dust removal pressure cover, the dust removal pressure cover is of a hollow structure with an opening at the bottom and can directly fall down and press on a plate when the plate is cut and completely seal and wrap the upper space of the saw blade cutting opening, the dust above the saw blade is contained in the dust removal pressure cover when the saw blade is cut, the dust removal air duct is arranged at the end part of the dust removal pressure cover and communicated with a, finally, the materials are transmitted to all dust collectors arranged in the workshop for uniform dust removal treatment.
Further, decide the dust removal unit of workstation department and still include dust excluding hood down, it is the cavity cover body, partly wraps up the saw bit from cutting mechanism below.
The dust excluding hood shape is the same as the arc cover of installation on the saw bit down, carries out half parcel with saw bit the latter half from cutting mechanism's below, and the first half need stretch out the saw bit cutting cut and cut consequently need not the parcel, and in the cutting process, the dust that saw bit cutting cut appears in the below can get into down the scope of dust excluding hood parcel under the influence of saw bit cutting direction inertia, has avoided below dust loss influence from this to decide the unit operation and increase and clean the degree of difficulty.
Furthermore, one side of the lower dust hood is provided with a lower dust removal air hole which is communicated with the dust removal air pipe.
The lateral wall and the dust removal tuber pipe intercommunication of dust excluding hood will be down, the dust that produces below the saw bit cutting opening can be siphoned away by the dust removal tuber pipe after dust removal wind hole down after getting into the dust excluding hood down, the cleaning time of saw bit cutting opening below has been saved from this, cooperate the dust removal pressure cover of saw bit cutting opening top, reach and decide the dustless operation of in-process, the workshop environment has been ensured, and the setting of each component of dust removal unit need not to occupy too much space, can not influence arranging and the operation of other equipment.
Furthermore, the bottom of the dust removal pressure cover is fixedly connected with an elastic cushion layer, and an avoidance notch is formed in the position, corresponding to the saw blade cutting opening, of the elastic cushion layer.
Through setting up the elastic cushion layer, prevent on the one hand to remove dust and press cover bottom and panel rigid contact when compressing tightly panel, harm the follow-up appearance quality of panel surface influence, on the other hand elastic cushion layer can ensure to push down the leakproofness between back and the panel, with fully prevent the dust and overflow, set up and dodge the notch and dodge the saw bit that the cutting in-process removed, also reduced simultaneously and removed dust and pressed cover bottom opening size, prevent too much dust whereabouts to panel surface and be difficult to by dust removal tuber pipe suction.
Furthermore, the width of the avoiding notch on the elastic cushion layer is 3-6 mm larger than the width of the saw blade of the cutting mechanism.
Dodge the width of notch and be greater than saw bit width 3 ~ 6mm, can minimize under the prerequisite that does not influence the smooth removal of cutting process saw bit and dodge the width of notch, guarantee the leakproofness from this and reduce the dust and fall to the panel surface, make things convenient for the dust removal operation to go on, improve the dust removal effect, through experimental analysis, when the width of control dodging the notch is greater than cutting mechanism saw bit width 3 ~ 6mm, the effect is best.
Furthermore, both ends of the dust removal pressure cover are provided with upper dust removal air holes communicated with dust removal air pipes.
Both ends are provided with dust removal air holes communicated with dust removal air pipes, so that the dust removal effect is further enhanced.
Furthermore, decide the tip fixedly connected with extension roll table of workstation and keep away from the transportation roll table, it arranges with the transportation roll table syntropy.
After deciding the completion, workstation actuating mechanism need the drive decide the workstation return initial position promptly with the position of transportation roll table tip contact, at this moment under the effort behind the panel butt on the transportation roll table, the part panel of being decided can remove along the direction of keeping away from the transportation roll table for deciding the workstation, set up the panel that the extension roll table can prevent to decide and drop to can the guide panel get into the finished product smoothly and collect the station, reach the purpose of automatic unloading.
3. Advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the efficient dust-free plate cutter, the broadside cutting unit can cut broadsides of plates along with the transportation of the conveying roller way to the plates, the cut plates are conveyed to the cutting workbench, and when the broadside cutting unit is in a proper position, the cutting workbench and the conveying roller way move at the same transmission speed, so that the cutting unit and the plates are kept in a relatively static state, the cutting of the plates is smoothly finished under the condition of not stopping transmission, the broadside cutting and the cutting can be carried out simultaneously without mutual influence, and the effect of efficiently processing the plates is achieved;
(2) according to the efficient dust-free plate cutter, the dust removing hood is cut on the wide edge, the dust removing air holes formed in the dust removing hood are matched and communicated with the dust removing air pipe, dust generated during cutting of the wide edge can be collected and removed, the dust cannot escape into a workshop, and the effect of dust-free cutting is achieved;
(3) according to the efficient dust-free cutting device for the plate, the dust removing pressure cover in the dust removing unit can completely seal the space above the cutting opening of the saw blade while pressing the plate to ensure the cutting effect, all dust escaping above the plate is collected, and finally the dust is sucked out and removed by the workshop dust removing air pipe through the dust removing air hole on the side edge of the dust removing pressure cover, so that the functions of the pressing fixing mechanism and the dust removing mechanism of the plate are integrated, the occupied space of the mechanism is greatly saved, the dust can be effectively removed from the cutting position, the dust removing time cannot be additionally occupied, the processing efficiency cannot be influenced, the dust escaping condition in the plate cutting process is greatly reduced, and the dust-free cutting effect is achieved;
(4) according to the efficient dust-free cutting device for the plate, the lower dust hood is arranged, so that dust appearing below the cutting opening of the saw blade can enter the wrapping range of the lower dust hood under the inertia influence of the cutting direction of the saw blade in the cutting process, the influence of the escape of the dust below on the operation of a cutting unit is avoided, and the cleaning difficulty is increased;
(5) according to the efficient dust-free cutter for the plate, the side wall of the lower dust hood is communicated with the dust removal air pipe, dust generated below the saw blade cutting opening enters the lower dust hood and then is sucked away by the dust removal air pipe after passing through the lower dust removal air hole, so that the cleaning time below the saw blade cutting opening is saved, the dust-free operation in the cutting process is achieved by matching with the dust removal pressure hood above the saw blade cutting opening, the dust-free operation in the plate processing process is achieved by matching with the dust removal unit at the broadside cutting unit, the workshop environment is ensured, and the arrangement of each component of the dust removal unit does not need to occupy too much space, and the arrangement and operation of other equipment cannot be influenced;
(6) according to the efficient dust-free cutter for the plate, the elastic cushion layer is arranged, so that the bottom of the dust removal pressure cover is prevented from being in rigid contact with the plate when the plate is tightly pressed, the surface of the plate is damaged, the subsequent appearance quality is influenced, the tightness between the pressed plate and the elastic cushion layer can be ensured, the dust is fully prevented from escaping, the avoiding notch is formed to avoid a saw blade moving in the cutting process, the size of the opening at the bottom of the dust removal pressure cover is reduced, and excessive dust is prevented from falling to the surface of the plate and being difficult to suck out by the dust removal air pipe;
(7) according to the efficient dust-free cutter for the plate, the width of the avoiding notch is larger than the width of the saw blade by 3-6 mm, and the width of the avoiding notch can be reduced as much as possible on the premise that the saw blade moves smoothly in the cutting process is not influenced, so that the sealing performance is ensured, dust falling to the surface of the plate is reduced, the dust removal operation is facilitated, the dust removal effect is improved, and the effect is best when the width of the avoiding notch is controlled to be larger than the width of the saw blade of the cutting mechanism by 3-6 mm through experimental analysis;
(8) according to the efficient dust-free plate cutter, the dust removing air holes are formed in the two ends of the efficient dust-free plate cutter and communicated with the dust removing air pipes, so that the dust removing effect is further enhanced;
(9) according to the efficient dust-free plate cutter, the extension roller way is arranged, so that a cut plate can be prevented from falling off, the plate can be guided to smoothly enter a finished product collecting station, and the purpose of automatic blanking is achieved;
(10) the invention has simple structure, reasonable design and easy manufacture.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a plate efficient dust-free cutter in use state according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a high-efficiency dust-free cutting device for plates according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the efficient dust-free plate cutter according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a broadside cutting unit according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a side view of a high efficiency dust free cutter for sheet material of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the cutting table of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of the cutting table of the present invention in use;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the cutting table of the present invention in a bottom view;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of another bottom view of the guillotine table of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the dust removal pressure hood of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic side view of the dust removing pressure hood according to the present invention;
in the figure:
1000. a plate material;
2000. a workshop dust remover;
1. cutting off the workbench; 10. cutting openings of the saw blade; 11. extending the roller bed;
2. a cutting unit; 20. a cutting mechanism; 21. a traversing mechanism; 22. cutting a lifting mechanism;
3. a dust removal unit; 30. a guide support frame; 31. a dust removal pressure cover; 310. an upper dust removal air hole; 311. an elastic cushion layer; 32. a dust removal pressure hood driving mechanism; 33. a lower dust hood; 330. a lower dust removal air hole; 34. cutting a dust removing cover on the wide side; 340. dedusting air holes at the wide-edge cutting positions;
4. a conveying roller way;
5. a fixed mount; 50. a transport rail; 51. a table drive mechanism;
6. a broadside cutting unit; 60. a broadside cutting saw blade driving motor; 61. broadside cutting saw blades.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to specific embodiments and the accompanying drawings.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the high-efficiency dust-free cutter for plate material of the present embodiment comprises,
a transport roller table 4 that transports the sheet 1000 to be cut;
the cutting workbench 1 is arranged in front of the end part of the conveying roller way 4 and bears the plate 1000 to be cut conveyed from the conveying roller way 4, and a saw blade cutting opening 10 penetrates through the cutting workbench 1 in the width direction;
a cutting unit 2 disposed below the cutting table 1, wherein a saw blade of the cutting unit 2 passes through the saw blade cutting opening 10 to cut the sheet material 1000;
further comprising:
the fixing frame 5 is arranged on two sides of the cutting workbench 1, a conveying guide rail 50 is arranged on the fixing frame 5 along the conveying direction of the plate 1000, and the cutting workbench 1 is movably connected to the conveying guide rail 50;
a table driving mechanism 51 which is provided on the fixed frame 5 and is connected with the cutting table 1 in a transmission manner, and drives the cutting table 1 to move along the transport guide 50; and
the broadside cutting unit 6 is arranged on the conveying roller way 4 and comprises a broadside cutting saw blade driving motor 60 fixed on one side of the conveying roller way 4 and a broadside cutting saw blade 61 which is in transmission connection with the broadside cutting saw blade driving motor 60 and is arranged at the broadside cutting position of the plate 1000; and
and a dust removing unit 3 which is provided at the cutting table 1 and the broadside cutting unit 6, respectively, and collects and removes dust generated during cutting.
In the embodiment, the broadside cutting unit 6 is arranged on the conveying roller way 4, the conveying roller way 4 arranged at the broadside cutting unit 6 is not provided with a roller shaft so as to facilitate the placement and the work of the broadside cutting saw blade 61, a boss is arranged at one side of the conveying roller way 4, the boss can be used for fixing the broadside cutting saw blade driving motor 60, a driving piece is in transmission connection with the saw blade through belt transmission, when the plate 1000 is conveyed on the conveying roller way 4, the broadside cutting saw blade 61 is arranged at a proper broadside cutting position and keeps rotating, and the cutting of the broadside of the plate 1000 can be completed;
further, in the present embodiment, a fixing frame 5 is provided, so that the cutting table 1 can be movably connected to a transportation guide rail 50 on the fixing frame 5, in the present embodiment, the transportation guide rail 50 is provided at the top of the fixing frame 5, and the cutting table 1 is driven to move by a table driving mechanism 51, the table driving mechanism 51 may be a driving mechanism commonly used in the prior art, and under the driving of the table driving mechanism 51, the cutting table 1 and the board 1000 are kept in a relatively static state, and meanwhile, the cutting unit 2 arranged below the cutting table 1 is also kept in a relatively static state with the board 1000, so that the cutting of the board 1000 can be completed without stopping the transportation of the transportation roller table 4, the production and processing efficiency of the board 1000 is not affected, and the effect of efficient cutting is achieved;
the broadside cutting unit 6 of this embodiment can be along with the transportation of 4 rollgang to panel 1000 accomplishes the cutting to panel 1000 broadsides, panel 1000 after the cutting transports to deciding on workstation 1, when suitable position, decide workstation 1 and transportation rollgang 4 and remove with transmission rate, the messenger decides unit 2 and panel 1000 and keeps relative quiescent condition, thereby accomplish smoothly under the condition of not stopping the transmission deciding to panel 1000, the broadside cutting can go on simultaneously and each other do not influence with deciding, reach the effect to panel high-efficient processing.
Further, this embodiment has set up dust removal unit 3 respectively in broadside cutting department with decide the work department, and the dust that produces when two departments cut is collected by dust removal unit 3 and is handled to reduce the dust loss pollution.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 4, the efficient dust-free plate cutter of the present embodiment is further improved on the basis of embodiment 1, and the dust removal unit 3 at the broadside cutting unit 6 includes a broadside cutting dust removal cover 34, which is symmetrically arranged above and below the transportation roller table 4 to wrap the broadside cutting position; the wide-edge cutting dust removal cover 34 is provided with a wide-edge cutting dust removal air hole 340, and the wide-edge cutting dust removal air hole 340 is communicated with a dust removal air pipe.
Through the broadside cutting dust excluding hood 34 that sets up from top to bottom of symmetry formula, can wrap up broadside cutting department from top to bottom completely, the dust that produces when carrying out the broadside cutting can be collected by broadside cutting dust excluding hood 34, further set up broadside cutting department dust removal wind hole 340 on broadside cutting dust excluding hood 34, the dust removal tuber pipe and this wind hole intercommunication of workshop dust remover 2000 (like the sack cleaner) that will set up usually in the workshop, as shown in figure 5, from this, the dust that is collected by broadside cutting dust excluding hood 34 all can be taken out by the dust removal tuber pipe through broadside cutting department dust removal wind hole 340 and get rid of, can not have the dust escape to the workshop in broadside cutting process, reach the effect of this department dustless cutting.
Example 3
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, the high-efficiency dust-free cutter for sheet material of the present embodiment is further improved on the basis of embodiment 2, and the dust removing unit 3 at the cutting table 1 includes:
the guide support frame 30 is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the cutting workbench 1 and is arranged above the saw blade cutting opening 10;
the dust removal pressure cover 31 is a hollow cover body with an opening at the bottom and is arranged right above the saw blade cutting opening 10, and the dust removal pressure cover 31 is movably connected with the guide support frame 30 and vertically moves up and down under the limit of the guide support frame 30;
the dust removal pressure cover driving mechanism 32 is fixedly connected to the guide support frame 30 and drives the dust removal pressure cover 31 to move;
the end of the dust removing pressure cover 31 is provided with an upper dust removing air hole 310 communicated with the dust removing air pipe.
Further, as shown in fig. 8 and 9, the cutting unit 2 includes:
the cutting mechanism 20 is a saw blade driven by a motor and is arranged right below the saw blade cutting opening 10, and the cutting mechanism 20 penetrates through the saw blade cutting opening 10 to cut the plate 4;
a traversing mechanism 21, which is connected with the cutting mechanism 20 in a transmission way and drives the cutting mechanism 20 to cut along the blade cutting opening 10
And a cutting elevating mechanism 22 which is connected with the cutting mechanism 20 in a transmission manner and drives the cutting mechanism 20 to move up and down.
The cutting mechanism 20 of this embodiment is the saw bit structure when conventional panel cutting, sideslip mechanism 21 comprises the guided way and the moving motor with saw bit cutting opening 10 syntropy, moving motor and the driven connection of cutting mechanism 20, the moving motor can remove along the direction of guided way after starting, drive cutting mechanism 20 syntropy from this and remove, and then make the saw bit cut panel 1000 along the direction of saw bit cutting opening 10, it is the cylinder structure to decide elevating system 22, the telescopic link is connected with the guided way driven of sideslip mechanism 21, the lift of the cutting mechanism 20 who is connected with the driven connection of sideslip mechanism 21 is controlled through the lift of control guided way, with the saw bit of cutting mechanism 20 that drops when panel 1000 has cut and has removed, make things convenient for panel 1000 to pass through smoothly from cutting table 1 upper surface.
To solve the problem that a guide support frame 30 of the present embodiment is disposed above a saw blade cutting opening 10, and mainly functions as a guide dust-removing pressure cover 31 and a support dust-removing pressure cover driving mechanism 32, the dust-removing pressure cover 31 is movably connected in a limiting path formed by the guide support frame 30 and can only move vertically and vertically right above the saw blade cutting opening 10, the dust-removing pressure cover driving mechanism 32 of the present embodiment is a cylinder and is fixed at the top of the guide support frame 30, and a telescopic rod of the dust-removing pressure cover driving mechanism is fixedly connected with the top of the dust-removing pressure cover 31 to control the lifting of the dust-removing pressure cover 31, dust removal pressure cover 31 is bottom open-ended hollow structure, when carrying out the panel cutting, can directly fall and compress tightly on panel 1000, and seal the parcel completely with 10 upper portion spaces of saw bit cutting seam, the raise dust of top is then held in dust removal pressure cover 31 during the saw bit cutting, dust removal wind hole 310 and the dust removal tuber pipe intercommunication in the workshop have been seted up to the tip of dust removal pressure cover 31 to this embodiment, these raise dusts are followed dust removal wind hole 310 by the dust removal tuber pipe and are sucked out, the dust remover unified dust removal that often can arrange in the workshop is finally transmitted and is handled.
Dust removal pressure cover 31 in this embodiment dust removal unit 3 can be when pressing tightly panel 1000 and ensure to decide the cutting effect, totally enclosed saw bit cutting opening 10 top space, collect the whole collection of dust of 10 top losses of panel, the dust removal wind hole 310 of cover 31 side is pressed in the dust removal finally is removed dust by workshop dust removal tuber pipe suction, collect the compressing tightly fixed establishment of panel, dust removal mechanism function in an organic whole, can carry out effectual dust removal to the cutting department when practicing thrift mechanism occupation space greatly, greatly reduced the condition that the in-process dust loss was decided to panel, reach the dustless effect of deciding.
Example 4
As shown in fig. 9, the efficient dust-free cutting device for boards of this embodiment is further improved from embodiment 3, and the dust removing unit 3 at the cutting table 1 further includes a lower dust removing cover 33, which is a hollow cover body, and the saw blade is half-wrapped from below the cutting mechanism 20.
Dust may also appear below the saw blade cutting opening 10 when the plate material 1000 is cut, although the cutting blade does not scatter so much above the blade cutting opening 10, and the scattering space is limited below the cutting table 1, the influence on the workshop environment is not great, but the dust below can bring trouble to the smooth operation of the cleaning and cutting unit 2, therefore, the dust removing unit 3 of the embodiment is also provided with a lower dust removing cover 33, the shape of the cutting device is the same as that of an arc cover arranged on the saw blade, the lower half part of the saw blade is wrapped by half from the lower part of the cutting mechanism 20, the upper half part needs to extend out of the cutting opening 10 of the saw blade for cutting, so that the wrapping is not needed, in the cutting process, dust that appears below saw bit cut edge 10 can get into under the influence of saw bit cutting direction inertia in the scope of dust excluding hood 33 parcel down, avoided below dust loss influence from this decide unit 2 operation and increase and clean the degree of difficulty.
Example 5
As shown in fig. 5 and 9, the efficient dust-free cutter for sheet material of this embodiment is further improved from embodiment 4, and a lower dust removing air hole 330 is opened at one side of the lower dust removing cover 33 and is communicated with the dust removing air pipe.
Lateral wall and the dust removal tuber pipe intercommunication of dust excluding hood 33 will be down, the dust that produces in saw bit cutting opening 10 below gets into can be siphoned away by the dust removal tuber pipe behind dust excluding air hole 330 down after dust excluding hood 33, the time of cleaning below saw bit cutting opening 10 has been saved from this, the dust removal pressure cover 31 of cooperation saw bit cutting opening 10 top, reach and decide the dustless operation of in-process, the workshop environment has been ensured, and the setting of each component of dust removal unit 3 need not to occupy too much space, can not influence the arrangement and the operation of other equipment.
Example 6
As shown in fig. 10 and fig. 11, the efficient dust-free cutting device for plates of this embodiment is further improved on the basis of embodiment 5, an elastic cushion 311 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the dust removing pressure cover 31, and a bypass notch is formed on the elastic cushion 311 at a position corresponding to the saw blade cutting opening 10.
Through setting up elastic cushion layer 311, prevent to remove dust and press cover 31 bottom and panel 1000 rigid contact when compressing tightly panel 1000 on the one hand, damage panel 1000 surface influence follow-up appearance quality, on the other hand elastic cushion layer 311 can ensure to push down the back and panel 1000 between the leakproofness, with fully prevent the dust escape, set up the saw bit that dodges the notch and dodge the cutting in-process and remove, also reduced the dust removal simultaneously and pressed cover 31 bottom opening size, prevent too much dust whereabouts to panel 1000 surface and be difficult to by the suction of dust removal tuber pipe.
Example 7
The efficient dust-free plate cutter is further improved on the basis of the embodiment 6, and the width of an escape notch in the elastic cushion layer 311 is 3-6 mm greater than the width of a saw blade of the cutting mechanism 20.
The width of dodging the notch is greater than saw bit width 3 ~ 6mm, can minimize the width of dodging the notch under the prerequisite that does not influence the smooth removal of cutting process saw bit, guarantees the leakproofness from this and reduces the dust and fall to 1000 surfaces of panel, and convenient dust removal operation is gone on, improves the dust removal effect, and through experimental analysis, when the width of control dodging the notch is greater than cutting mechanism 20 saw bit width 3 ~ 6mm, the effect is best.
Example 8
As shown in fig. 10 and 11, the efficient dust-free cutter for sheet material of this embodiment is further improved from embodiment 7, and both ends of the dust removing pressure hood 31 are provided with dust removing air holes 310 communicated with the dust removing air pipe.
Both ends are provided with dust removal air holes 310 which are communicated with dust removal air pipes, so that the dust removal effect is further enhanced.
Example 9
As shown in fig. 5, 6 and 7, the efficient dust-free plate cutter of the present embodiment is further improved based on embodiment 8, wherein an extension roller 11 is fixedly connected to an end of the cutting table 1 far from the transportation roller 4, and is arranged in the same direction as the transportation roller 4.
Decide the completion back, workstation actuating mechanism 51 needs the drive to decide workstation 1 and returns initial position promptly with the position of transportation roll table 4 end contact, this moment under the effort behind the panel 1000 butt on transportation roll table 4, the part panel 1000 of being decided can remove along the direction of keeping away from transportation roll table 4 for deciding workstation 1, set up extension roll table 11 and can prevent that the panel 1000 of deciding from dropping, and can lead panel 1000 to get into the finished product smoothly and collect the station, reach the purpose of automatic unloading.
The examples described herein are merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention and do not limit the spirit and scope of the present invention, and various modifications and improvements made to the technical solutions of the present invention by those skilled in the art without departing from the design concept of the present invention shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An efficient dust-free cutter for plates comprises,
a transport roller table (4) which transports the board (1000) to be cut;
the cutting workbench (1) is arranged in front of the end part of the conveying roller way (4) and bears a plate (1000) to be cut conveyed from the conveying roller way (4), and a saw blade cutting opening (10) penetrates in the width direction of the cutting workbench (1);
the cutting unit (2) is arranged below the cutting workbench (1), and a saw blade of the cutting unit (2) penetrates through the saw blade cutting opening (10) to cut the plate (1000);
it is characterized by also comprising:
the fixing frame (5) is arranged on two sides of the cutting workbench (1), a conveying guide rail (50) is arranged on the fixing frame (5) along the conveying direction of the plate (1000), and the cutting workbench (1) is movably connected to the conveying guide rail (50);
the worktable driving mechanism (51) is arranged on the fixed frame (5), is in transmission connection with the cutting worktable (1) and drives the cutting worktable (1) to move along the conveying guide rail (50); and
the wide-edge cutting unit (6) is arranged on the conveying roller way (4) and comprises a wide-edge cutting saw blade driving motor (60) fixed on one side of the conveying roller way (4) and a wide-edge cutting saw blade (61) which is in transmission connection with the wide-edge cutting saw blade driving motor (60) and is arranged at the wide-edge cutting position of the plate (1000); and
and a dust removal unit (3) which is respectively arranged at the cutting worktable (1) and the broadside cutting unit (6) and collects and removes dust generated during cutting.
2. A high efficiency dust free cutter for sheet material as claimed in claim 1 wherein: the dust removal unit (3) at the wide-edge cutting unit (6) comprises a wide-edge cutting dust removal cover (34) which is symmetrically arranged above and below the conveying roller way (4) and wraps the wide-edge cutting part; and the broadside cutting dust removal cover (34) is provided with a broadside cutting dust removal air hole (340), and the broadside cutting dust removal air hole (340) is communicated with a dust removal air pipe.
3. A high-efficiency dust-free cutter for plates as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the dust removing unit (3) at the cutting table (1) comprises:
the guide support frame (30) is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the cutting workbench (1) and is arranged above the saw blade cutting opening (10);
the dust removal pressure cover (31) is a hollow cover body with an opening at the bottom and is arranged right above the saw blade cutting opening (10), and the dust removal pressure cover (31) is movably connected with the guide support frame (30) and vertically moves up and down under the limit of the guide support frame (30);
the dust removal pressure cover driving mechanism (32) is fixedly connected to the guide support frame (30) and drives the dust removal pressure cover (31) to move;
the end part of the dust removing pressure cover (31) is provided with an upper dust removing air hole (310) which is communicated with the dust removing air pipe.
4. A high efficiency dust free cutter for sheet material as claimed in claim 3 wherein: decide dust removal unit (3) of workstation (1) department and still include dust excluding hood (33) down, it is the cavity cover body, from cutting mechanism (20) below with the half parcel of saw bit.
5. A high efficiency dust free cutter for sheet material as claimed in claim 4 wherein: one side of the lower dust removing cover (33) is provided with a lower dust removing air hole (330) which is communicated with the dust removing air pipe.
6. A high efficiency dust free cutter for sheet material as claimed in claim 3 wherein: the bottom of the dust removal pressure cover (31) is fixedly connected with an elastic cushion layer (311), and an avoidance notch is formed in the position, corresponding to the saw blade cutting opening (10), of the elastic cushion layer (311).
7. A high efficiency dust free cutter for sheet material as claimed in claim 6 wherein: the width of an avoiding notch on the elastic cushion layer (311) is 3-6 mm greater than the width of a saw blade of the cutting mechanism (20).
8. A high efficiency dust free cutter for sheet material as claimed in claim 7 wherein: and the two end parts of the dust removing pressure cover (31) are respectively provided with an upper dust removing air hole (310) communicated with the dust removing air pipe.
9. A high efficiency dust free cutter for sheet material as claimed in claim 1 wherein: decide tip fixedly connected with extension roll table (11) that workstation (1) kept away from transportation roll table (4), it arranges with transportation roll table (4) syntropy.
10. A high efficiency dust free cutter for sheet material as claimed in claim 1 wherein: the cutting unit (2) includes:
the cutting mechanism (20) is a saw blade driven by a motor and is arranged right below the saw blade cutting opening (10), and the cutting mechanism (20) penetrates through the saw blade cutting opening (10) to cut the plate (4);
the transverse moving mechanism (21) is in transmission connection with the cutting mechanism (20) and drives the cutting mechanism (20) to move along the direction of the saw blade cutting opening (10);
and the cutting lifting mechanism (22) is in transmission connection with the cutting mechanism (20) and drives the cutting mechanism (20) to move up and down.
CN202010458959.5A 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 Efficient dustless cutter for plates Withdrawn CN111483015A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010458959.5A CN111483015A (en) 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 Efficient dustless cutter for plates

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010458959.5A CN111483015A (en) 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 Efficient dustless cutter for plates

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111483015A true CN111483015A (en) 2020-08-04

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010458959.5A Withdrawn CN111483015A (en) 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 Efficient dustless cutter for plates

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111483015A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112536839A (en) * 2020-10-30 2021-03-23 浙江松华新材股份有限公司 Polytetrafluoroethylene panel deburring device
CN112621530A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-04-09 杭州职业技术学院 Automatic change cutting equipment
CN113370312A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-09-10 和能人居科技(天津)集团股份有限公司 A dustproof facilities and cut saw for cutting saw

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112621530A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-04-09 杭州职业技术学院 Automatic change cutting equipment
CN112536839A (en) * 2020-10-30 2021-03-23 浙江松华新材股份有限公司 Polytetrafluoroethylene panel deburring device
CN113370312A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-09-10 和能人居科技(天津)集团股份有限公司 A dustproof facilities and cut saw for cutting saw

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