CN111482653B - Automatic cutting and processing system for bridge-cut-off aluminum alloy - Google Patents

Automatic cutting and processing system for bridge-cut-off aluminum alloy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111482653B
CN111482653B CN202010316106.8A CN202010316106A CN111482653B CN 111482653 B CN111482653 B CN 111482653B CN 202010316106 A CN202010316106 A CN 202010316106A CN 111482653 B CN111482653 B CN 111482653B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
aluminum alloy
cutting machine
workbench
bridge
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202010316106.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111482653A (en
Inventor
何淑敏
李晨
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Nantong Ronglida Aluminum Co ltd
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Nantong Ronglida Aluminum Co ltd
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Publication of CN111482653A publication Critical patent/CN111482653A/en
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Publication of CN111482653B publication Critical patent/CN111482653B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D49/00Machines or devices for sawing with straight reciprocating saw blades, e.g. hacksaws
    • B23D49/002Machines or devices for sawing with straight reciprocating saw blades, e.g. hacksaws with means to attach the sawing device to the work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D51/00Sawing machines or sawing devices working with straight blades, characterised only by constructional features of particular parts; Carrying or attaching means for tools, covered by this subclass, which are connected to a carrier at both ends
    • B23D51/005Devices for moving the tool to the workpiece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D51/00Sawing machines or sawing devices working with straight blades, characterised only by constructional features of particular parts; Carrying or attaching means for tools, covered by this subclass, which are connected to a carrier at both ends
    • B23D51/04Sawing machines or sawing devices working with straight blades, characterised only by constructional features of particular parts; Carrying or attaching means for tools, covered by this subclass, which are connected to a carrier at both ends of devices for feeding, positioning, clamping, or rotating work
    • B23D51/043Sawing machines or sawing devices working with straight blades, characterised only by constructional features of particular parts; Carrying or attaching means for tools, covered by this subclass, which are connected to a carrier at both ends of devices for feeding, positioning, clamping, or rotating work for conveying work to, or discharging work from, the machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D51/00Sawing machines or sawing devices working with straight blades, characterised only by constructional features of particular parts; Carrying or attaching means for tools, covered by this subclass, which are connected to a carrier at both ends
    • B23D51/16Sawing machines or sawing devices working with straight blades, characterised only by constructional features of particular parts; Carrying or attaching means for tools, covered by this subclass, which are connected to a carrier at both ends of drives or feed mechanisms for straight tools, e.g. saw blades, or bows

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic cutting and processing system for bridge-cut-off aluminum alloy, which relates to the technical field of machining and comprises a workbench which is horizontally fixed, wherein supporting legs which are erected at the bottom end of the workbench are arranged at the bottom end of the workbench, fixing frames are symmetrically arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the workbench, through holes which are communicated downwards are formed in the middle of the top ends of the fixing frames on the two sides, a cutting machine is arranged in the middle of the top end of the workbench, downward-erected side supporting rods are symmetrically arranged on the front side and the rear side of the bottom end of the cutting machine, and the side supporting rods on the two sides penetrate through the through holes of the fixing frames. According to the invention, the shaftless roller is arranged in the cutting machine, two ends of the shaftless roller drive the two cutting sheets to do reciprocating swing below the cutting machine through the second pin rods which are arranged in a staggered mode, and the aluminum alloy surface is rapidly cut through the two cutting sheets which swing in a reciprocating mode, so that the cutting efficiency of the aluminum alloy is improved.

Description

Automatic cutting and processing system for bridge-cut-off aluminum alloy
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machining, in particular to an automatic cutting and machining system for bridge-cut aluminum alloy.
Background
The broken bridge aluminum alloy window is an improved type which is pushed out on the basis of the old aluminum alloy window in order to improve the heat preservation performance of the window and door. The principle of the broken bridge type aluminum alloy window is that an indoor layer and an outdoor layer of aluminum alloy are separated and tightly connected into a whole by utilizing PA66 nylon to form a novel heat-insulation aluminum section.
Currently, patent No. CN201810750344.2 discloses an environment-friendly aluminum alloy cutting device, which comprises a platform, a protection box, a regeneration box, a cutting mechanism and four support columns, wherein a pushing mechanism is arranged on the protection box, the regeneration mechanism is arranged in the regeneration box, the cutting mechanism comprises a first motor, a turntable, a belt, a rotating shaft and a cutting disc, the pushing mechanism comprises a second motor, a lead screw, a nut, a scraper and a protection tank, the regeneration mechanism comprises a stirring unit, a cleaning unit and a compression unit, the stirring unit comprises a third motor, a mixing box and a plurality of blades, the environment-friendly aluminum alloy cutting device can prevent aluminum scraps and splashes generated during cutting from splashing around through the pushing mechanism and the protection box, not only can prevent the splashes from splashing on the body of a worker to cause the worker injury, but also can ensure that the environment in a workshop is clean and tidy, and not only through the regeneration mechanism, the aluminum alloy cutting equipment can collect aluminum scraps and splashes and clean the aluminum scraps and the splashes.
The aluminum alloy cutting disclosed by the patent still has some defects in practical use, and the specific defects are as follows:
at present, in the process of cutting and machining of the bridge-cut aluminum alloy, due to the fact that the production amount of the aluminum alloy is large, the bridge-cut aluminum alloy needs to be cut quickly, in order to guarantee that the size of each bridge-cut aluminum alloy after cutting is the same, automatic continuous equidistant quick cutting is needed on the bridge-cut aluminum alloy, and the cutting efficiency of the environment-friendly aluminum alloy cutting equipment disclosed by the patent is low.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention aims to provide an automatic cutting and processing system for bridge-cut aluminum alloy, which solves the technical problem that the efficiency of cutting the bridge-cut aluminum alloy is low in the existing cutting and processing process of the bridge-cut aluminum alloy.
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is realized by adopting the following technical scheme: an automatic cutting and processing system for broken bridge aluminum alloy comprises a workbench which is horizontally fixed, wherein supporting legs which are erected at the bottom end of the workbench are arranged at the bottom end of the workbench, fixing frames are symmetrically arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the workbench, through holes which are communicated downwards are formed in the middle of the top end of the fixing frames on two sides, a cutting machine is arranged at the middle of the top end of the workbench, downward upright side supporting rods are symmetrically arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the bottom end of the cutting machine on two sides, the side supporting rods on two sides penetrate through the through holes of the fixing frames in a sliding fit mode and extend out to the bottom end of the workbench, a pull rod is hinged to the bottom end of the side supporting rod which extends out to the bottom end of the workbench, a first protruding pin rod is arranged at the bottom end of the pull rod, a, the top end of an output shaft of the first motor is provided with a driving wheel, the front end surface of the driving wheel is provided with a special-shaped groove with an annular structure, and a first pin rod at the bottom end of the pull rod is embedded into the special-shaped groove of the driving wheel in a sliding fit manner;
the middle part of the top end of the workbench is provided with a abdicating groove, the top end of the workbench is provided with a workpiece fixing box, the workpiece fixing box is arranged below the cutting machine at the top end of the workbench, the workpiece fixing box and the cutting machine are vertically staggered in space, and the left end and the right end of the workpiece fixing box are provided with through aluminum alloy walkways;
the workpiece fixing box comprises a conveying belt which rotates in a circulating mode, the conveying belt is arranged at the bottom end of an aluminum alloy walkway, a plurality of clamping jaws which are fixed at equal intervals are symmetrically arranged on the front side and the rear side of the outer wall of the conveying belt, spring grooves are symmetrically formed in the inner side walls of the clamping jaws corresponding to the two sides of the conveying belt, movable blocks are embedded in the spring grooves in a sliding fit mode, and springs are arranged at the bottom ends of the movable blocks embedded in the spring grooves;
the conveying belt is characterized in that two ends of the conveying belt inner ring are respectively provided with a roller, one roller of the conveying belt inner ring is provided with a gear, the conveying belt inner ring close to the gear is provided with an incomplete gear, and the incomplete gear is meshed with the gear.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the cutting machine comprises a shaftless roller and a abdicating hole, a transmission case is arranged in the cutting machine, the shaftless roller is arranged in the transmission case in the cutting machine, ring grooves with a circular ring structure are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the shaftless roller, second pin rods are arranged at two ends of the shaftless roller and are arranged at two ends of the shaftless roller in a staggered manner, at least three support rods are arranged on the inner wall of the transmission case of the cutting machine at equal intervals along the shaftless roller, a roller is arranged at the top end of each support rod, and the roller is embedded in the ring grooves of the shaftless roller in a sliding fit manner;
the abdicating hole is formed in the bottom end of the cutting machine and is communicated with a transmission case in the cutting machine, two guide holes are formed in one side of the inner wall of the abdicating hole, two cutting piece bottom plates are installed on the inner wall of the abdicating hole in a sliding fit mode, one end of each cutting piece bottom plate is embedded into the corresponding guide hole in a sliding fit mode, a saw-toothed cutting piece is arranged at the bottom end of each cutting piece bottom plate, and the cutting pieces penetrate through the abdicating hole and extend out to the bottom end of the cutting machine;
the other end of the cutting blade bottom plate extends into two ends of the shaftless roller respectively, each cutting blade bottom plate is provided with a cross frame at the top end, a sliding groove is formed in the middle of the cross frame, and second pin rods at two ends of the shaftless roller are embedded into the corresponding sliding grooves in a sliding fit mode.
As a preferable technical solution of the present invention, gear teeth are disposed on an outer circumferential surface of the shaftless roller, a gear is disposed on an inner wall of the transmission case adjacent to the shaftless roller, the gear is engaged with the gear teeth of the shaftless roller, a second motor is mounted on a right side wall of the cutting machine, and the gear is mounted on a top end of an output shaft of the second motor.
As a preferable technical scheme of the invention, a plurality of compression springs which are distributed at equal intervals are arranged at the bottom end of the cutting machine, the plurality of compression springs which are distributed at equal intervals are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the cutting blade, and a compression foot is fixed at the bottom end of each compression spring at each side.
As a preferable technical scheme of the invention, the middle part of the pull rod is provided with an adjusting bolt, and the adjusting bolt is a bidirectional screw rod with threads arranged at two ends.
As a preferable technical scheme of the invention, the top end of the movable block is provided with an inclined plane.
Compared with the prior art, the invention at least comprises the following beneficial effects:
the invention firstly, a first motor is arranged at the bottom end of a workbench, a driving wheel is driven to rotate by the first motor, a cutting machine above the workbench is driven to swing downwards intermittently and reciprocally by a special-shaped groove arranged on the front end surface of the driving wheel, the cutting machine is driven by the special-shaped groove to stay longer above the workbench, the cutting machine moves downwards rapidly when cutting downwards, a bridge-cut aluminum alloy fixed below the cutting machine is cut off rapidly, a workpiece fixing box is arranged at the top end of the workbench, a conveying belt rotating circularly is arranged in an aluminum alloy walkway of the workpiece fixing box, the bridge-cut aluminum alloy is clamped and fixed by a clamping jaw on the conveying belt, the conveying belt drives the bridge-cut aluminum alloy to move equidistantly and intermittently below the cutting machine by an incomplete gear driving gear, and the conveying belt drives the bridge-cut aluminum alloy to move equidistantly and intermittently to match, and carrying out automatic continuous equidistant rapid cutting on the bridge-cut aluminum alloy on the workbench.
The movable blocks are symmetrically arranged on the inner side walls of the clamping jaws corresponding to the two sides, the movable blocks can elastically float on the inner side walls of the clamping jaws corresponding to the two sides through springs, the bridge-cut aluminum alloy in the middle of the clamping jaws at the two sides is clamped and fixed through elastic supports of the movable blocks at the two sides, and when the bridge-cut aluminum alloy moves to the left end portion of the conveying belt through elastic floating of the movable blocks, the clamping jaws rotate circumferentially along the roller at the left end of the conveying belt to separate the bridge-cut aluminum alloy from the clamping jaws, so that the cut bridge-cut aluminum alloy is separated from the conveying belt, and automatic cutting of the bridge-cut aluminum alloy is completed.
And the two ends of the shaftless roller drive the two cutting sheets to do reciprocating swing below the cutting machine through the second pin rods which are arranged in a staggered mode, and the surface of the aluminum alloy is quickly cut through the two cutting sheets which swing in a reciprocating mode, so that the cutting efficiency of the aluminum alloy is improved.
The two ends of the shaftless roller are respectively embedded into the ring grooves at the two ends of the shaftless roller through three rollers which are distributed at equal intervals to support the shaftless roller, so that the axis of the shaftless roller does rotary motion under the condition of no shaft lever support, the second pin levers at the two ends of the shaftless roller are convenient for driving the transverse frame to do reciprocating swing at the two ends of the shaftless roller, the shaft lever at the axis of the shaftless roller generates motion interference on the transverse frame in the process that the second pin levers rotate at the two ends of the shaftless roller, and the reciprocating swing of the two cutting sheets at the bottom end of the cutting machine is more stable.
According to the cutting machine, the pressing foot is arranged at the bottom end of the cutting machine and supported by the spring, so that the bridge-cut aluminum alloy on the periphery of the cutting piece is pressed and fixed by the pressing foot in the process that the cutting piece in the middle of the cutting machine descends downwards and is cut, the bridge-cut aluminum alloy is firmly and reliably fixed below the cutting machine in the process that the cutting piece cuts downwards, the cutting accuracy of the cutting piece is improved, and the phenomenon that the cutting piece is broken teeth due to sliding of the bridge-cut aluminum alloy in the cutting process of the cutting piece is avoided.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an automatic bridge-cutoff aluminum alloy cutting and processing system according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional front view of the conveyor belt of the present invention installed in a workpiece holding box;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the structure in the direction A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic left-side sectional view of the conveyor belt of the present invention installed in a workpiece fixture box;
FIG. 5 is a schematic left side view of the cutting machine of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic top view of the cutting machine of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a front sectional view of the cutting machine of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of an operation object of the automatic bridge-cutoff aluminum alloy cutting and processing system of the invention;
in the figure: 1. the cutting machine comprises a workbench, 2, supporting legs, 3, a first motor support, 4, a first motor, 5, a driving wheel, 6, a profiled groove, 7, a first pin rod, 8, an adjusting bolt, 9, a pull rod, 10, a cutting machine support, 11, a fixing frame, 12, a side supporting rod, 13, a cutting machine, 1301, a rolling shaft, 1302, a supporting rod, 1303, a shaftless roller, 1304, a ring groove, 1305, a gear, 1306, a cross frame, 1307, a second pin rod, 1308, a sliding groove, 1309, a guide hole, 1310, a abdicating hole, 1311, a cutting piece bottom plate, 14, a second motor, 15, a cutting piece, 16, a workpiece fixing box, 17, a conveying belt, 18, a clamping jaw, 1801, a spring groove, 1802, a spring, 1803, a movable block, 1804, a gear, 1805, an incomplete gear, 19, a compression spring, 20, a compression foot, 21, an abdicating groove, 22 and an aluminum alloy walkway.
Detailed Description
The embodiments of the invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings, but the invention can be implemented in many different ways as defined and covered by the claims.
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further explained below by combining the specific drawings.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "secured to" another element, it can be on the other element or intervening elements may also be present. When an element is referred to as being "connected" to another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present. The terms "vertical," "horizontal," "left," "right," and similar expressions are used herein for illustrative purposes only and do not represent the only embodiments.
Please refer to fig. 1-8, which are schematic diagrams illustrating an overall structure of an automatic cutting and processing system for bridge-cut aluminum alloy;
an automatic cutting and processing system for bridge-cut aluminum alloy comprises a workbench 1 which is horizontally fixed, supporting legs 2 which are erected at the bottom end of the workbench 1 are arranged at the bottom end of the workbench 1, fixing frames 11 are symmetrically arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the workbench 1, through holes which are communicated downwards are formed in the middle of the top ends of the fixing frames 11 on the two sides, a cutting machine 13 is arranged at the middle of the top end of the workbench 1, downward upright side supporting rods 12 are symmetrically arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the bottom end of the cutting machine 13, the side supporting rods 12 on the two sides penetrate through the through holes of the fixing frames 11 in a sliding fit mode and extend out towards the bottom end of the workbench 1, a pull rod 9 is hinged at the bottom end of the side supporting rod 12 which extends out towards the bottom end of the workbench 1, a raised first pin rod 7 is arranged at the bottom end of the pull, a driving wheel 5 is mounted at the top end of an output shaft of the first motor 4, a special-shaped groove 6 with an annular structure is formed in the front end face of the driving wheel 5, and a first pin rod 7 at the bottom end of a pull rod 9 is embedded into the special-shaped groove 6 of the driving wheel 5 in a sliding fit mode;
wherein, the pull rod 9 is equipped with two altogether, and the mid-mounting of two pull rods 9 has adjusting bolt 8, and adjusting bolt 8 sets up the screwed two-way screw rod for both ends, and adjusting bolt 8's both ends are stretched in the screwed hole at pull rod 9 both ends through threaded connection, are convenient for adjust the distance between two pull rods 9 through adjusting bolt 8, reach the initial height and the descending height of adjusting cutting machine 13.
The middle part of the top end of the workbench 1 is provided with a abdicating groove 21, the top end of the workbench 1 is provided with a workpiece fixing box 16, the workpiece fixing box 16 is arranged below the cutting machine 13 at the top end of the workbench 1, the workpiece fixing box 16 and the cutting machine 13 are vertically staggered in space, and the left end and the right end of the workpiece fixing box 16 are provided with through aluminum alloy walkways 22;
the workpiece fixing box 16 comprises a conveying belt 17 which rotates in a circulating mode, the conveying belt 17 is arranged at the bottom end of an aluminum alloy walkway 22, a plurality of clamping jaws 18 which are fixed at equal intervals are symmetrically arranged on the front side and the rear side of the outer wall of the conveying belt 17, spring grooves 1801 are symmetrically formed in the inner side walls of the clamping jaws 18 corresponding to the two sides, movable blocks 1803 are embedded in the spring grooves 1801 in a sliding fit mode, and springs 1802 are mounted at the bottom ends of the movable blocks 1803 embedded in the spring grooves 1801;
the movable blocks 1803 are symmetrically arranged on the inner side walls of the clamping jaws 18 corresponding to the two sides, the movable blocks 1803 can elastically float on the inner side walls of the clamping jaws 18 corresponding to the two sides through the springs 1802, the bridge-cut aluminum alloy in the middle of the clamping jaws 18 at the two sides is clamped and fixed through elastic support of the movable blocks 1803 at the two sides, and when the bridge-cut aluminum alloy moves to the left end of the conveying belt 17 through elastic floating of the movable blocks 1803, the clamping jaws 18 rotate around the roller at the left end of the conveying belt 17 to separate the bridge-cut aluminum alloy from the clamping jaws 18, so that the cut bridge-cut aluminum alloy is separated from the conveying belt 17, and automatic cutting of the bridge-cut aluminum alloy is completed.
The two ends of the inner ring of the conveying belt 17 are respectively provided with a roller, one roller of the inner ring of the conveying belt 17 is provided with a gear 1804, the inner ring of the conveying belt 17 close to the gear 1804 is provided with an incomplete gear 1805, the incomplete gear 1805 is meshed with the gear 1804, the incomplete gear 1805 is arranged on an independent first motor, and the first motor is arranged in the inner ring of the conveying belt 17.
The bottom end of a workbench 1 is provided with a first motor 4, the first motor 4 drives a driving wheel 5 to rotate, a special-shaped groove 6 arranged on the front end face of the driving wheel 5 drives a cutting machine 13 above the workbench 1 to swing downwards intermittently in a reciprocating manner, the special-shaped groove drives the cutting machine 13 to stay above the workbench 1 for a long time, the cutting machine 13 moves downwards quickly when cutting downwards to cut off bridge-cut aluminum alloy fixed below the cutting machine 13, a workpiece fixing box 16 is arranged on the top end of the workbench 1, a conveying belt 17 which rotates circularly is arranged in an aluminum alloy walkway 22 of the workpiece fixing box 16, the bridge-cut aluminum alloy clamps and fixes the aluminum alloy through a clamping jaw 18 on the conveying belt 17, and the driving gear 1804 rotates intermittently at equal intervals through an incomplete gear 1805, so that the conveying belt 17 drives the bridge-cut aluminum alloy to move intermittently at equal intervals below the cutting machine 13, the bridge-cut aluminum alloy on the worktable 1 is automatically, continuously and rapidly cut at equal intervals by matching with the reciprocating lifting movement of the cutting machine 13.
The cutting machine 13 comprises a shaftless roller 1303 and a abdicating hole 1310, a transmission case is arranged inside the cutting machine 13, the shaftless roller 1303 is arranged in the transmission case inside the cutting machine 13, ring grooves 1304 with a circular ring structure are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the shaftless roller 1303, second pin rods 1307 are arranged at two ends of the shaftless roller 1303, the second pin rods 1307 are arranged at two ends of the shaftless roller 1303 in a staggered manner, the second pin rods 1307 are arranged in the rings of the ring grooves 1304 at two ends of the shaftless roller 1303, at least three support rods 1302 are arranged on the inner wall of the transmission case of the cutting machine 13 at equal intervals along the shaftless roller 1303, a roller 1301 is arranged at the top end of each support rod 1302, and the roller 1301 is embedded in the ring grooves 1304 of the shaftless roller 1303 in;
the rolling shaft 1301 is embedded into the rolling groove 1304 in a sliding fit mode, and the rolling shaft 1301 embedded into the rolling groove 1304 rolls in the rolling groove 1304 through the rolling bearing on the surface, so that the rolling stability of the shaftless roller 1303 is improved.
According to the invention, the shaftless roller 1303 is arranged in the cutting machine 13, two ends of the shaftless roller 1303 drive the two cutting blades 15 to do reciprocating swing below the cutting machine 13 through the second pin rods 1307 which are arranged in a staggered manner, and the surface of the aluminum alloy is rapidly cut through the two cutting blades 15 which swing in a reciprocating manner, so that the cutting efficiency of the aluminum alloy is improved.
Wherein, two cutting pieces 15 of reciprocating swing cut off the in-process to the aluminum alloy, cutting piece 15 has certain sharpness, and bridge cut-off aluminum alloy structure is thinner, is favorable to the quick operation of cutting off to the aluminum alloy through cutting piece 15 of reciprocating swing.
The abdicating hole 1310 is formed in the bottom end of the cutting machine 13, the abdicating hole 1310 is communicated with a transmission case inside the cutting machine 13, two guide holes 1309 are formed in one side of the inner wall of the abdicating hole 1310, two cutting blade bottom plates 1311 are installed on the inner wall of the abdicating hole 1310 in a sliding fit manner, one ends of the two cutting blade bottom plates 1311 are embedded into the corresponding guide holes 1309 in a sliding fit manner, a saw-toothed cutting blade 15 is arranged at the bottom end of each cutting blade bottom plate 1311, and the cutting blade 15 penetrates through the abdicating hole 1310 and extends out of the bottom end of the cutting machine 13;
the other ends of the two cutting blade base plates 1311 extend into two ends of the shaftless roller 1303 respectively, a transverse frame 1306 is arranged at the top end of each cutting blade base plate 1311, a sliding groove 1308 is formed in the middle of the transverse frame 1306, and second pin rods 1307 at two ends of the shaftless roller 1303 are embedded into the sliding grooves 1308 of the corresponding transverse frame 1306 in a sliding fit mode.
In the invention, two ends of the shaftless roller 1303 are respectively embedded into the annular grooves 1304 at two ends of the shaftless roller 1303 through three rollers 1301 which are distributed at equal intervals, so that the shaftless roller 1303 is supported, the axis of the shaftless roller 1303 does rotary motion under the condition of no shaft support, the second pin 1307 at two ends of the shaftless roller 1303 drives the transverse frame 1306 to do reciprocating swing at two ends of the shaftless roller 1303, and the shaft lever at the axis of the shaftless roller 1303 generates motion interference on the transverse frame 1306 in the process that the second pin 1307 rotates at two ends of the shaftless roller 1303, so that the reciprocating swing of the two cutting blades 15 at the bottom end of the cutting machine 13 is more stable.
The outer circular surface of the shaftless roller 1303 is provided with gear teeth, the inner wall of the transmission case near the shaftless roller 1303 is provided with a gear 1305, the gear 1305 is meshed with the gear teeth of the shaftless roller 1303, the right side wall of the cutting machine 13 is provided with a second motor 14, and the gear 1305 is arranged at the top end of an output shaft of the second motor 14.
The bottom end of the cutting machine 13 is provided with a plurality of compression springs 19 distributed at equal intervals, the compression springs 19 distributed at equal intervals are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the cutting blade 15, and the bottom ends of the compression springs 19 on each side are fixed with compression feet 20.
According to the cutting device, the pressing foot 20 is arranged at the bottom end of the cutting machine 13, and the pressing foot 20 is supported by the pressing spring 19, so that the bridge-cut aluminum alloy on the periphery of the cutting piece 15 is pressed and fixed by the pressing foot 20 in the process that the cutting piece 15 in the middle of the cutting machine 13 descends downwards and is cut, the bridge-cut aluminum alloy is firmly and reliably fixed below the cutting machine 13 in the process that the cutting piece 15 cuts downwards, the cutting accuracy of the cutting piece 15 is improved, and the phenomenon that the bridge-cut aluminum alloy slides to cause tooth breakage of the cutting piece 15 in the cutting process of the cutting piece 15 is avoided.
The top end of the movable block 1803 is provided with an inclined surface. Be convenient for install the bridge cut-off aluminum alloy in clamping jaw 18 middle part, when making the bridge cut-off aluminum alloy put in at the right-hand member of conveyer belt 17 through the inclined plane, promote movable block 1803 through the inclined plane and to the inside wall indentation of clamping jaw 18, make movable block 1803 give way and press from both sides the bridge cut-off aluminum alloy tight fixedly.
The working principle is as follows: when the automatic cutting and processing system for the bridge-cut aluminum alloy is used, firstly, the bridge-cut aluminum alloy is installed from the right side of an aluminum alloy walkway 22, in the installation process, the bridge-cut aluminum alloy is clamped on the clamping jaws 18 of the conveying belt 17, the bridge-cut aluminum alloy in the middle of the clamping jaws 18 on the two sides is clamped and fixed through the elastic support of the movable blocks 1803 on the two sides, the driving gear 1804 is driven by the incomplete gear 1805 to rotate intermittently at equal intervals, so that the conveying belt 17 drives the bridge-cut aluminum alloy to move intermittently at equal intervals below the cutting machine 13, the bridge-cut aluminum alloy on the worktable 1 is automatically, continuously and quickly cut at equal intervals in a matched manner of reciprocating lifting movement of the cutting machine 13, wherein in the cutting process, the cutting machine 13 is provided with the pressing foot 20 at the bottom end of the cutting machine 13, and the pressing foot 20 is supported by the pressing spring 19, so that the cutting piece 15 in the middle, compress tightly fixedly through compressing tightly foot 20 with the peripheral bridge cut-off aluminum alloy of cutting piece 15, make the in-process of cutting piece 15 downcutting, the bridge cut-off aluminum alloy is fixed firm reliable in cutting machine 13 below, improves the cutting precision of cutting piece 15, avoids cutting piece 15 in the cutting process, and the bridge cut-off aluminum alloy produces the slip, causes the phenomenon that cutting piece 15 bursts the tooth.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are given by way of illustration of the principles of the present invention, and that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides an automatic cutting process system of bridge cut-off aluminum alloy, is including being the fixed workstation of level, its characterized in that: the bottom of the workbench is provided with supporting legs which are upright at the bottom of the workbench, the front side wall and the rear side wall of the workbench are symmetrically provided with fixed frames, the middle parts of the top ends of the fixed frames at two sides are provided with through holes which are communicated downwards, the middle part of the top end of the workbench is provided with a cutting machine, the front side wall and the rear side wall of the bottom end of the cutting machine are symmetrically provided with side supporting rods which are upright downwards, the side supporting rods at two sides penetrate through the through holes of the fixed frames in a sliding fit mode and extend out to the bottom end of the workbench, the bottom end of the side supporting rod which extends out to the bottom end of the workbench is hinged with a pull rod, the bottom end of the pull rod is provided with a first protruding pin rod, the middle part of the supporting leg of the workbench is fixedly provided with a first motor support, the top end of the first, the first pin rod at the bottom end of the pull rod is embedded into the special-shaped groove of the driving wheel in a sliding fit mode;
the middle part of the top end of the workbench is provided with a abdication groove, the top end of the workbench is provided with a workpiece fixing box, the workpiece fixing box is arranged below the cutting machine at the top end of the workbench, and the left end and the right end of the workpiece fixing box are provided with through aluminum alloy walkways;
the workpiece fixing box comprises a conveying belt which rotates in a circulating mode, the conveying belt is arranged at the bottom end of an aluminum alloy walkway, a plurality of clamping jaws which are fixed at equal intervals are symmetrically arranged on the front side and the rear side of the outer wall of the conveying belt, spring grooves are symmetrically formed in the inner side walls of the clamping jaws corresponding to the two sides of the conveying belt, movable blocks are embedded in the spring grooves in a sliding fit mode, and springs are arranged at the bottom ends of the movable blocks embedded in the spring grooves;
the conveying belt is characterized in that two ends of the conveying belt inner ring are respectively provided with a roller, one roller of the conveying belt inner ring is provided with a gear, the conveying belt inner ring close to the gear is provided with an incomplete gear, and the incomplete gear is meshed with the gear.
2. The automatic cutting and processing system for bridge-cut aluminum alloy according to claim 1, characterized in that: the cutting machine comprises a shaftless roller and a abdicating hole, a transmission case is arranged in the cutting machine, the shaftless roller is arranged in the transmission case in the cutting machine, annular grooves with a circular structure are symmetrically formed in two ends of the shaftless roller, second pin rods are arranged at two ends of the shaftless roller and are arranged at two ends of the shaftless roller in a staggered mode, at least three support rods are arranged on the inner wall of the transmission case of the cutting machine at equal intervals along the shaftless roller, a roller is arranged at the top end of each support rod, and the rollers are embedded in the annular grooves of the shaftless roller in a sliding fit mode;
the abdicating hole is formed in the bottom end of the cutting machine and is communicated with a transmission case in the cutting machine, two guide holes are formed in one side of the inner wall of the abdicating hole, two cutting piece bottom plates are installed on the inner wall of the abdicating hole in a sliding fit mode, one end of each cutting piece bottom plate is embedded into the corresponding guide hole in a sliding fit mode, a saw-toothed cutting piece is arranged at the bottom end of each cutting piece bottom plate, and the cutting pieces penetrate through the abdicating hole and extend out to the bottom end of the cutting machine;
the other end of the cutting blade bottom plate extends into two ends of the shaftless roller respectively, each cutting blade bottom plate is provided with a cross frame at the top end, a sliding groove is formed in the middle of the cross frame, and second pin rods at two ends of the shaftless roller are embedded into the corresponding sliding grooves in a sliding fit mode.
3. The automatic cutting and processing system for bridge-cut aluminum alloy according to claim 2, characterized in that: gear teeth are arranged on the outer circular surface of the shaftless roller, a gear is arranged on the inner wall of the transmission case close to the position near the shaftless roller, the gear is meshed with the gear teeth of the shaftless roller and is connected with the right side wall of the cutting machine, and the gear is arranged at the top end of an output shaft of the second motor.
4. The automatic cutting and processing system for bridge-cut aluminum alloy according to claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom of cutting machine is provided with the hold-down spring of a plurality of equidistant distribution, and the hold-down spring symmetry of a plurality of equidistant distribution sets up in the both sides of cutting piece, a plurality of on each side hold-down spring's bottom mounting has the foot that compresses tightly.
5. The automatic cutting and processing system for bridge-cut aluminum alloy according to claim 1, characterized in that: the middle part of the pull rod is provided with an adjusting bolt which is a two-way screw with threads at both ends.
6. The automatic cutting and processing system for bridge-cut aluminum alloy according to claim 1, characterized in that: the top end of the movable block is provided with an inclined plane.
CN202010316106.8A 2020-04-21 2020-04-21 Automatic cutting and processing system for bridge-cut-off aluminum alloy Expired - Fee Related CN111482653B (en)

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