CN111438498A - Square tube column production line and production process - Google Patents

Square tube column production line and production process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111438498A
CN111438498A CN202010376981.5A CN202010376981A CN111438498A CN 111438498 A CN111438498 A CN 111438498A CN 202010376981 A CN202010376981 A CN 202010376981A CN 111438498 A CN111438498 A CN 111438498A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tubular column
positioning
square tubular
movable
square
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Pending
Application number
CN202010376981.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
易书云
易仕桂
陆照俊
周越华
殷科
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Suzhou Guangcai Steel Warehouse Co ltd
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Suzhou Guangcai Steel Warehouse Co ltd
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Application filed by Suzhou Guangcai Steel Warehouse Co ltd filed Critical Suzhou Guangcai Steel Warehouse Co ltd
Priority to CN202010376981.5A priority Critical patent/CN111438498A/en
Publication of CN111438498A publication Critical patent/CN111438498A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P15/00Making specific metal objects by operations not covered by a single other subclass or a group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/02Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element
    • B23K37/0252Steering means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/0426Fixtures for other work
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
    • E04C3/32Columns; Pillars; Struts of metal

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Optics & Photonics (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Butt Welding And Welding Of Specific Article (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a square tubular column production line and a production process, wherein the square tubular column production line comprises the following components: the overturning chamfering mechanism is used for realizing chamfering of two ends of the square tubular column; the tongue plate assembling mechanism is used for inserting and fixing tongue plates at two ends of the square tubular column; the bracket assembling mechanism is used for positioning and installing a bracket and a flange on the square pipe column; the fusion penetration welding mechanism is used for realizing full welding of each component on the square pipe column; the overturning chamfering mechanism, the tongue plate assembling mechanism, the bracket assembling mechanism and the fusion penetration welding mechanism are sequentially arranged to form a full-automatic continuous production line. Compared with the prior art, the production line and the production process of the square tubular column realize full-automatic production of the square tubular column, completely subvert the discontinuous production mode of the original square tubular column in sections, greatly improve the production efficiency and the product quality, greatly save manpower, material resources, energy resources and fields, and greatly reduce unsafe factors among the working procedures.

Description

Square tube column production line and production process
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of integrated steel processing, in particular to a square tubular column production line and a production process.
Background
The steel structure is a very main structure type in modern buildings, has the advantages of high strength, light dead weight, good rigidity, strong toughness and the like, and is widely applied. At present, the square tubular column is mainly assembled and produced by a mechanical method with low manual or semi-automatic degree, and the component logistics in the production process are all discontinuous manual operation hoisting methods, so that the square tubular column has the adverse factors of low production efficiency, high labor cost, unstable product quality and the like, and the adverse factors become the main bottleneck in the production process of the integrated steel residential products; thus, a solution is urgently needed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems that the conventional square tubular column mainly adopts a mechanical assembly and production method with low manual or semi-automatic degree, and the component logistics in the production process are discontinuous manual operation hoisting methods, so that the production efficiency is low, the labor cost is high, and the product quality is unstable.
The purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a square tubular column production line, comprising:
the overturning chamfering mechanism is used for realizing chamfering of two ends of the square tubular column;
the tongue plate assembling mechanism is used for inserting and fixing tongue plates at two ends of the square tubular column;
the bracket assembling mechanism is used for positioning and installing a bracket and a flange on the square pipe column;
the fusion penetration welding mechanism is used for realizing full welding of each component on the square pipe column;
the overturning chamfering mechanism, the tongue plate assembling mechanism, the bracket assembling mechanism and the fusion penetration welding mechanism are sequentially arranged to form a full-automatic continuous production line.
As a preferred scheme of the present invention, the turnover chamfering mechanism includes a chamfering base, at least 2 first movable turning frames and 2 chamfering robots, the 2 chamfering robots are distributed at two ends of the chamfering base, the first movable turning frames are movably connected to the chamfering base along the square tubular column transfer direction, and the first movable turning frames can drive the square tubular column to turn.
As a preferred scheme of the invention, the tongue plate assembly mechanism comprises a tongue plate assembly seat, at least 2 second movable roll-over frames, a tongue plate welding robot and tongue plate positioning devices arranged at two end heads of the tongue plate assembly seat, wherein the second movable roll-over frames can be movably connected to the tongue plate assembly seat along the square tubular column transfer direction, and can drive the square tubular column to turn over.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, the tongue plate positioning device includes a moving seat, a support plate, and a magnetic positioning plate for adsorbing the tongue plate, the magnetic positioning plate is of a square structure, the magnetic positioning plate is fixed on the support plate, the support plate is connected to the support plate in a manner of being capable of moving up and down, the support is fixed on the moving seat, and the moving seat is capable of moving along a square tubular column moving direction.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, the first movable roll-over stand and the second movable roll-over stand have the same structure, and specifically include a first outer frame, a first rotating frame and a clamping and conveying device, the first outer frame is rotatably assembled with the first rotating frame, the first rotating frame is driven by a first roll-over driving device to rotate, the first rotating frame is provided with a through slot for a square tubular column to pass through, the clamping and conveying device includes a first clamping roller set and a second clamping roller set, the first clamping roller set includes a first fixed roller and a first movable roller, the first fixed roller is parallel to the first movable roller, the first movable roller can move relative to the first fixed roller to approach or separate from the first fixed roller, the second clamping roller set includes a second fixed roller and a second movable roller, the second fixed roller is parallel to the second movable roller, the second movable roller is movable relative to the second fixed roller to approach or depart from the second fixed roller; under the operating condition, the first fixed roller, the first movable roller, the second fixed roller and the second movable roller are arranged in a square shape.
As a preferable scheme of the invention, the bracket assembling mechanism comprises a bracket assembling seat, at least 2 third movable roll-over stands, a bracket welding robot and a bracket positioning device for positioning the position of the bracket, wherein the third movable roll-over stands can be movably connected to the bracket assembling seat along the transferring direction of the square tubular column, and the third movable roll-over stands can drive the square tubular column to turn over.
As a preferable proposal of the invention, the bracket positioning device comprises a base, a support seat and a support arm, the support saddle can move left and right and is connected to the base, the support arm can move up and down and is connected to the support saddle, and the supporting arm is provided with a positioning seat which can move back and forth, the positioning seat is provided with a positioning component for positioning the bracket, the positioning component comprises a first positioning arm and a second positioning arm, the first positioning arm is perpendicular to the second positioning arm, and the first positioning arm and the second positioning arm are matched to form a positioning notch with a downward opening, a first positioning block for positioning is arranged on the side end surface of the first positioning arm, a second positioning block for positioning is arranged on the side end surface of the second positioning arm, the first positioning block protrudes out of the side end face of the first positioning arm, and the second positioning block protrudes out of the side end face of the second positioning arm.
As a preferred aspect of the present invention, the fusion welding mechanism includes a fusion welding base, at least 2 fourth movable turning frames and a fusion welding robot, the fourth movable turning frames are movably connected to the fusion welding base along the square tubular column transfer direction, and the fourth movable turning frames can drive the square tubular column to turn.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, the third movable roll-over stand and the fourth movable roll-over stand have the same structure, and specifically include a second outer frame, a second rotating stand and a clamping assembly, the second outer frame can be rotatably assembled with the second rotating stand, the second rotating stand is driven by a second roll-over driving device to rotate, the second rotating stand is provided with an opening, the clamping assembly includes a supporting plate and a pressing plate located inside the opening, the supporting plate and the pressing plate are oppositely disposed, the pressing plate can be movably connected to the second rotating stand so as to be close to or far away from the supporting plate, and a pressing groove adapted to an angle of the square pipe column is formed on an end surface of the pressing plate adjacent to one end of the supporting plate.
The square tubular column production process adopting the square tubular column production line comprises the following steps:
a. chamfering the two ends of the opposite tubular column;
b. inserting tongue plates at two ends of the square tubular column and fixing the tongue plates in a spot welding manner;
c. spot welding brackets and flanges on the square pipe column in a positioning manner;
d. and carrying out full welding on the other tubular column.
Compared with the prior art, the production line and the production process of the square tubular column have the advantages that full-automatic production of the square tubular column is realized, the original discontinuous production mode of the square tubular column in sections is completely overturned, the production efficiency and the product quality are greatly improved, a large amount of manpower, material resources, energy and fields are saved, and unsafe factors among working procedures are reduced to a great extent.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a square tubular column production line according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the reverse chamfering mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a tongue plate positioning device of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a tongue plate assembling mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a first movable roll-over stand and a second movable roll-over stand;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a bracket assembly mechanism;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a corbel positioning device;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a penetration welding mechanism;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a third movable roll-over stand and a fourth movable roll-over stand.
In the figure:
1. a turnover chamfering mechanism; 2. a tongue plate assembling mechanism; 3. a bracket assembly mechanism; 4. a fusion penetration welding mechanism; 5. a transition roller conveying line;
101. chamfering the base; 102. a first movable roll-over stand;
201. a movable seat; 202. a support; 203. a magnetic positioning plate; 204. a support plate; 205. jacking a cylinder; 206. a moving cylinder; 207. a tongue plate assembly seat; 208. a second movable roll-over stand; 209. a tongue plate positioning device;
301. a bracket assembly seat; 302. a third movable roll-over stand; 303. a bracket welding robot; 304. a bracket positioning device; 305. a base; 306. a support; 307. a support arm; 308. positioning seats; 309. a first positioning arm; 310. a second positioning arm; 311. a positioning notch; 312. a first positioning block; 313. a second positioning block; 314. a first motor; 315. a first gear; 316. a first guide rail; 317. a first slider; 318. a second rack; 319. a second motor; 320. a second gear; 321. a screw rod; 322. a third motor;
401. a fusion-through weld seat; 402. a fourth movable roll-over stand; 403. a penetration welding robot;
501. a first outer frame; 502. a first rotating frame; 503. a through groove; 504. a first fixed roller; 505. a first movable roller; 506. a second fixed roller; 507. a second movable roller; 508. a reduction motor; 509. a movable seat; 510. a travel bar; 511. a cylinder block; 512. a movable cylinder; 513. a linear guide rail; 514. a limiting block; 515. a first drive motor; 516. a first transmission arc rack; 517. a first support wheel; 518. a first limit wheel;
601. a second outer frame; 602. a second rotating frame; 603. an opening; 604. a support plate; 605. pressing a plate; 606. a pressing cylinder; 607. a second drive motor; 608. a second transmission arc rack; 609. a second support wheel; 610. a second limiting wheel.
Detailed Description
To facilitate an understanding of the invention, the invention will now be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings. Preferred embodiments of the present invention are shown in the drawings. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete. It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "connected" to another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present. Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The terminology used in the description of the invention herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
Referring to fig. 1 to 9, fig. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a square tubular column production line according to the present invention; FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the reverse chamfering mechanism according to the present invention; FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a tongue plate positioning device of the present invention; FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a tongue plate assembling mechanism of the present invention; FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a first movable roll-over stand and a second movable roll-over stand; FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a bracket assembly mechanism; FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a corbel positioning device; FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a penetration welding mechanism; fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a third movable roll-over stand and a fourth movable roll-over stand.
In this embodiment, a square tubular column production line includes:
the overturning chamfering mechanism 1 is used for chamfering two ends of the square tubular column;
the tongue plate assembling mechanism 2 is used for inserting and fixing tongue plates at two ends of the square tubular column;
the bracket assembling mechanism 3 is used for positioning and installing brackets and flanges on the square pipe column;
the fusion penetration welding mechanism 4 is used for realizing full welding of each component on the square pipe column;
a transition roller conveying line 5 is arranged between the tongue plate assembling mechanism 2 and the bracket assembling mechanism 3;
the overturning chamfering mechanism 1, the tongue plate assembling mechanism 2, the bracket assembling mechanism 3, the transition roller conveying line 5 and the fusion penetration welding mechanism 4 are sequentially arranged to form a full-automatic continuous production line.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the turnover chamfering mechanism 1 includes a chamfering base 101, 2 first movable turning frames 102 and 2 chamfering robots (not shown in the figure), the 2 chamfering robots are distributed at two ends of the chamfering base 101, the first movable turning frames 102 can be connected to the chamfering base 101 along the moving direction of the square tubular column, and the first movable turning frames 102 can drive the square tubular column to turn.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the tongue plate assembly mechanism 2 includes a tongue plate assembly seat 207, 2 second movable roll-over stands 208, a tongue plate welding robot, and tongue plate positioning devices 209 disposed at two end heads of the tongue plate assembly seat 207, the second movable roll-over stands 208 are movably connected to the tongue plate assembly seat 207 along a square tubular column transfer direction, the second movable roll-over stands 208 can drive the square tubular column to turn over, the tongue plate positioning devices 209 include a moving seat 201, a support 202, a support plate 204, and a magnetic positioning plate 203 for adsorbing the tongue plate, the support 202 is a portal frame so that the square tubular column can pass through the support 202 when the support plate 204 is located at a bottom end, the magnetic positioning plate 203 is a square structure, the magnetic positioning plate 203 is fixed on the support plate 204, the support plate 204 is driven by a jacking cylinder 205 to move up and down, and the support plate 204 can be slidably connected to the support 202 in an up-down manner, the support 202 is fixed on the movable base 201, and the movable base 201 is driven by a movable cylinder 206 to move along the transfer direction of the square tubular column.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the first movable roll-over stand 102, the second movable roll-over stand 208 are structurally the same, and specifically include first outer frame 501, first roll-over stand 502 and clamping conveying device, the first outer frame 501 can be rotationally equipped with first roll-over stand 502, and first roll-over stand 502 is driven to rotate by a first roll-over driving device, first roll-over driving device includes first driving motor 515, first driving gear and first transmission circular arc rack 516, first driving motor 515 fixed mounting in on the first outer frame 501, first driving gear is fixed in on the output shaft of first driving motor 515, first transmission circular arc rack 516 is fixed in on the outer lane of first roll-over stand 502, first driving gear with first transmission circular arc rack 516 meshes mutually, first outer frame 501 is as the support positioning seat of first roll-over stand 502 set up in the bottom of first roll-over stand 502, the first outer frame 501 comprises a first arc frame and a second arc frame, the first arc frame and the second arc frame are arranged in parallel at intervals, the first arc frame is fixedly connected with the second arc frame, the first arc frame and the second arc frame are correspondingly provided with a plurality of first supporting wheels 517, each first supporting wheel 517 is provided with a first limiting wheel 518 in a matching manner, two sides of the outer ring of the first rotating frame 502 are respectively arranged between the first supporting wheels 517 and the first limiting wheels 518, the first rotating frame 502 is provided with a through groove 503 for a square pipe column to pass through, the through groove 503 is of a square structure, the clamping and conveying device comprises a first clamping roller group and a second clamping roller group, the first clamping roller group comprises a first fixed roller 504 and a first movable roller 505, and the first fixed roller 504 is parallel to the first movable roller 505, the first movable roller 505 can move relative to the first fixed roller 504 to be close to or far from the first fixed roller 504, the second clamping roller group comprises a second fixed roller 506 and a second movable roller 507, the second fixed roller 506 is parallel to the second movable roller 507, the second movable roller 507 can move relative to the second fixed roller 506 to be close to or far from the second fixed roller 506, and the first fixed roller 504, the first movable roller 505, the second fixed roller 506 and the second movable roller 507 are all provided with independent speed reduction motors 508 to realize rotation so as to drive the square pipe column to move; in an operating state, the first fixed roller 504, the first movable roller 505, the second fixed roller 506, and the second movable roller 507 are arranged in a square shape.
Further, the first movable roller 505 and the second movable roller 507 are both fixed on a movable seat 509, the movable seat 509 is connected with a movable rod 510, an air cylinder seat 511 is fixedly mounted on the first rotating frame 502, a movable air cylinder 512 is hinged on the air cylinder seat 511, and an output end of the movable air cylinder 512 is hinged to one end of the movable rod 510; in an initial state, the moving rod 510 is horizontally disposed, the first rotating frame 502 is vertically disposed with a linear guide 513, and the movable seat 509 is fixed with a linear slider slidably engaged with the linear guide 513.
In order to limit the moving distance between the first movable roller 505 and the second movable roller 507, in this embodiment, a limit block 514 is installed on the first rotating frame 502, a limit groove is formed in the middle of the moving rod 510, the limit block 514 is located in the limit groove, and the length of the limit groove in the vertical direction is greater than the length of the limit block 514 in the vertical direction.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the bracket assembly mechanism 3 includes a bracket assembly base 301, 2 third movable roll-over stands 302, a bracket welding robot 303 and a bracket positioning device 304 for positioning the position of the bracket, the third movable roll-over stand 302 can move along the square tubular column transfer direction and connect to the bracket assembly base 301, and the third movable roll-over stand 302 can drive the square tubular column to turn over, the bracket positioning device 304 includes a base 305, a support 306 and a support arm 307, the support 306 can move left and right connect to the base 305, the support arm 307 can move up and down connect to the support 306, and the support 307 can move back and forth and install a positioning seat 308, the positioning seat 308 is installed with a positioning component for positioning the bracket, the positioning component includes a first positioning arm 309 and a second positioning arm 310, the first positioning arm 309 is perpendicular to the second positioning arm 310, the first positioning arm 309 and the second positioning arm 310 are matched to form a positioning notch 311 with a downward opening, a first positioning block 312 for positioning is arranged on a side end surface of the first positioning arm 309, a second positioning block 313 for positioning is arranged on a side end surface of the second positioning arm 310, the first positioning block 312 protrudes out of a side end surface of the first positioning arm 309, and the second positioning block 313 protrudes out of a side end surface of the second positioning arm 310.
Further, a first rack is arranged on the support 306 along the up-down direction, a first motor 314 and a first speed reducer are mounted on the support arm 307, an output shaft of the first motor 314 is in transmission connection with an input shaft of the first speed reducer, a first gear 315 meshed with the first rack is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the first speed reducer, a first guide rail 316 is arranged on the support 306 along the up-down direction, and a first slider 317 in sliding fit with the first guide rail 316 is fixedly connected to the support arm 307; a second rack 318 is arranged on the base 305 along the left-right direction, a second motor 319 and a second speed reducer are mounted on the support 306, an output shaft of the second motor 319 is in transmission connection with an input shaft of the second speed reducer, a second gear 320 meshed with the second rack 318 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the second speed reducer, a second guide rail is arranged on the base 305 along the left-right direction, and a second sliding block in sliding fit with the second guide rail is fixedly connected to the support 306; the lead screw 321 is arranged on the support arm 307 along the front-back direction, the lead screw 321 is driven to rotate by the third motor 322, a lead screw nut is fixedly connected to the positioning seat 308, the lead screw nut is in threaded connection with the lead screw 321, a third guide rail is arranged on the support arm 307 along the front-back direction, and a third sliding block in sliding fit with the third guide rail is fixedly connected to the positioning seat 308.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the fusion welding mechanism 4 includes a fusion welding base 401, 2 fourth movable roll-over stands 402 and a fusion welding robot 403, the fourth movable roll-over stand 402 can move along the square tubular column transfer direction and connect to the fusion welding base 401, and the fourth movable roll-over stand 402 can drive the square tubular column to turn over.
Further, the third movable roll-over stand 302 and the fourth movable roll-over stand 402 have the same structure, and specifically include a second outer frame 601, a second rotating stand 602 and a clamping assembly, the second outer frame 601 can be assembled with the second rotating stand 602 in a rotatable manner, and the second rotating stand 602 is driven to rotate by a second roll-over driving device, the second roll-over driving device includes a second driving motor 607, a second driving gear and a second transmission arc rack 608, the second driving motor 607 is fixedly mounted on the second outer frame 601, the second driving gear is fixed on an output shaft of the second driving motor 607, the second transmission arc rack 608 is fixed on an outer ring of the second rotating stand 602, the second driving gear is engaged with the second transmission arc rack 608, the second outer frame 601 is arranged at the bottom of the second rotating stand 602 as a supporting and positioning seat of the second rotating stand 602, the second outer frame 601 comprises a third arc frame and a fourth arc frame, the third arc frame and the fourth arc frame are arranged in parallel at intervals, the third arc frame is fixedly connected with the fourth arc frame, the third arc frame and the fourth arc frame are correspondingly provided with a plurality of second supporting wheels 609, each second supporting wheel 609 is provided with a second limiting wheel 610, two sides of the outer ring of the second rotating frame 602 are respectively arranged between the second supporting wheels 609 and the second limiting wheels 610, the second rotating frame 602 is provided with an opening 603, the clamping assembly comprises a supporting plate 604 and a pressing plate 605 which are positioned inside the opening 603, the supporting plate 604 and the pressing plate 605 are arranged oppositely, the pressing plate 605 is driven by a pressing cylinder 606 and is movably connected to the second rotating frame 602 so as to be close to or far away from the supporting plate 604, the end surface of the pressing plate 605 adjacent to one end of the supporting plate 604 is provided with a pressing groove matched with the angle of the square pipe column.
Because the volume of installation bracket rear tubular column can change, consequently, can't adopt the structural style of first activity roll-over stand 102 to fix the upset, need adopt the structural style of third activity roll-over stand 302, set up opening 603 on second rotating stand 602 so that the square tubular column shifts out promptly, and the transfer of the square tubular column between transition roller transfer chain 5 and bracket assembly devices 3, the transfer of the square tubular column between bracket assembly devices 3 and fusion penetration welding mechanism 4 all is transferred by the driving hoist and mount.
When the device works, a square pipe column is conveyed by a front end conveying line and penetrates through the through groove 503 on the first rotating frame 502, in the process of conveying through the through groove 503, the first movable roller 505 is in a state of being far away from the first fixed roller 504, the second movable roller 507 is in a state of being far away from the second fixed roller 506, then the movable air cylinder 512 drives the movable rod 510 to move downwards, so that the first movable roller 505 and the second movable roller 507 move downwards, clamping of the square pipe column is realized, then, the first driving motor 515 is started, the first rotating frame 502 is driven to rotate through the first driving gear and the first transmission arc rack 516 to turn over to match with a chamfering robot to perform chamfering operation, after the chamfering operation is completed, the movable air cylinder 512 drives the movable rod 510 to reset, the square pipe column is conveyed into the assembling mechanism 2, and is driven by the 2 second movable turnover frames 208 of the tongue plate assembling mechanism 2 to move, specifically, since the second movable roll-over stand 208 can move on the tongue plate assembly seat 207, as long as 1 second movable roll-over stand 208 is in a loose state, and the other second movable roll-over stand 208 is in a tight state, so that a square tubular column can be pulled to move on the tongue plate assembly seat 207, in this embodiment, the first fixed roller 504, the first movable roller 505, the second fixed roller 506, and the second movable roller 507 are all provided with independent speed reduction motors 508, so that the transfer capability can be greatly improved, after the square tubular column is transferred in place, the tongue plate is mounted on the magnetic positioning plate 203, the jacking cylinder 205 drives the support plate 204 to move in place, the moving cylinder 206 drives the moving seat 201 to move towards the square tubular column so that the tongue plate adsorbed on the magnetic positioning plate 203 is inserted into the square tubular column, and then, the tongue plate welding robot performs spot welding to realize reliable connection between the tongue plate and the square tubular column; after the tongue plate is assembled, the square tubular column is transferred to enter the transition roller conveying line 5 through the 2 second movable roll-over frames 208, then the square tubular column on the transition roller conveying line 5 is transferred to the opening 603 of the third movable roll-over frame 302 through the traveling crane, at the moment, the pressing air cylinder 606 drives the pressing plate 605 to move downwards to press the square tubular column tightly, then, the electric cylinder drives the third movable roll-over frame 302 to move on the bracket assembling seat 301 to drive the square tubular column to move until the end head of one end of the square tubular column abuts against the limit stop at the front end, then, the bracket positioning device 304 starts to work, the second motor 319 drives the support seat 306 to move to a specified position in the left-right direction, the first motor 314 drives the support arm 307 to move upwards, then, the third motor 322 drives the positioning seat 308 to move backwards to the position right above the square tubular column, then, the first motor 314 drives the support arm 307 to move downwards until the inner side surface of the first positioning arm 309 abuts against the inclined surface, and the inner side of the second positioning arm 310 abuts against the inclined plane at the rear side of the square column, at this time, a bracket can be installed, because the first positioning block 312 protrudes out of the side end surface of the first positioning arm 309, the second positioning block 313 protrudes out of the side end surface of the second positioning arm 310, and the positions of the first positioning block 312 and the second positioning block 313 are designed according to the installation position of the bracket, when the bracket is installed on the inclined plane at the front side of the square column, the inner side of the bracket presses on the square column, one side of the bracket in the left-right direction abuts against the side end surface of the first positioning arm 309, one end of the bracket abuts against the first positioning block 312 in the front-back direction, when the bracket is installed on the inclined plane at the rear side of the square column, the inner side of the bracket presses on the square column, one side of the bracket in the left-right direction abuts against the side end surface of the second positioning arm 310, and one end of the bracket abuts against the second positioning block 313 in the front-back direction, after the bracket is positioned, spot welding is carried out through the bracket welding robot 303, fixing of the bracket is achieved, then the second motor 319 drives the support 306 to move in the left-right direction to the next position for installing the bracket, after all the brackets are installed, installation flanges are arranged at the end portions of the square tubular columns, then the pressing plate 605 of the third movable turnover frame 302 moves upwards to be loosened, the square tubular columns are hung into the opening 603 of the fourth movable turnover frame 402 through a travelling crane, then the pressing cylinder 606 drives the pressing plate 605 to move downwards to press the square tubular columns, the second driving motor 607 is started, the second driving gear and the second transmission arc rack 608 are used for driving the second rotating frame 602 to turn over, full welding is carried out through the penetration welding robot 403 during turning over, and after full welding is completed, machining and production of the whole square tubular columns are completed.
The embodiment also discloses a square tubular column production process adopting the square tubular column production line, which comprises the following steps:
a. chamfering the two ends of the opposite tubular column;
b. inserting tongue plates at two ends of the square tubular column and fixing the tongue plates in a spot welding manner;
c. spot welding brackets and flanges on the square pipe column in a positioning manner;
d. and carrying out full welding on the other tubular column.
The production line and the production process of the square tubular column realize full-automatic production of the square tubular column, completely subvert the discontinuous production mode of the original square tubular column in sections, greatly improve the production efficiency and the product quality, greatly save manpower, material resources, energy resources and fields, and greatly reduce unsafe factors among the working procedures.
The foregoing embodiments are merely illustrative of the principles and features of this invention, which is not limited to the above-described embodiments, but rather is susceptible to various changes and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which changes and modifications are within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a square tubular column production line which characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
the overturning chamfering mechanism is used for realizing chamfering of two ends of the square tubular column;
the tongue plate assembling mechanism is used for inserting and fixing tongue plates at two ends of the square tubular column;
the bracket assembling mechanism is used for positioning and installing a bracket and a flange on the square pipe column;
the fusion penetration welding mechanism is used for realizing full welding of each component on the square pipe column;
the overturning chamfering mechanism, the tongue plate assembling mechanism, the bracket assembling mechanism and the fusion penetration welding mechanism are sequentially arranged to form a full-automatic continuous production line.
2. The square tubular column production line of claim 1, wherein: upset chamfer mechanism includes chamfer base, 2 at least first activity roll-over stands and 2 chamfering robot, 2 chamfering robot distribute in the both ends of chamfer base, first activity roll-over stand can follow square tubular column transfer direction remove connect in on the chamfer base, just first activity roll-over stand can drive the upset of square tubular column.
3. The square tubular column production line of claim 2, wherein: the tongue plate assembly mechanism comprises a tongue plate assembly seat, at least 2 second movable turning frames, a tongue plate welding robot and tongue plate positioning devices arranged at the two end heads of the tongue plate assembly seat, wherein the second movable turning frames can be movably connected to the tongue plate assembly seat along the square tubular column transfer direction, and can drive the square tubular column to turn.
4. The square tubular column production line of claim 3, wherein: the tongue plate positioning device comprises a moving seat, a support plate and a magnetic positioning plate for adsorbing the tongue plate, wherein the magnetic positioning plate is of a square structure and is fixed on the support plate, the support plate is connected to the support plate in a vertically movable mode, the support is fixed on the moving seat, and the moving seat can move along the moving direction of the square tubular column.
5. The square tubular column production line of claim 4, wherein: the first movable roll-over stand and the second movable roll-over stand have the same structure and specifically comprise a first outer frame, a first rotating stand and a clamping and conveying device, the first outer frame is rotatably assembled with the first rotating stand, and the first rotating frame is driven by a first overturning driving device to rotate, a through groove for a square pipe column to pass through is formed on the first rotating frame, the clamping and conveying device comprises a first clamping roller set and a second clamping roller set, the first clamping roller set comprises a first fixed roller and a first movable roller, the first fixed roller is parallel to the first movable roller, the first movable roller can move relative to the first fixed roller to be close to or far away from the first fixed roller, the second clamping roller group comprises a second fixed roller and a second movable roller, the second fixed roller is parallel to the second movable roller, the second movable roller is movable relative to the second fixed roller to approach or depart from the second fixed roller; under the operating condition, the first fixed roller, the first movable roller, the second fixed roller and the second movable roller are arranged in a square shape.
6. The square tubular column production line according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein: bracket assembly devices includes bracket assembly seat, 2 at least third activity roll-over stands, bracket welding robot and is used for fixing a position the bracket positioner of bracket position, the connection that the square tubular column transfer direction removed can be followed to the third activity roll-over stand on the bracket assembly seat, just the third activity roll-over stand can drive the upset of square tubular column.
7. The square tubular column production line of claim 6, wherein: the bracket positioning device comprises a base, a support and a support arm, the support can move left and right and is connected to the base, the support arm can move up and down and is connected to the support, and the supporting arm is provided with a positioning seat which can move back and forth, the positioning seat is provided with a positioning component for positioning the bracket, the positioning component comprises a first positioning arm and a second positioning arm, the first positioning arm is perpendicular to the second positioning arm, and the first positioning arm and the second positioning arm are matched to form a positioning notch with a downward opening, a first positioning block for positioning is arranged on the side end surface of the first positioning arm, a second positioning block for positioning is arranged on the side end surface of the second positioning arm, the first positioning block protrudes out of the side end face of the first positioning arm, and the second positioning block protrudes out of the side end face of the second positioning arm.
8. The square tubular column production line of claim 7, wherein: the fusion welding mechanism comprises a fusion welding seat, at least 2 fourth movable turning frames and a fusion welding robot, wherein the fourth movable turning frames can move along the square tubular column transfer direction and are connected to the fusion welding seat, and the fourth movable turning frames can drive the square tubular column to turn.
9. The square tubular column production line of claim 8, wherein: the third activity roll-over stand the fourth activity roll-over stand structure is the same to specifically include second outer frame, second rotating turret and clamping component, the second outer frame can be equipped with the second rotating turret with rotating, just the second rotating turret is rotatory by second upset drive arrangement drive, be provided with the opening on the second rotating turret, clamping component is including lieing in inside backup pad and the clamp plate of opening, the backup pad the clamp plate sets up relatively, just the clamp plate can remove connect in order to be close to or keep away from on the second rotating turret the backup pad, the clamp plate is close to open on the terminal surface of backup pad one end have with the indent of the angle looks adaptation of square column post.
10. A square tubular column production process using the square tubular column production line according to any one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
a. chamfering the two ends of the opposite tubular column;
b. inserting tongue plates at two ends of the square tubular column and fixing the tongue plates in a spot welding manner;
c. spot welding brackets and flanges on the square pipe column in a positioning manner;
d. and carrying out full welding on the other tubular column.
CN202010376981.5A 2020-05-07 2020-05-07 Square tube column production line and production process Pending CN111438498A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010376981.5A CN111438498A (en) 2020-05-07 2020-05-07 Square tube column production line and production process

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010376981.5A CN111438498A (en) 2020-05-07 2020-05-07 Square tube column production line and production process

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111438498A true CN111438498A (en) 2020-07-24

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010376981.5A Pending CN111438498A (en) 2020-05-07 2020-05-07 Square tube column production line and production process

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111438498A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113245680A (en) * 2021-06-25 2021-08-13 许昌中科恒达高新技术研究院有限公司 Automatic welding production line for steel stand columns

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113245680A (en) * 2021-06-25 2021-08-13 许昌中科恒达高新技术研究院有限公司 Automatic welding production line for steel stand columns

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