CN111418450A - Edible mushroom harvesting equipment - Google Patents

Edible mushroom harvesting equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111418450A
CN111418450A CN202010181588.0A CN202010181588A CN111418450A CN 111418450 A CN111418450 A CN 111418450A CN 202010181588 A CN202010181588 A CN 202010181588A CN 111418450 A CN111418450 A CN 111418450A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
connecting rod
rod
cutting knife
transmission
linkage
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010181588.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐江
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Huangshan Huizhen Food Co ltd
Original Assignee
Huangshan Huizhen Food Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Huangshan Huizhen Food Co ltd filed Critical Huangshan Huizhen Food Co ltd
Priority to CN202010181588.0A priority Critical patent/CN111418450A/en
Publication of CN111418450A publication Critical patent/CN111418450A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/70Harvesting

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Mycology (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Apparatuses For Bulk Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables And Apparatuses For Preparing Feeds (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses edible mushroom harvesting equipment which comprises a cutting tool, a transmission mechanism and a rack for fixing, wherein the cutting tool comprises a first cutting knife, a second cutting knife and a connecting rod device, the connecting rod device comprises a first connecting rod and a second connecting rod, the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are rotatably connected, a first retraction device is arranged between the first connecting rod and the first cutting knife, and the first retraction device comprises a first support rod, a first push rod and a reset mechanism.

Description

Edible mushroom harvesting equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to edible mushroom cultivation, in particular to edible mushroom harvesting equipment.
Background
Edible mushrooms need to be peeled from the mushroom tray and cut from the root when being harvested, for example, a mushroom harvesting apparatus and a harvesting method disclosed in chinese patent document, which is under publication No. CN110199785A, includes: the mushroom harvesting frame plate and the culture bottle separating device are arranged on the frame, and the mushroom harvesting frame plate and the culture bottle separating device are used for separating a mushroom harvesting frame plate for bearing mushrooms from a plurality of culture bottles; the mushroom root cutting device is arranged at the bottom of the frame and used for cutting off the root of mushroom; fungus mushroom transfer device is used for gathering the deckle board separation with fungus mushroom and fungus mushroom to it gathers equipment to spread fungus mushroom respectively. Because the stipes of some mushrooms such as flammulina velutipes have higher toughness, the mushrooms are easy to fall down when being cut by using a cutter, or part of the stipe tissues are connected with the roots and cannot be completely separated from the roots, so that the harvesting efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides edible mushroom harvesting equipment, aiming at solving the problems that the existing some mushrooms such as golden mushrooms are high in stipe toughness and easy to fall down when being cut by using a cutter, or the edible mushrooms cannot be completely separated from roots due to the fact that part of stipe tissues are connected with the roots, and the harvesting efficiency is low.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
an edible mushroom harvesting device comprises a cutting tool, a transmission mechanism and a rack for fixing, wherein the cutting tool comprises a first cutting knife, a second cutting knife and a connecting rod device, the connecting rod device comprises a first connecting rod and a second connecting rod, the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are connected in a rotating mode, a first retraction device is arranged between the first connecting rod and the first cutting knife, the first retraction device comprises a first supporting rod, a first push rod and a reset mechanism, two ends of the first supporting rod are respectively connected with the first connecting rod and the first cutting knife in a rotating mode, one end of the first push rod is connected with the first supporting rod in a rotating mode, the other end of the first push rod is connected with the first connecting rod in a sliding mode, a second supporting rod is arranged between the second connecting rod and the second cutting knife, two ends of the second supporting rod are respectively hinged to the second cutting knife and the second connecting rod, the transmission mechanism comprises a transmission shaft and a transmission, the transmission gear comprises a first transmission gear located on the second connecting rod and a first driving wheel located on the transmission shaft, a transmission mechanism used for achieving reverse rotation is arranged between the first transmission gear and the first driving wheel, the transmission shaft is fixedly connected with the first connecting rod, and the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are respectively connected with the rack in a rotating mode. When edible mushrooms are harvested, the edible mushrooms need to be peeled from the mushroom disc and are cut from the roots, and because the stipes of some mushrooms such as golden mushrooms are high in toughness, the edible mushrooms are prone to lodging when being cut by a cutter, or because part of stipe tissues are connected with the roots and cannot be completely separated from the roots, the harvesting efficiency is low. According to the invention, the mutual movement between the first cutting knife and the second cutting knife is utilized, so that the stipe of the mushroom is cut and broken or topples over in the direction consistent with the direction of the first cutting knife when the stipe of the mushroom is acted by the acting force of the first cutting knife, and the mushroom has certain kinetic energy in the toppling process, so that when the stipe of the mushroom is in opposite contact with the second cutting knife, the contact tissue of the mushroom and the second cutting knife is vibrated and broken by larger impact energy, and the cutting success rate of the mushroom is improved. Meanwhile, the cutter can simultaneously cut mushrooms around the cutter, so that the cutting speed is improved, the first cutting cutter and the second cutting cutter are in a storage state before the cutting cutter enters the cutting action, and the cutter is attached to the connecting rod device, so that the phenomenon that the cutter touches the mushroom cap of the mushrooms when entering a cutting site to damage the integrity of the mushroom cap is effectively avoided, and the economic value of crops is reduced.
Preferably, a sliding rail mechanism is arranged between the first push rod and the first connecting rod, the sliding rail mechanism comprises a sliding groove and a sliding block matched with the sliding groove, and one end, far away from the first supporting rod, of the first push rod is hinged to the sliding block. The effect of first push rod is spacing to it is excessive to avoid first connecting rod to expand under the effect of centrifugal force, thereby makes the interval between first cutting knife and the second cutting knife too big, influences the cutting effect.
Preferably, the return mechanism comprises a first return spring, and the first return spring is located between the sliding block and the sliding groove. First branch receives centrifugal force, and outwards expansion drives first push rod, and first push rod drives the slider and slides on the spout this moment, and first reset spring is tensile, both is used for stabilizing the expansion angle of first branch when the rotational speed is certain, is used for pulling first push rod again when the rotational speed reduces for first branch withdraws.
Preferably, a linkage mechanism is arranged between the first supporting rod and the first connecting rod, the linkage mechanism comprises a linkage shaft, the linkage shaft is rotatably connected with the first supporting rod, bevel gears are respectively arranged at two ends of the linkage shaft, and linkage gears meshed with the bevel gears are respectively arranged at corresponding positions of the first connecting rod and the first cutting knife. The linkage mechanism has the effects that when the first supporting rod expands outwards, the bevel gear close to one end of the first connecting rod on the linkage shaft rotates under the action force of the linkage gear, and the first cutting knife is enabled to rotate actively through the meshing of the other bevel gear and the linkage gear on the first cutting knife so as to achieve a preset cutting state.
Preferably, a second return spring is arranged between the second cutting knife and the second supporting rod.
Preferably, cavities are arranged in the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod, the transmission shaft is located in the cavities, the transmission mechanism comprises an intermediate gear, the intermediate gear is rotatably connected with the rack, and the intermediate gear is respectively meshed with the second transmission gear and the second driving wheel. The first connecting rod and the second connecting rod can rotate reversely.
Preferably, two ends of the first supporting rod are hinged to the first connecting rod and the first cutting knife respectively, and one end of the first push rod is hinged to the first supporting rod. The hinge structure is simple and easy to realize miniaturization.
Therefore, the invention has the following beneficial effects: (1) the first cutting knife and the second cutting knife move oppositely to cut, so that the problem that the picking efficiency is low because the stipe falls down or part of stipe tissues are connected with the root and can not be completely separated from the root is avoided; (2) before the cutting tool enters into cutting action, the first cutting tool and the second cutting tool are attached to the connecting rod device and are unfolded during rotation, so that the phenomenon that the integrity of the pileus is damaged due to the fact that the tools touch the pileus of the mushrooms when entering into cutting sites is effectively avoided, and the economic value of crops is reduced; (3) the linkage mechanism ensures the stability of the first cutting knife when rotating.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the universal driving shaft of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a transmission shaft 2, a rack 3, a second connecting rod 4, a second supporting rod 5, a second cutting knife 6, a first cutting knife 7, a first push rod 8, a first supporting rod 9, a first connecting rod 10, a sliding rail 11, a sliding block 12, a cavity 13, a first transmission gear 14, a middle gear 15, a first driving wheel 16, a bevel gear 17, a linkage gear 18 and a linkage shaft.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the following detailed description and accompanying drawings.
Examples
In the embodiment shown in fig. 1 and 2, an edible mushroom harvesting device is characterized in that a first connecting rod 9 and a second connecting rod 3 are rotatably connected to a frame 2, the first connecting rod 9 is located at the lower end of the second connecting rod 3, axial cavities 12 are formed in both the two connecting rods, the first connecting rod 9 penetrates through the cavity 12 of the second connecting rod 3, a transmission shaft 1 penetrates through the cavities of the first connecting rod 9 and the second connecting rod 3, the transmission shaft 1 is driven by a motor, and the transmission shaft 1 is inserted into the cavity 12 of the first connecting rod 9, so that the transmission shaft 1 is fixedly connected with the first connecting rod 9. The transmission shaft 1 is equipped with a first driving wheel 15 on being close to the shaft body of the upper end of the second connecting rod 3, a first transmission gear 13 is fixed on the corresponding position of the inner wall of the cavity 12 of the second connecting rod 3, the first transmission gear 13 is an internal gear, the outer ring surface of the first transmission gear is fixed with the inner wall of the cavity 12, an intermediate gear 14 is arranged between the first driving wheel 15 and the first transmission gear 13, the intermediate gear 14 is rotatably connected with the frame 2 through a wheel shaft and is simultaneously meshed with the first driving wheel 15 and the first transmission gear 13, so that the first driving wheel 15 and the first transmission gear 13 can transmit through the intermediate gear 14, when the transmission shaft 1 rotates, the first connecting rod 9 rotates in the same direction with the transmission shaft 1, and the second connecting rod 3 rotates in the reverse direction with the transmission shaft. Four sliding rails 10 are uniformly arranged on the first connecting rod 9 in the circumferential direction, a sliding block 11 is connected in each sliding rail 10 in a sliding mode, a first reset spring is fixed between each sliding block 11 and each sliding rail 10, a first push rod 7 is hinged to each sliding block 11, a first supporting rod 8 is hinged to the other end of each first push rod 7, one end of each first supporting rod 8 is hinged to each first connecting rod 9, the other end of each first supporting rod 8 is hinged to each first cutting knife 6, a sliding cavity is formed in each rod of each first supporting rod 8, a linkage shaft 18 is inserted into each sliding cavity, two ends of each linkage shaft 18 extend out of each sliding cavity and are close to each first connecting rod 9 and each first cutting knife 6, linkage gears 17 are respectively fixed at corresponding positions of each first connecting rod 9 and each first cutting knife 6, and two ends of each linkage shaft 18 are respectively fixed with a bevel gear 16 to be meshed with the corresponding linkage. Four second branch rods 4 are uniformly hinged to the second connecting rod 3 in the circumferential direction, the tail end of each second branch rod 4 is hinged to a second cutting knife 5, and a second return spring is further arranged at the hinged position of the second cutting knife 5 and the second branch rods 4.
When edible mushroom needs to be collected, the rack 2 drives a plurality of cutting tools arranged on the rack to descend, so that the connecting rod device extends downwards into a gap between the edible mushrooms, at the moment, the first supporting rod 8 and the second supporting rod 4 are respectively attached to the surfaces of the first connecting rod 9 and the second connecting rod 3, the radial size of the connecting rod device is small, the cutting tools can reach cutting sites under the condition of not touching mushroom caps, at the moment, the driving device drives the transmission shaft 1 to rotate, the transmission shaft 1 is directly fixed with the first connecting rod 9, therefore, the first connecting rod 9 rotates along with the transmission shaft 1, the second connecting rod 3 and the transmission shaft 1 are driven through the intermediate gear 14, therefore, the second connecting rod 3 rotates in the opposite direction of the transmission shaft 1, and the first connecting rod 9 rotates in the opposite direction of the second connecting rod 3. Under the action of centrifugal force, the first supporting rod 8 expands outwards and rotates around a hinge point between the first supporting rod 8 and the first supporting rod 9, the linkage gear 17 on the first connecting rod 9 is kept fixed, and the linkage shaft 18 rotates along with the first supporting rod 8, so that the bevel gear 16 on the linkage shaft 18 is meshed with the linkage gear 17 to rotate, and through the transmission of the linkage shaft 18, the bevel gear 16 on the other side drives the linkage gear 17 on the first cutting knife 6 to rotate, so that the first cutting knife 6 rotates to a cutting point, at the moment, the first push rod 7 is pulled to drive the sliding block 11 to move, and the first reset spring is stretched. When the first supporting rod 8 expands outwards, the second supporting rod 4 expands outwards under the action of centrifugal force, the second cutting knife 5 is thrown away by the centrifugal force and rotates to a cutting point, and the second return spring is in a stretching state at the moment. The first cutting knife 6 and the second cutting knife 5 have a narrow axial interval and rotate oppositely to cut the stipe of the surrounding mushroom.
When cutting is finished, the transmission shaft 1 stops rotating, the sliding block 11 is under the elastic action of retraction of the first return spring, moves reversely, and meanwhile drives the first push rod 7, the first push rod 7 reversely pulls the first support rod 8, so that the first support rod 8 is attached to the first connecting rod 9 again, and in the attaching process, the linkage shaft 18 reversely rotates, so that the first cutting knife 6 is retracted, and resetting is finished. Second branch 4 is flagging to laminate second connecting rod 3 again under the action of gravity, and second cutting knife 5 resets under second reset spring's effect, resumes the laminating state again to link means retrieves.

Claims (7)

1. A harvesting device for edible mushrooms comprises a cutting tool, a transmission mechanism and a rack for fixing, and is characterized in that the cutting tool comprises a first cutting knife, a second cutting knife and a connecting rod device, the connecting rod device comprises a first connecting rod and a second connecting rod, the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are connected in a rotating mode, a first retraction device is arranged between the first connecting rod and the first cutting knife, the first retraction device comprises a first supporting rod, a first push rod and a reset mechanism, two ends of the first supporting rod are respectively connected with the first connecting rod and the first cutting knife in a rotating mode, one end of the first push rod is connected with the first supporting rod in a rotating mode, the other end of the first push rod is connected with the first connecting rod in a sliding mode, a second supporting rod is arranged between the second connecting rod and the second cutting knife, two ends of the second supporting rod are respectively hinged to the second cutting knife and the second connecting rod, the transmission mechanism comprises a transmission, the transmission gear comprises a first transmission gear located on the second connecting rod and a first driving wheel located on the transmission shaft, a transmission mechanism used for achieving reverse rotation is arranged between the first transmission gear and the first driving wheel, the transmission shaft is fixedly connected with the first connecting rod, and the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are respectively connected with the rack in a rotating mode.
2. The edible mushroom harvesting device according to claim 1, wherein a sliding rail mechanism is arranged between the first push rod and the first connecting rod, the sliding rail mechanism comprises a sliding groove and a sliding block matched with the sliding groove, and one end of the first push rod, which is far away from the first supporting rod, is hinged to the sliding block.
3. The edible mushroom harvesting device according to claim 2, wherein the return mechanism includes a first return spring, and the first return spring is located between the sliding block and the sliding groove.
4. The edible mushroom harvesting device according to claim 1, wherein a linkage mechanism is disposed between the first support rod and the first connecting rod, the linkage mechanism includes a linkage shaft, the linkage shaft is rotatably connected to the first support rod, bevel gears are disposed at two ends of the linkage shaft, and linkage gears engaged with the bevel gears are disposed at positions corresponding to the first connecting rod and the first cutting knife.
5. The edible mushroom harvesting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a second return spring is disposed between the second cutter and the second support rod.
6. The edible mushroom harvesting device according to claim 1, wherein a cavity is formed in the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod, the transmission shaft is located in the cavity, the transmission mechanism comprises an intermediate gear, the intermediate gear is rotatably connected with the rack, and the intermediate gear is meshed with the second transmission gear and the second driving wheel respectively.
7. The edible mushroom harvesting apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein both ends of the first support rod are hinged to the first link and the first cutter, respectively, and one end of the first push rod is hinged to the first support rod.
CN202010181588.0A 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 Edible mushroom harvesting equipment Pending CN111418450A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010181588.0A CN111418450A (en) 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 Edible mushroom harvesting equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010181588.0A CN111418450A (en) 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 Edible mushroom harvesting equipment

Publications (1)

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CN111418450A true CN111418450A (en) 2020-07-17

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CN202010181588.0A Pending CN111418450A (en) 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 Edible mushroom harvesting equipment

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115462279A (en) * 2021-09-16 2022-12-13 山东农业大学 End effector of mushroom bud thinning robot and bud thinning method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2384462A1 (en) * 1977-01-12 1978-10-20 Bournier Edgard Installation for trimming cultivated mushrooms - conveys them from wash tank with stalks correctly orientated for trimming heads
EP1501342A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2005-02-02 Districhamp NV Device for conveying and cutting off picked mushrooms
DE102009021940A1 (en) * 2009-05-19 2010-11-25 Boris Fisman Mushrooms collecting device, has two movable blades for cutting mushroom together with mushroom stem and attached below pipe support, and handle provided at height of stature of mushroom collectors
CN203449333U (en) * 2013-07-26 2014-02-26 丽江永胜森源食品有限公司 Artificial stipe slicer
CN206105925U (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-04-19 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Full -automatic mushroom stem cutting equipment

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2384462A1 (en) * 1977-01-12 1978-10-20 Bournier Edgard Installation for trimming cultivated mushrooms - conveys them from wash tank with stalks correctly orientated for trimming heads
EP1501342A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2005-02-02 Districhamp NV Device for conveying and cutting off picked mushrooms
DE102009021940A1 (en) * 2009-05-19 2010-11-25 Boris Fisman Mushrooms collecting device, has two movable blades for cutting mushroom together with mushroom stem and attached below pipe support, and handle provided at height of stature of mushroom collectors
CN203449333U (en) * 2013-07-26 2014-02-26 丽江永胜森源食品有限公司 Artificial stipe slicer
CN206105925U (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-04-19 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Full -automatic mushroom stem cutting equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115462279A (en) * 2021-09-16 2022-12-13 山东农业大学 End effector of mushroom bud thinning robot and bud thinning method
CN115462279B (en) * 2021-09-16 2024-04-19 山东农业大学 End effector of mushroom bud thinning robot and bud thinning method

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Application publication date: 20200717

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