CN107182445B - High branch fruit picking device - Google Patents

High branch fruit picking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107182445B
CN107182445B CN201710461417.1A CN201710461417A CN107182445B CN 107182445 B CN107182445 B CN 107182445B CN 201710461417 A CN201710461417 A CN 201710461417A CN 107182445 B CN107182445 B CN 107182445B
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China
Prior art keywords
cutting
fruit
incomplete gear
rod
branch
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CN201710461417.1A
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CN107182445A (en
Inventor
于盛睿
谢勇钢
吴天宇
姚欣
朱尚滏
雷苑君
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Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute
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Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute
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Priority to CN201710461417.1A priority Critical patent/CN107182445B/en
Publication of CN107182445A publication Critical patent/CN107182445A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
    • A01D46/24Devices for picking apples or like fruit
    • A01D46/247Manually operated fruit-picking tools
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
    • A01D46/22Baskets or bags attachable to the picker

Abstract

The invention relates to a high branch fruit picker and a using method thereof, and the high branch fruit picker comprises a cutting device, a resetting device, a base plate (10), a frame (16), a net bag (15), a telescopic rod (11) and a cutting driving device, wherein the telescopic rod (11) is provided with the cutting driving device (14), the top of the telescopic rod is provided with the frame (16), the bottom of the frame (16) is provided with the net bag (15), the middle of the frame is provided with the base plate (10), the upper side of the base plate (10) is provided with the cutting device, and the lower side of the base plate is; the picking method mainly comprises the following steps: resetting the cutting device, enabling the fruit handle to touch the trigger rod, cutting the fruit handle by the cutting knife, draining the fruit to the ground and the like. When the picking device for the high-branch fruits works, the nondestructive automatic harvesting of the fruits can be realized, the fruits can be harvested continuously, and the picking process is simple, labor-saving and efficient, so that the picking device has a wide application prospect.

Description

High branch fruit picking device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural picking machinery, in particular to a high-branch fruit picker and a using method thereof.
Background
As is well known, fruits are one of the foods of people, and the fruits not only have excellent mouthfeel, but also contain rich nutrition and have a plurality of health care and medicinal values. Most fruits grow on fruit trees, are influenced by factors such as illumination and the like, generally have higher quality when growing at higher positions, but no good solution is provided for picking of high-branch fruits. Traditional high branch fruits are mainly picked manually by means of ladders or knocked down by means of simple tools (such as bamboo poles). The ladder is used for climbing and picking, so that the potential safety hazard is great, and the efficiency is very low; the fruits are directly beaten down by using simple tools such as bamboo poles, so that the fruits are easily damaged, and the yield of high-quality fruits is influenced. The mechanized picking of the high-branch fruits is considered to be an effective method for realizing the high-efficiency picking of the high-branch fruits, and some colleges and scientific research institutions are dedicated to developing high-branch fruit picking machines and devices at present, but certain difference is still left from the practicability, and the method mainly shows that: some picking devices directly grab the fruits and forcibly break the fruit stalks, so that the fruits are easily damaged, and the yield of high-quality fruits is reduced; some picking devices have complex structures, large weight and volume, time and labor waste in the picking process, incapability of realizing continuous fruit picking and low efficiency; some picking devices are expensive in manufacturing cost and high in picking cost, and general fruit growers cannot bear the picking cost.
Therefore, fruit growers urgently need a picking device which can pick fruits on high branches, when the picking device is used for operation, the fruits can be automatically harvested without damage, the fruits can be harvested continuously, and the picking process is simple, labor-saving and efficient.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a high branch fruit picker which is novel in structure, convenient to use, free of damage to harvesting and low in cost and a using method thereof.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme of the invention is as follows: the utility model provides a ware is picked to branches of tall trees fruit which characterized in that: including cutting device, resetting means, base plate, frame, string bag, telescopic link and cutting drive arrangement, be provided with cutting drive arrangement on the telescopic link, the top is provided with the frame, the frame bottom is provided with the string bag, and the middle part is provided with the base plate, the upside of base plate is provided with cutting device, and the downside is provided with resetting means, the base plate middle part is provided with axle one that runs through.
The cutting device comprises a cutting knife, a spring, a trigger rod, a first fixing rod and a second fixing rod, wherein the tail end of the trigger rod is arranged at one end of the first shaft, the first fixing rod penetrates through the middle rear portion of the trigger rod, the cutting knife is arranged at one end of the fixing rod, one end of the spring is arranged at the other end of the fixing rod, the other end of the spring is arranged on the second fixing rod, and the second fixing rod is arranged on the upper side of the substrate.
The reset device is composed of a first incomplete gear, a second incomplete gear and a second shaft, wherein the first incomplete gear is arranged at the other end of the first shaft, the second incomplete gear is arranged on the second shaft, the second shaft is arranged on the lower side of the base plate, and the first incomplete gear and the second incomplete gear are matched and meshed for rotation.
The cutting driving device is composed of a handle, a steel wire rope, a return spring and a rope sleeve, the handle is arranged at the bottom of the telescopic rod, the return spring is arranged at the top of the telescopic rod, the rope sleeve is arranged on the upper portion of the incomplete gear, and the steel wire rope is arranged among the handle, the return spring and the rope sleeve.
The substrate is provided with a cutting groove.
And bases of the first incomplete gear and the second incomplete gear are arranged on the lower side of the substrate.
The using method of the high branch fruit picker is characterized by comprising the following steps:
firstly, a handle of the high branch fruit picker is pressed down, the handle pulls a steel wire rope to move, the steel wire rope pulls a rope sleeve to move, the rope sleeve drives an incomplete gear II to rotate, the incomplete gear II is meshed with the incomplete gear I to rotate, a shaft I rotates to enable a cutting knife and a trigger rod to be located at a position to be cut, at the moment, a spring is in an extending state, certain elastic potential energy is stored, and the cutting device of the high branch fruit picker finishes cutting preparation;
secondly, moving the high branch fruit picking device, when the fruit stalks enter the cutting groove and touch the trigger rods of the cutting device, the trigger rods rotate by small angles, the cutting device crosses the dead point position, the spring contracts rapidly to release elastic potential energy, the cutting knife obtains certain speed, the cutting knife cuts the fruit stalks to separate the fruits from the fruit trees, the fruit stalks are still on the fruits, the fruits are not damaged, and the fruits are drained to the ground through the net bag;
and thirdly, pressing down the handle of the high branch fruit picker, repeating the first step of movement of the high branch fruit picker, completing the reset of the high branch fruit picker, and preparing to continuously pick the next fruit.
According to the novel high-branch fruit picking device, energy is stored through the spring, the fruit handle is triggered and cut after touching the trigger rod, automatic cutting of the fruit handle can be achieved, high-branch fruit picking efficiency is improved, the fruit handle is cut off, so that the fruit and fruit tree separation mode is favorable for guaranteeing the quality of the fruit, and the fruit can be picked without damage; after the novel high-branch fruit picking device is cut, the ground handle is used for driving the reset assembly to reset the cutting assembly, and the cutting mechanism is in a state to be cut, so that the technical effect of continuously picking fruits can be realized; meanwhile, no electronic device is added, the mechanism has high operation reliability, the picking operation is simple, and the economic cost of the picker can be borne by vast fruit growers, so the picking machine has wide market prospect.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a high branch fruit picker according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a cutting device before cutting of the high branch fruit picker according to the invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a cutting device of the high branch fruit picker after cutting;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a resetting device before cutting of the high branch fruit picker according to the invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a resetting device in resetting of the high branch fruit picker according to the invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the resetting device of the high branch fruit picker after resetting.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENT (S) OF INVENTION
The invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying figures 1-6 and the detailed description of the invention:
a high branch fruit picking device comprises a cutting device, a resetting device, a base plate 10, a frame 16, a net bag 15, a telescopic rod 11 and a cutting driving device, wherein the cutting driving device is arranged on the telescopic rod 11, the frame 16 is fixed at the top through a screw, the net bag 15 is installed at the bottom of the frame 16 through a screw, the base plate 10 is installed at the middle of the frame 16 through a screw, the cutting device is arranged on the upper side of the base plate 10, the resetting device is arranged on the lower side of the base plate, and a first penetrating shaft 8 is fixed at the middle of the base plate 10 through a bolt;
the cutting device comprises a cutting knife 1, a spring 2, a trigger rod 3, a first fixing rod 4 and a second fixing rod 5, wherein the tail end of the trigger rod 3 is sleeved on one end of a first shaft 8, the middle rear part of the trigger rod 3 is fixedly provided with the first fixing rod 4 penetrating through the trigger rod through a bolt, one end of the first fixing rod 4 is sleeved with the cutting knife 1, the other end of the first fixing rod is sleeved with one end of the spring 2, the other end of the spring 2 is sleeved on the second fixing rod 5, and the second fixing rod 5 is fixed on the tail part of the upper side of the substrate 10 through a bolt;
the resetting device is composed of a first incomplete gear 6, a second incomplete gear 7 and a second shaft 9, the first incomplete gear 6 is sleeved on the other end of the first shaft 8, the second incomplete gear 7 is sleeved on the second shaft 9, the second shaft 9 is fixed on the lower side of the base plate 10 through bolts, and the first incomplete gear 6 and the second incomplete gear 7 are matched and meshed for rotation;
the cutting driving device is composed of a handle 14, a steel wire rope 13, a return spring 17 and a rope sleeve 12, the handle 14 is fixed to the bottom of the telescopic rod 11 through screws, the return spring 17 is sleeved on the top of the telescopic rod 11, the rope sleeve 12 is fixed to the upper portion of the incomplete gear II 7 through screws, the handle 14 is connected to one end of the steel wire rope 13 through screws, and the other end of the steel wire rope 13 is fixed to the rope sleeve 12 through screws after penetrating through the return spring 17.
The substrate 10 is provided with a V-shaped cutting groove.
The bases of the first incomplete gear 6 and the second incomplete gear 7 are fixed on the lower side of the base plate 10 through screws.
The invention discloses an operation principle of a high branch fruit picker, which comprises the following steps:
before cutting, the spring 2 is in a stretching state, certain elastic potential energy is stored, the rotating center of the trigger rod 3 and the two ends of the spring 2 are in the same straight line, and the cutting device is in a dead point position; at the moment, the first incomplete gear 6 and the second incomplete gear 7 are not meshed, so that the first incomplete gear 6 can freely rotate along with the first shaft 8, the cutting knife 1 and the trigger rod 3;
when the fruit stem touches the trigger rod 3 during cutting, the trigger rod 3 rotates anticlockwise by a small angle, at the moment, the cutting device crosses a dead point position, the spring 2 releases elastic potential energy and contracts rapidly, the elastic potential energy of the spring 2 is converted into kinetic energy of the trigger rod 3 and the cutting knife 1, the trigger rod 3 and the cutting knife 1 rotate anticlockwise around the shaft I8, the cutting knife 1 is tangential to the fruit stem, the fruit stem is cut off, and the fruit is separated from the fruit tree;
after cutting, the handle 14 is pressed down to enable the steel wire rope 13 to move downwards, the steel wire rope 13 pulls the rope sleeve 12, the rope sleeve 12 drives the incomplete gear II 7 to rotate clockwise, the incomplete gear II 7 is meshed with the incomplete gear I6 at the moment, the incomplete gear I6 is driven to rotate anticlockwise, and meanwhile the cutting device is driven to reset; after the resetting is completed, the second incomplete gear 7 and the first incomplete gear 6 are disengaged, the second incomplete gear 7 can rotate freely, after the handle is loosened, the second incomplete gear 7 rotates anticlockwise, and the cutting device and the resetting device return to the state of preparing for cutting.
The use method of the invention comprises the following steps:
firstly, a handle 14 of the high branch fruit picker is pressed down, the handle 14 pulls a steel wire rope 13 to move, the steel wire rope 13 pulls a rope sleeve 12 to move, the rope sleeve 12 drives an incomplete gear II 7 to rotate, the incomplete gear II 7 is meshed with an incomplete gear I6 to rotate, a shaft I8 rotates to enable a cutting knife 1 and a trigger rod 3 to be located at positions to be cut, at the moment, a spring 2 is in an extension state, certain elastic potential energy is stored, and the high branch fruit picker cutting device is reset to be completed;
secondly, moving the high branch fruit picker, after the fruit stalks enter the trigger area, when the fruit stalks touch the trigger rod 3 of the cutting device, the trigger rod 3 rotates by a small angle, the cutting device crosses the dead point position, the spring 2 contracts rapidly to release elastic potential energy, the cutting knife 1 obtains a certain speed, the cutting knife 1 cuts the fruit stalks to realize the separation of the fruits and the fruit trees, the fruit stalks are still on the fruits, the fruits are not damaged, and the fruits are drained to the ground through the net bag 15;
and thirdly, pressing down the handle 14 of the high branch fruit picker, repeating the first step of movement of the high branch fruit picker, and continuously picking a next fruit by the high branch fruit picker.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and equivalents and modifications according to the technical solution of the present invention and the inventive concept thereof should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides a ware is picked to branches of tall trees fruit which characterized in that: the cutting device comprises a cutting device, a resetting device, a base plate (10), a frame (16), a net bag (15), a telescopic rod (11) and a cutting driving device, wherein the cutting driving device is arranged on the telescopic rod (11), the frame (16) is arranged at the top of the telescopic rod, the net bag (15) is arranged at the bottom of the frame (16), the base plate (10) is arranged in the middle of the frame (16), the cutting device is arranged on the upper side of the base plate (10), the resetting device is arranged on the lower side of the base plate, and a first penetrating shaft (8) is arranged in;
the cutting device comprises a cutting knife (1), a spring (2), a trigger rod (3), a first fixing rod (4) and a second fixing rod (5), wherein the tail end of the trigger rod (3) is arranged at one end of a first shaft (8), the middle rear part of the trigger rod (3) is provided with the first fixing rod (4) which penetrates through the first fixing rod, one end of the first fixing rod (4) is provided with the cutting knife (1), the other end of the first fixing rod is provided with one end of the spring (2), the other end of the spring (2) is arranged on the second fixing rod (5), and the second fixing rod (5) is arranged on the upper side of a substrate (10);
the reset device is composed of a first incomplete gear (6), a second incomplete gear (7) and a second shaft (9), wherein the first incomplete gear (6) is arranged at the other end of the first shaft (8), the second incomplete gear (7) is arranged on the second shaft (9), the second shaft (9) is arranged at the lower side of the base plate (10), and the first incomplete gear (6) and the second incomplete gear (7) are matched and meshed for rotation;
the cutting driving device is composed of a handle (14), a steel wire rope (13), a return spring (17) and a rope sleeve (12), the handle (14) is arranged at the bottom of the telescopic rod (11), the return spring (17) is arranged at the top of the telescopic rod (11), the rope sleeve (12) is arranged at the upper part of the incomplete gear II (7), and the steel wire rope (13) is arranged among the handle (14), the return spring (17) and the rope sleeve (12);
a cutting groove is formed in the substrate (10);
bases of the first incomplete gear (6) and the second incomplete gear (7) are arranged on the lower side of the base plate (10);
the using method of the high branch fruit picker comprises the following steps:
firstly, a handle (14) of the high branch fruit picker is pressed down, the handle (14) pulls a steel wire rope (13) to move, the steel wire rope (13) pulls a rope sleeve (12) to move, the rope sleeve (12) drives an incomplete gear II (7) to rotate, the incomplete gear II (7) is meshed with an incomplete gear I (6) to rotate, a shaft I (8) rotates to enable a cutting knife (1) and a trigger rod (3) to be located at positions to be cut, at the moment, a spring (2) is in an extension state, certain elastic potential energy is reserved, and the cutting device of the high branch fruit picker finishes cutting preparation;
secondly, the high branch fruit picking device is moved, after fruit stalks enter a cutting groove, when the fruit stalks touch a trigger rod (3) of a cutting device, the trigger rod (3) rotates at a small angle, the cutting device crosses a dead point position, a spring (2) rapidly contracts to release elastic potential energy, a cutting knife (1) obtains a certain speed, the cutting knife (1) cuts the fruit stalks to realize separation of the fruits and the fruit trees, the fruit stalks are still on the fruits, the fruits are not damaged, and the fruits are drained to the ground through a string bag (15);
and thirdly, pressing down a handle (14) of the high branch fruit picker, repeating the motion of the first step by the high branch fruit picker, completing the reset of the high branch fruit picker, and preparing to continuously pick the next fruit.
CN201710461417.1A 2017-06-19 2017-06-19 High branch fruit picking device Active CN107182445B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710461417.1A CN107182445B (en) 2017-06-19 2017-06-19 High branch fruit picking device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710461417.1A CN107182445B (en) 2017-06-19 2017-06-19 High branch fruit picking device

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CN107182445A CN107182445A (en) 2017-09-22
CN107182445B true CN107182445B (en) 2020-01-17

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111788937A (en) * 2017-12-18 2020-10-20 冯高峰 Picking device suitable for fruit is difficult for picking on branch head upper portion

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191016692A (en) * 1910-07-13 1911-07-06 Fred Randall An Improved Appliance for Gathering Fruit.
CN201004839Y (en) * 2006-10-18 2008-01-16 朱志明 Height fruit picking tools
CN201174892Y (en) * 2008-03-07 2009-01-07 张畅 Fruit picker
CN201315757Y (en) * 2008-12-15 2009-09-30 周忠民 Electric branch scissors
CN201898732U (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-07-20 任卓研 High-altitude fruit picker
CN201938093U (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-08-24 上海市闵行区纪王学校 Fruit picking device
CN202396181U (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-08-29 西安理工大学 Trigger type automatic fruit picker
CN203563360U (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-04-30 四川农业大学 End actuator for picking watermelons

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN206808102U (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-12-29 景德镇陶瓷大学 A kind of high-branch fruit picker

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191016692A (en) * 1910-07-13 1911-07-06 Fred Randall An Improved Appliance for Gathering Fruit.
CN201004839Y (en) * 2006-10-18 2008-01-16 朱志明 Height fruit picking tools
CN201174892Y (en) * 2008-03-07 2009-01-07 张畅 Fruit picker
CN201315757Y (en) * 2008-12-15 2009-09-30 周忠民 Electric branch scissors
CN201898732U (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-07-20 任卓研 High-altitude fruit picker
CN201938093U (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-08-24 上海市闵行区纪王学校 Fruit picking device
CN202396181U (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-08-29 西安理工大学 Trigger type automatic fruit picker
CN203563360U (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-04-30 四川农业大学 End actuator for picking watermelons

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