CN111361194A - Vegetable oil squeezing device and using method thereof - Google Patents

Vegetable oil squeezing device and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111361194A
CN111361194A CN202010183054.1A CN202010183054A CN111361194A CN 111361194 A CN111361194 A CN 111361194A CN 202010183054 A CN202010183054 A CN 202010183054A CN 111361194 A CN111361194 A CN 111361194A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
squeezing
oil
rotating shaft
feeding hopper
cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010183054.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱建军
王晓艳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fuyang Fumeng Foods Co ltd
Original Assignee
Fuyang Fumeng Foods Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fuyang Fumeng Foods Co ltd filed Critical Fuyang Fumeng Foods Co ltd
Priority to CN202010183054.1A priority Critical patent/CN111361194A/en
Publication of CN111361194A publication Critical patent/CN111361194A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/12Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using pressing worms or screws co-operating with a permeable casing
    • B30B9/14Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using pressing worms or screws co-operating with a permeable casing operating with only one screw or worm
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • B02C18/186Axially elongated knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/32Discharging presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/12Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using pressing worms or screws co-operating with a permeable casing
    • B30B9/121Screw constructions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/12Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using pressing worms or screws co-operating with a permeable casing
    • B30B9/127Feed means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/26Permeable casings or strainers

Abstract

The invention discloses a vegetable oil squeezing device and a use method thereof, wherein the inside of a squeezing box is divided into a chip removal cavity and a squeezing cavity by a partition plate, a squeezing cylinder is arranged in the squeezing cavity, a feeding cavity is arranged at one end of the squeezing cylinder and comprises a first feeding hopper and a second feeding hopper, a plant body to be squeezed is poured into the first feeding hopper through strip-shaped feeding holes at two sides of the first feeding hopper, a stirring shaft is driven by a second motor to drive a spiral reamer to carry out spiral crushing on the plant body entering the first feeding hopper, the crushed plant body enters the second feeding hopper through an outlet of the first feeding hopper, a first rotating shaft is driven by a third motor to rotate, a first gear on the first rotating shaft is meshed with a second gear for transmission, the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft drive the first crushing roller and the second crushing roller to preliminarily squeeze the crushed plant oil, namely the plant body is crushed, the preliminary extrusion to the plant body is also accomplished and is pressed oil, has shortened the follow-up length of pressing oil of plant, has improved the oil yield of plant.

Description

Vegetable oil squeezing device and using method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of squeezing; in particular to a vegetable oil squeezing device and a using method thereof.
Background
Vegetable oil is a compound obtained by combining unsaturated fatty acid and glycerin, is widely distributed in nature, and is oil obtained from fruits, seeds, and germs of plants. Such as peanut oil, soybean oil, linseed oil, castor oil, rapeseed oil, and the like. The main component of the vegetable oil is ester formed by straight chain higher fatty acid and glycerin, the fatty acid contains various unsaturated acids besides palmitic acid, stearic acid and oleic acid, and the fatty acid in the vegetable oil can moisten and luster the skin.
Vegetable oils are obtained by pressing, a unit operation in which the liquid phase is separated from the liquid-solid two-phase mixture by mechanical compression. The squeezing technology is mainly used for the grease industry and the juice preparation of fruits and vegetables. The oil extraction by squeezing is an oil extraction method for extruding grease from oil materials by the action of mechanical force. According to the depth of squeezing oil and the pressure of the squeezed material during squeezing, the squeezed oil can be divided into primary squeezing and pre-squeezing which is matched with leaching oil extraction. Compared with other oil extraction methods, the method has the advantages of simple process, less matched equipment, strong adaptability to oil varieties, flexible production, good oil product quality, light color, pure flavor and the like. But the residual oil content of the pressed cake is high, the power consumption is large, and parts are easy to wear. The method can be used for extracting oil from seeds or nuts such as cacao, coconut, peanut, palm kernel, soybean, rapeseed, etc. In addition, another important application of pressing is in the preparation of fruit juices, such as apple, citrus, tomato juice, and the like.
As patent application number (CN201811346104.2) discloses an automatic equipment of squeezing of edible oil preparation effect, comprising a base plate, install through fixed mounting frame on the bottom plate and roll the case, the rear end that rolls the case is open structure, the front end upper side that rolls the case is provided with the feeding frame, the upper end that rolls the case is provided with the auxiliary tank, the lower extreme that rolls the case is open structure, and the symmetry is provided with the sliding tray on rolling the inner wall of the lower extreme left and right sides of case, the left and right sides symmetry that rolls the case is provided with the fixed orifices, accomplish the operation of extracting oil, but current plant presses the in-process still to have following not enough:
1. the existing vegetable oil squeezing device does not crush the plants primarily in the squeezing process of the plants, so that the oil yield of the plants is low in the squeezing process, and the squeezing time is long;
2. the crushing process, the heat treatment process and the squeezing process of the conventional vegetable oil squeezing are carried out separately, all the processes are separated, the raw materials processed by the crushing process are generally conveyed to the heat treatment process manually, and then the raw materials processed by the heat treatment process are conveyed to the squeezing process manually, so that the raw materials processed by the crushing process cannot be conveyed to the heat treatment process for heat treatment in time, and meanwhile, the raw materials processed by the heat treatment process cannot be conveyed to the squeezing process in time for squeezing treatment, so that the squeezing speed of the vegetable oil is too low, the whole production capacity is low, a large amount of manpower is needed for conveying, and the cost of the vegetable oil squeezing is increased;
3. the manual sediment of arranging of need shutting down is pressed to the plant waste residue to current plant has the device of squeezing to squeeze the back, has not only increaseed operating personnel's working strength, has reduced the efficiency of squeezing of vegetable oil simultaneously.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a vegetable oil squeezing device and a using method thereof, which aim to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the vegetable oil squeezing device comprises a squeezing box, wherein the squeezing box is of a horizontal cuboid cavity structure, a partition plate is vertically arranged in the squeezing box, and the squeezing box is divided into a chip removal cavity and a squeezing cavity through the partition plate;
the squeezing cavity is internally and horizontally provided with a squeezing barrel which is of a conical structure, one end of a large end of the squeezing barrel abuts against the side surface of the squeezing box, one end of a small end of the squeezing barrel abuts against a partition plate, the outer side surface of the squeezing box is provided with a motor I through a motor mounting seat, the output end of the motor I is fixedly connected with a squeezing screw, the other end of the squeezing screw is arranged inside the squeezing barrel, squeezing blades are fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the squeezing screw inside the squeezing barrel, the bottom surface of the squeezing barrel is provided with a plurality of oil outlets, oil guide pipes are fixedly connected on the oil outlets, the other ends of the oil guide pipes penetrate through the bottom of the squeezing box, a filter cylinder is connected to the bottom end of the oil guide pipes, an oil collecting tank is arranged right below the oil guide pipes, and the top of the side surface of one end of the large, the feeding cavity comprises a first feeding hopper and a second feeding hopper which are overlapped, and the first feeding hopper is vertically arranged above the second feeding hopper;
the feeding device comprises a feeding hopper I, a feeding hopper II, a stirring shaft, a spiral reamer, a feeding hole of the feeding hopper II, a feeding hole of the feeding hopper I, a feeding hole of the feeding hopper II, a feeding hole of the feeding hole of;
the inside of feeder hopper two is provided with pivot one and pivot two side by side, and is provided with respectively in pivot one and pivot two and rolls crushing roller one and roll crushing roller two, roll crushing roller one and roll crushing roller two and set up side by side in the feeder hopper two, the lateral wall setting that the one end of pivot one and pivot two run through feeder hopper two respectively is in the inside of protection casing, and is located the pivot one of the inside of protection casing and is provided with gear one and gear two on the pivot two respectively, gear one and gear two are in the transmission of protection casing internal gearing, the output fixedly connected with motor of pivot one is three, three fixed settings of motor are on the lateral wall of protection casing.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the fixed cylinder that is provided with in inside of chip removal chamber, the piston rod tip fixedly connected with round platform type sprue of cylinder, round platform type sprue joint is on the waste residue outlet hole of baffle, round platform type sprue is on squeezing a terminal surface export through waste residue outlet hole connection, the vertical guide pipeline that is provided with on the side of baffle, the top of guide pipeline is located waste residue outlet hole below, and the setting of squeezing box is run through to the bottom of guide pipeline, and at the fixed sweeps collecting vessel that is provided with in the below of guide pipeline.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the squeezing cylinder is characterized in that a plurality of annular cast-hot aluminum sleeves are fixedly arranged on the arc side face of the squeezing cylinder, a storage battery is fixedly arranged on the external top face of the squeezing box, the storage battery is electrically connected with a current-conducting plate through a lead, and the current-conducting plate is electrically connected with the annular cast-hot aluminum sleeves on the side face of the squeezing cylinder through a plurality of leads.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the top of the oil guide pipe is connected to an oil outlet of the squeezing cylinder through threads, the other end of the oil guide pipe is provided with external threads, the filtering cylinder is of a hollow cylindrical structure with two uncovered ends, the top of the hollow cavity of the filtering cylinder is provided with internal threads matched with the external threads of the oil guide pipe, the filtering cylinder is connected to the oil guide pipe through threads, and the bottom surface of the hollow cavity of the filtering cylinder is provided with a filtering screen.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and the oil guide pipe is provided with a control valve.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the inside of the squeezing box is vertically provided with a plurality of supporting plates, the surface of each supporting plate is provided with a through hole for erecting a squeezing cylinder in the horizontal direction, and the squeezing cylinder fixing frame is arranged in the through hole of the supporting plate.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the rotating radius of the squeezing blades in the squeezing cylinder is reduced along with the inclination of the squeezing cylinder.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and a first crushing roller and a second crushing roller are arranged in the second feeding hopper under the discharge port of the first feeding hopper.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the first crushing roller and the second crushing roller are completely identical.
As a still further scheme of the invention: pouring plant bodies to be squeezed into a first feed hopper through strip-shaped feed inlets on two sides of the first feed hopper, driving a spiral reamer to carry out spiral crushing on the plant bodies entering the first feed hopper through a second motor driving stirring shaft, enabling the crushed plant bodies to enter a second feed hopper through an outlet of the first feed hopper, driving a first rotating shaft to rotate through a third motor, enabling a first gear on the first rotating shaft to be meshed with a second gear for transmission, enabling the second gear to drive a second rotating shaft to rotate, namely driving a first crushing roller and a second crushing roller to preliminarily extrude oil from the crushed plants through the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft, guiding the primarily crushed slag into a squeezing cylinder, driving squeezing blades to secondarily squeeze the plant crushed bodies entering the squeezing cylinder through a first motor driving squeezing screw, and driving an annular cast-hot aluminum sleeve to heat the squeezing cylinder through a storage battery to improve the oil yield of the plant crushed bodies, and the extruded vegetable oil is led into an oil collecting tank through an oil guide pipe by multiple times of spiral extrusion of the extrusion blades, residues in the vegetable oil are filtered through a filter cylinder at the end part of the oil guide pipe, and meanwhile, the cylinder drives the piston rod to pull the circular truncated cone-shaped block, so that the circular truncated cone-shaped block opens a waste residue outlet hole on the partition plate, and waste residues squeezed in the squeezing cylinder are led into a waste residue collecting barrel through the oil guide pipe.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. pouring plant bodies to be squeezed into a first feeding hopper through strip-shaped feeding holes in two sides of the first feeding hopper, driving a spiral reamer to carry out spiral crushing on the plant bodies entering the first feeding hopper through a second motor driving stirring shaft, enabling the crushed plant bodies to enter a second feeding hopper through an outlet of the first feeding hopper, driving a first rotating shaft to rotate through a third motor, and enabling a first gear on the first rotating shaft to be meshed with a second gear for transmission, so that the second gear drives a second rotating shaft to rotate, namely, driving a first crushing roller and a second crushing roller to preliminarily extrude oil through the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft, namely, crushing the plant bodies, finishing preliminary extrusion of the plant bodies, shortening the time for subsequent oil extraction of the plants, and simultaneously improving the oil yield of the plants;
2. the plant bodies to be squeezed are led into a feeding cavity through strip-shaped feeding holes on two sides of a feeding hopper, the plant bodies are crushed through a spiral reamer in the feeding hopper I and a crushing roller II in the feeding hopper II, crushed slag is led into a squeezing barrel, a motor I drives a squeezing screw to drive a squeezing blade to carry out secondary squeezing on the plant crushing bodies entering the squeezing barrel to obtain oil, a storage battery drives an annular cast-hot aluminum sleeve to heat the squeezing barrel, the oil yield of the plant crushing bodies is improved, the squeezed plant oil is led into an oil collecting tank through an oil guide pipe by means of multiple spiral squeezing of the squeezing blade, residues in the plant oil are filtered through a filtering cylinder at the end part of the oil guide pipe, namely, the crushing process, the heat treatment process and the squeezing process of the plant oil are integrated into a single set of equipment, and the squeezing speed of the plant oil is greatly improved, the whole-line productivity of the vegetable oil is increased, and meanwhile, the labor is reduced in the vegetable oil squeezing process, and the vegetable oil squeezing cost is reduced;
3. after the vegetable oil in the squeezing cylinder is squeezed, the piston rod is driven by the air cylinder to pull the circular truncated cone-shaped block, so that the circular truncated cone-shaped block opens a waste residue outlet hole in the partition plate, the squeezing screw is driven by the motor to drive the squeezing blades to rotate, the squeezing blades realize non-stop operation in the squeezing cylinder, plant waste residue is discharged from the squeezing cylinder, and the squeezed waste residue is guided into the waste residue collecting barrel through the material guide pipeline, so that the squeezing efficiency of the vegetable oil is greatly improved, and the labor intensity of operators is reduced.
Drawings
In order to facilitate understanding for those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a schematic front structure view of a vegetable oil squeezing device.
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a feeding cavity of the vegetable oil squeezing device.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a pressing blade of a vegetable oil pressing device.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a press cylinder of the vegetable oil press apparatus.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a second feed hopper of the vegetable oil squeezing device.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a filter cartridge of a vegetable oil pressing device.
In the figure: the device comprises a squeezing box 1, a partition plate 101, a slag outlet hole 102, a chip removal cavity 2, a cylinder 201, a circular truncated cone-shaped block 202, a material guide pipeline 203, a waste chip collecting barrel 204, a squeezing cavity 3, a squeezing cylinder 301, an oil outlet 3011, a first motor 302, a squeezing screw 303, a squeezing blade 304, a support plate 305, an oil guide pipe 306, a filter drum 307, a filter screen 3071, a control valve 308, an oil collecting tank 309, a storage battery 4, a conductive plate 401, an annular cast-hot aluminum sleeve 402, a feeding cavity 5, a first feeding hopper 501, a second motor 5011, a stirring shaft 5012, a spiral reamer 5013, a transverse plate 5014, a strip-shaped feeding port 5015, a second feeding hopper 502, a protective cover 5021, a third motor 5022, a first rotating shaft 5023, a second rotating shaft 5024, a first gear 5025, a second gear 5026, a first grinding.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, in an embodiment of the present invention, a vegetable oil squeezing device includes a squeezing box 1, where the squeezing box 1 is a horizontal rectangular parallelepiped cavity structure, a partition plate 101 is vertically disposed inside the squeezing box 1, and the squeezing box 1 is divided into a chip removal cavity 2 and a squeezing cavity 3 by the partition plate 101.
The inside of the squeezing cavity 3 is horizontally provided with a squeezing cylinder 301, the squeezing cylinder 301 has a conical structure, so that the squeezing force applied to the plant body in the squeezing cavity 3 is larger, the large end of the squeezing cylinder 301 abuts against the side surface of the squeezing box 1, the small end of the squeezing cylinder 301 abuts against the partition plate 101, the outer side surface of the squeezing box 1 is provided with a motor 302 through a motor mounting seat, the output end of the motor 302 is fixedly connected with a squeezing screw 303, the other end of the squeezing screw 303 is arranged inside the squeezing cylinder 301, squeezing blades 304 are fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the squeezing screw 303 inside the squeezing cylinder 301, the bottom surface of the squeezing cylinder 301 is provided with a plurality of oil outlets 3011, the oil outlets 3011 are fixedly connected with oil guide pipes 306, the other ends of the oil guide pipes 306 penetrate through the bottom of the squeezing box 1, and the bottom ends of the oil guide pipes 306 are connected with filter cartridges 307, an oil collecting tank 309 is arranged right below the oil guide pipe 306, crushed slag primarily crushed by the feeding cavity 5 is guided into the press cylinder 301, the first motor 302 drives the extrusion screw 303 to drive the extrusion blades 304 to extrude oil out of the plant crushed body entering the press cylinder 301, and the plant oil is guided into the oil collecting tank 309 through the oil guide pipe 306.
The top of the side of the large end of the squeezing barrel 301 is connected with a feeding cavity 5 through a feeding pipeline, the feeding cavity 5 comprises a first feeding hopper 501 and a second feeding hopper 502 which are overlapped, the first feeding hopper 501 is vertically arranged above the second feeding hopper 502, the first feeding hopper 501 is of a wedge-shaped structure, a transverse plate 5014 is horizontally arranged at the top of the first feeding hopper 501, strip-shaped feeding holes 5015 are formed in two sides of the transverse plate 5014, a second motor 5011 is fixedly arranged at the surface center position of the transverse plate 5014, a stirring shaft 5012 is connected with the output end of the second motor 5011 and penetrates through the transverse plate 5014 to be arranged inside the first feeding hopper 501, spiral reamers 5013 are fixedly arranged on the stirring shaft 5012, the discharge hole of the first feeding hopper 501 is connected with the feeding holes of the second feeding hopper 502, and plant bodies to be squeezed are poured into the first feeding hopper 501, the second motor 5011 drives the stirring shaft 5012 to drive the spiral reamer 5013 to spirally crush the plant body entering the first feeding hopper 501, and the crushed plant body enters the second feeding hopper 502 through the outlet of the first feeding hopper 501.
A first rotating shaft 5023 and a second rotating shaft 5024 are arranged in the second feeding hopper 502 side by side, a first crushing roller 5027 and a second crushing roller 5028 are respectively arranged in the first rotating shaft 5023 and the second rotating shaft 5024, the first crushing roller 5027 and the second crushing roller 5028 are arranged in the second feeding hopper 502 side by side, one end of the first rotating shaft 5023 and one end of the second rotating shaft 5024 respectively penetrate through the side wall of the second feeding hopper 502 to be arranged in the protective cover 5021, a first gear 5025 and a second gear 5026 are respectively arranged on the first rotating shaft 5023 and the second rotating shaft 5024 which are positioned in the protective cover 5021, the first gear 5025 and the second gear 5026 are in inner meshing transmission in the protective cover 5021, the output end of the first rotating shaft 5023 is fixedly connected with a third motor 5022, the third motor 5022 is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the protective cover 5021, the first rotating shaft 5023 is driven to rotate by the third motor 5022, the first rotating shaft 5025 on the first rotating shaft 5023, so that the second rotating shaft 5026 drives the second rotating shaft 5024, that is, the first 5027 and the second 5028 driving shafts drive the first 5027 and the second 5028 crushing rollers to squeeze oil primarily from the crushed plants.
The inside of the chip removal cavity 2 is fixedly provided with an air cylinder 201, the end part of a piston rod of the air cylinder 201 is fixedly connected with a truncated cone-shaped block 202, the truncated cone-shaped block 202 is connected with the waste residue outlet hole 102 of the partition plate 101, the truncated cone-shaped block 202 is connected with the end face outlet of the pressing cylinder 301 through the waste residue outlet hole 102, the side face of the partition plate 101 is vertically provided with a material guide pipeline 203, the top part of the material guide pipeline 203 is positioned below the waste residue outlet hole 102, the bottom end of the material guide pipeline 203 penetrates through the pressing box 1, the waste residue collecting barrel 204 is fixedly arranged below the material guide pipeline 203, after the vegetable oil in the pressing cylinder 301 is pressed, the air cylinder 201 drives the piston rod to pull the truncated cone-shaped block 202, the truncated cone-shaped block 202 opens the waste residue outlet hole 102 on the partition plate 101, the pressing screw 303 is driven by a motor 302 to drive the pressing blade 304 to rotate, so that the pressing blade 304 realizes the non-, the plant waste residues are discharged from the pressing cylinder 301, and the pressed waste residues are guided into the waste residue collecting barrel 204 through the material guide pipeline 203, so that the pressing efficiency of the plant oil is greatly improved, and the labor intensity of operators is reduced.
The annular hot-cast aluminum sleeves 402 are fixedly arranged on the arc side face of the squeezing cylinder 301, the storage battery 4 is fixedly arranged on the external top face of the squeezing box 1, the storage battery 4 is electrically connected with the conductive plate 401 through a lead, the conductive plate 401 is electrically connected with the annular hot-cast aluminum sleeves 402 on the side face of the squeezing cylinder 301 through a plurality of leads, the annular hot-cast aluminum sleeves 402 are driven by the storage battery 4 to heat the squeezing cylinder 301, and the oil yield of the plant crushing body can be effectively improved.
The top of the oil guide pipe 306 is connected to an oil outlet 3011 of the press cylinder 301 through threads, the other end of the oil guide pipe 306 is provided with external threads, the filter cylinder 307 is of a hollow cylindrical structure with two uncovered ends, the top of the hollow cavity of the filter cylinder 307 is provided with internal threads matched with the external threads of the oil guide pipe 306, the filter cylinder 307 is connected to the oil guide pipe 306 through threads, the bottom surface of the hollow cavity of the filter cylinder 307 is provided with a filter screen 3071, squeezed vegetable oil can be filtered through the filter screen 3071, and the filter cylinder 307 is connected to the oil guide pipe 306 through threads, so that the filter cylinder 307 is convenient to disassemble, assemble and clean.
The oil conduit 306 is provided with a control valve 308 for controlling the on-off of the oil conduit 306.
A plurality of support plates 305 are vertically arranged in the press box 1, through holes for erecting the press cylinder 301 are formed in the plate surface of each support plate 305 in the horizontal direction, and the press cylinder 301 fixing frame is arranged in the through holes of the support plates 305, so that the erection of the press cylinder 301 in the press box 1 is more stable.
The radius of rotation of the pressing blade 304 in the press cylinder 301 decreases with the inclination of the press cylinder 301, so that the pressing force of the pressing blade 304 on the plant body in the press cylinder 301 is increased.
And a discharge port of the first feeding hopper 501 is positioned right below the middle position of the first crushing roller 5027 and the second crushing roller 5028 in the second feeding hopper 502.
The first crushing roller 5027 and the second crushing roller 5028 are completely identical.
The working principle is as follows: pouring plant bodies to be squeezed into the feed hopper I501 through strip-shaped feed inlets 5015 on two sides of the feed hopper I501, driving a stirring shaft 5012 through a motor II 5011 to drive a spiral reamer 5013 to spirally crush the plant bodies entering the feed hopper I501, enabling the crushed plant bodies to enter a feed hopper II 502 through an outlet of the feed hopper I501, driving a rotating shaft I5023 to rotate through a motor III 5022, enabling a gear I5025 on the rotating shaft I5023 to be in meshing transmission with a gear II 5026, enabling the gear II 5026 to drive a rotating shaft II 5024 to rotate, namely driving a crushing roller I5027 and a crushing roller II 5028 through the rotating shaft I5026 and the rotating shaft II 5027 to preliminarily extrude the crushed plants to extract oil, guiding the primarily crushed slag into a squeezing barrel 301, driving a squeezing screw 303 through a motor I302 to drive a squeezing blade 304 to secondarily squeeze the crushed plant bodies entering the squeezing barrel 301 to extract oil, the storage battery 4 drives the annular cast-hot aluminum sleeve 402 to heat the pressing cylinder 301, so that the oil yield of the plant crushing body is improved, the extruded vegetable oil is led into the oil receiving tank 309 through the oil guide pipe 306 by multiple times of spiral extrusion of the extrusion blades 304, residues in the vegetable oil are filtered through the filter drum 307 at the end of the oil guide pipe 306, meanwhile, the cylinder 201 drives the piston rod to pull the circular truncated cone-shaped block 202, the circular truncated cone-shaped block 202 opens the waste residue outlet hole 102 in the partition plate 101, and waste residues pressed in the pressing cylinder 301 are led into the waste residue collecting barrel 204 through the material guide pipe 203.
The foregoing is merely exemplary and illustrative of the present invention and various modifications, additions and substitutions may be made by those skilled in the art to the specific embodiments described without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Claims (10)

1. The vegetable oil squeezing device is characterized in that: the squeezing box is characterized by comprising a squeezing box (1), wherein the squeezing box (1) is of a horizontal cuboid cavity structure, a partition plate (101) is vertically arranged inside the squeezing box (1), and the squeezing box (1) is divided into a chip removal cavity (2) and a squeezing cavity (3) through the partition plate (101);
the squeezing cavity (3) is internally and horizontally provided with a squeezing barrel (301), the squeezing barrel (301) is of a conical structure, one end of the large end of the squeezing barrel (301) is abutted against the side surface of the squeezing box (1), one end of the small end of the squeezing barrel (301) is abutted against the partition plate (101), the outer side surface of the squeezing box (1) is provided with a motor I (302) through a motor mounting seat, the output end of the motor I (302) is fixedly connected with a squeezing screw (303), the other end of the squeezing screw (303) is arranged in the squeezing barrel (301), squeezing blades (304) are fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the squeezing screw (303) positioned in the squeezing barrel (301), the bottom surface of the squeezing barrel (301) is provided with a plurality of oil outlets (3011), the oil outlets (3011) are fixedly connected with an oil guide pipe (306), and the other end of the oil guide pipe (306) penetrates through the bottom of the squeezing box (1), the bottom end of the oil guide pipe (306) is connected with a filter cylinder (307), an oil collecting tank (309) is arranged right below the oil guide pipe (306), the top of the side surface of one large end of the press cylinder (301) is connected with a feeding cavity (5) through a feeding pipeline, the feeding cavity (5) comprises a feeding hopper I (501) and a feeding hopper II (502) which are overlapped, and the feeding hopper I (501) is vertically arranged above the feeding hopper II (502);
the feeding hopper I (501) is of a wedge-shaped structure, a transverse plate (5014) is horizontally arranged at the top of the feeding hopper I (501), strip-shaped feeding holes (5015) are formed in two sides of the transverse plate (5014), a motor II (5011) is fixedly arranged at the surface center of the transverse plate (5014), the output end of the motor II (5011) is connected with a stirring shaft (5012), the stirring shaft (5012) penetrates through the transverse plate (5014) and is arranged inside the feeding hopper I (501), a spiral reamer (5013) is fixedly arranged on the stirring shaft (5012), and a discharging hole of the feeding hopper I (501) is connected with the feeding hole of the feeding hopper II (502);
a first rotating shaft (5023) and a second rotating shaft (5024) are arranged in the feed hopper II (502) side by side, a first grinding roller (5027) and a second grinding roller (5028) are respectively arranged on the first rotating shaft (5023) and the second rotating shaft (5024), the first crushing roller (5027) and the second crushing roller (5028) are arranged in the feed hopper in parallel in the feed hopper II (502), one ends of the first rotating shaft (5023) and the second rotating shaft (5024) respectively penetrate through the side wall of the second feeding hopper (502) and are arranged inside the protective cover (5021), a first gear (5025) and a second gear (5026) are respectively arranged on the first rotating shaft (5023) and the second rotating shaft (5024) which are positioned in the protective cover (5021), the first gear (5025) and the second gear (5026) are in inner meshing transmission in the protective cover (5021), the output end of the first rotating shaft (5023) is fixedly connected with a third motor (5022), and the third motor (5022) is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the protective cover (5021).
2. The vegetable oil squeezing device according to claim 1, characterized in that an air cylinder (201) is fixedly arranged inside the chip removal cavity (2), a circular truncated cone-shaped block (202) is fixedly connected to the end of a piston rod of the air cylinder (201), the circular truncated cone-shaped block (202) is clamped on the waste residue outlet hole (102) of the partition plate (101), the circular truncated cone-shaped block (202) is connected to the end face outlet of the squeezing barrel (301) through the waste residue outlet hole (102), a material guide pipeline (203) is vertically arranged on the side face of the partition plate (101), the top of the material guide pipeline (203) is positioned below the waste residue outlet hole (102), the bottom end of the material guide pipeline (203) penetrates through the squeezing box (1) and a waste chip collecting barrel (204) is fixedly arranged below the material guide pipeline (203).
3. The vegetable oil squeezing device according to claim 1, characterized in that a plurality of annular cast-hot aluminum sleeves (402) are fixedly arranged on the arc side surface of the squeezing cylinder (301), a storage battery (4) is fixedly arranged on the outer top surface of the squeezing box (1), the storage battery (4) is electrically connected with a conductive plate (401) through a lead, and the conductive plate (401) is electrically connected with the annular cast-hot aluminum sleeves (402) on the side surface of the squeezing cylinder (301) through a plurality of leads.
4. The vegetable oil squeezing device according to claim 1, characterized in that the top of the oil conduit (306) is connected to the oil outlet (3011) of the squeezing cylinder (301) through a screw thread, the other end of the oil conduit (306) is provided with an external screw thread, the filter cartridge (307) is a hollow cylindrical structure with two uncovered ends, the top of the hollow cavity of the filter cartridge (307) is provided with an internal screw thread matched with the external screw thread of the oil conduit (306), the filter cartridge (307) is connected to the oil conduit (306) through a screw thread, and the bottom surface of the hollow cavity of the filter cartridge (307) is provided with a filter screen (3071).
5. The vegetable oil squeezing device according to claim 1, wherein a control valve (308) is provided on the oil guide pipe (306).
6. The vegetable oil squeezing device according to claim 1, characterized in that a plurality of support plates (305) are vertically arranged inside the squeezing box (1), the plate surfaces of the support plates (305) are horizontally provided with through holes for erecting squeezing cylinders (301), and the squeezing cylinders (301) are fixed in the through holes of the support plates (305).
7. A vegetable oil press according to claim 1, characterized in that the radius of rotation of the pressing blade (304) inside the press drum (301) decreases in sequence with the inclination of the press drum (301).
8. The vegetable oil squeezing device according to claim 1, wherein a discharge port of the first feeding hopper (501) is located right below a middle position of the first crushing roller (5027) and the second crushing roller (5028) in the second feeding hopper (502).
9. The vegetable oil squeezing device according to claim 8, wherein the first crushing roller (5027) and the second crushing roller (5028) are identical.
10. A use method of a vegetable oil squeezing device is characterized in that a vegetable body to be squeezed is poured into a first feed hopper (501) through strip-shaped feed inlets (5015) on two sides of the first feed hopper (501), a second motor (5011) drives a stirring shaft (5012) to drive a spiral reamer (5013) to carry out spiral crushing on the vegetable body entering the first feed hopper (501), the crushed vegetable body enters a second feed hopper (502) through an outlet of the first feed hopper (501), a third motor (5022) drives a first rotating shaft (5023) to rotate, the first gear (5025) on the first rotating shaft (5023) is in meshing transmission with a second gear (5026), so that the second gear (5026) drives a second rotating shaft (5024) to rotate, namely, the first grinding roller (5027) and the second grinding roller (5028) are driven by the first rotating shaft (5026) and the second rotating shaft (5027) to preliminarily squeeze the crushed vegetable oil, guiding the primarily crushed slag into a press cylinder (301), driving an extrusion screw (303) through a motor I (302) to drive an extrusion blade (304) to carry out secondary extrusion oil discharge on the plant crushed body entering the press cylinder (301), and the storage battery (4) drives the annular cast-hot aluminum sleeve (402) to heat the pressing cylinder (301), so as to improve the oil yield of the plant crushing body, and the extruded vegetable oil is led into an oil receiving tank (309) through an oil guide pipe (306) by a plurality of times of spiral extrusion of the extrusion blade (304), filtering residues in the vegetable oil through a filter drum (307) at the end part of the oil guide pipe (306), meanwhile, the piston rod is driven by the air cylinder (201) to pull the circular truncated cone-shaped block (202), so that the circular truncated cone-shaped block (202) opens a waste residue outlet hole (102) on the partition plate (101), and waste residue squeezed in the squeezing cylinder (301) is guided into a waste residue collecting barrel (204) through a material guide pipeline (203).
CN202010183054.1A 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 Vegetable oil squeezing device and using method thereof Pending CN111361194A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010183054.1A CN111361194A (en) 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 Vegetable oil squeezing device and using method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010183054.1A CN111361194A (en) 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 Vegetable oil squeezing device and using method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111361194A true CN111361194A (en) 2020-07-03

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010183054.1A Pending CN111361194A (en) 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 Vegetable oil squeezing device and using method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111361194A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111844854A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-10-30 陈超 Full-automatic screw oil press with high oil yield
CN112250385A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-01-22 舒城诚鑫建材有限公司 Light flame-retardant heat-insulating material for building exterior wall and preparation method thereof
CN114471818A (en) * 2022-04-18 2022-05-13 海安县联海机械有限公司 Multistage screening type circulating cooling ash cooling barrel and implementation method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111844854A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-10-30 陈超 Full-automatic screw oil press with high oil yield
CN112250385A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-01-22 舒城诚鑫建材有限公司 Light flame-retardant heat-insulating material for building exterior wall and preparation method thereof
CN114471818A (en) * 2022-04-18 2022-05-13 海安县联海机械有限公司 Multistage screening type circulating cooling ash cooling barrel and implementation method thereof

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