CN111262524A - Solar photovoltaic panel cooling device - Google Patents

Solar photovoltaic panel cooling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111262524A
CN111262524A CN202010085262.8A CN202010085262A CN111262524A CN 111262524 A CN111262524 A CN 111262524A CN 202010085262 A CN202010085262 A CN 202010085262A CN 111262524 A CN111262524 A CN 111262524A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar photovoltaic
photovoltaic panel
heat dissipation
cooling device
metal
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010085262.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
闫帅
邱宽宽
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Changzhou University
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Changzhou University
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Publication date
Application filed by Changzhou University filed Critical Changzhou University
Priority to CN202010085262.8A priority Critical patent/CN111262524A/en
Publication of CN111262524A publication Critical patent/CN111262524A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/40Thermal components
    • H02S40/42Cooling means
    • H02S40/425Cooling means using a gaseous or a liquid coolant, e.g. air flow ventilation, water circulation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

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  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a solar photovoltaic panel cooling device which comprises a solar photovoltaic panel arranged obliquely, wherein a frame is arranged at the bottom of the solar photovoltaic panel, a detachable heat dissipation device is arranged at the top of the frame, a metal plate is arranged at the bottom of the solar photovoltaic panel, an arched cavity is formed in the metal plate, and a detachable metal shell is arranged at the bottom of the frame. In the invention, the cavity is arranged in the metal plate made of the copper material, so that the cooling liquid flows in the cavity, and the heat on the metal plate is quickly generated, thereby the heat of the solar photovoltaic cell panel is dissipated.

Description

Solar photovoltaic panel cooling device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of solar photovoltaic panels, in particular to a solar photovoltaic panel cooling device.
Background
The current society is a resource-scarce society. Solar energy is widely used as an environment-friendly energy source. Solar panels are devices that convert solar radiation energy directly or indirectly into electrical energy through the photoelectric or photochemical effect by absorbing sunlight. Compared with the conventional power generation technology, the solar power generation technology has the advantages that solar energy is used as a clean and pollution-free new energy, and is inexhaustible energy, and the solar power generation technology is vigorously developed. Therefore, a solar module or a solar curtain wall, etc. is presented as a power generation carrier.
However, in the existing solar photovoltaic module, the solar cell panel can generate higher temperature when working, thereby affecting the normal work of the cell panel, shortening the service life of the cell panel and causing waste.
Through search, the Chinese patent names are: the utility model provides a take two cooling device's solar photovoltaic curtain board, the authorization publication number is: CN105450172B, it includes transparent toughened glass protection shield, wind-guiding chamber box, the air outlet, metal substrate, solar photovoltaic cell panel, the water pipe mouth, the triangular support piece, photoelectric conversion device, the gyro wheel, a pedestal, the support column, the water tank, a water pump, the fan, guide duct and water inlet hose, set up the top at solar photovoltaic cell panel through transparent toughened glass protection shield, protect solar photovoltaic cell panel, metal substrate sets up the bottom at solar photovoltaic cell panel, solar photovoltaic cell panel gives metal substrate with heat transfer, then dispel the heat to metal substrate through air-cooled mode and water-cooled mode, thereby reached and carried out radiating effect to solar photovoltaic cell panel.
But the device can only dispel the heat through the metal soleplate to installing in the photovoltaic cell board bottom, can not directly dispel the heat to solar photovoltaic cell board, and the radiating effect is relatively poor, and in addition, still there is the dust adhesion on the surface of transparent toughened glass protection shield, influences the transmittance of transparent toughened glass protection shield, reduces solar photovoltaic cell board and turns into the efficiency of electric energy with solar energy.
Therefore, a solar photovoltaic panel cooling device is provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a solar photovoltaic panel cooling device to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a solar photovoltaic panel cooling device comprises a solar photovoltaic panel which is obliquely arranged, wherein a frame is installed at the bottom of the solar photovoltaic panel, a detachable heat dissipation device is installed at the top of the frame, a metal plate is arranged at the bottom of the solar photovoltaic panel, a bow-shaped cavity is formed in the metal plate, a detachable metal shell is installed at the bottom of the frame, a conveying mechanism is installed at the inner bottom of the metal shell, the output end of the conveying mechanism is connected with the input end of the cavity through a liquid inlet pipe, the input end of the conveying mechanism is connected with a container box through a pipeline, the input end of the container box is connected with the output end of the cavity through a conveying pipe, and a heat dissipation mechanism is installed on the outer side wall of the;
the interior bottom of metal casing still installs controller and photoelectric conversion device, a plurality of temperature sensor are installed to solar photovoltaic cell panel's bottom, the controller pass through the wire respectively with conveying mechanism, heat abstractor, temperature sensor and photoelectric conversion device electric connection, supporting mechanism is installed to metal casing's bottom.
Preferably, the heat dissipation device is used for dissipating heat of the solar photovoltaic cell panel, the heat dissipation device is obliquely arranged, and the heat dissipation device is formed by arranging a plurality of heat dissipation fans.
Preferably, the conveying mechanism comprises a water pump installed at the bottom in the metal shell, and the water pump is electrically connected with the controller through a lead.
Preferably, the heat dissipation mechanism comprises a heat dissipation sheet arranged on the container box, an extraction fan is arranged on the heat dissipation sheet, the extraction fan is electrically connected with the controller through a wire, and an air outlet corresponding to the extraction fan is arranged on the metal shell.
Preferably, an air inlet is formed in the metal shell and is located above the air outlet.
Preferably, the supporting mechanism comprises a supporting column fixedly connected to the bottom of the metal shell, the bottom of the supporting column is fixedly connected with a base, and two ends of the supporting column are respectively perpendicular to the metal shell and the base.
Preferably, the outer side wall of the supporting column is connected with the bottom of the metal shell through a connecting rod.
Preferably, the material of metal sheet, the material of container case, the material of conveyer pipe and the material of feed liquor pipe are the copper product.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
in the invention, the cavity is arranged in the metal plate made of the copper material, so that the cooling liquid flows in the cavity, and the heat on the metal plate is quickly generated, thereby the heat of the solar photovoltaic cell panel is dissipated. This cooling device can carry out real-time detection to solar photovoltaic cell panel's temperature, and when solar photovoltaic cell panel's temperature was less than the threshold value, water pump, heat abstractor and extraction fan were in the off-state, and when solar photovoltaic cell panel's temperature was higher than the threshold value, water pump, heat abstractor and extraction fan operation dispelled the heat to solar photovoltaic cell panel, can practice thrift the electric power resource, and intelligent degree is higher, and the radiating effect is better, has fine practicality.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a solar photovoltaic panel cooling device according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of an internal structure of a solar photovoltaic panel cooling device according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a connection structure of a metal plate, a cavity, a liquid inlet pipe and a delivery pipe in the solar photovoltaic panel cooling device provided by the invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic view of a connection structure of a container box, a heat sink and an exhaust fan in the solar photovoltaic panel cooling device according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a heat dissipation device in a solar photovoltaic panel cooling device according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a metal housing; 2. a heat sink; 3. a solar photovoltaic cell panel; 4. a frame; 5. a connecting rod; 6. a support pillar; 7. a base; 8. an exhaust fan; 9. a liquid inlet pipe; 10. a water pump; 11. a container box; 12. a controller; 13. a delivery pipe; 14. a temperature sensor; 15. a metal plate; 16. a cavity; 17. an air inlet; 18. a photoelectric conversion device; 19. and a heat sink.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, the invention further provides a solar photovoltaic panel cooling device, which comprises a solar photovoltaic panel 3 arranged in an inclined manner, wherein a frame 4 is installed at the bottom of the solar photovoltaic panel 3, a detachable heat dissipation device 2 is installed at the top of the frame 4, the heat dissipation device 2 is used for dissipating heat of the solar photovoltaic panel 3, the heat dissipation device 2 is arranged in an inclined manner, the heat dissipation device 2 is formed by arranging a plurality of heat dissipation fans, and the heat dissipation fans are deionization fans and can remove dust on the surface of the solar photovoltaic panel 3 and dissipate heat of the solar photovoltaic panel 3.
Wherein, the bottom of the solar photovoltaic cell panel 3 is provided with a metal plate 15, the metal plate 15 is provided with a bow-shaped cavity 16, the bottom of the frame 4 is provided with a detachable metal shell 1, the inner bottom of the metal shell 1 is provided with a conveying mechanism, the output end of the conveying mechanism is connected with the input end of the cavity 16 through a liquid inlet pipe 9, the input end of the conveying mechanism is connected with a container box 11 through a pipeline, the input end of the container box 11 is connected with the output end of the cavity 16 through a conveying pipe 13, and the cooling liquid in the container box 11 is conveyed into the cavity 16 on the metal plate 15, then the cooling liquid in the cavity 16 is conveyed into the container box 11 for cooling, the cooling liquid in the cavity 16 is conveyed into the container box 11 and has heat on the metal plate 15, so that the solar photovoltaic cell panel 3 can be rapidly cooled, and the cooling efficiency is realized by a mode of installing a cooling pipeline on the metal plate 15 for cooling.
Further, conveying mechanism is including installing the water pump 10 at the bottom in metal casing 1, and water pump 10 passes through wire and controller 12 electric connection, makes the coolant liquid circulate between container box 11 and cavity 16, improves the radiating efficiency to solar photovoltaic cell panel 3.
Wherein, heat dissipation mechanism is installed to the lateral wall of container 11, and heat dissipation mechanism is provided with extraction fan 8 including setting up fin 19 on container 11 on fin 19, extraction fan 8 passes through wire and controller 12 electric connection, is equipped with the air outlet that corresponds with extraction fan 8 on the metal casing 1, carries out quick heat dissipation to the coolant liquid in the container 11.
Furthermore, an air inlet 17 is arranged on the metal shell 1, and the air inlet 17 is positioned above the air outlet to keep the air inside the metal shell 1 circulating.
Wherein, controller 12 and photoelectric conversion device 18 are still installed to metal casing 1's interior bottom, a plurality of temperature sensor 14 are installed to solar photovoltaic cell panel 3's bottom, controller 12 pass through the wire respectively with conveying mechanism, heat abstractor 2, temperature sensor 14 and 18 electric connection of photoelectric conversion device, temperature sensor 14's effect is to carrying out temperature detection to solar photovoltaic cell panel 3, and give controller 12 with the temperature data transmission who detects, whether the temperature data judgement that controller 12 detected according to temperature sensor 14 exceeds the threshold value, then control water pump 10, heat abstractor 2 and suction fan 8 carry out work, dispel the heat to solar photovoltaic cell panel 3.
Wherein, supporting mechanism is installed to metal casing 1's bottom, and supporting mechanism includes fixed connection at the support column 6 of 1 bottom of metal casing, the bottom fixedly connected with base 7 of support column 6, and the both ends of support column 6 set up with metal casing 1 and base 7 are perpendicular respectively, support metal casing 1.
Further, the outer side wall of the support column 6 is connected with the bottom of the metal shell 1 through the connecting rod 5, so that the stability of supporting the metal shell 1 is improved.
Further, the material of metal sheet 15, the material of container 11, the material of conveyer pipe 13 and the material of feed liquor pipe 9 are the copper product, and the heat conductivity of copper product is better, is favorable to quick heat dissipation.
In the invention, when the solar photovoltaic cell panel 3 receives sunlight, solar energy is converted into electric energy, the temperature sensor 14 detects the temperature of the running solar photovoltaic cell panel 3 and transmits the detected temperature data to the controller 12, the controller 12 judges whether the temperature data detected by the temperature sensor 14 exceeds a threshold value or not, then the water pump 10, the heat dissipation device 2 and the exhaust fan 8 are controlled to work to dissipate heat of the solar photovoltaic cell panel 3, the cooling device can detect the temperature of the solar photovoltaic cell panel 3 in real time, when the temperature of the solar photovoltaic cell panel 3 is lower than the threshold value, the water pump 10, the heat dissipation device 2 and the exhaust fan 8 are in a closed state, when the temperature of the solar photovoltaic cell panel 3 is higher than the threshold value, the water pump 10, the heat dissipation device 2 and the exhaust fan 8 run to dissipate heat of the solar photovoltaic cell panel 3, can practice thrift power resources, intelligent degree is higher, and the radiating effect is better, has fine practicality.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The solar photovoltaic panel cooling device is characterized by comprising a solar photovoltaic panel (3) which is obliquely arranged, wherein a frame (4) is installed at the bottom of the solar photovoltaic panel (3), a detachable heat dissipation device (2) is installed at the top of the frame (4), a metal plate (15) is arranged at the bottom of the solar photovoltaic panel (3), a cavity (16) which is in an arc shape is formed in the metal plate (15), a detachable metal shell (1) is installed at the bottom of the frame (4), a conveying mechanism is installed at the inner bottom of the metal shell (1), the output end of the conveying mechanism is connected with the input end of the cavity (16) through a liquid inlet pipe (9), the input end of the conveying mechanism is connected with a container box (11) through a pipeline, the input end of the container box (11) is connected with the output end of the cavity (16) through a conveying pipe (13), the outer side wall of the container box (11) is provided with a heat dissipation mechanism;
controller (12) and photoelectric conversion device (18) are still installed to the interior bottom of metal casing (1), a plurality of temperature sensor (14) are installed to the bottom of solar photovoltaic cell panel (3), controller (12) pass through the wire respectively with conveying mechanism, heat abstractor (2), temperature sensor (14) and photoelectric conversion device (18) electric connection, supporting mechanism is installed to the bottom of metal casing (1).
2. The solar photovoltaic panel cooling device according to claim 1, wherein the heat dissipation device (2) is used for dissipating heat of the solar photovoltaic panel (3), the heat dissipation device (2) is disposed obliquely, and the heat dissipation device (2) is composed of a plurality of heat dissipation fans in an array.
3. The solar photovoltaic panel cooling device according to claim 1, wherein the conveying mechanism comprises a water pump (10) installed at the bottom inside the metal shell (1), and the water pump (10) is electrically connected with the controller (12) through a lead.
4. The solar photovoltaic panel cooling device according to claim 1, wherein the heat dissipation mechanism comprises a heat dissipation plate (19) disposed on the container box (11), the heat dissipation plate (19) is provided with an air extraction fan (8), the air extraction fan (8) is electrically connected to the controller (12) through a wire, and the metal casing (1) is provided with an air outlet corresponding to the air extraction fan (8).
5. The solar photovoltaic panel cooling device according to claim 4, wherein the metal casing (1) is provided with an air inlet (17), and the air inlet (17) is located above the air outlet.
6. The solar photovoltaic panel cooling device according to claim 1, wherein the supporting mechanism comprises a supporting column (6) fixedly connected to the bottom of the metal shell (1), a base (7) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the supporting column (6), and two ends of the supporting column (6) are respectively perpendicular to the metal shell (1) and the base (7).
7. The solar photovoltaic panel cooling device according to claim 6, wherein the outer side wall of the support column (6) is connected with the bottom of the metal shell (1) through a connecting rod (5).
8. The solar photovoltaic panel cooling device according to claim 1, wherein the metal plate (15), the container (11), the delivery pipe (13) and the liquid inlet pipe (9) are made of copper.
CN202010085262.8A 2020-02-10 2020-02-10 Solar photovoltaic panel cooling device Pending CN111262524A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010085262.8A CN111262524A (en) 2020-02-10 2020-02-10 Solar photovoltaic panel cooling device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010085262.8A CN111262524A (en) 2020-02-10 2020-02-10 Solar photovoltaic panel cooling device

Publications (1)

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CN111262524A true CN111262524A (en) 2020-06-09

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111817663A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-10-23 北京中能融创能源科技有限公司 Photovoltaic module and photovoltaic energy storage system
IL285827B (en) * 2021-08-24 2022-10-01 Univ Malta System for cooling a solar panel assembly

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105450172A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-30 苏州华安普电力科技股份有限公司 Solar photovoltaic curtain plate with dual-cooling apparatus
CN108616242A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-10-02 北京嘉寓门窗幕墙股份有限公司 For in desert photovoltaic plate supporting device and photovoltaic panel is dust-proof and cooling means

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105450172A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-30 苏州华安普电力科技股份有限公司 Solar photovoltaic curtain plate with dual-cooling apparatus
CN108616242A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-10-02 北京嘉寓门窗幕墙股份有限公司 For in desert photovoltaic plate supporting device and photovoltaic panel is dust-proof and cooling means

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111817663A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-10-23 北京中能融创能源科技有限公司 Photovoltaic module and photovoltaic energy storage system
IL285827B (en) * 2021-08-24 2022-10-01 Univ Malta System for cooling a solar panel assembly
IL285827B2 (en) * 2021-08-24 2023-02-01 Univ Malta System for cooling a solar panel assembly

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