CN111249841B - Environment-friendly gas purification equipment for chemical plant - Google Patents

Environment-friendly gas purification equipment for chemical plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111249841B
CN111249841B CN202010134221.3A CN202010134221A CN111249841B CN 111249841 B CN111249841 B CN 111249841B CN 202010134221 A CN202010134221 A CN 202010134221A CN 111249841 B CN111249841 B CN 111249841B
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dust
gas
dust removal
barrel
groups
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CN202010134221.3A
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CN111249841A (en
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毛金霞
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Environmental protection technology (Hai'an) Co., Ltd
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Environmental Protection Technology Hai'an Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202010983979.4A priority Critical patent/CN112206622A/en
Priority to CN202010982148.5A priority patent/CN112206621A/en
Priority to CN202010134221.3A priority patent/CN111249841B/en
Publication of CN111249841A publication Critical patent/CN111249841A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/20Combinations of devices covered by groups B01D45/00 and B01D46/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • B01D53/04Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography with stationary adsorbents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/77Liquid phase processes
    • B01D53/78Liquid phase processes with gas-liquid contact
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2253/00Adsorbents used in seperation treatment of gases and vapours
    • B01D2253/10Inorganic adsorbents
    • B01D2253/102Carbon

Abstract

The invention discloses an environment-friendly gas purification device for a chemical plant, which comprises a base, a casing, a dust removal mechanism, an air filtering mechanism and a dust collecting mechanism, a casing is arranged above the base, a dust removal mechanism, a dust collection mechanism and an air filtering mechanism are sequentially arranged on the base from left to right, the dust removing mechanism separates the particle pollutants in the gas from the gas through the self gravity, the dust collecting mechanism collects the particle pollutants filtered by the dust removing mechanism, the gas filtering mechanism is scientific and reasonable, is safe and convenient to use, filters the particle pollutants through the gravity of the particle pollutants and the inertia during descending, filters chemical waste gas contained in the gas in a chemical reaction mode, and reduces the discharge of the waste gas in chemical production through the dust removing mechanism and the gas filtering mechanism.

Description

Environment-friendly gas purification equipment for chemical plant
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field, in particular to environment-friendly gas purification equipment for a chemical plant.
Background
In the prior art, waste gas purification mainly refers to the treatment of industrial waste gas generated in industrial places, such as dust particles, smoke and dust, peculiar smell gas and toxic and harmful gas.
Common waste gas purification includes factory smoke waste gas purification, workshop dust waste gas purification, organic waste gas purification, waste gas peculiar smell purification, acid-base waste gas purification, chemical waste gas purification and the like. The waste gas purifying equipment is widely applied to industries of chemical plants, electronic plants, paint spraying plants, automobile plants, coating plants, petrochemical industry, furniture plants, food plants, rubber plants, plastic plants and the like which generate peculiar smell, stink and toxic and harmful gases.
Traditional exhaust gas purification device mainly utilizes active carbon to adsorb, and active carbon purifies to the physical process, and the waste gas that only passes through active carbon still contains some impurity and dust, and purifying effect is unsatisfactory, and in order to reduce harmful gas diffusion, need purify with the method of chemistry, has medicament absorption method, catalytic combustion method, plasma purification method etc. that use at present, and these methods all use more singlely, can not comprehensive complete reach purifying effect.
Therefore, there is a need for an environmentally friendly gas purification apparatus for chemical plants to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide environment-friendly gas purification equipment for a chemical plant, which aims to solve the problems in the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a chemical plant uses gaseous clarification plant of environment-friendly, this gaseous clarification plant includes base, cover shell, dust removal mechanism, strains gas mechanism, collection dirt mechanism, the base top is provided with the cover shell, has set gradually dust removal mechanism, collection dirt mechanism, strain gas mechanism from left to right on the base, and dust removal mechanism makes the particulate contamination in the gas pass through self gravity and gas separation, the particulate contamination after dust removal mechanism filters is collected to collection dirt mechanism, strain gas mechanism and carry out secondary filter to the gas that does not contain particulate contamination. The base is to the cover shell, the installation of parts such as dust removal mechanism provides the erection bracing, the cover shell is to dust removal mechanism, parts such as collection dirt mechanism protect, dust removal mechanism makes the particulate contamination in the gas through self gravity and gas separation, collection dirt mechanism collects the particulate contamination after dust removal mechanism filters, strain the gas mechanism and carry out secondary filter to the gas that does not contain particulate contamination, dust removal mechanism filters particulate contamination through the gravity of particulate contamination self and inertia when descending, strain the gas mechanism and filter the chemical waste gas that contains in the gas through chemical reaction's mode, reduce the discharge of waste gas in the chemical production through dust removal mechanism and strain the gas mechanism.
As a preferred technical scheme, the gas purification equipment further comprises at least two groups of supporting plates, the dust removal mechanism is arranged on the supporting plates and comprises a dust removal barrel and a vibration component, the dust removal barrel is arranged on the two groups of supporting plates, the vibration component is arranged on the dust removal barrel, a dust outlet hopper is arranged below the dust removal barrel, the dust removal barrel is used for carrying out primary filtration on gas containing particle pollutants, and the vibration component is used for carrying out secondary filtration on the gas containing the particle pollutants; the gas filtering mechanism comprises a reaction box and a gas filtering box, wherein the reaction box is used for carrying out primary filtering on gas without particle pollutants, and the gas filtering box is used for carrying out secondary filtering on the gas without particle pollutants; the dust collection mechanism comprises a dust collection barrel for collecting particle pollutants, and the dust collection barrel is positioned below the dust removal barrel. The support plate supports the dust removing mechanism in space, the dust removing barrel performs primary filtration on chemical gas through the downward spiral vent hole, the vibration component performs secondary filtration on the primary filtered gas through the dust removing net and performs up-and-down vibration on the dust removing net to enable particle pollutants accumulated on the dust removing net to be separated from the dust removing net, the dust outlet hopper is matched with the dust collecting barrel to collect the filtered particle pollutants, the reaction box performs chemical reaction on harmful components (such as sulfur compounds, chlorine compounds and the like) in the gas through reaction liquid in the reaction box, emission of harmful gas is reduced, and the gas box deodorizes the gas after the chemical reaction through liquid in the gas box to reduce pungent smell of the gas.
According to the preferable technical scheme, the dust removing barrel is provided with the vent hole, the dust removing barrel is sequentially provided with the limiting cylinder and the synchronous cylinder from bottom to top, the limiting cylinder is provided with the limiting block, the synchronous cylinder is provided with the synchronous block, the dust collecting hopper is arranged below the dust removing barrel, and the dust discharging hopper is arranged below the dust collecting hopper. The air vent is a chemical gas flow channel, the air vent is a spiral downward channel, when the gas drives the particle pollutants to flow in the air vent, due to the self weight of the particle pollutants, when flowing in the channel, the gas can be separated from the gas, fall on the channel and flow out of the channel under the drive of the gas flow in the channel, the limiting cylinder drives the limiting block to move, the limiting block is provided with a groove and a group of struts are placed in the groove, wherein spacing cylinder, synchronous cylinder are four groups, four spacing cylinders of group simultaneous workings to make the dust removal net rotate certain angle in the layer of giving vent to anger through recess and pillar, synchronous cylinder makes the synchronizing block remove, and the synchronizing block removes the left side below of runner and plays the effect of restriction pivoted to the runner, and the dust hopper dredges the particulate pollutant that flows out in to the air vent passageway to flow to, makes the particulate pollutant flow to in the dust collection bucket of dust hopper below through the opening of dust hopper intermediate position.
According to the preferable technical scheme, the dust removal barrel is a three-layer dust removal barrel, the dust removal barrel is provided with an air outlet layer, a vibration layer and a ventilation layer from inside to outside, the ventilation layer is internally provided with a vent hole, the vent hole is a spiral vent hole, the vibration layer is internally provided with a limiting cylinder and a synchronous cylinder, and the air outlet layer is internally provided with a dust removal net in a vibration assembly. Go out the passageway that the gas layer flows to next gas treatment mechanism for having a small amount or micro tiny particle pollutant, it removes dust to install the net in the gas layer to go out, it is formed that the circle and the dust removal sack that the dust removal net was made by the corrosion resistance material combine together, it filters tiny particle pollutant in the gas to remove dust the net, and filter to particle pollutant for a long time and can make particle pollutant form the one deck primary layer on the net surface that removes dust, it provides the filter effect of particle pollutant to increase the dust removal net, be provided with the vibrations subassembly in the vibrations layer, the vibrations subassembly shakes the dust removal net, make the online particle pollutant of removing dust break away from the dust removal net, reach the clearance effect to the dust removal net, spacing cylinder provides power to the rotation of removing dust in the vibrations subassembly, synchronous cylinder makes the runner in the vibrations subassembly keep synchronous rotation.
As preferred technical scheme, the vibrations subassembly includes axis of rotation, reverser, counter shaft, the axis of rotation runs through the vibrations layer, and axis of rotation one end sets up on the layer of ventilating, and the other end setting of axis of rotation is provided with the blade on the reverser, the blade sets up in the venthole, the reverser sets up in the vibrations layer, counter shaft one end sets up on the reverser, and the other end setting of counter shaft is on a gas layer, is provided with the runner on the counter shaft, be provided with four at least groups of extension boards on the dust removal net, extension board one end runs through out the gas layer and is arranged in the vibrations layer, and the extension board is arranged in one of vibrations layer and serves and is provided with two sets of pillars. The axis of rotation provides the installation support for the installation of blade, the blade sets up in the air vent, and rotate under the drive of the gas that flows in the air vent, and drive the axis of rotation and rotate together, the axis of rotation is with during pivoted power transmission to the reverser, the reverse output of reverser, make the rotation direction of reversal axle opposite with the rotation direction of axis of rotation, the reversal axle rotates and sets up on the dust removal bucket, be provided with the runner on the reversal axle, the runner obtains rotation power through the reversal axle, extension board connection dust removal net and pillar, pillar and runner are mutually supported, the pillar moves up under the drive of runner, break away from behind the runner and lean on gravity free fall, rise repeatedly and fall, reach the vibrations effect to the dust removal net, a set of pillar sets up on the stopper, another set of pillar and runner are mutually supported and realize the vibrations of dust removal net.
According to a preferable technical scheme, at least two groups of filter plates are arranged in the reaction box, at least two groups of filter plates are arranged in the gas filtering box, one ends of the two groups of filter plates are stacked mutually, and the two groups of filter plates are matched with each other to block bubbles generated in the reaction box and the gas filtering box. The filter plates are made of anti-corrosion materials, one ends of the two groups of filter plates are stacked mutually and are not in contact with each other, and the mutual matching of the two groups of filter plates enables the rising space of bubbles to change, so that the bubbles are prevented from entering the air filtering box or entering the air outside the equipment.
According to a preferable technical scheme, the dust collection mechanism further comprises a conveying belt, the conveying belt is located between the two groups of supporting plates, two groups of positioning plates are arranged on the conveying belt, an upper end cover is arranged at the upper end of the dust collection barrel, positioning columns are arranged below the dust collection barrel and are arranged between the two groups of positioning plates, the dust collection barrel is arranged on the conveying belt, the conveying belt is matched with the positioning columns through the positioning plates to position the dust collection barrel, a closed groove is formed in one group of supporting plates, and the height ratio of the two groups of positioning plates is 3: 1. The conveying belt conveys the dust collecting barrel to the lower part of the dust outlet bucket, an upper end cover is arranged on the dust collecting barrel, the upper end cover and the dust collecting barrel are matched with each other to form a closed space inside the dust collecting barrel, so that the air pollution caused by the scattering of particle pollutants into the air during the transportation of the dust collecting barrel is prevented, a positioning plate and a positioning column are matched with each other to position the position of the dust collecting barrel on the conveying belt, the height of the upper end of the dust collecting barrel and the height of the lower end of the dust outlet bucket are on the same horizontal line, the upper end cover deflects when the dust collecting barrel and the dust outlet bucket start to contact, when the dust collecting barrel is completely positioned below the dust outlet bucket, the upper end cover is completely opened, a closed groove is arranged on the supporting plate, when the upper end cover deflects, the upper end cover rotates to the closed groove to spatially support the upper end cover, the influence on the dust collecting barrel is reduced by the support, carry out the dust collection bucket equipment messenger at the conveyer belt, make the upper end cover again cover on the dust collection bucket in the dust collection bucket transportation process through curved closed slot, the height ratio of two sets of locating plates is 3: the dust collecting barrel has the advantages that 1, the upper end cover of the dust collecting barrel can be supported when opened through unequal height ratios, and when the dust collecting barrel is placed into the positioning plate, friction between the bottom of the dust collecting barrel and the positioning plate can be reduced through the unequal height ratios, so that the dust collecting barrel can be placed on the conveying belt quickly.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. dust removal mechanism makes the particulate contamination in the gas through self gravity and gas separation, the particulate contamination after dust removal mechanism filters is collected to collection dirt mechanism, strain the gas mechanism and carry out secondary filter to the gas that does not contain particulate contamination, dust removal mechanism filters particulate contamination through the gravity of particulate contamination self and inertia when descending, strain the chemical waste gas that gas mechanism contains in to the gas through chemical reaction's mode and filter, through dust removal mechanism and strain the discharge of waste gas in the gas mechanism reduction chemical production.
2. The reaction box can reduce the discharge of harmful gas by chemically reacting the harmful components (such as sulfur compounds, chlorine compounds and the like) in the gas through the reaction liquid in the reaction box, and the gas filter box can deodorize the gas after the chemical reaction by the liquid in the gas filter box so as to reduce the pungent smell of the gas.
3. The required power of self vibrations is obtained through the flow of air current to the vibrations subassembly, and when the blade in the vibrations subassembly obtains rotation power in the air current in addition, also makes the air current become more disorderly for particle pollutant bumps with the inner wall of air vent for the process of breaking away from between particle pollutant and the gas.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front sectional view of the overall structure of an environmentally friendly gas purification apparatus for chemical plants according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a left side view of the overall structure of an environmentally friendly gas purification apparatus for chemical plants according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the internal structure of a dust-removing barrel of the environment-friendly gas purification apparatus for chemical plants according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a vent hole of an environmentally friendly gas purification apparatus for a chemical plant according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a top view of a dust removing barrel of the environment-friendly gas purifying apparatus for chemical plants according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the position structure of the blades, the reverser and other components of the environment-friendly gas purification apparatus for chemical plants in the dust-removing barrel according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of the connection between the rotating shaft and the reverser and the internal structure of the reverser in the environment-friendly gas purification apparatus for chemical plants according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram showing the positional relationship between a rotating wheel and a support of an environmentally friendly gas purification apparatus for a chemical plant according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram showing the positional relationship between the conveyor belt and the positioning plate of the environment-friendly gas purification apparatus for chemical plants according to the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram showing a relationship between an upper end cap and a closed tank of an environmentally friendly gas purification apparatus for a chemical plant according to the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram of the position relationship of the dust-removing net in the dust-removing barrel of the environment-friendly gas purification apparatus for chemical plants of the present invention.
The reference numbers are as follows: 1. a base; 2. a housing; 3. a support plate; 4-1, vent holes; 4-3, a synchronization block; 4-4, synchronizing cylinders; 4-5, a limiting block; 4-6, a limiting cylinder; 4-7, a dust removal barrel; 4-8, a dust hopper; 4-9, an electric control valve; 4-10, a dust outlet hopper; 4-11 parts of an air inlet pipe; 4-21, leaf; 4-22, an inverter; 4-23, a rotating wheel; 4-24, struts; 4-25, a support plate; 4-26, a dust removal net; 4-27, a rotating shaft; 4-28, counter shaft; 4-221, a reverse shell; 4-222, a main gear; 4-223, a transfer gear; 4-224, a reverse gear; 5-1, a reaction box; 5-2, an air filtering box; 5-5, filtering plates; 5-8, trachea; 5-10, water discharging pipe; 6-1, a conveyor belt; 6-2, positioning plates; 6-3, a dust collection barrel; 6-4, an upper end cover; 6-5, and closing the groove.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
All electric appliances such as motors, water pumps, air cylinders and the like in the equipment are connected with an external control system, and the electric appliances such as the motors, the water pumps, the air cylinders and the electric control valves and the like are controlled by the control system to work.
Example (b): as shown in fig. 1-11, an environment-friendly gas purification device for chemical plant, the gas purification device comprises a base 1, a casing 2, a dust removal mechanism 4, a gas filtering mechanism 5 and a dust collection mechanism 6, the casing 2 is fixed above the base 1 through screws, the dust removal mechanism 4, the dust collection mechanism 6 and the gas filtering mechanism 5 are sequentially installed on the base 1 from left to right, the dust removal mechanism 4 enables particle pollutants in gas to be separated from the gas through self gravity, the dust collection mechanism 6 collects the particle pollutants filtered by the dust removal mechanism 4, and the gas filtering mechanism 5 performs secondary filtration on the gas without the particle pollutants.
The gas purification equipment also comprises at least two groups of supporting plates 3, a dust removal mechanism 4 is arranged on the supporting plates 3, the dust removal mechanism 4 comprises a dust removal barrel 4-7 and a vibration component 4-2, the dust removal barrel 4-7 is fixed on the two groups of supporting plates 3 through screws, the vibration component 4-2 is arranged on the dust removal barrel 4-7, a dust outlet hopper 4-10 is arranged below the dust removal barrel 4-7, the dust removal barrel 4-7 carries out primary filtration on gas containing particle pollutants, and the vibration component 4-2 carries out secondary filtration on the gas containing the particle pollutants;
the dust removing barrel 4-7 is a three-layer dust removing barrel, the dust removing barrel 4-7 is respectively provided with an air outlet layer, a vibration layer and a ventilation layer from inside to outside, a ventilation hole 4-1 is processed in the ventilation layer, the ventilation hole 4-1 is a spiral ventilation hole, a limiting cylinder 4-6 and a synchronous cylinder 4-4 are fixed in the vibration layer through screws, the limiting cylinder 4-6 and the synchronous cylinder 4-4 are positioned on two different horizontal lines, the limiting cylinder 4-6 is positioned below the synchronous cylinder 4-4, and a dust removing net 4-26 in a vibration component 4-2 is slidably mounted in the air outlet layer.
A limiting block 4-5 is fixed on a cylinder rod of a limiting cylinder 4-6 through screws, a groove is processed at the middle position of the limiting block 4-5 and is used for placing a support 4-24, a synchronous block 4-3 is fixed on a cylinder rod of a synchronous cylinder 4-4 through screws, the end surface of the synchronous block 4-3 contacted with a rotating wheel 4-23 is processed into an arc shape, the rotating wheel 4-23 is stopped to rotate by the synchronous block 4-3, a dust hopper 4-8 is fixed below a dust collection barrel 4-7 through screws, a dust outlet hopper 4-10 is fixed below the dust hopper 4-8 through screws, an electric control valve 4-9 is fixed at the connection position of the dust hopper 4-8 and the dust outlet hopper 4-10 through screws, the closing or the conduction of the channel between the dust hopper 4-8 and the dust outlet hopper 4-10 is controlled by the electric control valve 4-9.
The vibration component 4-2 comprises a rotating shaft 4-27, a reverser 4-22 and a reversing shaft 4-28, the rotating shaft 4-27 penetrates through a vent hole 4-1 in the vibration layer, one end of the rotating shaft 4-27 is rotatably arranged on the vent layer, the other end of the rotating shaft 4-27 is rotatably arranged on the reverser 4-22, a blade 4-21 is fixed on one section of the rotating shaft 4-27 in the vent hole 4-1 through a screw, the blade 4-21 is driven by airflow in the vent hole 4-1 to rotate, the reverser 4-22 is fixed in the vibration layer through a screw, one end of the reversing shaft 4-28 is rotatably arranged on the reverser 4-22, the other end of the reversing shaft 4-28 is rotated on the air outlet layer, a rotating wheel 4-23 is fixed on one section of the reversing shaft 4-28 in the air outlet layer through a screw, the reverser 4-22 reverses the rotation direction of the rotating shaft 4-27, and makes the reversing shaft 4-28 rotate in a direction opposite to the rotating shaft 4-27, the dust removing net 4-26 is arranged in the air outlet layer in a sliding manner, an L-shaped through hole is processed on the air outlet layer, the dust removing net 4-26 slides on the air outlet layer through the L-shaped through hole, a sealing corrugated rubber layer is arranged in the L-shaped through hole, four groups of support plates 4-25 are welded on the outer wall of a circle of the dust removing net 4-26, the support plates 4-25 penetrate through the sealing corrugated rubber layer, one ends of the support plates 4-25 penetrate through the air layer through the L-shaped through hole and are positioned in the vibration layer, one ends of the support plates 4-25 positioned in the vibration layer are welded with two groups of support columns 4-24, one group of the support columns 4-24 in the two groups of support columns, after another group of pillars 4-24 contacts with the rotating wheel 4-23, the dust removing net 4-26 slides up and down in the L-shaped through hole under the drive of the rotating wheel 4-23, the other group of pillars 4-24 and the rotating wheel 4-23 are matched with each other to enable the dust removing net 4-26 to slide up and down in the air outlet layer, when the limiting block 4-5 is positioned at the original position, the pillars 4-24 on the dust removing net 4-26 do not contact with the rotating wheel 4-23, when the limiting block 4-5 reaches the working position under the drive of the limiting cylinder 4-6, because the four groups of limiting cylinders 4-6 run synchronously, the dust removing net 4-26 rotates a certain angle in the air outlet layer, meanwhile, the pillars 4-24 contact with the rotating wheel 4-26 under the rotation of the dust removing net 4-26, the rotating wheel 4-23 is separated from the pillars 4-24 at the top, the pillars 4-24 are allowed to fall freely by gravity, and the dust removing net 4-26 is allowed to vibrate by the repeated action between the rotating wheels 4-23 and the pillars 4-24.
The reverser 4-22 comprises a reversing shell 4-221, a main gear 4-222, a transfer gear 4-223 and a reversing gear 4-224; the reverse shell 4-221 is fixed in the vibration layer through screws, the main gear 4-222 is fixed on one end of the reverse shell 4-221 through screws of the rotating shaft 4-27, the rotating shaft 4-27 is driven by the blades to rotate and transmit the rotating power to the main gear 4-222, the transfer gear 4-223 is fixed in the reverse shell 4-221 through a fixed shaft, the reverse gear 4-224 obtains the rotating power through the transfer gear 4-223 and rotates reversely, the reverse gear 4-224 is fixed on the reverse shaft 4-28 through screws, the main gear 4-222, the transfer gear 4-223 and the reverse gear 4-224 are all helical gears, and two of the three carry out gear transmission.
The gas filtering mechanism 5 comprises a reaction box 5-1 and a gas filtering box 5-2, wherein the reaction box 5-1 performs primary filtration on gas without particle pollutants, and the gas filtering box 5-2 performs secondary filtration on the gas without particle pollutants;
a gas collecting hopper is fixed above the dedusting barrel 4-7 through screws, a gas pipe 5-8 is fixed above the gas collecting hopper through screws, the gas pipe 5-8 transmits the gas in the dedusting barrel 4-7 into the reaction box 5-1, one end of the gas pipe 5-8 is fixed at the bottom of the reaction box 5-1, so that the gas flowing out of the gas pipe 5-8 can fully carry out chemical reaction in the reaction liquid, a water discharging pipe 5-10 is arranged on the side wall of the reaction box 5-1, the liquid which can not carry out chemical reaction in the reaction box 5-1 is discharged out of the reaction box 5-1 through the water discharging pipe 5-10, the reaction liquid is added into the reaction box 5-1 through a water pump, the reaction liquid is added into the reaction box 5-1 through a water inlet pipe by the water pump, a water curtain is formed above the gas pipe 5-8 when the reaction liquid enters the reaction box 5-1 through the water inlet pipe, so that the reaction liquid can also carry out chemical reaction with the reaction liquid when the water level is too low, the gas pipe 5-8 transmits the gas in the reaction box 5-1 to the bottom of the gas filtering box 5-2, the gas filtering box 5-2 carries out secondary filtration on the gas which has undergone the chemical reaction, the pungent smell in the gas disappears through the high-density active filler, two groups of filter plates 5-5 are welded in the reaction box 5-1, two groups of filter plates 5-5 are welded in the gas filtering box 5-2, and one ends of the two groups of filter plates 5-5 are mutually overlapped, the overlapped ends are not contacted with each other, the two groups of filter plates 5-5 are mutually matched to block bubbles generated in the reaction box 5-1 and the air filtering box 5-2, and the mutual matching of the two groups of filter plates 5-5 changes the rising space of the bubbles to prevent the bubbles from entering the air filtering box 5-2 or entering the air outside the equipment.
Further, a monitor for monitoring the pH value of the reaction liquid can be arranged in the reaction box 5-1, the monitored numerical value is transmitted to an external control system, when the pH value of the reaction liquid is lower than a set value in the control system, the control system controls the water discharge pipe 5-10 to be opened, the reaction liquid is discharged out of the reaction box 5-1, a feed pipe is welded on the side wall of the gas filtering box 5-2, when the high-density active filler needs to be added into the gas filtering box 5-2 again, a sealing cover on the feed pipe is opened, the high-density active filler is put into the gas filtering box 5-2 from the feed pipe, the high-density active filler and the liquid can be added into the gas filtering box 5-2 together, and the gas is prevented from being discharged from the feed pipe when the high-density active filler and the liquid are added.
The dust collecting mechanism 6 comprises a dust collecting barrel 6-3 for collecting the particle pollutants, and the dust collecting barrel 6-3 is positioned below the dust removing barrel 4-7.
The dust collecting mechanism 6 also comprises a conveyor belt 6-1, the conveyor belt 6-1 is positioned between two groups of supporting plates 3, the conveyor belt 6-1 is fixed on the base 1 through a bracket, two groups of positioning plates 6-2 are fixed on the conveyor belt 6-1, two groups of motors are fixed at two ends of the conveyor belt 6-1 through screws, the two groups of motors are synchronous and rotate in the same direction, the positioning plate 6-2 reciprocates on the conveyor belt 6-1, the upper end of the dust collecting barrel 6-3 is rotatably connected with an upper end cover 6-4, positioning columns are welded at two sides below the dust collecting barrel 6-3 and positioned between the two groups of positioning plates 6-2, the dust collecting barrel 6-3 is placed on the conveyor belt 6-1, the conveyor belt realizes the positioning of the dust collecting barrel 6-3 through the mutual matching of the positioning, a closed groove 6-5 is processed on one group of supporting plates 3, a conveying belt 6-1 conveys a dust collecting barrel 6-3, the dust collecting barrel 6-3 is conveyed to the lower part of a dust outlet hopper 4-10, an upper end cover 6-4 is matched with the dust collecting barrel 6-3 to form a closed space inside the dust collecting barrel to prevent air pollution caused by scattering of particle pollutants into the air when the dust collecting barrel 6-3 is conveyed, a positioning plate 6-2 is matched with a positioning column to position the position of the dust collecting barrel 6-3 on the conveying belt 6-1, the height of the upper end of the dust collecting barrel 6-3 and the height of the lower end of the dust outlet hopper 4-10 are on the same horizontal line, the upper end cover 6-4 deflects when the dust collecting barrel 6-3 and the dust outlet hopper 4-10 begin to contact, when the dust collecting barrel 6-3 is completely positioned below the dust outlet hopper 4-10, the upper end cover 6-4 is completely opened, the support plate 3 is provided with a closed groove 6-5, the upper end cover 6-4 rotates to the closed groove 6-5 when deflecting, the closed groove 6-5 supports the upper end cover 6-4 spatially, the upper end cover 6-4 reduces the influence on the dust collecting barrel 6-3 through the support of the closed groove 6-5, the closed groove 6-5 is an arc-shaped closed groove, when the dust collecting barrel 6-3 is conveyed out of the device by the conveyor belt 6-1, the upper end cover 6-4 is covered on the dust collecting barrel 6-3 again in the conveying process of the dust collecting barrel 6-3 through the arc-shaped closed groove 6-5, and the height ratio of the two groups of positioning plates 6-2 is 3:1, the upper end cover 6-4 of the dust collecting barrel 6-3 can be supported when opened through the unequal height ratio, and when the dust collecting barrel 6-3 is put into the positioning plate 6-2, the friction between the bottom of the dust collecting barrel 6-3 and the positioning plate 6-2 can be reduced through the unequal height ratio, so that the dust collecting barrel 6-3 can be quickly put on the conveyor belt 6-1.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: gas with particle pollutants enters and exits the spiral vent hole 4-1 from the gas inlet pipe 4-11, the gas flows through the vent hole 4-1 from top to bottom, the gas is separated from the gas in the vent hole 4-1 and falls on the vent hole 4-1 due to the weight of the particle pollutants, the particle pollutants move downwards under the driving of the airflow in the vent hole 4-1, when the gas flows through the position where the blades 4-21 are installed, the airflow pressure at the blades 4-21 is higher due to the sudden narrowing of the airflow channel, so that the blades 4-21 are driven to rotate, the airflow is further disturbed when the blades 4-21 rotate, the particle pollutants in the gas collide with the inner wall of the vent hole 4-1, and the particle pollutants are rapidly separated from the gas and fall on the inner wall of the vent hole 4-1, the air outlet end of the vent hole 4-1 is arranged in the air outlet layer, when the particle pollutants flow out of the vent hole 4-1 under the drive of the air flow, the particle pollutants move towards the dust collecting hopper 4-8 due to the self weight and the downward inertia in the vent hole 4-1, the gas flows towards the dust removing net 4-26 due to the light weight, and the dust removing net 4-26 filters the fine particle pollutants in the gas again to prevent the particle pollutants from entering the reaction box 5-1 along the air pipe 5-8.
The gas pipe 5-8 transmits the gas in the dust removing barrel 4-7 to the reaction box 5-1, one end of the gas pipe 5-8 is fixed at the bottom of the reaction box 5-1, so that the gas flowing out of the gas pipe 5-8 can fully carry out chemical reaction in the reaction liquid, the side wall of the reaction box 5-1 is provided with a water discharging pipe 5-10, the liquid which can not carry out chemical reaction in the reaction box 5-1 is discharged out of the reaction box 5-1 through the water discharging pipe 5-10, meanwhile, the reaction liquid is added into the reaction box 5-1 through a water pump, the reaction liquid is added into the reaction box 5-1 through a water inlet pipe by the water pump, a water curtain is formed above the gas pipe 5-8 when the reaction liquid enters the reaction box 5-1 through the water inlet pipe, so that the reaction liquid can also carry out chemical reaction with the reaction liquid when the water level is too low, the air pipe 5-8 transmits the gas in the reaction box 5-1 to the bottom of the gas filtering box 5-2, the gas filtering box 5-2 carries out secondary filtration on the gas which is subjected to chemical reaction, the pungent smell in the gas disappears through active carbon and other fillers, two groups of filter plates 5-5 are welded in the reaction box 5-1, two groups of filter plates 5-5 are welded in the gas filtering box 5-2, one ends of the two groups of filter plates 5-5 are mutually overlapped, the overlapped ends are not in contact with each other, the two groups of filter plates 5-5 are mutually matched to block bubbles generated in the reaction box 5-1 and the gas filtering box 5-2, and the rising space of the bubbles is changed by the mutual matching of the two groups of filter plates 5-5, so that the bubbles are prevented from entering the gas filtering box 5-2 or entering the air outside the equipment.
The conveying belt 6-1 is positioned between the two groups of supporting plates 3, two groups of positioning plates 6-2 are fixed on the conveying belt 6-1, two groups of motors are fixed at two ends of the conveying belt 6-1 through screws, the two groups of motors synchronously rotate in the same direction, the positioning plates 6-2 reciprocate on the conveying belt 6-1, the upper end of the dust collection barrel 6-3 is rotatably connected with an upper end cover 6-4, positioning columns are welded at two sides below the dust collection barrel 6-3 and positioned between the two groups of positioning plates 6-2, the dust collection barrel 6-3 is placed on the conveying belt 6-1, the conveying belt positions the dust collection barrel 6-3 through the mutual matching of the positioning plates 6-2 and the positioning columns, a closed groove 6-5 is processed on one group of supporting plates 3, the conveying belt 6-1 conveys the dust collection barrel 6-, the dust collecting barrel 6-3 is conveyed to the lower part of the dust outlet hopper 4-10, the upper end cover 6-4 and the dust collecting barrel 6-3 are mutually matched to form a closed space in the dust outlet hopper, so that the air pollution caused by the scattering of the particle pollutants into the air when the dust collecting barrel 6-3 is transported is prevented, the positioning plate 6-2 and the positioning column are mutually matched to position the position of the dust collecting barrel 6-3 on the conveyor belt 6-1, the height of the upper end of the dust collecting barrel 6-3 and the height of the lower end of the dust outlet hopper 4-10 are on the same horizontal line, the upper end cover 6-4 deflects when the dust collecting barrel 6-3 and the dust outlet hopper 4-10 begin to contact, when the dust collecting barrel 6-3 is completely positioned below the dust outlet hopper 4-10, the upper end cover 6-4 is completely opened, the supporting plate 3 is provided with a closed groove 6, when the upper end cover 6-4 deflects, the upper end cover rotates to the closed groove 6-5, the closed groove 6-5 supports the upper end cover 6-4 in space, the upper end cover 6-4 reduces the influence on the dust collection barrel 6-3 through the support of the closed groove 6-5, the closed groove 6-5 is an arc-shaped closed groove, when the dust collection barrel 6-3 is conveyed out of the equipment by the conveyor belt 6-1, the upper end cover 6-4 is covered on the dust collection barrel 6-3 again in the conveying process of the dust collection barrel 6-3 through the arc-shaped closed groove 6-5, the height ratio of the two positioning plates 6-2 is 3:1, the upper end cover 6-4 of the dust collecting barrel 6-3 can be supported when opened through the unequal height ratio, and when the dust collecting barrel 6-3 is put into the positioning plate 6-2, the friction between the bottom of the dust collecting barrel 6-3 and the positioning plate 6-2 can be reduced through the unequal height ratio, so that the dust collecting barrel 6-3 can be quickly put on the conveyor belt 6-1.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a chemical plant uses gaseous clarification plant of environment-friendly, this gaseous clarification plant includes base (1), cover shell (2), dust removal mechanism (4), strains gas mechanism (5), collection dirt mechanism (6), its characterized in that: a shell (2) is arranged above the base (1), a dust removal mechanism (4), a dust collection mechanism (6) and an air filtering mechanism (5) are sequentially arranged on the base (1) from left to right, the dust removal mechanism (4) enables particle pollutants in gas to be separated from the gas through self gravity, the dust collection mechanism (6) collects the particle pollutants filtered by the dust removal mechanism (4), and the air filtering mechanism (5) performs secondary filtration on the gas without the particle pollutants;
this gas purification equipment still includes at least two sets of backup pads (3), its characterized in that: the dust removal mechanism (4) is arranged on the supporting plates (3), the dust removal mechanism (4) comprises dust removal barrels (4-7) and vibration assemblies (4-2), the dust removal barrels (4-7) are arranged on the two groups of supporting plates (3), the vibration assemblies (4-2) are arranged on the dust removal barrels (4-7), dust discharge hoppers (4-10) are arranged below the dust removal barrels (4-7), the dust removal barrels (4-7) perform primary filtration on gas containing particle pollutants, and the vibration assemblies (4-2) perform secondary filtration on the gas containing the particle pollutants; the gas filtering mechanism (5) comprises a reaction box (5-1) and a gas filtering box (5-2), wherein the reaction box (5-1) performs primary filtering on gas without particle pollutants, and the gas filtering box (5-2) performs secondary filtering on the gas without particle pollutants; the dust collecting mechanism (6) comprises a dust collecting barrel (6-3) for collecting particle pollutants, and the dust collecting barrel (6-3) is positioned below the dust removing barrel (4-7);
the dust removal barrel (4-7) is a three-layer dust removal barrel, the dust removal barrel (4-7) is respectively provided with an air outlet layer, a vibration layer and a ventilation layer from inside to outside, the ventilation layer is internally provided with a ventilation hole (4-1), the ventilation hole (4-1) is a spiral ventilation hole, the vibration layer is internally provided with a limiting cylinder (4-6) and a synchronous cylinder (4-4), and the air outlet layer is internally provided with a dust removal net (4-26) in a vibration component (4-2);
the vibration component (4-2) comprises a rotating shaft (4-27), a reverser (4-22) and a reversing shaft (4-28), the rotating shaft (4-27) penetrates through the vibration layer, one end of the rotating shaft (4-27) is arranged on the ventilation layer, the other end of the rotating shaft (4-27) is arranged on the reverser (4-22), blades (4-21) are arranged on the rotating shaft (4-27), the blades (4-21) are arranged in the ventilation holes (4-1), the reverser (4-22) is arranged in the vibration layer, one end of the reversing shaft (4-28) is arranged on the reverser (4-22), the other end of the reversing shaft (4-28) is arranged on the ventilation layer, and a rotating wheel (4-23) is arranged on the reversing shaft (4-28), at least four groups of support plates (4-25) are arranged on the dust removal net (4-26), one ends of the support plates (4-25) penetrate through the air layer and are positioned in the vibration layer, and two groups of support columns (4-24) are arranged at one ends of the support plates (4-25) positioned in the vibration layer.
2. The environment-friendly gas purification apparatus for chemical plants according to claim 1, wherein: the dust removing device is characterized in that an air vent (4-1) is formed in the dust removing barrel (4-7), a limiting cylinder (4-6) and a synchronous cylinder (4-4) are sequentially arranged on the dust removing barrel (4-7) from bottom to top, a limiting block (4-5) is arranged on the limiting cylinder (4-6), a synchronous block (4-3) is arranged on the synchronous cylinder (4-4), a dust collecting hopper (4-8) is arranged below the dust removing barrel (4-7), and a dust discharging hopper (4-10) is arranged below the dust collecting hopper (4-8).
3. The environment-friendly gas purification apparatus for chemical plants according to claim 1, wherein: the reaction tank (5-1) is internally provided with at least two groups of filter plates (5-5), the gas filtering tank (5-2) is internally provided with at least two groups of filter plates (5-5), one ends of the two groups of filter plates (5-5) are mutually stacked, and the two groups of filter plates (5-5) are mutually matched to block bubbles generated in the reaction tank (5-1) and the gas filtering tank (5-2).
4. The environment-friendly gas purification apparatus for chemical plants according to claim 1, wherein: the dust collecting mechanism (6) also comprises a conveyor belt (6-1), the conveyor belt (6-1) is positioned between the two groups of supporting plates (3), the conveyor belt (6-1) is provided with two groups of positioning plates (6-2), an upper end cover (6-4) is arranged at the upper end of the dust collecting barrel (6-3), a positioning column is arranged below the dust collecting barrel (6-3), the positioning columns are arranged between the two groups of positioning plates (6-2), the dust collecting barrel (6-3) is arranged on the conveyor belt (6-1), the conveying belt is matched with the positioning columns through the positioning plates (6-2) to position the dust collection barrels (6-3), a closed groove (6-5) is formed in one group of the supporting plates (3), and the height ratio of the two groups of the positioning plates (6-2) is 3: 1.
CN202010134221.3A 2020-03-02 2020-03-02 Environment-friendly gas purification equipment for chemical plant Active CN111249841B (en)

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