CN111218316A - Processingequipment is used in biomass fuel production - Google Patents

Processingequipment is used in biomass fuel production Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111218316A
CN111218316A CN201911213897.5A CN201911213897A CN111218316A CN 111218316 A CN111218316 A CN 111218316A CN 201911213897 A CN201911213897 A CN 201911213897A CN 111218316 A CN111218316 A CN 111218316A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
drying
box
conveying
mounting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911213897.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈剑飞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Huzhou Jineng Biomass Fuels Co ltd
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Huzhou Jineng Biomass Fuels Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Huzhou Jineng Biomass Fuels Co ltd filed Critical Huzhou Jineng Biomass Fuels Co ltd
Priority to CN201911213897.5A priority Critical patent/CN111218316A/en
Publication of CN111218316A publication Critical patent/CN111218316A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L5/00Solid fuels
    • C10L5/40Solid fuels essentially based on materials of non-mineral origin
    • C10L5/44Solid fuels essentially based on materials of non-mineral origin on vegetable substances
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The invention discloses a processing device for biomass fuel production, which comprises a crushing device, a drying device, a conveying device and an extrusion device, wherein the drying device is arranged right below the crushing device, the feeding end of the drying device is communicated and connected with the discharging end of the crushing device, the conveying device is arranged right below the discharging end of the drying device, the feeding end of the conveying device is communicated and connected with the discharging end of the drying device, and the discharging end of the conveying device is communicated and connected with the extrusion device. The biomass material pre-crushing device can pre-crush biomass material during production of biomass fuel, so that the biomass material is convenient to crush and mechanically process and crush, the crushing efficiency and effect are improved, the safety during crushing is improved, the crushed biomass material is preheated during conveying, the drying and extrusion in the later period are facilitated, and meanwhile, the hot-pressing extrusion device is convenient to disassemble and assemble when a mold is replaced, the replacement according to production requirements in the later period is facilitated, and the processing efficiency is further facilitated to be improved.

Description

Processingequipment is used in biomass fuel production
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of production and processing of biofuels, in particular to a processing device for producing a biomass fuel.
Background
The biomass fuel is a novel clean fuel which is formed into various shapes such as blocks and particles and can be directly combusted by taking the agriculture and forestry waste as a raw material through the processes of crushing, mixing, extruding, drying and the like.
Present biomass fuel at the production man-hour at first need smash old and useless biomass material, thereby smash into powdered with the biomass material that the volume differs in size, the later stage processing of being convenient for is used, but the biomass material of bulky when current biomass fuel smashes with the rubbing crusher receives stress and causes the saw-dust to violently fly, cause harm to the staff, biomass material after smashing simultaneously can not dry in the conveying, lead to the saw-dust to violently fly and scatter and disappear during the conveying easily, lead to the nothing of raw and other materials to scatter and disappear, be unfavorable for guaranteeing the whole clean and tidy nature of factory building, dismouting is inconvenient when hot pressing extrusion device changes the mould simultaneously, be unfavorable for the later stage and change according to the production needs.
Therefore, a processing device for biomass fuel production is needed, biomass materials can be pre-crushed during biomass fuel production, so that crushing mechanical processing is convenient, crushing efficiency and effect are improved, safety during crushing is improved, and the crushed biomass materials are preheated during conveying, drying and extrusion in the later period are facilitated, and meanwhile, the hot-pressing extrusion device is convenient to replace a mold, is beneficial to replacement of the mold in the later period according to production needs, and further is beneficial to improvement of processing efficiency.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a processing device for biomass fuel production, aiming at improving the prior art. . To a problem of (a).
The invention is realized by the following steps:
a processing device for biomass fuel production comprises a crushing device, a drying device, a conveying device and an extrusion device, wherein the drying device is arranged under the crushing device, the feeding end of the drying device is communicated with the discharging end of the crushing device, the conveying device is arranged under the discharging end of the drying device, the feeding end of the conveying device is communicated with the discharging end of the drying device, the discharging end of the conveying device is communicated with the extrusion device, the crushing device comprises a crushing box, a material guide hopper and a crushing structure, a feeding chute is formed in the upper portion of the front end face of the crushing box in a communicated mode, the bottom end of the feeding chute on the outer end face of the crushing box is horizontally fixed with the material guide hopper, the vertical section of the material guide hopper is U-shaped, a rotating roller is horizontally and rotatably connected to the front inner wall and the rear wall of the material guide hopper through a bearing, the crushing structure is arranged inside the crushing box, and the bottom end of the discharge port is provided with a discharge cloth bag.
Further, the equal vertical fixedly connected with mounting panel in top of terminal surface around the guide fill, and the symmetry runs through the front and back terminal surface on the mounting panel and has seted up two installation spouts, in the installation spout of mounting panel respectively horizontal installation have the crushing structure with roll the structure.
And then through the equal vertical fixedly connected with mounting panel in top of guide fill front and back terminal surface, the installation of being convenient for is connected the crushing structure and is rolled the structure and pulverize the extrusion in advance to biomass material to the biomass material of bulky when just, current biomass fuel smashes with the rubbing crusher receives stress and causes the saw-dust to violently fly, causes harm to the staff, and the later stage crushing structure of being convenient for smashes, improves and smashes efficiency and crushing effect, reduces the potential safety hazard.
Further, the crushing structure includes the crushing roller, the crushing motor, installation slider and answer spring, and even vertical crushing tooth that is fixed with on the outside periphery of crushing roller, the both ends connecting rod of crushing roller runs through to rotate through the bearing and is connected with the installation slider, and install slider sliding connection in the installation spout of mounting panel, equal vertical answer spring that is fixed with on the upper and lower both ends face of installation slider, and the other end of answering the spring and the upper and lower inner wall fixed connection of installation spout, crushing roller one end is connected with the transmission shaft of crushing motor, and the crushing motor passes through the connecting rod to be fixed on the outer terminal surface of installation slider.
And then evenly vertically be fixed with the crushing tooth on the outside periphery through the crushing roller, make the crushing roller rotate to be connected in the installation slider, and with fix through the connecting rod and be connected at installation slider crushing motor output, thereby it rotates crushing biomass material to drive the crushing roller, and drive biomass material advances to in the crushing case, install slider sliding connection simultaneously in the installation spout of mounting panel, and it is fixed with the terminal surface about the installation spout through the answer spring, thereby be favorable to the vertical direction of crushing roller when the great raw materials of crushing volume to take place to slide, prevent that the raw materials from blockking up.
Further, the structure of rolling includes the rolling wheel, roll the motor, installation slider and answer spring, and the both ends connecting rod of rolling wheel runs through the bearing and rotates and be connected with the installation slider, installation slider sliding connection is in the installation spout of mounting panel, and equal vertical answer spring that is fixed with on the upper and lower both ends face of dress slider, and the other end of answering the spring and the upper and lower inner wall fixed connection of installation spout, the one end of rolling wheel is connected with the transmission shaft that rolls the motor, and roll the motor and pass through the connecting rod and fix on the outer terminal surface of installation slider.
And then fix through the rolling wheel with through the connecting rod and roll the motor output and be connected at the installation slider, drive the rolling wheel and rotate and crush biomass material to drive biomass material and advance to smash the case, and then with further smashing of biomass raw materials, do benefit to the improvement and smash the effect.
Further, crushing structure includes crushing roller, smash motor and shredding arc piece, and smash the middle part of roller both ends through bearing rotation through connection terminal surface around smashing the case, crushing roller both sides homogeneous phase is provided with shredding arc piece relatively, and shredding arc piece passes through bolt difference fixed mounting on the both sides inner wall of smashing the case, the one end of crushing roller is connected with fixed mounting smashes the transmission shaft of the motor on the case lateral wall, and evenly be fixed with crushing tooth on the circumference of crushing roller outside, evenly be fixed with the cutting knife on the relative cambered surface of shredding arc piece, and cutting knife and crushing tooth lateral spacing distribute.
And then the one end through crushing roller is connected with the transmission shaft of the crushing motor of fixed mounting on crushing case lateral wall, and the drive crushing roller rotates in crushing case to the cutting knife on the crushing roller of fixing on crushing case both sides terminal surface cooperates with the horizontal interval distribution of crushing tooth on the crushing roller, and then tears further smashing of biomass raw materials, thereby does benefit to the later stage processing.
Further, drying device includes stoving case, stoving conveyer belt and roof, and the stoving case setting is smashing the case under, and the cuboid structure that the stoving case runs through for inside cavity top surface, and the upper portion open end fixedly connected with roof of stoving case, and the inside horizontal installation of stoving case has the stoving conveyer belt, and is close to the lower magazine that the bottom surface runs through that has been link up to stoving conveyer belt unloading end on the stoving bottom surface of the case.
And then set up under smashing the case through the stoving case, the cuboid structure that the stoving case runs through for inside cavity top surface to be close to the stoving conveyer belt on stoving bottom of the case face, and then lead to the saw-dust to violently fly away and scatter and disappear easily when reducing the conveying, lead to the careless scattering and disappearing of raw and other materials, be unfavorable for guaranteeing the whole clean and tidy nature of factory building.
Further, the stoving case is close to and is fixed with the shaft hole ear seat on the side end face of stoving conveyer belt material loading end vertically, and is provided with the support under the crushing case of one side of stoving case, the top of support and the bottom surface fixed connection who smashes the case, and support one side level is fixed with the pivot pole, is provided with the bearing in the shaft hole ear seat on the stoving case, and the fixed cover of bearing in the shaft hole ear seat establishes on the pivot pole.
And then the shaft hole ear seat through stoving case one end rotates through the pivot pole and connects on the support, and then the convenience improves the flexibility of using and the convenience of adjusting according to the conveying angle of user demand adjustment stoving case.
Further, one side that the roof is close to crushing case runs through and has seted up logical groove, and leads to groove and the unloading sack through connection of crushing bottom of the case portion, and horizontal interval is provided with stoving lamp and switch board on the bottom surface of roof, and the top surface welding of stoving lamp and switch board is on the bottom surface of roof, and vertical slope is fixed with the kickoff tooth on the bottom surface of switch board.
And then through smashing logical groove on the case and smashing the unloading sack through-connection of bottom of the case end, the transportation of the raw materials of being convenient for, horizontal interval is provided with stoving lamp and switch board on the bottom surface of roof simultaneously, carries out stoving processing in advance when the biomass material after the stoving conveyer belt conveying is smashed, and then has effectively avoided the shortcoming that the biomass material after smashing can not dry in the conveying, improves the stoving effect of wooden raw materials.
Further, conveyer includes the conveying cylinder, defeated material screw rod and defeated material motor, and the conveying cylinder sets up the below of magazine down in drying device, the vertical intercommunication that runs through of conveying cylinder top one end has the hopper that connects, and connect the hopper setting under the magazine, be provided with defeated material screw rod in the conveying cylinder, and defeated material screw rod both ends pass through the bearing through connection on the both ends face of conveying cylinder, the one end of defeated material screw rod is connected with the defeated material motor drive shaft of fixing on the conveying cylinder terminal surface, and the bottom of the other end of conveying cylinder outside periphery link up and has seted up the blown down tank.
And then the conveying screw rod arranged in the conveying cylinder is driven by the conveying motor to transmit the raw materials received from the discharging box in the drying device to the extruding device, so that the raw materials can be conveniently processed and used in the next step.
Further, extrusion device includes the storage bucket, the revolving rack, squeeze roll and ejection of compact groove piece, and the inside bottom surface center department of storage bucket is connected with the revolving rack through the vertical rotation of sealed bearing, the bottom surface that the storage bucket was run through to the bottom of revolving rack is connected with the motor, and vertical rotation is connected with the squeeze roll on the revolving rack, the front end of the outside periphery of storage bucket runs through and is fixed with the ejection of compact groove piece, and the front and back terminal surface of ejection of compact groove piece runs through the setting, the spout has been seted up in vertical running through on the top surface of ejection of compact groove piece, and slidable mounting has the extrusion die plate in the spout of ejection of compact groove piece, sealing connection has the top cap on the top face of storage bucket, and the top of top cap is passed through the pipe and is connected with the.
And then convey extrusion device through biomass material in through conveyer, rotate under the drive of motor in the storage bucket, advance the raw materials through the squeeze roll and extrude from ejection of compact groove piece, the spout has been seted up to vertical running through on the top surface of ejection of compact groove piece, and slidable mounting has the extrusion die board in the spout of ejection of compact groove piece, is convenient for according to the extrusion die board of the not unidimensional of production demand quick replacement and shape.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention
(1) When the processing device for producing the biomass fuel is used for processing the biomass fuel, firstly, the biomass raw material is sent into the crushing device, the rotating roller installed in the guide hopper installed on the feeding chute at the front end of the crushing box of the crushing device is matched with the crushing structure and the rolling structure, the biomass material is driven to advance towards the feeding chute on the rotating roller, and the crushing structure and the rolling structure crush and extrude the biomass material in advance on the way of advancing, so that the large-volume biomass material is stressed to cause sawdust to fly transversely when the existing biomass fuel is crushed by the crusher, harm is caused to workers, and the crushing structure at the later stage is convenient for crushing, the crushing efficiency and the crushing effect are improved, the potential safety hazard is reduced, meanwhile, the drying box is arranged under the crushing box, the drying box is of a cuboid structure with a hollow top surface penetrating through inside, and a top plate is fixedly connected with an upper opening end of the drying box, the inside horizontal installation of stoving case has the stoving conveyer belt to horizontal interval is provided with stoving lamp and switch board on the bottom surface of roof, carries out stoving processing in advance when the biomass material after the stoving conveyer belt conveying is smashed, and then has effectively avoided the shortcoming that the biomass material after smashing can not dry in the conveying.
(2) Biomass material conveys among the extrusion device through conveyer, rotate under the drive of motor in the storage bucket, advance the raw materials through the squeeze roll and extrude from ejection of compact groove piece, the spout has been seted up to vertical running through on the top surface of ejection of compact groove piece, and slidable mounting has the extrusion template in the spout of ejection of compact groove piece, be convenient for according to the extrusion template of the not unidimensional of production demand quick replacement and shape, and then biomass material carries out precomminution when can producing biomass fuel, thereby make things convenient for crushing machining smashes, improve kibbling efficiency and effect, improve the security when smashing, and preheat during the biomass material conveying after smashing, be favorable to the later stage to dry and extrude, dismouting when hot pressing extrusion device conveniently changes the mould simultaneously, do benefit to the later stage and change according to production needs, and then be favorable to improving machining efficiency.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings that are required to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and for those skilled in the art, other related drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of an exploded structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing the structure of a crushing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a material guiding hopper according to an embodiment of the present invention;
figure 5 is a schematic view of the structure of a crushing structure in an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a laminated structure in an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view showing the internal structure of the crushing box in the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a pulverizing structure in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a drying apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of a top plate in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view showing the structures of a conveying apparatus and an extruding apparatus in the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the structure of a transfer device in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view showing the structure of an extrusion apparatus in the example of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a crushing device; 11. a crushing box; 111. a feed chute; 112. a discharge port; 113. a cloth bag is discharged; 12. a material guide hopper; 121. rotating the roller; 13. mounting a plate; 131. installing a chute; 14. a crush feature; 141. a crushing roller; 142. crushing teeth; 143. crushing the motor; 15. rolling a structure; 151. a rolling wheel; 152. rolling a motor; 16. installing a sliding block; 17. a return spring; 18. a crushing structure; 181. a crushing roller; 182. crushing teeth; 183. a grinding motor; 184. shredding the arc blocks; 185. a cutting knife; 2. a drying device; 21. a drying box; 22. drying the conveyor belt; 23. a shaft hole ear seat; 24. a support; 25. a spindle rod; 26. a top plate; 261. a through groove; 262. a drying lamp; 263. a kick-out plate; 264. material shifting teeth; 27. discharging the material box; 3. a conveying device; 31. a transfer drum; 32. a receiving hopper; 33. a material conveying screw rod; 34. a material conveying motor; 4. an extrusion device; 41. a charging bucket; 42. rotating the frame; 43. a squeeze roll; 44. a discharging groove block; 45. extruding a template; 46. a top cover; 47. a chassis.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention more apparent, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings of the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of the present invention. Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13, a processing device for biomass fuel production comprises a crushing device 1, a drying device 2, a conveying device 3 and an extruding device 4, wherein the drying device 2 is arranged right below the crushing device 1, the feeding end of the drying device 2 is communicated with the discharging end of the crushing device 1, the conveying device 3 is arranged right below the discharging end of the drying device 2, the feeding end of the conveying device 3 is communicated with the discharging end of the drying device 2, the extruding device 4 is communicated with the discharging end of the conveying device 3, the crushing device 1 comprises a crushing box 11, a guide hopper 12 and a crushing structure 18, the upper part of the front end surface of the crushing box 11 is communicated with a feed chute 111, the bottom end of the feed chute 111 on the outer end surface of the crushing box 11 is horizontally fixed with the guide hopper 12, the vertical cross-section of guide hopper 12 is the U-shaped, and is connected with on the front and back inner wall of guide hopper 12 through bearing horizontal rotation and changes roller 121, and the internally mounted of crushing case 11 has crushing structure 18, and crushing case 11's bottom has seted up discharge gate 112, and the bottom erection joint of discharge gate 112 has unloading sack 113.
When the processing device for producing the biomass fuel is used for processing the biomass fuel, firstly, the biomass raw material is sent into the crushing device 1, the roller 121 arranged in the guide hopper 12 arranged on the feeding chute 111 at the front end of the crushing box 11 of the crushing device 1 is matched with the crushing structure 14 and the rolling structure 15, the biomass material is driven to advance towards the feeding chute 111 on the roller 121, and the crushing structure 14 and the rolling structure 15 carry out pre-crushing extrusion on the biomass material in the advancing process, so that the large-volume biomass material is stressed to cause wood chips to fly transversely when the existing biomass fuel is crushed by the crushing machine, the harm is caused to workers, the crushing of the later-stage crushing structure 18 is facilitated, the crushing efficiency and the crushing effect are improved, the potential safety hazard is reduced, meanwhile, the drying box 21 is arranged under the crushing box 11, and the drying box 21 is of a cuboid structure with a hollow top surface penetrating through inside, and the upper opening end of the drying box 21 is fixedly connected with a top plate 26, the drying conveyor belt 22 is horizontally installed inside the drying box 21, and the drying lamps 262 and the material shifting plate 263 are transversely arranged on the bottom surface of the top plate 26 at intervals, the drying treatment is carried out in advance when the drying conveyor belt 22 conveys the crushed biomass material, thereby effectively avoiding the defect that the crushed biomass material cannot be dried in the conveying process, improving the drying effect of the wood raw material, meanwhile, the biomass material is conveyed into the extruding device 4 through the conveying device 3, and is driven by the motor to rotate through the rotating frame 42 in the charging basket 41, the raw material is extruded from the discharging trough block 44 through the extruding roller 43, the top surface of the discharging trough block 44 is vertically penetrated with a chute, and the extruding template 45 is slidably installed in the chute of the discharging trough block 44, thereby facilitating the rapid replacement of the extruding templates 45 with different sizes and shapes according to the production requirements, and then can carry out precomminution to biomass material when biofuel produces to make things convenient for crushing machinery to process and smash, improve kibbling efficiency and effect, improve the security when smashing, and preheat during the biomass material conveying after smashing, be favorable to the later stage to dry and extrude, dismouting when hot pressing extrusion device conveniently changes the mould simultaneously does benefit to the later stage and changes according to production needs, and then is favorable to improving machining efficiency.
Referring to fig. 4, the top ends of the front and rear end surfaces of the material guiding hopper 12 are vertically and fixedly connected with a mounting plate 13, two mounting chutes 131 are symmetrically formed through the front and rear end surfaces of the mounting plate 13, and the mounting chutes 131 of the mounting plate 13 are respectively and horizontally provided with a crushing structure 14 and a rolling structure 15.
And then through the equal vertical fixedly connected with mounting panel 13 in top of guide hopper 12 front and back terminal surface, the installation of being convenient for is connected crushing structure 14 and is rolled structure 15 and pulverize the extrusion in advance to biomass material, thereby biomass material of bulky when just having current biomass fuel smashes receives stress and causes the saw-dust to violently fly, causes harm to the staff, and the later stage crushing structure 18 of being convenient for smashes, improves crushing efficiency and crushing effect, reduces the potential safety hazard.
Referring to fig. 5, the crushing structure 14 includes a crushing roller 141, a crushing motor 143, an installation slider 16 and a return spring 17, crushing teeth 142 are uniformly and vertically fixed on an outer circumferential surface of the crushing roller 141, connecting rods at two ends of the crushing roller 141 are rotatably connected with the installation slider 16 through bearings in a penetrating manner, the installation slider 16 is slidably connected in an installation chute 131 of the installation plate 13, the return spring 17 is vertically fixed on upper and lower end surfaces of the installation slider 16, the other end of the return spring 17 is fixedly connected with upper and lower inner walls of the installation chute 131, one end of the crushing roller 141 is connected with a transmission shaft of the crushing motor 143, and the crushing motor 143 is fixed on an outer end surface of the installation slider 16 through a connecting rod.
And then evenly vertically be fixed with crushing tooth 142 on the outside periphery through crushing roller 141, make crushing roller 141 rotate and connect in installation slider 16, and with fix through the connecting rod and be connected at installation slider 16 crushing motor 143 output, thereby drive crushing roller 141 and rotate and crush biomass material, and drive biomass material and advance to crushing case 11 in, install slider 16 sliding connection simultaneously in the installation spout 131 of mounting panel 13, and it is fixed with the upper and lower terminal surface of installation spout 131 through answer spring 17, thereby be favorable to crushing roller 141 vertical direction when crushing the great raw materials of volume and take place to slide, prevent that the raw materials from blockking up.
Referring to fig. 6, the rolling structure 15 includes a rolling wheel 151, a rolling motor 152, an installation slider 16 and a return spring 17, a connection rod at two ends of the rolling wheel 151 is rotatably connected with the installation slider 16 through a bearing, the installation slider 16 is slidably connected in an installation chute 131 of an installation plate 13, the return spring 17 is vertically fixed on upper and lower end faces of the installation slider 16, the other end of the return spring 17 is fixedly connected with upper and lower inner walls of the installation chute 131, one end of the rolling wheel 151 is connected with a transmission shaft of the rolling motor 152, and the rolling motor 152 is fixed on an outer end face of the installation slider 16 through a connection rod.
And then fix through rolling wheel 151 with through the connecting rod and roll the motor 152 output and be connected at installation slider 16, drive rolling wheel 151 and rotate and crush biomass material to drive biomass material and advance to smash case 11 in, and then with further smashing of biomass raw materials, do benefit to the improvement and smash the effect.
Referring to fig. 7 and 8, the pulverizing structure 18 includes a pulverizing roller 181, a pulverizing motor 183 and shredding arc blocks 184, and two ends of the pulverizing roller 181 are rotatably connected to the middle portion of the front and rear end faces of the pulverizing box 11 through bearings, the shredding arc blocks 184 are oppositely disposed on both sides of the pulverizing roller 181, and the shredding arc blocks 184 are respectively fixedly mounted on the inner walls of both sides of the pulverizing box 11 through bolts, one end of the pulverizing roller 181 is connected to a transmission shaft of the pulverizing motor 183 fixedly mounted on the outer side wall of the pulverizing box 11, pulverizing teeth 182 are uniformly fixed on the outer side circumferential surface of the pulverizing roller 181, cutting knives 185 are uniformly fixed on the opposite arc surfaces of the shredding arc blocks 184, and the cutting knives 185 and the pulverizing teeth 182 are transversely spaced.
And then through the one end of the crushing roller 181 with the drive shaft of the crushing motor 183 fixedly mounted on the outer sidewall of the crushing box 11, drive the crushing roller 181 and rotate in the crushing box 11, and the cutting knife 185 on the crushing roller 181 fixed on both sides end surfaces of the crushing box 11 cooperates with crushing tooth 182 on the crushing roller 181 in the horizontal interval distribution, and then further crushing of the biomass raw materials is torn, thus do benefit to the post processing.
Referring to fig. 9, the drying device 2 includes a drying box 21, a drying conveyor belt 22 and a top plate 26, the drying box 21 is disposed under the crushing box 11, the drying box 21 is a rectangular structure with a hollow top surface, the top opening end of the drying box 21 is fixedly connected with the top plate 26, the drying conveyor belt 22 is horizontally disposed inside the drying box 21, and a bottom surface of the drying box 21, which is close to the bottom end of the drying conveyor belt 22, is connected with a bottom through blanking box 27.
And then set up under crushing case 11 through stoving case 21, and stoving case 21 is the cuboid structure that inside cavity top surface runs through to be close to stoving conveyer belt 22 on stoving case 21 bottom surface, and then lead to the saw-dust to violently fly away and scatter and disappear easily when reducing the conveying, lead to the nothing of raw and other materials to scatter and disappear, be unfavorable for guaranteeing the whole neatness nature of factory building.
Referring to fig. 9, a shaft hole ear seat 23 is vertically fixed on the side end surface of the drying box 21 close to the feeding end of the drying conveyor 22, a support 24 is arranged under the crushing box 11 on one side of the drying box 21, the top end of the support 24 is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the crushing box 11, a rotating shaft rod 25 is horizontally fixed on one side of the support 24, a bearing is arranged in the shaft hole ear seat 23 on the drying box 21, and the bearing in the shaft hole ear seat 23 is fixedly sleeved on the rotating shaft rod 25.
And then the shaft hole ear seat 23 through stoving case 21 one end rotates through pivot pole 25 and connects on support 24, and then the convenience is adjusted the conveying angle of stoving case 21 according to the user demand, improves the flexibility of using and the convenience of regulation.
Referring to fig. 10, a through groove 261 is formed through one side of the top plate 26 close to the pulverizing box 11, the through groove 261 is connected with the discharging cloth bag 113 at the bottom end of the pulverizing box 11, the drying lamps 262 and the material-shifting plate 263 are transversely arranged on the bottom surface of the top plate 26 at intervals, the top surfaces of the drying lamps 262 and the material-shifting plate 263 are welded on the bottom surface of the top plate 26, and the material-shifting teeth 264 are vertically and obliquely fixed on the bottom surface of the material-shifting plate 263.
And then through groove 261 and the unloading sack 113 through connection on smashing case 11 on smashing the case 11, the transportation of the raw materials of being convenient for, lateral separation is provided with stoving lamp 262 and switch board 263 on the bottom surface of roof 26 simultaneously, carries out stoving processing in advance when drying conveyer belt 22 conveying the biomass material after smashing, and then has effectively avoided the shortcoming that the biomass material after smashing can not dry in the conveying, improves the stoving effect of wooden raw materials.
Referring to fig. 11 and 12, the conveying device 3 includes a conveying cylinder 31, a conveying screw 33 and a conveying motor 34, the conveying cylinder 31 is disposed below the material discharging box 27 in the drying device 2, one end of the top of the conveying cylinder 31 is vertically communicated with a material receiving hopper 32, the material receiving hopper 32 is disposed under the material discharging box 27, the conveying screw 33 is disposed in the conveying cylinder 31, two ends of the conveying screw 33 are connected to two end surfaces of the conveying cylinder 31 through bearings, one end of the conveying screw 33 is connected to the conveying motor 34 fixed on the end surface of the conveying cylinder 31 through a transmission shaft, and a material discharging slot is formed in the bottom of the other end of the outer circumferential surface of the conveying cylinder 31.
And the raw materials received from the blanking box 27 in the drying device 2 are conveyed to the extruding device 4 by the conveying screw 33 arranged in the conveying cylinder 31 under the driving of the conveying motor 34, so that the raw materials can be conveniently processed and used in the next step.
Referring to fig. 13, the extruding device 4 includes a material barrel 41, a rotating frame 42, an extruding roller 43 and a discharging slot block 44, the center of the inner bottom surface of the material barrel 41 is vertically and rotatably connected with the rotating frame 42 through a sealing bearing, the bottom end of the rotating frame 42 penetrates through the bottom surface of the material barrel 41 and is connected with a motor, the rotating frame 42 is vertically and rotatably connected with the extruding roller 43, the discharging slot block 44 penetrates through and is fixed at the front end of the outer circumferential surface of the material barrel 41, the front end surface and the rear end surface of the discharging slot block 44 are arranged in a penetrating manner, a sliding groove is vertically formed in the top surface of the discharging slot block 44 in a penetrating manner, an extruding template 45 is slidably mounted in the sliding groove of the discharging slot block 44, a top cover 46 is hermetically connected to the top end surface of the material barrel 41, the top end of the top cover 46 is connected with the discharging.
And then convey extrusion device 4 through biomass material through conveyer 3 in, rotate under the drive of motor through revolving rack 42 in storage bucket 41, advance the raw materials through squeeze roll 43 and extrude from ejection of compact groove piece 44, the spout has been seted up to vertical running through on the top surface of ejection of compact groove piece 44, and slidable mounting has extrusion die plate 45 in ejection of compact groove piece 44's the spout, is convenient for according to the extrusion die plate 45 of the different sizes of production demand quick replacement and shape.
The working principle is as follows: when the processing device for producing the biomass fuel is used for processing the biomass fuel, firstly, the biomass raw material is sent into the crushing device 1, the roller 121 arranged in the guide hopper 12 arranged on the feeding chute 111 at the front end of the crushing box 11 of the crushing device 1 is matched with the crushing structure 14 and the rolling structure 15, the biomass material is driven to advance towards the feeding chute 111 on the roller 121, and the crushing structure 14 and the rolling structure 15 crush and extrude the biomass material in advance in the process of advancing, so that the large-volume biomass material is stressed to cause sawdust to fly transversely when the existing biomass fuel is crushed by the crushing machine, the harm is caused to the working personnel, the later crushing structure 18 is convenient to crush, the crushing efficiency and the crushing effect are improved, the potential safety hazard is reduced, meanwhile, the drying box 21 is arranged under the crushing box 11, and the drying box 21 is of a cuboid structure with a hollow top surface penetrating through inside, and the upper opening end of the drying box 21 is fixedly connected with a top plate 26, the drying conveyor belt 22 is horizontally installed inside the drying box 21, and the drying lamps 262 and the material shifting plate 263 are transversely arranged on the bottom surface of the top plate 26 at intervals, the drying treatment is carried out in advance when the drying conveyor belt 22 conveys the crushed biomass material, thereby effectively avoiding the defect that the crushed biomass material cannot be dried in the conveying process, improving the drying effect of the wood raw material, meanwhile, the biomass material is conveyed into the extruding device 4 through the conveying device 3, and is driven by the motor to rotate through the rotating frame 42 in the charging basket 41, the raw material is extruded from the discharging trough block 44 through the extruding roller 43, the top surface of the discharging trough block 44 is vertically penetrated with a chute, and the extruding template 45 is slidably installed in the chute of the discharging trough block 44, thereby facilitating the rapid replacement of the extruding templates 45 with different sizes and shapes according to the production requirements, and then can carry out precomminution to biomass material when biofuel produces to make things convenient for crushing machinery to process and smash, improve kibbling efficiency and effect, improve the security when smashing, and preheat during the biomass material conveying after smashing, be favorable to the later stage to dry and extrude, dismouting when hot pressing extrusion device conveniently changes the mould simultaneously does benefit to the later stage and changes according to production needs, and then is favorable to improving machining efficiency.
The device that obtains through the aforesaid design has satisfied one kind basically and can carry out precomminution to biomass material when producing biomass fuel, thereby it is smashed to make things convenient for crushing machining, improve kibbling efficiency and effect, improve the security when smashing, and preheat during the biomass material conveying after smashing, be favorable to the later stage to dry and extrude, dismouting when hot pressing extrusion device conveniently changes the mould simultaneously, do benefit to the later stage and change according to the production needs, and then be favorable to improving the use of processingequipment for biomass fuel production of machining efficiency, but the purpose of its function is further perfected at this moment, the designer has carried out further improvement to the device.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a processingequipment is used in biomass fuel production, includes reducing mechanism (1), drying device (2), conveyer (3) and extrusion device (4), its characterized in that: a drying device (2) is arranged right below the crushing device (1), the feeding end of the drying device (2) is in through connection with the discharging end of the crushing device (1), a conveying device (3) is arranged right below the discharging end of the drying device (2), the feeding end of the conveying device (3) is in through connection with the discharging end of the drying device (2), the discharging end of the conveying device (3) is in through connection with an extruding device (4), the crushing device (1) comprises a crushing box (11), a material guide hopper (12) and a crushing structure (18), a feeding chute (111) is arranged on the upper portion of the front end face of the crushing box (11) in a through mode, the material guide hopper (12) is horizontally fixed at the bottom end of the feeding chute (111) on the outer end face of the crushing box (11), the vertical section of the material guide hopper (12) is U-shaped, and a rotating roller (121) is horizontally and rotatably connected to the front inner wall and the rear wall of the material guide hopper (, the inside of crushing case (11) is installed and is smashed structure (18), and smashes the bottom of case (11) and seted up discharge gate (112), and the bottom erection joint of discharge gate (112) has unloading sack (113).
2. The processing device for producing the biomass fuel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the top ends of the front and rear end surfaces of the guide hopper (12) are vertically and fixedly connected with a mounting plate (13), two mounting chutes (131) are symmetrically formed in the mounting plate (13) through the front and rear end surfaces, and the mounting chutes (131) of the mounting plate (13) are respectively and horizontally provided with the crushing structure (14) and the rolling structure (15).
3. The processing device for biomass fuel production according to claim 2, the crushing structure (14) comprises a crushing roller (141), a crushing motor (143), a mounting slider (16) and a return spring (17), crushing teeth (142) are uniformly and vertically fixed on the outer circumferential surface of the crushing roller (141), the connecting rods at the two ends of the crushing roller (141) are in through rotary connection with mounting sliding blocks (16) through bearings, and the mounting slide block (16) is connected in a mounting chute (131) of the mounting plate (13) in a sliding way, return springs (17) are vertically fixed on the upper end surface and the lower end surface of the mounting sliding block (16), and the other end of the return spring (17) is fixedly connected with the upper and lower inner walls of the mounting chute (131), one end of the crushing roller (141) is connected with a transmission shaft of a crushing motor (143), and a crushing motor (143) is fixed on the outer end face of the mounting slider (16) through a connecting rod.
4. The processing device for biomass fuel production according to claim 3, wherein the rolling structure (15) comprises a rolling wheel (151), a rolling motor (152), a mounting slider (16) and a return spring (17), connecting rods at two ends of the rolling wheel (151) are rotatably connected with the mounting slider (16) through bearings in a penetrating manner, the mounting slider (16) is slidably connected in a mounting chute (131) of the mounting plate (13), the return spring (17) is vertically fixed on the upper end surface and the lower end surface of the mounting slider (16), the other end of the return spring (17) is fixedly connected with the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall of the mounting chute (131), one end of the rolling wheel (151) is connected with a transmission shaft of the rolling motor (152), and the rolling motor (152) is fixed on the outer end surface of the mounting slider (16) through a connecting rod.
5. The processing device for biomass fuel production according to claim 4, the crushing structure (18) comprises a crushing roller (181), a crushing motor (183) and a shredding arc block (184), two ends of the crushing roller (181) are rotatably connected with the middle parts of the front and rear end surfaces of the crushing box (11) in a penetrating way through bearings, two sides of the crushing roller (181) are respectively and oppositely provided with a shredding arc block (184), and the shredding arc blocks (184) are respectively fixedly arranged on the inner walls of the two sides of the crushing box (11) through bolts, one end of the crushing roller (181) is connected with a transmission shaft of a crushing motor (183) fixedly arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing box (11), and the outer circumferential surface of the crushing roller (181) is uniformly fixed with crushing teeth (182), the shredding arc block (184) is uniformly fixed with cutting knives (185) on the relative arc surface, and the cutting knives (185) and the shredding teeth (182) are transversely distributed at intervals.
6. The processing device for producing the biomass fuel according to claim 5, wherein the drying device (2) comprises a drying box (21), a drying conveyor belt (22) and a top plate (26), the drying box (21) is arranged under the crushing box (11), the drying box (21) is of a cuboid structure with a hollow top surface penetrating through the drying box, the top plate (26) is fixedly connected to an upper opening end of the drying box (21), the drying conveyor belt (22) is horizontally arranged in the drying box (21), and a discharging box (27) with a bottom surface penetrating through the drying box (21) is connected to the bottom surface of the drying box (21) close to a discharging end of the drying conveyor belt (22) in a penetrating manner.
7. The processing device for producing the biomass fuel as recited in claim 5, wherein a shaft hole ear seat (23) is vertically fixed on a side end surface of the drying box (21) close to a feeding end of the drying conveyor belt (22), a support (24) is arranged right below the crushing box (11) on one side of the drying box (21), a top end of the support (24) is fixedly connected with a bottom surface of the crushing box (11), a rotating shaft rod (25) is horizontally fixed on one side of the support (24), a bearing is arranged in the shaft hole ear seat (23) on the drying box (21), and the bearing in the shaft hole ear seat (23) is fixedly sleeved on the rotating shaft rod (25).
8. The processing device for producing the biomass fuel as recited in claim 5, wherein a through groove (261) is formed in one side, close to the crushing box (11), of the top plate (26) in a penetrating manner, the through groove (261) is connected with a blanking cloth bag (113) at the bottom end of the crushing box (11) in a penetrating manner, drying lamps (262) and a material shifting plate (263) are transversely arranged on the bottom surface of the top plate (26) at intervals, the top surfaces of the drying lamps (262) and the material shifting plate (263) are welded on the bottom surface of the top plate (26), and material shifting teeth (264) are vertically and obliquely fixed on the bottom surface of the material shifting plate (263).
9. The processing device for biomass fuel production according to claim 5, the conveying device (3) comprises a conveying cylinder (31), a conveying screw rod (33) and a conveying motor (34), and the conveying cylinder (31) is arranged below the blanking box (27) in the drying device (2), one end of the top of the conveying cylinder (31) is vertically communicated with a receiving hopper (32) in a penetrating way, the receiving hopper (32) is arranged right below the blanking box (27), the conveying cylinder (31) is provided with a conveying screw rod (33), and two ends of the material conveying screw (33) are connected with two end surfaces of the conveying cylinder (31) through bearings, one end of the material conveying screw rod (33) is connected with a transmission shaft of a material conveying motor (34) fixed on the end surface of the conveying cylinder (31), and the bottom of the other end of the outer circumferential surface of the conveying cylinder (31) is provided with a discharge chute in a penetrating way.
10. The processing device for producing the biomass fuel according to claim 6, wherein the extrusion device (4) comprises a material barrel (41), a rotating frame (42), an extrusion roller (43) and a discharging slot block (44), the rotating frame (42) is vertically and rotatably connected to the center of the inner bottom surface of the material barrel (41) through a sealed bearing, a motor is connected to the bottom end of the rotating frame (42) through the bottom surface of the material barrel (41), the extrusion roller (43) is vertically and rotatably connected to the rotating frame (42), the discharging slot block (44) is fixedly connected to the front end of the outer circumferential surface of the material barrel (41) through, the front end surface and the rear end surface of the discharging slot block (44) are arranged through, a sliding groove is vertically arranged on the top surface of the discharging slot block (44) through, an extrusion template (45) is slidably installed in the sliding groove of the discharging slot block (44), and a top cover (46) is hermetically connected to the top end surface of the material barrel (41), the top end of the top cover (46) is connected with a discharge chute of the conveying cylinder (31) through a guide pipe, and a bottom frame (47) is vertically fixed on the bottom end face of the charging bucket (41).
CN201911213897.5A 2019-12-02 2019-12-02 Processingequipment is used in biomass fuel production Pending CN111218316A (en)

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CN112251266A (en) * 2020-10-16 2021-01-22 黄伟 Environment-friendly biomass fuel treatment method
CN112251266B (en) * 2020-10-16 2021-12-14 七台河昌达生物能源科技有限公司 Environment-friendly biomass fuel treatment method
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