CN111058343A - Sponge city ecological pavement system permeates water - Google Patents

Sponge city ecological pavement system permeates water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111058343A
CN111058343A CN202010047787.2A CN202010047787A CN111058343A CN 111058343 A CN111058343 A CN 111058343A CN 202010047787 A CN202010047787 A CN 202010047787A CN 111058343 A CN111058343 A CN 111058343A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
permeable
water
layer
drainage
pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010047787.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张延年
杨森
刘悦
汪青杰
刘文亮
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenyang Original Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shenyang Original Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenyang Original Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shenyang Original Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN202010047787.2A priority Critical patent/CN111058343A/en
Publication of CN111058343A publication Critical patent/CN111058343A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/002Design or lay-out of roads, e.g. street systems, cross-sections ; Design for noise abatement, e.g. sunken road
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/225Paving specially adapted for through-the-surfacing drainage, e.g. perforated, porous; Preformed paving elements comprising, or adapted to form, passageways for carrying off drainage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C15/00Pavings specially adapted for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C9/00Special pavings; Pavings for special parts of roads or airfields
    • E01C9/004Pavings specially adapted for allowing vegetation
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F1/00Methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage or storm water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F3/00Sewer pipe-line systems
    • E03F3/04Pipes or fittings specially adapted to sewers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/04Gullies inlets, road sinks, floor drains with or without odour seals or sediment traps
    • E03F5/0401Gullies for use in roads or pavements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/10Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins

Abstract

The invention provides a permeable sponge urban ecological pavement system, which belongs to the technical field of sponge cities and comprises a motor vehicle lane, a drainage well, a well cover, a first drainage pipe, a permeable granite sidewalk, a cement mortar bonding layer, a permeable concrete filling layer, a flow-abandoning drainage funnel plate, a green belt, a planting soil layer, a permeable sand layer, a permeable polyester geotextile, a gravel coarse sand layer, a reverse filter layer, a backfill soil tamping base layer, a water guide pipe, a municipal pipe network, a second drainage pipe, a regulating and storing water storage tank, a water pump, a water suction pipe, a substrate, a permeable hole and a flow-abandoning drainage funnel.

Description

Sponge city ecological pavement system permeates water
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of sponge cities, and particularly relates to a permeable sponge urban ecological pavement system.
Background
The sponge city is a new generation of urban rainfall flood management concept, and means that the city has good elasticity in the aspects of adapting to environmental changes, coping with natural disasters caused by rainwater and the like, and can be also called as a water elasticity city. The international generic term is "low impact development storm water system construction". The water absorption, water storage, water seepage, water filtration and water purification during raining can release and utilize the stored water when needed, along with the development of urbanization process, the area of impermeable ground is increased at a high speed, so that a system for autonomous water supply beautification and greening, which can make up the defects in the aspects, is necessary to be developed to collect rainwater, and use the rainwater to keep the lawn, the utilization rate of water resources is improved, the integration of water storage, water supplement, drainage, beautification, greening and irrigation functions is realized, the adverse effects of noise and tail gas generated by vehicles on the surrounding environment can be greatly weakened, the effects of more efficient water storage, economic applicability, energy conservation, environmental protection and urban environment improvement are achieved, and the sponge city mainly refers to the city which can have the adsorption capacity like a sponge, absorbs water when in waterlogging and spits water when in drought. Has good elasticity when dealing with environmental changes and good strain capacity in the aspects of dealing with natural disasters and the like. The core of the method is to innovate the urban development mode, so that the city returns to the nature, and an ecological civilized city harmonious with the nature is built. Therefore, the basic principle of constructing the sponge city is to protect the ecology first and improve the scale and quality of the sponge body to the maximum extent, and the construction of the sponge city is to transform the original city infrastructure into the sponge body which absorbs water in waterlogging and spits water in drought. At present, most cities are designed to highlight urban landscapes, green lands are built higher than the surroundings, and cement, asphalt and floor bricks are adopted for paving road surfaces and street surfaces, so that the water permeability is extremely poor. In rainy days, the rainwater flows through the road and flows upwards, but not flows into the green land, so that the green land cannot contain moisture and absorb dust, and the best rainwater irrigation and fertilizer nutrition cannot be obtained. If a large amount of permeable paving materials are adopted to change the permeable pavement and the permeable street surface with the permeable concrete columns, the underground of the city can store considerable underground water for green land irrigation.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides a permeable sponge urban ecological pavement system, which can effectively supplement underground water, reduce the pressure of an underground drainage pipe network and purify soil if the rainfall is small, overcomes the defects caused by the impermeability of the original pavement, has good noise reduction and skid resistance functions, can automatically discharge redundant rainwater if the rainfall is large, and effectively avoids waterlogging and flood disasters.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
a permeable sponge urban ecological pavement system comprises a motor vehicle lane, a drainage well, well covers, a first drainage pipe, a permeable granite sidewalk, a cement mortar bonding layer, a permeable concrete filling layer, a flow-abandoning drainage funnel plate, a green belt, a planting soil layer, a permeable sand layer, a permeable polyester geotextile, a gravel coarse sand layer, a reverse filter layer, a backfill ramming base layer, a water guide pipe, a municipal pipe network, a second drainage pipe, a regulation and storage water storage tank, a water pump, a water suction pipe, a base plate, a permeable hole and a flow-abandoning drainage funnel, wherein the motor vehicle lane, the drainage well, the permeable granite sidewalk, the green belt and the regulation and storage water storage tank are sequentially arranged from left to right in the structure of the permeable sponge urban ecological pavement system, the well covers are arranged above the drainage well, the water guide pipe and the municipal pipe network are communicated with each other, the cement mortar bonding layer is arranged below the permeable granite sidewalk, the cement mortar bonding layer is arranged below the, a planting soil layer is arranged below the green belt, a permeable sand layer is arranged below the planting soil layer, a flow-discarding drainage funnel plate is arranged in the permeable concrete filling layer and the permeable sand layer, a pair of drainage pipes are arranged to be communicated with the permeable concrete filling layer, a pair of drainage pipes are arranged to be communicated with the permeable sand layer and the permeable sand layer, a water pump is arranged in the storage water tank, a water pumping pipe is arranged, the bottom end of the water pumping pipe is communicated with the water pump, the other end of the water pumping pipe extends out of the storage water tank, a permeable polyester geotextile is arranged below the permeable concrete filling layer and the permeable sand layer, a gravel coarse sand layer is arranged below the permeable polyester geotextile, a reverse filter layer is arranged below the gravel coarse sand layer, a backfill ramming base layer is arranged below the reverse filter layer and the storage water tank, the flow-discarding drainage funnel plate is composed of a base plate and a discarding drainage funnel, a plurality of permeable holes are longitudinally arranged in a row on the base plate, the lower part of the base plate is provided with a plurality of flow abandoning and draining funnels which are conical tubes, one end of each conical tube wide opening is arranged at the upper part, one end of each small opening is arranged at the lower part, and the upper end wide openings are communicated with the water permeable holes.
Furthermore, the first water discharge pipe, the second water discharge pipe and the water pumping pipe are made of PVC pipes.
Furthermore, the height of the first drain pipe and the second drain pipe in the vertical direction is higher than that of the drainage funnel plate.
Furthermore, the pore size of the permeable hole is consistent with the pore size of the wide mouth at the upper end of the drainage funnel.
The water on the motor vehicle lane is drained into a municipal pipe network through a drainage well and a water guide pipe, if the rainfall is small, a small amount of initial rainwater on the permeable granite sidewalk and the green belt enters a flow-abandoning drainage funnel plate through layer-by-layer permeation, all the initial rainwater flows down to the ground through the flow-abandoning drainage funnel plate, the underground water is effectively supplemented, the pressure of an underground drainage pipe network is reduced, the soil is purified, if the rainfall is large, only one part of the rainwater can flow down through the flow-abandoning drainage funnel plate, the liquid level in the flow-abandoning drainage funnel plate continuously rises until the liquid level is higher than the flow-abandoning drainage funnel plate, when the liquid level reaches the height of a first drainage pipe and a second drainage pipe, the redundant rainwater can enter the drainage well through the first drainage pipe and is drained, the redundant rainwater enters a regulating and storing tank through the second drainage pipe, the rainwater is quickly collected and, redundant rainwater is automatically discharged, and waterlogging and flood disasters are avoided.
The invention has the advantages and effects that:
the invention has the advantages that if the rainfall is small, the invention can effectively supplement underground water, reduce the pressure of an underground drainage pipe network, purify soil, overcome the defects caused by the impermeability of the original road surface, has good noise reduction and skid resistance functions, if the rainfall is large, redundant rainwater can be automatically discharged, corresponding treatment can be effectively and efficiently carried out on rainwater no matter how much rainfall is, excessive rainwater can not be accumulated on the ground, the occurrence of waterlogging flood disasters can be effectively avoided, the invention has prominent substantive characteristics and remarkable progress, the drainage and permeability of the road surface is good, rainwater can rapidly permeate into the ground, the underground water is reduced, the ecological balance of the underground water and soil is maintained, the sinking of a foundation caused by excessive exploitation of the underground water can be avoided, the structure of the road surface has compressive strength, the development requirement of a city is met, and the permeable road surface can carry out heat with air, The exchange of water has the capability of adjusting the temperature and the humidity of the urban ground surface, and can eliminate the heat island phenomenon.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a permeable sponge urban ecological pavement system.
FIG. 2 is a schematic elevation view of a waste drain funnel panel.
FIG. 3 is a side view of a discard drain funnel plate.
FIG. 4 is a top view of a waste drain funnel panel.
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a drainage funnel panel.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of a substrate.
In the figure: 1 is a motor vehicle lane; 2 is a drainage well; 3 is a well cover; 4 is a first water drainage pipe; 5, a permeable granite sidewalk; 6 is a cement mortar bonding layer; 7 is a permeable concrete filling layer; 8 is a drainage funnel plate; 9 is a green belt; 10 is a planting soil layer; 11 is a permeable sand layer; 12 is permeable polyester geotextile; 13 is a gravel coarse sand layer; 14 is an inverted filter layer; 15 is a backfill ramming base layer; 16 is a water guide pipe; 17 is a municipal pipe network; 18 is a second water drainage pipe; 19 is a regulating storage water tank; 20 is a water pump; 21 is a water pumping pipe; 22 is a substrate; 23 are water permeable holes; and 24 is a waste water drainage funnel.
Detailed Description
In order to further illustrate the present invention, the following detailed description of the present invention is given with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, which should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.
Example (b): as shown in fig. 1 to 6, the permeable sponge urban ecological pavement system of the invention comprises a motor vehicle lane 1, a drainage well 2, a well cover 3, a first drainage pipe 4, a permeable granite sidewalk 5, a cement mortar bonding layer 6, a permeable concrete filling layer 7, a drainage funnel plate 8, a green belt 9, a planting soil layer 10, a permeable sand layer 11, a permeable polyester geotextile 12, a gravel coarse sand layer 13, a reverse filter layer 14, a backfill soil tamping base layer 15, a water guide pipe 16, a municipal pipe network 17, a second drainage pipe 18, a regulation and storage water storage tank 19, a water pump 20, a water pumping pipe 21, a base plate 22, a permeable hole 23 and a drainage funnel 24, wherein the motor vehicle lane 1, the drainage well 2, the permeable granite sidewalk 5, the green belt 9 and the regulation and storage water storage tank 19 are sequentially arranged from the right to the left in the structure of the permeable sponge urban ecological pavement system, the well cover 3 is arranged above the drainage well 2, a water guide pipe 16 and a municipal pipe network 17 are communicated with each other below the drainage well 2, a cement mortar bonding layer 6 is arranged below the water permeable granite sidewalk 5, a water permeable concrete filling layer 7 is arranged below the cement mortar bonding layer 6, a planting soil layer 10 is arranged below the green belt 9, a water permeable sand layer 11 is arranged below the planting soil layer 10, a flow abandoning drainage funnel plate 8 is arranged in the water permeable concrete filling layer 7 and the water permeable sand layer 11, a drainage pipe I4 is arranged to communicate the drainage well 2 with the water permeable concrete filling layer 7, a drainage pipe II 18 is arranged to communicate the water permeable sand layer 11 with a regulation and storage water storage tank 19, a water pump 20 is arranged in the regulation and storage water storage tank 19, a water pumping pipe 21 is arranged, the bottom end of the water pumping pipe 21 is communicated with the water pump 20, the other end of the water pumping pipe 21 extends out of the regulation and storage tank 19, a water permeable polyester geotextile 12 is arranged below the water permeable concrete filling layer 7 and the, set up gravel coarse sand layer 13 in the below of polyester geotechnological cloth 12 that permeates water, set up inverted filter 14 in the below of gravel coarse sand layer 13, set up backfill soil tamp basic unit 15 in the below of inverted filter 14 and regulation tank 19, abandon a class drainage funnel board 8 comprises base plate 22 and abandon a class drainage funnel 24, violently indulge on base plate 22 and set up a plurality of holes 23 that permeate water in a row, set up a plurality of abandon a class drainage funnel 24 in the below of base plate 22, abandon a class drainage funnel 24 and be a conical duct, conical duct wide mouth one end is last, osculum one end is under, upper end wide mouth and the hole 23 UNICOM that permeates water.
The first water discharge pipe 4, the water guide pipe 16, the second water discharge pipe 18 and the water pumping pipe 21 are made of PVC pipes.
The height of the first drain pipe 4 and the second drain pipe 18 in the vertical direction is higher than that of the drainage funnel plate 8.
The pore size of the permeable hole 23 is consistent with the pore size of the wide mouth at the upper end of the drainage funnel 24.
The water on the motor vehicle lane 1 is drained into a municipal pipe network 17 through a drainage well 2 and a water guide pipe 16, if the rainfall is small, a small amount of initial rainwater on the permeable granite sidewalk 5 and the green belt 9 enters a drainage funnel plate 8 through layer-by-layer permeation, all the initial rainwater flows down to the ground through the drainage funnel plate 24, the underground moisture is effectively supplemented, the pressure of the underground drainage pipe network is reduced, the soil is purified, if the rainfall is large, only a part of the rainwater can flow down through the drainage funnel plate 24, the liquid level in the drainage funnel plate 24 is continuously raised until the height of the liquid level is higher than that of the drainage funnel plate 8, when the height of the liquid level reaches the height of a drainage pipe I4 and a drainage pipe II 18, the redundant rainwater can enter the drainage well 2 through the drainage pipe I4 to be drained, the redundant rainwater enters a regulation and storage tank 19 through the drainage pipe II 18, and the rainwater can, when the rainwater-collecting device is used, the rainwater is taken out through the water pump 20 and the water pumping pipe 21, and at the moment, redundant rainwater is automatically discharged, so that waterlogging and flood disasters are avoided.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and decorations can be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these modifications and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a sponge city ecological pavement system permeates water, including motorway (1), drainage shaft (2), well lid (3), drain pipe (4), granite pavement (5) permeates water, cement mortar tie coat (6), concrete filling layer (7) permeates water, abandon a class drainage funnel board (8), greenbelt (9), planting soil layer (10), sand layer (11) permeates water, polyester geotechnological cloth (12) permeates water, gravel coarse sand layer (13), inverted filter (14), backfill soil tamp basic unit (15), aqueduct (16), municipal pipe network (17), drain pipe two (18), regulation reservoir (19), water pump (20), drinking-water pipe (21), base plate (22), hole (23) of permeating water and abandon a class drainage funnel (24), its characterized in that:
in the structure of the permeable sponge urban ecological pavement system, a motor way (1), a drainage well (2), a permeable granite sidewalk (5), a green belt (9) and a regulation water storage tank (19) are sequentially arranged from left to right, a well cover (3) is arranged above the drainage well (2), a water guide pipe (16) and a municipal pipe network (17) are communicated with each other below the drainage well (2), a cement mortar bonding layer (6) is arranged below the permeable granite sidewalk (5), a permeable concrete filling layer (7) is arranged below the cement mortar bonding layer (6), a planting soil layer (10) is arranged below the green belt (9), a permeable sand layer (11) is arranged below the planting soil layer (10), a drainage funnel plate (8) is arranged in the permeable concrete filling layer (7) and the permeable sand layer (11), a drainage pipe I (4) is arranged to communicate the drainage well (2) with the permeable concrete filling layer (7), a second drainage pipe (18) is arranged to communicate the permeable sand layer (11) with the storage water tank (19), a water pump (20) is arranged in the storage water tank (19), a water pumping pipe (21) is arranged, the bottom end of the water pumping pipe (21) is communicated with the water pump (20), the other end of the water pumping pipe (21) extends out of the storage water tank (19), a permeable polyester geotextile (12) is arranged below the permeable concrete filling layer (7) and the permeable sand layer (11), a gravel coarse sand layer (13) is arranged below the permeable polyester geotextile (12), a reverse filter layer (14) is arranged below the gravel coarse sand layer (13), a backfill ramming base layer (15) is arranged below the reverse filter layer (14) and the storage water tank (19), a waste flow drainage funnel plate (8) is composed of a base plate (22) and a waste flow drainage funnel (24), a plurality of permeable holes (23) are longitudinally arranged in rows on the base plate (22), a plurality of flow discarding and water discharging funnels (24) are arranged below the base plate (22), each flow discarding and water discharging funnel (24) is a conical pipe, one end of a wide opening of each conical pipe is arranged at the upper part, one end of a small opening is arranged at the lower part, and the wide opening at the upper end is communicated with the water permeable hole (23).
2. The permeable sponge urban ecological pavement system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the first drain pipe (4), the water guide pipe (16), the second drain pipe (18) and the water pumping pipe (21) are made of PVC pipes.
3. The permeable sponge urban ecological pavement system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the height of the first drain pipe (4) and the second drain pipe (18) in the vertical direction is higher than that of the drainage funnel plate (8).
4. The permeable sponge urban ecological pavement system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the pore size of the water permeable holes (23) is consistent with that of the wide mouth at the upper end of the drainage funnel (24).
CN202010047787.2A 2020-01-16 2020-01-16 Sponge city ecological pavement system permeates water Pending CN111058343A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010047787.2A CN111058343A (en) 2020-01-16 2020-01-16 Sponge city ecological pavement system permeates water

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010047787.2A CN111058343A (en) 2020-01-16 2020-01-16 Sponge city ecological pavement system permeates water

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Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111877491A (en) * 2020-08-03 2020-11-03 四川大华生态园林工程有限公司 Urban rainwater seepage and drainage integrated system based on sponge
CN111893821A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-11-06 长江勘测规划设计研究有限责任公司 Hidden road drainage structure and drainage method thereof
CN112095399A (en) * 2020-09-03 2020-12-18 上海市城市建设设计研究总院(集团)有限公司 Liftable waterlogging-prevention drainage type pavement slab pavement structure and control method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111893821A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-11-06 长江勘测规划设计研究有限责任公司 Hidden road drainage structure and drainage method thereof
CN111877491A (en) * 2020-08-03 2020-11-03 四川大华生态园林工程有限公司 Urban rainwater seepage and drainage integrated system based on sponge
CN112095399A (en) * 2020-09-03 2020-12-18 上海市城市建设设计研究总院(集团)有限公司 Liftable waterlogging-prevention drainage type pavement slab pavement structure and control method thereof

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