CN111055127A - Bar processing equipment - Google Patents

Bar processing equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111055127A
CN111055127A CN201911348105.5A CN201911348105A CN111055127A CN 111055127 A CN111055127 A CN 111055127A CN 201911348105 A CN201911348105 A CN 201911348105A CN 111055127 A CN111055127 A CN 111055127A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bar
clamping
mechanical arm
clamp
driving device
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Pending
Application number
CN201911348105.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈国华
王建军
孙占伟
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Jiangsu Wutong Internet Of Things Technology Co ltd
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Jiangsu Wutong Internet Of Things Technology Co ltd
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Application filed by Jiangsu Wutong Internet Of Things Technology Co ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Wutong Internet Of Things Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN201911348105.5A priority Critical patent/CN111055127A/en
Publication of CN111055127A publication Critical patent/CN111055127A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/06Metal-working plant comprising a number of associated machines or apparatus

Abstract

The bar processing equipment of the invention comprises: a machine base; the clamping unit comprises n clamping devices which are equidistantly arranged along the positive direction of the x axis of the machine base, and each clamping device comprises a clamp; the conveying unit comprises a driving device and n +1 mechanical hands which are arranged at equal intervals; the processing unit is positioned on one side or two sides of the clamping unit along the y-axis direction of the machine base; and a feeding device. When the machining is carried out, the mechanical arm moves to the material taking position, the first mechanical arm grabs the bar of the feeding device, the (m + 1) th mechanical arm grabs the bar of the mth clamping device, the rear mechanical arm moves to the material taking position, the mth mechanical arm moves the bar to the mth clamp position, after the clamp clamps the bar, the mechanical arm loosens and moves back the material taking position, the rear machining unit machines the bar, the rear mechanical arm repeatedly grabs, after the bar is grabbed, the clamp loosens the bar, the mechanical arm moves to the material taking position, and then the equipment repeats the previous actions. The invention has simple structure, can simultaneously operate a plurality of working procedures, and has simple operation, low production cost and high production efficiency.

Description

Bar processing equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of bar processing equipment, in particular to bar processing equipment.
Background
When punching, chamfer and tapping operation are carried out to the bar, one of them process can only be carried out alone to the processing equipment of current mostly, and can't realize the continuity of multi-process operation, if will carry out multi-process processing to the bar, then need change another equipment after having carried out a process, equipment cost is higher, and degree of automation is low, and production efficiency is low.
In addition, when the existing processing equipment clamps the bar, most of the existing processing equipment directly clamps one end of the bar, the clamping mode is not only troublesome in assembly and disassembly, but also needs to be disassembled and replaced again to clamp and fix when the bar needing to be processed at two ends is encountered, the processing mode is not only troublesome in operation and low in processing efficiency, but also can damage the processed end of the bar in the processing process.
Moreover, today, with the increasing labor cost, the factory has raised higher requirements for the automation degree and the production efficiency of the equipment, and the traditional processing equipment has failed to meet the market demand, so that in combination with the above existing technical problems, there is a need to provide a new technical solution.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems in the prior art, the invention provides bar processing equipment, which comprises the following specific technical scheme:
the invention relates to bar processing equipment, which comprises: a machine base; the clamping unit comprises n clamping devices which are equidistantly arranged along the positive direction of the x axis of the machine base, and each clamping device comprises a clamp for clamping a bar; the conveying unit comprises a driving device and n +1 mechanical hands which are arranged at equal intervals, the distance between every two adjacent mechanical hands is consistent with the distance between every two clamps of the adjacent clamping devices, and the driving device drives the mechanical hands to move between a material taking position and a material placing position; the processing unit is positioned on one side or two sides of the clamping unit along the y-axis direction of the machine base; and a feeding device;
when a bar is processed, the mechanical arm is driven to move to the material taking position, the first mechanical arm grabs the bar in the material feeding device, the m +1 th mechanical arm grabs the bar on the mth clamping device, the mechanical arm is driven to move to the material placing position, the mth mechanical arm moves the bar to the clamp position of the mth clamping device, after the clamp clamps the bar, the mechanical arm puts down the bar and moves back to the material taking position, the processing unit processes the bar, after the processing is completed, the mechanical arm repeats the action of grabbing the bar, after the mechanical arm grabs the bar, the clamp of the clamping device loosens the bar, the mechanical arm is driven to move to the material placing position, and then the equipment repeats the previous actions (wherein n, m, m is more than or equal to 1).
Furthermore, the clamping device further comprises a clamping seat and a clamp driving device, the clamp is installed on the clamping seat, and the clamping seat is installed on the machine base.
Furthermore, the conveying unit further comprises a moving support plate and a slide rail, the length direction of the slide rail is consistent with the x-axis direction of the machine base, the driving device drives the moving support plate to slide on the slide rail, the manipulator is installed on the moving support plate, and the manipulator is located above the clamp.
Furthermore, the conveying unit further comprises a connecting plate, the driving device comprises a translation driving device and a lifting driving device, the translation driving device drives the transfer plate to slide on the sliding rail, the connecting plate is installed on the transfer plate, the lifting driving device drives the connecting plate to move on the transfer plate along the direction of the z axis of the machine base, and the manipulator is installed on the connecting plate.
Furthermore, the number of the transfer plates is two, and the translation driving device drives the two transfer plates to move simultaneously.
Furthermore, the translation driving device is a bidirectional translation cylinder, and two ends of a main shaft of the translation driving device are respectively connected with the two transfer plates.
Furthermore, the slide rails are two linear slide rails arranged in parallel, and the connecting plate is located between the two linear slide rails.
Further, the feeding device comprises a storage bin and a distributing device, the distributing device comprises a fixed seat, a distributor and a distributing groove which are arranged on the fixed seat, the fixed seat is arranged on the machine seat, a discharge hole of the storage bin is communicated with the distributing groove,
when feeding, the bar stock in the storage bin is conveyed to the material distributing groove through the discharge hole, and then the material distributor pushes the bar stock to the discharge hole.
Furthermore, the storage bin and the plane where the engine base is located have an included angle, the feed inlet position of the storage bin is higher than the position of the discharge outlet, and the included angle between the storage bin and the plane where the engine base is located is adjustable.
Furthermore, the processing unit comprises a plurality of power heads, each power head comprises a punching power head, a chamfering power head and a tapping power head, each power head corresponds to one clamping device, and the processing direction of each power head faces to the bar stock clamped by the corresponding clamping device.
The bar processing equipment provided by the invention has the following beneficial effects:
(1) according to the bar processing equipment, continuous operation of multiple processes such as punching, chamfering and tapping can be performed on bars, so that one machine is multipurpose, the equipment cost is greatly saved, the link of replacing different equipment in different processes is avoided, and the production efficiency is remarkably improved;
(2) according to the bar processing equipment, the storage bin is designed in an inclined mode, the automatic feeding of the bars can be achieved by means of the gravity of the bars, the waste of resources can be reduced when the storage bin is used, and the storage bin is simple to process and manufacture, low in cost, wide in application range and convenient to adjust;
(3) the bar processing equipment adopts the plurality of clamping devices connected in parallel, can realize simultaneous action of a plurality of clamps and also can realize one or more independent actions, the clamping devices adopt a middle clamping mode, can be suitable for bars of which both ends need to be processed, can realize simultaneous processing of both ends of the bars when processing the bars, and the clamping devices are firm in clamping, wide in application range and simple in processing and manufacturing.
Additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, the drawings needed for the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a bar processing apparatus according to the present embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the bar processing apparatus according to the embodiment;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a clamping device according to the present embodiment;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a clamping device according to the present embodiment;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a conveying unit according to the present embodiment;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a conveying unit according to the present embodiment;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of the feeding device in this embodiment;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of the feeding device in this embodiment;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of the feeding device in this embodiment.
Wherein, 1-machine base, 2-clamping unit, 20-clamping device, 21-clamping base, 22-clamp, 221-clamping rod, 2211-clamping part, 2212-rotating part, 2213-driving part, 222-clamping block, 2221-supporting part, 2222-clamping jaw, 2223-mounting hole, 23-clamp driving device, 24-rotating shaft, 25-connecting piece, 26-fastening piece, 3-conveying unit, 30-sliding rail, 31-transfer plate, 32-mechanical arm, 33-connecting plate, 34-translation driving device, 35-lifting driving device, 36-adjusting device, 37-guide column, 38-linear bearing, 39-upright column, 391-upright column fixing base, 4-processing unit, 41-punching power head, 42-chamfering power head, 43-tapping power head, 5-feeding device, 51-storage bin, 511-support plate, 512-first baffle, 513-second baffle, 514-adjusting groove, 515-limiting plate, 52-material dividing device, 521-fixing seat, 522-material divider, 523-material dividing groove, 5231-feeding part, 5232-discharging part, 5233-feeding port, 53-adjusting frame, 531-U-shaped groove, 54-adjusting plate, 55-material blocker, 56-detecting device, 6-electric drag chain and 7-bar.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are illustrative and intended to be illustrative of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
Examples
Referring to fig. 1 to 9, fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a bar processing apparatus according to the present embodiment; FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the bar processing apparatus according to the embodiment; FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a clamping device according to the present embodiment; FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a clamping device according to the present embodiment; FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a conveying unit according to the present embodiment; FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a conveying unit according to the present embodiment; FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of the feeding device in this embodiment; FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of the feeding device in this embodiment; fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of the feeding device in this embodiment.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a bar processing apparatus of the present invention includes: the device comprises a machine base 1, a clamping unit 2, a conveying unit 3, a processing unit 4 and a feeding device 5.
In this embodiment, the clamping unit 2 preferably includes 5 clamping devices 20 arranged equidistantly along the positive direction of the x-axis of the machine base 1, and of course, the number of the clamping devices 20 is not limited to 5, and may be other numbers. As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the clamping device 20 includes a clamping base 21, a clamp 22 for clamping the bar, and a clamp driving device 23, wherein the clamp 22 is mounted on the clamping base 21, and the clamping base 21 is mounted on the machine base 1.
Have in the holder 21 and hold the chamber, anchor clamps drive arrangement 23 hold in hold the chamber, the through-hole has been seted up at the top of holder 21, the through-hole with hold the chamber intercommunication.
The clamp 22 comprises a clamping rod 221 and a clamping block 222, the clamping block 222 is installed at the top of the clamping seat 21, the clamping block 222 is located on one side of the through hole along the length direction of the clamping seat 21, the clamping block 222 is provided with a supporting portion 2221, a clamping groove is arranged in the middle of the supporting portion 2221, and the clamping groove is located above the through hole.
The clamping bar 221 includes a clamping portion 2211, a rotating portion 2212 and a driving portion 2213 in sequence, the clamping bar 221 passes through the through hole, so that the rotating portion 2212 of the clamping bar 221 is accommodated in the slot, and the rotating portion 2212 of the clamping bar 221 is rotatably connected to the slot through a rotating shaft 24, and the rotating shaft 24 may be a bolt, or other connecting members such as a spin-riveting rod or a pin.
The driving portion 2213 of the clamping bar 221 is movably connected to the clamp driving device 23, when the clamp driving device 23 is operated, the clamp driving device 23 drives the clamping bar 221 to rotate around the rotating shaft 24 of the rotating portion 2212, the position of the rotating shaft 24 of the rotating portion 2212 is fixed, the driving direction of the clamp driving device 23 is also kept in the horizontal direction, so that the connecting position between the driving portion 2213 and the clamp driving device is displaced to a certain degree during the rotation of the clamping bar 221, therefore, in this embodiment, it is preferable that a long through hole is formed in the driving portion 2213 of the clamping bar 221, the length direction of the long through hole is consistent with the length direction of the clamping bar 221, the axial direction of the long through hole is consistent with the width direction of the clamping seat 21, and the clamp driving device 23 is movably connected to the long through connecting piece 25, when the clamp driving device 23 drives the clamping rod 221 to rotate within a certain range, the connecting member 25 may slide in the elongated through hole, and the connecting member 25 may be a bolt, or may be another connecting member such as a spin riveting rod or a pin shaft.
At least one clamping jaw 2222 is mounted on the clamping block 222, and when the clamp 22 is clamped, the clamping portion 2211 of the clamping rod 221 and the clamping jaw 2222 are matched to clamp the bar stock to be processed, in this embodiment, two clamping jaws 2222 are preferably mounted. A receiving groove is formed at the top of the clamping block 222, the length direction of the receiving groove is consistent with the width direction of the clamping seat 21, a plurality of mounting holes 2223 are formed in the receiving groove along the length direction, different mounting holes 2223 can be selected to mount the clamping jaw 2222 according to bars with different lengths, the clamping jaw 2222 can be mounted on the mounting holes 2223 through a fastener 26, and the fastener 26 can be a fastening screw. In addition, the bottom of the clamping jaw 2222 has a protrusion fitting with the receiving slot, when the clamping jaw 2222 is mounted on the clamping block 222, the protrusion is just embedded in the receiving slot, and when the clamp 22 is clamped, the clamping rod 221 will apply a force to the clamping jaw 2222 along the length direction of the clamp seat 21, so that the clamping jaw 2222 can be mounted more firmly by adopting the embedded structure.
The clamping jaw 2222 has a notch at the upper corner close to the through hole, the axial direction of the notch is consistent with the width direction of the clamping seat 21, and the shape of the notch corresponds to the shape of the bar to be machined, similarly, at least one clamping jaw extends from the clamping portion 2211 of the clamping rod 221 in the direction close to the bar to be machined, and the shape of the clamping jaw corresponds to the shape of the bar to be machined, so as to ensure that the clamping jaw is firmer when the clamp 22 clamps the bar, and the lever force application and profile clamping manner can increase the clamping force by two times or more.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the conveying unit 3 includes a slide rail 30, a transfer plate 31, a driving device, and a manipulator 32, the manipulator 32 is mounted on the transfer plate 31, a length direction of the slide rail 30 is identical to an x-axis direction of the machine base 1, the transfer plate 31 is slidably mounted on the slide rail 30, and the driving device drives the transfer plate 31 to move between a material taking position and a material placing position.
In this embodiment, it is preferable to use 6 profiling manipulators 32 arranged equidistantly, and of course, the number of the manipulators 32 is not limited to 6, and may be other plural manipulators. The distance between the adjacent manipulators 32 is consistent with the distance between the clamps 22 of the adjacent clamping devices 20, and in order to realize synchronous action of the plurality of manipulators 32, the conveying device is further provided with a connecting plate 33 in the embodiment, wherein the connecting plate 33 is arranged on the transfer plate 31 and is positioned below the transfer plate 31; the driving device comprises a translation driving device 34 and a lifting driving device 35, the translation driving device 34 drives the transfer plate 31 to move along the length direction of the slide rail 30, the lifting device drives the connecting plate 33 to approach or separate from the transfer plate 31 along the z-axis direction of the machine base 1, and the manipulator 32 is installed on the connecting plate 33.
In order to ensure the stability of the conveying unit 3, in this embodiment, two transfer plates 31 are preferably provided, each transfer plate 31 is provided with one connecting plate 33, and the lower surface of each connecting plate 33 is provided with 3 manipulators 32. The translation driving device 34 preferably adopts a bidirectional translation cylinder, two ends of a main shaft of the bidirectional translation cylinder are respectively connected with the two transfer plates 31, and when the bidirectional translation cylinder works, the main shaft of the bidirectional translation cylinder can drive the two transfer plates 31 to move simultaneously. Meanwhile, in this embodiment, an adjusting device 36 is further disposed at a connection position of the main shaft and the transfer plate 31, and the adjusting device 36 preferably adopts a floating adjusting joint, which can adjust the translation distance and position of the two transfer plates 31.
In this embodiment, the slide rails 30 are two parallel linear slide rails with equal length, two ends of the transfer plate 31 in the length direction are respectively slidably mounted on the two slide rails 30, the connecting plate 33 is located between the two linear slide rails, the length direction of the connecting plate 33 is the same as the length direction of the slide rails 30, and the plurality of manipulators 32 are equidistantly mounted below the connecting plate 33 in the length direction of the connecting plate 33.
In this embodiment, the lifting driving device 35 includes an air cylinder, the air cylinder is installed on the moving carrier plate 31, a main shaft of the air cylinder is connected to the connecting plate 33, and two air cylinders on two moving carrier plates 31 adopt a parallel control method to synchronously lift and descend.
In order to ensure that the connecting plate 33 can move up and down more stably and accurately, two guide posts 37 are further arranged on the upper surface of the connecting plate 33, two linear bearings 38 are further arranged on the moving and carrying plate 31, the two linear bearings 38 are respectively located on two sides of the cylinder in the width direction of the moving and carrying plate 31, a middle slide hole of each linear bearing 38 penetrates through the moving and carrying plate 31, and the two guide posts 37 respectively penetrate through the middle slide holes of the two linear bearings 38.
Since the clamping jaws 2222 are located above the clamping device 20, a certain distance needs to be left between the slide rail 30 and the machine base 1, and in this embodiment, a plurality of upright posts 39 are preferably used as supports to fix the slide rail 30 above the machine base 1. One end of the upright post 39 is fixedly connected with the slide rail 30, and the other end is fixed on the machine base 1 through an upright post fixing seat 391.
Through two-way translation cylinder, go up and down to drive actuating cylinder, the profile modeling snatchs this three cooperation motion of manipulator 32, it is down that it snatchs manipulator 32 open mode to reach a plurality of profile modeling, down to getting behind the material position, a plurality of profile modeling snatch manipulator 32 snatch a plurality of bars, it drives actuating cylinder simultaneous movement to snatch two back lifts, a plurality of bars that will snatch promote, promote the back that targets in place, two-way translation cylinder action, with a plurality of bars forward translation a position, the translation is to the blowing position, after targetting in place, a plurality of profile modeling snatch manipulator 32 open, two parallelly connected lifts and drives actuating cylinder and rise, it snatchs manipulator 32 and rises to drive a plurality of.
As shown in fig. 7 to 9, the feeding device 5 in this embodiment includes a storage bin 51 and a material distributor 52, wherein the material distributor 52 includes a fixing base 521, and a material distributor 522 and a material distributing groove 523 mounted on the fixing base 521; the length of the distributing groove 523 is greater than the width of the discharge port of the storage bin 51, the distributing groove 523 is provided with a feeding part 5231 and a discharging part 5232, and the discharge port of the storage bin 51 is communicated with the feeding part 5231; the distributor 522 is located on one side of the distributing groove 523 far away from the discharging part 5232, and the working direction of the distributor 522 is consistent with the length direction of the distributing groove 523.
When feeding, the bar stock 7 in the storage bin 51 is conveyed to the feeding part 5231 of the distributing groove 523 through the discharge port, and then the distributor 522 pushes the bar stock 7 to the feeding part 5231 of the distributing groove 523.
The storage bin 51 comprises a carrier plate 511, a first baffle 512 and a second baffle 513, wherein the first baffle 512 and the second baffle 513 are vertically arranged on the upper surface of the carrier plate 511, the first baffle 512 and the second baffle 513 are parallel and have the same length, the length direction of the first baffle 512 is consistent with the length direction of the carrier plate 511, and the distance between the first baffle 512 and the second baffle 513 is adjustable. In this embodiment, preferably, the first baffle 512 is fixed on the upper surface of the carrier plate 511, a plurality of adjusting grooves 514 are formed at the connection position of the second baffle 513 on the carrier plate 511, the adjusting grooves 514 are long through holes, the length direction of the adjusting grooves is consistent with the width direction of the carrier plate 511, the second baffle 513 is movably mounted on the upper surface of the carrier plate 511 by passing fixing screws through the adjusting grooves 514, and when in use, the second baffle 513 can be manually moved closer to or farther from the first baffle 512 along the width direction of the carrier plate 511 by loosening the fixing screws of the adjusting grooves 514 according to the length of different bars 7.
One end of the carrier plate 511 is placed on the upper surface of the distributing groove 523, the other end of the carrier plate 511 is higher than the distributing groove 523, and the height of the other end of the carrier plate 511 is adjustable. In the present embodiment, the storage bin 51 preferably adjusts the inclination angle of the storage bin 51 by adjusting the relative position between the adjusting bracket 53 and the adjusting plate 54.
The regulating plate 54 is fixed on the lower surface of the support plate 511, the regulating frame 53 and the connecting surface connected with the regulating plate 54 are vertically provided with a U-shaped groove 531, the regulating plate 54 and the connecting surface connected with the regulating frame 53 are provided with a strip through hole, the length direction of the strip through hole is consistent with the length direction of the support plate 511, the strip through hole is adjustably connected with the U-shaped groove 531 through a fastener, and the fastener can also use a bolt or other fasteners. When the inclination angle of the storage bin 51 is adjusted, the fastener can slide in the U-shaped groove 531 and the long through hole only by loosening the fastener, and when the fastener is moved to the corresponding position, the fastener is screwed down.
In this embodiment, the first baffle 512 and the second baffle 513 are further provided with a limiting plate 515 respectively, the limiting plate 515 is parallel to the carrier plate 511, the length direction of the limiting plate 515 is consistent with the length direction of the carrier plate 511, and a stopper 55 is further disposed at the discharge port of the feeding bin.
The limiting plate 515, the first baffle 512, the second baffle 513 and the support plate 511 enclose a feeding cavity, the bar 7 to be processed is accommodated in the feeding cavity, and a discharge hole of the feeding cavity is communicated with the feeding part 5231 of the distributing groove 523. In operation, the bars 7 in the feeding cavity can freely fall due to the gravity and reach the feeding part 5231 of the distributing groove 523 through the discharge hole, the feeding part 5231 can only accommodate one bar 7 to be processed, the following bars 7 are sequentially arranged in the feeding cavity, then the action of the distributor 522 ensures that only one bar 7 is pushed to the feeding hole 5233 of the feeding part 5231 at a time, and then the bar 7 is removed through the manipulator 32. A detection device 56 is further disposed at an end of the distributing groove 523 away from the distributor 522, and the detection device 56 is configured to detect whether there is a bar 7 in the discharging portion 5232 of the distributing groove 523.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 2, the processing unit 4 includes a plurality of power heads, which are a drilling power head 41, a chamfering power head 42, a drilling power head 41, and a tapping power head 43 sequentially from left to right, each of the power heads corresponds to one of the clamping devices 20, in addition, the clamping devices 20 may be installed on both sides of the machine base 1 in the y-axis direction, for example, the leftmost clamping device 20 shown in fig. 2 may be installed on both sides of the machine base 1 in the y-axis direction, and thus, the simultaneous processing operation of both ends of the bar stock may be achieved.
In order to prevent the cable or the air pipe from being entangled, abraded, pulled off, hung and scattered, the device is further provided with an electric drag chain 6, and the cable, the air pipe and the like are put into the electric drag chain 6 to protect the cable and the air pipe.
The specific implementation steps are as follows:
an operator puts round bars or hexagonal bars into a feeding cavity of a feeding device 5, the bars 7 to be processed slide into a feeding part 5231 of a distributing groove 523 by self weight, the distributor 522 pushes the bars 7 into a discharging port of a discharging part 5232 of the distributing groove 523 after acting, after a device 56 to be detected senses that the bars 7 are in place, a lifting driving device 35 starts a driving connecting plate 33 to move downwards so as to drive a manipulator 32 to move downwards to the feeding port 5233, then the first manipulator 32 grasps the bars 7, the lifting driving device 35 drives the connecting plate 33 to drive the manipulator 32 to move upwards, the bars 7 are taken out from the feeding device 5, then a translation driving device 34 drives a transfer plate 31 to drive the manipulator 32 to translate to a feeding position, then the lifting driving device 35 drives the connecting plate 33 and drives the manipulator 32 to move downwards, the first manipulator 32 puts the bars into a clamp 22 of a first clamping device 20, the first clamping device 20 clamps the bar stock, the mechanical arm 32 loosens the bar stock, the lifting driving device 35 drives the connecting plate 33 to drive the mechanical arm 32 to move upwards, then the translation driving device 34 drives the transfer plate 31 to drive the mechanical arm 32 to translate to the material taking position for waiting, the drilling power head starts drilling, after the drilling work is finished, the lifting driving device 35 drives the connecting plate 33 and drives the mechanical arm 32 to move downwards, the first mechanical arm 32 continues to grab the bar stock at the position of the feeding port 5233, the second mechanical arm 32 grabs the bar stock in the clamp 22 of the first clamping device 20, the lifting driving device 35 drives the connecting plate 33 to drive the mechanical arm 32 to move upwards, the bar stock is taken out from the feeding device 5 and the first clamping device 20, then the translation driving device 34 drives the transfer plate 31 to drive the mechanical arm 32 to translate to the feeding position, then the lifting driving, a first manipulator 32 places the bar stock into the clamp 22 of the first clamping device 20, a second manipulator 32 places the bar stock into the clamp 22 of the second clamping device 20, the first and second clamping devices 20 clamp the bar stock, the manipulator 32 releases the bar stock, a lifting driving device 35 drives a connecting plate 33 to drive the manipulator 32 to move upwards, then a translation driving device 34 drives a transfer plate 31 to drive the manipulator 32 to translate to a material taking position for waiting, drilling and chamfering power starts to act, after the drilling and chamfering work is finished, the lifting driving device 35 drives the connecting plate 33 to drive the manipulator 32 to move downwards, the first manipulator 32 continues to grab the bar stock at a feeding port 5233, the second and third manipulators 32 respectively grab the bar stock in the clamps 22 of the first and second clamping devices 20, the lifting driving device 35 drives the connecting plate 33 to drive the manipulator 32 to move upwards, and the bar stock is fed from the feeding device 5 and the first clamping device, Taking out the two clamping devices 20, driving the transfer plate 31 to drive the manipulator 32 to translate to a feeding position by the translation driving device 34, driving the connecting plate 33 by the lifting driving device 35 and driving the manipulator 32 to move downwards, putting the bar into the clamp 22 of the first clamping device 20 by the first manipulator 32, putting the bar into the clamp 22 of the second and the third clamping devices 20 by the second and the third manipulators 32, clamping the bar by the first, the second and the third clamping devices 20, driving the connecting plate 33 by the lifting driving device 35 to drive the manipulator 32 to move upwards, driving the transfer plate 31 to drive the manipulator 32 to translate to a taking position by the translation driving device 34 to wait, starting three power actions of drilling and chamfering tapping, after the operations of drilling, chamfering and tapping are finished, driving the connecting plate 33 by the lifting driving device 35 and driving the manipulator 32 to move downwards, and continuously grabbing the bar at the feeding port 5233 by the first manipulator 32, the second, third and fourth manipulators 32 grasp the bars in the clamps 22 of the first, second and third clamping devices 20, the lifting driving device 35 drives the connecting plate 33 to drive the manipulators 32 to move upwards, the bars are taken out from the feeding device 5 and the first, second and third clamping devices 20, then the translation driving device 34 drives the transfer plate 31 to drive the manipulators 32 to translate to a feeding position, then the lifting driving device 35 drives the connecting plate 33 to drive the manipulators 32 to move downwards, the first manipulator 32 places the bars into the clamps 22 of the first clamping device 20, the second, third and fourth manipulators 32 place the bars into the clamps 22 of the second, third and fourth clamping devices 20, the first, second and third clamping devices 20 clamp the bars, the lifting driving device 35 drives the connecting plate 33 to drive the manipulators 32 to move upwards, then the translation driving device 34 drives the transfer plate 31 to drive the manipulators 32 to translate to a taking position to wait, and the drilling, chamfering and tapping are started by three power, the drilling, chamfering and tapping work is completed, the operation is continued to be repeated, and after the bar of the last clamping device 20 is processed, the processed finished bar is placed in the storage box by the last manipulator 32.
The bar processing equipment provided by the invention has the following beneficial effects:
(1) according to the bar processing equipment, continuous operation of multiple processes such as punching, chamfering and tapping can be performed on bars, so that one machine is multipurpose, the equipment cost is greatly saved, the link of replacing different equipment in different processes is avoided, and the production efficiency is remarkably improved;
(2) according to the bar processing equipment, the storage bin is designed in an inclined mode, the automatic feeding of the bars can be achieved by means of the gravity of the bars, the waste of resources can be reduced when the storage bin is used, and the storage bin is simple to process and manufacture, low in cost, wide in application range and convenient to adjust;
(3) the bar processing equipment adopts the plurality of clamping devices connected in parallel, can realize simultaneous action of a plurality of clamps and also can realize one or more independent actions, the clamping devices adopt a middle clamping mode, can be suitable for bars of which both ends need to be processed, can realize simultaneous processing of both ends of the bars when processing the bars, and the clamping devices are firm in clamping, wide in application range and simple in processing and manufacturing.
In the description herein, references to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an example," "a specific example" or "some examples" or the like are intended to mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art.
While embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described above, it is to be understood that the above embodiments are exemplary and not to be construed as limiting the present invention, and that changes, modifications and variations may be made therein by those of ordinary skill in the art within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A bar processing apparatus, comprising:
a machine base;
the clamping unit comprises n clamping devices which are equidistantly arranged along the positive direction of the x axis of the machine base, and each clamping device comprises a clamp for clamping a bar;
the conveying unit comprises a driving device and n +1 mechanical hands which are arranged at equal intervals, the distance between every two adjacent mechanical hands is consistent with the distance between every two clamps of the adjacent clamping devices, and the driving device drives the mechanical hands to move between a material taking position and a material placing position;
the processing unit is positioned on one side or two sides of the clamping unit along the y-axis direction of the machine base; and
a feeding device;
when a bar is processed, the mechanical arm is driven to move to the material taking position, the first mechanical arm grabs the bar in the material feeding device, the m +1 th mechanical arm grabs the bar on the mth clamping device, the mechanical arm is driven to move to the material placing position, the mth mechanical arm moves the bar to the clamp position of the mth clamping device, after the clamp clamps the bar, the mechanical arm puts down the bar and moves back to the material taking position, the processing unit processes the bar, after the processing is completed, the mechanical arm repeats the action of grabbing the bar, after the mechanical arm grabs the bar, the clamp of the clamping device loosens the bar, the mechanical arm is driven to move to the material placing position, and then the equipment repeats the previous actions (wherein n, m, m is more than or equal to 1).
2. A bar stock processing apparatus as defined in claim 1, wherein said clamping means further includes a holder on which said clamp is mounted and a clamp drive means on which said holder is mounted on said machine base.
3. The bar processing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the conveying unit further comprises a transfer plate and a slide rail, the length direction of the slide rail is consistent with the x-axis direction of the machine base, the driving device drives the transfer plate to slide on the slide rail, the manipulator is mounted on the transfer plate, and the manipulator is located above the clamp.
4. A bar processing apparatus as defined in claim 3, wherein the conveying unit further comprises a connecting plate, the driving device comprises a translational driving device and a lifting driving device, the translational driving device drives the transfer plate to slide on the slide rail, the connecting plate is mounted on the transfer plate, the lifting driving device drives the connecting plate to move on the transfer plate along the z-axis direction of the machine base, and the manipulator is mounted on the connecting plate.
5. A bar processing apparatus as claimed in claim 4, wherein there are two transfer plates and the translation drive means drives both transfer plates simultaneously.
6. The bar processing apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the translation driving means is a bidirectional translation cylinder, and both ends of a main shaft of the translation driving means are respectively connected to the two transfer plates.
7. A bar stock processing apparatus as defined in claim 4, wherein said slide rails are two parallel linear slide rails and said connecting plate is located intermediate said two linear slide rails.
8. The bar processing equipment according to claim 1, wherein the feeding device comprises a storage bin and a distributing device, the distributing device comprises a fixed seat, and a distributor and a distributing groove which are arranged on the fixed seat, the fixed seat is arranged on the machine seat, a discharge port of the storage bin is communicated with the distributing groove,
when feeding, the bar stock in the storage bin is conveyed to the material distributing groove through the discharge hole, and then the material distributor pushes the bar stock to the discharge hole.
9. The bar processing apparatus of claim 8, wherein the storage bin is at an angle to the plane of the frame, the feed inlet of the storage bin is at a higher position than the discharge outlet, and the angle between the storage bin and the plane of the frame is adjustable.
10. The bar stock processing apparatus of claim 1, wherein the processing unit includes a plurality of power heads including a boring power head, a chamfering power head, and a tapping power head, each power head corresponds to one of the clamping devices, and a processing direction of the power head faces the bar stock clamped by the clamping device corresponding thereto.
CN201911348105.5A 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 Bar processing equipment Pending CN111055127A (en)

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CN113305584A (en) * 2021-05-31 2021-08-27 台州市荣豪机电有限公司 Full-automatic bar processing machine
CN113414565A (en) * 2021-07-21 2021-09-21 广东速美达自动化股份有限公司 Automatic locking machine
CN115284040A (en) * 2022-08-29 2022-11-04 台州市荣豪机电有限公司 Full-automatic equipment for bar processing
CN115609297A (en) * 2022-10-25 2023-01-17 湖南飞沃新能源科技股份有限公司 Bolt blank processing and detecting integrated device

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CN207447596U (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-06-05 上海恒荷机电科技有限公司 A kind of materials in the tube or bar feeding device
CN109866951A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-11 深圳市永创自动化设备有限公司 A kind of high speed bottom sealed plastic packaging machine

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JPH0542402A (en) * 1991-08-15 1993-02-23 Kiwa Giken Kk Lathe for bar machining
WO2014045442A1 (en) * 2012-09-24 2014-03-27 育良精機株式会社 Bar stock feeder
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113305584A (en) * 2021-05-31 2021-08-27 台州市荣豪机电有限公司 Full-automatic bar processing machine
CN113414565A (en) * 2021-07-21 2021-09-21 广东速美达自动化股份有限公司 Automatic locking machine
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CN115609297A (en) * 2022-10-25 2023-01-17 湖南飞沃新能源科技股份有限公司 Bolt blank processing and detecting integrated device
CN115609297B (en) * 2022-10-25 2023-10-03 湖南飞沃新能源科技股份有限公司 Bolt blank processing and detecting integrated device

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