CN110948069A - Three-dimensional punching machine for special-shaped iron pipe and punching method thereof - Google Patents

Three-dimensional punching machine for special-shaped iron pipe and punching method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110948069A
CN110948069A CN201911310318.9A CN201911310318A CN110948069A CN 110948069 A CN110948069 A CN 110948069A CN 201911310318 A CN201911310318 A CN 201911310318A CN 110948069 A CN110948069 A CN 110948069A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
screw rod
controller
along
electric spark
rotating disc
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911310318.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯波
何龙君
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Boshite Mechanical Co ltd
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Boshite Mechanical Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Boshite Mechanical Co ltd filed Critical Zhejiang Boshite Mechanical Co ltd
Priority to CN201911310318.9A priority Critical patent/CN110948069A/en
Publication of CN110948069A publication Critical patent/CN110948069A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23HWORKING OF METAL BY THE ACTION OF A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT ON A WORKPIECE USING AN ELECTRODE WHICH TAKES THE PLACE OF A TOOL; SUCH WORKING COMBINED WITH OTHER FORMS OF WORKING OF METAL
    • B23H9/00Machining specially adapted for treating particular metal objects or for obtaining special effects or results on metal objects
    • B23H9/14Making holes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23HWORKING OF METAL BY THE ACTION OF A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT ON A WORKPIECE USING AN ELECTRODE WHICH TAKES THE PLACE OF A TOOL; SUCH WORKING COMBINED WITH OTHER FORMS OF WORKING OF METAL
    • B23H1/00Electrical discharge machining, i.e. removing metal with a series of rapidly recurring electrical discharges between an electrode and a workpiece in the presence of a fluid dielectric
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23HWORKING OF METAL BY THE ACTION OF A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT ON A WORKPIECE USING AN ELECTRODE WHICH TAKES THE PLACE OF A TOOL; SUCH WORKING COMBINED WITH OTHER FORMS OF WORKING OF METAL
    • B23H11/00Auxiliary apparatus or details, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23HWORKING OF METAL BY THE ACTION OF A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT ON A WORKPIECE USING AN ELECTRODE WHICH TAKES THE PLACE OF A TOOL; SUCH WORKING COMBINED WITH OTHER FORMS OF WORKING OF METAL
    • B23H11/00Auxiliary apparatus or details, not otherwise provided for
    • B23H11/003Mounting of workpieces, e.g. working-tables

Abstract

The invention relates to a three-dimensional perforating machine for an irregular iron pipe and a perforating method thereof, which relate to the technical field of drilling equipment, wherein the vertical direction is a Z direction, the horizontal direction is an X direction and a Y direction respectively, and the X direction is vertical to the Y direction; when the electric spark drilling machine is used, the lubricating pipeline is clamped by the clamping piece, the screw rod transmission assembly drives the electric spark drilling machine and the clamping piece to move relatively, and the electric spark drilling machine performs drilling after moving to a drilling position. The invention has the effect of higher universality.

Description

Three-dimensional punching machine for special-shaped iron pipe and punching method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of drilling equipment, in particular to a three-dimensional punching machine for a special-shaped iron pipe and a punching method thereof.
Background
The automobile is provided with the speed change gear box, the speed change gear box is internally provided with the lubricating pipeline 9, the lubricating pipeline 9 is various in shape, referring to fig. 4, most of the lubricating pipeline 9 comprises a main pipe 91 and a branch pipe 92 communicated with the peripheral wall of the main pipe 91, a plurality of small holes need to be formed in the peripheral wall of the main pipe 91 or the peripheral wall of the branch pipe 92 in the machining process, and the lubricating pipeline 9 is special-shaped, so that certain difficulty exists in the drilling process.
In the prior art, when the lubrication pipeline 9 is processed, a tooling shown in fig. 4 is generally used, which includes a processing seat 93, a clamping groove 94 provided on the processing seat 93 and matching with the lubrication pipeline 9, and a protective cover 95 hinged to the clamping groove 94; during operation, the lubrication pipeline 9 is placed in the clamping groove 94, then the clamping groove 94 is closed by the protective cover 95, and finally the lubrication pipeline 9 is drilled by an operator by a drilling machine.
The above prior art solutions have the following drawbacks: when drilling is performed at different positions of the lubricating pipeline 9, the machining seat 93 needs to be provided with clamping grooves 94 at different angles to place the lubricating pipeline 9 at different angles, so that one clamping groove 94 can only be suitable for installation at the same angle in the lubricating pipeline 9 of the same specification, and the universality is low.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a three-dimensional punching machine for a special-shaped iron pipe, which has the effect of high universality.
The above object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
a three-dimensional perforating machine for a special-shaped iron pipe is provided with a box body with an opening on the top wall, a rotating disc with an axis parallel to the X direction and rotationally connected to the inner wall of the box body, a first motor for driving the rotating disc to rotate, a clamping piece arranged on the rotating disc, an electric spark perforating machine arranged above the clamping piece, and three groups of lead screw transmission assemblies for driving the electric spark perforating machine and the clamping piece to generate relative motion along the X direction, the Y direction and the Z direction respectively, wherein the vertical direction is the Z direction, and the X direction and the Y direction are vertical to each other, the box body is provided with an induction component for inducing the rotation position of the lubricating pipeline and a controller connected with the induction component, the controller is respectively and electrically communicated with each group of the screw rod transmission assembly, the electric spark puncher and the first motor.
By adopting the technical scheme, when drilling, the main pipe of the lubricating pipeline is clamped by the clamping piece, and then the induction assembly and the controller interact to drive the screw rod transmission assembly to operate, so that relative motion is generated between the electric spark drilling machine and the clamping piece, when the electric spark drilling machine moves to a drilling position, the lubricating pipeline is drilled, and scraps generated in the drilling process fall into the box body; after the first hole is machined, the rotating disc drives the lubricating pipeline to rotate or the electric spark drilling machine and the clamping piece to move relatively, so that the electric spark drilling machine moves relatively to a second drilling position, then the electric spark drilling machine drills holes, and then other holes are machined in the mode. The lubricating pipeline is driven to rotate by the rotating disc, and the three groups of lead screw transmission assemblies are arranged to drive the electric spark drilling machine and the clamping piece to move relatively, so that holes can be drilled at a plurality of positions on the lubricating pipeline, the universality is high, and the operation efficiency is high.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the response subassembly including connect in the laser aligner of box inner wall, be used for receiving the receiver of the line that the laser aligner launches, the laser aligner with the receiver all with controller electric communication, the ray direction of laser aligner is on a parallel with the X direction, the holder is located the laser aligner with between the receiver.
By adopting the technical scheme, the receiver can receive the ray that the laser aligner sent, when the first motor drives the lubrication pipeline and rotates the branch in the lubrication pipeline and block the ray that the laser aligner sent, the receiver gives the controller with signal transmission, the first motor stall of controller control, use the position of lubrication pipeline this moment as the processing initial point behind the first motor stall, later produce relative motion between three group's lead screw drive assembly drive electric spark puncher and the holder by controller control again, move and punch by the electric spark puncher again after the required position. The control mode has a simple structure, can quickly and conveniently determine the processing original point, and is convenient to operate.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the clamping piece is a spring chuck, the axis of the spring chuck coincides with the axis of the rotating disc, and the spring chuck is detachably connected with the rotating disc.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when will lubricate the pipeline centre gripping with the holder, promptly with collet chuck with lubricated pipeline centre gripping, its easy and simple to handle, the operating personnel of being convenient for presss from both sides lubricated pipeline tightly, establishes collet chuck and rolling disc to be connected for dismantling, can be convenient for operating personnel to its change after collet chuck is impaired.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the end wall of the rotating disc is coaxially provided with a mounting hole, the spring chuck is coaxially inserted into the mounting hole, and the rotating disc is provided with a fastener for fixing the spring chuck.
By adopting the technical scheme, when the spring chuck is arranged on the rotating disc, the spring chuck is arranged in the mounting hole, and then the spring chuck and the rotating disc are fixed by the fastening piece. The fixing mode has simple structure, convenient replacement and lower manufacturing cost.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the mounting hole is coaxially sleeved with a plurality of layers of limiting rings, and the spring chuck is mounted on the inner wall of the limiting ring positioned on the innermost layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, set up the collet chuck that the spacing ring is applicable in multiple different models, can use the spacing ring of different quantity according to the collet chuck's that uses model, it has higher commonality.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: each equal rigid coupling of spacing ring outer wall has the stopper, each the spacing ring inner wall with the spacing groove that the confession was all seted up to the mounting hole inner wall the stopper embedding.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when installing the spacing ring in the mounting hole, aim at the spacing groove with the stopper, install the spacing ring again, through setting up stopper and spacing groove, can prevent to take place relative rotation between the spacing ring, can be fixed more firmly with collet chuck.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: still include base, rigid coupling of long border X direction in bracing piece, long border Y direction and rigid coupling on the base in horizontal branch, long border Z direction on the bracing piece and along being on a parallel with Y direction with horizontal branch sliding connection's vertical branch, the electric spark puncher along the Z direction with vertical branch sliding connection, the box along the X direction with base sliding connection, three groups lead screw drive assembly is used for driving respectively box, vertical branch and electric spark puncher move.
By adopting the technical scheme, when the electric spark puncher and the clamping piece move relatively in the Z direction, the screw rod transmission assembly drives the electric spark puncher to move along the Z direction; when the electric spark puncher and the clamping piece move relatively in the Y direction, the screw rod transmission assembly drives the vertical supporting rod to move along the Y direction; when the electric spark puncher and the clamping piece move relatively in the X direction, the box body is driven to move along the X direction by the screw rod transmission assembly; the driving mode has simple structure and lower manufacturing cost.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the screw rod transmission assembly comprises a mounting seat, a screw rod rotationally connected to the mounting seat, a screw rod nut in threaded connection with the screw rod, and a second motor for driving the screw rod to rotate, the mounting seat in the screw rod transmission assembly for driving the box body is fixedly connected to the base, and the axis of the screw rod is fixedly connected with the box body along the X direction; a mounting seat in the screw rod transmission assembly for driving the vertical supporting rod to move is fixedly connected to the transverse supporting rod, the axis of the screw rod is fixedly connected with the vertical supporting rod along the Y direction, and a screw rod nut is fixedly connected with the vertical supporting rod; and a mounting seat in the screw rod transmission assembly for driving the spark erosion drilling machine to move is fixedly connected to the vertical supporting rod, and the axis of the screw rod is fixedly connected with the spark erosion drilling machine along the Z direction through a screw rod nut.
By adopting the technical scheme, when the screw rod transmission assembly drives the workpiece connected with the screw rod transmission assembly to move, namely the screw rod is driven by the second motor to rotate, the screw rod nut is driven to rotate relative to the screw rod nut when the screw rod rotates, and the workpiece fixedly connected with the screw rod nut can be driven to move along the direction parallel to the axis of the screw rod in the rotating process of the screw rod nut. The driving mode can stop the workpiece at any position, and the flexibility is high.
The invention also aims to provide the special-shaped iron pipe punching method which has the effect of higher universality.
The second aim of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
s1: clamping a main pipe in the lubricating pipeline by using a clamping piece, and enabling the axis of the main pipe to be along the X direction;
s2: the first motor drives the rotating disc to rotate, and the rotating disc drives the lubricating pipeline to synchronously rotate when rotating;
s3: the laser aligner sends rays towards the receiver, and the receiver converts the optical signal into an electric signal and transmits the electric signal to the controller;
s4: the receiver receives a signal sent by the laser aligner and then transmits the signal to the controller, and the controller controls the first motor to continue rotating; the receiver sends a signal to the controller after not receiving the signal sent by the laser aligner, and the controller controls the first motor to stop rotating and takes the rotating angle of the lubricating pipeline as a processing origin;
s5: the controller controls the three groups of screw rod transmission assemblies to respectively drive the clamping piece and the electric spark drilling machine to generate relative motion along the X direction, the Y direction and the Z direction, and the electric spark drilling machine is controlled by the controller to drill holes.
By adopting the technical scheme, during operation, the main pipe in the lubricating pipeline is clamped by the spring chuck, the axis of the main pipe is enabled to be along the X direction, after the lubricating pipeline is clamped, the rotating disc is driven by the first motor to rotate, and the spring chuck and the lubricating pipeline can be driven to synchronously rotate by the rotating disc in the rotating process; in the process of rotation of the lubricating pipeline, the laser aligner sends rays to the receiver, if the laser aligner can receive the rays sent by the laser transmitter, the controller controls the first motor to continue to rotate, if the receiver cannot receive the rays sent by the laser transmitter, the controller controls the first motor to stop rotating, the first motor serves as a processing origin, and drilling processing can be carried out after the processing origin is determined; when drilling is carried out, the first motor firstly drives the lubricating pipeline to rotate to an angle to be machined, then three groups of lead screw rotating assemblies respectively control the electric spark puncher and the clamping piece to generate relative motion along the X direction, the Y direction and the Z direction, and when the electric spark puncher and the clamping piece move relatively to a drilling position, the electric spark puncher punches the lubricating pipeline; and repeating the operation after the first hole is machined until all holes are machined.
In summary, the invention includes the following beneficial technical effects:
1. the three groups of lead screw transmission assemblies are arranged to drive the electric spark drilling machine and the clamping piece to move relatively, holes with different angles on the lubricating pipeline can be machined, and the electric spark drilling machine has high universality;
2. the laser aligner and the receiver are arranged to confirm the processing origin, so that a plurality of holes can be processed on the lubricating pipeline after the processing origin is confirmed;
3. through establishing spring collet as removable and set up a plurality of spacing rings, applicable in the spring collet of different models, can press from both sides tight with the lubrication pipe of different diameters promptly, it has higher commonality.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the induction assembly, the rotary disk and the first motor in the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the rotating disk, the stop collar and the retainer of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the lubrication line in the present invention.
In the figure, 1, a box body; 2. rotating the disc; 21. mounting holes; 22. a limiting ring; 23. a limiting block; 24. a limiting groove; 25. a fastener; 26. a through hole; 31. a first motor; 32. a clamping member; 33. an electric spark drilling machine; 4. the screw rod transmission assembly; 41. a mounting seat; 42. a lead screw nut; 43. a screw; 44. a transfer block; 45. a second motor; 46. a rotating seat; 51. a base; 52. a support bar; 53. a transverse strut; 54. a vertical strut; 6. a guide assembly; 61. a guide rail; 62. a guide block; 7. an inductive component; 71. a laser aligner; 72. a receiver; 8. a controller; 9. lubricating the pipeline; 91. a main pipe; 92. a branch pipe; 93. processing a base; 94. a clamping groove; 95. a protective cover.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1, the three-dimensional hole puncher disclosed by the invention comprises a box body 1 which is in a rectangular block shape and is provided with an opening on the top wall, a rotating disc 2 of which the axis is parallel to the X direction and is rotatably connected to the inner wall of the box body 1, a first motor 31 for driving the rotating disc 2 to rotate, a clamping piece 32 arranged on the rotating disc 2, an electric spark hole puncher 33 arranged above the clamping piece 32, and three groups of lead screw transmission assemblies 4 for driving the electric spark hole puncher 33 and the clamping piece 32 to generate relative motion along the X direction, the Y direction and the Z direction.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the clamping member 32 is a collet chuck, the axis of the collet chuck coincides with the axis of the rotating disc 2, and the collet chuck is detachably connected with the rotating disc 2; the end wall of the rotating disc 2 is coaxially provided with a mounting hole 21, a plurality of layers of limiting rings 22 are coaxially sleeved in the mounting hole 21, and the spring chuck is coaxially inserted in the inner wall of the limiting ring 22 positioned at the innermost layer; a limiting block 23 is integrally welded on the outer wall of each limiting ring 22, and a limiting groove 24 for embedding the limiting block 23 is formed in the inner wall of each limiting ring 22 and the inner wall of the mounting hole 21; be provided with on the rolling disc 2 and be used for the fixed fastener 25 of collet chuck, each spacing ring 22 perisporium has all run through and has seted up through-hole 26, fastener 25 be with rolling disc 2 threaded connection and pass the jackscrew that the rolling disc 2 perisporium can with collet chuck perisporium butt, the jackscrew passes and passes through-hole 26 in proper order and leave the clearance that moves between through-hole 26 inner wall and the jackscrew outer wall.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the three-dimensional hole puncher for the special-shaped iron pipe further comprises a base 51 with a long edge along the X direction, a support rod 52 welded on the top wall of the base 51, a transverse support rod 53 with a long edge along the Y direction and welded on the side wall of the support rod 52, a vertical support rod 54 with a long edge along the Z direction and connected with the transverse support rod 53 in a sliding manner along the Y direction, the electric spark puncher 33 is connected with the vertical support rod 54 in a sliding manner along the Z direction, and the box body 1 is connected with the base 51 in a sliding manner; the base 51, the transverse strut 53 and the vertical strut 54 are all provided with a guide assembly 6, the guide assembly 6 comprises a guide rail 61 and a guide block 62 connected in a sliding manner along a long edge parallel to the guide rail 61, in this embodiment, the guide rail 61 is a linear slide rail, and the guide block 62 is a linear slide block; the long edge of the guide rail 61 on the base 51 is fixedly connected with the box body 1 along the X direction through screws and the guide block 62; the long edge of the guide rail 61 on the transverse strut 53 is fixedly connected with the vertical strut 54 along the Y direction through screws and the guide block 62; the long side of the guide rail 61 on the vertical support rod 54 is fixed with the spark plug 33 through screws along the Z direction and the guide block 62.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the lead screw transmission assembly 4 includes an installation base 41, a screw 43 rotatably connected to the installation base 41, a lead screw nut 42 in threaded connection with the screw 43, a switching block 44 with one end welded to the lead screw nut 42, and a second motor 45 for driving the screw 43 to rotate, wherein rotating bases 46 are welded to the side wall of the installation base 41 at the two ends of the screw 43, the two ends of the screw 43 are rotatably connected to the side wall of the installation base 41, the second motor 45 is a servo motor, the second motor 45 is fixedly connected to any one of the rotating bases 46 through a screw, and an output shaft of the second motor 45 passes through the rotating base 46 and then is coaxially fixedly connected to the screw 43 through a coupling; the mounting seat 41 in the screw rod transmission assembly 4 for driving the box body 1 is welded on the top wall of the base 51, the axis of the screw rod 43 is welded with the box body 1 along the X direction, and the other end of the transfer block 44 is welded with the box body 1; the mounting seat 41 in the screw rod transmission assembly 4 for driving the vertical support rod 54 to move is welded on the top wall of the transverse support rod 53, the axis of the screw rod 43 is welded with the vertical support rod 54 along the Y direction, and the other end of the switching block 44 is welded with the vertical support rod 54; the mounting seat 41 of the screw rod transmission assembly 4 for driving the spark erosion drilling machine 33 to move is welded on the side wall of the vertical support rod 54, the axis of the screw rod 43 is along the Z direction, and the other end of the switching block 44 is fixedly connected with the spark erosion drilling machine 33 through screws.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the box body 1 is provided with an induction assembly 7 for inducing the rotation position of the lubrication pipeline 9 and a controller 8 connected with the induction assembly 7, and the controller 8 is electrically communicated with each of the second motor 45, the spark erosion drilling machine 33 and the first motor 31; the sensing assembly 7 comprises a laser aligner 71 fixedly connected to the inner wall of the box body 1 through screws and a receiver 72 for receiving a ray emitted by the laser aligner 71, the receiver 72 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the box body 1 through screws, the laser aligner 71 and the receiver 72 are both electrically communicated with the controller 8, the ray direction of the laser aligner 71 is parallel to the X direction, and the clamping member 32 is arranged between the laser aligner 71 and the receiver 72.
A special-shaped iron pipe punching method comprises the following steps: s1: clamping the main pipe 91 in the lubrication line 9 with the clamp 32, and making the axis of the main pipe 91 along the X direction; during operation, the main pipe 91 in the lubricating pipeline 9 is firstly clamped by the clamping piece 32, when the main pipe 91 is clamped, the spring chuck with the type corresponding to the main pipe 91 is selected, then the limiting rings 22 with proper number are selected, the limiting rings 22 are sequentially sleeved in the mounting hole 21, then the spring chuck is coaxially sleeved in the limiting ring 22 positioned at the innermost ring, and then the jackscrew penetrates through the mounting seat 41 and the through hole 26 and then abuts against the spring chuck, so that the spring chuck can be fixed, and then the main pipe 91 is clamped by the spring chuck after the spring chuck is fixed.
S2: the first motor 31 drives the rotating disc 2 to rotate, and the rotating disc 2 drives the lubricating pipeline 9 to synchronously rotate when rotating; after the lubrication pipeline 9 is clamped, the first motor 31 drives the lubrication pipeline 9 to synchronously rotate by driving the rotating disc 2 to rotate.
S3: the laser aligner 71 sends radiation towards the receiver 72, and the receiver 72 converts the optical signal into an electrical signal to be transmitted to the controller 8; the first motor 31 drives the lubrication pipeline 9 to rotate, and a processing origin is determined in the rotating process.
S4: the receiver 72 receives the signal sent by the laser aligner 71 and then transmits the signal to the controller 8, and the controller 8 controls the first motor 31 to continue rotating; the receiver 72 sends a signal to the controller 8 after not receiving the signal sent by the laser aligner 71, and the controller 8 controls the first motor 31 to stop rotating, and takes the rotating angle of the lubricating pipeline 9 at this time as the processing origin; in the process that the first motor 31 drives the lubricating pipeline 9 to rotate, the laser aligner 71 emits rays towards the receiver 72, and if the rays emitted by the laser aligner 71 are not blocked by the lubricating pipeline 9, the receiver 72 can receive the rays emitted by the laser aligner 71; if the radiation emitted from the laser aligner 71 is blocked by the lubrication pipeline 9, the receiver 72 cannot receive the radiation emitted from the laser aligner 71, and the first motor 31 stops rotating and takes the position of the lubrication pipeline 9 at this time as the processing origin.
S5: the controller 8 controls the three groups of screw rod transmission assemblies 4 to respectively drive the clamping piece 32 and the electric spark drilling machine 33 to generate relative motion along the X direction, the Y direction and the Z direction, and the electric spark drilling machine 33 is controlled by the controller 8 to drill; after the machining original point is determined, the controller 8 controls the first motor 31 to rotate to a first punching position, then the three groups of screw rod transmission assemblies 4 respectively drive the electric spark drilling machine 33 and the clamping piece 32 to generate positive relative movement, and when the electric spark drilling machine 33 moves to a first machining point, the controller 8 controls the electric spark drilling machine 33 to drill; and after the first hole machining is finished, repeating the operation, finding a second punching position and punching, and then repeating the action until all holes are machined.
When the screw transmission assembly 4 drives the workpiece connected with it to move, that is, the second motor 45 drives the screw 43 to rotate, the screw 43 drives the screw nut 42 to rotate relative to it when rotating, and the screw nut 42 can drive the workpiece to move by driving the transfer block 44 when rotating.
The embodiments of the present invention are preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not limited by these embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the invention are covered by the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a three-dimensional puncher of dysmorphism iron pipe, establishes to be the Z direction along vertical direction, is X direction and Y direction respectively along the horizontal direction, and X direction and Y direction are perpendicular, its characterized in that: comprises a box body (1) with an opening on the top wall, a rotating disc (2) with the axis parallel to the X direction and rotationally connected with the inner wall of the box body (1), a first motor (31) used for driving the rotating disc (2) to rotate, a clamping piece (32) arranged on the rotating disc (2), an electric spark puncher (33) arranged above the clamping piece (32), and three groups of lead screw transmission components (4) respectively used for driving the electric spark puncher (33) and the clamping piece (32) to generate relative motion along the X direction, the Y direction and the Z direction, the box body (1) is provided with an induction component (7) for inducing the rotation position of the lubricating pipeline (9) and a controller (8) connected with the induction component (7), the controller (8) is respectively and electrically communicated with each group of the screw rod transmission assembly (4), the electric spark drilling machine (33) and the first motor (31).
2. The three-dimensional punching machine for the special-shaped iron pipe as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the induction component (7) comprises a laser aligner (71) connected to the inner wall of the box body (1) and a receiver (72) used for receiving a line emitted by the laser aligner (71), the laser aligner (71) and the receiver (72) are electrically communicated with the controller (8), the ray direction of the laser aligner (71) is parallel to the X direction, and the clamping piece (32) is arranged between the laser aligner (71) and the receiver (72).
3. The three-dimensional punching machine for the special-shaped iron pipe as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the clamping piece (32) is a spring chuck, the axis of the spring chuck is overlapped with the axis of the rotating disc (2), and the spring chuck is detachably connected with the rotating disc (2).
4. The three-dimensional punching machine for the special-shaped iron pipe as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the end wall of the rotating disc (2) is coaxially provided with a mounting hole (21), the spring chuck is coaxially inserted into the mounting hole (21), and a fastener (25) used for fixing the spring chuck is arranged on the rotating disc (2).
5. The three-dimensional punching machine for the special-shaped iron pipe as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the spring chuck is characterized in that a plurality of layers of limiting rings (22) are coaxially sleeved in the mounting hole (21), and the spring chuck is mounted on the inner wall of the limiting ring (22) located on the innermost layer.
6. The three-dimensional punching machine for the special-shaped iron pipe as claimed in claim 5, wherein: each equal rigid coupling of spacing ring (22) outer wall has stopper (23), each spacing ring (22) inner wall with the spacing groove (24) of confession stopper (23) embedding are all seted up to mounting hole (21) inner wall.
7. The three-dimensional punching machine for the special-shaped iron pipe as claimed in claim 1, wherein: still include base (51), rigid coupling of long border X direction in bracing piece (52), long border Y direction and rigid coupling on base (51) in horizontal branch (53), long border Z direction on bracing piece (52) and along being on a parallel with Y direction with horizontal branch (53) sliding connection's vertical branch (54), spark-erosion perforating machine (33) along the Z direction with vertical branch (54) sliding connection, box (1) along the X direction with base (51) sliding connection, three groups lead screw drive subassembly (4) are used for driving respectively box (1), vertical branch (54) and spark-erosion perforating machine (33) move.
8. The three-dimensional punching machine for the special-shaped iron pipe according to claim 7, characterized in that: the screw rod transmission assembly (4) comprises a mounting seat (41), a screw rod (43) rotatably connected to the mounting seat (41), a screw rod nut (42) in threaded connection with the screw rod (43), and a second motor (45) for driving the screw rod (43) to rotate, wherein the mounting seat (41) in the screw rod transmission assembly (4) for driving the box body (1) is fixedly connected to the base (51), the axis of the screw rod (43) is along the X direction, and the screw rod nut (42) is fixedly connected with the box body (1); a mounting seat (41) in the screw rod transmission assembly (4) for driving the vertical supporting rod (54) to move is fixedly connected to the transverse supporting rod (53), the axis of the screw rod (43) is fixedly connected with the vertical supporting rod (54) along the Y direction, and a screw rod nut (42) is fixedly connected with the vertical supporting rod; and a mounting seat (41) in the screw rod transmission assembly (4) for driving the electric spark drilling machine (33) to move is fixedly connected to the vertical supporting rod (54), the axis of the screw rod (43) is fixedly connected with the electric spark drilling machine (33) along the Z direction, and a screw rod nut (42) is fixedly connected with the electric spark drilling machine.
9. A punching method using the three-dimensional punching machine for the special-shaped iron pipe as claimed in claims 1 to 8, characterized in that: comprises the following steps:
s1: clamping a main pipe (91) in the lubrication pipeline (9) by using a clamping piece (32), and enabling the axis of the main pipe (91) to be along the X direction;
s2: the first motor (31) drives the rotating disc (2) to rotate, and the rotating disc (2) drives the lubricating pipeline (9) to synchronously rotate when rotating;
s3: the laser aligner (71) sends rays towards the receiver (72), and the receiver (72) converts the optical signal into an electric signal to be transmitted to the controller (8);
s4: the receiver (72) receives a signal sent by the laser aligner (71) and then transmits the signal to the controller (8), and the controller (8) controls the first motor (31) to continue rotating; the receiver (72) sends a signal to the controller (8) after not receiving the signal sent by the laser aligner (71), and the controller (8) controls the first motor (31) to stop rotating and takes the rotating angle of the lubricating pipeline (9) as a processing origin;
s5: the controller (8) controls the three groups of screw rod transmission assemblies (4) to respectively drive the clamping piece (32) and the electric spark drilling machine (33) to generate relative motion along the X direction, the Y direction and the Z direction, and the electric spark drilling machine (33) is controlled by the controller (8) to drill.
CN201911310318.9A 2019-12-18 2019-12-18 Three-dimensional punching machine for special-shaped iron pipe and punching method thereof Pending CN110948069A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911310318.9A CN110948069A (en) 2019-12-18 2019-12-18 Three-dimensional punching machine for special-shaped iron pipe and punching method thereof

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112756721A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-07 江苏力博士机械股份有限公司 Hydraulic crusher external reversing valve main flow hole and machining process thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112756721A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-07 江苏力博士机械股份有限公司 Hydraulic crusher external reversing valve main flow hole and machining process thereof

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