CN110900349A - Multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine - Google Patents

Multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110900349A
CN110900349A CN201911352782.4A CN201911352782A CN110900349A CN 110900349 A CN110900349 A CN 110900349A CN 201911352782 A CN201911352782 A CN 201911352782A CN 110900349 A CN110900349 A CN 110900349A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamping
lifting
face
threaded rod
plates
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Granted
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CN201911352782.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110900349B (en
Inventor
戴丽冬
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Zhejiang Sian Hebei Beijing Great Automotive Components Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Sian Hebei Beijing Great Automotive Components Co Ltd
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Publication of CN110900349A publication Critical patent/CN110900349A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B9/00Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor
    • B24B9/02Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground
    • B24B9/04Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground of metal, e.g. skate blades
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/20Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor relating to feed movement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/22Equipment for exact control of the position of the grinding tool or work at the start of the grinding operation

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Jigs For Machine Tools (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of mechanical equipment, in particular to a multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine, which comprises a workbench, a spiral transmission mechanism, a spiral lifting mechanism, a clamping mechanism and a clamping mechanism, wherein the upper end face of the workbench is provided with a fixed frame, the spiral transmission mechanism is arranged in the middle of the fixed frame, the fixed frame is provided with two supports, the supports are provided with supporting frames, a moving box is arranged between the spiral lifting mechanism and the supporting frames, the moving box is also internally provided with a pushing mechanism, the pushing mechanism is arranged at the side of the clamping mechanism, the spiral transmission mechanism is provided with two groups of clamping chamfering devices, the middle part of the workbench is obliquely inserted with a discharging channel, and the supporting frames are provided with feeding channels. The requirement of a factory for chamfering the inner side of a large batch of annular metal parts is met.

Description

Multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of mechanical equipment, in particular to a multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine.
Background
The chamfering machine is a small-sized precision machine tool which is specially used for manufacturing dies, hardware machinery, machine tool, hydraulic parts, valves and the like, chamfering of textile machinery, milling, planing and the like. The trend in the mechanical industry is to use rapid machine chamfering.
The chamfering machine is a special tool for chamfering the bevel on the front end face of a pipeline or a flat plate before welding, overcomes the defects of irregular angle, rough slope surface, high working noise and the like of operation processes such as flame cutting, grinding by a polishing machine and the like, has the advantages of simple and convenient operation, standard angle, smooth surface and the like, and has the advantages of light weight, high bevel probability, durability, convenient operation and the like. Is very suitable for: the welding manufacturing field of steel structure, boiler, pressure vessel, equipment manufacturing industry, shipbuilding, electric power, mould, chemical engineering, petroleum engineering, metallurgy, end socket, iron tower, aerospace and the like.
After the annular metal part is machined, chamfering treatment needs to be carried out on the inner sides of two end faces of the annular metal part, the two ends of a round pipe are respectively chamfered by manually operating chamfering equipment in a traditional mode, and the mode has the defects of low operation speed, low efficiency, poor precision, low automation degree and the like, so that the multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine is designed to meet the market requirements.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing a multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine which can perform full-automatic chamfering on the inner side of annular metal and has the advantages of high speed, high efficiency, high precision, high automation degree and the like.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine is provided, which comprises a workbench, a spiral transmission mechanism, a spiral lifting mechanism, a clamping mechanism and a clamping mechanism, wherein a fixed frame is fixedly arranged on the upper end face of the workbench along the length direction of the workbench, the spiral transmission mechanism is arranged in the middle of the fixed frame along the length direction of the fixed frame, two supports are symmetrically arranged on the fixed frame along the width direction of the fixed frame, the spiral lifting mechanism is arranged on the upper end face of one support, the clamping mechanism is arranged on the upper end faces of the two supports, a supporting frame symmetrical to the spiral lifting mechanism is arranged on the supports, a moving box is arranged between the spiral lifting mechanism and the supporting frame in a sliding manner, the clamping mechanism is arranged in the moving box, the clamping mechanism is arranged right above the clamping mechanism, a pushing mechanism is also arranged in the moving box and arranged beside the clamping mechanism, two groups of clamping chamfering devices are symmetrically arranged on the spiral transmission, two sets of clamping chamfering mechanisms are respectively arranged on two sides of the movable box, a discharging channel for discharging is obliquely inserted in the middle of the workbench, and a feeding channel is arranged on the supporting frame.
As an optimal scheme of multi-functional two-end face beveler, clamping mechanism includes double-end cylinder and two joint boards, the double-end cylinder level is fixed to be set up in the inside of removal case, the upper end of two joint boards respectively with two output fixed connection of double-end cylinder, and all seted up first through-hole on two joint boards, the middle part both ends symmetry of removal case is fixed and is provided with two slide rails, two joint boards slide to slide through a plurality of slider respectively and slide and set up on two slide rails, two joint board cooperations set up the bottom at the feed channel, and two joint boards and feed channel intercommunication.
As an optimal scheme of multi-functional two-end face beveler, pushing mechanism includes first cylinder, and first cylinder passes through the fixed setting of cylinder block and removes the incasement, and fixedly connected with cylindrical pushing head on the output shaft of first cylinder, the pushing head setting is in two first through-holes of two joint plates.
As a preferred scheme of the multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine, the spiral lifting mechanism comprises a lifting platform, a first rotating motor, a first threaded rod and a lifting plate, the lifting platform is vertically and fixedly arranged on the bracket, the first rotating motor is fixedly arranged at the top end of the lifting platform, and the output of first rotating electrical machines passes the top and first threaded rod fixed connection of elevating platform down, the vertical rotation of first threaded rod sets up the inside at the elevating platform, the one end and the first threaded rod threaded connection of lifter plate, the first elevator of the other end fixedly connected with of lifter plate, first elevator and the terminal surface fixed connection of removal case, another terminal surface fixed of removal case is provided with the second elevator, the symmetry is provided with two slide rails respectively on the terminal surface of elevating platform and support frame, first elevator and second elevator slide through a plurality of slider slip respectively and set up on two slide rails.
As an optimal scheme of multi-functional two-end face beveler, fixture includes two sets of centre gripping subassemblies, two sets of centre gripping subassembly symmetry sets up on two supports, the centre gripping subassembly includes second cylinder and accepts the piece, the fixed one end that sets up at the support of second cylinder level, accept the fixed side that sets up at the second cylinder of piece level, fixedly connected with ejector pad on the output shaft of second cylinder, the ejector pad slides and sets up in accepting the piece, the one end fixedly connected with grip block of ejector pad, the one end semicircular in shape of grip block.
As an optimal scheme of multi-functional two-sided terminal surface beveler, screw drive mechanism includes the second rotating electrical machines, two-way threaded rod and two movable plates, the horizontal fixed setting of second rotating electrical machines is at the middle part of mount one end, the output of second rotating electrical machines passes through the one end fixed connection of shaft coupling and two-way threaded rod, the other end of two-way threaded rod passes through the one end that the second rotating electrical machines was kept away from at the mount to the horizontal rotation setting of bearing frame, the bottom of two movable plates respectively with two-way threaded rod threaded connection, be provided with two slide rails along the length direction horizontal symmetry of mount on the up end of mount, two movable plates slide through a plurality of slider respectively and set up on two slide rails.
As an optimal scheme of the multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine, second through holes for the two-way threaded rods to penetrate through are formed in the upper ends of the discharging channels respectively, and baffles are fixedly arranged at the upper ends of the discharging channels and above the two-way threaded rods.
As an optimal scheme of the multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine, the two clamping chamfering devices are respectively and symmetrically and fixedly arranged above the middle parts of the two movable plates, the bottom ends of the two clamping chamfering devices are respectively and fixedly connected with cushion blocks, and the two cushion blocks are respectively and fixedly arranged in the middle parts of the movable plates.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
when the chamfering machine works, a ring-shaped metal is thrown along a feeding channel, the ring-shaped metal enters the middle parts of the two clamping plates, then a pushing head in the pushing mechanism penetrates through a first through hole of the clamping mechanism and the middle parts of the ring-shaped metal, meanwhile, the ring-shaped metal is driven by the spiral lifting mechanism to move downwards, when the ring-shaped metal reaches the middle position of the clamping mechanism, the spiral lifting mechanism stops working, then the two clamping plates in the clamping mechanism are opened, the ring-shaped metal cannot fall off under the action of the pushing head, next, the outer edge of the ring-shaped metal is fixed by the clamping mechanism, after the ring-shaped metal is fixed, the pushing head leaves the middle part of the ring-shaped metal, then, the spiral lifting mechanism, the clamping mechanism and the pushing mechanism reset, then, the spiral transmission mechanism drives the two groups of clamping chamfering devices to move towards the two end faces of the ring-shaped, the spiral transmission mechanism stops, and finally, the clamping chamfering device is started, inner-side chamfering is carried out on the annular metal, after the chamfering is completed, the two groups of clamping chamfering devices reset, and meanwhile, the annular metal is loosened to enable the annular metal to fall into the discharging channel, the annular metal is collected into the collecting box along the discharging channel, the inner-side chamfering of the annular metal is completed, and then the chamfering machine repeats the steps and carries out inner-side chamfering on the annular metal.
The multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine can perform full-automatic chamfering on the inner side of annular metal, has the advantages of high speed, high efficiency, high precision, high automation degree and the like, and meets the requirement of a factory on performing inner side chamfering on large-batch annular metal parts.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view, partially in section, of the mobile case of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the mobile case of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the clamping mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the spiral elevating mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view of the screw elevating mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of the clamping mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an exploded perspective view of the clamping assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic perspective view of the screw mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an exploded perspective view of the screw drive mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic perspective view of the discharge passage of the present invention.
The reference numbers in the figures are: a work table 1; a screw drive mechanism 2; a screw elevating mechanism 3; a clamping mechanism 4; a fixed mount 5; a bracket 6; a support frame 7; a moving box 8; a clamping chamfering device 10; a discharge passage 11; a feed channel 12; a double-headed cylinder 13; a chucking plate 14; a first through hole 15; a slide rail 16; a slider 17; a first cylinder 18; a cylinder block 19; a push head 20; an elevating table 21; a first rotating electrical machine 22; a first threaded rod 23; a lifter plate 24; a first lifting block 25; a second lifting block 26; a clamping assembly 27; a second cylinder 28; a receiving block 29; a push block 30; a holding plate 31; the second rotating electrical machine 32; a bidirectional threaded rod 33; a moving plate 34; a coupling 35; a bearing seat 36; a second through hole 37; a baffle 38; a spacer 39.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
Referring to fig. 1, the multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine comprises a workbench 1, a spiral transmission mechanism 2, a spiral lifting mechanism 3, a clamping mechanism and a clamping mechanism 4, wherein a fixed frame 5 is fixedly arranged on the upper end face of the workbench 1 along the length direction of the workbench 1, the spiral transmission mechanism 2 is arranged in the middle of the fixed frame 5 along the length direction of the fixed frame 5, two supports 6 are symmetrically arranged on the fixed frame 5 along the width direction of the fixed frame 5, the spiral lifting mechanism 3 is arranged on the upper end face of one of the supports 6, the clamping mechanism is arranged on the upper end faces of the two supports 6, a support frame 7 symmetrical to the spiral lifting mechanism 3 is arranged on the support 6, a moving box 8 is arranged between the spiral lifting mechanism 3 and the support frame 7 in a sliding manner, the clamping mechanism 4 is arranged in the moving box 8, and the clamping mechanism 4 is arranged right above the clamping mechanism, still be equipped with pushing mechanism in the mobile box 8, pushing mechanism sets up the side at clamping mechanism 4, and the symmetry is provided with two sets of centre gripping chamfer devices 10 on the screw drive mechanism 2, and two sets of centre gripping chamfer mechanisms set up respectively in the both sides of mobile box 8, and the middle part slope of workstation 1 alternates there is the discharge gate 11 that is used for the ejection of compact, is provided with feed channel 12 on the support frame 7. Firstly, in a circular metal processing factory, the chamfering machine is applied to processing of inner side chamfers of circular metals, before the chamfering machine works, a worker can install a feeding device beside a feeding channel 12 of the chamfering machine, a feeding time is set on the device, circular metals are fed along the feeding channel 12 one at a time, full-automatic processing of inner side chamfers of the circular metals can be realized, when the chamfering machine starts to work, the circular metals are fed along the feeding channel 12, the circular metals enter a clamping mechanism 4 along the feeding channel 12, then a pushing mechanism works, the pushing mechanism is inserted into the middle parts of the clamping mechanism 4 and the circular metals, meanwhile, a spiral lifting mechanism 3 is started, the spiral lifting mechanism 3 drives a moving box 8 to move downwards, the moving box 8 also drives the pushing mechanism and the clamping mechanism 4 to move downwards synchronously, when the clamping mechanism 4 reaches the position of the clamping mechanism, the spiral lifting mechanism 3 stops working, at the moment, the movable box 8, the pushing mechanism and the clamping mechanism 4 are in a static state, then, the lower end of the clamping mechanism 4 is opened, so that the annular metal is in a suspended state, the annular metal cannot fall off under the action of the pushing mechanism, then, the clamping mechanism works, the clamping mechanism fixes the outer edge of the annular metal, after the outer edge of the annular metal is fixed, the pushing mechanism works and leaves the middle part of the annular metal, then, the clamping mechanism 4 and the pushing mechanism reset, the spiral lifting mechanism 3 drives the movable box 8, the clamping mechanism 4 and the pushing mechanism to return to the original positions, the annular metal is firmly clamped under the action of the clamping mechanism, then, the spiral transmission mechanism 2 works, and the spiral transmission mechanism 2 drives the two groups of clamping chamfering devices 10 to move, the clamping chamfering device 10 stops moving when reaching the side of the two end faces of the annular metal, before the clamping chamfering device 10 starts to operate, a worker fixes the chamfering tool on the clamping chamfering device 10, then, the inner side of the annular metal is preset with clamping chamfering devices 10 according to the chamfering conditions required, then the inner side of the annular metal can be chamfered, after the chamfering is finished, the two groups of clamping chamfering devices 10 return to the original positions under the action of the screw transmission mechanism 2, at the same time, the clamping mechanism works to loosen the annular metal, so that the annular metal falls into the discharging channel 11 and is collected into the collecting box along the discharging channel 11, and at the same time, the chamfering machine performs chamfering of the inner side of one ring metal, and then the chamfering machine repeats the above steps to perform chamfering of the inner side of one ring metal.
Referring to fig. 2 to 4, clamping mechanism 4 includes double-end cylinder 13 and two joint boards 14, double-end cylinder 13 horizontal fixation sets up in the inside of removal case 8, the upper end of two joint boards 14 respectively with two output fixed connection of double-end cylinder 13, and all seted up first through-hole 15 on two joint boards 14, the middle part both ends symmetry of removal case 8 is fixed and is provided with two slide rails 16, two joint boards 14 slide to slide through a plurality of slider 17 respectively and slide and set up on two slide rails 16, two joint board 14 cooperations set up the bottom at feed channel 12, and two joint boards 14 and feed channel 12 intercommunication. Firstly, the clamping mechanism 4 is operated, the double-head motor is started, the double-head motor drives the two clamping plates 14 to synchronously move, when the two clamping plates 14 are butted together, the initial state of the clamping mechanism 4 is set, because the two tabs 14 are now butted together, a cavity is formed that receives the ring metal, and the cavity formed by the butt joint of the two clamping plates 14 is communicated with the outlet of the feeding channel 12, so that the annular metal can directly enter the cavity of the two clamping plates 14, when the two clamping plates 14 are separated, the clamped annular metal can be loosened, the first through hole 15 is arranged for the penetration of the pushing mechanism, the middle of the annular metal is fixed, and the arrangement of the sliding rail 16 and the sliding block 17 is beneficial to driving the two clamping plates 14 to operate by the double-head motor, so that the two clamping plates 14 can normally and stably move on the movable box 8.
The pushing mechanism comprises a first air cylinder 18, the first air cylinder 18 is fixedly arranged in the movable box 8 through an air cylinder seat 19, a cylindrical push head 20 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the first air cylinder 18, and the push head 20 is arranged in the two first through holes 15 of the two clamping plates 14. Firstly, the pushing mechanism works, the first air cylinder 18 is started, the first air cylinder 18 drives the cylindrical push head 20 to move, the cylindrical push head 20 can penetrate through the first through hole 15 in the clamping plate 14, the cylindrical push head 20 penetrates into the middle of the annular metal and is fixed, when the clamping mechanism 4 opens the two clamping plates 14, the annular metal can be stably arranged on the cylindrical push head 20, after the clamping mechanism fixes the outer edge of the annular metal, the first air cylinder 18 can drive the cylindrical push head 20 to be away from the middle of the annular metal, finally, the two clamping plates 14 are in butt joint, the pushing mechanism and the clamping mechanism 4 return to the initial position under the action of the spiral lifting mechanism 3, the two clamping plates 14 are in butt joint and are continuously communicated with the feeding channel 12, and the next annular metal is clamped and conveyed.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, the spiral lifting mechanism 3 includes a lifting platform 21, a first rotating electrical machine 22, a first threaded rod 23 and a lifting plate 24, the lifting platform 21 is vertically and fixedly disposed on the bracket 6, the first rotating electrical machine 22 is fixedly disposed at the top end of the lifting platform 21, an output end of the first rotating electrical machine 22 downwards penetrates through the top end of the lifting platform 21 and is fixedly connected with the first threaded rod 23, the first threaded rod 23 vertically rotates and is disposed inside the lifting platform 21, one end of the lifting plate 24 is in threaded connection with the first threaded rod 23, the other end of the lifting plate 24 is fixedly connected with a first lifting block 25, the first lifting block 25 is fixedly connected with one end face of the movable box 8, a second lifting block 26 is fixedly disposed on the other end face of the movable box 8, two sliding rails 16 are respectively and symmetrically disposed on one end face of the lifting platform 21 and one end face of the supporting frame 7, and the first lifting block 25 and the second lifting block 26 are respectively slidably disposed on the two sliding rails 16 through a plurality of sliding blocks 17 The above. Firstly, the screw lifting mechanism 3 works, the first rotating motor 22 is started, the first rotating motor 22 drives the first threaded rod 23 to rotate, the first threaded rod 23 drives the lifting plate 24 to move up and down, the lifting plate 24 drives the first lifting block 25 to move up and down, the first lifting block 25 drives the moving box 8 to move up and down, the second lifting block 26 is arranged to ensure the stability of the moving box 8 in moving up and down, the slide rail 16 and the slide block 17 are arranged to ensure the stability of the first lifting block 25 and the second lifting block 26 in moving up and down, and meanwhile, the first threaded rod 23 is prevented from driving the lifting plate 24 and the first lifting block 25 to rotate.
Referring to fig. 7 and 8, a multi-functional double-end-face chamfering machine, the fixture includes two sets of clamping components 27, two sets of clamping components 27 are symmetrically disposed on two supports 6, clamping components 27 include a second cylinder 28 and a receiving block 29, the second cylinder 28 is horizontally and fixedly disposed at one end of each support 6, the receiving block 29 is horizontally and fixedly disposed at the side of the second cylinder 28, a push block 30 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the second cylinder 28, the push block 30 is slidably disposed in the receiving block 29, one end of the push block 30 is fixedly connected with a clamping plate 31, and one end of the clamping plate 31 is semicircular. Firstly, the clamping assembly 27 is operated, the second air cylinder 28 is started, the second air cylinder 28 drives the pushing block 30 to move on the bearing block 29, the pushing block 30 drives the clamping plate 31 to move, so that the clamping plate 31 can do reciprocating motion, when the two clamping plates 14 of the clamping mechanism 4 drive the annular metal to reach the middle of the two groups of clamping mechanisms, the two clamping plates 14 release the annular metal, the pushing head 20 of the pushing mechanism supports the middle of the annular metal, at the moment, the two clamping plates 31 move to clamp the outer edge of the annular metal, then, the annular metal can be subjected to inner side chamfering processing, and after the processing is finished, the second air cylinder 28 drives the clamping plate 31 to return to the original position to wait for clamping the next annular metal.
Referring to fig. 9 and 10, the spiral transmission mechanism 2 includes a second rotating motor 32, a bidirectional threaded rod 33 and two moving plates 34, the second rotating motor 32 is horizontally and fixedly disposed in the middle of one end of the fixing frame 5, an output end of the second rotating motor 32 is fixedly connected to one end of the bidirectional threaded rod 33 through a coupling 35, the other end of the bidirectional threaded rod 33 is horizontally and rotatably disposed at one end of the fixing frame 5 far away from the second rotating motor 32 through a bearing seat 36, bottom ends of the two moving plates 34 are respectively in threaded connection with the bidirectional threaded rod 33, the two sliding rails 16 are horizontally and symmetrically disposed on an upper end surface of the fixing frame 5 along the length direction of the fixing frame 5, and the two moving plates 34 are respectively slidably disposed on the two sliding rails 16 through a plurality of sliding blocks 17. Firstly, the screw transmission mechanism 2 works, the second rotating motor 32 is started, the second rotating motor 32 drives the bidirectional threaded rod 33 to rotate, the bidirectional threaded rod 33 drives the two groups of clamping chamfering devices 10 to approach to the positions of the clamping mechanisms for clamping the annular metal, and according to the set moving distance, accurate chamfering of the inner side of the annular metal by chamfering tools on the clamping chamfering devices 10 is ensured, the slide rail 16 and the slide block 17 are arranged to ensure that the bidirectional threaded rod 33 does not drive the two moving plates 34 to rotate in the rotating process, and the two moving plates 34 can stably move on the slide rail 16.
Referring to the multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine shown in fig. 11, the upper two ends of the discharging channel 11 are respectively provided with a second through hole 37 for the two-way threaded rod 33 to pass through, the upper end of the discharging channel 11 is fixedly provided with a baffle 38, and the baffle 38 is fixedly arranged above the two-way threaded rod 33. Firstly, the setting of second through-hole 37 is the upper end that passes out the material way 11 in order to guarantee that two-way threaded rod 33 can not have the influence on the one hand, and on the other hand avoids influencing the use of material way 11, and the setting of baffle 38 is in order to guarantee that annular metal drops out when saying 11, can be smooth go out from material way 11, has guaranteed the normal stable operation of whole equipment.
Referring to the multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine shown in fig. 10, two clamping chamfering devices 10 are respectively and symmetrically and fixedly arranged above the middle portions of two moving plates 34, the bottom ends of the two clamping chamfering devices 10 are respectively and fixedly connected with cushion blocks 39, and the two cushion blocks 39 are respectively and fixedly arranged in the middle portions of the moving plates 34. Firstly, the setting of the backing plate can adjust the position of the clamping chamfering device 10 on the movable plate 34 on one hand, and on the other hand, according to the relative height of the clamping mechanism for clamping the annular metal, the height of the clamping chamfering device 10 on the movable plate 34 is further adjusted, so as to ensure that the inner side of the annular metal is chamfered accurately.
The working principle is as follows: when the chamfering machine starts to operate, a ring-shaped metal is thrown in along a feed channel 12, the ring-shaped metal enters the insides of two clamping plates 14 in a clamping mechanism 4 along the feed channel 12, then a pushing mechanism operates, a pushing head 20 in the pushing mechanism is inserted into a first through hole 15 of the clamping mechanism 4 and the middle part of the ring-shaped metal, meanwhile, a spiral lifting mechanism 3 is started, the spiral lifting mechanism 3 drives a moving box 8 to move downwards, the moving box 8 also synchronously drives the ring-shaped metal, the pushing mechanism and the clamping mechanism 4 to move downwards, when the ring-shaped metal reaches the middle position of the clamping mechanism, the spiral lifting mechanism 3 stops operating, at the moment, the moving box 8, the pushing mechanism and the clamping mechanism 4 are in a static state, then, the two clamping plates 14 in the clamping mechanism 4 are opened, the ring-shaped metal cannot fall under the action of the pushing head 20, and then, the clamping mechanism works, the clamping mechanism fixes the outer edge of the annular metal, after the outer edge of the annular metal is fixed, the pushing mechanism works to leave the middle part of the annular metal, then the clamping mechanism 4 and the pushing mechanism reset, the spiral lifting mechanism 3 drives the moving box 8, the clamping mechanism 4 and the pushing mechanism to return to the original positions, the annular metal is firmly clamped under the action of the clamping mechanism, then the spiral transmission mechanism 2 works, the spiral transmission mechanism 2 drives the two groups of clamping chamfering devices 10 to move towards the two end faces of the annular metal, after the position of a worker needing chamfering is reached, the spiral transmission mechanism 2 stops working, before the clamping chamfering devices 10 start working, the worker fixes a chamfering tool on the clamping chamfering devices 10, then the clamping chamfering devices 10 are started, and the inner side chamfering can be carried out on the annular metal, after the chamfering is finished, the two groups of clamping chamfering devices 10 return to the original positions under the action of the spiral transmission mechanism 2, meanwhile, the clamping mechanisms work to loosen the annular metal, so that the annular metal falls into the discharging channel 11, the annular metal is collected into the collecting box along the discharging channel 11, the chamfering of the inner side of the annular metal is finished, and then the chamfering machine repeats the steps and performs inner chamfering on the annular metal.

Claims (8)

1. A multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine is characterized by comprising a workbench (1), a spiral transmission mechanism (2), a spiral lifting mechanism (3), a clamping mechanism and a clamping mechanism (4), wherein the upper end face of the workbench (1) is fixedly provided with a fixed frame (5) along the length direction of the workbench (1), the spiral transmission mechanism (2) is arranged in the middle of the fixed frame (5) along the length direction of the fixed frame (5), the fixed frame (5) is symmetrically provided with two brackets (6) along the width direction of the fixed frame (5), the spiral lifting mechanism (3) is arranged on the upper end face of one bracket (6), the clamping mechanism is arranged on the upper end faces of the two brackets (6), the brackets (6) are provided with supporting frames (7) symmetrical to the spiral lifting mechanism (3), and a moving box (8) is arranged between the spiral lifting mechanism (3) and the supporting frames (7) in a sliding manner, clamping mechanism (4) set up in removal case (8), and clamping mechanism (4) set up directly over fixture, still be equipped with pushing mechanism in removal case (8), pushing mechanism sets up the side at clamping mechanism (4), the symmetry is provided with two sets of centre gripping chamfer devices (10) on screw drive mechanism (2), two sets of centre gripping chamfer mechanisms set up respectively in the both sides of removal case (8), the middle part slope of workstation (1) is alternate has discharge chute (11) that are used for the ejection of compact, be provided with feed channel (12) on support frame (7).
2. The multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine according to claim 1, wherein the clamping mechanism (4) comprises a double-end cylinder (13) and two clamping plates (14), the double-end cylinder (13) is horizontally and fixedly arranged inside the movable box (8), the upper ends of the two clamping plates (14) are respectively and fixedly connected with the two output ends of the double-end cylinder (13), the two clamping plates (14) are respectively provided with a first through hole (15), the two ends of the middle of the movable box (8) are symmetrically and fixedly provided with two sliding rails (16), the two clamping plates (14) are respectively and slidably arranged on the two sliding rails (16) through a plurality of sliding blocks (17), the two clamping plates (14) are arranged at the bottom end of the feeding channel (12) in a matched mode, and the two clamping plates (14) are communicated with the feeding channel (12).
3. The multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine according to claim 2, wherein the pushing mechanism comprises a first air cylinder (18), the first air cylinder (18) is fixedly arranged in the movable box (8) through an air cylinder seat (19), a cylindrical pushing head (20) is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the first air cylinder (18), and the pushing head (20) is arranged in the two first through holes (15) of the two clamping plates (14).
4. The multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine according to claim 1, wherein the spiral lifting mechanism (3) comprises a lifting table (21), a first rotating motor (22), a first threaded rod (23) and a lifting plate (24), the lifting table (21) is vertically and fixedly arranged on the support (6), the first rotating motor (22) is fixedly arranged at the top end of the lifting table (21), the output end of the first rotating motor (22) downwards penetrates through the top end of the lifting table (21) to be fixedly connected with the first threaded rod (23), the first threaded rod (23) is vertically and rotatably arranged inside the lifting table (21), one end of the lifting plate (24) is in threaded connection with the first threaded rod (23), the other end of the lifting plate (24) is fixedly connected with a first lifting block (25), the first lifting block (25) is fixedly connected with one end face of the movable box (8), the other end face of the movable box (8) is fixedly provided with a second lifting block (26), two sliding rails (16) are respectively and symmetrically arranged on one end surfaces of the lifting platform (21) and the supporting frame (7), and the first lifting block (25) and the second lifting block (26) are respectively arranged on the two sliding rails (16) in a sliding mode through a plurality of sliding blocks (17).
5. The multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine according to claim 1, wherein the clamping mechanism comprises two groups of clamping assemblies (27), the two groups of clamping assemblies (27) are symmetrically arranged on the two supports (6), each clamping assembly (27) comprises a second air cylinder (28) and a bearing block (29), the second air cylinders (28) are horizontally and fixedly arranged at one ends of the supports (6), the bearing blocks (29) are horizontally and fixedly arranged at the sides of the second air cylinders (28), push blocks (30) are fixedly connected to output shafts of the second air cylinders (28), the push blocks (30) are slidably arranged in the bearing blocks (29), clamping plates (31) are fixedly connected to one ends of the push blocks (30), and one ends of the clamping plates (31) are semicircular.
6. The multi-functional double-end-face chamfering machine according to claim 1, wherein the screw transmission mechanism (2) includes a second rotating electric machine (32), two-way threaded rod (33) and two movable plates (34), the fixed middle part that sets up in mount (5) one end of second rotating electrical machines (32) level, the output of second rotating electrical machines (32) passes through shaft coupling (35) and the one end fixed connection of two-way threaded rod (33), the other end of two-way threaded rod (33) passes through bearing frame (36) horizontal rotation and sets up the one end of keeping away from second rotating electrical machines (32) in mount (5), the bottom of two movable plates (34) respectively with two-way threaded rod (33) threaded connection, length direction horizontal symmetry along mount (5) on the up end of mount (5) is provided with two slide rails (16), two movable plates (34) slide through a plurality of slider (17) respectively and set up on two slide rails (16).
7. The multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine according to claim 6, wherein second through holes (37) for the two-way threaded rods (33) to pass through are respectively formed in the upper ends of the discharging channel (11), a baffle (38) is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the discharging channel (11), and the baffle (38) is fixedly arranged above the two-way threaded rods (33).
8. The multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine according to claim 6, wherein the two clamping chamfering devices (10) are respectively and symmetrically fixedly arranged above the middle parts of the two moving plates (34), the bottom ends of the two clamping chamfering devices (10) are respectively and fixedly connected with cushion blocks (39), and the two cushion blocks (39) are respectively and fixedly arranged in the middle parts of the moving plates (34).
CN201911352782.4A 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 Multifunctional double-end-face chamfering machine Active CN110900349B (en)

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Cited By (6)

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CN111482861A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-08-04 重庆鼎鼎科技有限公司 Automatic chamfering machine for processing automobile parts
CN112059798A (en) * 2020-09-23 2020-12-11 陈登全 Be used for two-way chamfer device of metal cylinder
CN112296799A (en) * 2020-09-14 2021-02-02 钱万松 Hollow metal round bar unilateral chamfering equipment for manufacturing
CN112317879A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-02-05 嘉兴创诺精密五金有限公司 Bearing chamfer conveyer
CN114750221A (en) * 2022-04-12 2022-07-15 重庆益弘防务科技有限公司 Plastic pipe chamfering device
CN115338724A (en) * 2022-09-05 2022-11-15 安徽省荣源智能科技有限公司 Servo beveler in copper straight tube both ends

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CN101077531A (en) * 2007-04-16 2007-11-28 祝捷 Cutting tube blank full automatic flat head chamfering machine
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111482861A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-08-04 重庆鼎鼎科技有限公司 Automatic chamfering machine for processing automobile parts
CN112296799A (en) * 2020-09-14 2021-02-02 钱万松 Hollow metal round bar unilateral chamfering equipment for manufacturing
CN112059798A (en) * 2020-09-23 2020-12-11 陈登全 Be used for two-way chamfer device of metal cylinder
CN112317879A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-02-05 嘉兴创诺精密五金有限公司 Bearing chamfer conveyer
CN114750221A (en) * 2022-04-12 2022-07-15 重庆益弘防务科技有限公司 Plastic pipe chamfering device
CN114750221B (en) * 2022-04-12 2024-04-12 重庆益弘防务科技有限公司 Plastic tubing chamfer device
CN115338724A (en) * 2022-09-05 2022-11-15 安徽省荣源智能科技有限公司 Servo beveler in copper straight tube both ends
CN115338724B (en) * 2022-09-05 2023-11-10 安徽省荣源智能科技有限公司 Servo chamfering machine for two ends of copper straight pipe

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