CN110773805B - One-way filing device - Google Patents

One-way filing device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110773805B
CN110773805B CN201911136763.8A CN201911136763A CN110773805B CN 110773805 B CN110773805 B CN 110773805B CN 201911136763 A CN201911136763 A CN 201911136763A CN 110773805 B CN110773805 B CN 110773805B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
groove
sliding
track groove
moving
block
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201911136763.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110773805A (en
Inventor
邓聪迪
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
NANJING SUBO INDUSTRIAL DESIGN Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Nanjing Subo Industrial Design Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing Subo Industrial Design Co ltd filed Critical Nanjing Subo Industrial Design Co ltd
Priority to CN201911136763.8A priority Critical patent/CN110773805B/en
Publication of CN110773805A publication Critical patent/CN110773805A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110773805B publication Critical patent/CN110773805B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D69/00Filing or rasping machines or devices. characterised only by constructional features of particular parts, e.g. guiding arrangements, drives; Accessories for filing or rasping

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Jigs For Machine Tools (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a one-way filing device, which comprises a base, wherein two limit blocks are arranged above the base, a workbench capable of sliding back and forth is arranged between the limit blocks, a clamp is arranged at the rear end of the workbench, a sliding block moving back and forth is fixedly arranged at the front end of the workbench, a sliding groove communicated left and right is arranged in the middle of the sliding block, a through groove communicated up and down and extending back and forth is arranged in the middle of the bottom wall of the sliding groove, a track groove is arranged on the front wall of the sliding groove, a guide block in sliding fit with the sliding block is arranged at the front end of the base, a fixed block positioned between the limit blocks and the guide block and in sliding fit with the sliding block is arranged at the middle end of the base, a spring is arranged between the fixed block and the limit blocks, a moving block in sliding fit with the sliding, and the workpiece is automatically separated from the workpiece during back filing, so that the damage of the cutter and the processed surface is avoided, and the automatic operation of one-way filing is realized.

Description

One-way filing device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of machining, in particular to a one-way filing device.
Background
In the machining process, a worker uses a file to file redundant metal on the surface of a workpiece to enable the workpiece to reach required surface roughness, size and the like, and the file can be used for processing planes and the like and can also be used for workpiece finishing and the like during the assembly of a forming template machine;
at present, most of filing operations need no pressure when the file returns to avoid grinding blunt filing teeth and damaging the processed surface, and the file is separated from a workpiece when the file returns to be timely noticed during reciprocating operation, which is very inconvenient and low in efficiency.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a one-way filing device, which solves the problems that a file needs to be lifted to avoid damage when in back filing and the like, and is more convenient to file.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme.
The invention relates to a one-way filing device, which comprises a base, wherein two limiting blocks are arranged above the base, a workbench capable of sliding back and forth is arranged between the two limiting blocks, a clamp for clamping a workpiece is arranged at the rear end of the workbench, a sliding block capable of moving back and forth is fixedly arranged at the front end of the workbench, a sliding groove communicated left and right is arranged in the middle of the sliding block, a through groove communicated up and down and extending back and forth is arranged in the middle of the bottom wall of the sliding groove, a track groove is arranged on the front wall of the sliding groove, two guide blocks in sliding fit with the sliding block are arranged at the front end of the base, two fixed blocks positioned between the limiting blocks and the guide blocks and in sliding fit with the sliding block are arranged at the middle end of the base, a spring is arranged between the fixed blocks and the limiting blocks, a moving block in sliding fit, a guide rod is arranged between the upper wall and the lower wall of the guide groove, a sliding block which is in sliding fit with the guide rod and is in sliding fit with the track groove is arranged on the guide rod, a moving groove which is communicated up and down is arranged in the moving block, racks are arranged on the front wall and the rear wall of the moving groove, an incomplete gear which can be meshed with the racks is arranged in the moving groove, a rotating shaft which passes through the through groove is matched at the center of the incomplete gear, moving rods are fixedly connected with two sides of the moving block, guide rail blocks which are fixedly arranged on two sides of the sliding block and are in sliding fit with the moving rods are arranged at the front end of the base, connecting rods are fixedly connected with two sides of the rear end of the moving rod, a cutter frame rod is fixedly connected between the rear ends of the connecting rods at two sides, a file for filing workpieces is fixedly connected at the front end, the movable block drives the movable rod and the connecting rod fixedly connected to the rear end of the movable block to reciprocate left and right, the connecting rod drives the tool rest rod fixedly connected to the middle of the movable block to reciprocate left and right, the tool rest rod drives the file fixedly connected to the front end of the movable block to reciprocate left and right, the movable block drives the sliding block to slide in the track groove of the front wall of the sliding groove through reciprocating left and right movement, and the sliding block drives the sliding block to reciprocate back and forth through sliding movement in the track groove.
Further, the track groove includes lower track groove, goes up the track groove, last track groove left and right sides symmetry be provided with connect in the inclined rail groove in lower track groove, it is equipped with first magnet to go up track groove antetheca right side, wall left side is equipped with the second magnet behind the lower track groove.
Furthermore, the front end face of the sliding block is fixedly connected with a third magnet in sliding connection with the track groove, the third magnet is repelled by the first magnet when moving to the right side of the upper track groove, and the third magnet is repelled by the second magnet when moving to the left side of the lower track groove.
Furthermore, the depth of the lower track groove is smaller than that of the upper track groove, and a slope surface is arranged on the front end wall of the inclined track groove.
Further, install the motor of being connected with rotation axis power in the base, the motor passes through the rotary shaft and drives the rotary motion of incomplete gear.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: according to the device, the third magnet can file the workpiece in the process of sliding rightwards in the upper track groove, the workpiece is separated from the file in the process of sliding leftwards in the lower track groove, and the file can perform one-way file processing on the workpiece along with the left-right reciprocating motion of the moving block, so that the processing quality of the workpiece is improved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained based on these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of A-A of FIG. 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of B-B in FIG. 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of C-C in FIG. 2 according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The invention will now be described in detail with reference to fig. 1-4, wherein for ease of description the orientations described hereinafter are now defined as follows: the up, down, left, right, and front-back directions described below correspond to the up, down, left, right, and front-back directions in the projection relationship of fig. 1 itself.
The single-face filing device disclosed by the attached drawings 1-4 comprises a base 16, two limiting blocks 6 are arranged above the base, a workbench 4 capable of sliding back and forth is arranged between the two limiting blocks 6, a clamp 2 for clamping a workpiece 3 is arranged at the rear end of the workbench 4, a sliding block 11 moving back and forth is fixedly arranged at the front end of the workbench, a sliding groove 18 communicated left and right is arranged in the middle of the sliding block 11, a through groove 19 communicated up and down and extending back and forth is arranged in the middle of the bottom wall of the sliding groove 18, a track groove is arranged on the front wall of the sliding groove 18, two guide blocks 10 in sliding fit with the sliding block 11 are arranged at the front end of the base 16, two fixed blocks 8 positioned between the limiting blocks 6 and the guide blocks 10 and in sliding fit with the sliding block 11 are arranged at the middle end of the base 16, a spring, a moving block 14 in sliding fit with the sliding groove 18 is arranged above the middle of the sliding block 11, a guide groove 23 with a forward opening is arranged on the right side of the front end face of the moving block 14, a guide rod 21 is arranged between the upper wall and the lower wall of the guide groove 23, a sliding block 22 in sliding fit with the guide rod 21 and in sliding fit with the track groove is arranged on the guide rod 21, a moving groove 15 communicated up and down is arranged in the moving block 14, a rack is arranged on the front wall and the rear wall of the moving groove 15, an incomplete gear 13 capable of being meshed with the rack is arranged in the moving groove 15, a rotating shaft 12 passing through a through groove 19 is matched at the center of the incomplete gear 13, moving rods 17 are fixedly connected with two sides of the moving block 14, guide rail blocks 9 fixedly arranged on two sides of the sliding block 11 and in sliding fit with the moving rods 17 are arranged at the front end of the base 16, connecting rods 20 are, the front end of the tool rest rod 1 is fixedly connected with a file 5 used for filing a workpiece 3, the incomplete gear 13 is driven by the rotating shaft 12 to rotate and is matched with the rack on the front wall and the rear wall of the moving groove 15 respectively to drive the moving block 14 to reciprocate leftwards and rightwards, the moving block 14 drives the moving rod 17 and the connecting rod 20 fixedly connected at the rear end of the moving rod to reciprocate leftwards and rightwards, the connecting rod 20 drives the tool rest rod 1 fixedly connected in the middle to reciprocate leftwards and rightwards, the tool rest rod 1 drives the file 5 fixedly connected at the front end of the tool rest rod to realize reciprocating motion leftwards and rightwards, the reciprocating motion leftwards and rightwards of the moving block 14 drives the sliding block 22 to slide in the track groove on the front wall of the sliding groove 18.
The track grooves comprise a lower track groove 25 and an upper track groove 27, the left side and the right side of the upper track groove 27 are symmetrically provided with inclined track grooves 26 connected with the lower track groove 25, the right side of the front wall of the upper track groove 27 is provided with a first magnet 29, and the left side of the rear wall of the lower track groove 25 is provided with a second magnet 24.
Advantageously, a third magnet 30 slidably coupled to the track groove is fixedly coupled to the front end surface of the slider 22, and the third magnet 30 is repelled by the first magnet 29 when moving to the right side of the upper track groove 27, and the third magnet 30 is repelled by the second magnet 24 when moving to the left side of the lower track groove 25.
Advantageously, the lower track groove 25 has a depth smaller than that of the upper track groove 27, and the front end wall of the inclined track groove 26 is provided with a slope surface 28.
Advantageously, a motor is mounted in the base 16, which is in power connection with the rotating shaft 12, and which drives the rotating movement of the partial gear 13 via the rotating shaft 12.
In the initial state, the rasp 5 is positioned at the right side of the workpiece 3, the spring 7 is in a compressed state, the third magnet 30 is positioned at the right side of the lower rail groove 25, and the incomplete gear 13 is positioned at the left side of the moving groove 15 and is in rack engagement with the front wall of the moving groove.
Sequence of mechanical actions of the whole device:
1: clamping a workpiece 3 on a clamp 2, adjusting the front and rear positions and then clamping;
2: starting a motor to drive a rotating shaft 12 to rotate, so that an incomplete gear 13 rotates, the incomplete gear 13 is respectively matched with racks on the front wall and the rear wall of a moving groove 15, a moving block 14 is made to reciprocate leftwards and rightwards, a moving rod 17 fixedly connected with the moving block 14 is made to reciprocate leftwards and rightwards between two guide rail blocks 9, a tool rest rod 1 fixedly connected with the moving rod 17 is made to reciprocate leftwards and rightwards, and a file 5 fixedly arranged on the front wall of the tool rest rod is made to reciprocate leftwards and rightwards;
3: the moving block 14 reciprocates left and right to reciprocate the guide bar 21 installed in the guide groove 23 of the front wall thereof left and right, thereby moving the slider 22 slidably coupled to the guide bar 21 along the track groove, the third magnet 30 fixedly coupled to the lower end of the slider 22 moves along the track groove at the front wall of the slide groove 18, the third magnet repels the first magnet 29 when traveling rightmost along the upper track groove 27, thereby moving the third magnet 30 downward along the inclined track groove 26 on the slope surface 28 to the lower track groove 25, thereby sliding the slide block 11 forward, thereby moving the table 4 fixedly coupled to the rear end of the slide block 11 forward, thereby moving the jig 2 fixedly coupled to the rear end of the table 4 forward, thereby moving the workpiece 3 loaded in the middle of the jig 2 forward, the third magnet 30 moves leftward along the lower track groove 25 as the moving block 14 moves, and the workpiece 3 is separated from the rasp 5, the third magnet is repelled from the second magnet 24 when it travels leftmost along the lower track groove 25, so that the third magnet 30 moves upward along the inclined track groove 26 on the slope 28 to the upper track groove 29, so that the slide block 11 slides rearward, so that the table 4 fixedly connected to the rear end of the slide block 11 moves rearward, so that the jig 2 fixedly connected to the rear end of the table 4 moves rearward, so that the workpiece 3 clamped in the middle of the jig 2 moves rearward to abut against the 3 and 5, and filing of 5 to 3 is performed as the moving block 14 moves rightward.
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical ideas and features of the present invention, and the purpose thereof is to enable those skilled in the art to understand the contents of the present invention and implement the present invention, and not to limit the protection scope of the present invention. All equivalent changes and modifications made according to the spirit of the present invention should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides an one-way file cuts device, includes the base, the base top is equipped with two stoppers, its characterized in that: a workbench capable of sliding back and forth is installed between the two limiting blocks, a clamp for clamping a workpiece is installed at the rear end of the workbench, a sliding block moving back and forth is fixedly installed at the front end of the workbench, a sliding groove communicated left and right is formed in the middle of the sliding groove, a through groove communicated up and down and extending back and forth is formed in the middle of the bottom wall of the sliding groove, a track groove is formed in the front wall of the sliding groove, two guide blocks in sliding fit with the sliding block are arranged at the front end of the base, two fixed blocks positioned between the limiting blocks and the guide blocks and in sliding fit with the sliding block are arranged at the middle end of the base, a spring is installed between the fixed blocks and the limiting blocks, a moving block in sliding fit with the sliding groove is arranged above the middle of the sliding block, a guide groove with a forward opening is formed in the right side of the front end face of the moving, the movable block is internally provided with a movable groove which is communicated up and down, the front wall and the rear wall of the movable groove are provided with racks, the movable groove is internally provided with an incomplete gear which can be meshed with the racks, the center of the incomplete gear is matched with a rotating shaft passing through the through groove, two sides of the movable block are fixedly connected with movable rods, the front end of the base is provided with guide rail blocks which are fixedly arranged on two sides of a sliding block and are in sliding fit with the movable rods, two sides of the rear end of each movable rod are fixedly connected with connecting rods, a cutter rest rod is fixedly connected between the rear ends of the connecting rods on two sides, the front end of the cutter rest rod is fixedly connected with a file for filing workpieces, the incomplete gear is driven by the rotating shaft to rotate and is respectively matched with the racks on the front wall and the rear wall of the movable groove, the connecting rods on the two sides drive the tool rest rod fixedly connected in the middle to reciprocate left and right, and the tool rest rod drives the file fixedly connected to the front end of the tool rest rod to reciprocate left and right; the track groove comprises a lower track groove and an upper track groove, inclined track grooves connected with the lower track groove are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the upper track groove, a first magnet is arranged on the right side of the front wall of the upper track groove, and a second magnet is arranged on the left side of the rear wall of the lower track groove; the front end face of the sliding block is fixedly connected with a third magnet which is connected with the track groove in a sliding mode, the third magnet repels the first magnet when moving to the right side of the upper track groove, and the third magnet repels the second magnet when moving to the left side of the lower track groove; the depth of the lower track groove is smaller than that of the upper track groove, and the front end wall of the inclined track groove is provided with a slope surface.
2. A unidirectional filing device according to claim 1, wherein: the base is internally provided with a motor which is in power connection with a rotating shaft, and the motor drives the incomplete gear to rotate through the rotating shaft.
CN201911136763.8A 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 One-way filing device Active CN110773805B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911136763.8A CN110773805B (en) 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 One-way filing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911136763.8A CN110773805B (en) 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 One-way filing device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110773805A CN110773805A (en) 2020-02-11
CN110773805B true CN110773805B (en) 2020-07-10

Family

ID=69392110

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911136763.8A Active CN110773805B (en) 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 One-way filing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110773805B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112317874A (en) * 2020-11-28 2021-02-05 河北机电职业技术学院 Adjustable self-processing file bed for teaching

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009066694A (en) * 2007-09-12 2009-04-02 Seiko Epson Corp Tape treatment device
CN201223973Y (en) * 2008-05-26 2009-04-22 杨丹丹 Electric file
CN202615709U (en) * 2012-07-09 2012-12-19 俞良 Filing training apparatus for fitter
CN104271297A (en) * 2012-05-11 2015-01-07 胡斯华纳有限公司 Filing fixture
CN207953417U (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-10-12 徐州通用高新磁电有限公司 A kind of electric rotor processing burr remover
CN108857793A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-11-23 潘晓青 A kind of grinding device for cup-shaped work piece
CN109706870A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-05-03 鲍可可 A kind of road maintenance device and its application method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009066694A (en) * 2007-09-12 2009-04-02 Seiko Epson Corp Tape treatment device
CN201223973Y (en) * 2008-05-26 2009-04-22 杨丹丹 Electric file
CN104271297A (en) * 2012-05-11 2015-01-07 胡斯华纳有限公司 Filing fixture
CN202615709U (en) * 2012-07-09 2012-12-19 俞良 Filing training apparatus for fitter
CN207953417U (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-10-12 徐州通用高新磁电有限公司 A kind of electric rotor processing burr remover
CN108857793A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-11-23 潘晓青 A kind of grinding device for cup-shaped work piece
CN109706870A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-05-03 鲍可可 A kind of road maintenance device and its application method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN110773805A (en) 2020-02-11

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201728686U (en) Material cutting machine tool
CN112265086A (en) Square wood block slotting equipment for building materials
CN210789519U (en) Numerical control machine tool machining curved surface cutting tool
CN110773805B (en) One-way filing device
CN215787573U (en) Hardware processing is with laser cutting device who has adjustable structure is collected to piece
CN210451857U (en) Make things convenient for frock clamp of piece clearance
CN205915173U (en) Reciprocating type diamond wire cutting machine of ring -opening
CN201353807Y (en) Full automatic U-shaped dual-end sawing and drilling machine
CN207223222U (en) A kind of stretching clamp and laser cutting machine for laser light sheet processing
CN210633026U (en) Sawing machine with adjustable go up and down
CN206811578U (en) A kind of cutter head switching device of precious metal process equipment
CN201189683Y (en) Cutting-sawing device with two U shaped ends
CN204819807U (en) Automatic drive material machine
TWM589632U (en) Sheet cutting fixing device of woodworking machine
CN212977551U (en) Automatic centering clamping mechanism
CN216398183U (en) Novel milling machine capable of transversely processing
CN219786252U (en) Stamping die convenient to deburring location
CN212823096U (en) Clamping piece for sawing machine
CN217393960U (en) Cutting machine for bevel angle cutting of tooth head
CN219234655U (en) Pressing device of sawing machine
CN109909547A (en) The automatic sawing, cutting equipment of 45 ° of corner cuts of aluminum profile
CN212976801U (en) Drilling machine
CN220943306U (en) Precise punching device for sheet metal parts
CN113954185B (en) Numerical control cutting machine capable of changing tools and tool changing method thereof
CN214557717U (en) Double-tool-rest structure for horizontal slotting machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
TA01 Transfer of patent application right
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20200615

Address after: Room 228, block C, No.4 gupinggang, Gulou District, Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province 210000

Applicant after: NANJING SUBO INDUSTRIAL DESIGN Co.,Ltd.

Address before: No. 731, Yangsi Road, Zhang'an street, Jiaojiang District, Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province

Applicant before: Taizhou Jiaojiang Yunrui Machinery Technology Development Co.,Ltd.

GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant