CN110773320B - Low-power consumption flue gas purifier - Google Patents

Low-power consumption flue gas purifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110773320B
CN110773320B CN201910966043.8A CN201910966043A CN110773320B CN 110773320 B CN110773320 B CN 110773320B CN 201910966043 A CN201910966043 A CN 201910966043A CN 110773320 B CN110773320 B CN 110773320B
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cathode
anode
guide rods
flue gas
power consumption
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CN110773320A (en
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倪晓春
张军
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Hefei Sanbang Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Hefei Sanbang Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/02Plant or installations having external electricity supply
    • B03C3/04Plant or installations having external electricity supply dry type
    • B03C3/08Plant or installations having external electricity supply dry type characterised by presence of stationary flat electrodes arranged with their flat surfaces parallel to the gas stream
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/36Controlling flow of gases or vapour
    • B03C3/368Controlling flow of gases or vapour by other than static mechanical means, e.g. internal ventilator or recycler
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/40Electrode constructions
    • B03C3/41Ionising-electrodes

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  • Electrostatic Separation (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a low-power-consumption smoke purifier which comprises a shell, wherein a fan and at least one group of smoke separating device are arranged in the shell, the smoke separating device consists of a high-voltage ionization mechanism and an electrostatic adsorption mechanism, the high-voltage ionization mechanism comprises two anode guide rods and two cathode guide rods, a plurality of anode plates are arranged on the two anode guide rods at intervals, a plurality of cathode discharge wires are connected between the two cathode guide rods at intervals, and the anode plates and the cathode discharge wires are arranged alternately. The high-voltage ionization mechanism adopts the discharge wire to discharge, and does not need to provide larger voltage during working, so that the power consumption is reduced, and the use cost is reduced; in addition, this gas cleaning ware is equipped with and helps class mechanism, can avoid the flue gas to get off at the deposit of fan intracavity, remains high-efficient unobstructed state all the time.

Description

Low-power consumption flue gas purifier
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of purification, in particular to a low-power-consumption smoke purifier.
Background
The existing smoke purifier comprises a smoke collection cavity, a box body (a wind cabinet), a centrifugal fan and a high-voltage electrostatic oil and smoke separation device, wherein an air channel is arranged in the box body, the air channel is communicated with the smoke collection cavity, and the centrifugal fan and the high-voltage electrostatic oil and smoke separation device are arranged in the air channel.
For example, patent document CN204268544U discloses a range hood and a high-voltage electrostatic oil smoke separator for the range hood, which can purify the smoke by high-voltage ionization and then electrostatic adsorption. The device has a defect that the high-voltage ionization cathode discharge end adopts a dentate discharge cusp structure, and the discharge can be realized only by high enough voltage during working, so that the ionization power consumption is larger, and the integral use cost of the purifier is further increased.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a low-power-consumption smoke purifier, which overcomes the defects of high power consumption and high use cost of the traditional smoke purifier.
The invention realizes the purpose through the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a low-power consumption gas purifier, includes the casing, be equipped with the fan in the casing to and a set of gas separation device at least, gas separation device comprises high-pressure ionization mechanism and electrostatic absorption mechanism, high-pressure ionization mechanism includes two positive pole guide arms and two negative pole guide arms, and a plurality of anode plates are installed to the interval on two positive pole guide arms, and the interval is connected with a plurality of negative pole discharge filaments between two negative pole guide arms, anode plate and negative pole discharge filament are arranged alternately each other.
The further improvement lies in that metal spacer bushes are arranged between adjacent cathode discharge wire connection points on the cathode guide rod and used for separating adjacent cathode discharge wires.
The further improvement lies in that two cathode guide rods are arranged in parallel, and the two ends of each cathode guide rod are fixedly connected through a sheet metal part.
The cathode discharge wire is further improved in that the cathode discharge wire is composed of a spring, a hook, a hanging ring and a discharge wire body, the hanging ring is connected with the discharge wire body, the hook is connected with the cathode guide rods through the spring, and the hanging ring is hung in the hook to realize that the discharge wire body is elastically and detachably connected between the two cathode guide rods.
The improved structure of the flue gas separation device is characterized in that an air outlet machine cavity and an electrostatic cavity are separated in the shell, the fan is located at an air inlet of the fan cavity, the flue gas separation device is provided with two groups, one group is located at the air inlet of the electrostatic cavity, and the other group is located at an air outlet of the electrostatic cavity.
The further improvement lies in that stainless steel protective screens are arranged at the air inlet and the air outlet of the electrostatic cavity.
The further improvement is that the inner wall of the fan cavity is provided with a flow aiding mechanism.
The flow-assisting mechanism is further improved in that the flow-assisting mechanism comprises a motor, a stirring brush and a stirring sheet, the motor is mounted on the shell and keeps an output shaft of the motor vertical to the inner wall of the shell, the stirring brush and the stirring sheet are both vertically connected to the output shaft of the motor, the tail end of a brush part of the stirring brush is in contact with the inner wall of the shell, and the stirring sheet and the inner wall of the shell keep a distance of 1-2 cm.
The further improvement lies in that the electrostatic adsorption mechanism comprises a plurality of anode strips and a plurality of cathode strips, the anode strips and the cathode strips are alternately arranged, the anode strips are electrically connected with anode guide rods in the high-voltage ionization mechanism, and the cathode strips are electrically connected with cathode guide rods in the high-voltage ionization mechanism.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the high-voltage ionization mechanism adopts the discharge wire to discharge, and does not need to provide larger voltage during working, so that the power consumption is reduced, and the use cost is reduced; in addition, this gas cleaning ware is equipped with and helps class mechanism, can avoid the flue gas to get off at the deposit of fan intracavity, remains high-efficient unobstructed state all the time.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a high-voltage ionization mechanism;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the installation of a cathode discharge wire;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a cathode discharge wire;
in the figure: 1. a housing; 2. a fan; 3. an anode stem; 4. a cathode guide rod; 5. an anode plate; 6. a cathode discharge wire; 601. a spring; 602. hooking; 603. hanging a ring; 604. a discharge wire body; 7. a metal spacer sleeve; 8. a sheet metal part; 9. a fan cavity; 10. an electrostatic cavity; 11. a stainless steel protective net; 12. a motor; 13. a stirring brush; 14. a stirring sheet; 15. an anode sheet; 16. a cathode plate.
Detailed Description
The present application will now be described in further detail with reference to the drawings, it should be noted that the following detailed description is given for illustrative purposes only and is not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present application, as those skilled in the art will be able to make numerous insubstantial modifications and adaptations to the present application based on the above disclosure.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, a low power consumption flue gas purifier comprises a shell 1, a fan 2 is arranged in the shell 1, and at least one group of flue gas separation device is arranged, the flue gas separation device is composed of a high-voltage ionization mechanism and an electrostatic adsorption mechanism, the high-voltage ionization mechanism comprises two anode guide rods 3 and two cathode guide rods 4, a plurality of anode plates 5 are arranged on the two anode guide rods 3 at intervals, a plurality of cathode discharge wires 6 are connected between the two cathode guide rods 4 at intervals, the anode plates 5 and the cathode discharge wires 6 are arranged alternately, the cathode discharge wires 6 discharge electricity, and a high-voltage electric field is formed between the anode plates 5 and the cathode discharge wires 6. And metal spacer bushes 7 are arranged between the connection points of the adjacent cathode discharge wires 6 on the cathode guide rods 4 and used for separating the adjacent cathode discharge wires 6, the two cathode guide rods 4 are arranged in parallel, and the two ends of each cathode guide rod 4 are fixedly connected through sheet metal parts 8.
The cathode discharge wire 6 is composed of a spring 601, a hook 602, a hanging ring 603 and a discharge wire body 604, the hanging ring 603 is connected with the discharge wire body 604, the hook 602 is connected with the cathode guide rods 4 through the spring 601, the hanging ring 603 is hung in the hook 602 to realize that the discharge wire body 604 is elastically and detachably connected between the two cathode guide rods 4, and the installation and the disassembly processes are very convenient.
The inside air outlet machine chamber 9 and the static chamber 10 of being separated of casing 1, fan 2 are located the air inlet department of fan chamber 9 for inhale the flue gas, and the flue gas separator has two sets ofly, and one of them group is located the air inlet department of static chamber 10, and another group is located the air outlet department of static chamber 10, and the flue gas will get into or blow out static chamber 10 like this and all will pass through the flue gas separator successively.
Stainless steel protective screens 11 are arranged at the air inlet and the air outlet of the electrostatic cavity 10 and used for safety protection of the electrostatic cavity 10.
Particularly, the inner wall of the fan cavity 9 is provided with a flow aiding mechanism, the flow aiding mechanism comprises a motor 12, a stirring brush 13 and a stirring sheet 14, the motor 12 is installed on the shell 1, an output shaft of the motor 12 is kept to be perpendicular to the inner wall of the shell 1, the stirring brush 13 and the stirring sheet 14 are both vertically connected to the output shaft of the motor 12, the tail end of a brush part of the stirring brush 13 is in contact with the inner wall of the shell 1, and the stirring sheet 14 keeps a distance of 1-2cm from the inner wall of the shell 1. One or more stirring brushes 13 and stirring sheets 14 are arranged (in the same plane), and when the motor 12 rotates, the stirring brushes 13 are swept along the inner wall of the shell 1, so that dust cannot stay on the inner wall of the shell 1; while the stirring piece 14 will rotate at a distance of 1-2cm from the inner wall of the housing 1, thereby creating an air flow which will suck up the dust on the inner wall of the housing 1. The stirring brush 13 and the stirring sheet 14 work in a matching way, so that the smoke can be prevented from being deposited in the fan cavity, and the smoke can move in the fan cavity 9 all the time and finally reach the electrostatic cavity 10 for smoke separation, and therefore, the high-efficiency smooth state can be always kept.
In addition, the electrostatic adsorption mechanism comprises a plurality of anode strips 15 and a plurality of cathode strips 16, the anode strips 15 and the cathode strips 16 are alternately arranged, the anode strips 15 are electrically connected with the anode guide rods 3 in the high-voltage ionization mechanism, and the cathode strips 16 are electrically connected with the cathode guide rods 4 in the high-voltage ionization mechanism.
When the high-voltage ionization device works, the fan 2 rotates to suck dust-containing smoke into the fan cavity 9 and then reaches the electrostatic cavity 10, and when the dust-containing smoke passes through the high-voltage ionization mechanism, air molecules are ionized by a high-voltage electrostatic field to form positive ions and electrons; then the dust-containing flue gas reaches the electrostatic adsorption mechanism, and after the dust particles and the electrons are charged negatively, the dust particles tend to the surface of the anode sheet 15 to discharge and deposit, so that the dust removal effect is realized.
The above-mentioned embodiments only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but not construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. It should be noted that, for a person skilled in the art, several variations and modifications can be made without departing from the inventive concept, which falls within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a low-power consumption gas purifier, includes casing (1), be equipped with fan (2) in casing (1) to and at least a set of gas separation device, gas separation device comprises high-pressure ionization mechanism and electrostatic absorption mechanism, its characterized in that: the high-voltage ionization mechanism comprises two anode guide rods (3) and two cathode guide rods (4), a plurality of anode plates (5) are arranged on the two anode guide rods (3) at intervals, a plurality of cathode discharge wires (6) are connected between the two cathode guide rods (4) at intervals, and the anode plates (5) and the cathode discharge wires (6) are alternately arranged;
the shell (1) is internally divided into an air outlet cavity (9) and an electrostatic cavity (10), the fan (2) is positioned at an air inlet of the fan cavity (9), and the flue gas separation device is provided with two groups, wherein one group is positioned at the air inlet of the electrostatic cavity (10), and the other group is positioned at an air outlet of the electrostatic cavity (10);
the inner wall of the fan cavity (9) is provided with a flow aiding mechanism, the flow aiding mechanism comprises a motor (12), a stirring brush (13) and a stirring sheet (14), the motor (12) is installed on the shell (1) and keeps the output shaft of the motor (12) perpendicular to the inner wall of the shell (1), the stirring brush (13) and the stirring sheet (14) are both perpendicularly connected to the output shaft of the motor (12), the tail end of the brush part of the stirring brush (13) is in contact with the inner wall of the shell (1), and the stirring sheet (14) keeps a distance of 1-2cm from the inner wall of the shell (1).
2. A low power consumption flue gas purifier according to claim 1, wherein: and metal spacer bushes (7) are arranged between the connection points of the adjacent cathode discharge wires (6) on the cathode guide rod (4) and used for separating the adjacent cathode discharge wires (6).
3. A low power consumption flue gas purifier according to claim 1, wherein: the two cathode guide rods (4) are arranged in parallel, and the two ends of the cathode guide rods (4) are fixedly connected through sheet metal parts (8).
4. A low power consumption flue gas purifier according to claim 1, wherein: cathode discharge silk (6) comprise spring (601), couple (602), link (603) and discharge silk body (604), link (603) are connected with discharge silk body (604), couple (602) are connected with negative pole guide arm (4) through spring (601), and link (603) are hung and are realized discharge silk body (604) elasticity can dismantle the connection between two negative pole guide arms (4) in couple (602).
5. A low power consumption flue gas purifier according to claim 1, wherein: and stainless steel protective nets (11) are arranged at the air inlet and the air outlet of the electrostatic cavity (10).
6. A low power consumption flue gas purifier according to claim 1, wherein: the electrostatic adsorption mechanism comprises a plurality of anode strips (15) and a plurality of cathode strips (16), the anode strips (15) and the cathode strips (16) are alternately arranged, the anode strips (15) are electrically connected with an anode guide rod (3) in the high-voltage ionization mechanism, and the cathode strips (16) are electrically connected with a cathode guide rod (4) in the high-voltage ionization mechanism.
CN201910966043.8A 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Low-power consumption flue gas purifier Active CN110773320B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN110773320B true CN110773320B (en) 2021-11-16

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112403156B (en) * 2020-10-09 2022-05-17 合肥三邦环保科技有限公司 Efficient oil smoke purifier

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5354734U (en) * 1976-10-08 1978-05-11
JPS59228954A (en) * 1983-06-09 1984-12-22 Eiko Shioda Air cleaner
CN2560432Y (en) * 2002-07-11 2003-07-16 董寿江 High-voltage electrostatic smoke-preventing, oil-removing purifier
WO2008092083A2 (en) * 2007-01-25 2008-07-31 Ion A-Z, Llc Electrical ionizer and methods of making and using
CN104607314A (en) * 2013-11-01 2015-05-13 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Oil-smoke collecting device and smoke exhaust ventilator
CN204710554U (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-10-21 卢新华 A kind of automatic dust collection formula electrostatic precipitation cylinder
CN208131266U (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-11-23 福州清净环保设备有限公司 A kind of two-part high-voltage electrostatic purifier
CN110328053A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-10-15 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Electrostatic precipitator and air purifier

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6064022A (en) * 1998-06-12 2000-05-16 Outokumpu Oyj Electrostatic separation of particles
CN2690050Y (en) * 2003-04-01 2005-04-06 重庆聚兴交通工业(集团)有限公司 Static fume purifier
CN2734307Y (en) * 2004-03-12 2005-10-19 郭兆声 Composite oil smoke processing unit

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5354734U (en) * 1976-10-08 1978-05-11
JPS59228954A (en) * 1983-06-09 1984-12-22 Eiko Shioda Air cleaner
CN2560432Y (en) * 2002-07-11 2003-07-16 董寿江 High-voltage electrostatic smoke-preventing, oil-removing purifier
WO2008092083A2 (en) * 2007-01-25 2008-07-31 Ion A-Z, Llc Electrical ionizer and methods of making and using
CN104607314A (en) * 2013-11-01 2015-05-13 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Oil-smoke collecting device and smoke exhaust ventilator
CN204710554U (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-10-21 卢新华 A kind of automatic dust collection formula electrostatic precipitation cylinder
CN208131266U (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-11-23 福州清净环保设备有限公司 A kind of two-part high-voltage electrostatic purifier
CN110328053A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-10-15 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Electrostatic precipitator and air purifier

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