CN110700197A - Porous gate - Google Patents

Porous gate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110700197A
CN110700197A CN201911009047.3A CN201911009047A CN110700197A CN 110700197 A CN110700197 A CN 110700197A CN 201911009047 A CN201911009047 A CN 201911009047A CN 110700197 A CN110700197 A CN 110700197A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
holes
hole
gate
movable
flashboard
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN201911009047.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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许可
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201911009047.3A priority Critical patent/CN110700197A/en
Publication of CN110700197A publication Critical patent/CN110700197A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B7/00Barrages or weirs; Layout, construction, methods of, or devices for, making same
    • E02B7/20Movable barrages; Lock or dry-dock gates
    • E02B7/26Vertical-lift gates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B7/00Barrages or weirs; Layout, construction, methods of, or devices for, making same
    • E02B7/20Movable barrages; Lock or dry-dock gates
    • E02B7/26Vertical-lift gates
    • E02B7/34Flash- boards for vertical-lift gates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B7/00Barrages or weirs; Layout, construction, methods of, or devices for, making same
    • E02B7/20Movable barrages; Lock or dry-dock gates
    • E02B7/26Vertical-lift gates
    • E02B7/36Elevating mechanisms for vertical-lift gates

Abstract

A multi-hole gate directly utilizes the rapid stream of rivers to adjust the flow velocity of water through the gate, so as to obtain uniform and uniform flow velocity suitable for swimming, and meet the requirements of a boat-type swimming pool. In order to obtain larger flowing water area, through holes uniformly distributed on the movable flashboard and the fixed flashboard are square or rectangular; in order to ensure that the movable flashboard and the fixed flashboard can block the through holes mutually, the nearest distance M between the edges of two adjacent through holes in the moving direction is more than or equal to the size of the through holes in the vertical direction; in order to obtain larger water passing area, the distance N between two adjacent through hole edges in the horizontal direction is smaller than the size of the through hole in the horizontal direction. In order to obtain a larger water passing area, the size of the through hole in the vertical direction is smaller than that in the horizontal direction, and the vertical direction refers to the moving direction of the movable flashboard. The distance of the movable flashboard moving from the upper opening state to the lower closing state is a stroke, and the length of the stroke is half of the center distance of two adjacent through holes in the moving direction.

Description

Porous gate
Technical Field
The invention relates to a gate, in particular: the porous gate of the invention can adjust the flow rate through the gate, and can obtain uniform flow rate in the whole gate area.
Background
The problem is solved that a lot of people live beside the torrential river water, see clear water and cannot swim, firstly, the people are flushed far after the water is discharged because of the rapid flow speed, and secondly, the swimming is unsafe because of the discarded fishing nets or fishhooks in the water. When the vehicle only has to take a ride for two to three hours, the vehicle goes to a gentle river section to swim, but the time cost is too high. Chinese patent application No.: 201610850781.2, swimming pool with adjustable water depth, an operation boat and a swimmer reception boat, a plurality of groups of support boats are arranged in the middle, and the boats are connected into a whole by screwing a larger screw, a waterproof pad and a nut to form an 'indoor' swimming pool in a 'mouth' shape boat; the two support ships lift a main force beam like a tower crane beam together, and the bottom lifting column lifts a bracket at the bottom of the swimming pool, the stop bars at two sides and a steel wire mesh at the bottom of the swimming pool; the power drives the worm wheel through the chain wheel, the chain and the worm, drives the screw tooth column to be matched with the nut column, and the screw is twisted in and twisted out, so that the water depth can be adjusted by extending and shortening the support column of the connecting ship and the support column of the connecting beam. This patent application can only adjust the depth of water of swimming pool, can not adjust the velocity of flow of water, is unsuitable to be used in the river of torrent, if put into torrent with this kind of ship, the water in the swimming pool is too urgent, need follow the flow direction of water, at the terminal surface installation special gate of ship formula swimming pool, just can make the water in the swimming pool even, the equipartition, let the velocity of flow steerable thereby obtain the velocity of flow that is fit for swimming, this application will try to provide a porous gate and satisfy this demand.
Chinese patent application No.: 201810684008.2, a water sluicegate, includes mount (1) and gate board (6), mount (1) top is equipped with extends frame (2), it is the mouth font to extend frame (2), just it has filter screen (3) to extend frame (2) inboard to inlay, filter screen (3) inside evenly cloth has filtration pore (6), mount (1) inside is equipped with directional groove (9), mount (1) one side is equipped with fixed gate board (5), fixed gate board (5) top is equipped with first small hole region (7), first small hole region (7) occupy 1/2 of fixed gate board (5) total area, fixed gate board (5) top is equipped with activity gate board (4), the height of activity gate board (4) is 2/3 of mount (1), just activity gate board (4) bottom is equipped with second small hole region (8), the number and the size of the leakage holes (8) of the second leakage hole area are matched with those of the leakage holes (8) of the first leakage hole area. The purpose of this patent application is not to regulate the flow rate in the swimming pool, so its structure, the filter screen (3) is inlaid in the extension frame (2) above its leak hole (8), the leak hole (8) can not be arranged on the surface layer of water. The hole area leakage holes (8) are circular, the horizontal and vertical spacing distances are equal, the maximum through hole area cannot be obtained, and more effective flow velocity is obtained. The movable gate plate 4 in fig. 3 is a flat plate on the top and has a second perforated area 8 on the bottom, and with this porous structure, the movable gate only needs half of the stroke of the adjacent two hole distances and does not need as large a stroke as that used in the present document. In summary, this patent application for water sluices, cannot be directly used as a sluice for a boat swimming pool.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to further improve the porous gate, the invention aims to provide the porous gate, the torrent of the river is directly utilized, the flow velocity of water is regulated through the gate, the uniform flow velocity suitable for swimming is obtained, and the requirement of the boat-type swimming pool is met.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the left side and the right side of the gate frame are provided with sliding chutes, and the movable gate plate is inserted into the sliding chutes and can slide up and down in the sliding chutes; the sliding stroke of the movable flashboard relative to the fixed flashboard is half of the central distance of two adjacent through holes in the moving direction; the front of the movable gate plate is provided with a fixed gate plate, the planes of the movable gate plate and the fixed gate plate are mutually attached and can move mutually, and the fixed gate plate is fixed on the gate frame; a push-pull rod is arranged on the movable flashboard, and the push-pull rod can drive the movable flashboard to move simultaneously when moving; through holes A are uniformly distributed on the movable flashboard, through holes B are uniformly distributed on the fixed flashboard, the hole distances between the through holes A and the through holes B are equal, and the sizes and the shapes of the through holes A and the through holes B are the same; in order to obtain larger flowing water area, through holes uniformly distributed on the movable flashboard and the fixed flashboard are square or rectangular; (the stroke of the gate is related to the diameter of the through hole, the larger the stroke, the larger the diameter of the through hole can be, in order to ensure that the movable gate plate and the fixed gate plate can block the through hole mutually, the closest distance between two adjacent through hole edges in the moving direction is also directly limited, and the closest distance M between two adjacent through hole edges in the moving direction is more than or equal to the size of the vertical direction of the through hole, if a round through hole is adopted, the maximum diameter is less than the distance of the gate stroke, the area of the maximum diameter can be increased by four corners of a square hole with the same side length and diameter, so that a larger flowing water area can be obtained; the vertical direction of the gate stroke is not directly related to the width size of the through hole, in order to obtain a larger flowing water area, the distance N between two adjacent through hole edges in the horizontal direction is less than the size of the horizontal direction of the through hole, the nearest distance M between two adjacent through hole edges in the moving direction is greater than or equal to the size of the through hole in the vertical direction; in order to obtain larger water passing area, the distance N between two adjacent through hole edges in the horizontal direction is smaller than the size of the through hole in the horizontal direction. In order to obtain a larger water passing area, the size of the through hole in the vertical direction is smaller than that in the horizontal direction, and the vertical direction refers to the moving direction of the movable flashboard. The human body swims on the surface layer of water, the gate framework is arranged on the surface layer of water and is higher than the water surface, and through holes uniformly distributed on the movable gate plate and the fixed gate plate are arranged in the water.
When the movable gate plate is pulled upwards to a proper position, the through hole A on the movable gate plate is aligned with the through hole B on the fixed gate plate, and the porous gate is in a maximum opening state. When the movable gate plate is pushed downwards to a position, the through hole A on the movable gate plate is blocked by a plane between the through hole B on the fixed gate plate and the through hole B, meanwhile, the through hole B on the fixed gate plate is blocked by a flat plate between the through hole A on the movable gate plate and the through hole A, and at the moment, the porous gate is in a closed state. The distance of the movable flashboard from the upper opening state to the lower closing state is a stroke, and the length of the stroke is half of the central distance of two adjacent through holes in the moving direction; when the movable gate plate moves from the closing state of the porous gate to the opening state of the porous gate, the opening areas of the through holes A and the through holes B are larger and larger, the flow can be adjusted in this way, the through holes A and the through holes B are uniformly distributed, and uniform flow velocity can be obtained in the area of the whole porous gate. The push-pull rod moves to drive the movable flashboard to move simultaneously; the push-pull rod is driven by a screw rod or an oil cylinder or an air cylinder.
The invention has the advantages that the multi-hole gate directly utilizes the rapid stream of rivers and adjusts the flow velocity of water through the gate to obtain uniform and evenly distributed flowing water and flow velocity suitable for swimming, thereby providing a gate with excellent performance for the boat-type swimming pool. Through holes uniformly distributed on the movable flashboard and the fixed flashboard are square or rectangular, so that a larger flowing area can be obtained; the nearest distance M between the edges of two adjacent through holes in the moving direction is larger than or equal to the size of the through holes in the vertical direction, so that the movable flashboard and the fixed flashboard can be ensured to block the through holes mutually; the distance N between two adjacent through hole edges in the horizontal direction is smaller than the size of the through holes in the horizontal direction, so that a larger water passing area is obtained. The size of the through hole in the vertical direction is smaller than that in the horizontal direction, so that a larger water passing area is obtained. The distance of the movable flashboard moving from the upper opening state to the lower closing state is a stroke, the length of the stroke is half of the central distance of two adjacent through holes in the moving direction, and the stroke is short, so that the rigidity of the push-pull rod is facilitated, and the rigidity of the piston rod of the cylinder or the oil cylinder is facilitated.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an open porous shutter.
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a closed porous shutter.
FIG. 3 is an exploded schematic view of the porous shutter.
In the figure, 1 is a movable gate plate, 11 is a through hole A, 12 is a push-pull rod, 2 is a gate frame, 21 is a push-pull rod hole, 22 is a chute, 3 is a fixed gate plate, 31 is a closest distance between two adjacent through hole edges in the moving direction, M is a closest distance between two adjacent through hole edges in the horizontal direction, and N is a distance between two adjacent through hole edges in the horizontal direction.
Detailed Description
In the figure, the movable shutter plate 1, a through hole a11, a push-pull rod 12, a shutter frame 2, a push-pull rod hole 21, a chute 22, a fixed shutter plate 3 and a through hole B31.
The left side and the right side of the gate frame 2 are provided with chutes 22, and the movable gate plate 1 is inserted into the chute 22 and can slide up and down in the chute 22;
the sliding stroke of the movable flashboard 1 relative to the fixed flashboard 3 is half of the central distance of two adjacent through holes in the moving direction;
the front of the movable gate plate 1 is provided with a fixed gate plate 3, the planes of the movable gate plate 1 and the fixed gate plate 3 are mutually attached and can move mutually, and the fixed gate plate 3 is fixed on the gate frame 2;
a push-pull rod 12 is arranged on the movable flashboard 1, and the push-pull rod 12 can drive the movable flashboard 1 to move simultaneously when moving;
through holes A11 are uniformly distributed on the movable gate plate 1, through holes B31 are uniformly distributed on the fixed gate plate 3, the distance between the through holes A11 and the through holes B31 is equal, and the size and the shape of the through holes A11 and the through holes B31 are the same;
in order to obtain larger flowing area, through holes uniformly distributed on the movable flashboard 1 and the fixed flashboard 3 are square or rectangular;
in order to ensure that the movable flashboard 1 and the fixed flashboard 3 can block the through holes mutually, the nearest distance M between the edges of two adjacent through holes in the moving direction is more than or equal to the size of the through holes in the vertical direction;
in order to obtain larger water passing area, the distance N between two adjacent through hole edges in the horizontal direction is smaller than the size of the through hole in the horizontal direction.
In order to obtain a larger water passing area, the dimension of the through hole in the vertical direction is smaller than the dimension in the horizontal direction, and the vertical direction refers to the moving direction of the movable gate plate 1.
The human body swims on the surface layer of water, the gate frame 2 is arranged on the surface layer of water and is higher than the water surface, and through holes uniformly distributed on the movable gate plate 1 and the fixed gate plate 3 are arranged in the water.
The method of using the porous gate, see the schematic view of the open porous gate in fig. 1, when the movable gate 1 is pulled up to the position, the through hole a11 on the movable gate 1 and the through hole B31 on the fixed gate 3 are aligned with each other, and the porous gate is in the maximum open state. Referring to fig. 2, the schematic view of the closed multihole gate, when the movable gate plate 1 is pushed down to the position, the through hole a11 on the movable gate plate 1 is blocked by the plane between the through hole B31 and the through hole B31 on the fixed gate plate 3, referring to the width indicated by M in the figure, and at the same time, the through hole B31 on the fixed gate plate 3 is blocked by the flat plate between the through hole a11 and the through hole a11 on the movable gate plate 1, referring to the width indicated by M in the figure, and the multihole gate is in the closed state. The distance of the movable flashboard 1 from the upper opening state to the lower closing state is a stroke, and the length of the stroke is half of the central distance of two adjacent through holes in the moving direction; when the movable gate plate 1 moves from the closed state of the porous gate to the maximum open state of the porous gate, the opening areas of the through hole A11 and the through hole B31 are larger and larger, the flow can be adjusted in this way, the through hole A11 and the through hole B31 are uniformly distributed, and uniform flow velocity can be obtained in the whole area of the porous gate. The push-pull rod 12 moves to drive the movable flashboard 1 to move simultaneously; the push-pull rod 12 is driven by a screw rod or an oil cylinder or an air cylinder.

Claims (3)

1. Porous gate, characterized by: the left side and the right side of the gate frame are provided with sliding chutes, and the movable gate plate is inserted into the sliding chutes and can slide up and down in the sliding chutes;
the sliding stroke of the movable flashboard relative to the fixed flashboard is half of the central distance of two adjacent through holes in the moving direction;
the front of the movable gate plate is provided with a fixed gate plate, the planes of the movable gate plate and the fixed gate plate are mutually attached and can move mutually, and the fixed gate plate is fixed on the gate frame;
a push-pull rod is arranged on the movable flashboard, and the push-pull rod can drive the movable flashboard to move simultaneously when moving;
through holes (A) are uniformly distributed on the movable flashboard, through holes (B) are uniformly distributed on the fixed flashboard, the hole distances between the through holes (A) and the through holes (B) are equal, and the through holes (A) and the through holes (B) have the same size and shape;
in order to obtain larger flowing water area, through holes uniformly distributed on the movable flashboard and the fixed flashboard are square or rectangular;
in order to ensure that the movable flashboard and the fixed flashboard can block the through holes mutually, the nearest distance (M) between the edges of two adjacent through holes in the moving direction is more than or equal to the size of the through holes in the vertical direction;
in order to obtain larger water passing area, the distance (N) between two adjacent through hole edges in the horizontal direction is smaller than the size of the through hole in the horizontal direction.
In order to obtain a larger water passing area, the size of the through hole in the vertical direction is smaller than that in the horizontal direction, and the vertical direction refers to the moving direction of the movable flashboard.
2. The porous gate of claim 1, wherein: the human body swims on the surface layer of water, the gate framework is arranged on the surface layer of water and is higher than the water surface, and through holes uniformly distributed on the movable gate plate and the fixed gate plate are arranged in the water.
3. The method of using a multi-aperture gate of claim one, wherein: when the movable gate plate is pulled upwards to a proper position, the through hole (A) on the movable gate plate is aligned with the through hole (B) on the fixed gate plate, and the porous gate is in a maximum opening state. When the movable gate plate is pushed downwards to a position, the through hole (A) on the movable gate plate is blocked by a plane between the through hole (B) on the fixed gate plate and the through hole (B), and meanwhile, the through hole (B) on the fixed gate plate is blocked by a flat plate between the through hole (A) on the movable gate plate and the through hole (A), and at the moment, the porous gate is in a closed state. The distance of the movable flashboard from the upper opening state to the lower closing state is a stroke, and the length of the stroke is half of the central distance of two adjacent through holes in the moving direction; when the movable gate plate moves from the closing state of the porous gate to the opening state of the porous gate, the opening areas of the through holes (A) and the through holes (B) are larger and larger, the flow can be adjusted in such a way, the through holes (A) and the through holes (B) are uniformly distributed, and uniform flow velocity can be obtained in the area of the whole porous gate. The push-pull rod moves to drive the movable flashboard to move simultaneously; the push-pull rod is driven by a screw rod or an oil cylinder or an air cylinder.
CN201911009047.3A 2019-10-23 2019-10-23 Porous gate Withdrawn CN110700197A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911009047.3A CN110700197A (en) 2019-10-23 2019-10-23 Porous gate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911009047.3A CN110700197A (en) 2019-10-23 2019-10-23 Porous gate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110700197A true CN110700197A (en) 2020-01-17

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CN201911009047.3A Withdrawn CN110700197A (en) 2019-10-23 2019-10-23 Porous gate

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112176958A (en) * 2020-10-16 2021-01-05 湖南九耐环保科技发展有限公司 Flood discharge gate with adjustable hydraulic engineering uses
CN115404825A (en) * 2022-08-24 2022-11-29 江西容大建工集团有限公司 Over-and-under type water sluicegate for hydraulic engineering
CN115559278A (en) * 2022-12-05 2023-01-03 黑龙江省水利科学研究院 Lifting valve for water right distribution of irrigation water users and distribution method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0931948A (en) * 1995-07-19 1997-02-04 Kubota Corp Movable dam
CN202559311U (en) * 2012-04-25 2012-11-28 安徽省繁昌县皖南阀门铸造有限公司 Gate with adjustable discharge water level
CN104831676A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-08-12 陈菊芳 Tail gate of water trough
CN206319304U (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-07-11 三峡大学 Wrong cellular type gate for irrigating type sluice
CN206635726U (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-11-14 三峡大学 A kind of horizontal sliding gate of small rural
CN207597354U (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-07-10 三峡大学 A kind of horizontal startup gate
CN108842729A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-20 东莞唯度电子科技服务有限公司 A kind of water conservancy gate

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0931948A (en) * 1995-07-19 1997-02-04 Kubota Corp Movable dam
CN202559311U (en) * 2012-04-25 2012-11-28 安徽省繁昌县皖南阀门铸造有限公司 Gate with adjustable discharge water level
CN104831676A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-08-12 陈菊芳 Tail gate of water trough
CN206319304U (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-07-11 三峡大学 Wrong cellular type gate for irrigating type sluice
CN206635726U (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-11-14 三峡大学 A kind of horizontal sliding gate of small rural
CN207597354U (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-07-10 三峡大学 A kind of horizontal startup gate
CN108842729A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-20 东莞唯度电子科技服务有限公司 A kind of water conservancy gate

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112176958A (en) * 2020-10-16 2021-01-05 湖南九耐环保科技发展有限公司 Flood discharge gate with adjustable hydraulic engineering uses
CN115404825A (en) * 2022-08-24 2022-11-29 江西容大建工集团有限公司 Over-and-under type water sluicegate for hydraulic engineering
CN115404825B (en) * 2022-08-24 2023-07-21 江西容大建工集团有限公司 Lifting type water conservancy gate for hydraulic engineering
CN115559278A (en) * 2022-12-05 2023-01-03 黑龙江省水利科学研究院 Lifting valve for water right distribution of irrigation water users and distribution method

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Application publication date: 20200117

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