CN110695776A - Automatic cutter grinding system and use method thereof - Google Patents

Automatic cutter grinding system and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110695776A
CN110695776A CN201810751280.8A CN201810751280A CN110695776A CN 110695776 A CN110695776 A CN 110695776A CN 201810751280 A CN201810751280 A CN 201810751280A CN 110695776 A CN110695776 A CN 110695776A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutter
grinding
module
grinding wheel
sharpener
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810751280.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘健
肖志德
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Suzhou Baigu Cnc Technology Co Ltd
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Suzhou Baigu Cnc Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Suzhou Baigu Cnc Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Suzhou Baigu Cnc Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810751280.8A priority Critical patent/CN110695776A/en
Publication of CN110695776A publication Critical patent/CN110695776A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B3/00Sharpening cutting edges, e.g. of tools; Accessories therefor, e.g. for holding the tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/04Headstocks; Working-spindles; Features relating thereto
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B51/00Arrangements for automatic control of a series of individual steps in grinding a workpiece

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic cutter grinding system and a using method thereof, and the automatic cutter grinding system comprises a cutter grinder and a manipulator communicated with the cutter grinder, wherein the cutter grinder comprises a machine body, a grinding wheel fixing device, a cutter fixing device and an air cylinder used for pushing the cutter fixing device are arranged on the machine body, a grinding wheel warehouse is fixed on the grinding wheel fixing device, and meanwhile, the automatic cutter grinding system also comprises a control system. The system of the invention combines the parameters of the grinding wheel, the processing parameters, the mechanism parameters and the inspection parameters, automatically carries out geometric calculation, and then unifies and obtains all paths for grinding the cutter, thereby realizing automatic grinding of the cutter and having high precision. And grinding by using grinding oil, so that the surface smoothness is good. Meanwhile, the mode of robot feeding and discharging and automatic grinding wheel replacement is combined, so that the cyclic utilization of the cutter is better realized, the cost is saved, and the benefit is improved.

Description

Automatic cutter grinding system and use method thereof
Technical Field
The invention particularly relates to an automatic cutter grinding system and a using method thereof.
Background
There are two kinds of sharpeners in the existing market, one is a pure manual sharpedge grinding machine, and the other is a semi-automatic sharpedge grinding machine. Although the cutter with different angles can be ground by pure hand, the requirement on technical workers is high: high technical content, difficult experience accumulation, high labor intensity, time and labor waste. A semi-automatic knife grinder features that a motor drives a grinding wheel to rotate, a knife is manually close to the grinding wheel, and the high-speed rotation of grinding wheel is used to grind the knife, which is limited by the locating pin of knife grinder. However, the method does not need grinding oil for grinding, so that the surface of the tool after grinding is rough; the positioning pin is fixed, the grinding wheel is worn after the equipment is used for a long time, and once the grinding wheel is worn, the precision of the grinded cutter is greatly reduced; meanwhile, the knife sharpener is single in knife repairing and grinding type, difficult to repair and poor in adaptability.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an automatic cutter grinding system and a using method thereof aiming at the problems of the background technology, the system can realize automatic grinding, reduce manual operation and improve cutter precision; meanwhile, the system also provides grinding by using grinding oil, so that the surface finish of the cutter is improved.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows: an automatic sharpening cutter system comprises a sharpener and a manipulator communicated with the sharpener, wherein the sharpener comprises a sharpener body, a grinding wheel fixing device, a cutter fixing device and a cylinder for pushing the cutter fixing device are arranged on the sharpener body, a grinding wheel library is fixed on the grinding wheel fixing device, and meanwhile, the sharpening machine further comprises a control system, the control system comprises a control module, a zeroing module, a grinding wheel library module, a parameter modeling module, a speed setting module and a motion module, the zeroing module is connected with the control module and used for checking safety conditions, recovering and recording shaft positions and resetting the cylinder of the sharpener, the grinding wheel library module is used for calling a grinding wheel, the parameter modeling module is used for calculating detailed sharpening cutter paths, the speed setting module is used for carrying out speed planning on the sharpening paths, the motion module is used for enabling the motor to move along the planned installation path.
Further, still be provided with the tool setting sensor on the organism, the tool setting sensor includes a length sensor and an angle sensor, wherein, the length sensor is used for fixing a position the length of tool setting, and most angle sensors are used for detecting the direction of blade.
Further, still be provided with output input device on the sharpedge grinding machine, output input device include with the keyboard that control module connects, the display screen, and wherein the display screen is touch display screen.
Furthermore, the knife sharpener is also provided with a three-color lamp, and the working state of the knife sharpener is displayed through color change of the three-color lamp.
Furthermore, the machine body is also provided with a protective door, the protective door is closed when the machine body works, and the protective door is opened when a tool is to be installed and unloaded.
The invention also provides a using method of the automatic cutter grinding system, which comprises the following steps:
1. opening the knife sharpener, checking whether the connecting hardware is correct or not through a zero resetting module in the control system, checking whether the external environment is in a safe state or not, and initializing the external hardware;
2. selecting the type of a cutter to be ground and a grinding wheel for grinding the cutter;
3. setting specific parameters, wherein the parameters specifically comprise: whether the end face is ground, whether the thick cutter face is ground, whether the side edge is ground, whether fine grinding is needed, and the like; basic parameters of the cutter, diameter, angle of a rear cutter face, a vertex angle, a front angle and the like; correction parameters, flank correction, angle correction and position correction;
4. the operation is started.
Furthermore, in the tool setting process, the length of the tool is checked firstly, and then the direction of the cutting edge is detected.
Furthermore, the grinding wheel is automatically stored in the grinding wheel library, then a user selects a grinding wheel in the tool parameter interface, and finally, in the machining process, the system can select the selected grinding wheel from the grinding wheel library by using the transmission device according to the grinding wheel selected by the user and fix the selected grinding wheel.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the system of the invention combines the parameters of the grinding wheel, the processing parameters, the mechanism parameters and the inspection parameters, automatically carries out geometric calculation, and then unifies and obtains all paths for grinding the cutter, thereby realizing automatic grinding of the cutter and having high precision. And grinding by using grinding oil, so that the surface smoothness is good. Meanwhile, the mode of robot feeding and discharging and automatic grinding wheel replacement is combined, so that the cyclic utilization of the cutter is better realized, the cost is saved, and the benefit is improved.
Drawings
The invention is further described with reference to the following figures and examples:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the cutter system;
FIG. 2 illustrates a method of using the knife sharpener;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the control system;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a zeroing module;
FIG. 5 shows a method of operation of the grinding wheel library module;
FIG. 6 is a method of operation of the parametric modeling module;
wherein: 1. grinding wheel fixing device, 2, grinding wheel storehouse, 3, display screen, 4, three-color lamp.
Detailed Description
Example (b): referring to fig. 1, the automatic cutter sharpening system provided by the invention comprises a knife sharpener and a manipulator communicated with the knife sharpener, wherein the knife sharpener comprises a sharpener body, a grinding wheel fixing device 1, a cutter fixing device and an air cylinder for pushing the cutter fixing device are arranged on the sharpener body, and a grinding wheel warehouse 2 is fixed on the grinding wheel fixing device.
The system also comprises a control system, wherein the control system comprises a control module, and a zero resetting module, a grinding wheel library module, a parameter modeling module, a speed setting module and a motion module which are connected with the control module, wherein the zero resetting module is a starting module in the system and is responsible for checking the safety condition of equipment, recovering and recording the position of a shaft, resetting an air cylinder and other functions. After the return-to-zero module operates, firstly checking whether the air pressure and the safety door are in a safe state, then checking the position of the air cylinder, and if the air cylinder is not at the starting position, operating the air cylinder; and finally, zeroing each axis according to the sequence, and recording the current position of each axis. If the cylinder acts and each axis is abnormal in the zero resetting process, the equipment can prompt, manual processing is needed, then the zero resetting module is continuously executed, and the next step of work can not be carried out until the zero resetting is successful, wherein the zero resetting module is shown in fig. 4.
And the grinding wheel library module. Because different cutters are polished, the shapes of the used grinding wheels are possibly different, and the grinding wheel library module can enable a customer to conveniently, quickly and correctly call the grinding wheels. The grinding wheel library module is realized by a method shown in 5, grinding wheels are classified, such as E4, DR, DL, OS and the like, and then the same grinding wheel is classified into materials: grinding high speed steel and grinding tungsten steel; meanwhile, each grinding wheel and the parameters are displayed by corresponding pictures, so that different grinding wheels are visually distinguished; and finally, the grinding wheel name and the use times of the grinding wheel can be modified, so that a user can distinguish different grinding wheels.
The parameter modeling module is a main module in the system, and performs geometric calculation by combining grinding wheel parameters, processing parameters, mechanical parameters and detection parameters to finally obtain an accurate detailed coping tool path. The parametric modeling module is actually a geometric computation module, which contains a number of mathematical algorithms. The module implementation method is as shown in fig. 6, after a result is obtained through a geometric algorithm, a path which a cutter travels is planned after a position of a grinding wheel is set for grinding, the path is decomposed step by step and then connected, and a whole grinding tool path is formed. When planning a path, attention needs to be paid to the selection direction of the grinding wheel, and attention needs to be paid to an avoidance area of the grinding wheel at the same time, so that cutter collision is avoided.
The speed setting module carries out speed planning on each grinding path after all paths of the grinding cutter are obtained. When the grinding is needed, the speed needs to be slowed down a little; when the grinding wheel grinds the cutter, the grinding speed is a little faster when the grinding wheel surface contacts with the cutter, and on the contrary, when the grinding wheel grinds the cutter, the grinding speed is a little slower when the grinding wheel line contacts with the cutter; the speed is the maximum speed when the walking is idle. Meanwhile, the speed of each step can be set and modified by a user, so that the grinding efficiency is improved.
The motion module is used for setting the speed when the path of the sharpening tool is planned. The module enables the motor to move to execute the planned action according to the planned cutter path. And meanwhile, displaying detailed information in the processing process of each step in the movement process, such as the processing position, the processing times, the processing time and the like.
Since the steps of sharpening the cutter are separated and then combined step by step, the efficiency is very low since the steps are performed step by step. In order to improve the efficiency, under the condition of no collision, the system adds a path optimization idea, carries out some steps at the same time, and greatly improves the grinding efficiency.
In this embodiment, an output and input device is further disposed on the knife sharpener, and the output and input device includes a keyboard and a display screen 3, which are connected to the control module, and the display screen is a touch display screen.
In this embodiment, the knife sharpener is further provided with a three-color lamp 4, and the working state of the knife sharpener is displayed through color conversion of the three-color lamp 4.
The invention also provides a working process of the knife sharpener, which specifically comprises the following steps as shown in fig. 2:
1. exe (single-edition client) of the application program of the system is started, whether the connection hardware is correct or not is checked, whether the external environment is in a safe state or not is checked, and the external hardware is initialized.
2. The outer cylinder is set to the starting state and then the shafts are sequentially zeroed in order to set the outer all components to the starting state.
3. The type of the cutter to be polished is selected, and the types of the cutter of the system comprise a milling cutter, a drill bit, a chamfering cutter, a screw tap, a T-shaped cutter, a step drill, a forming cutter, a ball cutter and the like;
4. selecting a grinding wheel for grinding the cutter, checking whether the size of the grinding wheel and the corrected size are correct or not, and then determining to enter a cutter parameter interface;
5. there are several broad categories of tool parameters. Functional parameters, such as whether the end face is ground, whether the thick cutter face is ground, whether the side edge is ground, whether fine grinding is needed and the like; basic parameters of the cutter, diameter, angle of a rear cutter face, a vertex angle, a front angle and the like; correction parameters, flank correction, angle correction, position correction and the like;
6. after the cutter parameters are set, after pressing is started, the system sends an instruction to the robot, then the robot automatically loads the cutter, after the loading is finished, the robot sends the instruction to the system, the system closes the door, and then the next operation is carried out;
7. after the tool is loaded and the door is closed, the system automatically switches the grinding wheels according to the selection of the tool grinding wheels;
8. after the grinding wheel is replaced, the equipment carries out tool setting and finally automatic grinding. In the process of automatically grinding the cutter, if an emergency is met, stopping and sudden stopping operations can be carried out. And the step to which the machining process is performed, the number of times the same step is performed, the time of machining, and the like are displayed in detail. After the grinding is finished, the system sends an instruction to the robot to carry out cutter blanking action.
It should be understood that the above-mentioned embodiments are only illustrative of the technical concepts and features of the present invention, and are intended to enable those skilled in the art to understand the contents of the present invention and implement the present invention, and not to limit the scope of the present invention. All modifications made according to the spirit of the main technical scheme of the invention are covered in the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. An automatic sharpening cutter system comprises a sharpener and a manipulator communicated with the sharpener, wherein the sharpener comprises a sharpener body, a grinding wheel fixing device, a cutter fixing device and a cylinder for pushing the cutter fixing device are arranged on the sharpener body, a grinding wheel library is fixed on the grinding wheel fixing device, and meanwhile, the sharpening machine further comprises a control system, the control system comprises a control module, a zeroing module, a grinding wheel library module, a parameter modeling module, a speed setting module and a motion module, the zeroing module is connected with the control module and used for checking safety conditions, recovering and recording shaft positions and resetting the cylinder of the sharpener, the grinding wheel library module is used for calling a grinding wheel, the parameter modeling module is used for calculating detailed sharpening cutter paths, the speed setting module is used for carrying out speed planning on the sharpening paths, the motion module is used for enabling the motor to move along the planned installation path.
2. The automatic sharpening system for cutting tools according to claim 1, wherein the knife sharpener is further provided with an output and input device, the output and input device comprises a keyboard and a display screen connected with the control module, and the display screen is a touch display screen.
3. The automatic sharpening system for the cutting tools according to claim 1, wherein a tri-color lamp is further provided on the sharpener, and the working state of the sharpener is displayed by changing the color of the tri-color lamp.
4. The automatic sharpening system according to claim 1, wherein said machine body further comprises a tool setting sensor, said tool setting sensor comprising a length sensor and an angle sensor.
5. The automatic sharpening tool system according to claim 1, further comprising a protective door disposed on said body.
6. The method for sharpening the cutter by using the automatic cutter sharpening system according to any one of the 1-5 comprises the following steps:
(1) opening the knife sharpener, checking whether the connecting hardware is correct or not through a zero resetting module in the control system, checking whether the external environment is in a safe state or not, and initializing the external hardware;
(2) selecting the type of a cutter to be ground and a grinding wheel for grinding the cutter;
(3) setting specific parameters, wherein the parameters specifically comprise: whether the end face is ground, whether the thick cutter face is ground, whether the side edge is ground, whether fine grinding is needed, and the like; basic parameters of the cutter, diameter, angle of a rear cutter face, a vertex angle, a front angle and the like; correction parameters, flank correction, angle correction and position correction;
(4) and starting operation.
CN201810751280.8A 2018-07-10 2018-07-10 Automatic cutter grinding system and use method thereof Pending CN110695776A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810751280.8A CN110695776A (en) 2018-07-10 2018-07-10 Automatic cutter grinding system and use method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810751280.8A CN110695776A (en) 2018-07-10 2018-07-10 Automatic cutter grinding system and use method thereof

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN110695776A true CN110695776A (en) 2020-01-17

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117102977A (en) * 2023-09-11 2023-11-24 江苏中科云控智能工业装备有限公司 Machine deburring track management system and method based on visual and tactile information
CN117300729A (en) * 2023-10-12 2023-12-29 山东润龙精密机床有限公司 Efficient and precise machining method for normal round holes of special-shaped products based on three-axis machine tool

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CN108214123A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-06-29 苏州中柳精密制造有限公司 A kind of 5-shaft linkage numerical control grinding attachment for being ground nonstandard cutter and blade

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117102977A (en) * 2023-09-11 2023-11-24 江苏中科云控智能工业装备有限公司 Machine deburring track management system and method based on visual and tactile information
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CN117300729A (en) * 2023-10-12 2023-12-29 山东润龙精密机床有限公司 Efficient and precise machining method for normal round holes of special-shaped products based on three-axis machine tool

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