CN110666285A - Automatic walking welding system for arch bridge - Google Patents

Automatic walking welding system for arch bridge Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110666285A
CN110666285A CN201911031901.6A CN201911031901A CN110666285A CN 110666285 A CN110666285 A CN 110666285A CN 201911031901 A CN201911031901 A CN 201911031901A CN 110666285 A CN110666285 A CN 110666285A
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China
Prior art keywords
welding
permanent magnetic
distance
moving module
module
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Application number
CN201911031901.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110666285B (en
Inventor
邓年春
韩玉
王建军
郭晓
杨阳
唐志宇
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Guangxi University
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Guangxi University
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K3/00Tools, devices, or special appurtenances for soldering, e.g. brazing, or unsoldering, not specially adapted for particular methods
    • B23K3/08Auxiliary devices therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K3/00Tools, devices, or special appurtenances for soldering, e.g. brazing, or unsoldering, not specially adapted for particular methods
    • B23K3/06Solder feeding devices; Solder melting pans
    • B23K3/0607Solder feeding devices
    • B23K3/063Solder feeding devices for wire feeding

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic walking welding system for an arch bridge, which comprises a welding power supply cabinet, a wire feeder, an automatic walking welding trolley and a control system, wherein the automatic walking welding trolley comprises a trolley body, a distance-adjustable permanent magnetic wheel module, a longitudinal moving module, a transverse moving module, a welding gun and a wire feeding pipe; the automatic walking welding trolley has the characteristics of light weight, small size, convenience in operation and the like, is used for replacing a high-altitude arch rib manual welding mode, can ensure construction safety, reduce labor intensity of workers, improve welding efficiency and ensure welding seam quality, and the distance between two permanent magnetic wheels can be adjusted through the distance-adjustable permanent magnetic wheel module so as to adapt to arch rib welding of different pipe diameters.

Description

Automatic walking welding system for arch bridge
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of welding technology, engineering major and bridge engineering, in particular to an automatic walking welding system for an arch bridge.
Background
The steel tube concrete arch bridge arch rib is formed by assembling and welding a plurality of steel tube segments, the arch rib is divided into a plurality of segments, all the steel tube segments are prefabricated in a factory, and after being hoisted on site, all the segments are welded respectively.
Most of the existing welding modes are manual welding, the manual welding cannot ensure the construction safety, the labor intensity of the worker construction is high, and the welding quality and the welding efficiency have larger defects, the automatic walking welding trolley is a driving mechanism for realizing the welding of the arch ribs of the concrete filled steel tube arch bridge, the automatic walking welding trolley is placed at the welding seams of the arch ribs and drives a welding gun to walk along the outer wall of a steel tube to do circular motion, which is the key for realizing the welding of the arch ribs of the concrete filled steel tube arch bridge, the automatic walking welding trolley has the characteristics of light weight, small size, convenient operation and the like, the control system can control the welding gun of the automatic walking welding trolley to move up and down and left and right, and control the walking speed of a permanent magnetic wheel, wire feeding speed and the like, the existing automatic walking welding trolleys cannot be suitable for the welding of the arch ribs with different pipe diameters, so that the, to solve the disadvantages in the prior art.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems, the invention provides an automatic walking welding system for an arch bridge, and the automatic walking welding trolley has the characteristics of light weight, small size, convenience in operation and the like, is used for replacing a high-altitude arch rib manual welding mode, can ensure construction safety, reduce labor intensity of workers, improve welding efficiency and ensure welding seam quality, and can adjust the distance between two permanent magnetic wheels through a distance-adjustable permanent magnetic wheel module so as to adapt to the welding of arch ribs with different pipe diameters.
The invention provides an arch bridge automatic walking welding system which comprises a welding power supply cabinet, a wire feeder, an automatic walking welding trolley and a control system, wherein the welding power supply cabinet is connected with the wire feeder through a lead, the automatic walking welding trolley comprises a trolley body, a distance-adjustable permanent magnetic wheel module, a longitudinal moving module, a transverse moving module, a welding gun and a wire feeding pipe, the transverse moving module is arranged on the trolley body, the longitudinal moving module is provided with the longitudinal moving module, the longitudinal moving module is provided with the wire feeding pipe, one end of the wire feeding pipe is connected with the wire feeder, the other end of the wire feeding pipe is provided with the welding gun, the distance-adjustable permanent magnetic wheel module is arranged at the bottom of the trolley body, and the welding power supply cabinet, the wire feeder, the distance-adjustable permanent magnetic wheel module, the longitudinal moving module and the transverse moving module are all connected with the.
The further improvement lies in that: the transverse moving module comprises a fixed block, a sleeve block and a hydraulic rod, the fixed block is arranged on the trolley body, the sleeve block is arranged on one side of the fixed block through the hydraulic rod, a sliding groove is formed in the fixed block, and the inner side of the sleeve block is in sliding connection with the sliding groove.
The further improvement lies in that: the longitudinal movement module comprises a Y-axis lead screw, a Y-axis guide rail and a second driving motor, the second driving motor is arranged on the sleeve block, the output end of the second driving motor is provided with the Y-axis lead screw, one end of the Y-axis lead screw is fixed with the sleeve block through a bearing seat, the Y-axis guide rail is arranged on two sides of the Y-axis lead screw, a mounting plate is arranged on the Y-axis guide rail in a sliding mode, and the welding gun is fixed on the mounting plate.
The further improvement lies in that: the distance-adjustable permanent magnetic wheel module comprises a distance-adjustable component and permanent magnetic wheels, wherein the permanent magnetic wheels are symmetrically arranged on the distance-adjustable component.
The further improvement lies in that: the distance adjusting assembly comprises electromagnetic guide rails and sliding blocks, the electromagnetic guide rails are transversely and symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the trolley body, the sliding blocks are arranged on the electromagnetic guide rails, the number of the sliding blocks is two, and permanent magnetic wheels are mounted on the two groups of the sliding blocks.
The further improvement lies in that: the connection part of the wire feeding pipe and the welding gun is provided with an interface, the interface is an internal thread interface, and the welding gun is in threaded connection with the interface.
The further improvement lies in that: the permanent magnetic wheel comprises a driving permanent magnetic wheel set and a driven permanent magnetic wheel set, and an outer ring is detachably arranged on the driven permanent magnetic wheel set.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the automatic walking welding trolley has the characteristics of light weight, small size, convenience in operation and the like, can control a welding gun of the automatic walking welding trolley to move up and down and left and right under the action of the longitudinal moving module and the transverse moving module through the control system, can control the wire feeding speed of the wire feeder, is used for replacing a high-altitude arch rib manual welding mode, can ensure construction safety, reduce labor intensity of workers, improve welding efficiency and ensure welding seam quality, and can adjust the distance between two permanent magnetic wheels through the distance-adjustable permanent magnetic wheel module so as to adapt to arch rib welding with different pipe diameters.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the system of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the automatic traveling welding carriage of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic side view of a lateral shifting module according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic front view of a welding gun mounting structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic front view of a wire feeding tube mounting structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a bottom view of a modular construction of the distance-adjustable permanent magnet wheel of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a front view of the longitudinal moving module of the present invention.
Wherein, 1, welding a power supply cabinet; 2. a wire feeder; 3. the welding trolley automatically travels; 4. a control system; 5. a trolley body; 6. the distance-adjustable permanent magnetic wheel module; 7. a longitudinal movement module; 8. a lateral movement module; 9. a welding gun; 10. a wire feeding pipe; 11. a fixed block; 12. sleeving blocks; 13. a hydraulic lever; 14. a Y-axis lead screw; 15. a Y-axis guide rail; 16. a second drive motor; 17. a chute; 18. mounting a plate; 19. a permanent magnetic wheel; 20. an electromagnetic guide rail; 21. a slider; 22. an interface; 23. an active permanent magnetic wheel set; 24. a driven permanent magnet wheel set; 25. and an outer ring.
Detailed Description
In order to further understand the present invention, the following detailed description will be made with reference to the following examples, which are only used for explaining the present invention and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.
According to the drawings of fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, the welding power supply cabinet 1, the wire feeder 2, the automatic walking welding trolley 3 and the control system 4 are provided, the welding power supply cabinet 1 is connected with the wire feeder 2 through a lead, the automatic walking welding trolley 3 comprises a trolley body 5, a distance-adjustable permanent magnet wheel module 6, a longitudinal moving module 7, a transverse moving module 8, a welding gun 9 and a wire feeding pipe 10, the trolley body 5 is provided with the transverse moving module 8, the transverse moving module 8 is provided with the longitudinal moving module 7, the longitudinal moving module 7 is provided with the wire feeding pipe 10, one end of the wire feeding pipe 10 is connected with the wire feeder 2, the other end of the wire feeding pipe 10 is provided with the welding gun 9, the bottom of the trolley body 5 is provided with the distance-adjustable permanent magnet wheel module 6, and the welding power supply cabinet 1, the wire feeder 2, the distance-adjustable permanent magnet wheel module 6, The longitudinal moving module 7 and the transverse moving module 8 are both connected with the control system 4.
The transverse moving module 8 comprises a fixed block 11, a sleeve block 12 and a hydraulic rod 13, the fixed block 11 is arranged on the trolley body 5, the sleeve block 12 is arranged on one side of the fixed block 11 through the hydraulic rod 13, a sliding groove 17 is formed in the fixed block 11, and the inner side of the sleeve block 12 is in sliding connection with the sliding groove 17.
Longitudinal movement module 7 includes Y axle lead screw 14, Y axle guide rail 15 and second driving motor 16, be equipped with second driving motor 16 on the cover block 12, the 16 output of second driving motor is equipped with Y axle lead screw 14, it is fixed with cover block 12 that the bearing frame is passed through to Y axle lead screw 14 one end, Y axle lead screw 14 both sides are equipped with Y axle guide rail 15, it is equipped with mounting panel 18 to slide on the Y axle guide rail 15, welder 9 fixes on mounting panel 18.
The distance-adjustable permanent magnetic wheel module 6 comprises a distance-adjusting component and permanent magnetic wheels 19, wherein the permanent magnetic wheels 19 are symmetrically arranged on the distance-adjusting component.
The distance adjusting assembly comprises electromagnetic guide rails 20 and sliding blocks 21, the electromagnetic guide rails 20 are transversely and symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the trolley body 5, the sliding blocks 21 are arranged on the electromagnetic guide rails 20, two groups of the sliding blocks 21 are arranged, and permanent magnetic wheels 19 are arranged on the two groups of the sliding blocks 21.
The connection part of the wire feeding pipe 10 and the welding gun 9 is provided with a connector 22, the connector 22 is an internal thread connector, and the welding gun 9 is in threaded connection with the connector 22.
The permanent magnetic wheel 19 comprises a driving permanent magnetic wheel set 23 and a driven permanent magnetic wheel set 24, and an outer ring 25 is detachably arranged on the driven permanent magnetic wheel set 24.
When the welding device is used, the welding power supply cabinet 1 and the wire feeder 2 are placed on an aerial work platform and are communicated with the automatic walking welding trolley 3, the automatic walking welding trolley 3 is placed at a welding seam of an arch rib of a concrete-filled steel tube arch bridge, the wire feeding speed of the wire feeder 2 is adjusted through the control system 4, the current and voltage of the welding power supply cabinet 1 are adjusted, the distance between the sliding blocks 21 is adjusted according to the arch ribs with different pipe diameters, the purpose of adjusting the distance between the permanent magnetic wheels 19 is achieved, then the longitudinal moving module 7 and the transverse moving module 8 are controlled to move, the position of the welding gun 9 is adjusted, the wire feeding pipe 10 synchronously moves in the longitudinal moving module 7 and the transverse moving module 8 in the welding adjusting process, the position of the wire feeding pipe is kept the same as that of the welding gun 9, and then.
The automatic walking welding trolley 3 has the characteristics of light weight, small size, convenience in operation and the like, the welding gun 9 of the automatic walking welding trolley 3 can be controlled to move up and down, left and right under the action of the longitudinal moving module 7 and the transverse moving module 8 through the control system 4, the wire feeding speed of the wire feeder 2 can be controlled, the automatic walking welding trolley is used for replacing a high-altitude arch rib manual welding mode, the construction safety can be guaranteed, the labor intensity of workers can be reduced, the welding efficiency can be improved, the welding seam quality can be guaranteed, and the distance between the two permanent magnetic wheels 19 can be adjusted through the distance-adjustable permanent magnetic wheel module 6 so as to adapt to the arch rib welding with different pipe diameters.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides an automatic walking welding system of arched bridge which characterized in that: the welding wire feeding device comprises a welding power supply cabinet (1), a wire feeder (2), an automatic walking welding trolley (3) and a control system (4), wherein the welding power supply cabinet (1) is connected with the wire feeder (2) through a lead, the automatic walking welding trolley (3) comprises a trolley body (5), a distance-adjustable permanent magnet wheel module (6), a longitudinal moving module (7), a transverse moving module (8), a welding gun (9) and a wire feeding pipe (10), the transverse moving module (8) is arranged on the trolley body (5), the longitudinal moving module (7) is arranged on the transverse moving module (8), the wire feeding pipe (10) is arranged on the longitudinal moving module (7), one end of the wire feeding pipe (10) is connected with the wire feeder (2), the other end of the wire feeding pipe (10) is provided with the welding gun (9), the distance-adjustable permanent magnet wheel module (6) is arranged at the bottom of the trolley body (5), the welding power supply cabinet (1), the wire feeder (2), the distance-adjustable permanent magnetic wheel module (6), the longitudinal moving module (7) and the transverse moving module (8) are all connected with the control system (4).
2. The bridge automated walking welding system of claim 1, wherein: the transverse moving module (8) comprises a fixed block (11), a sleeve block (12) and a hydraulic rod (13), the fixed block (11) is arranged on the trolley body (5), the sleeve block (12) is arranged on one side of the fixed block (11) through the hydraulic rod (13), a sliding groove (17) is formed in the fixed block (11), and the inner side of the sleeve block (12) is connected with the sliding groove (17) in a sliding mode.
3. The bridge automated walking welding system of claim 2, wherein: vertical removal module (7) include Y axle lead screw (14), Y axle guide rail (15) and second driving motor (16), be equipped with second driving motor (16) on cover block (12), second driving motor (16) output is equipped with Y axle lead screw (14), Y axle lead screw (14) one end is passed through the bearing frame and is fixed with cover block (12), Y axle lead screw (14) both sides are equipped with Y axle guide rail (15), it is equipped with mounting panel (18) to slide on Y axle guide rail (15), welder (9) are fixed on mounting panel (18).
4. The bridge automated walking welding system of claim 1, wherein: the distance-adjustable permanent magnetic wheel module (6) comprises a distance-adjustable component and permanent magnetic wheels (19), wherein the permanent magnetic wheels (19) are symmetrically arranged on the distance-adjustable component.
5. The bridge automated walking welding system of claim 4, wherein: the distance adjusting assembly comprises electromagnetic guide rails (20) and sliding blocks (21), the electromagnetic guide rails (20) are transversely and symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the trolley body (5), the sliding blocks (21) are arranged on the electromagnetic guide rails (20), the sliding blocks (21) are provided with two groups, and permanent magnetic wheels (19) are arranged on the two groups of sliding blocks (21).
6. The bridge automated walking welding system of claim 1, wherein: the connection part of the wire feeding pipe (10) and the welding gun (9) is provided with an interface (22), the interface (22) is an internal thread interface, and the welding gun (9) is in threaded connection with the interface (22).
7. The bridge automated walking welding system of claim 4, wherein: the permanent magnetic wheel (19) comprises a driving permanent magnetic wheel set (23) and a driven permanent magnetic wheel set (24), and an outer ring (25) is detachably arranged on the driven permanent magnetic wheel set (24).
CN201911031901.6A 2019-10-28 2019-10-28 Automatic walking welding system for arch bridge Active CN110666285B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911031901.6A CN110666285B (en) 2019-10-28 2019-10-28 Automatic walking welding system for arch bridge

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911031901.6A CN110666285B (en) 2019-10-28 2019-10-28 Automatic walking welding system for arch bridge

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CN110666285A true CN110666285A (en) 2020-01-10
CN110666285B CN110666285B (en) 2021-07-09

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3702916A (en) * 1971-01-04 1972-11-14 Uzina De Autocamioane Steagul Welding unit for motor car wheels
JPS61209775A (en) * 1985-03-13 1986-09-18 Mitsumasa Funada Welding device for tight frame
CN2323900Y (en) * 1998-04-01 1999-06-16 北京石油化工学院 Memory tracking automatic arc-welding cart
CN2675323Y (en) * 2004-02-10 2005-02-02 何惠平 Automatic welding cart with/without external power supply
CN103921008A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-07-16 浙江大地钢结构有限公司 Box body interior welding device
CN205184016U (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-04-27 吉林市金易科焊接技术有限公司 Full position welding robot of portable trolley -bus
CN105583502A (en) * 2014-10-20 2016-05-18 五冶集团上海有限公司 Semi-automatic welding small vehicle
CN208467588U (en) * 2018-07-02 2019-02-05 昱匠自动化技术(唐山)有限公司 A kind of welding system of robot

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3702916A (en) * 1971-01-04 1972-11-14 Uzina De Autocamioane Steagul Welding unit for motor car wheels
JPS61209775A (en) * 1985-03-13 1986-09-18 Mitsumasa Funada Welding device for tight frame
CN2323900Y (en) * 1998-04-01 1999-06-16 北京石油化工学院 Memory tracking automatic arc-welding cart
CN2675323Y (en) * 2004-02-10 2005-02-02 何惠平 Automatic welding cart with/without external power supply
CN103921008A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-07-16 浙江大地钢结构有限公司 Box body interior welding device
CN105583502A (en) * 2014-10-20 2016-05-18 五冶集团上海有限公司 Semi-automatic welding small vehicle
CN205184016U (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-04-27 吉林市金易科焊接技术有限公司 Full position welding robot of portable trolley -bus
CN208467588U (en) * 2018-07-02 2019-02-05 昱匠自动化技术(唐山)有限公司 A kind of welding system of robot

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