CN110656804B - Electric power grid telegraph pole capable of buffering impact force - Google Patents

Electric power grid telegraph pole capable of buffering impact force Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110656804B
CN110656804B CN201910937531.6A CN201910937531A CN110656804B CN 110656804 B CN110656804 B CN 110656804B CN 201910937531 A CN201910937531 A CN 201910937531A CN 110656804 B CN110656804 B CN 110656804B
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China
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rod
net
rotating shaft
rod body
cylinder
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CN201910937531.6A
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CN110656804A (en
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不公告发明人
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GUANGDONG YONGJI ELECTRIC POWER EQUIPMENT FACTORY Co.,Ltd.
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Anhui Huateng Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H12/00Towers; Masts or poles; Chimney stacks; Water-towers; Methods of erecting such structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • E01F15/14Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact specially adapted for local protection, e.g. for bridge piers, for traffic islands
    • E01F15/141Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact specially adapted for local protection, e.g. for bridge piers, for traffic islands for column or post protection

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of power supply engineering, and particularly relates to an electric power grid telegraph pole capable of buffering impact force, which comprises a pole body, wherein an air guide hole, fan blades, a rotating shaft, a cylinder, a sliding block, a clamping pin and an anti-collision air bag are arranged on the pole body; the middle part of the rod body is provided with a circular air guide hole; the inner wall of the rod body is provided with a rotating shaft at a position corresponding to the air guide hole; the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a fan blade at a position corresponding to the air guide hole; a cylinder is arranged on the inner wall of the rod body below the rotating shaft; a sliding block is connected in the cylinder in a sliding manner and is connected with the rotating shaft through a steel wire rope; a pair of semicircular anti-collision air bags attached to the outer edge of the rod body are arranged on the outer wall of the rod body close to the ground; a trigger is arranged on one side of the rod body close to the road edge; the invention has simple structure, when the automobile deviates from the road, the trigger is triggered, the anti-collision air bag is inflated and expanded, thereby avoiding damaging the telegraph pole and simultaneously protecting the personal safety of the driver and passengers in the automobile.

Description

Electric power grid telegraph pole capable of buffering impact force
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of power supply engineering, and particularly relates to a power grid telegraph pole capable of buffering impact force.
Background
Early utility poles were all started from wooden poles, even including high voltage poles that were not too high in voltage rating. Later, due to the development of reinforcing steel bars and concrete, the concrete pole is manufactured by combining the deep research on the technology and applying the principle of centrifugal force, the cement pole with the same diameter as the reinforced concrete rudiment cement pole replaces most of wood poles, and the cement pole has the characteristics of firmness, durability, corrosion resistance, temperature difference resistance and the like.
The power transmission lines in the mountainous area are generally arranged along a mountain road, the telegraph poles are arranged on one side of the road, the telegraph poles are usually arranged on one side, close to a cliff, of the road at the position where the mountain road turns, the power transmission lines are convenient to erect, and the power transmission lines are prevented from contacting trees on one side of a mountain leaning body of the road. The wire pole often can cause the wire pole to damage because of reasons striking such as brake untimely or sight is unclear when the car turns in the use, and the wire pole in case the fracture is emptyd will cause power transmission to break off, influences people's normal production life activity, leads to the personnel to electrocute even, and the maintenance is also very troublesome, because braking distance is too short and self inertia behind the wire pole of car striking turning department simultaneously, rushes out the road border very easily, falls the cliff, causes the serious traffic accident of car destruction people's death.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a power grid telegraph pole capable of buffering impact force, which aims to make up for the defects of the prior art and solve the problems that when an automobile turns, the automobile is braked untimely and impacts a telegraph pole at a turning position of a mountain road to cause power transmission interruption, and after the automobile impacts the telegraph pole at the turning position, the automobile rushes out of the edge of the road due to too short braking distance and self inertia, falls off a cliff and causes serious traffic accidents of vehicle damage and human death.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention discloses an electric power grid telegraph pole capable of buffering impact force, which comprises a pole body, wherein a wind guide hole, fan blades, a rotating shaft, a cylinder, a sliding block, a clamping pin and an anti-collision air bag are arranged on the pole body; the rod body is a hollow concrete circular pipe, and the middle part of the rod body is provided with a circular air guide hole; a rotating shaft is arranged on the inner wall of the rod body and corresponds to the air guide hole, and the rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the rod body; the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a fan blade at a position corresponding to the air guide hole, and the fan blade can rotate around the rotating shaft; a cylinder is arranged on the inner wall of the rod body below the rotating shaft, the cylinder is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the rod body through a support, and the bottom of the cylinder is closed; the cylinder is internally and slidably connected with a sliding block, and the sliding block is connected with the rotating shaft through a steel wire rope; one end of the steel wire rope is wound on the rotating shaft, and the other end of the steel wire rope is fixedly connected with the sliding block; the side wall of the upper part of the cylinder is connected with a bayonet lock in a sliding way, and the bayonet lock is used for clamping the sliding block when the sliding block rises to the highest position; a pair of semicircular anti-collision air bags attached to the outer edge of the rod body are arranged on the outer wall of the rod body close to the ground, and the anti-collision air bags are communicated with the cavity at the lower part of the cylinder through pipelines; a trigger is arranged on one side of the rod body close to the edge of the road, the trigger is connected with the bayonet lock through a pull rope and a guide wheel, and the pull rope is tensioned when the trigger is triggered; through mutual matching of the rod body, the air guide hole, the fan blade, the rotating shaft, the cylinder, the sliding block, the clamping pin, the anti-collision air bag and the trigger, when the automobile deviates from a road, the trigger triggers, and the anti-collision air bag inflates and expands to avoid damaging the telegraph pole; wind blows in from the wind guide holes of the rod body, the wind guide holes can reduce the wind resistance of the rod body and increase the stability of the rod body, and meanwhile, the wind entering the wind guide holes can drive the fan blades to rotate so as to drive the rotating shaft to rotate; the rotating shaft drives the sliding block to ascend by tightening the steel wire rope, and when the sliding block ascends to the top of the cylinder, the magnet at the head of the clamping pin attracts the sliding block to drive the clamping pin to clamp the sliding block; when an automobile deviates from a road in the driving process on a mountain road, an automobile tire rolls a trigger, the trigger pulls a pull rope, a bayonet lock is pulled open after the pull rope is reversed through a guide wheel, a sliding block slides along the inner wall of a cylinder, compressed air generated in the cylinder is filled into an anti-collision air bag through a pipeline, the anti-collision air bag expands after being inflated, the size of the anti-collision air bag is increased, the head of the automobile collides with the anti-collision air bag, the anti-collision air bag absorbs impact force during collision, the automobile is prevented from breaking a telegraph pole by collision, the power transmission safety is influenced, and; meanwhile, the damage degree of the vehicle is reduced, and the personal safety of a driver and passengers in the vehicle is protected.
Preferably, the bottom of the cylinder is slidably connected with a collision block; two groups of shear forks are arranged in the rod body below the collision block, and one side of each shear fork close to the center of the rod body is connected with the bottom of the collision block in a sliding manner; a vertical rod is arranged at one end of the scissor fork, which is far away from the center of the rod body, the bottom of the vertical rod is connected with a sliding groove in a sliding manner, and the vertical rod can horizontally slide in the sliding groove; the top of the upright stanchion is provided with net collecting poles, a blocking net is arranged between the two net collecting poles, and two sides of the blocking net are respectively and fixedly connected to the net collecting poles; a pair of waist circular holes are formed in the side wall of the rod body and correspond to the net collecting rod, and the waist circular holes do not influence the movement of the net collecting rod; the anti-collision air bag does not influence the movement of the net retracting rod; the collision block, the shear fork, the vertical rod, the net collecting rod and the blocking net are matched with each other, the net collecting rod is pushed to extend to the outer side of the rod body after the sliding block falls down, and the blocking net is opened to prevent an automobile from falling into a cliff; when an automobile deviates from a road in the process of driving on a mountain road, an automobile tire rolls a trigger to further drive a sliding block to fall down, when the sliding block falls to the bottom of a cylinder, the sliding block collides with a collision block, the collision block moves downwards after being impacted, the collision block compresses one end of a shear fork close to the center of a rod body, the shear fork extends to one side away from the center of the rod body after being deformed, a vertical rod is further driven to move in a sliding groove, when the vertical rod and a net collecting rod move to one side away from the center of the rod body, the outer side of the rod body extends out of the rod body through a waist circular hole, the net collecting rod moves to expand a blocking net, the expanded blocking net blocks the automobile from continuing to move, meanwhile, the blocking net can also wind a tire to prevent the automobile from bouncing out to the side after the automobile collides with an anti-collision air bag, the tail of a tail automobile can collide with a telegraph pole again, and simultaneously prevent the automobile from rus, the personal and property safety is guaranteed.
Preferably, a connecting rod is connected in a middle hole of the net collecting rod in a sliding manner; the lower end of the connecting rod is connected with the vertical rod; the middle hole positioned above the connecting rod is communicated with the cavity at the lower part of the cylinder through a pipeline; the net collecting rod, the middle hole and the connecting rod are matched with each other, the height of the blocking net is increased after the blocking net is opened, and a vehicle with a higher vehicle body height is prevented from falling off the cliff; because the mesopore above the connecting rod passes through the pipeline and links to each other with drum lower part cavity, when the collision gasbag was hit after the trigger was rolled to the car, the arresting net opened, and the compressed gas of drum bottom got into the mesopore above the connecting rod this moment for receive the net pole height and rise, increase the height of arresting net, increase the area of contact of arresting net and car, reduce the impact force, can also prevent simultaneously that the higher vehicle of automobile body height from striking arresting net after, turn over arresting net and fall the cliff, cause major traffic accident.
Preferably, two ends of the blocking net are wound on the outer edge of the net collecting rod; the cross section of the middle hole of the net collecting rod is waist-round, and the shape of the cross section of the connecting rod in the middle hole is matched with that of the middle hole; the connecting rod is rotatably connected with the vertical rod; the top of the upright stanchion is sleeved with a strong torsion spring; the lower end of the strong torsion spring is fixedly connected with the upright rod, and the upper end of the strong torsion spring is fixedly connected with the connecting rod; the blocking net, the net collecting rod, the connecting rod, the vertical rod and the powerful torsion spring are matched with each other, so that the blocking net extends when an automobile collides with the blocking net, the impact force of the automobile is reduced, and the probability of injury of a driver is reduced; when the expanded arresting net of automobile impact, the arresting net of winding on receiving the net pole receives the pulling force and drives and receive the net pole rotation, and then increases arresting net extension length, further reduces automobile impact, and powerful torsional spring atress warp simultaneously, absorbs partly impact, reduces the impact force that the pole setting received, guarantees pole setting intensity to further ensure vehicle and personnel's safety.
Preferably, the bottom of the connecting rod is provided with a rotary damper, and the rotary damper comprises a shell, a baffle plate, a rotating plate and a flow limiting hole; the shell is fixedly connected with the upright rod and is of a cylindrical structure; the center in the shell is rotatably connected with a rotating shaft, and the top end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a connecting rod; the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a rotating plate which can rotate in the shell; the rotating plate is provided with a flow limiting hole; the inner wall of the shell is fixedly connected with a baffle which is arranged along the radius direction of the shell and is connected with the rotating shaft in a sliding way; the shell is filled with hydraulic oil; the shell, the baffle, the rotating plate and the flow limiting hole are mutually matched, and the rotation speed of the net rod is delayed when the blocking net is impacted, so that the impact force of an automobile is further buffered, and the possibility of injury of a driver is reduced; when the arresting net is impacted and opened, the net collecting rod rotates to release the arresting net, the length of the arresting net is increased to further increase the buffer distance, the vehicle speed is further ensured to be stably and quickly reduced, the vehicle is safely stopped as soon as possible, at the moment, the net collecting rod drives the rotating shaft to rotate, the rotating shaft drives the rotating plate to rotate in the shell, the shell is filled with hydraulic oil, the rotating plate is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the shell, the rotating plate extrudes the hydraulic oil when rotating, the hydraulic oil in the shell can only flow into the shell on the side opposite to the moving direction of the rotating plate from the flow limiting hole, the rotating of the rotating plate is obstructed, the rotation of the net collecting rod is further damped, the rotating speed of the net collecting rod is reduced, the aim of absorbing the impact energy of the.
Preferably, the arresting net is of a hollow structure, and a cavity in the arresting net is communicated with a cavity at the lower part of the cylinder through a pipeline; after the arresting net is opened, the inner part is inflated, so that the elasticity of the arresting net is increased, and the impact force is further relieved; the elasticity of the barrier net after the interior is inflated is increased, the barrier net can further deform to absorb the impact force generated when an automobile impacts the barrier net, the stability of the barrier net and the rod body is ensured, and casualties generated when people in the automobile fall off the cliff are avoided to the maximum extent.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the electric power grid telegraph pole capable of buffering impact force, wind enters the pole body from the wind guide hole, the fan blades are driven to rotate, and the sliding blocks are driven to ascend; when the automobile deviates from the road, the trigger is rolled, compressed air generated in the cylinder is filled into the anti-collision air bag through the pipeline through the movement of the pull rope, the clamping pin and the sliding block, the anti-collision air bag expands after being inflated to absorb impact force during collision, and the automobile is prevented from breaking a telegraph pole to influence the power transmission safety; meanwhile, the damage degree of the vehicle is reduced, and the personal safety of a driver and passengers in the vehicle is protected.
2. According to the electric power grid telegraph pole capable of buffering the impact force, the slide block falls down to impact the impact block, so that the shear fork is deformed and then extends to one side far away from the center of the pole body, the vertical pole and the net collecting pole are driven to move to one side far away from the center of the pole body, the blocking net is unfolded, the expanded blocking net prevents the automobile from continuing to move, the automobile is prevented from rushing out of the road surface under the action of self inertia after impacting the anti-collision airbag due to insufficient braking force and too short braking distance, the automobile falls off the cliff, accidents of car damage and people death are avoided, and personal and property safety is guaranteed.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 1 at A;
FIG. 3 is a structural view of a rotary damper according to the present invention;
in the figure: the device comprises a rod body 1, an air guide hole 2, fan blades 3, a rotating shaft 4, a cylinder 5, a sliding block 6, a bayonet 7, an air bag 8, a collision block 9, a scissor fork 10, a vertical rod 11, a sliding groove 12, a net collecting rod 13, a barrier net 14, a connecting rod 15, a strong torsion spring 16, a rotary damper 17, a shell 18, a baffle plate 19, a rotating plate 20, a flow limiting hole 21, a rotating shaft 22 and a middle hole 23.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the electric power grid pole capable of buffering impact force of the invention comprises a pole body 1, wherein the pole body 1 is provided with an air guide hole 2, a fan blade 3, a rotating shaft 4, a cylinder 5, a slide block 6, a bayonet 7 and an anti-collision air bag 8; the rod body 1 is a hollow concrete circular pipe, and a circular air guide hole 2 is formed in the middle of the rod body 1; a rotating shaft 4 is arranged on the inner wall of the rod body 1 corresponding to the air guide hole 2, and the rotating shaft 4 is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the rod body 1; the rotating shaft 4 is fixedly connected with a fan blade 3 at a position corresponding to the air guide hole 2, and the fan blade 3 can rotate around the rotating shaft 4; a cylinder 5 is arranged on the inner wall of the rod body 1 below the rotating shaft 4, the cylinder 5 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the rod body 1 through a support, and the bottom of the cylinder 5 is closed; a sliding block 6 is connected in the cylinder 5 in a sliding manner, and the sliding block 6 is connected with the rotating shaft 4 through a steel wire rope; one end of the steel wire rope is wound on the rotating shaft 4, and the other end of the steel wire rope is fixedly connected with the sliding block 6; a bayonet 7 is connected to the side wall of the upper part of the cylinder 5 in a sliding manner, and the bayonet 7 is used for clamping the sliding block 6 when the sliding block 6 ascends to the highest position; a pair of semicircular anti-collision air bags 8 attached to the outer edge of the rod body 1 are arranged on the outer wall of the rod body 1 close to the ground, and the anti-collision air bags 8 are communicated with the cavity at the lower part of the cylinder 5 through pipelines; a trigger is arranged on one side, close to the edge of the road, of the rod body 1, the trigger is connected with the bayonet 7 through a pull rope and a guide wheel, and the pull rope is tensioned when the trigger is triggered; through the mutual matching among the rod body 1, the air guide hole 2, the fan blades 3, the rotating shaft 4, the cylinder 5, the sliding block 6, the bayonet pin 7, the anti-collision air bag 8 and the trigger, when an automobile deviates from a road, the trigger triggers, and the anti-collision air bag 8 inflates and expands, so that a telegraph pole is prevented from being damaged; wind blows in from the wind guide holes 2 of the rod body 1, the wind guide holes 2 can reduce the wind resistance of the rod body 1 and increase the stability of the rod body 1, and meanwhile, the wind entering the wind guide holes 2 can drive the fan blades 3 to rotate so as to drive the rotating shaft 4 to rotate; the rotating shaft 4 drives the sliding block 6 to ascend by tightening the steel wire rope, and when the sliding block 6 ascends to the top of the cylinder 5, the magnet at the head of the clamping pin 7 attracts the sliding block 6 to drive the clamping pin 7 to clamp the sliding block 6; when an automobile deviates from a road in the driving process on a mountain road, the automobile tire rolls the trigger, the trigger pulls the pull rope, the bayonet pin 7 is pulled open after the pull rope is reversed through the guide wheel, the sliding block 6 slides along the inner wall of the cylinder 5, compressed air generated in the cylinder 5 is filled into the anti-collision air bag 8 through a pipeline, the anti-collision air bag 8 expands after being inflated, the size is increased, the head of the automobile is collided with the anti-collision air bag 8, the anti-collision air bag 8 absorbs impact force during collision, the automobile is prevented from colliding with a telegraph pole, the power transmission safety is prevented from being influenced, and electric shock accidents; meanwhile, the damage degree of the vehicle is reduced, and the personal safety of a driver and passengers in the vehicle is protected.
As an embodiment of the present invention, a striking block 9 is slidably connected to the bottom of the cylinder 5; two groups of scissors 10 are arranged in the rod body 1 below the collision block 9, and one side of the scissors 10 close to the center of the rod body 1 is connected with the bottom of the collision block 9 in a sliding manner; an upright rod 11 is arranged at one end of the scissor fork 10 far away from the center of the rod body 1, the bottom of the upright rod 11 is connected with a sliding groove 12 in a sliding manner, and the upright rod 11 can horizontally slide in the sliding groove 12; the top of the upright rod 11 is provided with net collecting rods 13, a blocking net 14 is arranged between the two net collecting rods 13, and two sides of the blocking net 14 are fixedly connected to the net collecting rods 13 respectively; a pair of waist circular holes are formed in the side wall of the rod body 1 and at positions corresponding to the net collecting rods 13, and the movement of the net collecting rods 13 is not influenced by the waist circular holes; the anti-collision air bag 8 does not influence the movement of the net collecting rod 13; the collision block 9, the shear fork 10, the upright rod 11, the net collecting rod 13 and the blocking net 14 are matched with each other, the net collecting rod 13 is pushed to extend out of the rod body 1 after the sliding block 6 falls down, and the blocking net 14 is opened to prevent the automobile from falling into a cliff; when an automobile deviates from a road in the driving process on a mountain road, an automobile tire rolls a trigger to further drive a sliding block 6 to fall, when the sliding block 6 falls to the bottom of a cylinder 5, a collision block 9 is collided, the collision block 9 moves downwards after being collided, the collision block 9 compresses one end of a shear fork 10 close to the center of a rod body 1, the shear fork 10 extends to one side away from the center of the rod body 1 after being deformed, a vertical rod 11 is further driven to move in a chute 12, when the vertical rod 11 and a net collecting rod 13 move to one side away from the center of the rod body 1, the vertical rod 11 and the net collecting rod 13 extend out of the outer side of the rod body 1 through a waist circular hole, the net collecting rod 13 moves to open a barrier net 14, the expanded barrier net 14 prevents the automobile from continuing to move, meanwhile, the barrier net 14 can also wind the tire, the automobile is prevented from bouncing out to the side after colliding with an anti-collision air bag 8, a tail-swing, the vehicle can be prevented from being damaged and the personal safety can be guaranteed when the vehicle falls off the cliff.
As an embodiment of the present invention, a connecting rod 15 is slidably connected in the middle hole 23 of the net collecting rod 13; the lower end of the connecting rod 15 is connected with the upright rod 11; the middle hole 23 positioned above the connecting rod 15 is communicated with the lower cavity of the cylinder 5 through a pipeline; the net collecting rod 13, the middle hole 23 and the connecting rod 15 are matched with each other, and the height of the arresting net 14 is increased after the arresting net 14 is opened, so that a vehicle with a higher vehicle body height is prevented from falling off the cliff; because the middle hole 23 above the connecting rod 15 is connected with the cavity at the lower part of the cylinder 5 through the pipeline, when the automobile collides with the anti-collision air bag 8 after rolling the trigger, the arresting net 14 is opened, and at the moment, compressed gas at the bottom of the cylinder 5 enters the middle hole 23 above the connecting rod 15, so that the height of the net collecting rod 13 is increased, the height of the arresting net 14 is increased, the contact area between the arresting net 14 and the automobile is increased, the impact force is reduced, and meanwhile, the phenomenon that the automobile with a higher automobile body collides with the arresting net 14, turns over the arresting net 14 and falls off a cliff to cause serious traffic accidents can be prevented.
As an embodiment of the invention, the two ends of the arresting net 14 are wound on the outer edge of the net collecting rod 13; the cross section of a middle hole 23 of the net collecting rod 13 is waist-round, and the cross section of a connecting rod 15 positioned in the middle hole 23 is matched with the middle hole 23; the connecting rod 15 is rotatably connected with the upright rod 11; a strong torsion spring 16 is sleeved at the top of the upright rod 11; the lower end of the strong torsion spring 16 is fixedly connected with the upright rod 11, and the upper end of the strong torsion spring is fixedly connected with the connecting rod 15; the arresting net 14, the net collecting rod 13, the connecting rod 15, the upright rod 11 and the powerful torsion spring 16 are matched with each other, so that the arresting net 14 extends when an automobile collides with the arresting net 14, the impact force of the automobile is reduced, and the probability of injury of a driver is reduced; when the automobile collides with the expanded barrier net 14, the barrier net 14 wound on the net collecting rod 13 is pulled to drive the net collecting rod 13 to rotate, so that the extension length of the barrier net 14 is increased, the automobile collision force is further reduced, meanwhile, the powerful torsion spring 16 is stressed and deformed to absorb part of the impact force, the impact force on the vertical rod 11 is reduced, the strength of the vertical rod 11 is ensured, and the safety of the automobile and personnel is further ensured.
As an embodiment of the invention, the bottom of the connecting rod 15 is provided with a rotary damper 17, the rotary damper 17 comprises a shell 18, a baffle plate 19, a rotating plate 20 and a flow limiting hole 21; the shell 18 is fixedly connected with the upright rod 11, and the shell 18 is of a cylindrical structure; a rotating shaft 22 is rotatably connected to the center in the shell 18, and the top end of the rotating shaft 22 is fixedly connected with the connecting rod 15; a rotating plate 20 is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft 22, and the rotating plate 20 can rotate in the housing 18; the rotating plate 20 is provided with a flow limiting hole 21; a baffle plate 19 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the shell 18, the baffle plate 19 is arranged along the radius direction of the shell 18, and the baffle plate 19 is connected with the rotating shaft 22 in a sliding manner; the shell 18 is filled with hydraulic oil; the shell 18, the baffle plate 19, the rotating plate 20 and the flow limiting hole 21 are mutually matched, so that the rotating speed of the net rod 13 is reduced when the arresting net 14 is impacted, the impact force of an automobile is further reduced, and the possibility of injury of a driver is reduced; when the arresting net 14 is impacted and opened, the net collecting rod 13 rotates to release the arresting net 14, the length of the arresting net 14 is increased, the buffer distance is further increased, the vehicle speed is further guaranteed to be stably and rapidly reduced, the vehicle can be stopped safely as soon as possible, at the moment, the net collecting rod 13 drives the rotating shaft 22 to rotate, the rotating shaft 22 drives the rotating plate 20 to rotate in the shell 18, the shell 18 is filled with hydraulic oil, the rotating plate 20 is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the shell 18, the rotating plate 20 extrudes the hydraulic oil when rotating, the hydraulic oil in the shell 18 only flows into the shell 18 on the side opposite to the moving direction of the rotating plate 20 from the flow limiting hole 21, the rotation of the rotating plate 20 is obstructed, the rotation of the net collecting rod 13 is damped, the rotating speed of the net collecting rod 13 is reduced, the purpose of absorbing the impact energy of the arresting net 14 is achieved.
As an embodiment of the invention, the arresting net 14 is a hollow structure and the cavity in the arresting net 14 is communicated with the lower cavity of the cylinder 5 through a pipeline; after the arresting net 14 is opened, the interior is inflated, so that the elasticity of the arresting net 14 is increased, and the impact force is further relieved; the elasticity of the barrier net 14 inflated inside is increased, so that the barrier net 14 can further deform to absorb the impact force generated when the automobile impacts the barrier net 14, the stability of the barrier net 14 and the rod body 1 is ensured, and casualties generated when people in the automobile fall off the cliff are avoided to the maximum extent.
When the fan works, wind blows in from the wind guide holes 2 of the rod body 1, the wind guide holes 2 can reduce the wind resistance of the rod body 1 and increase the stability of the rod body 1, and meanwhile, the wind entering the wind guide holes 2 can drive the fan blades 3 to rotate so as to drive the rotating shaft 4 to rotate; the rotating shaft 4 drives the sliding block 6 to ascend by tightening the steel wire rope, and when the sliding block 6 ascends to the top of the cylinder 5, the magnet at the head of the clamping pin 7 attracts the sliding block 6 to drive the clamping pin 7 to clamp the sliding block 6; when an automobile deviates from a road in the driving process on a mountain road, the automobile tire rolls the trigger, the trigger pulls the pull rope, the bayonet pin 7 is pulled open after the pull rope is reversed through the guide wheel, the sliding block 6 slides along the inner wall of the cylinder 5, compressed air generated in the cylinder 5 is filled into the anti-collision air bag 8 through a pipeline, the anti-collision air bag 8 expands after being inflated, the size is increased, the head of the automobile is collided with the anti-collision air bag 8, the anti-collision air bag 8 absorbs impact force during collision, the automobile is prevented from colliding with a telegraph pole, the power transmission safety is prevented from being influenced, and electric shock accidents; meanwhile, the damage degree of the vehicle is reduced, and the personal safety of a driver and passengers in the vehicle is protected; when an automobile deviates from a road in the driving process on a mountain road, an automobile tire rolls a trigger to further drive a sliding block 6 to fall, when the sliding block 6 falls to the bottom of a cylinder 5, a collision block 9 is collided, the collision block 9 moves downwards after being collided, the collision block 9 compresses one end of a shear fork 10 close to the center of a rod body 1, the shear fork 10 extends to one side away from the center of the rod body 1 after being deformed, a vertical rod 11 is further driven to move in a chute 12, when the vertical rod 11 and a net collecting rod 13 move to one side away from the center of the rod body 1, the outer side of the rod body 1 extends out through a waist circular hole, the net collecting rod 13 moves to expand a barrier net 14, the expanded barrier net 14 prevents the automobile from continuing to move, the automobile from bouncing out to the side after colliding an anti-collision air bag 8, the tail-end automobile swings to collide a telegraph pole again, and simultaneously prevents the automobile, dropping the cliff; because the middle hole 23 above the connecting rod 15 is connected with the cavity at the lower part of the cylinder 5 through the pipeline, when the automobile collides with the anti-collision air bag 8 after rolling the trigger, the arresting net 14 is opened, and at the moment, compressed gas at the bottom of the cylinder 5 enters the middle hole 23 above the connecting rod 15, so that the height of the net collecting rod 13 is raised, the height of the arresting net 14 is increased, the contact area between the arresting net 14 and the automobile is increased, the impact force is reduced, and meanwhile, the phenomenon that the automobile with higher height turns over the arresting net 14 and falls off a cliff after colliding with the arresting net 14 can be prevented, so that a major traffic accident is caused; when an automobile impacts the expanded arresting net 14, the arresting net 14 wound on the net collecting rod 13 is subjected to tension force and then drives the net collecting rod 13 to rotate, so that the extension length of the arresting net 14 is increased, the collision force of the automobile is further reduced, meanwhile, the powerful torsion spring 16 is stressed and deformed, a part of impact force is absorbed, the impact force on the upright rod 11 is reduced, the strength of the upright rod 11 is ensured, and the safety of the automobile and personnel is further ensured; when the arresting net 14 is impacted and opened, the net collecting rod 13 rotates to release the arresting net 14, the length of the arresting net 14 is increased, the buffer distance is further increased, the vehicle speed is further guaranteed to be stably and rapidly reduced, the vehicle can be stopped safely as soon as possible, at the moment, the net collecting rod 13 drives the rotating shaft 22 to rotate, the rotating shaft 22 drives the rotating plate 20 to rotate in the shell 18, the shell 18 is filled with hydraulic oil, the rotating plate 20 is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the shell 18, the rotating plate 20 extrudes the hydraulic oil when rotating, the hydraulic oil in the shell 18 only flows into the shell 18 on the side opposite to the moving direction of the rotating plate 20 from the flow limiting hole 21, the rotation of the rotating plate 20 is obstructed, the rotation of the net collecting rod 13 is further damped, the rotating speed of the net collecting rod 13 is reduced, the purpose of absorbing the impact energy of the arresting net 14 is achieved; the elasticity of the barrier net 14 inflated inside is increased, so that the barrier net 14 can further deform to absorb the impact force generated when the automobile impacts the barrier net 14, the stability of the barrier net 14 and the rod body 1 is ensured, and casualties generated when people in the automobile fall off the cliff are avoided to the maximum extent.
The front, the back, the left, the right, the upper and the lower are all based on figure 1 in the attached drawings of the specification, according to the standard of the observation angle of a person, the side of the device facing an observer is defined as the front, the left side of the observer is defined as the left, and the like.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used merely for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a can cushion electric power grid wire pole of impact which characterized in that: the anti-collision device comprises a rod body (1), wherein an air guide hole (2), a fan blade (3), a rotating shaft (4), a cylinder (5), a sliding block (6), a clamping pin (7) and an anti-collision air bag (8) are arranged on the rod body (1); the rod body (1) is a hollow concrete circular pipe, and the middle part of the rod body (1) is provided with a circular air guide hole (2); a rotating shaft (4) is arranged at a position, corresponding to the air guide hole (2), of the inner wall of the rod body (1), and the rotating shaft (4) is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the rod body (1); the rotating shaft (4) is fixedly connected with a fan blade (3) at a position corresponding to the air guide hole (2), and the fan blade (3) can rotate around the rotating shaft (4); a cylinder (5) is arranged on the inner wall of the rod body (1) below the rotating shaft (4), the cylinder (5) is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the rod body (1) through a support, and the bottom of the cylinder (5) is closed; the cylinder (5) is internally and slidably connected with a sliding block (6), and the sliding block (6) is connected with the rotating shaft (4) through a steel wire rope; one end of the steel wire rope is wound on the rotating shaft (4), and the other end of the steel wire rope is fixedly connected with the sliding block (6); a bayonet lock (7) is connected to the side wall of the upper part of the cylinder (5) in a sliding manner, and the bayonet lock (7) is used for clamping the slider (6) when the slider (6) ascends to the highest position; a pair of semicircular anti-collision air bags (8) attached to the outer edge of the rod body (1) is arranged on the outer wall of the rod body (1) close to the ground, and the anti-collision air bags (8) are communicated with the cavity at the lower part of the cylinder (5) through pipelines; a trigger is arranged on one side, close to the edge of the road, of the rod body (1), the trigger is connected with the bayonet lock (7) through a pull rope and a guide wheel, and the pull rope is tensioned when the trigger is triggered; through mutual cooperation between the rod body (1), the air guide hole (2), the fan blades (3), the rotating shaft (4), the cylinder (5), the sliding block (6), the bayonet lock (7), the anti-collision air bag (8) and the trigger, when an automobile deviates from a road, the trigger triggers, the anti-collision air bag (8) inflates and expands, and the telegraph pole is prevented from being damaged.
2. A power grid pole capable of absorbing impact forces as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the cylinder (5) is connected with a collision block (9) in a sliding way; two groups of shear forks (10) are arranged in the rod body (1) below the collision block (9), and one side of each shear fork (10) close to the center of the rod body (1) is connected with the bottom of the collision block (9) in a sliding manner; an upright rod (11) is arranged at one end of the scissor fork (10) far away from the center of the rod body (1), a sliding groove (12) is connected to the bottom of the upright rod (11) in a sliding manner, and the upright rod (11) can horizontally slide in the sliding groove (12); the top of the upright rod (11) is provided with net collecting rods (13), a blocking net (14) is arranged between the two net collecting rods (13), and two sides of the blocking net (14) are respectively and fixedly connected to the net collecting rods (13); a pair of waist circular holes are formed in the side wall of the rod body (1) and in the positions corresponding to the net collecting rods (13), and the waist circular holes do not influence the movement of the net collecting rods (13); the anti-collision air bag (8) does not influence the movement of the net collecting rod (13); the collision block (9), the shear fork (10), the upright rod (11), the net collecting rod (13) and the blocking net (14) are matched with each other, after the sliding block (6) falls down, the net collecting rod (13) is pushed to extend out of the rod body (1), the blocking net (14) is opened, and the automobile is prevented from falling into the cliff.
3. A power grid pole capable of absorbing impact forces as claimed in claim 2, wherein: a connecting rod (15) is connected in the middle hole (23) of the net collecting rod (13) in a sliding way; the lower end of the connecting rod (15) is connected with the upright rod (11); a middle hole (23) positioned above the connecting rod (15) is communicated with a cavity at the lower part of the cylinder (5) through a pipeline; the net collecting rod (13), the middle hole (23) and the connecting rod (15) are matched with each other, and the height of the blocking net (14) is increased after the blocking net (14) is opened, so that a vehicle with a high vehicle body height is prevented from falling off the cliff.
4. A power grid pole capable of absorbing impact forces as claimed in claim 3, wherein: two ends of the arresting net (14) are wound on the outer edge of the net collecting rod (13); the cross section of a middle hole (23) of the net collecting rod (13) is waist-round, and the cross section of the connecting rod (15) positioned in the middle hole (23) is matched with the middle hole (23); the connecting rod (15) is rotatably connected with the upright rod (11); a strong torsion spring (16) is sleeved at the top of the upright rod (11); the lower end of the strong torsion spring (16) is fixedly connected with the upright rod (11), and the upper end of the strong torsion spring is fixedly connected with the connecting rod (15); the blocking net (14), the net collecting rod (13), the connecting rod (15), the vertical rod (11) and the powerful torsion spring (16) are matched with each other, so that the blocking net (14) is extended when an automobile collides with the blocking net (14), the impact force of the automobile is reduced, and the probability of injury of a driver is reduced.
5. A power grid pole capable of absorbing impact forces as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the bottom of the connecting rod (15) is provided with a rotary damper (17), and the rotary damper (17) comprises a shell (18), a baffle plate (19), a rotating plate (20) and a flow limiting hole (21); the shell (18) is fixedly connected with the upright rod (11), and the shell (18) is of a cylindrical structure; a rotating shaft (22) is rotatably connected to the inner center of the shell (18), and the top end of the rotating shaft (22) is fixedly connected with the connecting rod (15); a rotating plate (20) is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft (22), and the rotating plate (20) can rotate in the shell (18); the rotating plate (20) is provided with a flow limiting hole (21); the inner wall of the shell (18) is fixedly connected with a baffle (19), the baffle (19) is arranged along the radius direction of the shell (18), and the baffle (19) is connected with the rotating shaft (22) in a sliding manner; the shell (18) is filled with hydraulic oil; the shell (18), the baffle (19), the rotating plate (20) and the flow limiting hole (21) are matched with each other, and the rotating speed of the net rod (13) is delayed when the blocking net (14) is impacted, so that the impact force of an automobile is further buffered, and the possibility of injury of a driver is reduced.
6. A power grid pole capable of absorbing impact forces as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the arresting net (14) is of a hollow structure, and a cavity in the arresting net (14) is communicated with a cavity at the lower part of the cylinder (5) through a pipeline; after the arresting net (14) is opened, the interior of the arresting net is inflated, so that the elasticity of the arresting net (14) is increased, and the impact force is further relieved.
CN201910937531.6A 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 Electric power grid telegraph pole capable of buffering impact force Active CN110656804B (en)

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CN112593757B (en) * 2021-01-07 2022-04-05 湖南恒力通电气设备科技有限公司 Communication pole with anticollision subtracts hinder function

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JP5965794B2 (en) * 2012-09-07 2016-08-10 株式会社モルテン Material carry-in device to the inside of a hollow cylindrical structure
KR101847185B1 (en) * 2015-11-25 2018-05-25 주식회사 스마트에어챔버 Impact Absorbing System of Bridge Pier
CN205839653U (en) * 2016-06-26 2016-12-28 徐州巨力杆塔有限公司 A kind of removable cement shaft tower Anti-collision barrel
CN107513954B (en) * 2017-07-21 2019-10-22 河北交建集团有限公司 A kind of elevated bridge with collision prevention function
CN107254986B (en) * 2017-08-04 2019-08-20 墙煌新材料股份有限公司 One kind being based on the reusable anti-inversion telegraph pole of air pressure
CN108222633B (en) * 2017-11-22 2019-09-17 仙居县楠鑫电力器材有限公司 A kind of concurrent
CN207700099U (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-08-07 浙江海洋大学 A kind of road guard-rail of antisitic defect
CN208250987U (en) * 2018-02-14 2018-12-18 刘运民 A kind of bridge buffering anti-collision device

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