CN110608410A - Energy-saving wisdom urban lighting device with clean dust function - Google Patents

Energy-saving wisdom urban lighting device with clean dust function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110608410A
CN110608410A CN201910971487.0A CN201910971487A CN110608410A CN 110608410 A CN110608410 A CN 110608410A CN 201910971487 A CN201910971487 A CN 201910971487A CN 110608410 A CN110608410 A CN 110608410A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
plate
photovoltaic panel
power generation
motor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201910971487.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
牛勇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yangzhou Yaoshun Transportation Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Yangzhou Yaoshun Transportation Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yangzhou Yaoshun Transportation Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Yangzhou Yaoshun Transportation Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910971487.0A priority Critical patent/CN110608410A/en
Publication of CN110608410A publication Critical patent/CN110608410A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/024Cleaning by means of spray elements moving over the surface to be cleaned
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S9/00Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
    • F21S9/02Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator
    • F21S9/03Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light
    • F21S9/035Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light the solar unit being integrated within the support for the lighting unit, e.g. within or on a pole
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V33/00Structural combinations of lighting devices with other articles, not otherwise provided for
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention relates to an energy-saving smart city lighting device with a dust cleaning function, which comprises a bottom plate, a lamp post, a lamp shade, a lamp tube and a power generation device, wherein the power generation device comprises a power generation mechanism and a cleaning mechanism, the power generation mechanism comprises a support column, a telescopic component, a first photovoltaic panel and two power generation components, the power generation components comprise a second photovoltaic panel, a driving motor, a first auxiliary rod, a second auxiliary rod and a hinge unit, the cleaning mechanism comprises a water collecting tank, a collecting cover, a water pump, a water conveying pipe and a cleaning component, a filtering component and a water collecting component are arranged in the water collecting tank, the energy-saving smart city lighting device with the dust cleaning function can facilitate the rotation of the second photovoltaic panel through the power generation mechanism, the receiving area of sunlight is enlarged in daytime to improve the power generation efficiency, the second photovoltaic panel covers the first photovoltaic panel at night to realize dust prevention, and the first photovoltaic panel and the second photovoltaic panel are washed and cleaned through the cleaning mechanism, remove dust and improve the generating efficiency.

Description

Energy-saving wisdom urban lighting device with clean dust function
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of smart cities, in particular to an energy-saving smart city lighting device with a dust cleaning function.
Background
The smart city realizes smart management and operation of the city by using advanced information technology, thereby creating a better life for people in the city and promoting harmonious and sustainable development of the city. The solar street lamp is used as outdoor lighting equipment in a smart city, mainly adopts a crystalline silicon solar cell for power supply, a maintenance-free valve-controlled sealed storage battery (a colloid battery) for storing electric energy, and an ultra-high brightness LED lamp is used as a light source and is controlled by an intelligent charging and discharging controller to replace a transmission road for power lighting.
But current solar street lamp is built by the road both sides, exposes outside for a long time, leads to piling up the dust easily on the solar panel, and these dust impurity has blockked solar panel and has absorbed the sunlight, and then has reduced solar panel's generating efficiency, makes solar panel be insufficient at the electric energy that photovoltaic power generation stored daytime and maintain the long-time illumination night, and then has reduced current solar street lamp's practicality.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: in order to overcome the defects of the prior art, an energy-saving intelligent city lighting device with a dust cleaning function is provided.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: an energy-saving smart city lighting device with a dust cleaning function comprises a bottom plate, a lamp post, a lamp shade, a lamp tube and a power generation device, wherein the lamp post is fixed above the bottom plate, the lamp shade is fixed on one side of the lamp post, the lamp tube is arranged in the lamp shade, the power generation device is positioned at the top end of the lamp post, the power generation device comprises a top plate, a power generation mechanism and a cleaning mechanism, the top plate is fixed at the top end of the lamp post, the power generation mechanism is arranged above the top plate, a PLC is arranged in the bottom plate, and the lamp tube is electrically connected with the PLC;
the power generation mechanism comprises a support column, a telescopic component, a first photovoltaic panel and two power generation components, wherein the bottom end of the support column is fixed on a top plate, the top end of the support column is hinged with the first photovoltaic panel, the two ends of the telescopic component are respectively connected with the first photovoltaic panel and the support column, the two power generation components are respectively positioned on the two sides of the first photovoltaic panel, each power generation component comprises a second photovoltaic panel, a driving motor, a first auxiliary rod, a second auxiliary rod and a hinge unit, the second photovoltaic panel is hinged with the first photovoltaic panel through the hinge unit, the driving motor is fixed on the first photovoltaic panel, the first photovoltaic panel is electrically connected with a PLC (programmable logic controller), the driving motor is in transmission connection with the first auxiliary rod, and the first auxiliary rod is hinged with the second photovoltaic panel through a second bright rod;
the cleaning mechanism comprises a water collecting tank, a collecting cover, a water pump, a water delivery pipe and a cleaning assembly, the water collecting tank is fixed at one end of a top plate, the cleaning assembly is positioned at the other end of the top plate, the collecting cover is fixed on the water collecting tank, the water pump is fixed at one side of the collecting cover close to the cleaning assembly, the water pump is electrically connected with the PLC, a sealing plate is arranged at one side of the water collecting tank far away from the cleaning assembly, an opening is arranged on the inner wall of one side of the sealing plate far away from the cleaning assembly, a filtering assembly and the water collecting assembly are arranged in the water collecting tank, the water collecting assembly comprises a support, a sealing block, a spring and two directional rods, the support is U-shaped, two ends of the support are fixed at the top in the water collecting tank, the sealing block is conical, the sealing block is connected with the bottom in the, the two directional rods are respectively positioned at two sides of the spring, the top ends of the directional rods are fixed below the sealing block, and the bottom of the support is sleeved on the directional rods;
the cleaning assembly sequentially comprises a lifting unit, a moving plate, a translation unit and a nozzle from top to bottom, the lifting unit is in transmission connection with the moving plate, the moving plate is obliquely arranged downwards, the translation unit is in transmission connection with the nozzle, and the water pump is communicated with the nozzle through a water conveying pipe;
the lamp post is provided with a switch module, the switch module comprises a switch control circuit, the switch control circuit comprises a first resistor R1, a second resistor R2, a first diode D1, a second diode D2, a first MOS tube Q1 and a second MOS tube Q2, the grid of the first MOS tube Q1 is connected with the cathode of the first diode D1, the source of the first MOS tube Q1 is externally connected with a 12V direct-current voltage power supply, the drain of the first MOS tube Q1 is connected with the drain of the second MOS tube Q2, the source of the second MOS tube Q2 is grounded, the grid of the second MOS tube Q2 is connected with the anode of the second diode D2, the first resistor R1 is connected with the first diode D1 in parallel, the second resistor R2 is connected with the second diode D2 in parallel, and the anode of the first diode D1 is connected with the cathode of the second diode D2.
As preferred, in order to adjust the angle of first photovoltaic board, flexible subassembly includes intermediate lamella and two flexible units, and two flexible units are located the both sides of intermediate lamella respectively, flexible unit includes motor power, power shaft, sleeve pipe and connecting rod, motor power fixes on the intermediate lamella, motor power is connected with the PLC electricity, the sleeve pipe cover is established on the power shaft, the sheathed tube is equipped with the screw thread that matches with the power shaft with the junction of power shaft, the connecting rod is fixed on the sleeve pipe, in two flexible unit's the connecting rod, one of them connecting rod is articulated with first photovoltaic board, and another connecting rod is articulated with the support column.
Preferably, in order to realize the smooth movement of the sleeve, the telescopic unit further comprises two limiting units, the two limiting units are respectively arranged on two sides of the sleeve, each limiting unit comprises a stop ring, a stop rod and a stop dog, the stop dog is fixedly connected with the middle plate through the stop rod, the stop ring is sleeved on the stop rod, and the stop ring is fixedly connected with the sleeve.
Preferably, in order to facilitate the rotation of the second photovoltaic panel, the hinge unit comprises a hinge rod and two connecting units, each connecting unit comprises a fixed shaft and a lantern ring, one of the fixed shafts of the two connecting units is fixed on the first photovoltaic panel, the other fixed shaft of the two connecting units is fixed on the second photovoltaic panel, the lantern ring is sleeved on the fixed shaft, and two ends of the hinge rod are respectively fixedly connected with the two lantern rings.
Preferably, in order to prevent the lantern ring from being separated from the fixed shaft, a plurality of convex plates are arranged on the periphery of one end, far away from the first photovoltaic plate, of the fixed shaft, and the convex plates are evenly distributed on the periphery of the fixed shaft in the circumferential direction.
Preferably, in order to adjust the height of the moving plate, the lifting unit comprises an air pump, an air cylinder and a piston, the air pump and the air cylinder are both fixed on the top plate, the air pump is electrically connected with the PLC, the air pump is communicated with the air cylinder, the bottom end of the piston is arranged in the air cylinder, and the top end of the piston is fixedly connected with the moving plate.
Preferably, in order to drive the nozzle to move, the translation unit comprises a conveyor belt and two driving units, the two driving units are respectively located at two ends of the conveyor belt, each driving unit comprises an auxiliary motor, a vibration reduction block, a transmission shaft and a driving wheel, the auxiliary motor and the vibration reduction block are both fixed above the movable plate, the auxiliary motor is electrically connected with the PLC, the transmission shaft is located between the auxiliary motor and the vibration reduction block, the auxiliary motor is in transmission connection with the transmission shaft, and the driving wheel is sleeved on the transmission shaft.
As preferred, for filtering the silt that gets into in the header, filtering component includes filter screen, executive motor, gear, rack and clean board, executive motor, rack, clean board and filter screen from the top set gradually, the both ends of filter screen are fixed respectively on the inner wall of the both sides of header, executive motor fixes on the inner wall of header, executive motor is connected with gear drive, rack and closing plate fixed connection, rack and gear engagement, the below at the rack is fixed to clean board, clean board supports and leans on the filter screen.
Preferably, in order to realize the steady movement of rack, filtering component still includes the locating lever, the one end of locating lever is fixed on the inner wall of the water tank that keeps away from open-ended one side, the other end setting of locating lever is in the rack.
Preferably, the actuator motor is a dc servo motor in order to ensure the driving force of the actuator motor.
The energy-saving smart city lighting device with the dust cleaning function has the advantages that the power generation mechanism can facilitate the rotation of the second photovoltaic plate, the sunlight receiving area is enlarged in the daytime to improve the power generation efficiency, the second photovoltaic plate covers the first photovoltaic plate at night to realize dust prevention, compared with the existing power generation mechanism, the power generation mechanism is flexible in structure, the angle between the first photovoltaic plate and the second photovoltaic plate can be adjusted flexibly according to the current time, and moreover, the first photovoltaic plate and the second photovoltaic plate are washed and cleaned through the cleaning mechanism to remove dust and improve the power generation efficiency.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the power generating mechanism of the energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a telescopic assembly of the energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a connection structure of a first photovoltaic panel and a second photovoltaic panel of the energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a cleaning mechanism of the energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic circuit diagram of the cleaning mechanism of the energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function according to the present invention;
in the figure: 1. a bottom plate, 2, a lamp post, 3, a lamp shade, 4, a lamp tube, 5, a top plate, 6, a support column, 7, a first photovoltaic plate, 8, a second photovoltaic plate, 9, a driving motor, 10, a first auxiliary rod, 11, a second auxiliary rod, 12, a water collecting tank, 13, a collecting cover, 14, a water pump, 15, a water conveying pipe, 16, a sealing plate, 17, a bracket, 18, a sealing block, 19, a spring, 20, a directional rod, 21, a movable plate, 22, a nozzle, 23, an intermediate plate, 24, a power motor, 25, a power shaft, 26, a sleeve, 27, a connecting rod, 28, a baffle ring, 29, a baffle rod, 30, a baffle block, 31, a fixed shaft, 32, a sleeve ring, 33, a convex plate, 34, an air pump, 35, an air cylinder, 36, a piston, 37, a conveyor belt, 38, an auxiliary motor, 39, a vibration reduction block, 40, a transmission shaft, 41, a driving wheel, 42, a filter screen, 43, 44, a gear, 46. cleaning plate, 47 positioning rod.
Detailed Description
The present invention will now be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. These drawings are simplified schematic views illustrating only the basic structure of the present invention in a schematic manner, and thus show only the constitution related to the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, an energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function comprises a bottom plate 1, a lamp post 2, a lampshade 3, a lamp tube 4 and a power generation device, wherein the lamp post 2 is fixed above the bottom plate 1, the lampshade 3 is fixed on one side of the lamp post 2, the lamp tube 4 is arranged in the lampshade 3, the power generation device is positioned at the top end of the lamp post 2, the power generation device comprises a top plate 5, a power generation mechanism and a cleaning mechanism, the top plate 5 is fixed at the top end of the lamp post 2, the power generation mechanism is arranged above the top plate 5, a PLC is arranged in the bottom plate 1, and the lamp tube 4 is electrically connected with the PLC;
in this solar street lamp, by the power generation facility at lamp pole 2 support top, utilize power generation mechanism to carry out photovoltaic power generation daytime, the reserve electric energy, release the electric energy evening, PLC control fluorescent tube 4 is luminous to carry out the night illumination, still be equipped with timing system in the PLC, can regularly wash first photovoltaic board 7 and second photovoltaic board 8 in the power generation mechanism, get rid of the dust on surface, improve equipment's generating efficiency, guarantee to reserve sufficient electric energy daytime, thereby the practicality of equipment has been improved.
As shown in fig. 2 and 4, the power generation mechanism comprises a support column 6, a telescopic assembly, a first photovoltaic panel 7 and two power generation assemblies, the bottom end of the supporting column 6 is fixed on the top plate 5, the top end of the supporting column 6 is hinged with the first photovoltaic panel 7, two ends of the telescopic component are respectively connected with the first photovoltaic panel 7 and the support column 6, the two power generation components are respectively positioned at two sides of the first photovoltaic panel 7, the power generation assembly comprises a second photovoltaic panel 8, a driving motor 9, a first auxiliary rod 10, a second auxiliary rod 11 and a hinge unit, the second photovoltaic panel 8 is hinged with the first photovoltaic panel 7 through a hinge unit, the driving motor 9 is fixed on the first photovoltaic panel 7, the first photovoltaic plate 7 is electrically connected with the PLC, the driving motor 9 is in transmission connection with the first auxiliary rod 10, and the first auxiliary rod 10 is hinged with the second photovoltaic plate 8 through the second bright rod;
in the power generation mechanism, a support column 6 is used for supporting a first photovoltaic plate 7, and simultaneously, the first photovoltaic plate 7 can be driven to rotate through the operation of a telescopic component, a timing system in the PLC adjusts the steering of the first photovoltaic plate 7 according to time, so that the first photovoltaic plate 7 is opposite to sunlight, the power generation efficiency is improved, in the daytime, the PLC controls driving motors 9 to be started at two sides of the first photovoltaic plate 7, so as to drive a first auxiliary rod 10 to rotate, a second auxiliary rod 11 drives a second photovoltaic plate 8 to rotate, so that the second photovoltaic plate 8 and the first photovoltaic plate 7 are kept parallel, the receiving area of solar light is enlarged, the power generation efficiency is further improved, in the nighttime, the driving motors 9 reversely rotate, so that the second photovoltaic plate 8 rotates to be above the first photovoltaic plate 7, so that the two second photovoltaic plates 8 cover the first photovoltaic plate 7, the contact time of the first photovoltaic plate 7, the second photovoltaic plate 8 and the outside is reduced, dust is prevented from being adsorbed on the first photovoltaic panel 7 and the second photovoltaic panel 8 at night, so that the power generation efficiency is improved, the running frequency of the cleaning mechanism is reduced, and the energy-saving effect is realized.
As shown in fig. 5, the cleaning mechanism includes a water collecting tank 12, a collecting cover 13, a water pump 14, a water pipe 15 and a cleaning assembly, the water collecting tank 12 is fixed at one end of the top plate 5, the cleaning assembly is located at the other end of the top plate 5, the collecting cover 13 is fixed on the water collecting tank, the water pump 14 is fixed at one side of the collecting cover 13 close to the cleaning assembly, the water pump 14 is electrically connected with the PLC, a sealing plate 16 is arranged at one side of the water collecting tank 12 far from the cleaning assembly, an opening is arranged on an inner wall of one side of the sealing plate 16 far from the cleaning assembly, a filtering assembly and a water collecting assembly are arranged in the water collecting tank 12, the water collecting assembly includes a bracket 17, a sealing block 18, a spring 19 and two orientation rods 20, the bracket 17 is U-shaped, two ends of the bracket 17 are fixed at the top of the water collecting tank 12, the sealing block 18 is connected with the bottom in the support 17 through a spring 19, the spring 19 is in a compressed state, two directional rods 20 are respectively positioned on two sides of the spring 19, the top ends of the directional rods 20 are fixed below the sealing block 18, and the bottom of the support 17 is sleeved on the directional rods 20;
the cleaning assembly sequentially comprises a lifting unit, a moving plate 21, a translation unit and a nozzle 22 from top to bottom, the lifting unit is in transmission connection with the moving plate 21, the moving plate 21 is obliquely arranged downwards, the translation unit is in transmission connection with the nozzle 22, and the water pump 14 is communicated with the nozzle 22 through a water conveying pipe 15.
When the cleaning mechanism needs to clean the first photovoltaic panel 7 and the second photovoltaic panel 8, firstly the lifting unit drives the moving plate 21 to ascend, so that the nozzle 22 moves above the second photovoltaic panel 8, then the PLC controls the water pump 14 to operate, extracts the water solution in the water collecting tank 12, conveys the water solution to the nozzle 22 through the water conveying pipe 15, the translation unit drives the nozzle 22 to move, so that the nozzle 22 washes and cleans the first photovoltaic panel 7 and the second photovoltaic panel 8, meanwhile, rainwater flows downwards along the surfaces of the first photovoltaic panel 7 and the second photovoltaic panel 8 and falls into the collecting cover 13, the water solution in the collecting cover 13 generates downward pressure on the sealing block 18, the spring 19 is compressed, so that the water solution in the collecting cover 13 falls into the water collecting tank 12, in rainy days, the rainwater can also enter the water collecting tank 12 through the collecting cover 13, and when the water flow falls into the water collecting tank 12, the sediment impurities in the water are removed through the filtering component, therefore, the water pump 14 pumps clean water flow, when no water flow falls into the collecting cover 13, the compressed spring 19 pushes the sealing block 18 to move upwards to block the collecting cover 13, so that water evaporation is avoided, and a water source is ensured in the water collecting tank 12;
as shown in fig. 3, the telescopic assembly includes a middle plate 23 and two telescopic units, the two telescopic units are respectively located at two sides of the middle plate 23, the telescopic units include a power motor 24, a power shaft 25, a sleeve 26 and a connecting rod 27, the power motor 24 is fixed on the middle plate 23, the power motor 24 is electrically connected with the PLC, the sleeve 26 is sleeved on the power shaft 25, a connecting part of the sleeve 26 and the power shaft 25 is provided with a thread matched with the power shaft 25, the connecting rod 27 is fixed on the sleeve 26, one of the connecting rods 27 of the two telescopic units is hinged to the first photovoltaic plate 7, and the other connecting rod 27 is hinged to the supporting column 6;
in the telescopic units on the two sides of the middle plate 23, the PLC controls the power motor 24 to be started, the power shaft 25 is driven to rotate, the power shaft 25 is not driven to act on the sleeve 26 through threads, the sleeve 26 is driven to move along the axis direction of the power shaft 25, the connecting rods 27 are driven to move, the distance between the two connecting rods 27 is changed, the first photovoltaic plate 7 is driven to rotate, the first photovoltaic plate 7 is opposite to sunlight, and the power generation efficiency is improved.
Preferably, in order to realize the stable movement of the sleeve 26, the telescopic unit further comprises two limiting units, the two limiting units are respectively arranged on two sides of the sleeve 26, each limiting unit comprises a stop ring 28, a stop rod 29 and a stop block 30, the stop block 30 is fixedly connected with the middle plate 23 through the stop rod 29, the stop ring 28 is sleeved on the stop rod 29, and the stop ring 28 is fixedly connected with the sleeve 26. The position of the stopper 29 is fixed with respect to the intermediate plate 23 so that the stopper 28 moves along the axis of the stopper 29, the movement range of the stopper 28 is limited by the stopper 30, and since the stopper 28 is fixedly coupled to the sleeve 26, smooth movement of the sleeve 26 is ensured.
As shown in fig. 6, a switch module is disposed on the lamp post 2, the switch module includes a switch control circuit, the switch control circuit includes a first resistor R1, a second resistor R2, a first diode D1, a second diode D2, a first MOS transistor Q1 and a second MOS transistor Q2, a gate of the first MOS transistor Q1 is connected to a cathode of the first diode D1, a source of the first MOS transistor Q1 is externally connected to a 12V dc voltage power supply, a drain of the first MOS transistor Q1 is connected to a drain of the second MOS transistor Q2, a source of the second MOS transistor Q2 is grounded, a gate of the second MOS transistor Q2 is connected to an anode of the second diode D2, the first resistor R1 is connected to the first diode D1 in parallel, the second resistor R2 is connected to the second diode D2 in parallel, and an anode of the first diode D1 is connected to a cathode of the second diode D2.
In the switch control circuit, the gate inhibition 10 is driven by controlling the conduction of the first MOS transistor Q1 and the second MOS transistor Q2, the reliability of the system is improved, and the reliability of the switch control circuit is improved by limiting the current through the first resistor R1 and the second resistor R2 and performing reverse voltage protection on the first diode D1 and the second diode D2.
As shown in fig. 4, the hinge unit includes a hinge rod and two connection units, the connection unit includes a fixed shaft 31 and a collar 32, one of the fixed shafts 31 of the two connection units is fixed on the first photovoltaic panel 7, the other fixed shaft 31 is fixed on the second photovoltaic panel 8, the collar 32 is sleeved on the fixed shaft 31, and two ends of the hinge rod are respectively fixedly connected with the two collars 32.
The collar 32 can rotate on the fixed shaft 31, so that the hinge rod can rotate, thus facilitating the angular rotation of the second photovoltaic panel 8.
Preferably, in order to prevent the collar 32 from being separated from the fixed shaft 31, the outer periphery of one end of the fixed shaft 31 far away from the first photovoltaic panel 7 is provided with a plurality of convex plates 33, and the convex plates 33 are uniformly distributed on the outer periphery of the fixed shaft 31 in the circumferential direction. The collar 32 is prevented from sliding outward of the fixed shaft 31 by the protruding plate 33, thereby preventing the collar 32 from coming off the fixed shaft 31.
As shown in fig. 5, the lifting unit includes an air pump 34, an air cylinder 35 and a piston 36, the air pump 34 and the air cylinder 35 are both fixed on the top plate 5, the air pump 34 is electrically connected to the PLC, the air pump 34 is communicated with the air cylinder 35, the bottom end of the piston 36 is disposed in the air cylinder 35, and the top end of the piston 36 is fixedly connected to the moving plate 21.
PLC control air pump 34 starts, changes the atmospheric pressure in the cylinder 35, and when atmospheric pressure increased, piston 36 promoted movable plate 21 rebound, makes nozzle 22 move the top to second photovoltaic board 8, is convenient for clean, and when atmospheric pressure in the cylinder 35 reduced, piston 36 drove movable plate 21 rebound, makes nozzle 22 move the below to second photovoltaic board 8, avoids sheltering from second photovoltaic board 8 and first photovoltaic board 7.
Preferably, in order to drive the nozzle 22 to move, the translation unit includes a conveyor belt 37 and two driving units, the two driving units are respectively located at two ends of the conveyor belt 37, the driving unit includes an auxiliary motor 38, a vibration reduction block 39, a transmission shaft 40 and a driving wheel 41, the auxiliary motor 38 and the vibration reduction block 39 are both fixed above the moving plate 21, the auxiliary motor 38 is electrically connected with the PLC, the transmission shaft 40 is located between the auxiliary motor 38 and the vibration reduction block 39, the auxiliary motor 38 is in transmission connection with the transmission shaft 40, and the driving wheel 41 is sleeved on the transmission shaft 40. The PLC controls the auxiliary motor 38 in the driving unit to start, so as to rotate the transmission shaft 40, so as to rotate the driving wheel 41, so as to rotate the conveyor belt 37, and further to move the nozzle 22 on the conveyor belt 37.
As shown in fig. 5, the filtering assembly includes a filter screen 42, an actuating motor 43, a gear 44, a rack 45 and a cleaning plate 46, the actuating motor 43, the rack 45, the cleaning plate 46 and the filter screen 42 are sequentially disposed from top to bottom, two ends of the filter screen 42 are respectively fixed on inner walls of two sides of the water collecting tank 12, the actuating motor 43 is fixed on the inner wall of the water collecting tank 12, the actuating motor 43 is in transmission connection with the gear 44, the rack 45 is fixedly connected with the sealing plate 16, the rack 45 is engaged with the gear 44, the cleaning plate 46 is fixed below the rack 45, and the cleaning plate 46 abuts against the filter screen 42.
Keep apart the silt impurity of aquatic through filter screen 42 to clear away accumulational silt impurity on the filter screen 42 by PLC regularly, PLC control executive motor 43 moves, drives gear 44 and rotates, makes gear 44 drive rack 45 and removes, and then makes cleaning plate 46 remove, and along with cleaning plate 46's removal, cleaning plate 46 releases the silt on with filter screen 42 from the opening, and then gear 44 antiport makes cleaning plate 46 reset.
Preferably, in order to realize the stable movement of the rack 45, the filter assembly further includes a positioning rod 47, one end of the positioning rod 47 is fixed on the inner wall of the side of the water collecting tank 12 far away from the opening, and the other end of the positioning rod 47 is disposed in the rack 45. The movement direction of the rack 45 is fixed by the positioning rod 47, and the rack 45 is moved smoothly along the axis of the positioning rod 47.
Preferably, the actuating motor 43 is a dc servo motor in order to ensure the driving force of the actuating motor 43 by utilizing the characteristic that the driving force of the dc servo motor is strong.
In the solar street lamp, the direction of the first photovoltaic panel 7 is controlled by the telescopic component, so that the first photovoltaic panel 7 is opposite to the sunlight, the power generation efficiency is further improved, the angle of the second photovoltaic panel 8 is adjustable on both sides of the first photovoltaic panel 7, the driving motor 9 drives the second photovoltaic panel 8 to rotate to an angle parallel to the first photovoltaic panel 7 in the daytime, the receiving area of sunlight is enlarged, the power generation efficiency is improved, at night, the second photovoltaic panel 8 rotates to the position above the first photovoltaic panel 7, dust accumulation is prevented, the cleaning frequency is reduced, and moreover, the PLC controls the cleaning component to operate at regular time, the surfaces of the first photovoltaic plate 7 and the second photovoltaic plate 8 are washed and cleaned, so that the power generation efficiency is improved, the utilization is collected cover 13 and header tank 12 and is recycled rivers and the rainwater that washes, avoids equipment to extract rivers from the low department and washs, reduces energy consumption, has realized energy-conservation.
Compared with the prior art, this energy-saving wisdom city lighting device with clean dust function can make things convenient for the rotation of second photovoltaic board 8 through power generation mechanism, enlarge the receiving area of sunlight on daytime and improve the generating efficiency, second photovoltaic board 8 covers at night and realizes preventing dust on first photovoltaic board 7, compare with current power generation mechanism, this power generation mechanism structure is nimble, can be in good time according to the nimble angle of adjusting first photovoltaic board 7 and second photovoltaic board 8 of current time, moreover, wash away the cleanness to first photovoltaic board 7 and second photovoltaic board 8 through cleaning mechanism, get rid of the dust, improve generating efficiency, compare with current cleaning mechanism, this cleaning mechanism has the function of automatic recovery rivers and purifying, the consumption of water resource has been reduced, and realize energy-conserving effect, thereby the practicality of equipment has been improved.
In light of the foregoing description of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, many modifications and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the content of the specification, and must be determined according to the scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. An energy-saving smart city lighting device with a dust cleaning function is characterized by comprising a bottom plate (1), a lamp post (2), a lampshade (3), a lamp tube (4) and a power generation device, wherein the lamp post (2) is fixed above the bottom plate (1), the lampshade (3) is fixed on one side of the lamp post (2), the lamp tube (4) is arranged in the lampshade (3), the power generation device is positioned at the top end of the lamp post (2), the power generation device comprises a top plate (5), a power generation mechanism and a cleaning mechanism, the top plate (5) is fixed at the top end of the lamp post (2), the power generation mechanism is arranged above the top plate (5), a PLC is arranged in the bottom plate (1), and the lamp tube (4) is electrically connected with the PLC;
the power generation mechanism comprises a support column (6), a telescopic component, a first photovoltaic panel (7) and two power generation components, wherein the bottom end of the support column (6) is fixed on a top plate (5), the top end of the support column (6) is hinged to the first photovoltaic panel (7), two ends of the telescopic component are respectively connected with the first photovoltaic panel (7) and the support column (6), the two power generation components are respectively positioned at two sides of the first photovoltaic panel (7), the power generation components comprise a second photovoltaic panel (8), a driving motor (9), a first auxiliary rod (10), a second auxiliary rod (11) and a hinge unit, the second photovoltaic panel (8) is hinged to the first photovoltaic panel (7) through the hinge unit, the driving motor (9) is fixed on the first photovoltaic panel (7), the first photovoltaic panel (7) is electrically connected with a PLC, the driving motor (9) is in transmission connection with the first auxiliary rod (10), the first auxiliary rod (10) is hinged with the second photovoltaic plate (8) through a second light rod;
the cleaning mechanism comprises a water collecting tank (12), a collecting cover (13), a water pump (14), a water conveying pipe (15) and a cleaning assembly, the water collecting tank (12) is fixed at one end of a top plate (5), the cleaning assembly is positioned at the other end of the top plate (5), the collecting cover (13) is fixed on the water collecting tank, the water pump (14) is fixed at one side of the collecting cover (13) close to the cleaning assembly, the water pump (14) is electrically connected with the PLC, a sealing plate (16) is arranged at one side of the water collecting tank (12) far away from the cleaning assembly, an opening is arranged on the inner wall of one side of the sealing plate (16) far away from the cleaning assembly, a filtering assembly and a water collecting assembly are arranged in the water collecting tank (12), the water collecting assembly comprises a support (17), a sealing block (18), a spring (19) and two directional rods (20), and the support (17) is, the two ends of the support (17) are fixed to the top in the water collecting tank (12), the sealing block (18) is conical, the sealing block (18) is connected with the bottom in the support (17) through a spring (19), the spring (19) is in a compressed state, the two orientation rods (20) are respectively located on the two sides of the spring (19), the top ends of the orientation rods (20) are fixed below the sealing block (18), and the bottom of the support (17) is sleeved on the orientation rods (20);
the cleaning assembly sequentially comprises a lifting unit, a moving plate (21), a translation unit and a nozzle (22) from top to bottom, the lifting unit is in transmission connection with the moving plate (21), the moving plate (21) is obliquely arranged downwards, the translation unit is in transmission connection with the nozzle (22), and the water pump (14) is communicated with the nozzle (22) through a water conveying pipe (15);
the lamp post (2) is provided with a switch module, the switch module comprises a switch control circuit, the switch control circuit comprises a first resistor R1, a second resistor R2, a first diode D1, a second diode D2, a first MOS tube Q1 and a second MOS tube Q2, the grid of the first MOS tube Q1 is connected with the cathode of the first diode D1, the source of the first MOS tube Q1 is externally connected with a 12V direct-current voltage power supply, the drain of the first MOS tube Q1 is connected with the drain of the second MOS tube Q2, the source of the second MOS tube Q2 is grounded, the grid of the second MOS tube Q2 is connected with the anode of the second diode D2, the first resistor R1 is connected with the first diode D1 in parallel, the second resistor R2 is connected with the second diode D2 in parallel, and the anode of the first diode D1 is connected with the cathode of the second diode D2.
2. The energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function according to claim 1, wherein the telescopic assembly comprises a middle plate (23) and two telescopic units respectively located at two sides of the middle plate (23), the telescopic units comprise a power motor (24), a power shaft (25), a sleeve (26) and a connecting rod (27), the power motor (24) is fixed on the middle plate (23), the power motor (24) is electrically connected with the PLC, the sleeve (26) is sleeved on the power shaft (25), the connecting part of the sleeve (26) and the power shaft (25) is provided with a thread matching with the power shaft (25), the connecting rod (27) is fixed on the sleeve (26), one of the connecting rods (27) of the two telescopic units is hinged with the first photovoltaic plate (7), the other connecting rod (27) is hinged with the supporting column (6).
3. The energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function as claimed in claim 2, wherein the telescopic unit further comprises two position-limiting units, the two position-limiting units are respectively disposed on two sides of the sleeve (26), the position-limiting units comprise a stop ring (28), a stop rod (29) and a stop block (30), the stop block (30) is fixedly connected with the middle plate (23) through the stop rod (29), the stop ring (28) is sleeved on the stop rod (29), and the stop ring (28) is fixedly connected with the sleeve (26).
4. The energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function according to claim 1, wherein the hinge unit comprises a hinge rod and two connection units, the connection unit comprises a fixed shaft (31) and a collar (32), one of the fixed shafts (31) of the two connection units is fixed on the first photovoltaic panel (7), the other fixed shaft (31) is fixed on the second photovoltaic panel (8), the collar (32) is sleeved on the fixed shaft (31), and two ends of the hinge rod are respectively fixedly connected with the two collars (32).
5. The energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function as claimed in claim 4, wherein the fixed shaft (31) is provided with a plurality of protruding plates (33) at the periphery of the end far away from the first photovoltaic panel (7), and the protruding plates (33) are uniformly distributed at the periphery of the fixed shaft (31) in the circumferential direction.
6. The energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lifting unit comprises an air pump (34), an air cylinder (35) and a piston (36), the air pump (34) and the air cylinder (35) are both fixed on the top plate (5), the air pump (34) is electrically connected with the PLC, the air pump (34) is communicated with the air cylinder (35), the bottom end of the piston (36) is arranged in the air cylinder (35), and the top end of the piston (36) is fixedly connected with the moving plate (21).
7. The energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function according to claim 1, wherein the translation unit comprises a conveyor belt (37) and two driving units, the two driving units are respectively located at two ends of the conveyor belt (37), the driving units comprise an auxiliary motor (38), a vibration damping block (39), a transmission shaft (40) and a driving wheel (41), the auxiliary motor (38) and the vibration damping block (39) are both fixed above the moving plate (21), the auxiliary motor (38) is electrically connected with the PLC, the transmission shaft (40) is located between the auxiliary motor (38) and the vibration damping block (39), the auxiliary motor (38) is in transmission connection with the transmission shaft (40), and the driving wheel (41) is sleeved on the transmission shaft (40).
8. The energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the filtering component comprises a filter screen (42), an actuating motor (43), a gear (44), a rack (45) and a cleaning plate (46), the actuating motor (43), the rack (45), the cleaning plate (46) and the filter screen (42) are sequentially arranged from top to bottom, two ends of the filter screen (42) are respectively fixed on the inner walls of two sides of the water collecting tank (12), the actuating motor (43) is fixed on the inner wall of the water collecting tank (12), the actuating motor (43) is in transmission connection with the gear (44), the rack (45) is fixedly connected with the sealing plate (16), the rack (45) is meshed with the gear (44), the cleaning plate (46) is fixed below the rack (45), and the cleaning plate (46) abuts against the filter screen (42).
9. The energy-saving smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function as claimed in claim 1, wherein the filtering assembly further comprises a positioning rod (47), one end of the positioning rod (47) is fixed on the inner wall of the side of the water collecting tank (12) far from the opening, and the other end of the positioning rod (47) is disposed in the rack (45).
10. The smart city lighting device with dust cleaning function as claimed in claim 1, wherein the actuating motor (43) is a dc servo motor.
CN201910971487.0A 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 Energy-saving wisdom urban lighting device with clean dust function Withdrawn CN110608410A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910971487.0A CN110608410A (en) 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 Energy-saving wisdom urban lighting device with clean dust function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910971487.0A CN110608410A (en) 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 Energy-saving wisdom urban lighting device with clean dust function

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CN110608410A true CN110608410A (en) 2019-12-24

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CN201910971487.0A Withdrawn CN110608410A (en) 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 Energy-saving wisdom urban lighting device with clean dust function

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111359957A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-07-03 郝宏桥 Electromagnetic wave receiving and transmitting system with snow removing function
CN112691974A (en) * 2020-12-22 2021-04-23 张银齐 High-efficient dust collector of PCB board for LED production
CN113450485A (en) * 2021-07-08 2021-09-28 杭州云门道科技有限公司 Intelligent property system based on owner independent rights management
CN113566158A (en) * 2021-06-18 2021-10-29 王焕荣 Hidden lawn lamp
CN115158071A (en) * 2022-09-07 2022-10-11 华中科技大学 Charging system for electric automobile

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111359957A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-07-03 郝宏桥 Electromagnetic wave receiving and transmitting system with snow removing function
CN112691974A (en) * 2020-12-22 2021-04-23 张银齐 High-efficient dust collector of PCB board for LED production
CN113566158A (en) * 2021-06-18 2021-10-29 王焕荣 Hidden lawn lamp
CN113566158B (en) * 2021-06-18 2024-01-16 丽影电器(惠州)有限公司 Concealed lawn lamp
CN113450485A (en) * 2021-07-08 2021-09-28 杭州云门道科技有限公司 Intelligent property system based on owner independent rights management
CN113450485B (en) * 2021-07-08 2022-11-01 杭州云门道科技有限公司 Intelligent property system based on owner independent rights management
CN115158071A (en) * 2022-09-07 2022-10-11 华中科技大学 Charging system for electric automobile

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Application publication date: 20191224