CN110589145A - Automatic bale breaking workbench for round straw bales - Google Patents

Automatic bale breaking workbench for round straw bales Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110589145A
CN110589145A CN201910903559.8A CN201910903559A CN110589145A CN 110589145 A CN110589145 A CN 110589145A CN 201910903559 A CN201910903559 A CN 201910903559A CN 110589145 A CN110589145 A CN 110589145A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveyor
straw
round
net
belt conveyor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910903559.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈明江
高志伟
王振伟
赵维松
曲浩丽
谢虎
韩柏和
潘嘉亮
陈永生
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Compak Environmental Protection Equipment Co Ltd
Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Original Assignee
Shanghai Compak Environmental Protection Equipment Co Ltd
Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Compak Environmental Protection Equipment Co Ltd, Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture filed Critical Shanghai Compak Environmental Protection Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910903559.8A priority Critical patent/CN110589145A/en
Publication of CN110589145A publication Critical patent/CN110589145A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B69/00Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for
    • B65B69/0033Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for by cutting

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Control And Other Processes For Unpacking Of Materials (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic bale breaking workbench for round straw bales, which comprises a combined conveyor, a rotary cutter, a net hook and a secondary belt conveyor, wherein the combined conveyor is connected with the rotary cutter through a belt; the combined conveyor comprises a primary belt conveyor and a roller conveyor which are sequentially arranged along the conveying direction of the straw round bales, and the input end of the secondary belt conveyor is communicated with the output end of the roller conveyor; the rotary cutter is arranged at a transition area between the primary belt conveyor and the roller conveyor, and is higher than the lowest point of the bundling net of the straw round bag; transition region's between one-level band conveyer and the cylinder conveyer top is equipped with and spanes the portal frame of combination conveyer, install the net hook on the crossbeam of portal frame, the net hook is closer to secondary band conveyer just than the rotary cutter net hook is higher than the rotary cutter. The invention can automatically cut off the bundling net of the round straw bales and separate the bundling net from the round straw bales in the conveying process, and can meet the requirement of industrial scale utilization of straws.

Description

Automatic bale breaking workbench for round straw bales
Technical Field
The invention relates to an automatic bale breaking workbench for round straw bales, and belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery.
Background
With the common application of large-scale straw banders, most of the straws in China are bundled and harvested, and generally, the harvested bales are round bales and square bales. Wherein, the diameter and the height of the round straw bales are usually more than 1m, the round straw bales are tightly bound along the circumferential direction by using a binding net, and the weight of each round bale is generally over 100 kg. When the straw is industrially utilized, the bale net must be removed firstly for the round straw bales. However, because the size of the binding net is large and the binding is heavy, manual unpacking is not only low in efficiency, but also high in labor intensity, and the requirement for industrial utilization of the straw can not be met. Therefore, whether the round straw bales can be automatically unpacked becomes the bottleneck of the straw utilization industry, and no good solution exists for a long time.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problems that: provides a workbench which can improve the unpacking efficiency of the round straw bales.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme provided by the invention is as follows: an automatic bale breaking workbench for round bales of straws comprises a combined conveyor, a rotary cutter, a net hook and a secondary belt conveyor; the combined conveyor comprises a primary belt conveyor and a roller conveyor which are sequentially arranged along the conveying direction of the straw round bales, and the input end of the secondary belt conveyor is communicated with the output end of the roller conveyor; the rotary cutter is arranged at a transition area between the primary belt conveyor and the roller conveyor, and is higher than the lowest point of the bundling net of the straw round bag; transition region's between one-level band conveyer and the cylinder conveyer top is equipped with and spanes the portal frame of combination conveyer, install the net hook on the crossbeam of portal frame, the net hook is closer to secondary band conveyer just than the rotary cutter net hook is higher than the rotary cutter.
When the workbench operates, the primary belt conveyor of the combined conveyor conveys straw round bags towards the roller conveyor, before the straw round bags are conveyed into the roller conveyor, the bottom of each straw round bag is firstly contacted with the rotary cutter, a net bundle is gradually cut open, then net hooks on the portal frame are inserted into the straw round bags and hook the net bundle, the net bundle is gradually retained and accumulated at the net hooks, the straw round bags gradually separated from the net bundle pass the rotary cutter and enter the roller conveyor, after all the straw round bags are separated from the primary belt conveyor, the straw round bags are conveyed to the secondary belt conveyor by the roller conveyor, and the secondary belt conveyor is conveyed to the next process.
The invention can automatically cut off the bundling net of the round straw bales and separate the bundling net from the round straw bales in the conveying process, can meet the requirement of industrial scale utilization of straws, and solves the problems of low efficiency and high labor intensity of manual bale breaking in the prior art.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a view from a-a in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a view from E in fig. 1.
Reference numerals: 1-a pressure switch; 2-a secondary belt conveyor; 3-a reduction motor; 4-a conveying roller; 5-a transmission chain; 6-cutter motor seat; 7-a cutter motor; 8-rotating the cutter; 9-a worm gear case; 10-net hook; 11-a portal frame; 12-a driving pulley; 13-netting; 14-a stopper; 15-round straw bags; 16-a conveyor belt; 17-a roller conveyor; 18-a worm motor; 19-a gear motor; 20-first-level belt conveyor; 21-a screw rod.
Detailed Description
Examples
It should be noted that, the left and right in this embodiment are only for convenience of describing the conveying direction of the straw round bale, and should not be considered as limiting the invention. As shown in figure 1, when in work, the round straw bales are input into the workbench from the right side and output from the workbench from the left side, namely the conveying direction of the round straw bales is from right to left.
The automatic bale breaking workbench for straw round bales comprises a combined conveyor consisting of a primary belt conveyor 20 and a roller conveyor 17, a rotary cutter 8, a net hook 10, a secondary belt conveyor 2 and a pressure switch 1 as shown in figures 1-3. Wherein, the secondary belt conveyor 2 is arranged at the left side of the combined conveyor, and the secondary belt conveyor 2 is driven by the speed reducing motor 3 to receive the straw round bag 15 from the combined conveyor.
As shown in fig. 1, the combined conveyor is divided into a primary belt conveyor 20 and a roller conveyor 17 from right to left in this order. The primary belt conveyor 20 includes a driving pulley 12, a belt, and a driven pulley driven by a reduction motor 19, and the roller conveyor 17 includes a driving sprocket, a drive chain 5, a driven sprocket, and a plurality of conveying rollers 4 engaged with the drive chain 5. When the speed reducing motor 19 at the driving belt wheel 12 (i.e. the head wheel) of the primary belt conveyor 20 is started, the combined conveyor is driven to convey the straw round bag 15. A stopper 14 is arranged on one side (the front side in figure 1) of the primary belt conveyor 20, the stopper 14 is fixed on the ground, and the positioning surface of the stopper is parallel to the conveying direction of the combined conveyor, so that the straw round bag 15 is conveniently limited when the combined conveyor is used.
A cutter motor seat 6 fixed on the ground is arranged at the central position of a transition area where a primary belt conveyor 20 of a combined conveyor turns to a roller conveyor 17, a cutter motor 7 is installed on the cutter motor seat 6, a rotary cutter 8 is fixedly installed on an output shaft of the cutter motor 7, the working plane of the rotary cutter 8 is kept consistent with the conveying direction of straw bales, the highest point of the rotary cutter 8 is slightly higher than the height of a belt on the primary belt conveyor 20 (namely slightly higher than the lowest point of a bale net 13 of a straw round bale 15 on the primary belt conveyor 20), the highest point position of the rotary cutter 8 can be adjusted by manually adjusting the thickness of a base plate between the cutter motor 7 and the cutter motor seat 6, and the external dimensions of the cutter motor seat 6 and the cutter motor 7 do not influence the normal operation of the combined conveyor.
And a portal frame 11 spanning the combined conveyor is arranged at the transition area, the upright posts of the portal frame 11 are fixed on the ground at two sides of the combined conveyor, a net hook 10 is arranged in the middle of a cross beam of the portal frame 11, the net hook 10 is made of wear-resistant materials, and the net hook 10 is positioned above the left side of the rotary cutter 8.
As a preferred scheme, a worm gear box 9 is fixedly installed in the middle of a cross beam of the portal frame 11, a worm gear pair transmission structure and a screw rod nut transmission structure are arranged in the worm gear box 9, a worm motor 18 drives a worm to drive a worm wheel to rotate, the worm wheel drives a nut to rotate, and a screw rod 21 is driven to move up and down. The bottom of the screw rod 21 is detachably and fixedly connected with a net hook 10, and when the net hook 10 is worn (dull), the net hook can be detached for repair and then reinstalled for use; of course, the screw rod 21 and the net hook 10 can also be integrally formed. When the worm motor 18 is started, the net hook 10 can be lifted up and down (can not rotate) at a low speed so as to adjust the height of the net hook 10 (slightly lower than the highest point of the bale net 13 of the straw round bag 15 on the conveying belt 16), the horizontal position of the net hook 10 is on the left of the axial position of the highest point of the rotary cutter 8 at a small distance, the left position and the right position of the cutter motor 7 can be finely adjusted, and the power supply of the worm motor 18 is cut off after the position of the net hook 10 is adjusted.
Preferably, the secondary belt conveyor 2 is mounted on the ground by means of legs, wherein one leg is provided with a pressure switch 1, as shown in fig. 1, in this case the pressure switch 1 is arranged on the leg at the left end wheel. When the round straw bales 15 separated from the netting 13 are conveyed to the left end wheel of the secondary belt conveyor 2, as the bearing of the head wheel is obviously increased, the pressure switch 1 arranged on the supporting leg at the position acts, and a signal is sent out after a preset time delay of several seconds, so that the automatic bale-unpacking workbench stops operating, and the automatic conveying and bale-unpacking work of one round straw bale is completed.
The whole working process of the automatic round straw bale unpacking workbench is as follows:
firstly, an operator drives the loader to clamp two end faces of the round straw bag 15, the round straw bag 15 is placed on the conveying belt 16 from the side face of the primary belt conveyor 20 of the combined conveyor, a generatrix on one side of the round straw bag 15 is close to a positioning face of the stopper 14, and the loading of the automatic unpacking workbench is completed.
Secondly, an operator clicks the worm motor 18, the position of the net hook 10 is adjusted (slightly lower than the highest point of the bundle net 13 of the straw round bales 15 on the conveying belt), the workbench is started at the moment, the power supply of the speed reducing motor 3, the speed reducing motor 19 and the cutter motor 7 is switched on, the automatic unpacking workbench starts to operate, the conveying belt at the right end of the combined conveyor drives the straw round bales 15 to convey leftwards, when the straw round bales pass through the rotary cutter 8, the lowermost bundle net 13 on the straw round bales 15 is gradually cut off along the longitudinal direction by the rotary cutter 8, meanwhile, the net hook 10 at the upper part is inserted into the straw round bales 15 to hook the bundle net 13, the bundle net 13 is continuously conveyed leftwards along with the straw round bales 15, the bundle nets 13 are all cut off, meanwhile, the net hook 10 hooks all the bundle nets 13 of the straw round bales 15, the bundle 13 of the straw round bales 15 is gradually separated from the straw round bales, when the automatic unpacking machine is conveyed to the left end wheel, the pressure switch 1 sends a signal, and the power supplies of the speed reducing motor 3, the speed reducing motor 19 and the cutter motor 7 are cut off after a delay of several seconds, so that the automatic unpacking workbench is stopped.
Finally, the operator collects and takes away the retained nets 13 at the net hook 10, cleans all the equipment and surrounding fields of the workbench, and then starts the next working cycle of the workbench.
The present invention is not limited to the specific technical solutions described in the above embodiments, and other embodiments may be made in the present invention in addition to the above embodiments. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes, substitutions of equivalents, and alterations can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides an automatic workstation of unpacking of straw circle package which characterized in that: comprises a combined conveyor, a rotary cutter, a net hook and a secondary belt conveyor;
the combined conveyor comprises a primary belt conveyor and a roller conveyor which are sequentially arranged along the conveying direction of the straw round bales, and the input end of the secondary belt conveyor is communicated with the output end of the roller conveyor;
the rotary cutter is arranged at a transition area between the primary belt conveyor and the roller conveyor, and is higher than the lowest point of the bundling net of the straw round bag;
transition region's between one-level band conveyer and the cylinder conveyer top is equipped with and spanes the portal frame of combination conveyer, install the net hook on the crossbeam of portal frame, the net hook is closer to secondary band conveyer just than the rotary cutter net hook is higher than the rotary cutter.
2. The automatic round straw bale unpacking workbench according to claim 1, characterized in that: one side of the first-level belt conveyor is provided with a stopper fixed on the ground, and the positioning surface of the stopper is parallel to the conveying direction of the straw round bag.
3. The automatic round straw bale unpacking workbench according to claim 1, characterized in that: the portal frame is characterized in that a worm gear box is mounted on a cross beam of the portal frame, a worm gear and worm pair transmission structure and a screw rod and nut transmission structure are arranged in the worm gear box, a worm is driven by a worm motor to drive a worm gear to rotate, the worm gear drives a nut to rotate to drive a screw rod to move up and down, and the net hook is detachably fixedly connected to the bottom of the screw rod.
4. The automatic round straw bale unpacking workbench according to claim 1, characterized in that: the secondary belt conveyor is arranged on the ground through supporting legs, and a pressure switch is arranged on one supporting leg; and when the pressure switch detects the pressure of the straw round bag, delaying the preset time to send a signal, and stopping the combined conveyor, the rotary cutter and the secondary belt conveyor.
CN201910903559.8A 2019-09-24 2019-09-24 Automatic bale breaking workbench for round straw bales Pending CN110589145A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910903559.8A CN110589145A (en) 2019-09-24 2019-09-24 Automatic bale breaking workbench for round straw bales

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910903559.8A CN110589145A (en) 2019-09-24 2019-09-24 Automatic bale breaking workbench for round straw bales

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110589145A true CN110589145A (en) 2019-12-20

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910903559.8A Pending CN110589145A (en) 2019-09-24 2019-09-24 Automatic bale breaking workbench for round straw bales

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CN (1) CN110589145A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111232349A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-06-05 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Automatic bale breaking workbench for straw square bales
CN113228953A (en) * 2021-07-09 2021-08-10 潍坊工商职业学院 Bundling device is used in hay processing

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1993018973A1 (en) * 1992-03-24 1993-09-30 Conpap Ab Device for removing wrapping strings from wrapped articles
CN1781811A (en) * 2004-09-07 2006-06-07 曼.罗兰.德鲁克马辛伦公司 System and method for the unpacking of a printing-paper roll
CN103072727A (en) * 2013-02-23 2013-05-01 云南同云科贸有限公司 Machine for cutting off and eliminating binding and winding cord
CN204776354U (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-11-18 福建农林大学 Automatic bale breaking discharging device of chemical fertilizer bag
CN105564754A (en) * 2016-02-18 2016-05-11 华侨大学 Automatic bag opening and discharging device
CN106240978A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-21 安徽省宿州市汇丰液压机械有限公司 A kind of Straw bale disassembling apparatus and disassembling method
CN207389771U (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-05-22 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of unpack automatically unloads stalk machine sensing trigger control device
CN208344697U (en) * 2018-03-23 2019-01-08 青岛优享供应链有限公司 One kind adaptively drawing packed set

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1993018973A1 (en) * 1992-03-24 1993-09-30 Conpap Ab Device for removing wrapping strings from wrapped articles
CN1781811A (en) * 2004-09-07 2006-06-07 曼.罗兰.德鲁克马辛伦公司 System and method for the unpacking of a printing-paper roll
CN103072727A (en) * 2013-02-23 2013-05-01 云南同云科贸有限公司 Machine for cutting off and eliminating binding and winding cord
CN204776354U (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-11-18 福建农林大学 Automatic bale breaking discharging device of chemical fertilizer bag
CN105564754A (en) * 2016-02-18 2016-05-11 华侨大学 Automatic bag opening and discharging device
CN106240978A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-21 安徽省宿州市汇丰液压机械有限公司 A kind of Straw bale disassembling apparatus and disassembling method
CN207389771U (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-05-22 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of unpack automatically unloads stalk machine sensing trigger control device
CN208344697U (en) * 2018-03-23 2019-01-08 青岛优享供应链有限公司 One kind adaptively drawing packed set

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111232349A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-06-05 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Automatic bale breaking workbench for straw square bales
CN111232349B (en) * 2020-01-19 2022-05-13 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Automatic bale breaking workbench for straw square bales
CN113228953A (en) * 2021-07-09 2021-08-10 潍坊工商职业学院 Bundling device is used in hay processing

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Application publication date: 20191220