CN110550459A - Magnetic suspension cargo handling turnover system - Google Patents

Magnetic suspension cargo handling turnover system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110550459A
CN110550459A CN201810572663.9A CN201810572663A CN110550459A CN 110550459 A CN110550459 A CN 110550459A CN 201810572663 A CN201810572663 A CN 201810572663A CN 110550459 A CN110550459 A CN 110550459A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
magnetic suspension
track
tray
platform
magnetic
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CN201810572663.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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不公告发明人
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付中华
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Priority to CN201810572663.9A priority Critical patent/CN110550459A/en
Publication of CN110550459A publication Critical patent/CN110550459A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G54/00Non-mechanical conveyors not otherwise provided for
    • B65G54/02Non-mechanical conveyors not otherwise provided for electrostatic, electric, or magnetic

Abstract

Magnetic suspension cargo handling turnover system has announced the cargo handling turnover mode of an intelligence, economy, high efficiency, environmental protection, and it includes place docking mechanism, magnetic suspension track vehicle chassis, magnetic suspension track lift platform, magnetic suspension track moving platform, magnetic suspension conveying suspension track, magnetic suspension tray, well accuse platform etc. its main characteristic is: the magnetic suspension transfer tracks are respectively arranged on the automobile chassis, the lifting platform and the rail car, and can be in butt joint and communication with the plurality of magnetic suspension conveying tracks in different spaces through the movement of the automobile chassis, the lifting platform and the rail car, so that the magnetic suspension tray and goods can be switched and slide among the plurality of three-dimensional magnetic suspension tracks, and the integrated loading and unloading and three-dimensional transfer of the goods are realized. The logistics industry realizes the mode of transfer and storage of large-piece goods and small-piece goods in batches, can help road transportation and railway transportation to realize fusion development, and can be suitable for the manufacturing industry.

Description

Magnetic suspension cargo handling turnover system
Technical Field
The magnetic suspension cargo handling turnover system can be applied to the fields of logistics industry, express industry, manufacturing industry, intelligent parking garages, intelligent conveying production lines and the like. After the technology is adopted in the logistics industry, an integrated transportation mode of large-piece goods in batches and small express delivery can be realized, and an integrated networking operation mode of highways and railways can also be realized; after the technology is adopted, the manufacturing industry can realize an integrated construction mode between a production workshop and storage.
Background
In the links of loading, unloading, transferring, storing, sorting and the like of the current logistics transportation industry, although a large number of devices such as forklifts, tower cranes, conveyor belts and the like are used, the current logistics industry is still a labor-intensive industry due to the limitation of factors such as fields, cargo properties, self defects of machinery, labor cost and the like, the highway transportation and the railway transportation cannot be deeply integrated and developed, the cost is high, the efficiency is still the biggest bottleneck of the development of the logistics industry!
Disclosure of Invention
The magnetic suspension cargo loading and unloading turnover system adopts the principle of a magnetic suspension train, and respectively utilizes two structures of an attraction type and a suspension type, and comprises a field butt joint mechanism, a magnetic suspension rail automobile chassis, a magnetic suspension rail lifting platform, a magnetic suspension rail moving platform, a magnetic suspension conveying rail, a magnetic suspension tray and a central control platform, it is mainly characterized in that the magnetic suspension switching track is respectively arranged on an automobile chassis, a lifting platform and a rail car, and the magnetic suspension transfer track can be in butt joint communication with a plurality of magnetic suspension transfer tracks in different spaces through the movement of the automobile chassis, the lifting platform and the rail car, so that the magnetic suspension tray and the goods can slide between a plurality of three-dimensional magnetic suspension tracks in a switching way, thereby realized the transportation of the wholeization loading and unloading of goods and three-dimensional conveying, according to the needs of site design, lift platform can also install at the railcar.
The site docking mechanism is characterized in that the site docking mechanism is fixed at the front end of a site loading and unloading port and consists of an iron gate and an electric hydraulic lifter, spring rod type square power rail docking plugs, spring rod type bullet head type alternating current coil docking plugs and circular concave holes are distributed at the top end of the iron gate, the power rail docking plugs and the alternating current coil docking plugs are respectively connected with a power supply of a central control platform through cables, the electric hydraulic lifter is connected with the power supply of the central control platform through a position identification controller, and the position identification controller is installed at the horizontal central position of the front end of a magnetic suspension conveying track close to the site loading and unloading port.
The magnetic suspension rail automobile chassis is characterized in that the common automobile chassis is modified into a magnetic suspension rail type automobile chassis, a light beam emitter is arranged at the horizontal middle position at the rear end of the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis and is connected with an automobile storage battery, a spring rod type concave surface type alternating current coil butt joint plug and a plane contact type power supply track butt joint plug are vertically and downwards arranged at the rear end of the magnetic suspension track, a Bluetooth gravity sensor is arranged at the stress position of the automobile chassis supporting the magnetic suspension track, an antiskid device in a shape of crossing dog teeth or crossing grids is arranged at the stress position of the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis supporting the magnetic suspension tray for stabilizing the magnetic suspension tray, and the height of the anti-skid devices relative to the plane of the magnetic suspension track is not more than 0.5 cm in the attraction type structure and not more than 5 cm in the repulsion type structure.
The magnetic suspension track lifting platform is characterized in that two ends of the top of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform are respectively provided with an adjusting wheel, two groups of adjusting wheels can be linked and relatively rotated through the combination of a gear on the side surface of the adjusting wheels, a transmission gear, an auxiliary motor driving gear and a transmission chain, the transmission gear is a double-sided gear, one side gear of the transmission gear is combined with the gear on the side surface of the adjusting wheels, the other side of the transmission gear is connected with the transmission chain, the auxiliary motor mainly utilizes the resistance to control the rotating speed of the two groups of adjusting wheels when not started, when the magnetic propulsion system can not normally operate, the auxiliary motor can drive the two groups of adjusting wheels to operate, the auxiliary magnetic propulsion system completes tasks, the adjusting wheels are fixed on a central shaft through bearings, the two square shapes at the two ends of the central shaft are embedded on the two sides, under the buffer protection of the shock absorber, the central shaft can move up and down, under the condition of no external pressure, the wheel surface of the adjusting wheel is higher than the top of the magnetic suspension track, the lifting platform of the magnetic suspension track can be divided into two operation modes of a hydraulic platform and a pulley platform, the hydraulic platform drives an electric hydraulic pump to lift through a motor, the pulley platform pulls a pulley block through a speed reducer to lift, the power source of the lifting platform is the motor, the motor is connected with a position identification controller through a cable, the position identification controller is arranged at the horizontal central position at two ends of the magnetic suspension track of the lifting platform and is connected with the power source of the central control platform through a cable, when the position identification controller receives an optical signal, the position identification controller can automatically disconnect the central control platform, and a Bluetooth high-precision weighing sensor is arranged at the bearing position of the magnetic suspension track supported by the lifting platform, the magnetic suspension track lifting platform is an electronic scale which takes a magnetic suspension track as a bearing force transmission mechanism, the handheld data terminal is a matched weighing display of the electronic scale, the handheld data terminal is an intelligent data processor which can download and install logistics operation software, the handheld data terminal has wireless signal receiving and transmitting functions, and is also provided with a bar code scanner and a camera capable of identifying two-dimensional codes, the magnetic suspension track lifting platform is an intelligent cargo operation platform, the magnetic suspension track lifting platform can move up and down according to the switching requirement of a magnetic suspension tray, so that the magnetic suspension track can be vertically switched and communicated with a plurality of magnetic suspension transmission tracks, the magnetic suspension tray can be switched and slide among the plurality of magnetic suspension transmission tracks which are vertical to each other, the weight of the magnetic suspension tray can be measured, and the bar code scanning function of the handheld data terminal can be used, the goods and the magnetic suspension tray are subjected to information binding or unbinding, and logistics and weight information is transmitted to the central control platform through wireless signals of the handheld data terminal.
The magnetic suspension track moving platform is characterized in that the magnetic suspension track moving platform can move back and forth on a track according to the switching requirement of a magnetic suspension tray, so that the magnetic suspension translation switching track can be horizontally switched and communicated with a plurality of magnetic suspension conveying tracks, the magnetic suspension tray can be translated and switched and slide among the magnetic suspension conveying tracks which are not on the same straight line, two ends of the top of the magnetic suspension track moving platform are respectively provided with adjusting wheels, two groups of adjusting wheels can be linked and relatively rotated through the combination of gears on the side surfaces of the adjusting wheels, a transmission gear, a fixed gear, an auxiliary motor driving gear and a transmission chain, the transmission gear is a double-sided gear, one gear of the transmission gear is combined with the gear on the side surface of the adjusting wheel, the other surface of the transmission gear is connected with the transmission chain, and when the auxiliary, when the magnetic propulsion system can not normally operate, two groups of adjusting wheels can be driven by an auxiliary motor to operate, the auxiliary magnetic propulsion system completes tasks, the adjusting wheels are fixed on a central shaft through bearings, two ends of the central shaft are square and are embedded on two sides of the top of a magnetic suspension track through shock absorbers, electronic magnetic heads are installed below the shock absorbers, the central shaft can move up and down under the buffer protection of the shock absorbers, the wheel surface of each adjusting wheel is higher than the top of the magnetic suspension track under the condition of no external pressure, a rail car is a steel structure moving platform with a rail wheel installed at the bottom, the rail wheel can roll on a rail, the rail wheel is connected with a driving motor inside the moving platform through a speed reducer, two friction plates are wrapped on two sides of a motor transmission shaft between the speed reducer and the driving motor, the lower ends of fixing frames of the friction plates are respectively fixed on two ends of a, the middle position of two fixed frames is connected with a spring connecting rod with an adjusting screw, the adjusting screw can adjust the distance between two friction plates and a motor transmission shaft, the top of one fixed frame is fixed with the vertex angle of an L-shaped lever through a connecting shaft, the top of the other fixed frame is fixed with the tail end of a connecting rod through the connecting shaft, the front end of the connecting rod is connected with the short rod end of the L-shaped lever through the connecting shaft, the long rod end of the L-shaped lever is connected with the top end of a hydraulic telescopic rod of an electric hydraulic pump through the connecting shaft, after the electric hydraulic pump is connected with current through a position recognition controller, the hydraulic telescopic rod can lift the L-shaped lever upwards, so that the vertex angle of the L-shaped lever pushes the fixed frame outwards, meanwhile, the other end of the L-shaped lever rotates clockwise to push the connecting rod, and the tail end of the connecting rod pushes, the friction plate on the fixing frame is separated from the motor transmission shaft, the motor transmission shaft drives the track wheel to rotate after speed is changed by the speed reducer, the rail car is pushed to move back and forth on the rail by means of thrust generated by friction between the track wheel and the rail, when the position recognition controller cuts off the power supply of the electric hydraulic pump and the driving motor, the fixing frame is mutually folded under the action of retraction force of the spring connecting rod, so that the friction plate tightly holds the motor transmission shaft, the motor transmission shaft stops rotating under the action of friction force, the track wheel is controlled to stop rotating by the speed reducer, the magnetic suspension rail moving platform stops moving under the action of friction resistance between the track wheel and the rail, the rail is laid by a common steel rail provided with an electronic magnetic head, the electronic magnetic head can synchronously upload the displacement information of the magnetic suspension rail moving platform to a central control computer, and the rail and the magnetic suspension conveying rail are vertically and three-, the middle of the chassis and the track of the rail car is connected with a chain type protective cover which is used for protecting a connecting cable between a magnetic suspension track moving platform and a central control platform, the two ends of the magnetic suspension track moving platform are horizontally provided with position identification controllers in the middle, the position identification controllers are connected with the central control platform through cables, when the position identification controllers receive optical signals, the position identification controllers can automatically break off the connection with the central control platform, the bearing position of the magnetic suspension track supported by the rail car is provided with a gravity sensor, and when a magnetic suspension tray slides onto the magnetic suspension track, the gravity sensor can upload weight induction signals to a central control computer of the central control platform through optical cables.
The magnetic suspension transfer track is characterized in that a magnetic suspension tray slides in a connecting channel between a magnetic suspension track lifting platform and a magnetic suspension track transfer car, light beam emitters are respectively installed at horizontal central positions of two ends of the magnetic suspension transfer track, the light beam emitters obtain a power supply of a central control platform through cables, the magnetic suspension transfer track and a magnetic suspension track of an adjacent magnetic suspension track moving platform are separated in parallel at the same horizontal height, the magnetic suspension transfer track and the magnetic suspension track of the adjacent magnetic suspension track lifting platform are vertically separated on the same straight line, and the separation distance of the magnetic suspension transfer track and the magnetic suspension track is smaller than the diameter of a roller type power supply connector of the magnetic suspension.
The magnetic suspension cargo handling turnover system is characterized in that all relatively independent magnetic suspension tracks are provided with independent central control platform power supply control switches, and are provided with independent track steel structure bodies, power supply tracks and alternating current coils, wherein the power supply tracks and the alternating current coils are respectively connected with the central control platform power supply control switches through cables, the alternating current coils can be divided into single-phase electric coils and three-phase electric coils according to different access power supplies, the single-phase electric coils are accessed with the single-phase power supplies and are suitable for simple point-to-point cargo handling turnover, the three-phase electric coils are accessed with the three-phase alternating current power supplies and are suitable for cargo handling turnover with more links, when current passes through, the alternating current coils generate magnetic force repeatedly converted between an N pole and an S pole, and when the power of flowing current changes, the magnetic force intensity also synchronously changes.
The magnetic suspension cargo handling turnover system is characterized in that a magnetic suspension track is divided into an 'I' type structure mode and a 'U' type structure mode, wherein an alternating current coil and an induction steel plate are respectively arranged above the 'I' type track and below an upper extending arm part, or the alternating current coil and an electromagnet are respectively arranged on two sides and above the 'I' type track, or the alternating current coil and the electromagnet are respectively arranged on the inner side and the bottom of the 'U' type track, or the electromagnet is arranged on the inner side of the 'U' type track, the alternating current coil is arranged at the bottom of the 'I' type track, and the induction steel plates are arranged at the tops of the two sides which turn downwards.
The magnetic suspension tray is characterized in that the magnetic suspension tray can carry a container and can be changed into a magnetic suspension container and can slide on a magnetic suspension track, the power of the magnetic suspension tray is derived from the repeated magnetic acting force between a propulsion electromagnet and an alternating current coil of the magnetic suspension track, the two propulsion electromagnets are taken as a group and are respectively arranged on two zigzag connecting rods with the same length, the magnetic poles of the two groups of propulsion electromagnets are symmetrical, a driving gear of a motor is arranged between the two zigzag connecting rods, the motor can be remotely controlled and can select the magnetic contact and separation between the propulsion electromagnet and the alternating current coil of the magnetic suspension track according to the running requirement of the magnetic suspension tray, a plastic disc rotary power controller switch is arranged on the side surface of the magnetic suspension tray, the power controller switch is independently connected with the magnetic suspension tray propulsion electromagnet through a lead, and can preset the current intensity of the propulsion electromagnets, the magnetic force intensity of the propelling electromagnet is preset, the propelling electromagnet can be replaced by a permanent magnet, an envelope-shaped plastic glass label is respectively fixed at the front end and the rear end of the magnetic suspension tray and can be used for placing a bar code label or a two-dimensional code card, the magnetic suspension tray is contacted with a power supply rail of a magnetic suspension rail through a roller-type power supply connector to obtain a direct current power supply, the roller-type power supply connector comprises a tubular connecting rod and a conductive roller, the upper end of the connecting rod is fixedly suspended on a fixed hole at the bottom of the magnetic suspension tray through a fixed shaft and a torsion spring, a spring-type power supply brush is installed in the middle of the lower end of the connecting rod and is connected with an electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray through a lead in the connecting rod, two fixed holes are respectively arranged at two sides of the lower end of the connecting rod, the power regulator can continuously enhance the current intensity of the electromagnetic groups under the guidance of the displacement inductor before the electromagnetic groups are separated from the induction steel plate until the magnetic suspension tray is separated from the magnetic suspension track in a magnetic suspension way, the power regulator for obtaining the displacement signals of the displacement inductor can automatically fix the current intensity of the electromagnetic groups, the magnetic suspension tray is divided into two structural modes of an inverted U-shaped mode and an I-shaped mode, firstly, channel steel is additionally arranged below a common tray to form an inverted U-shaped steel structure body, and electromagnets are respectively installed at the top of the inner side of the inverted U-shaped steel structure body and the tops of the two inverted upper parts, or electromagnets are respectively installed at the top of the inner side of the inverted U-shaped steel structure body and the inner sides of the two inverted upper parts, and secondly, channel steel is additionally installed below the common tray to form the I-shaped steel structure body, and electromagnets are respectively installed below the bottom of the I-shaped steel structure body and on the two sides of the lower extending arm, or electromagnets are respectively installed below and above the bottom of the I-shaped steel structure body and on the two sides of the lower extending arm.
The central control platform is characterized by comprising a central control computer, an alternating current power supply, a rectifier, a direct current frequency converter and an alternating current frequency converter, wherein the direct current frequency converter and the alternating current frequency converter are intelligent frequency converters capable of receiving a command program of the central control computer, the alternating current frequency converter can respectively use two models of a single-phase alternating current frequency converter and three alternating current frequency converters, the three alternating current frequency converters have the advantage of being provided with direction converters, the central control computer controls the intensity and the direction of the output current of the alternating current power supply by regulating and controlling the direct current frequency converter and the alternating current frequency converter, the alternating current power supply firstly converts a part of alternating current into direct current through the rectifier and then respectively transmits the direct current to the alternating current frequency converter and the direct current frequency converter, and the alternating current frequency converter and the direct current frequency converter control the intensity and the direction of the current transmitted to each power consumption unit of the magnetic suspension tray switching system according, according to the weight of the magnetic suspension tray, the central control computer can not only complete magnetic suspension separation of the electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray and the induction steel plate of the magnetic suspension track in the shortest time by means of presetting the current intensity output by the direct current frequency converter, but also control the advancing speed of the magnetic suspension tray by means of presetting the current intensity output by the alternating current frequency converter, and also control the advancing direction of the magnetic suspension tray by means of presetting the current directions output by the three alternating current frequency converters.
The central control platform is characterized in that the central control platform comprehensively controls a magnetic suspension cargo loading and unloading turnover system, a light beam emitter of an automobile is firstly opened before loading and unloading, then the displacement of the automobile is carried out, after a rear port of a chassis of the magnetic suspension rail automobile is butted with the outer end of a lifting platform of a magnetic suspension rail, an alternating current frequency converter is connected with a power supply of a hydraulic lifter of a site butting mechanism under the regulation and control of a central control computer, the upper end of the site butting mechanism can lift the rear end of the chassis of the magnetic suspension rail automobile upwards, an anti-skid rod is inserted into a circular concave hole at the top of the site butting mechanism, so that the chassis of the magnetic suspension rail automobile and the site butting mechanism are fixed together, and meanwhile, an alternating current coil butting plug and a power supply rail butting plug at the rear end of the chassis of the magnetic suspension rail automobile are respectively combined with an alternating, when the position recognition controller at the front end of the magnetic suspension transmission floating track receives an optical signal of a light beam transmitter, the position recognition controller can disconnect the power supply of a hydraulic lifter of the site docking mechanism, so that the chassis of the magnetic suspension track automobile and the magnetic suspension transmission floating track are at the same horizontal position, under the regulation and control of a central control computer, the alternating current frequency converter can be connected with the power supply of an electric hydraulic pump of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform, the electric hydraulic pump can drive the magnetic suspension track lifting platform to move up and down, when the position recognition controller of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform receives the optical signal, the position recognition controller can disconnect the power supply of the electric hydraulic pump, the magnetic suspension track lifting platform is connected with the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis and the magnetic suspension transmission floating track in a docking mode, and under the regulation and control of the central control computer, the alternating current frequency converter and the direct current frequency converter can be respectively connected with an alternating current coil docking plug of the site docking mechanism and an After magnetic suspension separation is completed between an electromagnetic group of a magnetic suspension tray and an induction steel plate of a magnetic suspension track automobile chassis, a propelling electromagnet is switched to an opening mode through rotation of a remote control motor driving gear, the magnetic suspension tray slides to a magnetic suspension track lifting platform under the pushing of magnetic force between the propelling electromagnet and an alternating current coil of the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis, when the magnetic suspension tray passes through a butt joint port, the propelling electromagnet is preferably switched to a closing mode through rotation of the remote control motor driving gear, the phenomenon of shell clamping caused by untidy butt joint ports is prevented, after the magnetic suspension tray leaves an adjusting wheel of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform, an electronic magnetic head below the adjusting wheel can upload signals to a central control computer, a direct current frequency converter can cut off the power supply of a power supply track of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform, and the electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray can lose the power supply, under the combined action of the reverse rotating force of the adjusting wheel and the gravity of the magnetic suspension tray, the magnetic suspension tray stops on a magnetic suspension track lifting platform, the collected logistics and weight information is transmitted to a central control computer through a wireless signal at a handheld data terminal, under the regulation and control of the central control computer, an alternating current frequency converter and a direct current frequency converter are respectively connected with alternating current coils of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform and a magnetic suspension transmission track and the current of a power supply track, after magnetic suspension separation is completed between an electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray and an induction steel plate of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform, the magnetic suspension tray slides to the magnetic suspension track moving platform through the magnetic suspension transmission track under the pushing of the magnetic suspension tray between a propelling electromagnet and the alternating current coils of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform, and after the magnetic suspension tray leaves the adjusting wheel of the magnetic suspension track moving platform, the electronic magnetic head under the regulating wheel can transfer the signal to the central control computer, the DC frequency converter can cut off the power supply of the power supply track of the magnetic suspension track moving platform, the electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray can lose power supply, under the combined action of the reverse rotating force of the regulating wheel and the gravity of the magnetic suspension tray, the magnetic suspension tray can be stopped on the magnetic suspension track moving platform, the gravity sensor of the magnetic suspension track moving platform can transfer the weight signal to the central control computer by means of optical cable, after the weight signal is not changed any more, according to the command program of the central control computer, the AC frequency converter can be connected with the power supply of the electric hydraulic pump and driving motor of the magnetic suspension track moving platform, the hydraulic telescopic rod of the electric hydraulic pump can lift the long rod end of the L lever upwards by means of the connecting shaft, so that the top angle of the L lever can push the fixing frame outwards, and at the same time the connecting rod fixed by the, the spring connecting rod on the fixing frame is elongated, the friction plate on the fixing frame is separated from the motor transmission shaft, the motor transmission shaft is speed-changed by means of speed reducer, and can be used for driving track wheel of magnetic suspension track moving platform to rotate, under the action of thrust produced by friction between driving track wheel and track, the magnetic suspension track moving platform can be driven to target magnetic suspension conveying track, and the electronic magnetic head on the track can be used for synchronously up-transmitting displacement information of magnetic suspension track moving platform to central control computer, when the magnetic suspension track moving platform is close to target magnetic suspension conveying track, the current intensity delivered by AC frequency converter to driving motor can be reduced, and the moving speed of magnetic suspension track moving platform can be slowed down, when the position identification controller of magnetic suspension track moving platform receives optical signal, the position identification controller can automatically cut off the power supply of electric hydraulic pump and driving motor, and under the action of retraction, the fixing frames are mutually folded to enable the friction plates to tightly hold the motor transmission shaft, the motor transmission shaft stops rotating under the action of friction force, the track wheels are controlled by the speed reducer to stop rotating, the magnetic suspension track moving platform stops moving under the action of the friction resistance between the track wheels and the track, the magnetic suspension track moving platform and the target magnetic suspension conveying track are in butt joint communication, the direct current frequency converter and the alternating current frequency converter are respectively communicated with the alternating current coil of the transfer car in the magnetic suspension track and the current of the power supply track under the regulation and control of the central control computer, after magnetic suspension separation is completed between the electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray and the induction steel plate of the transfer car in the magnetic suspension track, the magnetic suspension tray passes through the target magnetic suspension conveying track and slides to the target magnetic suspension track lifting platform under the magnetic force of the alternating current coil of the transfer car in the magnetic suspension track, when the magnetic suspension tray leaves the adjusting wheel of the target magnetic suspension track lifting platform, the electronic magnetic head below the adjusting wheel can transmit signals to the central control computer, the direct current frequency converter can cut off the power supply of the power supply track of the target magnetic suspension track lifting platform, the electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray can lose the power supply, the magnetic suspension tray can stop on the target magnetic suspension track lifting platform under the combined action of the reverse rotating force of the adjusting wheel and the gravity of the magnetic suspension tray, and after the goods are loaded, the alternating current frequency converter is switched on the power supply of the hydraulic lifter of the field docking mechanism again under the regulation and control of the central control computer to enable the field docking mechanism to move downwards, so that the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis and the field docking mechanism are thoroughly separated.
Technical advantages
The magnetic suspension cargo handling turnover system is an intelligent, efficient, economic and environment-friendly cargo turnover mode, can help logistics industry to realize a transportation transfer storage mode integrating large-piece cargos in batches and small-piece express delivery, and can also help road transportation and railway transportation to realize fusion development. The intelligent operation of the magnetic suspension lifting platform and the intelligent control of the field central control platform realize an intelligent operation mode; the system is characterized in that magnetic suspension transfer tracks are respectively arranged on an automobile chassis, a lifting platform and a rail car, and the magnetic suspension transfer tracks can be in butt joint communication with a plurality of magnetic suspension transfer tracks in different spaces through the movement of the automobile chassis, the lifting platform and the rail car, so that magnetic suspension trays and goods can be converted and slide among the three-dimensional magnetic suspension tracks, and integrated loading, unloading, transfer and three-dimensional transfer of the goods can be realized according to different destinations of the goods, thereby not only improving the transfer timeliness of the goods, saving labor cost and site space, but also reducing the damage rate, loss rate, repeated packaging and weighing of partial goods, and consuming electric energy, so the system is also an environment-friendly goods transfer mode.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of a magnetic levitation cargo handling and transferring system
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a magnetic propulsion system
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a magnetic levitation tray drive switching system
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a central control platform
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of an electromagnetic assembly
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a field power rail docking plug configuration
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the power rail docking plug of the chassis of an automobile
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of a field coil docking plug
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a coil docking plug of an automobile chassis
FIG. 10 is a speed control system
FIG. 11 shows a braking system for a moving platform of a magnetic levitation railway
FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of an attraction type magnetic levitation structure
FIG. 13 is a schematic view (II) of an attraction type magnetic suspension structure
FIG. 14 is a schematic view (I) of a repulsive magnetic levitation structure
FIG. 15 is a schematic view (II) of a repulsive magnetic levitation structure
Fig. 1 is a magnetic levitation railway vehicle chassis, fig. 1 is a magnetic levitation railway lifting platform, fig. 1 is a magnetic levitation transport railway, fig. 1 is a magnetic levitation railway moving platform, fig. 1 is a magnetic levitation transport railway, fig. 1 is a target magnetic levitation vertical transit railway, fig. 1 is a magnetic levitation tray, fig. 1 is a light beam emitter, fig. 1 is a field docking mechanism, fig. 1 is a power controller switch, fig. 1 is an adjusting wheel 11, fig. 1 is a light beam emitter, fig. 1 is an anti-skid bar 13.
Fig. 2 shows an ac frequency converter 1, fig. 2 shows a propulsion electromagnet 2, fig. 2 shows an ac electric coil 3, fig. 2 shows a magnetic levitation pallet 4, fig. 2 shows a magnetic levitation track 5, fig. 2 shows a power supply track 6, and fig. 2 shows a drum-type power supply connector 7.
In fig. 3, 1 is a propelling electromagnet, 2 in fig. 3 is a saw-tooth connecting rod, 3 in fig. 3 is a remote control motor driving gear, 4 in fig. 3 is a saw-tooth connecting rod, and 5 in fig. 3 is a propelling electromagnet.
Fig. 4 shows an ac power supply 1, fig. 4 shows a rectifier 2, fig. 4 shows a dc converter 3, fig. 4 shows an ac converter 4, fig. 4 shows a central control computer 5, fig. 4 shows a dc connector 6, fig. 4 shows an ac connector 7, and fig. 4 shows an optical cable connector 8.
Fig. 5 shows a power supply 1, fig. 5 shows a power conditioner 2, fig. 5 shows a displacement sensor 3, fig. 5 shows an induction steel plate 4, and fig. 5 shows an electromagnetic assembly 5.
Fig. 6 shows a spring bar 1, and fig. 6 shows a power plug 2.
In fig. 7, 1 is the power supply rail connector, and in fig. 7, 2 is the power supply rail.
Fig. 8 shows a spring bar 1, and fig. 8 shows a power plug 2.
In fig. 9, reference numeral 1 denotes a power connector, 2 denotes a spring lever in fig. 9, and 3 denotes a docking port in fig. 9.
Fig. 10 shows an adjusting wheel 1, fig. 10 shows an adjusting wheel 2, fig. 10 shows a transmission gear 3, fig. 10 shows an auxiliary motor drive gear 4, fig. 10 shows a fixed gear 5, and fig. 10 shows a transmission chain 6.
Fig. 11 shows a hydraulic cylinder 1, fig. 11 shows a motor 2, fig. 11 shows a hydraulic telescopic rod 3, fig. 11 shows a connecting shaft 4, fig. 11 shows an "L" lever 5, fig. 11 shows a connecting shaft 6, fig. 11 shows a connecting rod 7, fig. 11 shows a connecting shaft 8, fig. 11 shows a connecting shaft 9, fig. 11 shows a spring connecting rod 10, fig. 11 shows a motor transmission shaft 11, fig. 11 shows a friction plate 12, fig. 11 shows a fixing bracket 13, fig. 11 shows a speed reducer 14, fig. 11 shows a connecting shaft 15, fig. 11 shows a connecting shaft 16, fig. 11 shows a track wheel 17, and fig. 11 shows a track 18.
Fig. 12 shows a magnetic levitation railway car pallet 1, fig. 12 shows a magnetic levitation railway 2, fig. 12 shows an induction steel plate 3, fig. 12 shows an electromagnet 4, fig. 12 shows a displacement inductor 5, fig. 12 shows an electromagnet 6, and fig. 12 shows an ac coil 7.
Fig. 13 shows a magnetic levitation railway car pallet 1, fig. 13 shows a magnetic levitation railway 2, fig. 13 shows an induction steel plate 3, fig. 13 shows an electromagnet 4, fig. 13 shows a displacement sensor 5, fig. 13 shows an electromagnet 6, fig. 13 shows an electromagnet 7, and fig. 13 shows an ac coil 8.
Fig. 14 shows a magnetic levitation railway car pallet 1, fig. 14 shows a magnetic levitation railway 2, fig. 14 shows an alternating current coil 3, fig. 14 shows an electromagnet 4, fig. 8 shows an electromagnet 5, and fig. 14 shows an electromagnet 6.
Fig. 15 shows a magnetic levitation railway vehicle pallet 1, fig. 15 shows a magnetic levitation railway body 2, fig. 15 shows an alternating current coil 3, fig. 15 shows an electromagnet 4, fig. 15 shows an electromagnet 5, and fig. 15 shows an electromagnet 6.
Detailed Description
The working principle of the magnetic levitation cargo transferring system is described in the following embodiments with reference to the attached drawings.
As shown in the attached drawing 1, before the cargo handling operation, the light beam emitter (12 in fig. 1) of the automobile and the power controller switch (10 in fig. 1) of the magnetic suspension tray (7 in fig. 1) are turned on, then the automobile is shifted to make the rear port of the magnetic suspension rail automobile chassis (1 in fig. 1) butt against the outer end of the magnetic suspension rail lifting platform (2 in fig. 1), the automobile parking device is turned on, under the control of the central control computer (5 in fig. 4), the ac frequency converter (4 in fig. 4) will connect the power supply of the electric hydraulic pump of the field butt-joint mechanism (9 in fig. 1), the upper end of the field butt-joint mechanism (9 in fig. 1) will lift the rear end of the magnetic suspension rail automobile chassis (1 in fig. 1) upwards, at the same time, the anti-skid rod (13 in fig. 1) is inserted into the circular recess at the top of the field butt-joint mechanism (9 in fig. 1), at the same time, the power plug (2 in fig. 6) is connected with the power supply, meanwhile, a power plug (2 in figure 8) is inserted into a butt joint port (3 in figure 9), so that the power plug (2 in figure 8) is combined with a power connector (1 in figure 9), the chassis (1 in figure 1) of the magnetic suspension rail vehicle and the site butt joint mechanism (9 in figure 1) are fixed together, after a position identification controller at the front end of the magnetic suspension transmission floating rail (3 in figure 1) receives a light signal of a light beam emitter (12 in figure 1), the position identification controller cuts off the power supply of an electric hydraulic pump of the site butt joint mechanism (9 in figure 1), so that the chassis (1 in figure 1) of the magnetic suspension rail vehicle and the magnetic suspension transmission floating rail (3 in figure 1) are at the same horizontal position, and an alternating current transducer (4 in figure 4) is connected with the power supply of the electric hydraulic pump of the magnetic suspension rail lifting platform (2 in figure 1) under the regulation and control of a central control computer (5 in figure 4), the electric hydraulic pump drives the magnetic suspension track lifting platform (2 in the figure 1) to move up and down, when the position recognition controller of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform (2 in the figure 1) receives an optical signal of the light beam emitter (12 in the figure 1), the position recognition controller cuts off the power supply of the electric hydraulic pump of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform (2 in the figure 1), and the magnetic suspension track lifting platform (2 in the figure 1) is in butt joint communication with the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis (1 in the figure 1) and the magnetic suspension transfer floating track (3 in the figure 1); under the regulation of a central control computer (5 in figure 4), an alternating current frequency converter (4 in figure 4) and a direct current frequency converter (3 in figure 4) are respectively connected with power supplies of an alternating current coil butt plug (2 in figure 9) and a power supply track butt plug (2 in figure 7) of a field butt-joint mechanism (9 in figure 1), a roller type power supply connector (7 in figure 1) of a magnetic suspension tray (7 in figure 1) obtains current from a power supply track (6 in figure 2) of a magnetic suspension track automobile chassis (1 in figure 1), after magnetic suspension separation is completed between an electromagnetic group (5 in figure 5) of the magnetic suspension tray (7 in figure 1) and an induction steel plate (4 in figure 5) of the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis (1 in figure 1), a propelling electromagnet (2 in figure 2) is switched to an opening mode through the rotation of a remote control motor driving gear (3 in figure 3), and the magnetic suspension tray (7 in figure 1) is switched to an opening mode between the propelling electromagnet (2 in figure 2) and the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis (2 in figure 1) The magnetic force between the alternating current coils (3 in fig. 2) of 1) in fig. 1 is pushed to slide to the magnetic suspension track lifting platform (2 in fig. 1), when the magnetic suspension tray (7 in fig. 1) leaves the adjusting wheel (11 in fig. 1) of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform, the electronic magnetic head below the adjusting wheel (11 in fig. 1) can transmit the signal to the central control computer (5 in fig. 4), the direct current transducer (3 in fig. 4) can cut off the power supply of the power supply track (6 in fig. 2) of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform, the electromagnetic group (5 in fig. 5) of the magnetic suspension tray can lose the power supply, under the combined action of the reverse rotating force of the adjusting wheel (2 in fig. 10) and the gravity, the propelling electromagnet (2 in fig. 2) is switched to the closed mode by the rotation of the remote control motor driving gear (3 in fig. 3) to prevent the jamming phenomenon caused by the untidy interface, the magnetic suspension tray (7 in figure 1) stops on the magnetic suspension track lifting platform (2 in figure 1), after the gathered physical distribution and weight information is transmitted to the central control computer (5 in figure 4) through wireless signals at the hand-held data terminal, under the control of the central control computer (5 in figure 4), the alternating current transducer (4 in figure 4) and the direct current transducer (3 in figure 4) are respectively connected with the alternating current coil (3 in figure 2) and the power track (6 in figure 2) of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform (2 in figure 1) and the magnetic suspension transmission track (3 in figure 1), after magnetic suspension separation is completed between the electromagnetic group (5 in figure 5) of the magnetic suspension tray (7 in figure 1) and the induction steel plate (4 in figure 5) of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform (2 in figure 1), the propelling electromagnet (2 in figure 2) is converted to the starting mode through the rotation of the remote control motor driving gear (3 in figure 3), the magnetic suspension tray (7 in figure 1) slides to the magnetic suspension track moving platform (4 in figure 1) through the magnetic suspension conveying track (3 in figure 1) under the pushing of the magnetic suspension tray and the alternating current coil (3 in figure 2) of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform (2 in figure 1), after the magnetic suspension tray (7 in figure 1) leaves the adjusting wheel (11 in figure 1) of the moving platform of the magnetic suspension track, the electronic magnetic head under the adjusting wheel (11 in figure 1) will transmit the signal to the central control computer (5 in figure 4), the direct current frequency converter (3 in figure 4) will cut off the power supply of the power supply track (6 in figure 2) of the transfer car in the magnetic suspension track, the electromagnetic group (5 in figure 5) of the magnetic suspension tray will lose the power supply, under the combined action of the counter-rotating force and gravity of the adjusting wheel (2 in fig. 10), the magnetic suspension tray (7 in fig. 1) stops on the magnetic suspension track moving platform (4 in fig. 1); the gravity sensor (2 in fig. 11) of the magnetic suspension track transfer car can synchronously transmit the weight signal to the central control computer (5 in fig. 4), when the weight signal is not changed any more, the central control computer (5 in fig. 4) can be connected with the power supply of the electric hydraulic pump and the driving motor of the magnetic suspension track moving platform (4 in fig. 1), the hydraulic telescopic rod (3 in fig. 11) can lift the long rod end of the L-shaped lever (5 in fig. 11) upwards through the connecting shaft (4 in fig. 11), so that the connecting shaft (9 in fig. 11) can push the fixing frame (13 in fig. 11) outwards, the connecting shaft (6 in fig. 11) can rotate clockwise around the connecting shaft (9 in fig. 11) to push the connecting rod (7 in fig. 11), the pushing connecting rod (7 in fig. 11) can push the fixing frame (13 in fig. 11) outwards through the connecting shaft (8 in fig. 11), so that the spring connecting rod (10 in, so that the friction plate (12 in fig. 11) is separated from the motor transmission shaft (11 in fig. 11), after the speed of the motor transmission shaft (11 in fig. 11) is changed by the speed reducer (14 in fig. 11), the motor transmission shaft (11) drives the track wheel (17 in fig. 11) of the magnetic suspension track moving platform (4 in fig. 1) to rotate, under the action of thrust generated by friction between the track wheel (17 in fig. 11) and the track (18 in fig. 11), the magnetic suspension track moving platform (4 in fig. 1) drives to the magnetic suspension transmission track (5 in fig. 1), the electronic magnetic head on the track (18 in fig. 11) synchronously uploads the displacement information of the magnetic suspension track moving platform (4 in fig. 1) to the central control computer (5 in fig. 4), when the magnetic suspension track moving platform (4 in fig. 1) approaches to the magnetic suspension transmission track (5 in fig. 1), the current intensity of the driving motor conveyed by the alternating current transducer (4 in fig. 4) to the track moving platform (4 in fig., the moving speed of the magnetic suspension track moving platform (4 in fig. 1) is slowed down, when the position recognition controller of the magnetic suspension track moving platform (4 in fig. 1) receives the optical signal of the optical beam emitter (8 in fig. 1), the position recognition controller cuts off the power supply of the electric hydraulic pump and the driving motor of the magnetic suspension track moving platform (4 in fig. 1), under the action of the retracting force of the spring connecting rod (10 in fig. 11), the fixing frames (13 in fig. 11) are folded, so that the friction plates (12 in fig. 11) clasp the motor transmission shaft (11 in fig. 11), under the action of the friction force, the motor transmission shaft (11 in fig. 11) stops rotating, and the magnetic suspension track moving platform (4 in fig. 1) stops rotating through the speed reducer (14 in fig. 11), under the action of the friction resistance of the rail wheel (17 in fig. 11) and the rail (18 in fig. 11), the magnetic suspension track moving platform (4 in figure 1) stops moving, and the magnetic suspension track moving platform (4 in figure 1) is in butt joint communication with the magnetic suspension conveying track (5 in figure 1); under the control of the central control computer (5 in fig. 4), the ac frequency converter (4 in fig. 4) will switch on the current of the ac electrical coil (3 in fig. 2) of the moving platform (4 in fig. 1) of the magnetic levitation track, the dc frequency converter (3 in fig. 4) will synchronously switch on the current of the power track (6 in fig. 2) of the moving platform (4 in fig. 1) of the magnetic levitation track, after completing the magnetic levitation separation between the electromagnetic set (5 in fig. 5) of the magnetic levitation tray (7 in fig. 1) and the induction steel plate (4 in fig. 5) of the moving platform (4 in fig. 1) of the magnetic levitation track, under the magnetic force of the ac coil (3 in fig. 2) of the moving platform (4 in fig. 1), the magnetic levitation tray (7 in fig. 1) will pass through the magnetic levitation transport track (5 in fig. 1), slide to the lifting platform (6 in fig. 1) of the target magnetic levitation track, after the magnetic levitation tray (7 in fig. 1) leaves the adjustment wheel (11 in fig. 1) of the lifting platform of the target magnetic, an electronic magnetic head below the adjusting wheel (11 in fig. 1) can upload a signal to a central control computer (5 in fig. 4), a direct current frequency converter (3 in fig. 4) can cut off the power supply of a power supply track (6 in fig. 2) of a target magnetic suspension track lifting platform, an electromagnetic group (5 in fig. 5) of the magnetic suspension tray can lose the power supply, and the magnetic suspension tray (7 in fig. 1) can stop on the target magnetic suspension track lifting platform (6 in fig. 1) under the combined action of the reverse rotating force and the gravity of the adjusting wheel (2 in fig. 10).
After the goods are loaded, under the regulation and control of a central control computer (5 in the figure 4), an alternating current frequency converter (4 in the figure 4) is connected with a power supply of an electric hydraulic pump of a site docking mechanism (9 in the figure 1) again, so that the site docking mechanism (9 in the figure 1) moves downwards, and the magnetic suspension rail vehicle chassis (1 in the figure 1) and the site docking mechanism (9 in the figure 1) are completely separated.

Claims (10)

1. The magnetic suspension cargo handling and transferring system adopts the principle of a magnetic suspension train and comprises a field docking mechanism (1), a magnetic suspension track automobile chassis (2), a magnetic suspension track lifting platform (3), a magnetic suspension track moving platform (4), a magnetic suspension conveying track (5), a magnetic suspension tray (6) and a central control platform (7), and is mainly characterized in that the magnetic suspension transfer track is respectively arranged on the automobile chassis, the lifting platform and the rail car, and the lifting platform can be also arranged on the rail car according to the requirement of field design and can be in docking communication with a plurality of magnetic suspension conveying tracks in different spaces through the movement of the automobile chassis, the lifting platform and the rail car, so that the magnetic suspension tray and cargos can be switched and slide among a plurality of three-dimensional magnetic suspension tracks, the integrated loading, unloading and transferring and three-dimensional conveying of the goods are realized.
2. The magnetic suspension cargo handling turnover system adopts the principle of a magnetic suspension train and comprises a field docking mechanism (1), a magnetic suspension rail automobile chassis (2), a magnetic suspension rail lifting platform (3), a magnetic suspension rail moving platform (4), a magnetic suspension conveying rail (5), a magnetic suspension tray (6) and a central control platform (7), and is mainly characterized in that the field docking mechanism is fixed at the front end of a field loading and unloading port and consists of an iron gate and an electric hydraulic lifter, spring rod type square power rail docking plugs, spring rod type bullet head type alternating current coil docking plugs and circular concave holes are distributed at the top end of the iron gate, the power rail docking plugs and the alternating current coil docking plugs are respectively connected with a power supply of the central control platform through cables, and the electric hydraulic lifter is connected with the power supply of the central control platform through a position identification controller, the position recognition controller is installed at the horizontal middle position of the front end of the magnetic suspension conveying track close to the site loading and unloading port.
3. The magnetic suspension cargo handling and transferring system adopts the principle of a magnetic suspension train and comprises a field docking mechanism (1), a magnetic suspension track automobile chassis (2), a magnetic suspension track lifting platform (3), a magnetic suspension track moving platform (4), a magnetic suspension conveying track (5), a magnetic suspension tray (6) and a central control platform (7), and is mainly characterized in that the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis is formed by modifying a common automobile chassis into a magnetic suspension track type automobile chassis, a light beam emitter is arranged at the horizontal central position at the rear end of the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis and connected with an automobile storage battery, a spring rod type concave surface type alternating current coil docking plug and a plane contact type power supply track docking plug are vertically and downwards arranged at the rear end of the magnetic suspension track, and the automobile chassis supports the stress position of the magnetic suspension track, the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis is provided with a Bluetooth gravity sensor, and anti-skid devices in a shape of crossing dog teeth or crossing grids are arranged at the stress position of the magnetic suspension tray supported by the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis and used for stabilizing the magnetic suspension tray, and the height of the anti-skid devices relative to the plane of the magnetic suspension track is not more than 0.5 cm in a mutual absorption type structure, and not more than 5 cm in a mutual repulsion type structure.
4. The magnetic suspension cargo loading and unloading turnover system adopts the principle of a magnetic suspension train and comprises a field docking mechanism (1), a magnetic suspension track automobile chassis (2), a magnetic suspension track lifting platform (3), a magnetic suspension track moving platform (4), a magnetic suspension conveying track (5), a magnetic suspension tray (6) and a central control platform (7), and is mainly characterized in that two ends of the top of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform are respectively provided with an adjusting wheel, the wheel surface of the adjusting wheel is wrapped with an anti-skidding rubber sheet, the side surface of the adjusting wheel is fixed with a gear-shaped structure, the two groups of adjusting wheels can be linked to relatively rotate through the combination of gears on the side surface of the adjusting wheels, a transmission gear, a fixed gear, an auxiliary motor driving gear and a transmission chain, the transmission gear is a double-sided gear, and one gear of the transmission gear is combined with the gears on, the other side of the transmission gear is connected with the transmission chain, the auxiliary motor mainly utilizes the resistance to control the rotating speed of the two groups of adjusting wheels when the magnetic propulsion system cannot normally operate, the auxiliary motor can drive the two groups of adjusting wheels to operate, the auxiliary magnetic propulsion system finishes tasks, when a magnetic suspension tray drives the first group of adjusting wheels to rotate through friction, the speed is reduced by the transmission structure of the adjusting wheels, the second group of adjusting wheels rotates in the opposite direction under the drive of the chain and the gear to prevent the magnetic suspension tray from being offside, the adjusting wheels are fixed on a central shaft through a bearing, the two ends of the central shaft are in a square shape and are embedded on the two sides of the top of the magnetic suspension track through shock absorbers, electronic magnetic heads are installed below the shock absorbers, the central shaft can move up and down under the buffer protection of the shock absorbers, and under the condition of no external pressure, the wheel surface of the adjusting wheel is higher than the top of the magnetic suspension track, the power track of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform has no power supply, when the adjusting wheel compresses the shock absorber under the action of external pressure, the electronic magnetic head can transmit a signal to the central control platform, the central control platform can be connected with the power supply of the power track of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform, when the external pressure of the adjusting wheel disappears, the electronic magnetic head can transmit a signal to the central control platform when the shock absorber extends, the central control platform can cut off the power supply of the power track of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform, the lifting platform of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform can be divided into two operation modes of a hydraulic platform and a pulley platform, the hydraulic platform is lifted through an electric hydraulic pump, and the pulley platform is lifted through a motor through a speed reducer pulley block, the power source of the lifting platform is an electric motor, the electric motor is connected with the central control platform through a position identification controller, the position identification controller is installed at the horizontal central position at two ends of a magnetic suspension track of the lifting platform, when the position identification controller receives an optical signal, the position identification controller can automatically break the connection with the central control platform, a Bluetooth high-precision weighing sensor is installed at the bearing position of the lifting platform for supporting the magnetic suspension track, so that the magnetic suspension track lifting platform becomes an electronic scale with the magnetic suspension track as a bearing force transmission mechanism, a handheld data terminal is a matched weighing display of the electronic scale, the handheld data terminal is an intelligent data processor capable of downloading and installing logistics operation software, the handheld data terminal has the functions of receiving and transmitting wireless signals, and is also provided with a bar code scanner and a camera capable of identifying two-dimensional codes, the magnetic suspension track lifting platform is an intelligent cargo operation platform, can move up and down according to the switching requirement of a magnetic suspension tray, enables the magnetic suspension track to be vertically switched and communicated with a plurality of magnetic suspension conveying tracks, enables the magnetic suspension tray to be switched and slide among the plurality of magnetic suspension conveying tracks which are vertical to each other, can measure the weight of the magnetic suspension tray, can bind or unbind cargo and the magnetic suspension tray through the bar code scanning function of the handheld data terminal, and transmits logistics and weight information to the central control platform through wireless signals of the handheld data terminal.
5. The magnetic suspension cargo loading and unloading turnover system adopts the principle of a magnetic suspension train and comprises a field docking mechanism (1), a magnetic suspension track automobile chassis (2), a magnetic suspension track lifting platform (3), a magnetic suspension track moving platform (4), a magnetic suspension conveying track (5), a magnetic suspension tray (6) and a central control platform (7), and is mainly characterized in that the magnetic suspension track moving platform can move back and forth on a track according to the switching requirement of the magnetic suspension tray, so that the magnetic suspension translation switching track can be horizontally switched and communicated with a plurality of magnetic suspension conveying tracks, the magnetic suspension tray can be horizontally switched and slid among the magnetic suspension conveying tracks which are not on the same straight line, adjusting wheels are respectively arranged at two ends of the top of the magnetic suspension track moving platform, and anti-skid rubber is wrapped on the wheel surfaces of the adjusting wheels, the side surface of the magnetic suspension tray is fixed with a gear-shaped structure, the two groups of adjusting wheels can be linked and relatively rotated through the combination of a gear on the side surface of the magnetic suspension tray, a transmission gear, a fixed gear, an auxiliary motor driving gear and a transmission chain, the transmission gear is a double-sided gear, one side gear of the transmission gear is combined with the gear on the side surface of the adjusting wheels, the other side of the transmission gear is connected with the transmission chain, the auxiliary motor mainly utilizes the resistance to control the rotating speed of the two groups of adjusting wheels when not started, when the magnetic suspension tray can not normally operate, the auxiliary motor can drive the two groups of adjusting wheels to operate, the auxiliary magnetic propulsion system completes tasks, when the magnetic suspension tray drives the first group of adjusting wheels to rotate through friction force, the speed is reduced by the transmission structure of the adjusting wheels, and the second group of adjusting wheels rotates in the opposite direction under the, the magnetic suspension tray is prevented from offside, the adjusting wheel is fixed on the central shaft through a bearing, two ends of the central shaft are in a square shape and are embedded on two sides of the top of the magnetic suspension track through a shock absorber, an electronic magnetic head is installed below the shock absorber, the central shaft can move up and down under the buffer protection of the shock absorber, the wheel surface of the adjusting wheel is higher than the top of the magnetic suspension track under the condition of no external pressure, a power supply track of the magnetic suspension track moving platform is not provided with a power supply, when the shock absorber is compressed by the adjusting wheel under the action of the external pressure, the electronic magnetic head can transmit signals to the central control platform, the central control platform can be connected with the power supply of the power supply track of the magnetic suspension track moving platform, and when the external pressure of the adjusting wheel disappears, the electronic magnetic head can transmit the signals to the central control platform when the shock absorber extends, the power supply of the power supply track of the magnetic suspension track moving platform can be cut off by the central control platform, the moving platform is a steel structure railcar provided with a track wheel at the bottom, the track wheel can roll on a track, the track wheel is connected with a driving motor in the railcar through a speed reducer, two friction plates are wrapped at two sides of a motor transmission shaft between the speed reducer and the driving motor, the lower ends of fixing frames of the friction plates are respectively fixed at two ends of a support cross rod through connecting shafts, a spring connecting rod with an adjusting screw is connected at the middle position of the two fixing frames, the adjusting screw can adjust the distance between the two friction plates and the motor transmission shaft, the top of one fixing frame is fixed with the vertex angle of an L-shaped lever through a connecting shaft, and the top of the other fixing frame is fixed with the tail end of a connecting rod through a connecting shaft, the front end of the connecting rod is connected with the short rod end of the L-shaped lever through a connecting shaft, the long rod end of the L-shaped lever is connected with the top end of a hydraulic telescopic rod of the electric hydraulic pump through the connecting shaft, after the electric hydraulic pump is connected with current through a position recognition controller, the hydraulic telescopic rod can lift the L-shaped lever upwards, so that the vertex angle of the L-shaped lever pushes the fixing frame outwards, meanwhile, the other end of the L-shaped lever rotates clockwise to push the connecting rod, the tail end of the connecting rod pushes the fixing frame outwards, a spring connecting rod on the fixing frame is stretched, a friction plate on the fixing frame is separated from a motor transmission shaft, the motor transmission shaft drives a track wheel to rotate after speed change through a speed reducer, and the rail car is pushed to move back and forth on a rail by means of thrust generated by friction between the track wheel and the rail, when the position recognition controller cuts off the power supply of the electric hydraulic pump and the driving motor, under the action of the retraction force of the spring connecting rod, the fixing frames are mutually folded, so that the friction plates are tightly held by the motor transmission shaft, the motor transmission shaft stops rotating under the action of friction force, the track wheels are controlled to stop rotating through the speed reducer, the rail car stops moving under the action of the friction resistance of the track wheels and the rail, the position recognition controller is installed at the horizontal central position at the two ends of the magnetic suspension rail, the position recognition controller is connected with the central control platform through a cable, when the position recognition controller receives an optical signal, the position recognition controller automatically breaks off the connection with the central control platform, and a weighing sensor is installed at the bearing position of the magnetic suspension rail supported by the central control rail car, when a magnetic suspension tray slides on the magnetic suspension track, the weighing sensor can transmit a weight signal of the magnetic suspension tray to a central control computer of the central control platform through an optical cable, the track is laid by a common steel rail provided with an electronic magnetic head, the electronic magnetic head is connected with the central control platform through the optical cable, the displacement information of the magnetic suspension track moving platform can be synchronously uploaded to the central control computer, the track and the magnetic suspension transmission track are vertically crossed, and a chain type protective cover for protecting a connecting cable between the magnetic suspension track moving platform and the central control platform is connected between a chassis of the rail car and the track.
6. The magnetic suspension cargo loading and unloading turnover system adopts the principle of a magnetic suspension train and comprises a field docking mechanism (1), a magnetic suspension track automobile chassis (2), a magnetic suspension track lifting platform (3), a magnetic suspension track moving platform (4), a magnetic suspension transmission track (5), a magnetic suspension tray (6) and a central control platform (7), and is characterized in that the magnetic suspension transmission track is a connecting channel for the magnetic suspension tray to slide between the magnetic suspension track lifting platform and the magnetic suspension track moving platform, light beam transmitters are respectively arranged at horizontal central positions at two ends of the magnetic suspension transmission track, the light beam transmitters acquire the power supply of the central control platform through cables, the magnetic suspension transmission track and the magnetic suspension tracks of the magnetic suspension track moving platforms adjacent to the magnetic suspension transmission track are separated in parallel at the same horizontal height and vertically separated on the same straight line, and the mutual separation distance is less than the length of the diameter of the roller type power supply connector of the magnetic suspension tray.
7. The magnetic suspension cargo handling turnover system adopts the principle of a magnetic suspension train and comprises a field docking mechanism (1), a magnetic suspension rail automobile chassis (2), a magnetic suspension rail lifting platform (3), a magnetic suspension rail moving platform (4), a magnetic suspension conveying rail (5), a magnetic suspension tray (6) and a central control platform (7), and is characterized in that all relatively independent magnetic suspension rails in the system are provided with independent central control platform power supply control switches and independent rail steel structure bodies, power supply rails and alternating current coils, the power supply rails and the alternating current coils are respectively connected with the central control platform power supply control switches through cables, the alternating current coils can be divided into single-phase coils and three-phase coils according to different access power supplies, the single-phase coils are connected with a single-phase power supply and are suitable for simple point-to-point cargo handling turnover, the three-phase coil is connected with a three-phase alternating current power supply, is suitable for cargo loading and unloading turnover with more links, when current passes through, the alternating current coil generates magnetic force repeatedly converted between the N pole and the S pole, when the power of the current changes, the strength of the magnetic force also changes synchronously, the magnetic suspension track of the system is divided into an I-shaped structure mode and a U-shaped structure mode, firstly, an alternating current coil and an induction steel plate are respectively arranged above the I-shaped track and below an upper extending arm part, or the alternating current coil and the electromagnet are respectively arranged on the two sides and the upper part of the I-shaped track, the alternating current coil and the electromagnet are respectively arranged on the inner side and the upper part of the bottom of the U-shaped track, or an electromagnet is arranged on the inner side of the U-shaped track, an alternating current coil is arranged at the bottom of the U-shaped track, and induction steel plates are arranged at the tops of the two sides of the U-shaped track which are turned upside down.
8. The magnetic suspension cargo handling turnover system adopts the principle of a magnetic suspension train and comprises a field docking mechanism (1), a magnetic suspension track automobile chassis (2), a magnetic suspension track lifting platform (3), a magnetic suspension track moving platform (4), a magnetic suspension conveying track (5), magnetic suspension pallets (6) and a central control platform (7), and is characterized in that the magnetic suspension pallets can carry containers and can be changed into magnetic suspension containers and can slide on the magnetic suspension tracks, the power source of the magnetic suspension pallets is the repeated magnetic force between a propulsion electromagnet and an alternating current coil of the magnetic suspension tracks, the two propulsion electromagnets are taken as a group and are respectively arranged on two saw-tooth connecting rods with the same length, the magnetic poles of the two groups of propulsion electromagnets are symmetrical, a driving gear of a motor is arranged between the two saw-tooth connecting rods, and the motor can be remotely controlled, the magnetic suspension tray can select magnetic contact and separation between an alternating current coil of a propulsion electromagnet and an alternating current coil of a magnetic suspension track according to the operation requirement of the magnetic suspension tray, a plastic disc rotary power controller switch is installed on the side surface of the magnetic suspension tray, the power controller switch is independently connected with the magnetic suspension tray propulsion electromagnet through a lead, the power controller switch can preset the magnetic strength of the propulsion electromagnet in a mode of presetting the current strength of the propulsion electromagnet, the propulsion electromagnet can be replaced by a permanent magnet, an envelope-shaped plastic glass label is respectively fixed at the front end and the rear end of the magnetic suspension tray and can be used for placing a bar code label or a two-dimensional code card, the magnetic suspension tray is contacted with the power track of the magnetic suspension track through a roller type power supply connector to obtain a direct current power supply, and the roller type power supply connector is composed of a tubular connecting rod and a conductive roller, the upper end of the connecting rod is fixed on a fixing hole at the bottom of the magnetic suspension tray in a hanging way through a fixing shaft and a spring rod, a spring type power supply brush is arranged in the middle of the lower end of the connecting rod, the power supply brush is connected with an electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray through a lead in the connecting rod, two ends of a central shaft of the conductive roller are respectively fixed on fixing holes at two sides of the lower end of the connecting rod, the power supply brush is tightly connected with the surface layer of the conductive roller under the action of a spring of the power supply brush, the conductive roller is tightly connected with the power supply track under the action of the spring rod, the magnetic suspension tray is divided into an attraction type suspension mode and a repulsion type suspension mode, all the electromagnetic groups of the magnetic suspension tray are provided with a power regulator and a displacement inductor, a lead is connected between the power regulator and the displacement inductor, and before the electromagnetic group is separated from an induction steel plate, under the guidance of the displacement sensor, the power regulator can continuously strengthen the current intensity of the electromagnetic group until the magnetic suspension tray and the magnetic suspension track are separated in a magnetic suspension way, the power regulator which obtains displacement signals of the displacement sensor can automatically fix the current intensity of the electromagnetic group, the magnetic suspension tray is divided into an inverted U-shaped structural mode and an I-shaped structural mode, firstly, channel steel is additionally arranged below the common tray to form an inverted U-shaped structural body, electromagnets are respectively arranged at the top of the inner side of the inverted U-shaped structural body and the tops of two inverted directions at two sides, or electromagnets are respectively arranged at the top of the inner side of the inverted U-shaped structural body and the inner sides of the two inverted directions at two sides, secondly, channel steel is additionally arranged below the common tray to form an I-shaped structural body, and the bottom of the I-shaped structural body and two sides of the lower extension arm are arranged below the bottom of the I-shaped structural body, electromagnets are respectively installed, or the electromagnets are respectively installed below and above the bottom of the I-shaped steel structure body and at two sides of the lower extending arm.
9. The magnetic suspension cargo loading and unloading turnover system adopts the principle of a magnetic suspension train and comprises a field docking mechanism (1), a magnetic suspension track automobile chassis (2), a magnetic suspension track lifting platform (3), a magnetic suspension track moving platform (4), a magnetic suspension conveying track (5), a magnetic suspension tray (6) and a central control platform (7), and is characterized in that the central control platform consists of a central control computer, an alternating current power supply, a rectifier, a direct current frequency converter and an alternating current frequency converter, wherein the direct current frequency converter and the alternating current frequency converter are both intelligent frequency converters capable of receiving command programs of the central control computer, the alternating current frequency converter can respectively adopt two types of a single-phase alternating current frequency converter and three alternating current frequency converters, the three alternating current frequency converters have the advantage of being provided with direction converters, and the central control computer is used for regulating the direct current frequency converter and the alternating current frequency converter, the alternating current power supply firstly converts a part of alternating current into direct current through the rectifier and then respectively transmits the direct current to the alternating current frequency converter and the direct current frequency converter, the alternating current frequency converter and the direct current frequency converter control the current intensity and the direction of each power consumption unit transmitted to the magnetic suspension tray switching system according to a command program of the central control computer, and according to the weight of the magnetic suspension tray, the central control computer not only can complete magnetic suspension separation of an electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray and an induction steel plate of a magnetic suspension track in the shortest time by presetting the current intensity output by the direct current frequency converter, but also can control the advancing speed of the magnetic suspension tray by presetting the current intensity output by the alternating current frequency converter and can also control the current direction output by the three alternating current frequency converters, and controlling the advancing direction of the magnetic suspension tray.
10. The maglev cargo handling and transferring system adopts the principle of a maglev train and comprises a field docking mechanism (1), a maglev track automobile chassis (2), a maglev track lifting platform (3), a maglev track moving platform (4), a maglev conveying track (5), a maglev tray (6) and a central control platform (7), and is mainly characterized in that the central control platform comprehensively controls the maglev cargo handling and transferring system, a light beam emitter of an automobile is firstly opened before the goods are handled, then the rear port of the maglev track automobile chassis is butted with the outer end of the maglev track lifting platform through the displacement of the automobile, an alternating current frequency converter is connected with an electric hydraulic pump power supply of the field docking mechanism under the regulation and control of a central control computer, the upper end of the field docking mechanism can lift the rear end of the maglev track automobile chassis upwards, meanwhile, an anti-skid rod is inserted into a circular concave hole at the top of the field docking mechanism, so that the magnetic suspension rail automobile chassis and the field docking mechanism are fixed together, an alternating current coil docking plug and a power supply rail docking plug at the rear end of the magnetic suspension rail automobile chassis are respectively combined with the alternating current coil docking plug and the power supply rail docking plug of the field docking mechanism, when a position identification controller at the front end of a magnetic suspension transmission floating rail receives an optical signal of a light beam transmitter of the automobile, the position identification controller can disconnect the power supply of an electric hydraulic pump of the field docking mechanism, so that the magnetic suspension rail automobile chassis and the magnetic suspension transmission floating rail are in the same horizontal position, and under the regulation and control of the central control computer, the alternating current frequency converter can be connected with the power supply of the electric hydraulic pump of the magnetic suspension rail lifting platform, the electric hydraulic pump drives the magnetic suspension track lifting platform to move up and down, when a position identification controller of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform receives an optical signal of a light beam transmitter of the automobile, the position identification controller disconnects a power supply of the electric hydraulic pump, the magnetic suspension track lifting platform is in butt joint communication with a magnetic suspension track automobile chassis and a magnetic suspension transmission floating track, under the regulation and control of the central control computer, the alternating current frequency converter and the direct current frequency converter are respectively connected with a power supply of an alternating current coil butt joint plug and a power supply track butt joint plug of the field butt joint mechanism, and after magnetic suspension separation is completed between an electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray and an induction steel plate of the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis, a propelling electromagnet is switched to an opening mode through the rotation of a remote control motor driving gear, the magnetic suspension tray slides to the magnetic suspension track lifting platform under the pushing of the magnetic force between the propelling electromagnet and the alternating current coil of the magnetic suspension track automobile chassis, when the magnetic suspension tray passes through the butt joint port, the propelling electromagnet is preferably switched to a closing mode through the rotation of the remote control motor driving gear, the shell clamping phenomenon caused by the irregular butt joint port is prevented, after the magnetic suspension tray leaves the adjusting wheel of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform, the electronic magnetic head below the adjusting wheel can transmit a signal to the central control computer, the direct current frequency converter can cut off the power supply of the power supply track of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform, the electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray can lose the power supply, and under the combined action of the reverse rotating force of the adjusting wheel and the gravity of the magnetic suspension tray, the magnetic suspension tray can stop on the magnetic suspension track lifting platform, after the hand-held data terminal transmits the collected logistics and weight information to the central control computer through wireless signals, under the regulation and control of the central control computer, the alternating current frequency converter and the direct current frequency converter are respectively communicated with the alternating current coils of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform and the magnetic suspension transmission track and the current of the power supply track, after magnetic suspension separation is completed between the electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray and the induction steel plate of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform, the magnetic suspension tray slides to the magnetic suspension track moving platform under the pushing of the magnetic suspension tray by the magnetic force between the pushing electromagnet and the alternating current coils of the magnetic suspension track lifting platform through the magnetic suspension transmission track, and when the magnetic suspension tray leaves the adjusting wheel of the magnetic suspension track moving platform, the electronic magnetic head below the adjusting wheel uploads signals to the central control computer, the direct current frequency converter can cut off the power supply of the power supply track of the magnetic suspension track moving platform, the electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray can lose the power supply, the magnetic suspension tray can stop on the magnetic suspension track moving platform under the combined action of the reverse rotating force of the adjusting wheel and the gravity of the magnetic suspension tray, the gravity sensor of the magnetic suspension track moving platform can transmit the weight signal to the central control computer through an optical cable, after the weight signal is not changed any more, according to the command program of the central control computer, the alternating current frequency converter can be connected with the power supply of the electric hydraulic pump and the driving motor of the magnetic suspension track moving platform, the hydraulic telescopic rod of the electric hydraulic pump can lift the long rod end of the L-shaped lever upwards through the connecting shaft, so that the vertex angle of the L-shaped lever can push the fixing frame outwards, meanwhile, a connecting rod fixed at the short rod end of the L-shaped lever pushes the other fixing frame outwards, a spring connecting rod on the fixing frame is lengthened, a friction plate on the fixing frame is separated from a motor transmission shaft, the motor transmission shaft drives a track wheel of the magnetic suspension track moving platform to rotate after being subjected to speed change through a speed reducer, the magnetic suspension track moving platform drives to the target magnetic suspension conveying track under the action of thrust generated by friction between the driving track wheel and a track, an electronic magnetic head on the track synchronously uploads displacement information of the magnetic suspension track moving platform to the central control computer, when the magnetic suspension track moving platform approaches the target magnetic suspension conveying track, the current intensity transmitted by the alternating current frequency converter to the driving motor is reduced, and the moving speed of the magnetic suspension track moving platform is reduced, when the position recognition controller of the magnetic suspension track moving platform receives an optical signal, the position recognition controller can automatically cut off the power supply of the electric hydraulic pump and the driving motor, under the action of the retraction force of the spring connecting rod, the fixing frames can be mutually folded, so that the friction plates are tightly held by the motor transmission shaft, the motor transmission shaft stops rotating under the action of friction force, the track wheels are controlled by the speed reducer to stop rotating, under the action of the friction resistance of the track wheels and the track, the magnetic suspension track moving platform stops moving, the magnetic suspension track moving platform and a target magnetic suspension transmission track are in butt joint communication, under the regulation and control of the central control computer, the direct current frequency converter and the alternating current frequency converter can be respectively connected with the alternating current coil of the magnetic suspension track moving platform and the current of the power supply track, after magnetic suspension separation is completed between the electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray and the induction steel plate of the magnetic suspension track moving platform, under the push of the magnetic force of the alternating current coil of the magnetic suspension track moving platform, the magnetic suspension tray passes through the target magnetic suspension transmission track and slides to the target magnetic suspension track lifting platform, when the magnetic suspension tray leaves the adjusting wheel of the target magnetic suspension track lifting platform, the electronic magnetic head below the adjusting wheel can transmit a signal to the central control computer, the direct current frequency converter can cut off the power supply of the power supply track of the target magnetic suspension track lifting platform, the electromagnetic group of the magnetic suspension tray can lose the power supply, under the combined action of the reverse rotating force of the adjusting wheel and the gravity of the magnetic suspension tray, the magnetic suspension tray can stop on the target magnetic suspension track lifting platform, after the goods are loaded, under the regulation and control of the central control computer, the alternating current frequency converter is connected with the power supply of the hydraulic lifter of the field docking mechanism again, so that the field docking mechanism moves downwards, and the magnetic suspension rail vehicle chassis is thoroughly separated from the field docking mechanism.
CN201810572663.9A 2018-05-30 2018-05-30 Magnetic suspension cargo handling turnover system Pending CN110550459A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3642142A4 (en) * 2017-06-19 2021-03-17 Laitram, L.L.C. Monorail tray conveyor
WO2021128252A1 (en) * 2019-12-27 2021-07-01 江西理工大学 Steel plate suspended conveying device and method and application thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3642142A4 (en) * 2017-06-19 2021-03-17 Laitram, L.L.C. Monorail tray conveyor
WO2021128252A1 (en) * 2019-12-27 2021-07-01 江西理工大学 Steel plate suspended conveying device and method and application thereof

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Application publication date: 20191210