CN110480759A - The turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine - Google Patents

The turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110480759A
CN110480759A CN201910792916.8A CN201910792916A CN110480759A CN 110480759 A CN110480759 A CN 110480759A CN 201910792916 A CN201910792916 A CN 201910792916A CN 110480759 A CN110480759 A CN 110480759A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
carving
cylinder
processing platform
fixture
timber
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Pending
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CN201910792916.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴善旺
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201910792916.8A priority Critical patent/CN110480759A/en
Publication of CN110480759A publication Critical patent/CN110480759A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C5/00Machines designed for producing special profiles or shaped work, e.g. by rotary cutters; Equipment therefor
    • B27C5/02Machines with table
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C5/00Machines designed for producing special profiles or shaped work, e.g. by rotary cutters; Equipment therefor
    • B27C5/02Machines with table
    • B27C5/06Arrangements for clamping or feeding work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C9/00Multi-purpose machines; Universal machines; Equipment therefor
    • B27C9/04Multi-purpose machines; Universal machines; Equipment therefor with a plurality of working spindles

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of turnover mechanisms of carving and milling machine, belong to machining equipment technical field.It solves the problems, such as that existing carving and milling machine is difficult to realize high-efficient automatic processing for the not ipsilateral of timber.The turnover mechanism of this carving and milling machine, carving and milling machine includes rack and the processing assembly that is arranged on the rack, the processing platform that can convey timber along longitudinal direction is additionally provided in rack, processing assembly can realize 3 D stereo translation with respect to processing platform, turnover mechanism includes the fixture that can be clamped timber and timber is driven to overturn, and processing platform is equipped with moving assembly, and fixture is arranged on moving assembly, and moving assembly is able to drive fixture and moves along the vertical direction, fixture is located at one end of processing platform longitudinal direction.The turnover mechanism of this carving and milling machine realizes that the automation to timber not ipsilateral is processed.

Description

The turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to machining equipment technical fields, are related to a kind of turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine.
Background technique
Carving and milling machine is one kind of numerically-controlled machine tool, can both be carved, can also milling, be a kind of efficiently high-precision numerically-controlled machine tool, Its scope of application is wider, the carving and milling machine as disclosed in patent document (201510945613.7), including base, move horizontally platform, Retaining-plate, mobile device and carving and milling machine structure move horizontally platform by driving mechanism and connect base, move horizontally and set on the top surface of platform It is equipped with supporting mechanism for location, mobile device includes locating rack and mobile mechanism, and the side of locating rack is provided with first motor, positioning The other side of frame is provided with limited block, and limited block is connected with the second U-shaped support plate, peace in the second U-shaped support plate by connecting block Equipped with gasing pump, gasing pump connects carving and milling machine structure by delivery conduit, which can carry out carving milling to workpiece, but work as work When multiple sides of part are required to carry out carving milling, carving and milling machine needs manually overturn workpiece, time-consuming and laborious, automate journey It spends low.
In view of the above-mentioned problems, patent document (201510858513.0) discloses a kind of milling machine of two-sided carving milling, including bed Bottom and bedstead, the bedstead are arranged on the bed bottom, and the bedstead includes the support plate of vertically symmetrical setting and is arranged in institute The stabilization beam at the top of support plate is stated, the support plate middle position, which is provided with, carves milling logistics conveying apparatus, between the support plate It is additionally provided with carving milling device, the carving milling device includes upper carving milling device and lower carving milling device, and the upper carving milling device and the lower carving and milling machine are equal It is fixed in the support plate by the crossbeam being arranged between the support plate, the upper carving milling device is located at the conveying device Top, the lower carving milling device are located at below the feeding device, which mills device by carving milling device and lower carving in setting, thus Carving milling is carried out simultaneously to the upper and lower side of workpiece, however the structure setting needs multiple carvings to mill device, not only causes lathe volume huge Greatly, structure is complicated, and the equipment cost of lathe is higher.
On this basis, those skilled in the art are in order to save equipment cost, in such a way that workpiece repeatedly conveys, such as specially Sharp file (201720311462.4) discloses a kind of carving and milling machine, including upper and lower mechanism, turnover mechanism, upper material frame, lower material frame, carving Platform and mobile work platform are milled, upper material frame and lower material frame are disposed side by side on front position in mobile work platform, and carve milling platform setting is moving It moves back-end location on workbench and corresponds between upper material frame and lower material frame, upper and lower mechanism is for being arranged in headstock, overturning Mechanism is arranged in upper and lower mechanism, and is driven by the upper and lower mechanism and be accordingly moved upwardly or downwardly, which passes through upper Turnover mechanism is set in lower mechanism, and turnover mechanism in advance can overturn material during picking and placing material, then carry out Feeding, so that workpiece, which is delivered to, needs to carve the face-up of milling on workbench, however the structure designs so that workpiece has milled one in carving First blanking is needed to be overturn behind a face, then feeding, efficiency are lower again.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is there is the above problem in view of the prior art, a kind of turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine is proposed, To solve the problems, such as that existing carving and milling machine is difficult to realize high-efficient automatic processing for the not ipsilateral of timber.
Object of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme: the turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine, and carving and milling machine includes rack With the processing assembly being arranged on the rack, be additionally provided with the processing platform that can convey timber along longitudinal direction in the rack, it is described plus Work component can realize 3 D stereo translation with respect to processing platform, which is characterized in that the turnover mechanism includes that can clamp wood The fixture expected and timber is driven to overturn, the processing platform are equipped with moving assembly, and above-mentioned fixture is arranged on moving assembly, and Moving assembly is able to drive fixture and moves along the vertical direction, and the fixture is located at one end of processing platform longitudinal direction.
It can be realized 3 D stereo translation between processing assembly and processing platform, wherein when processing assembly itself is merely able to reality When both direction in now lateral, vertical and longitudinal direction is mobile, it is mobile that processing platform then can be realized an other direction, when adding When work component itself can be realized D translation, processing platform is then fixed on the rack, and is at this time processing moving assembly setting On platform and essential distinction can't be generated in rack, top and turntable can be assisted to realize the overturning to timber, processing When timber is placed on processing platform, timber is delivered to Working position by processing platform along longitudinal direction, after timber is positioned plus Work component realizes 3 D stereo translation with respect to processing platform, to process to the different location of timber upper side, works as needs Processing assembly resets upwards when the another side of process wood, and processing platform conveys timber along longitudinal direction, so that timber end is mobile To chucking position, fixture can clamp the end of timber, and then moving assembly drives fixture to move up, so that timber is detached from And it is higher than processing platform, avoid processing platform from generating interference to the overturning of timber, then fixture drives timber overturning, then drives Fixture decline, so that timber is supported on processing platform, processing platform resets timber along longitudinal direction is delivered to Working position, in wood Material then overturns to side upward timber by positioning post-processing component and processes, i.e., to the processed of timber not ipsilateral Without being overturn manually in journey, realizes to the automation processing of timber not ipsilateral, improve efficiency, simultaneously because fixture is set One end in processing platform longitudinal direction is set, and can decline after overturning and be made a concession, therefore not interfere with processing assembly to wood Expect the processing of each position.
In the turnover mechanism of above-mentioned carving and milling machine, the fixture has the clamping opening for clamping timber, the clamping opening court To processing platform.I.e. the clamping opening of fixture is longitudinally toward to processing platform, it is therefore desirable to fixture only be needed to make when overturning by lifting Clamping opening it is opposite with timber end, processing platform can using itself convey timber function, it is directly that the end of timber is defeated It send to clamping opening, compared with existing fixture is actively to move de-clamping workpiece, the application is without indulging moving assembly It is arranged to mobile, to simplify moving assembly, more simplified moving assembly can obtain higher stability, guarantee that timber turns over Turn precision.
In the turnover mechanism of above-mentioned carving and milling machine, the moving assembly can also drive fixture to laterally move, the shifting Dynamic component includes vertically arranged movable plate, the movable plate be connected on processing platform and can transversely with it is vertically movable, The fixture is arranged on movable plate.Fixture is supported on movable plate, and movable plate carries out laterally playing movement with vertical movement With the effect of support carrier, so that fixture keeps stablizing, and fixture can also be laterally moved, can by laterally adjusting so that Fixture is opposite with timber, while the lateral position of timber may change after overturning, such as the timber of long strip shape, former Being tiled state, width direction transversely, is turned over and turn 90 degrees rear width direction vertically, and timber deviates from accurate machining position It sets, and far from components such as backers, moving assembly drives fixture to laterally move at this time, adjusts the lateral position of timber.
In the turnover mechanism of above-mentioned carving and milling machine, the moving assembly further includes vertical rails, vertical sliding block, laterally slides Block and horizontal slide rail, the vertical rails are vertically fixed on processing platform, and the horizontal slide rail is transversely fixed on movement On plate, the vertical sliding block is fixedly connected with transverse slider, and vertical sliding block is slidably connected in vertical rails, the horizontal slide rail It is slidably connected on transverse slider.Movable plate, horizontal slide rail and transverse slider can synchronize vertically movable, movement with vertical sliding block Plate then passes through horizontal slide rail and laterally moves on transverse slider, can also consolidate horizontal slide rail certainly during actual assembled It is scheduled on processing platform, vertical rails is fixed on movable plate, equally can be realized the lateral and vertical movement of movable plate.
In the turnover mechanism of above-mentioned carving and milling machine, the moving assembly further includes lateral cylinder and vertical cylinder, described Vertical cylinder is vertically fixed on processing platform, and the piston rod of vertical cylinder is fixedly connected with vertical sliding block, the transverse direction gas Cylinder is transversely fixed on movable plate, and the piston rod of lateral cylinder is fixedly connected with transverse slider.Vertical cylinder is fixed on processing On platform, piston rod it is flexible be able to drive transverse slider, vertical sliding block, horizontal slide rail and movable plate synchronize vertical shifting It is dynamic, and then drive fixture vertically movable, and transverse slider is fixed with vertical sliding block, therefore the lateral cylinder piston rod on movable plate It is flexible, it is able to drive movable plate and laterally moves, and then drive fixture transverse shifting, can also be used during actual assembled Motor replaces lateral cylinder and vertical cylinder with feed screw nut's assembly.
In the turnover mechanism of above-mentioned carving and milling machine, the fixture includes clamping cylinder and overturning motor, the overturning electricity Machine is fixed on movable plate, and overturns the motor shaft horizontally toward processing platform of motor, fixed on the motor shaft of overturning motor There is cylinder block, the clamping cylinder is fixed on cylinder block.Overturning motor is able to drive cylinder block rotation, and then drives and clamp gas Cylinder rotation, clamping cylinder can be overturn with the timber of clamping, simple and stable structure, and rotary pneumatic can also be used by overturning motor certainly Cylinder replaces.
In the turnover mechanism of above-mentioned carving and milling machine, towards being fixed with clamp on the side of processing platform on the cylinder block Block, the piston rod end of the clamping cylinder are fixed with dynamic fixture block, form above-mentioned clamping opening between the dynamic fixture block and clamp block. Make clamping opening opposite with timber end when needing to overturn, i.e., clamp block upper side is flushed with the downside of timber end, Huo Zheding Fixture block upper side is slightly below the downside of timber end, and after timber end protrudes into clamping opening, movable plate rises so that clamp block Upper side is bonded with timber end downside, and then the piston rod of clamping cylinder is shunk, so that dynamic fixture block is pressed on timber end Upper side on, i.e., dynamic fixture block clamps timber end with clamp block, should can be avoided clamp block upper side and timber in the process What the timber other end tilted after the downside misalignment of end is interfered or clamped when timber being caused to protrude into clamping opening is unstable Phenomenon.
In the turnover mechanism of above-mentioned carving and milling machine, several feeding roller bearings are rotatably connected on the processing platform, if should Dry feeding roller bearing is arranged in the vertical direction, and each feeding roller bearing is transversely arranged, and is additionally provided at least one set on the processing platform Positioning component, and positioning component is higher than feeding roller bearing, the fixture at least one, and fixture is corresponding with positioning component sets It sets.Feeding roller bearing is longitudinally fed for carrying out to timber, and positioning component can be one group, be also possible to multiple groups, multiple groups positioning Component is used to the positioning of timber, and in order to accurately process, and each group of positioning component can position a timber, and each Group positioning component is equipped with a fixture, so that processing platform and processing assembly can simultaneously carry out together multiple timber Step processing, and multiple fixtures then synchronize overturning to multiple timber, improve processing efficiency.
In the turnover mechanism of above-mentioned carving and milling machine, the positioning component includes clamping plate in long strip and longitudinally disposed With several block-like lateral backers, several lateral backers are arranged in the vertical direction in a row, between adjacent two lateral backers along longitudinal direction It is fixed with Der Laengslenker, and is capable of forming longitudinally disposed feeding passage between several Der Laengslenkers and clamping plate, the fixture Can be opposite with one end of feeding passage, the other end of the processing platform is equipped with the longitudinal backer that can be gone up and down, and longitudinal direction is leaned on It mountain can be opposite with the other end of feeding passage.Timber is located in feeding passage, and in conveying, timber side, which is resisted against, laterally leans on On mountain and Der Laengslenker, clamping plate then limits the timber other side, realizes the guiding conveyed to timber, avoids conveying from occurring inclined When moving, and overturning and fallen on feeding roller bearing in timber, feeding roller bearing reversely conveys timber, so that timber end is leaned on longitudinal Mountain leans, and timber is in accurate Working position at this time, and lateral backer can clamp timber with clamping plate in process Positioning guarantees machining accuracy.
In the turnover mechanism of above-mentioned carving and milling machine, several guide rails, the clamping plate sliding are fixed on the processing platform It is connected on guide rail, positioning cylinder is further fixed on the processing platform, the positioning cylinder is transversely arranged, and positioning cylinder Piston rod be fixedly connected with clamping plate.Clamping plate is driven by positioning cylinder, is realized to the guiding of timber, clamping and release.
Compared with prior art, the turnover mechanism of this carving and milling machine has the advantage that
1, it since the fixture of the application can carry out vertical movement after clamping timber, is sent so that timber is detached from and is higher than Expect roller bearing, also far from lateral backer and clamping plate, thus carry out automatic turning, i.e., the nothing in the timber not process of ipsilateral Need to be overturn manually, thus realize to timber not ipsilateral automation process.
2, since fixture is arranged on one end of processing platform longitudinal direction, and it can decline after overturning and be made a concession, therefore Processing of the processing assembly to each position of timber is not interfered with.
3, since the clamping opening of fixture is longitudinally toward to processing platform, processing platform can utilize itself conveying timber Function, directly the end of timber is delivered in clamping opening, without carrying out longitudinal movement setting to moving assembly, thus simplify move Dynamic component.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of carving and milling machine.
Fig. 2 is the structure sectional view of carving and milling machine.
Fig. 3 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 1 at A.
Fig. 4 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 1 at B.
Fig. 5 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 2 at C.
Fig. 6 is the partial structural diagram after carving and milling machine hidden parts feeding roller bearing.
Fig. 7 is the schematic perspective view of carving and milling machine in embodiment two.
Fig. 8 is the schematic perspective view of moving assembly in embodiment three.
In figure, 1, rack;11, longitudinal motor;2, processing assembly;21, motor is processed;22, cutter head;3, processing platform;31, Feeding roller bearing;32, driving motor;33, guide rail;34, lateral backer;35, clamping plate;36, feeding passage;37, positioning cylinder;38, Lifting cylinder;39, longitudinal backer;30, Der Laengslenker;4, moving assembly;41, movable plate;42, vertical rails;43, vertical sliding Block;44, transverse slider;45, horizontal slide rail;46, lateral cylinder;47, vertical cylinder;5, fixture;51, clamping cylinder;52, it overturns Motor;53, cylinder block;54, clamp block;55, fixture block is moved;56, clamping opening;57, rotary cylinder;6, gantry;61, planker is erected;62, it erects To motor;7, crossbeam;71, cross slide;72, cross motor;73, support base;74, toolframe.
Specific embodiment
Following is a specific embodiment of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention will be further described, However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.
Embodiment one:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine, carving and milling machine include rack 1, processing assembly 2 and processing platform 3, Be fixed with gantry 6 in rack 1, vertically slidably connect perpendicular planker 61 in the two root posts at gantry 6, two blocks of perpendicular plankers 61 it Between be fixed with the crossbeam 7 being laterally arranged, the crossbeam 7 by vertical motor 62 and feed screw nut's assembly cooperation is vertically driven, It is slid along the transverse direction on crossbeam 7 and is connected with cross slide 71, which is cooperated by cross motor 72 and feed screw nut's assembly Carry out laterally driven, cross slide 71 has two pieces, and support base 73 is respectively and fixedly provided on every piece of cross slide 71, is turned between two support bases 73 The dynamic toolframe 74 for being connected with strip, the toolframe 74 are transversely arranged, and processing assembly 2 has multiple, and each processing assembly 2 is Including processing motor 21 and the cutter head 22 being mounted on processing motor 21, multiple processing motors 21 are transversely fixed on toolframe 74 On, processing motor 21 can be double rod motor, be processed by the rotation of toolframe 74 to rotate different cutter heads 22, can also Tool magazine is arranged on gantry 6, tool changing is carried out by tool magazine.There are two processing platforms 3 and is transversely arranged side by side, and processes Platform 3 is slidably connected in rack 1 along longitudinal direction, and processing platform 3 by longitudinal motor 11 and feed screw nut's assembly cooperate into Lateral, vertical and longitudinal 3 D stereo translation is realized between row zigzag tread patterns, i.e. processing assembly 2 and processing platform 3, in reality Processing platform 3 may be one in design process.
The rectangular frame-shaped of processing platform 3, is rotatably connected to several feeding roller bearings 31 on processing platform 3, several feedings Roller bearing 31 is arranged in the vertical direction, and each feeding roller bearing 31 is transversely arranged, and several feeding roller bearings 31 are connected by pulley drive It connects and passes through the same driving of driving motor 32 and synchronize rotation, to longitudinally fed timber.As shown in connection with fig. 3, flat in processing Four groups of positioning components are additionally provided on platform 3, which is arranged in the horizontal direction, and each positioning component includes in long strip Lateral backer 34 and clamping plate 35 are fixed with several guide rails 33 on processing platform 3, which is arranged in the vertical direction, and every One guide rail 33 is transversely arranged, and lateral backer 34 is longitudinally disposed with clamping plate 35 and is located at the top of feeding roller bearing 31, and Lateral backer 34 is connected on guide rail 33 by guide pad, and in processing, the guide pad is locked by screw, and clamping plate 35 is logical It crosses guide pad to be slidably connected on guide rail 33, and is further fixed on positioning cylinder 37 on processing platform 3, positioning cylinder 37 is transversely Setting, and the piston rod of positioning cylinder 37 is fixedly connected with clamping plate 35, is able to drive 35 transverse shifting of clamping plate, adjacent two lateral backers Der Laengslenker 30 is respectively and fixedly provided between 34, which is arranged in the vertical direction in a row, several Der Laengslenkers 30 and clamping plate Longitudinally disposed feeding passage 36 is formed between 35, is set in the longitudinal end of processing platform 3 there are four fixture 5, this four press from both sides Tool 5 is opposite with the end of four feeding passages 36 respectively, is then equipped with the longitudinal direction that can be gone up and down in the longitudinal other end of processing platform 3 Backer 39, and longitudinal direction backer 39 is in long strip and is transversely arranged, and longitudinal backer 39 carries out driving lifting by lifting cylinder 38, And it can be opposite with the other end of four feeding passages 36 when longitudinal backer 39 rises.Certainly fixed during actual assembled The quantity of hyte part, which can according to need, to be set, as one group of positioning component is only arranged on a processing platform 3, for one Timber is processed, corresponding, and fixture 5 also only needs to be arranged one, also only needs that one group of processing group is arranged on toolframe 74 The positioning component and corresponding fixture 5 of other quantity are set on part 2 or processing platform 3.
Specifically, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 4~Fig. 6, the longitudinal end of processing platform 3 is additionally provided with moving assembly 4, moving assembly 4 include movable plate 41, vertical rails 42, vertical sliding block 43, transverse slider 44, horizontal slide rail 45, lateral cylinder 46 and vertical gas Cylinder 47, wherein vertical rails 42 have four and are vertically fixed on 3 end face of processing platform, and four vertical transversely arranged, relatively Answer, vertical sliding block 43 and transverse slider 44 there are four, four vertical sliding blocks 43 are vertically slidably connected at four respectively and erect To on sliding rail 42, four transverse sliders 44 are separately fixed on four vertical sliding blocks 43, and movable plate 41 is for one piece and in long strip, The length direction of the movable plate 41 is transversely arranged, and width direction is vertically arranged, i.e. the side direction processing of movable plate 41 Platform 3, horizontal slide rail 45 are one and are transversely fixed on the side of movable plate 41 that the horizontal slide rail 45 is slidably connected at four On a transverse slider 44, and vertical cylinder 47 can be one, or multiple, vertical cylinder 47 is vertically fixed on processing On 3 end face of platform, and the piston rod of vertical cylinder 47 is fixedly connected with vertical sliding block 43, and lateral cylinder 46 is one, the transverse direction gas Cylinder 46 is transversely fixed on 41 side of movable plate, and the piston rod of lateral cylinder 46 and one of 44 phase of transverse slider are solid Even, its cylinder body can be with 41 transverse shifting of movable plate therefore when the piston rod of lateral cylinder 46 is flexible, and four fixtures 5 are then along cross To being arranged on movable plate 41.Fixture 5 includes clamping cylinder 51 and overturning motor 52, and overturning motor 52 is fixed on movement On plate 41, and the motor shaft for overturning motor 52 passes through movable plate 41 and horizontally toward processing platform 3, in the motor of overturning motor 52 Cylinder block 53 is fixed on axis, there are two clamping cylinders 51 and is fixed on the lower part of cylinder block 53, towards processing on cylinder block 53 It is fixed with clamp block 54 on the side of platform 3, and the piston rod of two clamping cylinders 51 upward and is fixed with dynamic fixture block 55, this is dynamic Fixture block 55 is located at 54 top of clamp block, and the clamping opening 56 towards processing platform 3 is formed between dynamic fixture block 55 and clamp block 54.
Lateral 34 lateral adjustments of backer to suitable position and are locked when processing, 37 lateral adjustments of positioning cylinder folder Plate 35, so that forming suitable feeding passage 36 between clamping plate 35 and lateral backer 34, longitudinal decline of backer 39 is avoided interference with, will Timber is placed in feeding passage 36, and feeding roller bearing 31 is conveyed along longitudinal direction, and lateral backer 34 and clamping plate 35 are oriented to, and is made It obtains timber and keeps accurate lateral position, in timber to Working position, timber is fixedly clamped by transverse direction backer 34 with clamping plate 35, Processing assembly 2 processes timber, and when needing to process on the side of the other side, lateral backer 34 and clamping plate 35 unclamp timber, but It is still to be able to be oriented to timber, movable plate 41 makes clamping opening 56 opposite with 36 end of feeding passage, and feeding roller bearing 31 is vertical To conveying timber, so that timber end protrudes into clamping opening 56, clamping cylinder 51 is acted, so that dynamic fixture block 55 is clamped with clamp block 54 Timber end, then vertical cylinder 47 drives timber to move up, so that timber is detached from and is higher than feeding roller bearing 31, overturns motor 52 drive cylinder block 53 to rotate, so that timber is overturn to another side upward, then vertical cylinder 47 drives timber decline, positioning Cylinder 37 drives clamping plate 35 mutually to recline with timber and is oriented to, and fixture 5 resets after unclamping timber, and feeding roller bearing 31 continues reversed defeated Timber is sent, so that timber leans with longitudinal backer 39, clamping plate 35 and lateral backer 34 clamp timber again, and processing assembly 2 is then The side of timber upward is processed, realizes that the automation to timber not ipsilateral is processed, movable plate 41 after processing is completed Decline avoids the longitudinally fed generation to timber from interfering so that fixture 5 is lower than feeding roller bearing 31, and feeding roller bearing 31 can will be wooden Material, which is delivered to along longitudinal direction on next process equipment, carries out next process.
Embodiment two:
The turnover mechanism of the carving and milling machine and the structure of embodiment one are essentially identical, and difference is as shown in fig. 7, gantry 6 It is slidably connected in rack 1 along longitudinal direction, and longitudinal motor 11 then moves longitudinally with feed screw nut's assembly mating band driven portal 6, It is adapted therewith, 3 need of processing platform are fixed in rack 1, and moving assembly 4 both can be set in processing platform at this time On 3, also it can be arranged directly in rack 1.
Embodiment three:
The turnover mechanism of the carving and milling machine and the structure of embodiment one are essentially identical, and difference is as shown in figure 8, fixture 5 It include rotary cylinder 57, several rotary cylinders 57 are each attached on movable plate 41 and are arranged in the horizontal direction, the work of rotary cylinder 57 Stopper rod is longitudinally disposed, and cylinder block 53 is fixed on the piston rod of rotary cylinder 57.
Specific embodiment described herein is only an example for the spirit of the invention.The neck of technology belonging to the present invention The technical staff in domain can make various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or replace by a similar method In generation, however, it does not deviate from the spirit of the invention or beyond the scope of the appended claims.
Although the terms such as rack 1, longitudinal motor 11, processing assembly 2 are used more herein, it is not precluded and uses it A possibility that its term.The use of these items is only for be more convenient to describe and explain essence of the invention;They are solved Being interpreted into any additional limitation is disagreed with spirit of that invention.

Claims (10)

1. the turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine, carving and milling machine includes the processing assembly (2) of rack (1) and setting on rack (1), the machine The processing platform (3) that can convey timber along longitudinal direction is additionally provided on frame (1), the processing assembly (2) can be with respect to processing platform (3) 3 D stereo translation is realized, which is characterized in that the turnover mechanism includes the folder that can be clamped timber and timber is driven to overturn Have (5), the processing platform (3) is equipped with moving assembly (4), and above-mentioned fixture (5) is arranged on moving assembly (4), and mobile Component (4) is able to drive fixture (5) and moves along the vertical direction, and the fixture (5) is located at one end of processing platform (3) longitudinal direction.
2. the turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fixture (5) has for clamping The clamping opening (56) of timber, the clamping opening (56) is towards processing platform (3).
3. the turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the moving assembly (4) can also band Dynamic fixture (5) laterally move, which includes vertically arranged movable plate (41), movable plate (41) connection On processing platform (3) and can transversely with it is vertically movable, the fixture (5) is arranged on movable plate (41).
4. the turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the moving assembly (4) further includes erecting To sliding rail (42), vertical sliding block (43), transverse slider (44) and horizontal slide rail (45), the vertical rails (42) are vertically fixed On processing platform (3), the horizontal slide rail (45) is transversely fixed on movable plate (41), the vertical sliding block (43) and cross It is fixedly connected with to sliding block (44), and vertical sliding block (43) is slidably connected on vertical rails (42), horizontal slide rail (45) sliding It is connected on transverse slider (44).
5. the turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the moving assembly (4) further includes cross To cylinder (46) and vertical cylinder (47), the vertical cylinder (47) is vertically fixed on processing platform (3), and vertical cylinder (47) piston rod is fixedly connected with vertical sliding block (43), and the lateral cylinder (46) is transversely fixed on movable plate (41), and The piston rod of lateral cylinder (46) is fixedly connected with transverse slider (44).
6. according to the turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine described in claim 3 or 4 or 5, which is characterized in that the fixture (5) includes folder Tight cylinder (51) and overturning motor (52), the overturning motor (52) are fixed on movable plate (41), and overturn motor (52) Motor shaft horizontally toward processing platform (3) are fixed with cylinder block (53), the clamping gas on the motor shaft of overturning motor (52) Cylinder (51) is fixed on cylinder block (53).
7. the turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine according to claim 6, which is characterized in that towards processing on the cylinder block (53) It being fixed on the side of platform (3) clamp block (54), the piston rod end of the clamping cylinder (51) is fixed with dynamic fixture block (55), Above-mentioned clamping opening (56) are formed between the dynamic fixture block (55) and clamp block (54).
8. according to the turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine described in claim 3 or 4 or 5, which is characterized in that on the processing platform (3) Several feeding roller bearings (31) are rotatably connected to, which is arranged in the vertical direction, and each feeding roller bearing (31) is equal Transversely it is arranged, at least one set of positioning component is additionally provided on the processing platform (3), and positioning component is higher than feeding roller bearing (31), the fixture (5) at least one, and fixture (5) setting corresponding with positioning component.
9. the turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the positioning component includes in long strip And longitudinally disposed clamping plate (35) and several block-like lateral backers (33), several lateral backers (33) are arranged in the vertical direction In a row, it is fixed with along longitudinal direction Der Laengslenker (30) between adjacent two lateral backers (33), and several Der Laengslenkers (30) and clamping plate (35) it is capable of forming between longitudinally disposed feeding passage (35), the fixture (5) can be with one end of feeding passage (36) Relatively, the other end of the processing platform (3) is equipped with the longitudinal backer (39) that can go up and down, and longitudinal backer (39) can with give Expect that the other end of channel (36) is opposite.
10. the turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine according to claim 9, which is characterized in that be fixed on the processing platform (3) Several guide rails (33), the clamping plate (35) are slidably connected on guide rail (33), are further fixed on positioning gas on the processing platform (3) Cylinder (37), the positioning cylinder (37) are transversely arranged, and the piston rod of positioning cylinder (37) is fixedly connected with clamping plate (35).
CN201910792916.8A 2019-08-26 2019-08-26 The turnover mechanism of carving and milling machine Pending CN110480759A (en)

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CN111230739A (en) * 2020-02-28 2020-06-05 无锡市盛宝嘉科技有限公司 Novel turnover machine
CN114347191A (en) * 2021-11-25 2022-04-15 平湖市荣硕家居制造有限公司 Milling machine for furniture production

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CN114347191A (en) * 2021-11-25 2022-04-15 平湖市荣硕家居制造有限公司 Milling machine for furniture production

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